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1.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 57(5): 385-391, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-899442

RESUMO

Abstract Objectives: To correlate the basal expression of complement regulatory proteins (CRPs) CD55, CD59, CD35, and CD46 in B-lymphocytes from the peripheral blood of a cohort of 10 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) initiating treatment with rituximab (RTX) with depletion and time repopulation of such cells. Methods: Ten patients with RA received two infusions of 1 g of RTX with an interval of 14 days. Immunophenotypic analysis for the detection of CD55, CD59, CD35, and CD46 on B-lymphocytes was carried out immediately before the first infusion. The population of B-lymphocytes was analyzed by means of basal CD19 expression and after 1, 2, and 6 months after the infusion of RTX, and then quarterly until clinical relapse. Depletion of B-lymphocytes in peripheral blood was defined as a CD19 expression <0.005 × 109/L. Results: Ten women with a median of 49 years and a baseline DAS28 = 5.6 were evaluated; 9 were seropositive for rheumatoid factor. Five patients showed a repopulation of B-lymphocytes after 2 months, and the other five after 6 months. There was a correlation between the basal expression of CD46 and the time of repopulation (correlation coefficient = −0.733, p = 0.0016). A similar trend was observed with CD35, but without statistical significance (correction coefficient = −0.522, p = 0.12). Conclusion: The increased CD46 expression was predictive of a faster repopulation of B-lymphocytes in patients treated with RTX. Studies involving a larger number of patients will be needed to confirm the utility of basal expression of CRPs as a predictor of clinical response.


Resumo Objetivos: Correlacionar a expressão basal das proteínas reguladoras do complemento (PRC) CD55, CD59, CD35 e CD46 nos linfócitos B do sangue periférico de uma coorte de 10 pacientes com artrite reumatoide (AR) iniciando tratamento com rituximabe (RTX) com a depleção e tempo de repopulação dessas células. Métodos: Dez pacientes com AR receberam duas infusões de 1 g de RTX com intervalo de 14 dias. Análises imunofenotípicas para detecção de CD55, CD59, CD35 e CD46 nos linfócitos B foram feitas imediatamente antes da primeira infusão. A população de linfócitos B foi analisada por meio da expressão de CD19 basal e após um, dois e seis meses após a infusão de RTX e então trimestralmente até a recaída clínica. Depleção de linfócitos B no sangue periférico foi definida como expressão de CD19 < 0,005 × 109/l. Resultados: Dez mulheres com mediana de 49 anos e DAS 28 basal de 5,6 foram avaliadas; nove eram soropositivas para o fator reumatoide. Cinco pacientes apresentaram repopulação de linfócitos B após dois meses e as outras cinco aos seis meses. Houve correlação entre a expressão basal de CD46 e o tempo de repopulação (coeficiente de correlação -0,733, p = 0,0016). Tendência semelhante foi observada com CD35, porém sem significância estatística (coeficiente de correção 0,522, p = 0,12). Conclusão: Expressão aumentada de CD46 foi preditora de repopulação mais rápida de linfócitos B em pacientes tratados com RTX. Estudos com um número maior de pacientes serão necessários para confirmar a utilidade da expressão basal das PRC como preditora de resposta clínica.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/sangue , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Infusões Intravenosas , Esquema de Medicação , Linfócitos B/efeitos dos fármacos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Resultado do Tratamento , Antirreumáticos/farmacologia , Rituximab/farmacologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(11): e5620, 2016. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-797890

RESUMO

Cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) is a negative regulator of T cell activation, which competes with CD28 for B7.1/B7.2 binding, and which has a greater affinity. Fusion of specific antigens to extracellular domain of CTLA4 represents a promising approach to increase the immunogenicity of DNA vaccines. In this study, we evaluated this interesting approach for CTLA4 enhancement on prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA)-specific immune responses and its anti-tumor effects in a prostate cancer mouse model. Consequently, we constructed a DNA vaccine containing the PSCA and the CTLA-4 gene. Vaccination with the CTLA4-fused DNA not only induced a much higher level of anti-PSCA antibody, but also increased PSCA-specific T cell response in mice. To evaluate the anti-tumor efficacy of the plasmids, murine models with PSCA-expressing tumors were generated. After injection of the tumor-bearing mouse model, the plasmid carrying the CTLA4 and PSCA fusion gene showed stronger inhibition of tumor growth than the plasmid expressing PSCA alone. These observations emphasize the potential of the CTLA4-fused DNA vaccine, which could represent a promising approach for tumor immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Camundongos , Antígenos de Neoplasias/uso terapêutico , Vacinas Anticâncer/uso terapêutico , Antígeno CTLA-4/uso terapêutico , Proteínas de Neoplasias/uso terapêutico , Plasmídeos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Vacinas de DNA/uso terapêutico , Antígenos de Neoplasias/imunologia , Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Vacinas Anticâncer/imunologia , Antígeno CTLA-4/genética , Antígeno CTLA-4/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/imunologia , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/metabolismo , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/uso terapêutico , Proteínas de Neoplasias/imunologia , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Plasmídeos/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/imunologia , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/uso terapêutico , Vacinas de DNA/genética
3.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 41(5): 849-858, Sept.-Oct. 2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-767051

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction and Objectives: Reactive Stroma (RStr) is observed in many human cancers and is related to carcinogenesis. The objectives of the present study were to stablish a relationship of the RStr microenvironment with prostate cancer (Pca) through a morphological and molecular characterization, and to identify a possible relationship between RStr with worse prognosis factors and occurrence of malignant prostatic stem cells. Materials and Methods: Forty prostatic samples were selected from men with Pca diagnosis submitted to radical prostatectomy; they were divided in two groups: Group-1 (n=20): samples without reactive stroma; Group-2 (n=20): samples of PCa with intense stroma reaction. Prostatic samples were evaluated for RStr intensity by Masson Trichromic stain and posteriorly submitted to histopathological and immunohistochemistry analysis for antigens: α-actin, vimentin, IGF-1, MMP-2, FGF-2, C-Myc, PSCA, AR, Erα and ERβ. Results: Reactive stroma with intense desmoplastic reactivity was significantly more frequent in intermediate (Gleason 7, 3+4) and high grade tumors (Gleason 7, 4+3). The group with intense stromal reactivity showed significant higher levels of Vimentin, IGF-1, MMP-2, FGF-2, C-Myc, PSCA and ERα. Conclusions: It can be concluded that RStr may be a predictive marker of Pca progression, since it was associated with increase of growth factors, imbalance of androgen and estrogen receptors and presence of malign prostatic stem cells.


Assuntos
Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Células Estromais/patologia , Actinas/análise , Adenocarcinoma/química , Antígenos de Neoplasias/análise , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Progressão da Doença , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/análise , Células Epiteliais/química , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/análise , /análise , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/análise , Imuno-Histoquímica , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/análise , /análise , Gradação de Tumores , Proteínas de Neoplasias/análise , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/química , Neoplasias da Próstata/química , Células Estromais/química , Microambiente Tumoral , Fatores de Transcrição/análise , Vimentina/análise
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(5): 384-393, 02/05/2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-709441

RESUMO

Recognition of pathogens is performed by specific receptors in cells of the innate immune system, which may undergo modulation during the continuum of clinical manifestations of sepsis. Monocytes and neutrophils play a key role in host defense by sensing and destroying microorganisms. This study aimed to evaluate the expression of CD14 receptors on monocytes; CD66b and CXCR2 receptors on neutrophils; and TLR2, TLR4, TLR5, TLR9, and CD11b receptors on both cell types of septic patients. Seventy-seven septic patients (SP) and 40 healthy volunteers (HV) were included in the study, and blood samples were collected on day zero (D0) and after 7 days of therapy (D7). Evaluation of the cellular receptors was carried out by flow cytometry. Expression of CD14 on monocytes and of CD11b and CXCR2 on neutrophils from SP was lower than that from HV. Conversely, expression of TLR5 on monocytes and neutrophils was higher in SP compared with HV. Expression of TLR2 on the surface of neutrophils and that of TLR5 on monocytes and neutrophils of SP was lower at D7 than at D0. In addition, SP who survived showed reduced expression of TLR2 and TLR4 on the surface of neutrophils at D7 compared to D0. Expression of CXCR2 for surviving patients was higher at follow-up compared to baseline. We conclude that expression of recognition and cell signaling receptors is differentially regulated between SP and HV depending on the receptor being evaluated.


Assuntos
Adulto , Idoso , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Quimiocinas/sangue , Integrinas/sangue , Monócitos/química , Neutrófilos/química , Sepse/imunologia , Receptores Toll-Like/sangue , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antígenos CD/sangue , /sangue , /sangue , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/sangue , Citometria de Fluxo , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/sangue , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Imunofenotipagem , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , /sangue , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Sepse/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Receptor Toll-Like 9/sangue , /sangue , /sangue , /sangue
5.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 108(6): 755-762, set. 2013. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-685485

RESUMO

Currently, several assays can confirm acute dengue infection at the point-of-care. However, none of these assays can predict the severity of the disease symptoms. A prognosis test that predicts the likelihood of a dengue patient to develop a severe form of the disease could permit more efficient patient triage and treatment. We hypothesise that mRNA expression of apoptosis and innate immune response-related genes will be differentially regulated during the early stages of dengue and might predict the clinical outcome. Aiming to identify biomarkers for dengue prognosis, we extracted mRNA from the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of mild and severe dengue patients during the febrile stage of the disease to measure the expression levels of selected genes by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The selected candidate biomarkers were previously identified by our group as differentially expressed in microarray studies. We verified that the mRNA coding for CFD, MAGED1, PSMB9, PRDX4 and FCGR3B were differentially expressed between patients who developed clinical symptoms associated with the mild type of dengue and patients who showed clinical symptoms associated with severe dengue. We suggest that this gene expression panel could putatively serve as biomarkers for the clinical prognosis of dengue haemorrhagic fever.


Assuntos
Humanos , Antígenos de Neoplasias/genética , Cisteína Endopeptidases/genética , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Peroxirredoxinas/genética , Receptores de IgG/genética , Receptores de Interleucina-1/genética , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Dengue Grave/diagnóstico , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Biomarcadores , Expressão Gênica , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/genética , Imunidade Inata/genética , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/patologia , Análise em Microsséries , Prognóstico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , RNA Mensageiro/isolamento & purificação , Sorotipagem
6.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 28(3): 182-188, set. 2012. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-656313

RESUMO

Introduction: Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma (MPM) is a tumor of the mesothelial cells related to asbestos exposure. This malignancy is extremely aggressive, with poor response to different treatment modalities, and it has a mean survival of 8 months since diagnosis. With the introduction of new chemotherapeutic agents and trimodality protocols, five-year survival of 40 percent in initial stages has been reported. Serum detection of Soluble Mesothelin-related Protein (SMRP) could be used for screening of MPM. Using the MESOMARK® test, 53 percent of MPM patients had levels greater than 1,5 nM, while 99 percent of control patients had lower concentrations. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of this test in Chile and determine its utility for screening ofMPM. Methods: Quantitative blind measurement of serum SMRP by MESOMARK® test. We studied 3 groups: 8 workers exposed to asbestos, 5 patients with diagnosed MPM and 14 age matched workers without known exposure to asbestos. Participants were informed of the study. Results: Mean +/- standard deviation SMRP levels in the control group was 0,53 +/- 0,4 nM, 0,89 +/- 0,46 nM in patients exposed to asbestos and 10,68 +/- 10,28 nM in MPMpatients. Differences between the groups were statistically significant (p = 0,02). In the MPM group, 3 patients were found to have SMRP levels greater than 1,5 nM (17,27 nM; SD 6,95) and 2 patients normal values (0,79 nM; SD 0,32). Using a cut-off value of 1,5 nM, sensitivity of the test was 60 percent and specificity was 100 percent. Conclusions: Detection of SMRP levels allowed to identify patients with MPM, three of whom had very high concentrations. The sensitivity and specificity found is similar to that previously reported. If our results are confirmed in greater studies, SMRP detection could be used for screening of MPM.


Resumen Introducción: El Mesotelioma Maligno (MM) es un tumor de las células mesoteliales relacionado a la exposición a asbesto, altamente agresivo, con pobre respuesta al tratamiento y con una sobrevida promedio de 8 meses después del diagnóstico. Sin embargo, nuevos agentes quimioterapéuticos y protocolos de terapia trimodal han logrado sobrevidas de hasta 40 por ciento en etapas iniciales. La detección en sangre periférica de Péptidos Solubles Relacionados a Mesotelina (SMRP) podría ser útil para el diagnóstico precoz de MM. Utilizando el test MESOMARK® para la determinación de SMRP, 53 por ciento de los pacientes con MM tenían valores mayores a 1,5 nM mientras que 99 por ciento de los controles mostraron valores inferiores. El objetivo del presente trabajo es evaluar la implementación de este test en Chile y determinar su utilidad para el diagnóstico precoz en MM. Métodos: Medición cuantitativa de SMRP en suero humano por test MESOMARK®. Se realizaron mediciones en forma ciega a 8 trabajadores con exposición a asbesto, a 5 pacientes con MMy a 14 voluntarios sin exposición. Todos los participantes fueron informados del estudio. Resultados: El promedio +/- desviación estándar de SMRP en el grupo control fue de 0,53 +/- 0,4 nM, de 0,89 +/- 0,46 nM en los expuestos sin MMy de 10,68 +/- 10,28 nM en el grupo con MM; encontrándose una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre los valores de estos tres grupos (p = 0,02). En el grupo con MM, 3 pacientes tuvieron concentraciones mucho mayores a 1,5 nM (17,27 nM; DS 6,95) y 2 valores normales (0,79 nM; DS 0,32). Utilizando un valor de 1,5 nM como punto de corte, la sensibilidad fue de 60 por ciento y la especificidad de 100 por ciento. Conclusiones: La medición de SMRP permitió diferenciar a los pacientes con MM, presentando 3 de ellos concentraciones muy elevadas. La sensibilidad y especificidad encontrada es similar con datos previamente reportados. De confirmarse estos resultados en estudios con mayor ...


Assuntos
Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Mesotelioma/diagnóstico , Mesotelioma/sangue , Neoplasias Pleurais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pleurais/sangue , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/sangue , Poluentes Ocupacionais do Ar , Asbestos/efeitos adversos , Diagnóstico Precoce , Exposição Ambiental , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/sangue , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Fatores de Tempo , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos
7.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 69(4): 442-446, sep.-oct. 2009. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-633659

RESUMO

Se presentan dos pacientes (mujeres de 41 y 15 años de edad) con ausencia del receptor para el fragmento Fc de IgG, CD16b en neutrófilos (fenotipo "null"). El caso 1 fue referida al laboratorio con diagnóstico de hemoglobinuria nocturna paroxística y el caso 2) con diagnóstico presuntivo de neutropenia inmune. En ambos casos se comprobó por citometría de flujo la ausencia de expresión de CD16b, sin deficiencias en la expresión de otras moléculas del sistema de alloantígenos propios de neutrófilos ni defectos en el anclaje a membrana por glicosil fosfatidil inositol (GPI). Las manifestaciones clínicas en ambas pacientes: anemia en el caso 1 y leucopenia en el caso 2 no pueden ser atribuidas exclusivamente a la carencia de CD16b, ya que otros receptores para Fc de IgG (CD32 y CD64) podrían suplir la función de CD16b. Sin embargo, es importante tener en cuenta esta rara deficiencia (b y neutropenia isoinmune natal transitoria en niños nacidos de mujeres con fenotipo "null".


Occurrence of the rare CD16b deficiency ("null" phenotype) in neutrophils from two female patients (41 and 15 years old) is reported. The first case was referred with a diagnosis of anemia related to paroxistic nocturnal hemoglobinuria and the second case, with presumptive diagnosis of immune neutropenia. In both cases, absence of CD16b expression was determined by flow cytometry without deficiencies of other neutrophil alloantigens or defects of membrane anchorage through glycosil phosphatydil inositol (GPI) linkage. Clinical manifestations in both patients could not be attributed exclusively to the absence of CD16b, as other receptors for the IgG Fc fragment (CD32 and CD64) could compensate this deficiency that occurs in < 1% of the caucasic population. Nevertheless, it is important to take this rare deficiency into account in order to prevent isoantibody formation after eventual blood transfusions, or transient neonatal immune neutropenia in children born to women with the "null" phenotype.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Hemoglobinúria Paroxística/diagnóstico , Neutropenia/diagnóstico , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Receptores de IgG/deficiência , Citometria de Fluxo , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI , Hemoglobinúria Paroxística/imunologia , Receptores de IgG/imunologia
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