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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 427-434, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056458

RESUMO

Granulosa cells (GCs) are essential components of follicles and play a role in regulating follicle development. The aim of this study was to investigate certain cellular components involved in the proliferation, differentiation and functional characteristics of granulosa cells in the success of fertilization of human oocytes during invitro fertilization (IVF) via immunohistochemical techniques. In this study, 30 patients who were diagnosed as primary or secondary infertility, polycystic ovary syndrome in the IVF center of Memorial Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology were included. The amount of Anti Müllerian Hormone (AMH) in blood and granulosa cell diameter and cell core diameter were measured in 20 cells collected from each patient. In addition, degeneration scoring and BAX, ADAMTS-1, IL-10 expressions in granulosa cells were evaluated (p <0.01). It was thought that apoptosis induced by human GCs might be an indicator of egg quality. Moderate expression of ADAMTS-1 was thought to be related to failure of ovulation, deterioration of oocyte quality and decreased fertilization rate. This decrease in AMH levels may be associated with defects in granulosa cells. Therefore, significantly lower AMH secretion and increase in IL10 expression levels in healthy people can be explained by the increase of granulocyte cells.


Las células de la granulosa (GC) son componentes esenciales de los folículos y tienen un papel en la regulación del desarrollo de éste. El objetivo del estudio fue investigar ciertos componentes celulares involucrados en la proliferación, diferenciación y características funcionales de las células de la granulosa en el éxito de la fertilización de los ovocitos humanos durante la fertilización in vitro (FIV) a través de técnicas inmunohistoquímicas. En este estudio, se incluyeron 30 pacientes diagnosticados con infertilidad primaria o secundaria, síndrome de ovario poliquístico en el centro de FIV del Departamento de Obstetricia y Ginecología del Hospital Memorial. La cantidad de Hormona Anti Mülleriana (AMH) en la sangre, el diámetro de las células de la granulosa y el diámetro del núcleo celular se midieron en 20 células obtenidas de cada paciente. Además, se evaluó la puntuación de degeneración y las expresiones BAX, ADAMTS-1, IL-10 en células de granulosa (p <0,01). Se estimó que la apoptosis inducida por los GC humanos podría ser un indicador de la calidad del huevo. Se estimó que la expresión moderada de ADAMTS-1 estaba relacionada con el fracaso de la ovulación, el deterioro de la calidad de los ovocitos y la disminución de la tasa de fertilización. La disminución en los niveles de AMH puede estar asociada con defectos en las células de la granulosa. Por lo tanto, el aumento de las células de granulocitos puede explicar la disminución significativa de la secreción de AMH y el aumento de los niveles de expresión de IL10 en personas sanas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo , Proteína ADAMTS1/metabolismo , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Imuno-Histoquímica
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(2): 584-591, June 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002262

RESUMO

Following the success of the highly active antiretroviral therapy, the potential of multidrug combination regimen for the management of cancer is intensely researched. The anticancer effects of curcumin on some human cell lines have been documented. Lopinavir is a FDA approved protease inhibitor with known apoptotic activities. Dysregulated apoptosis is important for the initiation of cancer while angiogenesis is required for cancer growth and development, this study therefore investigated the effects of the combination of lopinavir and curcumin on cell viability, apoptosis and the mRNA expression levels of key apoptotic and angiogenic genes; BAX, BCL2 and VEGF165b in two human cervical cell lines; human squamous cell carcinoma cells - uterine cervix (HCS-2) and transformed normal human cervical cells (NCE16IIA). The two human cervical cell lines were treated with physiologically relevant concentrations of the agents for 120 h following which BAX, BCL2 and VEGF165b mRNA expression were determined by Real Time qPCR. The Acridine Orange staining for the morphological evaluation of apoptotic cells was also performed. The combination of lopinavir and curcumin up-regulated pro-apoptotic BAX and antiangiogenic VEGF165b but down-regulated the mRNA levels of anti-apoptotic BCL2 mRNA in the human squamous cell carcinoma (HCS-2) cells only. The fold changes were statistically significant. Micrographs from Acridine Orange staining showed characteristic evidence of apoptosis in the human squamous cell carcinoma (HCS-2) cells only. The findings reported here suggest that the combination of curcumin and the FDA approved drug-lopinavir modulate the apoptotic and angiogenic pathway towards the inhibition of cervical cancer.


Tras el éxito de la terapia antirretroviral altamente activa, se investiga intensamente el potencial del régimen de combinación de múltiples fármacos para el tratamiento del cáncer. Se han documentado los efectos anticancerígenos de la curcumina en algunas líneas celulares humanas. Lopinavir es un inhibidor de proteasa aprobado por la FDA con actividades apoptóticas conocidas. La apoptosis disrregulada es importante para el inicio del cáncer, mientras que la angiogénesis es necesaria para el crecimiento y desarrollo del cáncer. Por lo tanto, este estudio investigó los efectos de la combinación de lopinavir y curcumina sobre la viabilidad celular, la apoptosis y los niveles de expresión del ARNm de genes apoptóticos y angiogénicos clave: BAX, BCL2 y VEGF165b en dos líneas celulares cervicales humanas; células de carcinoma de células escamosas humanas: cérvix uterino (HCS-2) y células cervicales humanas transformadas (NCE16IIA). Las dos líneas celulares cervicales humanas se trataron con concentraciones fisiológicamente relevantes de los agentes durante 120 horas, después de lo cual la expresión de ARNm de BAX, BCL2 y VEGF165b se determinó mediante qPCR en tiempo real. También se realizó la tinción con naranja de acridina para la evaluación morfológica de células apoptóticas. La combinación de lopinavir y curcumina reguló incrementando BAX proapoptósicos y VEGF165b antiangiogénicos, pero reguló a la baja los niveles de ARNm del BCL2 antiapoptótico en células de carcinoma de células escamosas humanas (HCS-2) únicamente. Los cambios en el pliegue fueron estadísticamente significativos. Las micrografías de la tinción con naranja de acridina mostraron evidencia característica de apoptosis solo en las células del carcinoma de células escamosas humanas (HCS-2). Los hallazgos reportados aquí sugieren que la combinación de curcumina y el fármaco aprobado por la FDA lopinavir modulan la vía apoptótica y angiogénica hacia la inhibición del cáncer cervical.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Curcumina/farmacologia , Lopinavir/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
3.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(10): 896-903, Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-973463

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the apoptotic mechanisms in rabbits with blast-induced acute lung injury (ALI). Methods: A total of 40 rabbits were randomly divided into a blank control group (A, n=10) and an experimental group (EXP, n=30). Explosion-induced chest-ALI models were prepared and sampled at different time points (4, 12, and 24h after modeling, T1-T3) to test the lung dry weight/wet weight ratio (W/D) and arterial oxygen pressure (PaO2), apoptosis of lung tissue by the TUNEL assay, and Caspase-3, Bax, and Bcl-2 levels by immunohistochemical analysis. Furthermore, lung tissue was sampled to observe pathological morphology by microscopy. Results: Under a light microscope, Group EXP exhibited obvious edema in the pulmonary interstitial substance and alveoli, a large number of red blood cells, inflammatory cells, and serous exudation in the alveolar cavity, as well as thickening of the pulmonary interstitial fluid. Compared to Group A, the W/D ratio was significantly increased in Group EXP (P<0.01), while PaO2 was significantly reduced (P<0.01). The apoptosis index was significantly increased (P<0.01), and caspase-3 and Bax/Bcl-2 levels were increased (P<0.01). Conclusion: Apoptosis plays an important role in the occurrence and development of acute lung injury in rabbits by participating in lung injury and promoting the progression of ALI.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Feminino , Coelhos , Traumatismos por Explosões/fisiopatologia , Apoptose/fisiologia , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/fisiopatologia , Alvéolos Pulmonares/patologia , Traumatismos por Explosões/patologia , Traumatismos por Explosões/sangue , Distribuição Aleatória , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/sangue , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/sangue , Caspase 3/sangue , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/patologia , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/sangue
4.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(10): 868-878, Oct. 2018. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-973468

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the protective effects of Polygonatum sibiricum polysaccharide (PSP) on acute heart failure (AHF) in rats. Methods: Sixty rats were randomly divided into control, model, and low-, middle- and high-dose PSP groups, 12 rats in each group. The low-, medium- and high-dose PSP groups were intragastrically administrated with 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg PSP for 5 days, respectively. On the sixth day, the AHF model was established by intraperitoneal injection of adriamycin. After 24h, the cardiac function, serum biochemical indexes, myocardial ATPase and succinate dehydrogenase levels and apoptosis related protein expressions were determined. Results: Compared with model group, in high-dose PSP group the heart rate, left ventricular systolic pressure, ±dp/dtmax, serum superoxide dismutase level, myocardial Na+-K+-ATPase, Ca2+-Mg2+-ATPase and succinate dehydrogenase levels and myocardial Bcl-2 and Caspase-3 protein expression levels were significantly increased (P<0.05), the left ventricular end diastolic pressure, serum cTnI, CK-MB, TNF-α, IL-6, malondialdehyde and nitric oxide levels and myocardial Bax and cleaved Caspase-3 protein expression levels were significantly decreased (P<0.05). Conclusions: Polysaccharide can prevent the acute heart failure induced by adriamycin. The mechanism may be related to its anti-oxidative stress, anti-inflammation and inhibition of cardiac myocyte apoptosis.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Polissacarídeos/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Polygonatum/química , Insuficiência Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Doença Aguda , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
5.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(10): 889-895, Oct. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-973469

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the role of the exogenous supply of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in the expression of Bax and Bcl2L1 genes in intestinal ischemia and reperfusion (IR) in rats. Methods: The study was designed as a randomized controlled trial with a blinded assessment of the outcome. Eighteen adult male Wistar-EPM1 rats were housed under controlled temperature and light conditions (22-23°C, 12 h light/dark cycle). The animals were randomly divided into 3 groups: 1. Sham group (SG): no clamping of the superior mesenteric artery; 2. Ischemia and reperfusion group (IRG): 3. Ischemia and reperfusion plus ATP (IRG + ATP). ATP was injected in the femoral vein before and after ischemia. Afterwards, intestinal segments were appropriately removed and processed for Endothelial Cell Biology Rat RT2 Profiler PCR Array. Results: ATP promoted the upregulation of Bcl2L1 gene expression, whereas it did not have significant effects on Bax gene expression. In addition, the relation of Bax/Bcl2L1 gene expression in the IRG group was 1.39, whereas it was 0.43 in the IRG + ATP group. Bcl2L1 plays a crucial role in protecting against intestinal apoptosis after ischemia and reperfusion. Increased Bcl2L1 expression can inhibit apoptosis while decreased Bcl2L1 expression can trigger apoptosis. Conclusion: Adenosine triphosphate was associated with antiapoptotic effects on the rat intestine ischemia and reperfusion by upregulating of Bcl2L1 gene expression.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Trifosfato de Adenosina/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Genes bcl-2 , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/genética , Isquemia/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/etiologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico , Distribuição Aleatória , Expressão Gênica , Regulação para Cima , Ratos Wistar , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo , Proteína bcl-X , Intestinos , Isquemia/complicações
6.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(5): 376-387, May 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-837712

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To investigate whether modulating GSK-3β could attenuate myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (MIRI) induced acute lung injury (ALI) and analyze the underlying mechanism. Methods: Male SD rats were subjected to MIRI with or without myocardial ischemic post-conditioning in the presence or absence of GSK-3β inhibitor. GSK-3β inhibitor was injected peritoneally 10min before MIRI. Lung W/D weight ratio, MPO, PMNs, histopathological changes, TUNEL, Bax, Bcl-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, GSK-3β, and caspase-3 were evaluated in the lung tissues of all rats. Results: After MIRI, lung injury was significantly increased manifested as significant morphological changes and increased leukocytes in the interstitial capillaries, Lung W/D ratio, MPO, and PMN in BALF, which was associated with enhanced inflammation evidenced by increased expressions of IL-6, IL-8 and reduced expression of IL-10. MIRI significantly increased cell apoptosis in the lung as increased levels of apoptotosis, Bax, cleaved caspase-3, and reduced expression of Bcl-2 was observed, which was concomitant with reduced p-GSK-3β. All these changes were reversed/prevented by ischemic post-conditioning, while these beneficial effects of ischemic post-conditioning were abolished by GSK-3β inhibition. Conclusion: Myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury induces acute lung injury by induction of inflammation and cell apoptosis. Ischemic post-conditioning protects the lung from ALI following MIRI by increasing p-GSK-3β.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Substâncias Protetoras/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/prevenção & controle , Pós-Condicionamento Isquêmico/métodos , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Regulação para Baixo , Interleucinas/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Marcação In Situ das Extremidades Cortadas , Modelos Animais , Ativação Enzimática , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/enzimologia , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/antagonistas & inibidores , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/farmacologia , Inflamação/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Neutrófilos/enzimologia
7.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 114(3): 243-247, jun. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-838210

RESUMO

Antecedentes/Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar si se producía un incremento de la expresión de Bax (proapoptótico) y una disminución de la expresión de Blc-2A1 (antiapoptótico) en el intestino de los recién nacidos con enterocolitis necrosante. Materiales y métodos: Comparamos a ocho pacientes recién nacidos de manera consecutiva sometidos a resección intestinal debido a enterocolitis necrosante con ocho recién nacidos sometidos a resección intestinal debido a atresia ileal. La evaluación histopatológica de la lesión tisular y la apoptosis se realizó mediante microscopía óptica y el método TUNEL. El nivel de ARNm en los genes apoptóticos (CASP3, CASP6, CASP7, Bax, BIRC2) y antiapoptóticos se evaluó con el método de matriz de RCP (PCR array). La expresión de proteínas se evaluó mediante inmunohistoquímica. Resultados: Los puntajes de las lesiones tisulares y los puntajes medios de apoptosis fueron significativamente más altos en el grupo con enterocolitis necrosante en comparación con el grupo de referencia (p < 0,01). La expresión de los genes proapoptóticos aumentó significativamente en el grupo con enterocolitis necrosante frente al grupo de referencia (p < 0,01). La expresión del gen Bcl-2A1 (antiapoptótico) disminuyó significativamente en el grupo con enterocolitis necrosante (p < 0,01). La expresión de las proteínas Bax y CASP3 aumentó significativamente en el grupo con enterocolitis necrosante (p < 0,01). Conclusión: Según nuestros datos, la alteración del equilibrio entre la expresión de Bax (proapoptótico) y la expresión de Bcl-2A1 (antiapoptótico) en el lugar de la lesión es un posible mecanismo de la patogenia en recién nacidos que presentan enterocolitis necrosante.


Background/Aim. The aim of the present study was to find out if there is an increase in the expression of pro-apoptotic Bax and reduction in expression of anti-apoptotic Blc-2A1 in newborn intestines with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Material and Methods. We compared 8 consecutive newborn patients undergoing bowel resection for NEC with 8 neonates undergoing intestinal resection for ileal atresia. Histopathological evaluation of tissue injury and apoptosis was performed by using light microscopic examination and TUNEL method. The mRNA level of apoptotic (CASP3, CASP6, CASP7, Bax, BIRC2) and anti-apoptotic genes were evaluated by PCR array method. Protein expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry. Results. Tissue injury scores and mean apoptosis scores were significantly higher in NEC group when compared with control group (p <0.01). Expression of pro-apoptotic genes were significantly increased in NEC group when compared with control group (p <0.01). Expression of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2A1 gene was significantly decreased in NEC group, (p <0.01). Protein expression of Bax and CASP3 was significantly increased in NEC group, (p <0.01). Conclusion. Our data in humannewborns suggest that alteration of the balance between pro-apoptotic Bax expression and anti-apoptotic Bcl-2A1 expression in the site of injury is a possible mechanism in the pathogenesis of NEC.


Assuntos
Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/biossíntese , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/fisiologia , Apoptose/fisiologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/biossíntese , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/fisiologia , Enterocolite Necrosante/metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/biossíntese , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/fisiologia
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