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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 114(3): 243-247, jun. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-838210

RESUMO

Antecedentes/Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar si se producía un incremento de la expresión de Bax (proapoptótico) y una disminución de la expresión de Blc-2A1 (antiapoptótico) en el intestino de los recién nacidos con enterocolitis necrosante. Materiales y métodos: Comparamos a ocho pacientes recién nacidos de manera consecutiva sometidos a resección intestinal debido a enterocolitis necrosante con ocho recién nacidos sometidos a resección intestinal debido a atresia ileal. La evaluación histopatológica de la lesión tisular y la apoptosis se realizó mediante microscopía óptica y el método TUNEL. El nivel de ARNm en los genes apoptóticos (CASP3, CASP6, CASP7, Bax, BIRC2) y antiapoptóticos se evaluó con el método de matriz de RCP (PCR array). La expresión de proteínas se evaluó mediante inmunohistoquímica. Resultados: Los puntajes de las lesiones tisulares y los puntajes medios de apoptosis fueron significativamente más altos en el grupo con enterocolitis necrosante en comparación con el grupo de referencia (p < 0,01). La expresión de los genes proapoptóticos aumentó significativamente en el grupo con enterocolitis necrosante frente al grupo de referencia (p < 0,01). La expresión del gen Bcl-2A1 (antiapoptótico) disminuyó significativamente en el grupo con enterocolitis necrosante (p < 0,01). La expresión de las proteínas Bax y CASP3 aumentó significativamente en el grupo con enterocolitis necrosante (p < 0,01). Conclusión: Según nuestros datos, la alteración del equilibrio entre la expresión de Bax (proapoptótico) y la expresión de Bcl-2A1 (antiapoptótico) en el lugar de la lesión es un posible mecanismo de la patogenia en recién nacidos que presentan enterocolitis necrosante.


Background/Aim. The aim of the present study was to find out if there is an increase in the expression of pro-apoptotic Bax and reduction in expression of anti-apoptotic Blc-2A1 in newborn intestines with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Material and Methods. We compared 8 consecutive newborn patients undergoing bowel resection for NEC with 8 neonates undergoing intestinal resection for ileal atresia. Histopathological evaluation of tissue injury and apoptosis was performed by using light microscopic examination and TUNEL method. The mRNA level of apoptotic (CASP3, CASP6, CASP7, Bax, BIRC2) and anti-apoptotic genes were evaluated by PCR array method. Protein expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry. Results. Tissue injury scores and mean apoptosis scores were significantly higher in NEC group when compared with control group (p <0.01). Expression of pro-apoptotic genes were significantly increased in NEC group when compared with control group (p <0.01). Expression of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2A1 gene was significantly decreased in NEC group, (p <0.01). Protein expression of Bax and CASP3 was significantly increased in NEC group, (p <0.01). Conclusion. Our data in humannewborns suggest that alteration of the balance between pro-apoptotic Bax expression and anti-apoptotic Bcl-2A1 expression in the site of injury is a possible mechanism in the pathogenesis of NEC.


Assuntos
Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/biossíntese , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/fisiologia , Apoptose/fisiologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/biossíntese , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/fisiologia , Enterocolite Necrosante/metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/biossíntese , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/fisiologia
2.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 140(5): 555-560, mayo 2012. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-648580

RESUMO

Background: Minor histocompatibility antigens (mHAgs) play a critical role in the immune responses associated with allogeneic stem cell transplantation, such as graft versus host disease (GVHD) and graft-versus-tumor (GVT). Aim: To determine the gene frequencies of the mHAgs HA-1, HA-2 and HA-8 in Chilean Blood Bank donors. Material and Methods: Blood from 192 blood donors was analyzed. The presence of haplotype HLA-A*02 was determined by flow cytometry. The frequency of mHAgs was determined by allele specific polymerase chain reaction in genomic DNA. Results: Sixty one participants were carriers of the haplotype HLA-A*02. The relative allele frequency HA-1H was 45%, HA-Ir 55%, HA-2V 80.6%, HA-2M 19.4%, HA-8R 49.8% and HA-8P was 50.2%. Based on mHAgs disparity between HA-1, HA-2 or HA-8, the probability to generate a GVT response in HLA-A*02 individuals was 40%. Conclusions: The mHAgs frequency in Chilean population is under Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and they are similar to those of other ethnic populations in the world.


Assuntos
Humanos , Doadores de Sangue , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Frequência do Gene/genética , Antígenos HLA/genética , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/genética , Chile , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/genética , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Efeito Enxerto vs Tumor/genética , Teste de Histocompatibilidade , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/análise , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/imunologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Transplante Homólogo
3.
Clinics ; 65(11): 1099-1103, 2010. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-571423

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Minor histocompatibility antigen HA-1 (MiHAg-HA-1) disparity between a patient and his or her human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genoidentical donor has been widely associated with an increased risk of graft-versus-host disease following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of HA-1 disparity on the incidence of both acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease in Tunisian recipients of hematopoietic stem cells. METHODS: A total of 60 patients and their 60 respective sibling hematopoietic stem cell donors were enrolled in this study. All patients prophylactically received cyclosporine A and/or methotrexate for graft-versus-host disease. An HA-1 genotyping assay was performed with the SSP-PCR method, and HLA-A*0201- and/or HLA-A*0206-positive samples were identified using the Luminex HLA typing method. RESULTS: The Luminex HLA typing assay showed that 54 patients were positive for either the HLA-A*0201 or HLA-A*0206 alleles. Among these cases, six pairs were mismatched for MiHAg-HA-1. Both acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease occurred in four mismatched patients (Fisher's p-values were 0.044 and 0.170, respectively). A univariate logistic regression model analysis showed that only acute graft-versus-host disease may be affected by recipient MiHAg-HA-1 disparity (p: 0.041, OR: 6.727), while chronic graft-versus-host disease correlates with both age and recipient/donor sex mismatch (p: 0.014, OR: 8.556 and p: 0.033, OR: 8.664, respectively). CONCLUSION: Our findings support previously reported data suggesting a significant association between HA-1 disparity and the risk of acute graft-versus-host disease following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Antígenos HLA/imunologia , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/imunologia , Oligopeptídeos/imunologia , Alelos , Teste de Histocompatibilidade , Modelos Logísticos , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/genética , Oligopeptídeos/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Tunísia
4.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 18(3)sept.-dic. 2002. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-364358

RESUMO

Se estudió la histocompatibilidad de los loci ABC y del locus D del sistema principal de histocompatibilidad mediante las técnicas serológicas de microlinfocitotoxicidad en 383 pacientes con diferentes enfermedades hematológicas. Se comparó por la técnica celular y la reactividad linfocitaria en el cultivo mixto de linfocitos (CML) de 39 de los 145 individuos idénticos para los antígenos HLA, de los estudios familiares realizados en el IHI, de los que resultaron 29 CML negativos, para el 74,35 por ciento. No se correspondieron en el 100 por ciento los estudios serológicos y celulares, ya que no se compatibilizó en todos los casos para los antígenos HLA de clase II, y en ninguno para los antígenos menores de histocompatibilidad, que influyen tanto en los resultados del CML, como en las causas de fracaso del trasplante de médula ósea (TMO) en individuos idénticos. Esto corrobora la importancia de los estudios de tipificación de Biología Molecular y antígenos menores de histocompatibilidad.


Assuntos
Humanos , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Teste de Cultura Mista de Linfócitos , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor , Biologia Molecular , Testes Sorológicos
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