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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 48(7): 616-621, 07/2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-751339

RESUMO

As an essential trace element, copper can be toxic in mammalian cells when present in excess. Metallothioneins (MTs) are small, cysteine-rich proteins that avidly bind copper and thus play an important role in detoxification. Yeast CUP1 is a member of the MT gene family. The aim of this study was to determine whether yeast CUP1 could bind copper effectively and protect cells against copper stress. In this study, CUP1 expression was determined by quantitative real-time PCR, and copper content was detected by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Production of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) was evaluated using the 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein-diacetate (DCFH-DA) assay. Cellular viability was detected using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, and the cell cycle distribution of CUP1 was analyzed by fluorescence-activated cell sorting. The data indicated that overexpression of yeast CUP1 in HeLa cells played a protective role against copper-induced stress, leading to increased cellular viability (P<0.05) and decreased ROS production (P<0.05). It was also observed that overexpression of yeast CUP1 reduced the percentage of G1 cells and increased the percentage of S cells, which suggested that it contributed to cell viability. We found that overexpression of yeast CUP1 protected HeLa cells against copper stress. These results offer useful data to elucidate the mechanism of the MT gene on copper metabolism in mammalian cells.


Assuntos
Animais , Humanos , Mamíferos/fisiologia , Feromônios/fisiologia , Comportamento Animal/fisiologia , Comportamento/fisiologia , Odorantes , Bulbo Olfatório/fisiologia , Mucosa Olfatória/fisiologia , Condutos Olfatórios/anatomia & histologia , Condutos Olfatórios/fisiologia , Neurônios Receptores Olfatórios/fisiologia , Feromônios Humano/fisiologia , Olfato/fisiologia
2.
Repert. med. cir ; 17(2): 72-89, 2008. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-523242

RESUMO

Las funciones de quimiosensitividad y quimiosensorialidad de la nariz humana han sido siempre despreciadas, pero el incremento de evidencias a partir de investigaciones en otras especies animales sugiere que la olfación puede servir para otros propósitos muy importantes. En mamíferos está mediada por distintos órganos localizados en la cavidad nasal, como el epitelio olfatorio que une moléculas volátiles, responsable de la percepción consciente de olores y el órgano vomeronasal (OVN) que une feromonas y origina varias respuestas sobre todo entre individuos de una misma especie. Moléculas olorosas y feromonas se unen a receptores que permiten la señal de transducción, que son codificados por grandes familias multigénicas. Esta revisión presenta la información reciente y actualizada acerca de la temática de feromonas humanas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Neurônios Receptores Olfatórios , Receptores Odorantes , Órgão Vomeronasal , Feromônios Humano , Receptores de Feromonas
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