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1.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(1): 48-54, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002416

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Aim: To determine the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory factors associated with CKD in Mexican HIV-infected patients. Methods: Cross-sectional study. We included 274 patients with HIV/AIDS. CKD was defined by the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 assessed by CKD-EPI) and albuminuria criteria from KDIGO guidelines. Clinical, epidemiological, and laboratory characteristics were compared between patients with and without CKD. The factors associated with CKD were assessed by logistic regression analysis. Results: The mean age was 41±11 years, and 72.3% of the patients were men. The global prevalence of CKD was 11.7% (n = 32); 7.2% (n = 20) were defined by eGFR criterion; 7.6% (n = 21), by the albuminuria criterion; and 3.2% (n = 9), by both CKD criteria. The most frequently observed stages of CKD were KDIGO G3A1 stage with 4.7% (n = 13), KDIGO G1A2 stage with 3.6% (n = 10) and KDIGO G3A2 stage with 1.7% (n = 5). The factors associated with CKD were use of abacavir/lamivudine (OR 3.2; 95% CI 1.1-8.9; p = 0.03), a CD4 lymphocyte count < 400 cells/µL (OR 2.6; 95% 1.03-6.4, p = 0.04), age (OR 1.1; 95% CI 1.04-1.2, p = 0.001) and albuminuria (OR 19.98; 95% CI: 5.5-72.2; p < 0.001). Conclusions: CKD was a frequent complication in HIV-infected patients. These findings confirm the importance of screening and the early detection of CKD, as well as the importance of identifying and treating traditional and non-traditional risk factors associated with CKD.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar a prevalência de doença renal crônica (DRC) e os fatores epidemiológicos, clínicos e laboratoriais associados à DRC em pacientes mexicanos infectados pelo HIV. Métodos: Estudo transversal. Incluímos 274 pacientes com HIV/AIDS. A DRC foi definida pela taxa de filtração glomerular estimada (TFGe < 60 mL/min/1,73 m2, avaliada pelo CKD-EPI) e pelos critérios de albuminúria das diretrizes do KDIGO. As características clínicas, epidemiológicas e laboratoriais foram comparadas entre pacientes com e sem DRC. Os fatores associados à DRC foram avaliados por análise de regressão logística. Resultados: A média da idade foi de 41 ± 11 anos e 72,3% dos pacientes eram homens. A prevalência global de DRC foi de 11,7% (n = 32); 7,2% (n = 20) foram definidos pelo critério TFGe; 7,6% (n = 21), pelo critério da albuminúria; e 3,2% (n = 9), pelos dois critérios para DRC. Os estágios mais frequentemente observados da DRC foram o estágio KDIGO G3A1 com 4,7% (n = 13); estágio KDIGO G1A2 com 3,6% (n = 10) e estágio KDIGO G3A2 com 1,7% (n = 5). Os fatores associados à DRC foram o uso de abacavir/lamivudina (OR 3,2; IC95% 1,1-8,9; p = 0,03), contagem de linfócitos CD4 < 400 células/µL (OR 2,6; 95% 1,03-6,4, p = 0,04), idade (OR 1,1; IC95% 1,04-1,2, p = 0,001) e albuminúria (OR 19,98; IC95%: 5,5-72,2; p < 0,001). Conclusões: A DRC foi uma complicação frequente em pacientes infectados pelo HIV. Esses achados confirmam a importância do rastreamento e da detecção precoce da DRC, bem como a importância de identificar e tratar os fatores de risco tradicionais e não tradicionais associados à DRC.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Didesoxinucleosídeos/efeitos adversos , Modelos Logísticos , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Etários , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Lamivudina/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Anti-HIV/efeitos adversos , Complicações do Diabetes , Albuminúria , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Hipertensão/complicações , México/epidemiologia
4.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 14(5): 510-512, Sept.-Oct. 2010. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-570568

RESUMO

It has been demonstrated that HLA-B*5701 screening reduces the risk for hypersensitivity reaction to abacavir in HIV-infected patients. Since B*5701 prevalence varies among different populations, it is important to determine the carrier frequency prior to its use for the screening of HIV-infected patients.The aim of this study was to determine HLA-B*5701 carrier frequency in Chilean general population and HIV-infected patients referred for B*5701 typing. For that purpose 300 blood bank donors and 492 abacavir-naïve HIV-infected patients from Chile were screened for B*5701 by a sequence specific primer PCR.We detected 14/300 (4.7 percent) B*57-positive individuals in the Chilean general population, 11 (3.7 percent) were B*5701 positive, and 3 (1 percent) had another subtype.All were heterozygous,thus a B*5701 allele frequency of 2 percent was determined.Eleven of 492 (2.2 percent) HIV-patients carried a B*5701 allele. The difference between these frequencies is probably due to slow progression of HIV infection in HLA-B*5701 carriers, thus less patients would require antiretroviral therapy and B*5701 typing. Considering the usefulness of B*5701 screening, its prevalence in the Chilean general population,and the availability of a validated method,we conclude that HLA-B*5701 typing in Chilean HIV-infected patients about to initiate abacavir treatment is strongly recommended.


Assuntos
Humanos , Fármacos Anti-HIV/efeitos adversos , Didesoxinucleosídeos/efeitos adversos , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/genética , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Antígenos HLA-B/análise , Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Chile , Didesoxinucleosídeos/uso terapêutico , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Antígenos HLA-B/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos
5.
Genet. mol. res. (Online) ; 1(1): 72-78, Mar. 2002.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-417650

RESUMO

We describe the application of two different fluorescence-based techniques (ddNTP primer extension and single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP)) to the detection of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) by capillary electrophoresis. The ddNTP primer extension technique is based on the extension, in the presence of fluorescence-labeled dideoxy nucleotides (ddNTP, terminators), of an unlabeled oligonucleotide primer that binds to the complementary template immediately adjacent to the mutant nucleotide position. Given that there are no unlabeled dNTPs, a single ddNTP is added to its 3' end, resulting in a fluorescence-labeled primer extension product which is readily separated by capillary electrophoresis. On the other hand, the non-radioisotopic version of SSCP established in this study uses fluorescent dye to label the PCR products, which are also analyzed by capillary electrophoresis. These procedures were used to identify a well-defined SNP in exon 7 of the human p53 gene in DNA samples isolated from two human cell lines (CEM and THP-1 cells). The results revealed a heterozygous single-base transition (G to A) at nucleotide position 14071 in CEM cells, proving that both fluorescence-based ddNTP primer extension and SSCP are rapid, simple, robust, specific and with no ambiguity in interpretation for the detection of well-defined SNPs


Assuntos
Humanos , Eletroforese Capilar/métodos , /genética , Leucemia Linfoide/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Primers do DNA/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA/métodos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Linhagem Celular , Didesoxinucleosídeos/análise , Éxons , Fluorescência , Leucemia Linfoide/enzimologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Polimorfismo Conformacional de Fita Simples
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