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1.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 18(1): 194-207, Jan-Mar/2015. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-736436

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Analisar os fatores pessoais associados à prevalência e duração dos benefícios auxílio-doença decorrentes de sinovite e tenossinovite (CID10 M65). MÉTODO: Estudo transversal referente aos benefícios auxílio-doença decorrentes de sinovite e tenossinovite concedidos pelo Instituto Nacional de Seguro Social aos empregados no Brasil em 2008. Dados sobre o ramo de atividade econômica (Classificação Nacional de Atividades Econômicas - CNAE divisão, classe), sexo, idade, espécie e duração dos benefícios foram coletados do Sistema Único de Benefícios. A população corresponde à média mensal dos vínculos empregatícios declarados ao Cadastro Nacional de Informações Sociais. RESULTADOS: Em 2008 foram concedidos 35.601 benefícios auxílio-doença decorrentes de sinovite e tenossinovite, com prevalência de 10,9/10.000 vínculos empregatícios. No conjunto dos benefícios auxílio-doença houve maior razão de prevalência (RP) acidentária (RP 1,2), sendo esta maior em mulheres (RP 3,3), e em trabalhadores com idade acima de 39 anos (RP 1,4). As CNAE 37-Esgoto (55,4) e 60-Atividade de rádio e TV (47,1) apresentaram as maiores prevalências, no entanto, 64-Atividade de serviços financeiros e 6422-Bancos múltiplos caracterizaram mais acidentes de trabalho (RP 3,2 e 3,8, respectivamente) e maior duração (70 e 73 dias, respectivamente). A maior duração de benefício ocorreu entre trabalhadores com idade superior a 39 anos. Tanto a CNAE-divisão 60-Atividade de rádio e TV, quanto a CNAE-classe 6010-Atividade de rádio apresentaram elevadas razões de feminilidade (RP 8,1 e 10,8, respectivamente). CONCLUSÃO: A incapacidade para o trabalho por sinovite e tenossinovite apresenta associação tanto da prevalência quanto da duração com o ramo de atividade, sexo, idade e espécie de benefício (previdenciário/acidentário). .


OBJECTIVE: To analyse the personal and occupational factors associated with the prevalence and duration of sickness benefit claims due to synovitis and tenosynovitis (CID10 M65). METHODS: Cross-sectional study regarding sickness benefit claims due to synovitis and tenosynovitis granted to employees by National Institute of Social Security in Brazil in 2008. Data on economic activity (Economic Activities National Classification - CNAE division, class), sex, age, type and duration of benefits were collected from the Unified Benefit System. The study's population consists of the average monthly employment contracts declared to the National Register of Social Information. RESULTS: In 2008, 35,601 employees were granted sickness benefits due to synovitis and tenosynovitis, with a prevalence of 10.9/10,000 employments. Sickness benefits showed higher prevalence rates (PR) for work-related claims (PR 1,2), mostly made by females (PR 3.3) and by workers older than 39 years (PR 1,4). The CNAE 37-Sewage (55.4) and 60-Broadcasting Activity (47.1) had the highest overall prevalence. However, the 64-Financial service activities, except insurance and pension funding and 6422-Multiple banks with commercial service had the highest rates of work-related claims (RP 3.2 and 3.8, respectively), and the longer duration (70 and 73 days, respectively). Workers older than 39 years had the highest durations of work disability claims. Both the CNAE-division 60-Broadcasting Activity, and the CNAE-class 6010-Radio showed a high activity ratio of females (PR 8.1 and 10.8, respectively). CONCLUSION: The work disability due to synovitis and tenosynovitis presents prevalence and duration associated with economic activity, sex, age and kind of benefit (non work-related and work-related claims). .


Assuntos
Humanos , Globinas/química , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/química , Nitritos/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Sítios de Ligação , Catálise , Cisteína/química , Cisteína/metabolismo , Dissulfetos/química , Dissulfetos/metabolismo , Globinas/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Cinética , Modelos Moleculares , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Mioglobina/química , Mioglobina/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Nitritos/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Conformação Proteica , Fenol/química , Fenóis/química , Fenilacetatos/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
2.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 37(1): 10-15, 01/2015. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-732872

RESUMO

OBJETIVOS: Verificar se a presença de agentes infecciosos no conteúdo vaginal ou cervical pode alterar os resultados dos testes da proteína-1 fosforilada ligada ao fator de crescimento insulina-símile (phIGFBP-1) e das medidas do comprimento do colo uterino (CC) pela ultrassonografia transvaginal. MÉTODOS: Um total de 107 gestantes com antecedente de prematuridade espontânea foram submetidas ao teste da phIGFBP-1 e à realização da ultrassonografia transvaginal para medida do comprimento do colo uterino, a cada três semanas, entre 24 e 34 semanas. As infecções genitais foram pesquisadas imediatamente antes da realização dos testes. As pacientes foram distribuídas em quatro grupos (GA, GB, GC e GD) e dentro de cada grupo foi avaliada a correlação entre infecção genital e alteração nos testes utilizando a análise das razões de chance (OR) e o coeficiente de correlação de Pearson. RESULTADOS: Em cada grupo, mais de 50% das pacientes apresentaram infecção genital (GA 10/17; GB 28/42; GC 15/24; GD 35/53), sendo a vaginose bacteriana a principal alteração de flora vaginal. O resultado positivo para phIGFBP-1 (GA 10/10; GB 18/28; GC 15/15; GD 19/35) e CC≤20 mm (GA 10/10; GB 20/28; GC 10/15; GD 20/35) foram os resultados encontrados com maior frequência nas pacientes com infecção genital em todos os grupos. Porém, aplicando o coeficiente de correlação de Pearson foi identificada correlação entre infecção genital e positividade para os marcadores. CONCLUSÃO: A presença de alteração da flora vaginal e de outras infecções genitais não alteram significativamente os resultados do teste da phIGFBP-1 e da medida do colo uterino quando comparados aos casos sem infecção. No entanto, é necessária ...


PURPOSE: To determine if the presence of infectious agents in vaginal or cervical content can alter the results of the insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (phIGFBP-1) test and the measurement of cervical length (CC) by transvaginal ultrasonography. METHODS: A total of 107 pregnant women with a history of spontaneous preterm birth were submitted to the phIGFBP-1 test and to measurement of CC by transvaginal ultrasonography every 3 weeks, between 24 and 34 weeks of gestation. Genital infections were determined immediately before testing. The patients were distributed into four groups (GA, GB, GC, and GD) and the correlation between genital infection and changes in the tests was determined within each group based on the odds ratio (OR) and the Pearson correlation coefficient. RESULTS: In each group, over 50% of the patients had genital infections (GA 10/17; GB 28/42; GC 15/24; GD 35/53), with bacterial vaginosis being the main alteration of the vaginal flora. Positive results for phIGFBP-1(GA 10/10; GB 18/28; GC 15/15; GD 19/35) and CC≤20 mm (GA 10/10; GB 20/28; GC 10/15; GD 20/35) were obtained more frequently in patients with genital infection in all groups. Nonetheless, when applying the Pearson correlation coefficient we detected a poor correlation between genital infection and positivity for markers. CONCLUSION: The presence of changes in the vaginal flora and of other genital infections does not significantly alter the results of phIGFBP-1 and the measurement of cervical length when compared to cases without infection. However, more studies with larger samples are necessary to confirm these results. .


Assuntos
Humanos , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Células Precursoras Eritroides/citologia , Fenilacetatos/farmacologia , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Antígenos de Superfície/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Fatores de Ligação de DNA Eritroide Específicos , Células Precursoras Eritroides/efeitos dos fármacos , Citometria de Fluxo , Fator de Transcrição GATA1 , Globinas/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
5.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 27(3): 291-296, jul.-set. 2011.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-615357

RESUMO

Durante mucho tiempo se asumió que la hemoglobina y la mioglobina eran las únicas globinas de los vertebrados. En el año 2000 se descubrió un tercer tipo de globina, que sobre la base de su ubicación preferencial en el sistema nervioso fue denominada neuroglobina. Aunque aún se desconoce su función específica, se han planteado varias hipótesis entre las que se destaca la que sugiere que puede destoxificar las especies reactivas del oxígeno y el nitrógeno. Otros estudios proponen que es parte de una cadena de transducción de señales que transmite el estado redox de la célula o que inhibe la apoptosis. Aunque algunas funciones son más probables que otras, aún no se ha establecido definitivamente cuál es la función fisiológica de la neuroglobina en los vertebrados. No obstante, no hay dudas de que esta globina tiene una función esencial, conservada y que es beneficiosa para las neuronas


For a long time, it was taken for granted that hemoglobin and mioglobin were the only vertebrate globins. In 2000, a third type of globins was discovered on the basis of its preferential location in the nervous system and it was called neuroglobin. Although its specific function is still unknown, a number of hypotheses has been put forward, mainly the one suggesting that it may detoxify the reactive oxygen species and the nitrogen. On the other hand, other studies state that neuroglobin is part of a signal transduction chain that transmits the redox state of the cell or inhibits apoptosis. Though some functions are more probable than others, the real physiological function of neuroglobin in vertebrae has not been finally established. Nevertheless, this globin has undoubtedly an essential preserved function that is useful for neurons


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Globinas/imunologia , Neurônios/imunologia , Neurônios/microbiologia , Soroglobulinas/fisiologia
6.
Rev. bras. hematol. hemoter ; 33(4): 307-311, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-601011

RESUMO

The globin family has long been defined by myoglobin and hemoglobin, proteins with the functions of oxygen storage and transportation, respectively. Recently, two new members of this family were discovered: neuroglobin present in neurons and retinal cells and cytoglobin found in various types of tissue. The increased expression of these proteins in hypoxic conditions first suggested a role in oxygen supply. However structural and functional differences, such as the hexacoordinated heme, a high autoxidation rate and different concentrations between different cellular types, have dismissed this hypothesis. The protective role of these globins has already been established. In vitro and in vivo studies have demonstrated increased survival of neurons under stress in the presence of neuroglobin and increased resistance to neurodegenerative diseases. However the mechanism remains unknown. Functions, including detoxification of nitric oxide, free radical scavenging and as an antioxidant and signaling of apoptosis, have also been suggested for neuroglobin and an antifibrotic function for cytoglobin.


Assuntos
Globinas , Hipóxia , Sistema Nervoso
7.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 108(6): e130-e133, dic. 2010. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-594333

RESUMO

Las hemoglobinas inestables son variantes estructurales de lamolécula de hemoglobina originadas, en su mayoría, por sustitucionespuntuales de aminoácidos en alguna de las cadenas de globina. Estos cambios afectan la estabilidad de la molécula,causan pérdida de la solubilidad y precipitación dentro del eritrocito, lo cual provoca su destrucción acelerada. Desde el punto de vista clínico, las hemoglobinas inestables puedenpresentar anemia hemolítica crónica de gravedad variable.La hemoglobina Evans es una hemoglobina inestable causadapor la sustitución de valina por metionina en la posición 62 de la cadena de alfa globina. Hemos identificado esta variante en una niña con crisis hemolítica aguda asociada a faringitis y en dos miembros de su grupo familiar. Éste es el tercer caso de anemia hemolítica congénita causada por hemoglobina Evans comunicado en la bibliografía mundial.


Unstable hemoglobins are structural variants of the hemoglobin molecule, mostly originated by single amino-acid replacement in some globin chains. These changes affect molecule stability, leading to loss of solubility, precipitation, and cellular lysis. Patients carrying these unstable hemoglobins may present mild to severe chronic hemolytic anemia. Hemoglobin Evans is an unstable variant originated by replacement of valine with methionine at position 62 of the αa-globin chain. We have identified this variant in a girl with an acute hemolytic crisis associated to pharyngitis, as well as in two of her family members. This is the third case of hemolytic anemia due to hemoglobin Evans reported in the literature.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Criança , Anemia Hemolítica Congênita , Globinas , Hemoglobinas
8.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 82(2)abr.-jun. 2010.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-585042

RESUMO

Se presentan 3 pacientes que acudieron al Hospital Pediátrico Juan M. Márquez con manifestaciones de exantema y fiebre. Se realizaron estudios para concluir el diagnóstico y en todos los casos los resultados fueron normales. Para arribar al diagnóstico de enfermedad de Kawasaki se aplicaron los criterios de la American Heart Association. Ninguno de los pacientes presentó complicaciones y se excluyeron otras enfermedades según el cuadro clínico y los exámenes complementarios realizados. Los 3 mejoraron con tratamiento de intacglobin en dosis de 400 mg/(kg∙día), durante 5 días


These three patients came to Juan Manuel Márquez with manifestations of exanthema and fever. We conducted studies to conclude the diagnosis and in all the cases results were normal. To arrive to diagnosis of Kawasaki's disease criteria from the American Heart Association were applied. No patient had complications excluding other diseases according to clinical picture and complementary examinations performed. The three patients improved with the 400 mg (kg/day) Intacglobin treatment for 5 days


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Globinas/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/tratamento farmacológico
9.
Genet. mol. biol ; 33(3): 445-448, 2010. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-555832

RESUMO

Methemoglobin (Hb-M) is a rare hemoglobinopathy in China. We hereby report on a family living in Yantai, East China, with congenital cyanosis due to Hb-M mutation. The proband, a 65-year-old female, presented 63 percent oxygen saturation. Both Hb-M concentration and arterial oxygen saturation remained unchanged, even following intravenous treatment with methylene blue. There was also no change in blood-color (chocolate-brown) after adding 0.1 percent KCN. A fast-moving band (Hb-X) in hemolysates was found by cellulose acetate electrophoresis, the Hb-X/Hb-A ratio exceeding 10 percent. GT transition at 131nt of exon 2, although present in one of the alfa2-globin alleles, was not found in alfa1-globin alleles as a whole. This mutation leads to the aspartic acid to tyrosine substitution (Asp76Tyr). In this family, the novel mutation in the alfa2-globin gene resulted in a rare form of congenital cyanosis due to Hb-M. This hemoglobin was named Hb-M Yantai.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Cianose/congênito , Hemoglobina M , Metemoglobinemia/congênito , China , Globinas , Metemoglobina/análise , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos
10.
Genet. mol. biol ; 33(3): 411-417, 2010. mapas, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-555833

RESUMO

Five restriction site polymorphisms in the Beta-globin gene cluster (HincII-5'épsilon, HindIII-Ggama, HindIII-Agama, HincII-PsiBeta1 and HincII-3'PsiBeta1) were analyzed in three populations (n = 114) from Reconcavo Baiano, State of Bahia, Brazil. The groups included two urban populations from the towns of Cachoeira and Maragojipe and one rural Afro-descendant population, known as the "quilombo community", from Cachoeira municipality. The number of haplotypes found in the populations ranged from 10 to 13, which indicated higher diversity than in the parental populations. The haplotypes 2 (+----), 3 (----+), 4 (-+--+) and 6 (-++-+) on the BetaA chromosomes were the most common, and two haplotypes, 9 (-++++) and 14 (++--+), were found exclusively in the Maragojipe population. The other haplotypes (1, 5, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14 and 16) had lower frequencies. Restriction site analysis and the derived haplotypes indicated homogeneity among the populations. Thirty-two individuals with hemoglobinopathies (17 sickle cell disease, 12 HbSC disease and 3 HbCC disease) were also analyzed. The haplotype frequencies of these patients differed significantly from those of the general population. In the sickle cell disease subgroup, the predominant haplotypes were BEN (Benin) and CAR (Central African Republic), with frequencies of 52.9 percent and 32.4 percent, respectively. The high frequency of the BEN haplotype agreed with the historical origin of the afro-descendant population in the state of Bahia. However, this frequency differed from that of Salvador, the state capital, where the CAR and BEN haplotypes have similar frequencies, probably as a consequence of domestic slave trade and subsequent internal migrations to other regions of Brazil.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Globinas/análise , Hemoglobinopatias , Haplótipos/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano , Anemia Falciforme , Brasil , Polimorfismo Genético
11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 42(9): 783-786, Sept. 2009. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-524320

RESUMO

The α-MRE is the major regulatory element responsible for the expression of human α-like globin genes. It is genetically polymorphic, and six different haplotypes, named A to F, have been identified in some population groups from Europe, Africa and Asia and in native Indians from two Brazilian Indian tribes. Most of the mutations that constitute the α-MRE haplotypes are located in flanking sequences of binding sites for nuclear factors. To our knowledge, there are no experimental studies evaluating whether such variability may influence the α-MRE enhancer activity. We analyzed and compared the expression of luciferase of nine constructs containing different α-MRE elements as enhancers. Genomic DNA samples from controls with A (wild-type α-MRE) and B haplotypes were used to generate C-F haplotypes by site-directed mutagenesis. In addition, three other elements containing only the G→A polymorphism at positions +130, +199, and +209, separately, were also tested. The different α-MRE elements were amplified and cloned into a plasmid containing the luciferase reporter gene and the SV40 promoter and used to transiently transfect K562 cells. A noticeable reduction in luciferase expression was observed with all constructs compared with the A haplotype. The greatest reductions occurred with the F haplotype (+96, C→A) and the isolated polymorphism +209, both located near the SP1 protein-binding sites believed not to be active in vivo. These are the first analyses of α-MRE polymorphisms on gene expression and demonstrate that these single nucleotide polymorphisms, although outside the binding sites for nuclear factors, are able to influence in vitro gene expression.


Assuntos
Humanos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Globinas/genética , Haplótipos/genética , Mutação/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Elementos Reguladores de Transcrição/genética , Luciferases/genética
12.
Rev. bras. hematol. hemoter ; 30(4): 316-319, jul.-ago. 2008. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-496246

RESUMO

As anormalidades estruturais da hemoglobina estão entre as doenças genéticas mais comumente encontradas nas populações humanas. O Laboratório de Hemoglobinopatias do Departamento de Patologia Clínica da Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas - Unicamp, localizado em Campinas, no estado de São Paulo, região Sudeste do Brasil, realizou, em seus 27 anos de existência, cerca de 130.000 diagnósticos. Entre as variantes estruturais detectadas, as hemoglobinas S, C e D-Punjab foram, como esperado, as mais freqüentes, porém um número expressivo de outras hemoglobinas anômalas, novas e raras, também foi encontrado. Esses achados estão sumarizados no presente artigo.


Hemoglobin structural abnormalities are among the most commonly found human genetic diseases. The Laboratory of Hemoglobinopathies in the Clinical Pathology Department of the Medical Sciences School of the State University in Campinas - Unicamp, São Paulo, Southeastern Brazil, carried out, in its 27 years of activity, about 130,000 diagnoses. As expected, hemoglobins S, C and D were the most frequently observed variants, but an expressive number of other abnormal, novel and rare hemoglobins, was also detected. These findings are summarized in the present article.


Assuntos
Humanos , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Globinas/genética , Hemoglobinopatias , População
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 41(2): 95-98, Feb. 2008. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-474771

RESUMO

The fetal hemoglobin (HbF) levels and betaS-globin gene haplotypes of 125 sickle cell anemia patients from Brazil were investigated. We sequenced the Gg- and Ag-globin gene promoters and the DNase I-2 hypersensitive sites in the locus control regions (HS2-LCR) of patients with HbF level disparities as compared to their ßS haplotypes. Sixty-four (51.2 percent) patients had CAR/Ben genotype; 36 (28.8 percent) Ben/Ben; 18 (14.4 percent) CAR/CAR; 2 (1.6 percent) CAR/Atypical; 2 (1.6 percent) Ben/Cam; 1 (0.8 percent) CAR/Cam; 1 (0.8 percent) CAR/Arab-Indian, and 1 (0.8 percent) Sen/Atypical. The HS2-LCR sequence analyses demonstrated a c.-10.677G>A change in patients with the Ben haplotype and high HbF levels. The Gg gene promoter sequence analyses showed a c.-157T>C substitution shared by all patients, and a c.-222_-225del related to the Cam haplotype. These results identify new polymorphisms in the HS2-LCR and Gg-globin gene promoter. Further studies are required to determine the correlation between HbF synthesis and the clinical profile of sickle cell anemia patients.


Assuntos
Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Anemia Falciforme/genética , Desoxirribonuclease I/genética , Globinas/genética , Região de Controle de Locus Gênico/genética , Hemoglobina Fetal/análise , Genótipo , Marcadores Genéticos/genética , Haplótipos , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas
14.
Biol. Res ; 40(1): 41-53, 2007. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-456607

RESUMO

In vitro suspension culture procedures for erythroid progenitor cells make it possible for us to obtain large cultures of erythrocyte populations for the investigation of globin gene switching. In this study we aimed to establish optimized culture systems for neonatal and adult erythroblasts and to explore the globin expression patterns in these culture systems. To culture CD34+ cells purified from human umbilical cord blood (CB) and adult bone marrow (BM), we respectively replaced the fetal bovine serum (FBS) with human cord serum and human adult serum. These CD34+ cells were then induced to erythroid differentiation. All the globin mRNA (including alfa-, xi-, vita-, gama-and epsilón-globin), the hemoglobin (Hb)-producing erythroid cells and the cellular distribution of fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) were identified during the culture process. The results showed that the globin expression pattern during erythroid differentiation in our culture systems closely recapitulated neonatal and adult patterns of globin expression in vivo, suggesting that our specially optimized culture systems not only overcame the higher Hb F levels in the BM-derived CD34+ culture in FBS-containing medium but also eliminated the disadvantages of low cell proliferation rate and low globin mRNA levels in serum-free medium.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Células Precursoras Eritroides/citologia , Sangue Fetal/citologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Globinas/genética , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Primers do DNA , Células Precursoras Eritroides/metabolismo , Citometria de Fluxo , Globinas/metabolismo , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Coloração e Rotulagem
15.
Genet. mol. res. (Online) ; 6(4): 799-820, 2007. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-520064

RESUMO

The construction of a realistic theoretical model of proteins is determinant for improving the computational simulations of their structural and functional aspects. Modeling proteins as a network of non-covalent connections between the atoms of amino acid residues has shown valuable insights into these macromolecules. The energy-related properties of protein structures are known to be very important in molecular dynamics. However, these same properties have been neglected when the protein structures are modeled as networks of atoms and amino acid residues. A new approach for the construction of protein models based on a network of atoms is presented. This method, based on interatomic interaction, takes into account the energy and geometric aspects of the protein structures that were not employed before, such as atomic occlusion inside the protein, the use of solvation, protein modeling and analysis, and the use of energy potentials to estimate the energies of interatomic non-covalent contacts. As a result, we achieved a more realistic network model of proteins. This model has the virtue of being more robust in face of different unknown variables that usually are arbitrarily estimated. We were able to determine the most connected residues of all the proteins studied, so that we are now in a better condition to study their structural role.


Assuntos
Globinas/química , Proteínas/química , Termodinâmica , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Modelos Químicos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína
16.
Rev. invest. clín ; 58(3): 234-236, June-May- 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-632356

RESUMO

Background. α-Thalassemia (α-Thal) has been poorly characterized at the molecular level in Mexico. Methods. 106 consecutive individuals identified in Laboratorios Clínicos de Puebla, with either hypochromia (MCH < 24 pg) and/or microcytosis (MCV < 75 fl in women or < 80 fl in man), without iron deficiency, with or without anemia were investigated in this study, along a 16 month-period, α and β-Thal were looked for, the former were characterized at the molecular level. Results. Out of the 106 consecutive cases with hypochromia and/or microcytosis and normal levels of protoporphyrin zinc complex, 48 cases (45.3%) had thalassemia (37 cases of β-Thal and 11 cases of α-Thal), whereas in 58 cases (54.7%) a definite diagnosis could not be established. Of the α-Thal cases, 8 were heterozygous and two were homozygous for the -α3.7 deletion, whereas one case was heterozygous for the α2Hph allele. Conclusions. Only few of the α-Thal alleles tested were found, thus the α-thalassemic mutations, present in the studied population, seem to be rather heterogeneous.


Antecedentes. En México, la α-talasemia (α-Thal) ha sido pobremente caracterizada a nivel molecular. Mátodos. Se estudiaron 106 individuos consecutivos identificados en los Laboratorios Clínicos de Puebla, con hipocromia (CMH < 24 pg) y lo microcitosis (VCM < 75 fl en mujeres o 80 fl en hombres), sin deficiencia de hierro, con o sin anemia, durante un periodo de 16 meses. Se investigaron α y β-Thal; las primeras fueron caracterizadas a nivel molecular. Resultados. De los 106 casos consecutivos estudiados con hipocromia y/o microcitosis, y niveles normales del complejo de protoporfirina-cinc, 48 casos (45.3%) tenían talasemias (37 de ellos β-Thal y 11 α-Thal), mientras que en 58 casos (54.7%) no pudo establecerse un diagnóstico definitivo. De las talasemias α, ocho casos eran heterocigotos y dos homocigotos para la deleción -α3.7, mientras que sólo un caso resultó heterocigoto para el alelo α2Hph. Conclusiones. De los alelos α-Thal estudiados sólo se encontraron algunos, de lo que se infiere que en la población estudiada esas mutaciones parecen ser bastante heterogáneas.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Globinas/genética , Talassemia alfa/epidemiologia , Anemia Hipocrômica/epidemiologia , Genótipo , México/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Talassemia alfa/genética , Talassemia beta/epidemiologia , Talassemia beta/genética
17.
Genet. mol. biol ; 29(4): 595-600, 2006. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-450477

RESUMO

Hemoglobinopathies are the most common monogenic disorders worldwide; however, they have never been systematically studied from a genetic perspective in Uruguay. In this study, we determined the frequencies of hemoglobin variants in Afro-Uruguayans. A sample of 52 healthy unrelated Afro-Uruguayans from the northern (N = 28) and southern (N = 24) regions of the country was analyzed. Eight individuals (15.4 percent) were heterozygous for -alpha3,7thalassemia; seven of them (29.2 percent) were originally from the southern region, whereas one of them (3.6 percent) was from the northern region; the differences between both regions were statistically significant (p = 0.016 +/-0.003). The only structural mutation detected was betaS, which is typical of African populations. Four individuals (10 percent) were heterozygous for betaS, three of them (13.6 percent) from the South, and one (5.6 percent) from the North. The betaS haplotypes were analyzed in eight individuals: two were homozygous betaS/betaS, two were heterozygous betaS/betathal, and four were heterozygous betaS/betaª. This haplotype distribution (60 percent Bantu, 20 percent Benin, and 20 percent Bantu A2) is in agreement with historical records reporting a predominantly Bantu origin for the enslaved Africans brought to Uruguay. Even though this is a preliminary study, due to the small sample size, our results are suggestive of a relatively high incidence of hemoglobinopathies in the Afro-Uruguayan population.


Assuntos
Humanos , Talassemia alfa , Globinas , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano/genética , Hemoglobinopatias , Cromossomos , Genética Populacional , Uruguai
18.
Genet. mol. biol ; 29(2): 200-202, 2006. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-432686

RESUMO

We report the clinical and laboratory findings concerning three unrelated Brazilian patients investigated for polycythemia, whose definitive diagnosis could only be established after the presence of Hb Coimbra (b99 Asp ® Glu) was demonstrated. This illustrates the importance of properly investigating hereditary hemoglobinopathies in cases of erythrocytosis because in some populations variants with high oxygen affinity may be more frequent than expected but go undetected when conventional electrophoresis is used as the sole detection procedure.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hemoglobinas Anormais/genética , Policitemia/diagnóstico , Anemia Hipocrômica/congênito , Brasil , Eletroforese , Globinas , Policitemia/sangue , Toxoplasmose Congênita
19.
J. bras. patol. med. lab ; 41(5): 315-321, out. 2005. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-428317

RESUMO

No presente trabalho abordam-se vários aspectos relacionados à natureza molecular da anemia falciforme (AF), desordem hematológica de caráter hereditário. A descoberta do polimorfismo do DNA no grupamento do gene betaS, originando diferentes haplótipos da doença, permitiu ampliar o conhecimento em torno da heterogeneidade clínica observada nos pacientes falcêmicos nas mais diversas regiões do mundo. Analisaram-se os diferentes haplótipos e seus parâmetros hematológicos, presentes em um grupo de 22 pacientes naturais e procedentes do estado do Ceará. A distribuição das freqüências dos haplótipos encontrados foi de 55,9 por cento para Benin; 41,2 por cento para República Centro-Africana (CAR); e de 2,9 por cento para o haplótipo Senegal. Esses dados, em comparação com os demais estudos realizados no Brasil, mostram associação entre os seus valores para um alfa de 5 por cento (p < 0,05). Os resultados obtidos possibilitam um entendimento mais completo da fisiopatologia desta doença e da sua complexidade clínica em nosso meio, bem como permitem um conhecimento mais amplo da AF em nosso país.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Anemia Falciforme/genética , Anemia Falciforme/sangue , Genótipo , Globinas/análise , Globinas/genética , Haplótipos/genética , Hemoglobinas Anormais/análise , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Anemia Falciforme/patologia , Brasil
20.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 133(6): 639-644, jun. 2005. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-429116

RESUMO

Background: The DNA quality for the detection and typification of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) varies according to the type of sample in which it is studied. This may affect the sensitivity and specificity of the method employed. Aim: To study the yield and specificity of HPV detection and typification in uterine cervical samples obtained by cervical brushing fresh frozen and formalin fixed tissue. Material and methods: Cytological, fresh frozen and fixed tissue samples from 44 patients (nine with low grade lesions and 35 with high grade lesions) were studied. Nested polymerase chain reaction for genes E6/E7 was used to typify HPV groups as low risk or high risk. Results: Of all the cytological samples obtained by brushing 84% of fixed samples and 43% of fresh frozen samples were positive for HPV. The yields were significantly different when comparing brushing with fixed tissue or fresh frozen tissue and fixed tissue with fresh frozen tissue (p <0.05). The frequency of high risk HPV fluctuated from 41% in fresh frozen tissue to 98% in cytological samples. Low risk HPV was detected in 16% of fresh frozen tissue and 68% of cytological samples. A mixed infection was detected in 66%, 41% and 14% of cytological, fresh frozen and fixed tissue samples respectively. Conclusions: Cytological samples obtained by brushing had the highest yield for the detection of cervical infection with HPV.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Colo do Útero/virologia , DNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Esfregaço Vaginal/métodos , Biópsia , Colo do Útero/patologia , Globinas/genética , Inclusão em Parafina , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição , Papillomaviridae/genética , Fixação de Tecidos
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