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Rev. argent. microbiol ; 40(4): 231-237, oct.-dic. 2008. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-634606


The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of tetracycline and oxytetracycline resistance determinants in Bacillus cereus strains isolated from honey samples. Of a total of 77 isolates analyzed, 30 (39%) exhibited resistance to tetracyclines according to the results of a disk diffusion method. Resistant strains (n=30) were screened by PCR for the presence of the resistant determinants tetK, tetL, tetM, tetO, tetW, otrA and otrB and their MIC values for tetracycline, oxytetracycline and minocycline were assessed. According to the PCR results, 23 isolates (77%) presented at least one tetracycline or oxytetracycline resistance determinant. The tetK genotype was present in 10 isolates while the tetL, tetM, and otrA genotypes were present in 3, 2, and 5 isolates, respectively. In addition, 2 isolates of the tetK plus tetM genotype, 1 of the tetK plus tetL genotype, and 1 of the tetK plus otrA genotype were found. All isolates were tetW, tetO and otrB negatives. On the other hand, 7 isolates (23%) showed a tetracycline-resistant and/or minocyclineresistant phenotype (MIC) but did not carry any of the tet or otr determinants investigated in this study. This research has shown that B. cereus isolates from honey samples contain a variety of tetracycline and oxytetracycline resistance genes, including the tetK and tetL determinants which encode for efflux proteins, and tetM and otrA, which encode for ribosomal protection proteins. These findings indicate that strains isolated from honeys could represent a reservoir for tetracycline resistance genes. To our knowledge, this is the first report of tetracycline-resistant and oxytetracyclineresistant B. cereus strains carrying the tetK determinant, and also the first report of oxytetracycline-resistant and tetracycline- resistant Bacillus species carrying the otrA determinant.

El objetivo del presente estudio ha sido investigar la presencia de diversos determinantes de resistencia a tetraciclina y oxitetraciclina en las poblaciones de Bacillus cereus presentes en la miel. De un total de 77 aislamientos evaluados, 30 (39%) resultaron resistentes a tetraciclina y/o minociclina de acuerdo con los resultados de las pruebas de difusión en disco. Dentro del grupo que presentó un fenotipo resistente, se investigó la presencia de los determinantes tetK, tetL, tetM, tetO, tetW, otrA y otrB por PCR y se determinaron los valores de CIM para tetraciclina, oxitetraciclina y minociclina. De acuerdo con los resultados obtenidos por PCR, 23 aislamientos (77%) presentaron al menos un determinante de resistencia a tetraciclina o a oxitetraciclina; el genotipo tetK se encontró en 10 de esos aislamientos, mientras que los genotipos tetL, tetM y otrA se hallaron en 3, 2 y 5 aislamientos, respectivamente. Ningún aislamiento presentó los genotipos tetW, tetO ni otrB. Adicionalmente, se encontraron los genotipos tetK plus tetM (2 aislamientos); tetK plus tetL (1 aislamiento) y tetK plus otrA (1 aislamiento). Por otra parte, 7 cepas (23%) resultaron resistentes a tetraciclina, oxitetraciclina y/o minociclina por CIM, pero no presentaban ninguno de los determinantes tet u otr estudiados. Estos resultados indican la existencia de un alto porcentaje de cepas de B. cereus aisladas de miel con genes de resistencia a tetraciclina y oxitetraciclina, incluyendo los determinantes tetK, tetL, tetM y otrA. Este estudio constituye el primer registro de la presencia del determinante tetK de resistencia a tetraciclina en B. cereus, como así también la presencia del determinante otrA dentro del género Bacillus.

Bacillus cereus/efeitos dos fármacos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/genética , Mel/microbiologia , Fatores R/genética , Resistência a Tetraciclina/genética , Antiporters/genética , Bacillus cereus/genética , Bacillus cereus/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Genes Bacterianos , Genótipo , Itália , América Latina , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Minociclina/farmacologia , Oxitetraciclina/farmacologia , Proteínas Ribossômicas/genética , Amostragem , Tetraciclina/farmacologia , Estados Unidos
Biocell ; 32(3): 229-235, Dec. 2008. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-541104


A new cation exchangers (CAXs) gene was cloned and characterized from Capsella bursa-pastoris by rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The full-length cDNA sequence of cax from C. bursa-pastoris (designated as Cbcax51) was 1754 bp containing a 1398 bp open reading frame encoding a polypeptide of 466 amino-acid residues with a calculated molecular mass of 50.5 kDa and an isoelectric point of 5.69. The predicted CbCAX51 contained an IMP dehydrogenase/GMP reductase domain, two Na+/Ca2+ exchanger protein domains. Comparative and bioinformatics analyses revealed that CbCAX51 showed extensive homology with CAX from other plant species. The expression analysis by different treatments indicated that Cbcax51 could be activated by cold triggering and was related to the cold acclimation process, but its expression is regulated negatively by drought and not affected by ABA or salt.

Sequência de Aminoácidos , Antiporters/genética , Antiporters/metabolismo , Capsella/genética , Capsella/metabolismo , Genes de Plantas , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Sequência de Bases , Biologia Computacional , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Alinhamento de Sequência
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 102(7): 861-866, Nov. 2007. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-470358


This study analyzed the involvement of tetA and tetE genes in the tetracycline resistance of 16 strains of genus Aeromonas, isolated from clinical and food sources. Polymerase chain reactions revealed that 37.5 percent of the samples were positive for tetA, and also 37.5 percent were tetE positive. One isolate was positive for both genes. Only the isolate A. caviae 5.2 had its resistance associated to the presence of a plasmid, pSS2. The molecular characterization of pSS2 involved the construction of its restriction map and the determination of its size. The digestion of pSS2 with HindIII originated two fragments (A and B) that were cloned separately into the pUC18 vector. The tetA gene was shown to be located on the HindIII-A fragment by PCR. After transforming a tetracycline-sensitive strain with pSS2, the transformants expressed the resistance phenotype and harbored a plasmid whose size was identical to that of pSS2. The results confirmed the association between pSS2 and the tetracycline resistance phenotype, and suggest a feasible dissemination of tetA and tetE among strains of Aeromonas. This study suggests the spreading tetA and tetE genes in Aeromonas in Brazil and describes a resistance plasmid that probably contributes to the dissemination of the resistance.

Aeromonas/efeitos dos fármacos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antiporters/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Alface/microbiologia , Resistência a Tetraciclina/genética , Tetraciclina/farmacologia , Aeromonas/genética , Aeromonas/isolamento & purificação , Cromossomos Bacterianos/genética , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Fenótipo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Genet. mol. biol ; 29(1): 14-22, 2006. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-423413


Kidney anion exchanger adaptor protein (Kanadaptin) is a protein which interacts with the cytoplasmic N-terminal domain of kidney anion exchanger 1 (kAE1) and was first detected in mice using the yeast two-hybrid system and was also found to co-localize with kAE1 in rabbit a-intercalated cells. Impaired trafficking of human kAE1 can result in the kidney disease-distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA), and defective interaction between human kAE1 and kanadaptin may cause this trafficking impairment and be the basis for dRTA pathogenesis. However, it is unknown whether kAE1 can really interact with kanadaptin in humans. We have thus investigated the interaction between human kAE1 and human kanadaptin by using both Gal4 and LexA yeast two-hybrid systems. It was found that co-expression of Gal4DBD fused to the cytoplasmic N-terminal domain of kAE1 and Gal4AD fused to kanadaptin could not activate the transcription of the ADE2, HIS3 and lacZ reporters in the Gal4 system. A similar result was obtained for the interaction between B42AD fused to the cytoplasmic N-terminal domain of kAE1 and LexA fused to kanadaptin in activation of lacZ transcription in the LexA system. The absence of interaction between the fusion proteins in both yeast two-hybrid systems raises the possibility that kAE1 may not interact with kanadaptin in human cells. Considerably different structures of both kAE1 and kanadaptin in mice and humans may lead to different binding properties of the proteins in these two species.

Humanos , Animais , Acidose Tubular Renal , Proteína 1 de Troca de Ânion do Eritrócito/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Antiporters , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Técnicas do Sistema de Duplo-Híbrido
Biocell ; 23(3): 161-170, Dec. 1999.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-340368


The luminal membrane of collecting duct cells, specially the intercalated cells, is normally exposed to active kallikrein. This is due to the specific localization of renal kallikrein in the connecting tubule cells. We have previously reported inhibition of distal bicarbonate secretion by renal kallikrein. The present study was performed to evaluate the participation of basolateral Cl-/HCO3- exchanger and luminal H(+)-ATPase activity of cortical collecting duct segments (CCD) in the mechanism involved in the inhibition of bicarbonate secretion induced by the enzyme. The effect of orthograde injections of 1 microgram/ml (250 U/6.3 mg) pig pancreatic kallikrein, in the absence and presence of 1 mM DIDS (stilbene-disulfonic acid) in the renal tubule system, was evaluated. Urine fractions were collected after two-minutes stop-flow. Changes in the urine fraction (Fr) related to those in free-flow urine samples (Ff) were related to the respective polyfructosan (Inutest) ratio. Renal kallikrein activity (Fr:Ff kallikrein/Fr:Ff polyfructosan) increased significantly in the first 120 microliters urine fraction collected after glandular 1 microgram/ml kallikrein, P < 0.05, (first stop-flow) and after glandular 1 microgram/ml kallikrein plus 1 mM. DIDS P < 0.05 (second stop flow). Bicarbonate secretion rate (Fr:Ff HCO3-/Fr:Ff polyfructosan) of collecting ducts was significantly reduced in the first 120 microliters urine fraction collected, related to control, during the first and second stop-flow periods. No difference was shown in bicarbonate excretion between the first 120 microliters urine fractions collected after administration of glandular kallikrein and glandular kallikrein plus DIDS. To measure H(+)-ATPase activity, rat microdissected cortical collector tubules (CCD) were incubated in the presence of increasing glandular kallikrein doses (A: 93, B: 187 and C: 375 mU/200 microL) in the presence of ouabain (4 microM) and omeprazole (100 microM) to inhibit Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase and H(+)-K(+)-ATPase, respectively. In CCD, bafilomycin-sensitive H(+)-ATPase activity (pmol/mm/min) after increasing kallikrein doses did not differ significantly from control...

Animais , Feminino , Ratos , Antiporters , ATPases Translocadoras de Prótons/metabolismo , Bicarbonatos , Transporte Biológico , Calicreínas/farmacologia , Antiportadores de Cloreto-Bicarbonato , Coagulantes , Ratos Endogâmicos WKY , Túbulos Renais Coletores/citologia , Túbulos Renais Coletores/enzimologia
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 26(5): 441-57, May 1993. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-148698


1. Mitochondria from a wide range of sources have the ability to accumulate Ca2+ down their electrochemical gradient mediated by a uniport mechanism. 2. Ca2+ efflux occurs via two separate pathways: a Na+/Ca2+ exchanger that predominates in mitochondria from excitable tissues and a Na(+)-independent pathway that predominates in mitochondria from non-excitable tissues. 3. The kinetic characteristics of these calcium influx-efflux pathways appear to be incompatible with any role for mitochondria as cytosolic Ca2+ buffers, under resting normal physiological conditions. Instead, the biological role of this Ca(2+)-transporting system seems to be the regulation of matrix Ca2+ in a range that permits the regulation of three intramitochondrial Ca(2+)-dependent dehydrogenases which catalyze rate-limiting reactions of the Krebs cycle. 4. Under conditions in which a high cytosolic Ca2+ concentration is sustained, the matrix Ca2+ concentration may attain levels that lead to impairment of mitochondrial functions such as inhibition of oxidative phosphorylation and increase in inner membrane permeability. 5. Accumulation of Ca2+ by mitochondria under conditions of oxidative stress induces an increase in inner membrane permeability by a mechanism that appears to be mediated by protein polymerization due to thiol cross-linking

Animais , Antiporters/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Trifosfato de Adenosina/biossíntese , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Potenciais da Membrana/fisiologia , NAD/metabolismo , Compostos de Sulfidrila/metabolismo