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2.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(2): e802, mar.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093162

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: La resección anterior del recto ultrabaja laparoscópica con anastomosis coloanal evita la realización una colostomía definitiva. Objetivo: Determinar las indicaciones, describir la técnica quirúrgica y mostrar los resultados a largo plazo obtenidos en la realización de este proceder en el tratamiento del cáncer del recto bajo. Método: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo y prospectivo de 53 pacientes con cáncer del recto bajo en el período comprendido entre octubre 2007 y noviembre 2018 en el Centro Nacional de Cirugía de Mínimo Acceso. Todas las resecciones fueron llevadas a cabo por un grupo dedicado a la cirugía colorrectal, en todos los casos se realizó la excisión total del mesorrecto. Resultados: Se operaron mediante esta técnica 53 pacientes, 30 masculinos y 23 femeninos con un promedio de edad de 57 años (rango 23-81) y de ellos 42 (79,2 por ciento) después de terapia neoadyuvante. El promedio de tiempo quirúrgico fue de 195 min (rango 90-360) y las pérdidas hemáticas estimadas, de 72 mL. La incidencia de morbilidad mayor fue de 16,9 por ciento (9/53) y la media de estadía hospitalaria de 6,3 días. La media del periodo de seguimiento fue de 40 meses (rango 1-132) con una recidiva local de 9,4 por ciento (5/53) y una supervivencia global a los 5 años de 80,3 por ciento. Conclusiones: La resección anterior del recto ultrabaja laparoscópica con anastomosis coloanal es una técnica segura con excelentes resultados en cuanto a recidiva local y supervivencia global(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Laparoscopic ultralow anterior rectal resection with coloanal anastomosis prevents the performance of a definitive colostomy. Objective: To determine the indications, describe the surgical technique and show the long-term outcome of performing this procedure in the treatment of cancer of the lower rectum. Method: A descriptive and prospective observational study of 53 patients with low rectal cancer was carried out in the period between October 2007 and November 2018, at the National Center for Minimum Access Surgery. All resections were carried out by a group dedicated to colorectal surgery. In all cases, the total mesorectal excision was performed. Results: 53 patients (30 males and 23 females), with an average age of 57 years (range 23-81) and 42 (79.2 percent) after neoadjuvant therapy were operated using this technique. The average surgical time was 195 min (range 90-360) and the estimated blood loss was 72 mL. The incidence of major morbidity was 16.9 percent (9/53) and the average hospital stay was 6.3 days. The mean follow-up period was 40 months (range 1-132), with a local relapse of 9.4 percent (5/53) and a 5-year overall survival of 80.3 percent. Conclusions: Laparoscopic ultralow anterior resection of the rectum with coloanal anastomosis is a safe technique with excellent outcomes in terms of local relapse and overall survival(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Retais/epidemiologia , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Protectomia/métodos , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudo Observacional
3.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(3): 238-244, jun. 2019. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058263

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: La resección anterior ultrabaja interesfintérica (RAUBIE), permite preservar la función esfinteriana en pacientes seleccionados con cáncer de recto (CR). No obstante, puede producir alteraciones en la función evacuatoria y esfinteriana. OBJETIVO: Analizar los resultados oncológicos y funcionales luego de una RAUBIE. MATERIAL Y MÉTODO: Estudio observacional, analítico, transversal, durante el período 2007 a 2016. Criterios de inclusión: Pacientes sometidos a RAUBIE por CR con intención curativa. Todos los pacientes tuvieron un seguimiento el año 2017. Para la evaluación funcional se usó la escala de Jorge-Wexner, LARS y Kirwan. Análisis estadístico: Estadística descriptiva y método de Kaplan-Meier. RESULTADOS: De 21 pacientes; catorce (67%) fueron varones, edad promedio: 59 años. Ubicación tumoral: 4 cm (2-6 cm) del margen anal. Dieciocho (85,7%) pacientes recibieron neoadyuvancia. Todos los márgenes quirúrgicos distales y radiales fueron negativos. Un paciente (4,8%) tuvo metástasis a distancia y no hubo recurrencia locorregional. Con una mediana de seguimiento de 76,3 (9,8-126,8) meses, la sobrevida global y libre de enfermedad a 5 años fue de: 100% y 95% (IC: 90,1-99,9%), respectivamente. Con una mediana de seguimiento de 90 meses (21,7-124,2); se realizó la evaluación funcional a 15/21 pacientes. El puntaje de Jorge-Wexner tuvo una mediana de 13 (4-17) puntos, la escala de LARS de 34 puntos y en la escala de Kirwan, cuatro pacientes (26,7%) mostraron una buena función (Kirwan I-II). CONCLUSIÓN: Si bien los resultados oncológicos de los pacientes sometidos a una RAUBIE son satisfactorios, se debería tomar en cuenta los resultados funcionales al momento de proponer esta alternativa quirúrgica.


INTRODUCTION: Intersphinteric resection (ISR) allows preserve sphincter function in selected patients with rectal cancer (RC). Notwithstanding, it can produce alterations in defecation. AIM: To analyze the oncological and functional results after an ISR. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Observational, analytical, cross-sectional study, in the period 2007-2016. Inclusion criteria: Patients submitted to ISR by RC with curative intention. All the patients had a follow-up in 2017. Analysis of functional evaluation were performed by Jorge-Wexner, LARS and Kirwan scale. Statistical analysis: Descriptive statistics and Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: Of 21 patients; Fourteen (67%) were male, average age: 59 years. Tumor location: 4 cm (2-6 cm) from anal verge. Eighteen (85.7%) patients received neoadjuvant therapy. All distal and radial margins were negative. One patient (4.8%) had distant metastases and there was no locoregional recurrence. With a median follow-up of 76.3 (9.8-126.8) months, the 5-year global and disease-free survival was: 100% and 95% (CI: 90.1-99.9%), respectively. With a median follow-up of 90 months (21.7-124.2); Functional evaluation was performed on 15/21 patients. The Jorge-Wexner score had a median of 13 (4-17) points, the LARS scale of 34 points and in Kirwan scale, four patients (26.7%) showed good function (Kirwan I-II). CONCLUSION: The oncological results of patients undergoing ISR are satisfactory, however, functional results should be taken into account when proposing this surgical procedure.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Canal Anal/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Neoplasias Retais/mortalidade , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Estudos Transversais , Seguimentos , Intervalo Livre de Doença
4.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 39(2): 174-177, Apr.-June 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012593

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Surgical treatment for low rectal cancer has changed dramatically during the preceding several decades, and the optimal surgical approach remains incompletely developed. Transanal total mesorectal excision is likely the most promising approach for the dissection of the distal part of the mesorectum in a manner that allows for a technically easy and oncologically safe operation. Long after it was first described, the Turnbull-Cutait abdominoperineal pull-through procedure has recently been reintroduced in surgical practice for the treatment of patients with complex anorectal conditions. The current report describes a case of distal rectal cancer involving successful surgical treatment with a combination of the two aforementioned methods and patient discharge without a diverting stoma.


RESUMO tratamento cirúrgico para o câncer de reto baixo mudou drásticamente durante as últimas décadas, mas uma abordagem cirúrgica de excelência ainda continua incompletamente desenvolvida. A excisão total do mesorreto por via transanal parece ser a abordagem mais promissora para a dissecção da parte distal do mesorreto de forma a assegurar uma cirurgia oncológicamente segura com uma técnica simples. Muito depois de sua descrição, o pull-through abdominoperineal de Turnbull-Cutait tem sido reintroduzido na prática cirúrgica para o tratamento de pacientes com enfermidades anorretais complexas. Este relato descreve um caso de câncer de reto baixo que se beneficiou de um tratamento cirúrgico bem sucedido a partir da combinação das duas técnicas supracitadas com o paciente recebendo alta hospitalar sem ostomia de proteção.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Anastomose Cirúrgica
5.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(2): 187-191, abr. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058254

RESUMO

La derivación biliopancreática con cruce duodenal (BPD-DS) es el procedimiento bariátrico que ha mostrado los mejores resultados en cuanto a pérdida de peso y resolución de comorbilidades. Sin embargo, su adopción ha sido lenta, principalmente debido a sus complicaciones nutricionales y dificultad técnica. Dado esto, algunos autores han propuesto variaciones de este procedimiento. Estas están basadas en disminuir las anastomosis a solo una, y realizarla con un asa tipo loop (sin derivación biliopancreática). Estos cambios podrían reproducir las ventajas del BPD-DS, y eliminar algunas de sus desventajas. En este artículo, mostramos los resultados de estas variaciones comparadas con el BPD-DS, y cómo sus resultados prometedores pueden tener como consecuencia una nueva aproximación a la población que sufre de obesidad y sus comorbilidades


Biliopancreatic Diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) is the bariatric surgery that has shown the better results regarding long-term weight loss and comorbidities resolution. Nevertheless, BPD-DS' adoption has been slow, mainly due to its nutritional complications, and technical complexity. Given this, some authors have proposed surgical variations of this effective procedure. These new procedures are based on reducing the anastomosis to only one, and doing it just a loop anastomosis (no biliopacreatic diversion). These changes might bring to us the advantages of BPD-DS, and eliminate some of its disadvantages. In this article, we show the results of these variations compared with BPD-DS, and how their promising results could be a new approach for obese population and bariatric surgery.


Assuntos
Humanos , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Desvio Biliopancreático/métodos , Cirurgia Bariátrica/métodos , Duodeno/cirurgia
6.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(2): 136-144, abr. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058246

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: La dehiscencia anastomótica (DA) es una complicación severa en cirugía colorrectal con una incidencia que oscila entre 2 y 19%. La literatura internacional muestra numerosos estudios sobre la identificación de factores de riesgo (FR), mientras que en la nacional existen solo dos series que analizan esta complicación. OBJETIVO: Realizar una caracterización descriptiva de resultados institucionales y establecer la tasa de DA, sus factores de riesgo asociados y la mortalidad. MATERIALES Y MÉTODO: Serie de casos no concurrente, cuya muestra son pacientes consecutivos intervenidos de patología colorrectal con anastomosis primaria con o sin ostoma derivativo entre los años 2004 y 2016. Se realiza modelo de regresión logística univariable y multivariable. RESULTADOS: Se obtuvieron 748 pacientes, 50,5% mujeres, media de edad fue 56,2. Las indicaciones quirúrgicas más frecuentes fueron cáncer colorrectal en 381 (50,9%) pacientes y enfermedad diverticular en 163 (21,8%). La DA fue de 5,6% (42/748) y la mortalidad fue de 2% (15/748), siendo de 1% para los electivos (7/681). En el análisis univariado encontramos que los FR que tuvieron significancia estadística fueron la albúmina (p < 0,001), altura anastomosis (p < 0,001), transfusión (p < 0,001), localización (colon derecho > izquierdo) (p = 0,011), mientras que en el análisis multivariado fueron la albúmina (p = 0,002) con un OR 3,64 (IC 95% 1,58-8,35) y transfusión (p = 0,015) con un OR 7,15 (IC 95% 1,46-34,91). CONCLUSIÓN: Nuestra serie es la más grande reportada en Chile, con resultados similares a estudios internacionales y nacionales. Establecemos que la hipoalbuminemia y la presencia de transfusiones intraoperatorias se asocian a alta tasa de DA.


INTRODUCTION: Anastomotic leakage (AL) is a severe complication in colorectal surgery, its incidence ranges from 2 to 19%. In international literature, we found numerous studies on the identification of risk factors (RF), while in the national there are only two series that analyze this complication. AIM: Perform a descriptive characterization of institutional results and establish the AL rate, its associated risk factors and mortality. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Non-concurrent series of cases, whose sample is consecutive patients operated for colorectal pathology with primary anastomosis with or without a derivative ostoma between 2004 and 2016. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression model was performed. RESULTS: There were 748 patients, 50.5% women, mean age was 56.2. The most frequent surgical indications were colorectal cancer in 381 (50.9%) patients and diverticular disease in 163 (21.8%). The AL was 5.6% (42/748) and the mortality was 2% (15/748), being 1% for the electives (7/681). In the univariate analysis, we found that the RF that had statistical significance were albumin (p < 0.001), anastomosis height (p < 0.001), transfusion (p < 0.001), location (right colon > left) (p = 0.011), while that in the multivariate analysis were albumin (p = 0.002) with an OR 3.64 (IC 95% 1.58-8.35) and transfusion (p = 0.015) with an OR 7.15 (IC 95% 1.46-34.91). CONLUSION: Our series is the largest reported in Chile, with similar results to international and national studies. We establish that hypoalbuminemia and the presence of intraoperative transfusions are associated with a high rate of AL.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/diagnóstico , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Colorretal/efeitos adversos , Reto/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/efeitos adversos , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/cirurgia , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Modelos Logísticos , Análise Multivariada , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Colo/cirurgia
7.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 39(1): 33-40, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-984633

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Background: Although herbal medicinal products are being used widely throughout the World, beneficial and harmful effects have not been well documented. Our aim was to evaluate the effects of Aloe Vera (AV) on colonic anastomosis healing. Material and methods: 112 albino Wistar rats were randomly assigned into five main groups: preoperative Aloe Vera Group (P), pre- and postoperative Aloe Vera Group (PP), Control Group (C), sham Aloe Vera Group (SA) and Sham Control Group (SC). Groups P, PP, and SA received 1.6 mL/kg per day Aloe Vera by orogastric feeding catheter for 1 month prior to the experiment. Groups P, PP, and C underwent anastomosis of the distal colon, and subgroups (n = 4) of each were sacrificed on postoperative day 3, 7, 14 and 21. Anastomotic bursting pressure, perianastomotic collagen content and histopathological changes were studied. Results: The SC Group had significantly higher ABP when compared with the SA Group (p = 0.0002), although hydroxyproline content showed no difference. When ABP was compared between anastomosis groups, it was found significantly lower in Aloe Vera groups on Day 3 (P3 vs. C3, p = 0.003 and PP3 vs. C3, p = 0.007). Hydroxyproline content was significantly lower in Group PP than Group C, also on Day 3 (p = 0.05). Significant difference was not detected after Day 3 in any of the study parameters. Conclusion: Aloe Vera decreased tissue collagen content in the early postoperative period. It is advisable to call into question the concomitant usage of conventional medicine and the herbal supplements for the surgeons in their clinical practice.


RESUMO Fundamentação: Embora os medicamentos à base de plantas sejam amplamente utilizados no mundo inteiro, seus efeitos (benéficos e prejudiciais) não estão bem documentados. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar os efeitos da Aloe vera (AV) na cicatrização de anastomoses colônicas. Material e métodos: 112 ratos Wistar albinos foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em cinco grupos principais: AV pré-operatório (P), AV pré e pós-operatório (PP), controle (C), sham AV (SA) e sham controle (SC). Os grupos P, PP e SA receberam AV em uma dose de 1,6 mL/kg por dia por sonda de alimentação orogástrica por 1 mês antes do experimento. Os grupos P, PP e C foram submetidos a anastomose do cólon distal. Subgrupos (n = 4) de cada grupo foram sacrificados no terceiro, sétimo, 14° e 21° dias pós-operatórios. Os seguintes parâmetros foram avaliados: pressão de ruptura anastomótica (PRA), conteúdo de colágeno perianastomótico e alterações histopatológicas. Resultados: O grupo SC apresentou PRA significativamente maior quando comparado ao grupo SA (p = 0,0002), embora o conteúdo de hidroxiprolina não tenha apresentado diferença. Ao comparar a PRA entre os grupos de anastomose, ela foi significativamente menor no terceiro dia nos grupos que usaram AV (P3 vs. C3, p = 0,003 e PP3 vs. C3, p = 0,007). No terceiro dia, o teor de hidroxiprolina foi significativamente menor no grupo PP do que no grupo C (p = 0,05). Após o terceiro dia, não se observou diferença significativa em nenhum dos parâmetros do estudo. Conclusão: O uso de AV diminuiu o conteúdo de colágeno tecidual no período pós-operatório imediato. É aconselhável questionar o uso concomitante da medicina convencional e suplementos fitoterápicos na prática clínica.


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/reabilitação , Aloe , Cicatrização , Ratos Wistar , Colo/patologia , Medicamentos Fitoterápicos , Hidroxiprolina
8.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(7): e201900709, 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038117

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To develop a new low-cost, easy-to-make and available training model using chickens' intestine for infant intestinal anastomosis. Methods: Segments of chicken intestine were used to create an intestinal anastomosis simulator. We tried to perform an end-to-end, end-to-side and side-to-side anastomosis. Handsewn sutured anastomosis were performed in single layered with interrupted prolene 5-0 suture. The parameters analyzed were cost, intestine's diameter and length, anastomosis patency and flow-through and leakage amount. Results: In all cases it was possible to make the anastomosis in double layered without difficulties, different from the usual ones. There was a positive patency at all anastomoses after the end of the procedure, with no need for reinterventions. Conclusion: The new training model using chickens' intestine for infant intestinal anastomosis is low-cost, easy-to-make and easy available.


Assuntos
Humanos , Animais , Criança , Pediatria/educação , Anastomose Cirúrgica/educação , Intestinos/cirurgia , Anastomose Cirúrgica/instrumentação , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Galinhas , Técnicas de Sutura , Modelos Animais
9.
J. vasc. bras ; 18: e20190032, 2019. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040376

RESUMO

Descreve-se um modelo de baixo custo para o treinamento de técnicas cirúrgicas vasculares; o modelo foi montado com balões cilíndricos de látex, preenchidos com gelatina e fixados a uma placa de suporte. Foram simuladas arteriorrafias, anastomoses término-laterais e término-terminais, patch, colocação de shunt vascular e tromboembolectomia


We describe a low-cost model for training vascular surgical techniques. The model is constructed from cylindrical latex balloons filled with gelatin and fixed to a board for support. Arterial sutures, end-to-side and end-to-end anastomoses, patch, vascular shunt placement, and thromboembolectomy were simulated


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares , Educação Médica , Cirurgia Geral , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Tutoria
10.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(6): e20192361, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057183

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: identificar fatores preditivos da síndrome da ressecção anterior do reto (SRAR) que podem contribuir para o seu diagnóstico e tratamento precoces. Métodos: estudo de coorte retrospectivo de pacientes submetidos à ressecção anterior do reto entre 2007 e 2017 no Serviço de Coloproctologia do Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Federal do Paraná. Foram realizadas análises de curva ROC (Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve Analysis) ou COR (Característica de Operação do Receptor) para identificar os fatores preditivos da SRAR. Resultados: foram incluídos 64 pacientes com dados completos. A idade dos homens foi de 60,1±11,4 anos e 37,10% eram do sexo masculino. Vinte pacientes (32,26%) apresentaram SRAR. Os sintomas mais relatados foram evacuação incompleta (60%) e urgência (55%). Na análise univariada, a distância da anastomose à margem anal (p<0,001), terapia neoadjuvante (p=0,0014) e confecção de ileostomia no momento da ressecção (p=0,0023) foram preditivos da SRAR. Análise da curva ROC mostrou um ponto de corte de 6,5cm na distância da anastomose à margem anal como preditor da SRAR. Conclusão: distância entre anastomose e margem anal, história de terapia neoajuvante e confecção de estoma são condições que podem ajudar a predizer o desenvolvimento da SRAR. A orientação e o envolvimento na educação do paciente, bem como, o manejo precoce podem reduzir potencialmente o impacto desses sintomas na qualidade de vida dos pacientes.


ABSTRACT Objective: to identify predictors of low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) that can contribute to its early diagnosis and treatment. Methods: we conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing anterior resection of the rectum between 2007 and 2017 in the Coloproctology Service of the Federal University of Parana Clinics Hospital. We performed Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve (ROC) analysis to identify LARS predictive factors. Results: we included 64 patients with complete data. The men's age was 60.1±11.4 years and 37.10% were male. Twenty patients (32.26%) had LARS. The most reported symptoms were incomplete evacuation (60%) and urgency (55%). In the univariate analysis, the distance from the anastomosis to the anal margin (p<0.001), neoadjuvant therapy (p=0.0014) and ileostomy at the time of resection (p=0.0023) were predictive of LARS. The ROC curve analysis showed a 6.5cm cut-off distance from the anastomosis to the anal margin as a predictor of LARS. Conclusion: distance between the anastomosis and the anal margin, neoadjuvant therapy history and preparation of stoma are conditions that can help predict the development of LARS. Guidance and involvement in patient education, as well as early management, can potentially reduce the impact of these symptoms on patients' quality of life.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Canal Anal/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Retais/diagnóstico , Reto/fisiopatologia , Canal Anal/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/etiologia , Reto/cirurgia , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Estudos Longitudinais , Estomas Cirúrgicos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
11.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(6): 589-597, dic. 2018. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-978034

RESUMO

El linfedema es la acumulación de fluido rico en proteínas en el intersticio, secundario a anomalías en el sistema de transporte linfático. En países desarrollados se relaciona más frecuentemente al tratamiento quirúrgico del cáncer. El diagnóstico clínico y a través de técnicas de imágenes es fundamental para evaluar el estado funcional del sistema linfático. Los objetivos principales en el manejo del linfedema son limitar la morbilidad del paciente, mejorar la funcionalidad y la calidad de vida. El tratamiento quirúrgico es una alternativa cuando las medidas conservadoras ya no son suficientes. Existen procedimientos que buscan prevenir el desarrollo del linfedema y técnicas que incluye procedimientos fisiológicos (reconstructivos) y resectivos que se utilizan cuando el linfedema ya está establecido. El éxito depende de una buena elección de los pacientes y la realización de un tratamiento individualizado. A continuación se presenta una revisión en cuanto a las últimas estrategias diagnósticas y actualización en las técnicas quirúrgicas con énfasis en el tratamiento microquirúrgico.


Lymphedema is the accumulation of protein-rich fluid in the interstitium, secondary to abnormalities in the lymphatic transport system. In developed countries it is more often related to surgical treatment of cancer. The clinical diagnosis and through imaging techniques is fundamental to evaluate the functional status of the lymphatic system. The main objectives in managing lymphedema are to limit patient morbidity, improve functionality and quality of life. Surgical treatment is an option when conservative measures are no longer sufficient. There are procedures that seek to prevent the development of lymphedema, and techniques that include physiological (reconstructive) and resective procedures that are used when lymphedema is already established. Success depends on a good selection of patients and the completion of an individualized treatment. The following is a review article of the latest diagnostic strategies and update in surgical techniques with emphasis on microsurgical treatment.


Assuntos
Humanos , Linfedema/cirurgia , Linfedema/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias/cirurgia , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Linfografia , Meios de Contraste , Vasos Linfáticos/cirurgia , Linfocintigrafia , Verde de Indocianina , Linfonodos/irrigação sanguínea , Linfonodos/transplante , Linfedema/terapia , Microcirurgia
12.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 57(4): e715, oct.-dic. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-991049

RESUMO

Introducción: La enfermedad diverticular del colon es una entidad de reciente aparición, con un aumento manifiesto en el siglo XX. El manejo quirúrgico más apropiado ha sido siempre controvertido con respecto a su estado más grave: la diverticulitis. Existen principalmente dos opciones terapéuticas: la cirugía de Hartmann y la resección con anastomosis primaria. Objetivo: Evaluar las opciones terapéuticas para la peritonitis diverticular de colon izquierdo Grado III de Hinchey. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, de serie de casos, a partir de la discusión e implementación de un método de tratamiento estándar aplicado a esa patología en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico de Holguín desde 2014 hasta 2016. El universo y la muestra coinciden con 78 pacientes intervenidos. Resultados: El proceder quirúrgico más utilizado fue la resección con anastomosis primaria. La mayor parte de las intervenciones tuvo una duración de más de 2 horas. El proceder de Hartmann fue el que más complicaciones y mortalidad posoperatorias presentó. Conclusiones: Se determinó que entre las técnicas quirúrgicas actuales para el tratamiento de la diverticulitis Grado III de Hinchey. El proceder de RAP constituye la terapéutica más adecuada(AU)


Introduction: The diverticular disease of the colon is a recent ailment having remarkable increase in the 20th century. The most appropriate surgical management of this disease has always been a topic of controversy about its most severe condition, that is, diverticulitis. There are two main therapeutic options: Hartmann's surgery and primary anastomosis resection. Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic options for Hinchey III left-sided colon diverticular peritonitis. Methods: A descriptive case-series study was conducted on the basis of discussion and implementation of a standard method of treatment used for this pathology in the Clinical and Surgical Hospital of Holguin from 2014 to 2016. The universe and the sample were the same, with 78 surgical patients. Results: The most used surgical procedure was primary anastomosis resection. Most of the interventions lasted more than 2 hours. Hartmann's procedure was the one with more complications and high postoperative mortality. Conclusions: Among the current surgical techniques for the treatment of Hinchey III diverticulitis, it was established that the primary anastomosis resection is the most adequate therapy(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Peritonite/terapia , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Doença Diverticular do Colo/cirurgia , Epidemiologia Descritiva
13.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(10): 914-923, Oct. 2018. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-973467

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the most frequent surgical techniques of high-risk colorectal anastomoses in rats. Methods: Wistar rats were enrolled in three different models comprising inflammatory (TNBS enema), vascular (portal vein occlusion) or obstructive (a non-ischemic constricting ring) mechanisms associated with colonic anastomosis that had accomplished after these former lesions. Histological analyses (Hematoxylin and eosin and Picrosirius red) were performed. Results: All anastomoses techniques were associated with risk factors and had complications, mainly anastomotic leakage. In Study 1, the use of a pharmacological agent, trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) mimicked an inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn's disease with 50% of anastomosis leakage, the higher percentage among all models tested. In Study 2, after portal ischemia followed by reperfusion it was observed a dense neutrophil infiltrate in the midst of necrotic tissue and fibrin at the anastomotic site and 5 days after the anastomosis, no collagen was produced. In Study 3, 5 days after the mechanical obstruction some denuded areas of epithelium with marked oedema of mucosa and submucosa were seen, at the anastomotic site and anastomosis group showed some reduction of collagen density when compared with Control/Sham group. Conclusion: All the experimental surgical techniques tested in rats were associated with high-risk colorectal anastomoses and were useful to study colonic anastomotic healing and intestinal leakage.


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Reto/cirurgia , Colo/cirurgia , Fístula Anastomótica/patologia , Fístula Anastomótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Cicatrização , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Ratos Wistar , Modelos Animais de Doenças
14.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(8): 673-683, Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-949378

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of the cellulosic exopolysaccharide membrane (CEM) as a urethral reinforcement for urethrovesical anastomosis. Methods: Twenty eight rabbits were submitted to urethrovesical anastomosis with or without CEM reinforcement. The animals were divided into 4 groups: C7, CEM7, C14 and CEM14: (C= only anastomosis or CEM = anastomosis + CEM), evaluated after 7 weeks, and 14 weeks. The biointegration and biocompatibility of CEM were evaluated according to stenosis, fistula, urethral wall thickness, urethral epithelium, rate of inflammation and vascularization. Results: Between the two experimental groups, the difference in the number of stenosis or urinary fistula was not statistically significant. The morphometric analysis revealed preservation of urethral lumen, well adhered CEM without extrusion, a controlled inflammatory process and implant vascularization. The urothelium height remained constant over time after CEM reinforcement and the membrane wall was thicker, statistically, after 14 weeks. Conclusion: The absence of extrusion, stenosis or urinary fistula after 14 weeks of urethrovesical anastomosis demonstrates cellulosic exopolysaccharide membrane biocompatibility and biointegration with tendency to a thicker wall.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Coelhos , Uretra/cirurgia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/uso terapêutico , Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Celulose/uso terapêutico , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Tempo , Uretra/patologia , Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Microbiologia Industrial/métodos , Teste de Materiais , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Celulose/biossíntese , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento , Pesquisa Médica Translacional , Neovascularização Patológica
15.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(8): 713-722, Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-949379

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To develop a model and curriculum for simulated training of an effective and well accepted laparoscopic vesicourethral anastomosis (VUA). Methods: Experimental longitudinal study of quantitative character. The sample consisted of 12 general surgery residents and 6 urology residents (R3). The training consisted of making twelve VUAs on synthetic organs. The training was divided into four sessions and accompanied by an instructor who performed positive feedback. The evaluation of the anastomoses considered the time and the analysis of the operative technique through the global evaluation scale Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills (OSATS). Results: Residents showed a reduction in operative time and evolution in the surgical technique statistically significant (p<0.01). The best-rated items were the facilitator positive feedback and the fact that the training was carried out at the teaching hospital premises. Conclusions: The proposed training model was well accepted and proved to be effective in reducing operative time and improving laparoscopic skills. The training should be fractionated (4 sessions in 3 weeks), repetitive (12 anastomoses) and have positive feedback.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Uretra/cirurgia , Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/educação , Treinamento por Simulação/métodos , Fatores de Tempo , Anastomose Cirúrgica/educação , Análise de Variância , Estudos Longitudinais , Competência Clínica , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Internato e Residência , Modelos Anatômicos
16.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(4): 362-366, ago. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-959397

RESUMO

Objetivo: Presentar un caso clínico y discutir el manejo del trauma de arteria axilar y revisar la literatura actual. Caso Clínico: se presenta el caso de un paciente con lesión de arteria axilar, que es traído en shock hipovolémico al Servicio de Emergencias de nuestro hospital. En pabellón, se aprecia sección incompleta de la segunda porción de la arteria axilar. Se controla y repara con anastomosis primaria término-terminal. En su posoperatorio evoluciona de forma satisfactoria. Discusión: El manejo del trauma vascular debe ser metódico y multidisciplinario. Los signos duros de trauma vascular son indicación de exploración quirúrgica inmediata. Los pacientes con signos blandos pueden complementarse con imágenes. En una sección incompleta de arteria axilar, la anastomosis término-terminal ha mostrado buenos resultados. Conclusiones: las lesiones de arteria axilar en el contexto de traumas son infrecuentes. Su manejo necesita de un alto índice de sospecha, un enfoque multidisciplinario y un acceso quirúrgico adecuado al contexto.


Objective: To present a clinical case and discuss the management of axillary artery trauma and to review current literature. Clinical case: Male patient with axillary artery injury, who is brought in hypovolemic shock to the Emergency Department. Surgical findings demonstrated an incomplete section of the second portion of the axillary artery which was repaired with primary end-to-end anastomosis. Postoperatively, the patient evolves without pain and is discharged. Discussion: The management of vascular trauma should be methodical and multidisciplinary. Hard signs of vascular trauma mandate immediate surgical exploration. Patients with soft signs may need further evaluation with images. In an incomplete section of the axillary artery the end-to-end anastomosis has shown good results. Conclusions: Axillary artery lesions in the context of trauma are infrequent. Its management requires a high index of suspicion, a multidisciplinary approach and adequate surgical access.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Artéria Axilar/cirurgia , Artéria Axilar/lesões , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Ferimentos Perfurantes/cirurgia , Vasos Sanguíneos/lesões , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos
17.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(3)jul.-set. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-916241

RESUMO

O uso de simuladores na educação médica tem sido cada vez mais frequente, porém pouco acessíveis devido ao custo elevado. Foi desenvolvido para tal um modelo acessível e de baixo custo para o aprendizado e o treinamento de suturas e anastomoses vasculares em Laboratório de Bases das Técnicas Cirúrgicas. Foram utilizados balões de látex de cores variadas, fio de polipropileno 6.0 e outros materiais específicos para sutura vascular (porta-agulhas e pinças). Para facilitar o reparo dos balões, eles foram fixados em parafusos sobre placas de madeira. Foram feitas anastomoses terminoterminal, terminolateral e laterolateral e construção de patch. A perviedade da anastomose foi testada a partir da injeção de água em uma extremidade do balão e a observação da saída do conteúdo líquido na extremidade oposta. As vantagens observadas nesse modelo de treinamento para anastomoses foram a maleabilidade, a resistência à passagem do fio e o fato de ser inorgânico. Os balões de látex são uma alternativa barata, viável, não perecível e de uso prolongado no ensino e treinamento das suturas e anastomoses arteriais


Simulators are increasingly being used in medical education, but accessibility is restricted by their elevated cost. A accessible and low-cost model was developed for teaching and learning vascular sutures and anastomoses at a Basic Surgical Techniques Laboratory. Latex balloons of varying colors, polypropylene 6.0 sutures, and other materials specifically for suturing (needle holder and forceps) were used. The balloons were fixed to screws inserted into wooden boards in order to facilitate repairs. E end-to-end, end-to-side, and side-to-side anastomoses and patching were performed. Anastomosis patency was tested by injecting water into one extremity of the balloon and observing the liquid exit via the opposite extremity. The advantages observed with this training model for anastomoses were malleability, resistance to passage of the suture, and the fact that it is inorganic. Latex balloons are an inexpensive option that are non-perishable and offer prolonged use for teaching and practice of arterial sutures and anastomoses


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Modelos Anatômicos , Educação Médica/métodos , Modelos Educacionais , Agulhas , Polipropilenos , Suturas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(7): 565-576, July 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-949365

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the possible effects of argan oil on the healing of colorectal anastomoses. Methods: I n Group 1 (sham), laparotomy was performed and the colon was mobilized. In the control (Group 2) and argan oil (Group 3) groups, colonic resection and anastomosis were applied. To the control and sham groups, 2 mL of 0.9% NaCl was administred rectally, and in the argan oil group, 2 mL/day argan oil was applied rectally for 7 days. Results: The mean bursting pressures of the argan oil and sham groups were significantly higher than the values in the control group. A significant difference was determined between the tissue hydroxyproline and prolidase levels of control group and other groups. Histopathologically, argan oil showed significant beneficial effects on colonic wound healing. In the argan oil and sham groups, the tissue malondialdehyde and fluorescent oxidation product levels were found to be lower and total sulfhydryl levels were higher than the control group. Conclusions: The rectally administered argan oil was observed to have significantly ameliorated wound healing parameters and exerted a significant antioxidant effect. This is the first study in the literature about the beneficial effects of argan oil on colorectal anastomoses.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Reto/cirurgia , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Óleos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Colo/cirurgia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Oxirredutases/análise , Reto/patologia , Espectrofotometria , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Distribuição Aleatória , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Colágeno/análise , Resultado do Tratamento , Ratos Wistar , Colo/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Dipeptidases/análise , Ferida Cirúrgica/patologia , Ferida Cirúrgica/tratamento farmacológico , Hidroxiprolina/análise , Malondialdeído/análise
19.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(4): 333-340, Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-886278

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To compare platelet rich plasma (PRP) and fibrin glue about the effect of anastomotic healing. Methods: Thirty six Wistar-Albino male rats diveded into 3 groups according to control(Group1), PRP (Group 2) and fibrin glue(Tisseel VH) (Group 3). The colon was transected with scissor and subsequently an end to end anastomosis was performed using continuous one layer 6/0 vicryl sutures. Postoperative 7th day effect of anastomotic healing measuring with tissue hydroxyproline(TH) level and anastomotic bursting pressure(ABP); moreover comparison of cytokine (IL-6 and IL-10) and procalcitonin levels on 1st,3rd and 7th days. Results: There was no statistically significant difference of the ABP and hydroxyproline levels between PRP and fibrin glue on the 7th day. There was no statistically significant difference between levels of proinflammatory cytokine (IL-6) (P=0.41), anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-10) (P=0.35), and procalcitonin levels (P=0.63) on 1, 3 and 7 days. Conclusion: Fibrin glue and platelet rich plasma are shown to be effective in healing intestinal anastomoses without superior to each other.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Hemostáticos/farmacologia , Adesivo Tecidual de Fibrina/farmacologia , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Fatores de Tempo , Calcitonina/análise , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Citocinas/análise , Resultado do Tratamento , Ratos Wistar , Colo/cirurgia , Colo/patologia , Hidroxiprolina/análise
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