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1.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(1): 1-7, Jan. 2016. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-771855

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of ischemic preconditioning on mortality, inflammatory mediators and oxidative stress after intestinal ischemia and reperfusion. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were allocated according to the period of ischemia with or without ischemic preconditioning which consist on clamping the superior mesenteric artery for 10 minutes followed by reperfusion for 10 minutes before the sustained ischemia period. Mortality was assessed in Phase 1 study, and the CINC-1, CINC-2 and MDA levels in the lungs were analyzed in Phase 2. RESULTS: Mortality was lower in the ischemic preconditioning group subjected to 90 minutes of ischemia compared to the group without ischemic preconditioning (I-90: 50% and IPC-90: 15%, p=0.018), and it was lower in the ischemic preconditioning group as a whole compared to the groups without ischemic preconditioning (IPC-14% and I=30%, p=0.006). Lower levels of MDA, CINC-1, and CINC-2 were observed in the animals that were subjected to ischemic preconditioning compared to the animals that were not (MDA: I-45=1.23 nmol/mg protein, and IPC-45=0.62 nmol/mg protein, p=0.0333; CINC-1: I-45=0.82 ng/mL and IPC-45=0.67 ng/mL, p=0.041; CINC-2: I-45=0.52 ng/mL and IPC-45=0.35 ng/mL, p=0.032). CONCLUSION: Ischemic preconditioning reduces mortality, inflammatory process and oxidative stress in rats subjected to intestinal ischemia and reperfusion.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Precondicionamento Isquêmico/mortalidade , Isquemia Mesentérica/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/imunologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/mortalidade , Quimiocina CXCL1/análise , Quimiocinas CXC/análise , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Malondialdeído/análise , Artérias Mesentéricas/metabolismo , Isquemia Mesentérica/mortalidade , Ratos Wistar , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
2.
Bauru; s.n; 2012. 138 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Tese em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: lil-707678

RESUMO

O presente trabalho tem como objetivo investigar a influência de materiais utilizados na prática odontológica (Single Bond, HEMA, Vitrebond, Ketac Molar e Dycal) na resposta inflamatória de fibroblastos cultivados de polpa dental humana de dentes permanentes em relação à expressão e produção de mediadores da inflamação. As culturas primárias de fibroblastos foram estabelecidas a partir do tecido pulpar de terceiros molares hígidos. Após a quarta passagem, os fibroblastos foram estimulados pelos materiais e pelos materiais seguidos por LPS de E. coli pelos tempos de 6 e 24 horas. Os testes utilizados foram: MTT, Trypan Blue, Análise de Griess, PCR quantitativo e ELISA. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente aplicando-se o teste ANOVA a 1 critério e pós-teste de Tukey e ANOVA a 2 critérios e teste de correção de Bonferroni (p<0,05). Os materiais SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) e DY (Dycal) afetaram a viabilidade celular com diminuição do metabolismo. Os materiais SB1 (Single Bond 1:1.000), SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) e VB (Vitrebond) seguidos de LPS de E. coli diminuíram o metabolismo celular de maneira estatisticamente significativa. Os níveis de óxido nítrico produzidos foram diminuídos quando os fibroblastos foram estimulados pelo KM (Ketac Molar). A expressão gênica para pró-colágeno tipo I foi diminuída quando os fibroblastos foram estimulados pelos materiais SB10 (Single Bond 1:100), SB (Single Bond polimerizado) e DY (Dycal). Para o SDF-1_/CXCL12 houve um aumento da expressão para o grupo estimulado apenas por LPS de E. coli, SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) e DY (Dycal). Para o IL-6 notou-se uma diminuição significativa para o grupo estimulado por H1000 (HEMA 1000 nM) e um aumento para o grupo SB10 (Single Bond 1:100). A expressão gênica de IL- 8/CXCL8 diminuiu para os fibroblastos estimulados pelas três concentrações de HEMA e de Single Bond, VB (Vitrebond) e DY (Dycal) no período de 6 horas e houve um aumento para os materiais SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) e VB...


The aim of the present study is to investigate the influence of dental materials (Single Bond, HEMA, Vitrebond, Ketac Molar e Dycal) in the inflammatory response of human dental pulp fibroblasts from permanent teeth in relation to inflammatory mediators expression. and production. Primary cultures were established from third molars pulp tissue. After the fourth passage, the fibroblasts were stimulated only by materials and also by the materials followed by LPS from E. coli for 6 and 24 hours. Data were statistically analyzed using Oneway ANOVA and Tukey post-test and Two-way ANOVA followed by Bonferroni post-test (p<0.05). SB10 (Single Bond 1: 100) and DY (Dycal) affected cell viability and consequently decreased cell metabolism. SB1 (Single Bond 1:1,000), SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) and VB (Vitrebond) followed by LPS E. coli decreased cell metabolism. Nitric oxide levels were reduced when fibroblasts were stimulated by KM (Ketac Molar). Pro-collagen type I expression was reduced when fibroblasts were stimulated by SB10 (Single Bond 1:100), SB (polymerized Single Bond) and DY (Dycal). SDF-1_/CXCL12 expression was increased for the group stimulated only by LPS from E. coli, SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) and DY (Dycal). IL-6 expression had a significant decrease in the group stimulated by H1000 (HEMA 1000 nM) and an increase for SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) group. The expression of IL-8/CXCL8 decreased when fibroblasts were stimulated by the three concentrations of HEMA and of Single Bond, VB (Vitrebond) and DY (Dycal) at 6 hours and increased for SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) and VB (Vitrebond) at 24 hours. There was decrease in SDF-1_/CXCL12 production for the three concentrations of HEMA and DY (Dycal) and a declining trend for the other materials tested. The production of IL-6 was increased by VB (Vitrebond) and KM (Ketac Molar). The production of IL-8/CXCL8 increased by SB1 (Single Bond 1:1,000), VB...


Assuntos
Humanos , Fibroblastos , Materiais Dentários/toxicidade , Polpa Dentária , Análise de Variância , Colágeno Tipo I/análise , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , /análise , Dente Molar , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/análise , Metaloproteinases da Matriz , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Quimiocinas CXC/análise , Quimiocinas CXC , Fatores de Tempo
3.
Bauru; s.n; 2012. 138 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Tese em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-866649

RESUMO

O presente trabalho tem como objetivo investigar a influência de materiais utilizados na prática odontológica (Single Bond, HEMA, Vitrebond, Ketac Molar e Dycal) na resposta inflamatória de fibroblastos cultivados de polpa dental humana de dentes permanentes em relação à expressão e produção de mediadores da inflamação. As culturas primárias de fibroblastos foram estabelecidas a partir do tecido pulpar de terceiros molares hígidos. Após a quarta passagem, os fibroblastos foram estimulados pelos materiais e pelos materiais seguidos por LPS de E. coli pelos tempos de 6 e 24 horas. Os testes utilizados foram: MTT, Trypan Blue, Análise de Griess, PCR quantitativo e ELISA. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente aplicando-se o teste ANOVA a 1 critério e pós-teste de Tukey e ANOVA a 2 critérios e teste de correção de Bonferroni (p<0,05). Os materiais SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) e DY (Dycal) afetaram a viabilidade celular com diminuição do metabolismo. Os materiais SB1 (Single Bond 1:1.000), SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) e VB (Vitrebond) seguidos de LPS de E. coli diminuíram o metabolismo celular de maneira estatisticamente significativa. Os níveis de óxido nítrico produzidos foram diminuídos quando os fibroblastos foram estimulados pelo KM (Ketac Molar). A expressão gênica para pró-colágeno tipo I foi diminuída quando os fibroblastos foram estimulados pelos materiais SB10 (Single Bond 1:100), SB (Single Bond polimerizado) e DY (Dycal). Para o SDF-1_/CXCL12 houve um aumento da expressão para o grupo estimulado apenas por LPS de E. coli, SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) e DY (Dycal). Para o IL-6 notou-se uma diminuição significativa para o grupo estimulado por H1000 (HEMA 1000 nM) e um aumento para o grupo SB10 (Single Bond 1:100). A expressão gênica de IL- 8/CXCL8 diminuiu para os fibroblastos estimulados pelas três concentrações de HEMA e de Single Bond, VB (Vitrebond) e DY (Dycal) no período de 6 horas e houve um aumento para os materiais SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) e VB...


The aim of the present study is to investigate the influence of dental materials (Single Bond, HEMA, Vitrebond, Ketac Molar e Dycal) in the inflammatory response of human dental pulp fibroblasts from permanent teeth in relation to inflammatory mediators expression. and production. Primary cultures were established from third molars pulp tissue. After the fourth passage, the fibroblasts were stimulated only by materials and also by the materials followed by LPS from E. coli for 6 and 24 hours. Data were statistically analyzed using Oneway ANOVA and Tukey post-test and Two-way ANOVA followed by Bonferroni post-test (p<0.05). SB10 (Single Bond 1: 100) and DY (Dycal) affected cell viability and consequently decreased cell metabolism. SB1 (Single Bond 1:1,000), SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) and VB (Vitrebond) followed by LPS E. coli decreased cell metabolism. Nitric oxide levels were reduced when fibroblasts were stimulated by KM (Ketac Molar). Pro-collagen type I expression was reduced when fibroblasts were stimulated by SB10 (Single Bond 1:100), SB (polymerized Single Bond) and DY (Dycal). SDF-1_/CXCL12 expression was increased for the group stimulated only by LPS from E. coli, SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) and DY (Dycal). IL-6 expression had a significant decrease in the group stimulated by H1000 (HEMA 1000 nM) and an increase for SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) group. The expression of IL-8/CXCL8 decreased when fibroblasts were stimulated by the three concentrations of HEMA and of Single Bond, VB (Vitrebond) and DY (Dycal) at 6 hours and increased for SB10 (Single Bond 1:100) and VB (Vitrebond) at 24 hours. There was decrease in SDF-1_/CXCL12 production for the three concentrations of HEMA and DY (Dycal) and a declining trend for the other materials tested. The production of IL-6 was increased by VB (Vitrebond) and KM (Ketac Molar). The production of IL-8/CXCL8 increased by SB1 (Single Bond 1:1,000), VB...


Assuntos
Humanos , Fibroblastos , Materiais Dentários/toxicidade , Polpa Dentária , Análise de Variância , Colágeno Tipo I/análise , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , /análise , Dente Molar , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/análise , Metaloproteinases da Matriz , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Quimiocinas CXC/análise , Quimiocinas CXC , Fatores de Tempo
4.
Biol. Res ; 43(4): 475-480, 2010. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-582863

RESUMO

Human Cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a herpesvirus associated with serious diseases in immunocompromised subjects. The region between ORF UL133 and UL151 from HCMV, named ULb' is frequently deleted in attenuated AD169 and in highly passaged laboratory strains. However, this region is conserved in low-passaged and more virulent HCMV, like the Toledo strain. The UL146 gene, which is located in the ULb' region, encodes a CXC-chemokine analogue. The diversity of UL146 gene was evaluated among fifty-six clinical isolates of HCMV from Japan. Results show that UL146 gene was successfully amplified by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in only 17/56 strains (30 percent), while the success rate for UL145/UL147 gene was 18/56 strains (32 percent). After DNA sequencing, the 35 amplified strains were classified into 8 groups. When compared, variability of UL146 ranged from 25.1 percent to 52.9 percent at the DNA level and from 34.5 percent to 67 percent at the amino acid level. Seven groups had the interleukin-8 (IL-8) motif ERL (Glu-Leu-Arg) CXC and one group had only the CXC motif, suggesting the absence of the IL-8 function of UL146. In conclusion, we found that UL146 gene of HCMV is hyper-variable in clinical strains from Japan suggesting the possibility of a different function in each sequence group.


Assuntos
Humanos , Quimiocinas CXC/genética , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/virologia , Citomegalovirus/genética , Genes Virais/genética , Variação Genética/genética , Proteínas Virais/genética , Sequência de Bases , Citomegalovirus/isolamento & purificação , Fibroblastos/virologia , Genótipo , Japão , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Análise de Sequência de DNA
5.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 104(7): 1039-1041, Nov. 2009. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-534173

RESUMO

Chemokines recruit and activate leukocytes, assisting granuloma formation. Herein, we evaluated plasma chemokines in patients with active tuberculosis (ATB) and after completing treatment (TTB) and compared them to BCG-vaccinated healthy controls (HC). Levels of chemokines were measured by cytometric bead array. Levels of CXCL8, CXCL9 and CXCL10 were higher in ATB patients compared to HC, but they decreased in TTB. Levels of CCL2 and CCL5 in ATB patients were similar to those observed in HC. Thus, the high levels of CXC-chemokines detected during ATB, which can modulate the trafficking of immune cells from the periphery to the site of infection, were reversed by anti-mycobacterial treatment.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Antibióticos Antituberculose/uso terapêutico , Quimiocinas CXC/sangue , Tuberculose Pulmonar/sangue , Tuberculose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Vacina BCG , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Quimiocinas CXC/análise , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 39(4): 441-445, Apr. 2006. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-425080

RESUMO

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disease of the human central nervous system. Although its etiology is unknown, the accumulation and activation of mononuclear cells in the central nervous system are crucial to its pathogenesis. Chemokines have been proposed to play a major role in the recruitment and activation of leukocytes in inflammatory sites. They are divided into subfamilies on the basis of the location of conserved cysteine residues. We determined the levels of some CC and CXC chemokines in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 23 relapsing-remitting MS patients under interferon-ß-1a therapy and 16 control subjects using ELISA. MS patients were categorized as having active or stable disease. CXCL10 was significantly increased in the CSF of active MS patients (mean ± SEM, 369.5 ± 69.3 pg/mL) when compared with controls (178.5 ± 29.1 pg/mL, P < 0.05). CSF levels of CCL2 were significantly lower in active MS (144.7 ± 14.4 pg/mL) than in controls (237.1 ± 16.4 pg/mL, P < 0.01). There was no difference in the concentration of CCL2 and CXCL10 between patients with stable MS and controls. CCL5 was not detectable in the CSF of most patients or controls. The qualitative and quantitative differences of chemokines in CSF during relapses of MS suggest that they may be useful as a marker of disease activity and of the mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of the disease.


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Quimiocinas CC/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Quimiocinas CXC/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Esclerose Múltipla Recidivante-Remitente/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Interferon beta/uso terapêutico , Esclerose Múltipla Recidivante-Remitente/tratamento farmacológico
7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 38(10): 1449-1454, Oct. 2005.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-409271

RESUMO

Bone marrow stromal cells are critical regulators of hematopoiesis. Osteoblasts are part of the stromal cell support system in bone marrow and may be derived from a common precursor. Several studies suggested that osteoblasts regulate hematopoiesis, yet the entire mechanism is not understood. It is clear, however, that both hematopoietic precursors and osteoblasts interact for the production of osteoclasts and the activation of resorption. We observed that hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) regulate osteoblastic secretion of various growth factors, and that osteoblasts express some soluble factors exclusively in the presence of HSCs. Osteoblasts and hematopoietic cells are closely associated with each other in the bone marrow, suggesting a reciprocal relationship between them to develop the HSC niche. One critical component regulating the niche is stromal-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and its receptor CXCR4 which regulates stem cell homing and, as we have recently demonstrated, plays a crucial role in facilitating those tumors which metastasize to bone. Osteoblasts produce abundant amounts of SDF-1 and therefore osteoblasts play an important role in metastasis. These findings are discussed in the context of the role of osteoblasts in marrow function in health and disease.


Assuntos
Animais , Humanos , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Quimiocinas CXC/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/fisiologia , Osteoblastos/fisiologia , /metabolismo , Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/citologia , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Células Estromais/metabolismo
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