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1.
Odontoestomatol ; 22(35): 52-61, jul. 2020. ilus.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, InstitutionalDB | ID: biblio-1103063

RESUMO

Con el fin de tener una mayor comprensión sobre el comportamiento biológico del mixoma odontogénico (MO), se realizó inmunohistoquímica en 31 muestras, utilizando marcadores relacionados con mecanismos de progresión tumoral (adhesión, angiogénesis, apoptosis, inflamación y proliferación celular). El epitelio odontogénico fue detectado en cuatro muestras mediante CK19 y CD138, este último, mostró expresión baja en matriz extracelular (MEC) y alta en las células tumorales. La microdensidad vascular (MDV) media fue de 7.51 y 5.35 vasos marcados con CD34 y VEGF-A respectivamente. Una alta expresión de Orosomucoide-1 y Mast Cell Tryptase se observó células tumorales y en MEC. El MO mostró negatividad para Calretinina. Este perfil inmunohistoquímico, la baja expresión para Ki-67, Bcl-2 y p53, y la relativamente baja MDV, sugieren que la actividad proliferativa, anti-apoptótica o angiogénica no representan los principales mecanismos de crecimiento del MO, los cuales podrían estar asociados a eventos como inmunomodulación y degradación de la MEC.


Immunohistochemistry tests were performed in 31 samples to elucidate the biological behavior of the odontogenic myxoma (OM), using markers related to mechanisms of tumor progression (adhesion, angiogenesis, apoptosis, inflammation and cell proliferation). Odontogenic epithelium was detected in four samples with CK19 and CD138; the latter had a low expression in the extracellular matrix (ECM) and a high expression in tumor cells. The mean microvascular density (MVD), assessed with CD34 and VEGF-A, was 7.51 and 5.35 blood vessels. A high expression of orosomucoid-1 and mast cell tryptase was observed in tumor cells and ECM, while calretinin was negative. The immunohistochemical profile mentioned above, as well as the low expression of Ki67, Bcl-2 and p53 and the relatively low MVD, suggest that the proliferative, antiapoptotic and angiogenic activities do not represent the main growing mechanisms of OM, which could be associated to other events, such as immunomodulation and ECM degradation.


Para melhor compreensão do comportamento biológico do mixoma odontogênico (MO), imuno-histoquímica foi realizada em 31 amostras, utilizando marcadores relacionados aos mecanismos de progressão tumoral (adesão, angiogênese, apoptose, inflamação e proliferação celular). Epitélio odontogênico foi detectado em quatro amostras por CK19 e CD138, o último mostrou baixa expressão na matriz extracelular (MEC) e alta em células tumorais. A microdensidade vascular (MDV) média foi de 7.51 e 5.35 vasos marcados com CD34 e VEGF-A, respectivamente. Uma alta expressão de Orosomucoide-1 e Mast Cell Tryptase foi observada nas células tumorais e na MEC. O MO mostrou negatividade para Calretinina. O perfil imuno-histoquímico mencionado acima, a baixa expressão de Ki-67, Bcl-2 e p53 e a relativamente baixa MDV, sugerem que a atividade proliferativa, anti-apoptótica ou angiogênica não representam os principais mecanismos de crescimento do MO, os quais poderiam estar associados com eventos como imunomodulação e degradação da MEC.


Assuntos
Imuno-Histoquímica , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Mixoma , Neovascularização Patológica
3.
Appl. cancer res ; 40(4): [1-12], 01 june 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103878

RESUMO

Background: Next-generation sequencing (NGS) based assay for finding an actionable driver in non-small-cell lung cancer is a less used modality in clinical practice. With a long list of actionable targets, limited tissue, arduous single-gene assays, the alternative of NGS for broad testing in one experiment looks attractive. We report here our experience with NGS for biomarker testing in hundred advanced lung cancer patients. Methods: Predictive biomarker testing was performed using the Ion AmpliSeq™ Cancer Hotspot Panel V2 (30 tumors) and Oncomine™ Solid Tumor DNA and Oncomine™ Solid Tumor Fusion Transcript kit (70 tumors) on IonTorrent sequencing platform. Results: One-seventeen distinct aberrations were detected across 29 genes in eighty-six tumors. The most commonly mutated genes were TP53 (43% cases), EGFR (23% cases) and KRAS (17% cases). Thirty-four patients presented an actionable genetic variant for which targeted therapy is presently available, and fifty-two cases harbored non-actionable variants with the possibility of recruitment in clinical trials. NGS results were validated by individual tests for detecting EGFR mutation, ALK1 rearrangement, ROS1 fusion, and c-MET amplification. Compared to single test, NGS exhibited good agreement for detecting EGFR mutations and ALK1 fusion (sensitivity- 88.89%, specificity- 100%, Kappa-score 0.92 and sensitivity- 80%, specificity- 100%, Kappa-score 0.88; respectively). Further, the response of patients harboring tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) sensitizing EGFR mutations was assessed. The progression-free-survival of EGFR positive patients on TKI therapy, harboring a concomitant mutation in PIK3CAmTOR and/or RAS-RAF-MAPK pathway gene and/or TP53 gene was inferior to those with sole-sensitizing EGFR mutation (2 months vs. 9.5 months, P = 0.015). Conclusions: This is the first study from South Asia looking into the analytical validity of NGS and describing the mutational landscape of lung cancer patients to study the impact of co-mutations on cancer biology and treatment outcome. Our study demonstrates the clinical utility of NGS testing for identifying actionable variants and making treatment decisions in advanced lung cancer


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Mutação
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 247-251, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056430

RESUMO

Nine tumor and various potential biomarkers were measured and combined the information to diagnose disease, all patients accepted fiber bronchoscopy brush liquid based cytologyand histopathology examination in order to reliably detect lung cancer. The samples from 314 Chinese lung cancer patients were obtained and CK5/6, P63, P40, CK7, TTF-1, NapsinA CD56, Syn and CgA were measured with the immunohistochemical SP method and analyzed correlation of the expression of these markers with pathological and clinical features of squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and small cell lung carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and small cell carcinoma were 61 cases, 114 cases and 139 cases,CK5/6 and P63 expression were more frequent in squamous cell carcinoma, with sensitivity and specificity of 77.05 % and 96.44 %, 83.61 % and 88.93 %,and compared with adenocarcinoma and small cell carcinoma difference was statistically significant (P<0.05), The incidences of a positive P40 expression were 100 % in squamous cell carcinoma, with specificity of 98.81 %.CK7, TTF-1 and NapsinA expression were more frequent in adenocarcinoma, with sensitivity and specificity of 85.09 % and 78.69 %, 79.82 % and 93.44 %, 56.14 % and 95.08 %, and compared with squamous cell carcinoma and small cell carcinoma difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). TTF-1, Syn, CgA and CD56 expression were more frequent in adenocarcinoma, with sensitivity and specificity of 86.33 % and 93.44 %, 89.21 % and 98.36 %, 74.10 % and 100 %, 96.40 % and 96.72 %. The combined detection of CK5/6, P63 and P40 were more useful and specific in differentiating squamous cell carcinoma. CK7, TTF-1 and NapsinA were more useful and specific in differentiating lung adenocarcinoma. The impaired CD56, TTF-1, Syn and CgA reflects the progression of small cell lung cancer.


Se midieron tumores y utilizaron nueve biomarcadores potenciales y se analizó la información para diagnosticar la enfermedad. A todos los pacientes se les realizó citología en líquido con broncoscopía de fibra y examen histopatológico para detectar de manera confiable el cáncer pulmonar. Se obtuvieron muestras de 314 pacientes chinos con cáncer de pulmón y CK5 / 6, P63, P40, CK7, TTF-1, Napsina A, CD56, Syn y CgA se midieron a través de histoquímica SP y analizaron la correlación de la expresión de estos marcadores con características patológicas y clínicas de carcinoma de células escamosas, adenocarcinoma y carcinoma de células pequeñas en el cáncer de pulmón. El carcinoma de células escamosas, el adenocarcinoma y el carcinoma de células pequeñas fueron 61 casos, 114 casos y 139 casos, respectivamente, la expresión de CK5 / 6 y P63 fueron más frecuentes en el carcinoma de células escamosas, con una sensibilidad y especificidad del 77,05 % y 96,44 %, 83,61 % y 88,93 %, y en comparación con el adenocarcinoma y el carcinoma de células pequeñas, la diferencia fue estadísticamente significativa (P <0,05). La incidencia de ap la expresión positiva P40 fue del 100 % en el carcinoma de células escamosas, con una especificidad del 98,81 %. La expresión de CK7, TTF-1 y NapsinA fueron más frecuentes en el adenocarcinoma, con una sensibilidad y especificidad del 85,09 % y 78,69 %, 79,82 % y 93,44 %, 56,14 % y 95,08 %, y en comparación con el carcinoma de células escamosas y la diferencia de carcinoma de células pequeñas fue estadísticamente significativa (P <0,05) .TTF-1, Syn, CgA y la expresión de CD56 fueron más frecuentes en adenocarcinoma, con sensibilidad y especificidad de 86.33 % y 93.44 %, 89.21 % y 98.36 %, 74.10 % y 100 %, 96.40 % y 96.72 %. La detección combinada de CK5 / 6, P63 y P40 fue más útil y específica en la diferenciación del carcinoma de células escamosas. CK7, TTF-1 y NapsinA fueron más útiles y específicos para diferenciar el adenocarcinoma de pulmón. El deterioro de CD56, TTF-1, Syn y CgA refleja la progresión del cáncer de pulmón de células pequeñas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Carcinoma/metabolismo , Carcinoma/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Imuno-Histoquímica , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/patologia , Antígeno CD56/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Queratinas Tipo II/metabolismo , Queratina-7/metabolismo , Fator Nuclear 1 de Tireoide/metabolismo
5.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 24(1): 73-79, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090558

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction Papillary and follicular thyroid carcinoma are common head and neck cancers. This cancer expresses a thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor that plays a role as a cancer stimulant substance. This hormone has a diagnostic value in the management of thyroid carcinoma. Objective The present study aimed to determine the difference in TSH levels between differentiated thyroid carcinoma and benign thyroid enlargement. Methods The present research design was a case-control study. The subjects were patients with thyroid enlargement who underwent thyroidectomies at the Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Thyroid stimulating hormone levels were mea- sured before the thyroidectomies. The inclusion criteria for the case group were: 1) differentiated thyroid carcinoma, and 2) complete data; while the inclusion criteria for the control group were: 1) benign thyroid enlargement, and 2) complete data. The exclusion criteria for both groups were: 1) patients suffering from thyroid hormone disorders requiring therapy before thyroidectomy surgery, 2) patients receiving thyroid suppression therapy before the thyroidectomy was performed, and 3) patients suffering from severe chronic diseases such as renal insufficiency, and severe liver disease. Results There were 40 post-thyroidectomy case group patients and 40 post-thyroidect- omy control group patients. There were statistically significant differences in TSH levels between the groups with differentiated thyroid carcinoma and benign thyroid enlargement (p = 0.001; odds ratio [OR] = 8.42; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.19-36.50). Conclusion Based on these results, it can be concluded that there were significant differences in TSH levels between the groups with differentiated thyroid carcinoma and benign thyroid enlargement.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Tireotropina/sangue , Adenocarcinoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/diagnóstico , Tireoidectomia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Adenocarcinoma Folicular/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/patologia
6.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(1): 290-294, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1088932

RESUMO

The objective of the present study was to analyze the serum levels of the tumor marker Ca15.3 in healthy bitches and those with mammary neoplasms, correlating results with tumor type, clinical staging, time until presentation, and presence of ulceration and vascularization. For the study, 30 bitches with mammary tumors and 30 healthy bitches (control group) were selected. Histopathology was performed for identification of tumor type, and blood was collected for measurement of serum concentration of the marker via the chemiluminescence method using a commercial kit. A higher frequency of malignant neoplasms was observed (76.7%), with a higher quantity of carcinoma in mixed tumor (26.7%). Regarding serum concentration of the marker Ca15.3, there was no difference in serum values when comparing the means from bitches with neoplasia and healthy bitches, nor when comparing the other characteristics. The majority of results for serum concentration of Ca15.3, whether in bitches with neoplasia or in healthy bitches, was zero. It is concluded that the measurement of the marker Ca15.3 using the chemiluminescence method and commercial kits for humans did not offer significant results that would make this method or this marker a useful tool for patient monitoring and evaluation of the prognosis of bitches with mammary neoplasms.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais , Mucina-1/administração & dosagem , Luminescência , Eletroquimioterapia/veterinária
7.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 43: 32-40, Jan. 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087567

RESUMO

Background: TP73 antisense RNA 1 (TP73-AS1), a newly discovered long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), has been reported to be upregulated in various kinds of tumors, and shows a variable influence on living quality and prognosis of patients. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the overall prognostic value of the lncRNA TP73-AS1 in cancer patients. Results: A systematic literature retrieval was carried out using the PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases. We calculated the pooled hazard ratio (HR) and odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to evaluate the association of TP73-AS1 expression with prognostic and clinicopathological parameters. A total of 15 studies including 1057 cancer patients were finally selected for the meta-analysis. The results demonstrated that high TP73-AS1 expression was significantly associated with shorter overall survival (OS) (HR = 1.97, 95% CI: 1.68­2.31, P b 0.001). According to a fixed-effects or random-effects model, elevated TP73-AS1 expression markedly predicted advanced clinical stage (OR = 3.30, 95% CI: 2.35­4.64, P b 0.001), larger tumor size (OR = 2.37, 95% CI: 1.75­3.22, P b 0.001), earlier lymph node metastasis (OR = 3.28, 95% CI: 1.59­6.76, P = 0.001), and distant metastasis (OR = 4.94, 95% CI: 2.61­9.37, P b 0.001). Conclusions: High lncRNA TP73-AS1 expression appears to be predictive of a worse OS and clinicopathologic features for patients with various types of malignant tumors. These results provide a basis for utilizing TP73- AS1 expression as an unfavorable indicator to predict survival outcomes.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias/genética , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética
8.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(3): 407-416, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114915

RESUMO

El adenocarcinoma NOS (no especificado de otra manera) es un tumor salival sin patrón especial poco mencionado en la literatura; su diagnóstico es un desafío porque estructuralmente no se identifica con otros carcinomas salivales más definidos. Por otro lado, Ki67 es un marcador de proliferación celular que brinda información pronóstica de las neoplasias. En cuanto a la mucina humana transmembrana MUC-1 se sobre-expresa en las neoplasias malignas perdiendo su localización exclusivamente apical. Presentamos dos casos de adenocarcinoma NOS diagnosticados con H/E y correlacionamos la expresión de Ki67 y la localización y sobreexpresión de MUC-1 con su grado histológico y pronóstico. Cortes histológicos de dos adenocarcinomas NOS de parótida en mujeres de 62 y 63 años respectivamente se colorearon con H/E e inmunomarcaron para Ki67 y MUC-1. En ambos tumores predominaban estructuras ductales, algunas quísticas, cordones celulares ramificados e islotes sólidos. Las formaciones glandulares presentaban células claras y algunas de aspecto oncocítico. Había importante atipia celular, comedonecrosis, invasión perineural, áreas hemorrágicas y compromiso de los márgenes quirúrgicos. La marcación nuclear con Ki67 fue importante; MUC-1 presentó una fuerte coloración en membranas y citoplasmas. Las dos lesiones se diagnosticaron como de alto grado de malignidad. Nuestros resultados demuestran que existe una importante proliferación marcada con Ki67 y una sobre-expresión de MUC-1 asociadas a atipia celular, infiltración perineural, necrosis y compromiso de márgenes quirúrgicos, factores asociados a un peor pronóstico. El reconocimiento de este tumor es trascendente para médicos y odontólogos ya que por la ausencia de rasgos distintivos que sí presentan otros carcinomas más específicos es fundamental el diagnóstico de exclusión.


Adenocarcinoma NOS (not otherwise specified) is a no special pattern salivary tumor briefly mentioned in the literature; its diagnosis is a challenge because structurally it is not identified with other more definite salivary carcinomas. On the other hand, Ki67 is a marker of cellular proliferation that provides prognostic information of neoplasms. As for human transmembrane mucin, MUC-1 is overexpressed in malignant neoplasms, losing their exclusively apical location. We present two cases of adenocarcinoma NOS diagnosed with H/E and correlate the expression of Ki67 and the location and over-expression of MUC-1 with its histological grade and prognosis. Histological sections of two NOS adenocarcinomas of parotid in women of 62 and 63 ages respectively were stained with H/E and immunolabelled for Ki67 and MUC-1. Both are predominated by ductal structures, some cystic, branched cell cords and solid islets. The glandular formations presented clear cells and some of oncocytic appearance. There was important cellular atypia, comedonecrosis, perineural growth, haemorrhagic areas and compromise of surgical margins. Nuclear marking with Ki67 was important; MUC-1 presented a strong staining in membranes and cytoplasms. They were diagnosed as high-grade malignancy. Our results show that there is an important proliferation marked with Ki67 and overexpression of MUC-1 associated with cellular atypia, perineural growth, necrosis and compromise of surgical margins, factorsassociated with a poor prognosis. The recognition of this tumor is transcendent for physicians and dentists since, due to the absence of distinctive features that other more specific carcinomas present, the diagnosis of exclusion is essential.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Parotídeas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Parotídeas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Parotídeas/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Prognóstico , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares , Imuno-Histoquímica , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Mucina-1/metabolismo , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células
9.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(11): 816-826, dic2019. fig, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1049970

RESUMO

Background: To investigate the potential of the phage display-identified tumor cellbinding peptide as a biomarker of epithelial ovarian cancer using phage display technology. Method: The Ph.D.-7 Phage Display Peptide Library was used to identify the specific conjugated phages with SKOV3 epithelial ovarian cancer cells, while Chinese hamster ovary cells formed the basis. After employing the rapid differential screening method invitro, the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), DNA sequencing, immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, and the competitive inhibition test of synthetic peptides were used to determine the affinity and specificity of the phages with SKOV3 cells. Results: Using bio panning, we screened the phages, showing a 3590-fold increase after the third round. A total of 61 titers of the phage were randomly selected for ELISA and 10 kinds of the phages with an optical density >0.5 were used for DNA sequencing. Clones of the phage TRRNIPN were derived from DNA sequencing based on ELISA, exhibiting both the brown granular phenomenon and green fluorescence. The specific targeted peptide TRRNIPN was incorporated in tumor cells through the competitive inhibition test. Conclusion: The results of our study indicate that the phage display identified polypeptide TRRNIPN may be an effective biomarker for the early diagnosis and targeted therapy of ovarian cancer


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Bacteriófagos , DNA/análise , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Biblioteca de Peptídeos , Diagnóstico Precoce , Relatório de Pesquisa , /terapia
11.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(2): e2094, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003087

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: determinar a expressão de neurotrofinas e seus receptores tirosina quinases em pacientes com osteossarcoma (OS) e sua correlação com desfechos clínicos. Métodos: biópsias de tumores primários de pacientes com OS tratados em uma única instituição, consecutivamente, entre 2002 e 2015, foram analisados através de imuno-histoquímica para expressão de receptores de tirosina quinase A e B (TrKA e TrKB), fator de crescimento neural (NGF) e fator neurotrófico derivado do cérebro (BDNF). De forma independente, dois patologistas classificaram os marcadores de imuno-histoquímica como negativos (negativos e focais fracos) ou positivos (moderado focal/difuso ou forte focal/difuso). Resultados: foram analisados dados de 19 pacientes (10 do sexo feminino e 9 do masculino) com mediana de idade de 12 anos (5 a 17,3 anos). Dos tumores, 83,3% estavam localizados em membros inferiores e 63,2% dos pacientes eram metastáticos ao diagnóstico. A sobrevida global em cinco anos foi de 55,3%. BDNF foi positivo em 16 pacientes (84%) e NGF em 14 pacientes (73%). TrKA e TrKB apresentaram coloração positiva em quatro (21,1%) e oito (42,1%) pacientes, respectivamente. A análise de sobrevida não demonstrou diferença significativa entre receptores TrK e neurotrofinas. Conclusão: amostras de OS primário expressam neurotrofinas e receptores TrK através de imuno-histoquímica. Estudos futuros podem auxiliar na identificação do papel das mesmas na patogênese do OS e determinar se há possível correlação prognóstica.


ABSTRACT Objective: to determine the expression of neurotrophins and their tyrosine-kinase receptors in patients with osteosarcoma (OS) and their correlation with clinical outcomes. Methods: we applied immunohistochemistry to biopsy specimens of patients consecutively treated for primary OS at a single institution between 2002 and 2015, analyzing them for expression receptors of tyrosine kinase A and B (TrKA and TrKB), neural growth factor (NGF) and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Independently, two pathologists classified the immunohistochemical markers as negative (negative or weak focal) or positive (moderate focal/diffuse or strong focal/diffuse). Results: we analyzed data from 19 patients (10 females and 9 males), with median age of 12 years (5 to 17.3). Tumors' location were 83.3% in the lower limbs, and 63.2% of patients had metastases at diagnosis. Five-year overall survival was 55.3%. BDNF was positive in 16 patients (84%) and NGF in 14 (73%). TrKA and TrKB presented positive staining in four (21,1%) and eight (42,1%) patients, respectively. Survival analysis showed no significant difference between TrK receptors and neurotrophins. Conclusion: primary OS samples express neurotrophins and TrK receptors by immunohistochemistry. Future studies should explore their role in OS pathogenesis and determine their prognostic significance in larger cohorts.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/análise , Receptor trkA/análise , Receptor trkB/análise , Fatores de Crescimento Neural/análise , Valores de Referência , Neoplasias Ósseas/mortalidade , Imuno-Histoquímica , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Osteossarcoma/mortalidade , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier
12.
Appl. cancer res ; 39: 1-6, 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-994774

RESUMO

Background: PTEN loss is observed in 20­30% of prostate cancers and is associated with a poor outcome, but clinical details of the impact of this biomarker are unclear for intermediate grade tumors. Methods: We investigated 43 radical prostatectomy-derived grade 7 prostate tumors from the Clinics Hospital of Ribeirão Preto. Tissue microarray (TMA) blocks were constructed and PTEN copy number status was determined for all patients through fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). To determine the presence of PTEN protein loss in our study cohort, we performed immunohistochemistry (IHC) in TMA sections. We then developed an automated algorithm in HALO™ to identify regions of PTEN protein loss in whole prostate scanned sections from ten patients with known PTEN deletion status by FISH. Clinical analyses were conducted to determine the associations between PTEN loss and patient outcome. All statistical analyses were conducted in R v3.4.3 with P-values below 0.05 being considered statistically significant. Results: In this study of 43 grade 7 tumors, we found PTEN deletions by FISH in 18.9% of tumors, and PTEN protein loss by IHC in 16.3% of tumors. Both techniques were highly concordant and complementary. Clinical analysis demonstrated that PTEN deletion by FISH was significantly associated with positive margin invasion (P = 0.04) and Gleason score upgrade (P = 0.001). Digital image analysis of ten representative tumors demonstrated distinct intratumoral heterogeneity for PTEN protein loss in four tumors. Conclusions: This study shows that PTEN loss in Gleason grade 7 tumors can be heterogeneous and that a systematic analysis of this biomarker using a combination of FISH, IHC, and digital imaging may identify patients with a greater risk of poor outcome (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Imuno-Histoquímica , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Estudos de Coortes , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Heterogeneidade Genética , Gradação de Tumores
13.
Appl. cancer res ; 39: 1-8, 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-994785

RESUMO

Background: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is potential prognostic biomarker expressed in many human cancers. Prognostic significance of EGFR immunohistochemical expression has not been established in prostatic acinar adenocarcinoma, therefore we aimed to evaluate the frequency of expression of EGFR in prostatic adenocarcinoma and its association with other prognostic parameters. Methods: The study included 123 cases of biopsy proven prostatic acinar adenocarcinoma treated at Liaquat National hospital, Karachi from January 2013 till December 2017. Paraffin blocks of all cases were retrieved; sections were cut and stained with haematoxylin and eosin. Pathologic characteristics including tumor quantification, WHO grade group, gleason score, perineural and lymphovascular invasion were evaluated. EGFR immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed on all tissue blocks. Results: Mean age of the patients included in the study was 69.05±8.68years. High gleason scores i.e. 8 & 9 were noted in 22% (27 cases) and 22.8% (28 cases) respectively. Similarly, 22.8% (28 cases) showed WHO grade group 5. 52.8% (65 cases) had > 50% tissue involvement by carcinoma and perineural invasion was seen in 37.4% (46 cases). Positive EGFR expression was noted in 18.7% (23 cases), while 81.3% (100 cases) showed negative EGFR expression. Significant association of EGFR expression was noted with gleason score (p-value = < 0.001), WHO grade (p = < 0.001), tumor quantification (p =0.007) and perineural invasion (p = < 0.001). Moreover, significant association of EGFR expression was also seen with disease recurrence and Her2neu over expression. Patients with low gleason scores (score 6 and 7) and lower grade group (1, 2 & 3) were less likely to have positive EGFR expression as compared to patients with high gleason score (score 9) and higher grade group (5). Similarly, patients with perineural invasion were more likely to have positive EGFR expression. Conclusion: We found a relatively low EGFR expression in our patients with prostatic adenocarcinoma; however, its association with poor prognostic parameters like high gleason score, higher grade group, perineural invasion, higher tissue involvement by cancer and disease recurrence signifies its importance as a prognostic parameter in prostatic acinar adenocarcinoma (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Acinares/patologia , Receptores ErbB/análise , Prognóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma de Células Acinares/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Acinares/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Gradação de Tumores
14.
Appl. cancer res ; 39: 1-8, 2019. Ilustr., Tab.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1015366

RESUMO

Background: The capacity for prognostic prediction of cutaneous melanoma, one of the most aggressive cancers, is still difficult due to the tumor heterogeneity and lack of reliable tumor markers. The objective of this study is to correlate, through immunohistochemistry, a Ki-67 and Kindlin-1 staining in malignant melanomas with the prognosis of the disease. Methods: A historical cohort study. Immunohistochemistry, using mouse anti-human Kindlin-1 and Ki-67 monoclonal antibodies, was performed using tissue blocks from primary cutaneous melanoma patients treated between 2006 and 2014 at our institution. Information regarding pathological data and outcomes were retrieved from medical records. Statistical analyses were conducted in SPSS version 18.0. Results: Thirty patients were included. The median age was from 50.93 ± 15.31 years old. The expression of Ki-67 was detected in all patients with primary cutaneous melanoma, while Kindlin-1 was negative in two. Kindlin expression was not significantly correlated with Ki-67 expression by Spearman's rank correlation analysis (P = 0.46), as well as the expression of both markers and the clinical stage (P = 0.34 and 0.18, respectively). Breslow, Clark and mitotic rate were significantly correlated with AJCC stage (P = 0.001). Conclusion: Other studies investigating clinical evolution are needed to further test the potential of these markers as possible prognostic markers (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Melanoma/patologia , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Coloração e Rotulagem , Imuno-Histoquímica , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Estudos de Coortes , Melanoma/diagnóstico , Estadiamento de Neoplasias
15.
São Paulo; s.n; 2019. 127 p. ilus, tab.
Tese em Português | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1008034

RESUMO

A resistência a quimioterapia é um dos principais fatores para falhas no tratamento dos pacientes com carcinoma epidermóide de orofaringe (CCEO). O regime mais frequentemente utilizado nestes casos é a quimioterapia de indução (IC) com taxano, platina e 5-fluorouracil. Apesar da maioria dos pacientes responderem satisfatoriamente ao tratamento, uma parcela deles apresenta resposta insatisfatória podendo ocorrer progressão tumoral. Outro fator crítico é a alta taxa de toxicidade, especialmente no grupo de pacientes que não se beneficia do tratamento. Até o momento, não há marcadores moleculares capazes de auxiliar na predição da resposta e evolução da doença disponíveis na prática clínica desses tumores. Este estudo teve como objetivo desenvolver um painel de marcadores para predizer a resposta da quimioterapia de indução. Para isso, investigamos o perfil de expressão gênica (22 CCEO) e proteica (20 CCEO) e comparamos os grupos de acordo com a resposta a IC (resposta satisfatória, RS vs insatisfatória, RI). A análise de transcritos revelou 200 genes diferencialmente expressos entre os grupos, sendo 87 com expressão diminuída e 113 com aumento de expressão nos pacientes não respondedores em relação aos respondedores. A partir desses genes desenvolvemos um modelo de predição com cinco marcadores (GPSM2, CPNE2, FOXRED2, BCHE e KLKB1), o qual foi capaz de classificar 100% dos pacientes de acordo com a resposta a IC. Esse algoritimo foi aplicado aos dados de expressão do TCGA e apresentou bom desempenho como marcador de prognóstico independente do tratamento. Os genes com aumento de expressão foram utilizados para identificar proteínas potencialmente secretadas possíveis de serem utilizadas como marcadores detectáveis em biópsia líquida. Esta análise resultou em quatro potenciais marcadores secretados em RI (CR1, KLKB1, FBLN1 e MOB1A) e cinco em RS (PCSK5, RET, PRPH2, CST6 e BCHE). A análise proteômica por espectrometria de massas revelou 183 proteínas diferencialmente expressas entre os grupos, sendo 127 com expressão diminuída e 56 com expressão aumentada nos pacientes RI em relação ao grupo RS. A partir dessas proteínas, desenvolvemos um classificador de predição de IC com quatro marcadores (CDKN2A, HNRNPA0, MYO1B e TXNL1), os quais foram capazes de classificar corretamente todas as amostras de acordo com a resposta ao tratamento. As proteínas com aumento de expressão nos tumores foram investigadas quanto ao potencial de serem secretadas, sendo possível identificar oito potenciais marcadores secretados em RI e 19 em RS. A análise integrada dos transcritos e proteínas diferencialmente expressas revelou apenas uma molécula em comum, o MOB1A. Uma análise in silico das vias biológicas associadas às moléculas entre os grupos em ambas as análises moleculares revelou diversas vias de regulação comuns entre os grupos de proteínas e transcritos. As principais vias canônicas alteradas estão associadas a regulação do ciclo celular, incluindo ciclo celular, transição G1/S e fase S. Este estudo revelou diversos marcadores com potencial para ser aplicado na prática clinica, auxiliando na tomada de decisões terapêuticas de forma mais personalizada. Esses achados embora promissores necessitem ser validados em uma coorte maior de pacientes (AU)


Resistance to chemotherapy is one of the main causes for treatment failure in patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The induction to chemotherapy treatment with taxane, platinum and 5-fluoracil has been widely used. Although most patients shows good response to treatment (RS), a set of cases present unsatisfactory response (RI) and tumor progression may occur. An additional critical issue is the high toxicity rate, especially for patients who will not benefit from the treatment. To date, there are no molecular markers available in the clinical practice capable to predict response and disease progress. This study aimed to develop a panel of markers capable of predicting induction to chemotherapy response. We investigated gene and protein expression profile of 22 and 20 OSCC, respectively, and compared the groups according to the response to IC (satisfactory response vs. unsatisfactory response). Gene expression data analysis from a previous study of our group, revealed 200 differentially expressed genes, 87 downregulated and 113 genes with overexpression in nonresponders compared to responders cases. Using these genes, we developed a prediction model with five markers (GPSM2, CPNE2, FOXRED2, BCHE and KLKB1) able to classify 100% of the patients according to the response to IC. This algorithm was applied to the TCGA expression data and presented good performance as a prognostic marker independent of the treatment. Overexpressed genes were used to identify potentially secreted proteins with potential to be used as detectable markers in liquid biopsy. This analysis revealed four potencial markers in RI (CR1, KLKB1, FBLN1 and MOB1A) and five in RS (PCSK5, RET, PRPH2, CST6 and BCHE). Proteomic analysis using mass spectrometry revealed 183 differentially expressed proteins between the groups, 127 downexpressed and 56 overexpressed in RI patients compared to RS group. Using these proteins, we developed a prediction algorithm using four biomarkers (CDKN2A, HNRNPA0, MYO1B and TXNL1) able to correctly classify all tumors according to the response to treatment. Overexpressed proteins with potential to be secreted were investigated revealing eight potential markers secreted in IR and 19 in RS. The integrative analysis of differentially expressed transcripts and proteins revealed one molecule in common, MOB1A. In silico pathway analysis resulted in common biological pathways in both group of cases. The major altered canonical pathways are associated with cell cycle regulation, being Cell cycle, G1 / S Transition and S Phase. Our study revealed several candidate markers with potential to be applied in the clinical practice, assisting in therapeutic decisions. Although promisor, these findings need to be validated in a larger cohort of patients (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Quimioterapia de Indução , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço
16.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(7): e201900710, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038119

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the prognostic value of 17 platelet-based prognostic scores in patients with malignant hepatic tumors after TACE therapy. Methods: In total, 92 patients were divided into death group and survival group according to long-term follow-up results. The AUC was calculated to determine the optimal cut-off values for predicting prognosis. To determine better prognostic models, platelet-based models were analyzed separately after being showed as binary according to cut-off values. Cumulative survival rates of malignant hepatic tumors were calculated using Kaplan-Meier curves and differences were analyzed by the log-rank test. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify platelet-based prognostic scores associated with overall survival. Results: Univariate analysis showed that APGA, APRI, FIB-4, FibroQ, GUCI, King's score, Lok index, PAPAS, cirrhosis, number of tumors, vascular cancer embolus, AFP, ALP and APTT were significantly related to prognosis. A multivariate analysis showed that the APGA, number of tumors, ALP and APTT were independently associated with overall survival. Conclusion: This study showed that the APGA, a platelet-based prognostic score, was an independent marker of prognosis in patients with malignant hepatic tumors after TACE and was superior to the other platelet-based prognostic scores in terms of prognostic ability.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Plaquetas/química , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Contagem de Plaquetas , Prognóstico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Curva ROC , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue
17.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1005077

RESUMO

El subtipo histológico, el estado del receptor y otros factores biológicos, afectan en gran medida la avidez de la neoplasia mamaria en la tomografía por emisión de positrones (PET con fluorodeoxiglucosa FDG). La FDG PET unida a la tomografía computarizada (CT) ha demostrado un excelente valor en la evaluación de metástasis ganglionares a distancia y extra axiales. Los pacientes con cáncer de mama en etapa temprana no se benefician de la 18F-FDG PET/CT; sin embargo, las metástasis a distancia insospechadas, pueden revelarse mediante la estadificación sistémica de los cánceres de mama localmente avanzados mediante 18F-FDG PET/ CT y esto, tiene un impacto sustancial en el manejo del paciente. La 18F-FDG PET/CT, ha demostrado ser valiosa en la evaluación de la respuesta al tratamiento y en la detección de la recurrencia de la enfermedad


Histological subtype, the state of the receptor and other biological factors, greatly affect the avidity of mammary neoplasia in positron emission tomography (PET with fluorodeoxyglucose FDG). FDG PET combined with computed tomography (CT) has shown excellent value in the evaluation of distant and extra-axial lymph node metastases. Patients with early-stage breast cancer do not benefit from 18F-FDG PET / CT; however, unsuspected distant metastases can be revealed by systemic staging of locally advanced breast cancers using 18F-FDG PET / CT and this has a substantial impact on patient management. 18F-FDG PET / CT has been shown to be valuable in the evaluation of the response to treatment and in the detection of recurrence of the disease.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mama , Glucose , Neoplasias , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons
18.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 34(3): 1-12, jul.-set. 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-985530

RESUMO

Las leucemias son un grupo heterogéneo de hemopatías con diversa etiología, patogenia, historia natural y pronóstico en las que se desencadena una proliferación clonal. La leucemia linfoblástica aguda (LLA) es el tipo de cáncer más común en los niños, se caracteriza por la infiltración de células neoplásicas del sistema hematopoyético a la médula ósea, sangre y otros tejidos. Fue considerada fatal hasta hace 30 años, hoy, la tasa de sobrevida a los 5 años supera el 70 por ciento, lo que implica que la mayoría de los pacientes puede curarse; sin embargo, la situación es diferente para la población infantil de los países en desarrollo. Se estima que la supervivencia al cáncer es entre 10 y 20 por ciento menor que para los infantes en países desarrollados. Uno de los marcadores de inmunofenotipo que ha cobrado mayor relevancia en los últimos años en el diagnóstico de LLA-B y seguimiento de la enfermedad mínima residual es el CD66c, este es una glicoproteína miembro de la familia del antígeno carcinoembrionario con función de adhesión celular y ampliamente utilizado como marcador tumoral que fue descubierto por SvenBerg a finales de los años 1970. Este antígeno se expresa en la superficie de los granulocitos y está implicado en varias funcionesbiológicas, que incluyen la adhesión celular, la migración, la transducción de señales y la regulación de la expresión génica. Este antígeno se presenta frecuentemente en varios tipos de cáncer y su sobrexpresión se asocia a menudo con pobre respuesta al tratamiento y disminución de la supervivencia de los pacientes. Diversos estudios evidencian que este marcador se relaciona con la presencia de diversas alteraciones cromosómicas como BCR-ABL, CRLF2, hiperdiploidía, que permiten orientar al pronóstico de la enfermedad(AU)


Leukemias are a heterogeneous group of blood diseases with a diverse etiology, pathogenesis, natural history and prognosis in which a clonal proliferation may be triggered. Acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL) is one of the most common types of cancer in children, it is characterized by the infiltration of neoplastic cells from the haematopoietic system to the bone marrow, blood and other tissues. Until 30 years ago, it was considered fatal; nowadays, the five-year survival rate exceeds 70 percent, which implies that most patients may heal. Nevertheless, in developing countries the situation might be different for pediatric population; it is estimated that cancer survival rate ranges between 10 and 20 percent less than those children living in developed countries. One of the immunophenotype markers that has been relevant in the last few years in the diagnosis of B-ALL and the follow-up of the minimal residual disease is CD66c. This is a member of the glycoprotein family from the carcinoembryonic antigen with a cellular adhesion function that has been widely used as a tumor marker as discovered by Sven Berg in the late 1970's. This antigen has been identified as a superficial protein expressed on the granulocytes and it is also involved in several biological functions, including cellular adhesion, migration, signal transduction and regulation of gene expression. This antigen is frequently presented in several types of cancer and its overexpression is often associated with a poor response to treatment and a decrease of survival rates for patients. Several studies have evidenced that this marker is relatedwith the presence of several chromosomal abnormalities, such as: BCR-ABL, CRLF2, and hyperdiploidy, which may help in the disease prognosis(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Biomarcadores Tumorais/normas , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Antígenos/uso terapêutico , Leucemia/epidemiologia
19.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(9): 1800-1807, set. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-976507

RESUMO

O antígeno CA 15-3 é uma proteína presente no soro utilizado no acompanhamento de mulheres com câncer de mama, essencialmente na detecção de metástases. Os objetivos deste estudo foram avaliar a efetividade e a viabilidade da utilização do marcador tumoral CA 15-3 em cadelas, comparando-se os valores do marcador entre cadelas sem e com neoplasia mamária, avaliando-se alterações nos valores do marcador após a mastectomia, e suas correlações entre o tipo histológico. Foi realizada a quantificação sérica do marcador tumoral CA 15-3 (teste de eletroquimioluminescência), em vinte cadelas hígidas (grupo controle) e vinte cadelas com neoplasia mamária (grupo teste). Os animais com neoplasia tiveram a dosagem do marcador realizada antes e 10 dias após a mastectomia. Ainda, foi realiza a citologia vaginal no momento da mastectomia e foram estabelecidos três grupos de acordo com a fase estral de cada cadela, Diestro, Proestro e Anestro. As massas tumorais foram encaminhadas para exame histopatológico. A avaliação dos dados de citologia vaginal entre os grupos Diestro, Proestro e Anestro pelo teste de ANOVA não demonstrou diferença estatística significativa entre os valores encontrados. E na análise para a comparação dos valores do marcador tumoral com os tipos histológicos de neoplasias, divididas em dois grupos, benignas e malignas, utilizando o teste de Mann-Whitney Rank Sum Test, o teste não demonstrou diferença estatística significativa visto que p>0,05. Os valores encontrados do marcador no grupo controle foram uma média de 0,19+0,39 U/mL, no grupo pré-mastectomia 1,56+0,39 U/mL e pós-mastectomia 0,66+0,27 U/mL. Em análise estatística com a comparação de grupo pré e pós-mastectomia, e do grupo controle com o grupo pré e pós-mastectomia observou-se significância com p< 0,005. Assim, observou-se diferença nos valores do marcador antes e depois da remoção cirúrgica da neoplasia, sugerindo seu possível uso como controle de crescimento tumoral pós-mastectomia individual. Porém há muita variação dos resultados nos diferentes métodos existentes, e não há ainda um padrão dos valores de referência para cada método, sendo necessários mais estudos sobre o uso dos marcadores.(AU)


The CA 15-3 antigen is a protein present in the serum, used to monitor women with breast cancer, mainly in metastatic disease detection. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of the CA 15-3 tumor marker in dogs, comparing the marker values between dogs with or without breast cancer, to estimate changes in marker values after mastectomy, and their correlation between the histological types. Serum quantification of the tumor marker CA 15-3 (electrochemiluminescence test) was performed in twenty healthy bitches and twenty others with mammary neoplasia. Bitches with cancer had the content of the tracer performed before and 10 days after mastectomy. The vaginal cytology was performed at the moment of the mastectomy, dividing the animals into three different groups (diestrus, proestrus and anestrus). All the mammary tumors were examined histopathologically. The evaluation of the vaginal cytology data of the groups Diestro, Proestro and Anestro by the ANOVA test did not show a statistically significant difference between the values ​​found. In the analysis histological types of tumor marker values of neoplasms, divided into two groups, benign and malignant, using the Mann-Whitney Rank Sum Test, there was no statistical significant difference at p>0.05. The values of the marker in the control group had an average of 0.19+0.39 U/mL, of the pre-mastectomy group 1.56+0.39 U/mL, and of the post-mastectomy group 0.66+0.27 U/mL. The statistic was performed comparing groups pre- and post-mastectomy, and the control group with group pre- and post-mastectomy with a statistical significance p< 0.005 in both tests. There was a difference of marker values ​​before and after surgical removal of the neoplasia, suggesting its possible use in post-mastectomy tumor control. But exist variation of results with the different existing methods, and there will be still a standard reference value for each method.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Neoplasias da Mama/veterinária , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Cães/anormalidades , Mucina-1 , Eletroquimioterapia
20.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(7): 641-650, July 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-949369

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the place of the transcription factor nuclear kappa B (NF-kB), which is a marker of chronic inflammation, in the etiology of the ovarian carcinoma. Methods: NFkB analysis with the immunohistochemical method has been performed. To evaluate immunohistochemical NF-kB expression in the ovarian tissue, the H-score method. H-score = ∑ Pi (i+1), where ''Pi'' is the percentage of stained cells in each intensity category (0-100%) and ''i'' is the intensity indicating weak (i=1), moderate (i=2) or strong staining (i=3). Results: It has been seen that, the mean H score is statistically significantly higher in the patient group with serous and musinous adenocarcinoma diagnosis than the two other patient groups (p<0.005). Conclusions: Factor nuclear kappa B is an important mediator that acts in the chronic inflammation. The highest expression rates are determined by the immunohistochemical method in the ovarian cancer group.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Ovarianas/etiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , NF-kappa B/análise , Cistadenoma Seroso/etiologia , Cistadenoma Seroso/patologia , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/etiologia , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Ovário/patologia , Valores de Referência , Imuno-Histoquímica , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Análise de Variância , Cistadenoma Seroso/diagnóstico , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/diagnóstico , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
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