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1.
Cuenca; s.n; Universidad de Cuenca; 2020. 41 p. ilus; tab. CD-ROM.
Tese em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102646

RESUMO

Abstract: Background: hernia is one of the most frequent pathologies in General Surgery, a common reason for surgical consultation, the resolution of this pathology currently has extensive debates about the surgical approach related to open or laparoscopic hernioplasty, with advantages and disadvantages exposed to each. Objective: to determine the prevalence and factors associated with complications of inguinal posthernioplasty at the Vicente Corral Moscoso and José Carrasco Arteaga Hospitals, 2018-2019.Material and methods: It's analytical, cross-sectional study. 240 clinical records that met the inclusion criteria were reviewed. Data were collected using a form and were tabulated in the SPSS version 15 program. The qualitative variables were analyzed with frequency and percentage and the quantitative variables with arithmetic mean and standard deviation, the associated factors were analyzed with Odds Ratio, 95% CI, Chi square and binary logistic regression (p <0.05).Results: 240 patients who had the inclusion criteria were analyzed, the majority were men (81.7%), the mean age was 53.4 years SD ± 16.57. The prevalence of postoperative complications was 27.5%, with those occurring within the first 24 hours being more frequent with 15.8%. Among the factors associated with statistical significance were: male sex (OR 4.6; 95% CI 1.5-13.5; p <0.00) and surgical technique (OR 3.4; 95% CI 1.2-9; p <0.01).Conclusions: prevalence of postoperative complications was similar to the literature consulted and was associated with factors such as: male sex and surgical technique.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Herniorrafia/instrumentação , Hérnia Inguinal/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Contraindicações de Procedimentos
2.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 35(1): 51-56, 2020. fig, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1095473

RESUMO

Introducción. La hernioplastia con malla de polipropileno es la técnica de elección para el reparo de las hernias inguinales. Actualmente, existe controversia sobre esta técnica en pacientes con heridas sucias o contaminadas; sin embargo, la evidencia en la literatura médica ha demostrado que su uso puede ser seguro. Los autores presentan su experiencia con las mallas de polipropileno en la cirugía contaminada para cierre de hernias inguinales.Método. Se realizó un estudio observacional retrospectivo en el que se incluyeron los pacientes mayores de 18 años atendidos entre enero de 2017 y diciembre de 2018 por presentar hernias inguinales, que requirieron tratamiento quirúrgico de urgencias, y que presentaban heridas sucias o contaminadas. Los criterios evaluados fueron: infección de la herida quirúrgica, morbilidad y mortalidad, necesidad de remoción de la malla y recurrencia de la hernia.Resultados. Diez pacientes fueron sometidos a cirugía de urgencias, requiriendo resección intestinal por necrosis: nueve de ellos, por hernias estranguladas y, uno, por apendicitis perforada. En uno de los diez pacientes, se consideró sucia la herida por presentar necrosis intestinal y perforación. Los nueve restantes presentaban necrosis intestinal sin perforación, por lo cual se consideraron heridas contaminadas. La infección de la herida ocurrió en 1/10 pacientes con infección del sitio operatorio superficial; la eliminación de la malla no fue necesaria en ningún paciente durante todo el período de estudio. No se observaron recidivas y no hubo mortalidad.Conclusión. El uso de malla de polipropileno para la corrección de hernias inguinales, en pacientes con heridas sucias o contaminadas, es efectivo y seguro, con una morbilidad aceptable y buenos resultados a corto plazo


Introduction: Polypropylene mesh hernioplasty is the technique of choice for the repair of inguinal hernias. Currently, there is controversy about this technique in patients with dirty or contaminated wounds. However, evidence in the medical literature has shown its use can be safe. The authors present their experience in the use of polypropylene meshes in contaminated surgery to close inguinal hernias.Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted in patients older than 18 year-old between January 2017 and December 2018. Were included those with inguinal hernias, requiring emergency surgical treatment, and presented contaminated or dirty wounds. The inclusion criteria were infection of the surgical wound, the need for removal of the mesh removal and recurrence of the hernia.Results: Ten patients underwent emergency surgery, requiring bowel resection for necrosis: nine of them for strangulated hernias and, one for perforated appendicitis. In one of the ten patients, the wound was considered dirty due to intestinal necrosis and perforation. The remaining nine had intestinal necrosis without perforation, so they were considered contaminated wounds. Wound infection occurred in 1/10 patients (10%) with superficial operative site infection; mesh removal was not necessary in any patient during the entire study period. No recurrence was observed and there was no mortality.Conclusion: The use of polypropylene mesh for the correction of inguinal hernias in patients with contaminated and dirty wounds is effective and safe, with acceptable morbidity and good short-term results


Assuntos
Humanos , Hérnia Inguinal , Telas Cirúrgicas , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica , Herniorrafia
3.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 21(2): 121-127, mayo.-ago. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090433

RESUMO

RESUMEN Fundamento: La hernia de Spiegel es un defecto de la pared abdominal generalmente mal diagnosticado; en la experiencia de los cirujanos, las hernias de la pared abdominal constituyen una enfermedad cuyo diagnóstico es esencialmente clínico. Sin embargo, la hernia de Spiegel por su infrecuente presentación (0.1 - 2 %) pasa fácilmente inadvertida. Objetivo: Describir el caso de un paciente con una hernia de Spiegel. Presentación del caso: En este artículo presentamos un paciente masculino de 37 años que fue hospitalizado por presentar dolor abdominal de un mes y medio de evolución, al que se le diagnosticó una hernia de Spiegel. Conclusiones: Por las dificultades diagnósticas que presenta esta enfermedad es importante realizar una correcta anamnesis y examen físico, sin dejar de lado estudios de imagen. El tratamiento definitivo de la hernia de Spiegel es el quirúrgico.


ABSTRACT Background: Spigelian hernia is a defect of the abdominal wall that is generally misdiagnosed. In the experience of surgeons, the diagnosis of the abdominal wall hernias is usually clinical. However, because of their presentation is infrequent (0.1 - 2 %) Spigelian hernias often fail to be noticed. Objective: To describe the case of a patient with a Spigelian hernia. Case report: In this article, we present a 37-year-old male patient who was hospitalized due to abdominal pain during a month and a half of evolution, who was diagnosed with a Spigelian hernia. Conclusions: Due to the diagnostic difficulties this disease presents it is important to accomplish a correct anamnesis and physical examination, without putting aside studies of image. The definite treatment of Spigelian hernia is surgery.


Assuntos
Hérnia Abdominal , Herniorrafia
4.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(2): e774, mar.-jun. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093164

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: Es necesario conocer la historia de la cirugía, en general, y de la herniología, en particular, para poder comprender mejor los enormes avances experimentados en esas disciplinas. Muchas de las técnicas quirúrgicas modernas están basadas en los conocimientos y experiencias aportados por los primeros cirujanos, pero no fue hasta la divulgación de la obra del francés Eduardo Bassini, en 1889, que comenzó el impetuoso desarrollo de la cirugía de la hernia inguinal a escala mundial. Entre las más notables reparaciones de hernia inguinal, además de la de Bassini, se citan las de McVay, Halsted, Shouldice y la hernioplastia libre de tensión, popularizada por Lichtenstein. Objetivo: Profundizar en los aspectos cognoscitivos relacionados con los fundamentos históricos del diagnóstico y tratamiento de la hernia inguinal, su evolución y aplicación en la cirugía actual. Método: Revisión bibliográfica digital de publicaciones actualizadas en las bases de datos SciELO, Latindex, Elsevier, PubMed, Medline y Web of Science y Google Académico. Conclusiones: La cirugía de las hernias en general, y de las inguinales, en particular, nunca es rutina; debe ser individualizada a las características de cada enfermo y a los recursos disponibles. El futuro de la cirugía herniaria solo puede entenderse ligado al conocimiento de sus fundamentos históricos, del profundo dominio de la anatomía topográfica y de una esmerada técnica quirúrgica(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: It is necessary to know the history of surgery, in general, and herniology, in particular, in order to understand better the enormous advances experienced in these disciplines. Many of the modern surgical techniques are based on the knowledge and experiences contributed by the first surgeons, but it was not until the disclosure of the work of the French Eduardo Bassini, in 1889, that the impetuous development of inguinal hernia surgery began to scale worldwide. Among the most notable inguinal hernia repairs, in addition to that of Bassini, are those of McVay, Halsted, Shouldice and tension-free hernioplasty, popularized by Lichtenstein. Objective: To deepen the cognitive aspects related to the historical foundations of the diagnosis and treatment of inguinal hernia, its evolution and application in current surgery. Method: Digital bibliographic review of publications updated in the databases SciELO, Latindex, Elsevier, PubMed, Medline and Web of Science and Google Scholar. Conclusions: Surgery for hernias in general, and particularly for inguinal hernias is never routine. They must be individualized to the characteristics of each patient and the resources available. The future of hernia surgery can only be understood if it is associated with the knowledge of its historical foundations, the deep mastery of topographic anatomy and a careful surgical technique(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Herniorrafia/história , Hérnia Inguinal/diagnóstico , Hérnia Inguinal/terapia , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Bases de Dados Bibliográficas/tendências
5.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(2): e773, mar.-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093159

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: La hernia inguinal es una de las enfermedades más frecuentes y que con mayor número de modificaciones técnicas opera el cirujano general. El porcentaje de complicaciones internacionalmente aceptado oscila entre 5 y 10 por ciento. Objetivo: Identificar las complicaciones en la cirugía electiva de las hernias inguinales. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional y descriptivo, de una serie de 246 pacientes, operados mediante cirugía electiva de las hernias inguinales en el Servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital Provincial Docente Saturnino Lora de Santiago de Cuba durante los años 2016-2017. Resultados: Se constataron 18 complicaciones (7,3 por ciento) de la muestra. El tipo 2 según la clasificación de Nyhus prevaleció con 73 (29,7 por ciento) enfermos para el total, y ocho (44,4 por ciento) de los complicados. Las operaciones efectuadas fueron abiertas, entre las cuales primaron las tisulares de sobrecapas fasciales (Goderich) con 111 (45,1 por ciento) y las protésicas (Lichtenstein) con 85 (34,5 por ciento). Se presentaron complicaciones en 7 (38,8 por ciento) y 3 (16,6 por ciento) pacientes, respectivamente. El método anestésico más utilizado fue local con sedación en 171 (69,5 por ciento) y en 13 de ellos (72,3 por ciento) se produjeron complicaciones. El tiempo quirúrgico predominante fue de 30 minutos a una hora en 156 enfermos (63,4 por ciento), donde se registraron 10 complicados (55,5 por ciento). Del total de operaciones, el 96,7 por ciento fueron ambulatorias (238 pacientes). El 85,7 por ciento de los casos fueron intervenidos por residentes, grupo que aportó el 94,5 por ciento de las complicaciones diagnosticadas. Conclusiones: Las características de la población de enfermos aquejados de complicaciones posquirúrgicas de las hernias inguinales, referentes a tipo 2 de hernia según Nyhus y presencia de recidiva a largo plazo no difieren de lo reportado por la bibliografía nacional y extranjera(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Inguinal hernia is one of the most frequent illness and with a great number of technical modifications that were operated by the general surgeon. The complications percentage internationally accepted oscillated between 5 and 10 percent. Objective: To identify the complications in the elective surgery of inguinal hernias. Methods: an observational and descriptive study of a series of 246 patients was performed on the complications of elective inguinal hernia surgery in the General Surgery Service of the Provincial Teaching Hospital Saturnino Lora of Santiago de Cuba during the years 2016 -2017. Results: There were 18 complications (7.3 percent) of the sample. Type 2 according to Nyhus classification prevailed with 73 (29.7 percent) patients of the sample, and eight (44.4 percent) of complicated patients; the operations carried out were open, among which the fascial overlayer tissue prevailed (Goderich) with 111 (45.1 percent) and the prosthetic (Lichtenstein) with 85 (34.5 percent). Complications occurred in 7 (38.8 percent) and 3 (16.6 percent) patients, respectively. The most used anaesthetic method was local with sedation in 171 (69.5 percent) and in 13 of them (72.3 percent) there were complications. The predominant surgical time was 30 minutes to one hour in 156 patients (63.4 percent), where 10 complications were recorded (55.5 percent). Of the total operations, 96.7 percent were ambulatory (238 patients). There were operated on 85.7 percent of the cases by residents, a group that contributed 94.5 percent of the complications diagnosed. Conclusions: The characteristics of patients suffering from acute and chronic complications of elective inguinal hernia surgery, related to Type 2 according to Nyhus classification, the open operations carried out, the anaesthetic method employed, surgical time, ambulatory surgery and surgeon level, do not differ from that reported by the national and foreign literature(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudo Observacional
6.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(3): 748-755, mayo.-jun. 2019. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094082

RESUMO

RESUMEN La hernia de Spiegel es un defecto raro de la pared abdominal. Su diagnóstico se hace muy difícil por lo infrecuente y por la dificultad para diferenciarla de la hernia inguinal supravesical. Precisamente, por lo poco común, los médicos muchas veces no valoran seriamente la presencia de esta variedad de hernia. Constituye una patología en la que el diagnóstico al igual que el resto de las hernias de la pared abdominal, es esencialmente clínico. El objetivo de este trabajo es informar un caso con un tipo de hernia poco común. Paciente de 50 años de edad, de color de piel blanca, obesa, multípara de procedencia urbana, con antecedentes personales patológico de relativa buena salud. Acudió a consulta por presentar dolor en la región inferior derecha, en la unión del flanco derecho con el mesogastrio, desde hacía varios meses. Fue diagnosticada con una hernia de Spiegel. Se le realizaron los estudios correspondientes fue intervenida quirúrgicamente realizándose hernioplastia.


ABSTRACT Spiegelian hernia is a rare defect of the abdominal wall. Its diagnosis is very difficult because of its infrequency and the difficult of differentiating it from the supravesical inguinal hernia. Precisely due to its infrequence the doctors usually do not seriously evaluate the presence of this kind of hernia. It is a pathology in which, like in the rest of the abdominal wall hernias, the diagnosis is essentially clinical. The aim of this work is to report a case of a patient with an uncommon kind of hernia: a female, obese, multiparous, white patient, aged 50 years, from urban precedence, with personal pathological antecedents of relatively good health, assisted the consultation presenting pain in the right inferior region, in the place where the right flank meets the mesogastrium for several months. She was diagnosed a Spiegel's hernia. The correspondent studies were carried out and she underwent a hernioplasty.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Telas Cirúrgicas , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Cefazolina/uso terapêutico , Hérnia Abdominal/cirurgia , Hérnia Abdominal/diagnóstico , Hérnia Abdominal/etiologia , Hérnia Abdominal/sangue , Hérnia Abdominal/epidemiologia , Hérnia Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Herniorrafia , Dor/diagnóstico , Polipropilenos , Hemostasia
7.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 34(1): 25-28, 20190000.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-982069

RESUMO

La estandarización de la reparación de la hernia ventral sigue siendo difícil de alcanzar. Los cirujanos utilizan una gran cantidad de técnicas, herramientas y tecnología para reparar defectos similares. Sin embargo, existen principios basados en la evidencia que deben aplicarse a todas las reparaciones, independientemente de la técnica que permita la estandarización y mejores resultados. Se proponen seis principios como base para la reconstrucción compleja de la pared abdominal


Standardization of ventral hernia repair remains elusive. Surgeons use a plethora of techniques, tools, and technology to repair similar defects. Nevertheless, evidence-based principles exist that should be applied to all repairs irrespective of technique allowing standardization and improved outcomes. Six principles are proposed as the basis for complex abdominal wall reconstruction


Assuntos
Humanos , Hérnia Ventral , Próteses e Implantes , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios , Herniorrafia
8.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(2): e201900206, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-989060

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To compare open Lichtenstein repair and laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repair to treat primary unilateral hernia, regarding systemic inflammatory response, postoperative pain, and complications. Methods: A non-randomized prospective cohort study, with the preoperative and postoperative (24 hours) collection of blood samples for C reactive protein (CRP), interleukin 6 (IL-6), leukocyte and neutrophil analysis. Visual Analog Scale (VAS) was used to quantify the level of pain, and the operative time was correlated with the inflammatory response. VAS and CRP were also obtained on the 8th postoperative day. Results: Groups were homogeneous regarding preoperative characteristics. There were no differences between groups in 24h values of CRP, IL-6, leukocytes, neutrophils or VAS. Similarly, CRP and VAS did not differ between groups on the 8th postoperative day. However, the operative time for laparoscopic hernia repair was longer than the time for the open procedure. There was a weak correlation (r coefficient 0.31) between the duration of the surgical procedure and the VAS score at the eighth day. Conclusions: There were no statistically significant differences in the inflammatory response, pain scores, or complications between groups. We conclude that there is no advantage performing a primary unilateral hernia repair by laparoscopy.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/sangue , Laparoscopia/métodos , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/sangue , Herniorrafia/métodos , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Proteína C-Reativa , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos Prospectivos , Interleucina-6 , Resultado do Tratamento , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Duração da Cirurgia , Escala Visual Analógica , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados não Aleatórios como Assunto , Hérnia Inguinal/sangue , Tempo de Internação
9.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(4): e20192226, 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041131

RESUMO

RESUMO As hérnias inguinais são um problema frequente e o seu reparo representa a cirurgia mais comumente realizada por cirurgiões gerais. Nos últimos anos, novos princípios, produtos e técnicas têm mudado a rotina dos cirurgiões que precisam reciclar conhecimentos e aperfeiçoar novas habilidades. Além disso, antigos conceitos sobre indicação cirúrgica e riscos de complicações vêm sendo reavaliados. Visando criar um guia de orientações sobre o manejo das hérnias inguinais em pacientes adultos, a Sociedade Brasileira de Hérnias reuniu um grupo de experts com objetivo de revisar diversos tópicos, como indicação cirúrgica, manejo perioperatório, técnicas cirúrgicas, complicações e orientações pós-operatórias.


ABSTRACT Inguinal hernias are a frequent problem and their repair is the most commonly performed procedure by general surgeons. In the last years, new principles, products and techniques have changed the routine of surgeons, who need to recycle knowledge and perfect new skills. In addition, old concepts regarding surgical indication and risk of complications have been reevaluated. In order to create a guideline for the management of inguinal hernias in adult patients, the Brazilian Hernia Society assembled a group of experts to review various topics, such as surgical indication, perioperative management, surgical techniques, complications and postoperative guidance.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Herniorrafia/normas , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Hérnia Inguinal/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Telas Cirúrgicas , Brasil , Herniorrafia/métodos
10.
Medisan ; 22(9)nov.-dic. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-976172

RESUMO

Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo y de corte transversal de los 747 pacientes operados de hernias abdominales externas en el Centro de Diagnóstico Integral La Atlántida del Estado Vargas, de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, desde abril de 2013 hasta diciembre de 2017 con el objetivo de caracterizarles según variables de interés para la investigación. En la serie predominaron el sexo masculino (75,1 por ciento), el grupo etario de 51-60 años (37,8 por ciento), la hipertensión arterial como principal comorbilidad (32,0 por ciento), la hernia inguinal como variedad más frecuente (63,7 por ciento), además de la reparación con prótesis sin tensión (malla) como proceder más empleado y sin recidiva herniaria (72,6 por ciento); asimismo, las complicaciones estuvieron dentro del rango internacional aceptado (5,1 por ciento) y el edema del cordón resultó ser la más común.


A descriptive, prospective and cross-sectional study of the 747 operated patients due to external abdominal hernias in La Atlántida Comprehensive Diagnosis Center from Vargas State, of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela was carried out from April, 2013 to December, 2017 with the objective of characterizing them according to variables of interest for the investigation. In the series the male sex (75.1 percent), the age group 51-60 years (37.8 percent, the hypertension as the main comorbidity (32.0 percent), the inguinal hernia as the most frequent variety (63.7 percent), besides the repair with prosthesis without tension (mesh) as the most used procedure and without hernia relapse (72.6 percent) prevailed; also, the complications were within the accepted international range (5.1 percent) and the edema of the cord turned out to be the most common.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Hérnia Abdominal/epidemiologia , Herniorrafia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios , Hérnia/etiologia
11.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 57(4): e704, oct.-dic. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-991047

RESUMO

Introducción: La afección herniaria es uno de los procesos mejor estudiados y cuyo tratamiento persigue la excelencia, aunque todavía quedan muchas controversias por resolver. Objetivo: Valorar los resultados de la aplicación de la técnica del Dr. Mohan P. Desarda modificada en el Servicio de Cirugía del Hospital General Docente Enrique Cabrera. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo aleatorio de 1 010 pacientes intervenidos quirúrgicamente con el diagnóstico de hernia inguinal desde enero del 2004 hasta diciembre del 2017. A estos pacientes se les realizó la técnica quirúrgica del Dr. Mohan P. Desarda modificada, los cuales fueron evolucionados por consulta externa y finalmente por teléfono. Resultados: La mayor incidencia ocurrió en el sexo masculino con 915 (90,6 por ciento) pacientes y la edad promedio fue de 58,3 años. La localización más frecuente fue la derecha en 497 (49,0 por ciento) pacientes. Se aplicó la anestesia local a 690 (68,3 por ciento) pacientes. Se trataron de manera ambulatoria 783 (77,4 por ciento) pacientes. En 46 (34,5 por ciento) pacientes se diagnosticaron complicaciones. La recidiva se observó en 6 pacientes (0,6 por ciento) del total. Conclusiones: Con la herniorrafia de Mohan P. Desarda modificada, se obtienen resultados satisfactorios al igual que con las técnicas protésicas, aportando ahorros económicos importantes(AU)


Introduction: Hernia is one of the best studied processes in order to achieve treatment of excellence, but there are still many pending controversies to be solved. Objective: To determine the results of the modified Mohan P. Desarda technique in the surgical service of Enrique Cabrera general teaching hospital. Method: A prospective randomized study was performed on 1010 surgical patients with the diagnosis of inguinal hernia from January 2004 to December 2017. These patients were operated on by using modified Dr Mohan P. Desarda's technique and they were followed up in the outpatient service and finally by phone. Results: The highest incidence rate was found in males, with 915 (90.6 percent) patients and the average age was 58.3 years. The most common location was on the right side of 497 (49 percent) patients. Local anesthesia was used in 690 (68.3 percent) patients and 783 (77.4 percent) were treated as outpatients. Forty six (34.5 percent) patients suffered complications. Recurrence occurred in 6 patients, which accounted for 0.6 percent of the total number. Conclusions: Modified Mohan P. Desarda herniorraphy achieves satisfactory results as well as the other prosthetic techniques, thus contributing important economic savings(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Herniorrafia/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios/métodos , Hérnia Inguinal/diagnóstico , Anestesia Local/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos
12.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 57(4): e754, oct.-dic. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-991050

RESUMO

Introducción: La vigilancia de infección del sitio quirúrgico en procederes quirúrgicos frecuentes es esencial para su prevención. Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia de infección del sitio quirúrgico y el cumplimiento de las prácticas de prevención en apendicectomía y cirugía de hernia. Método: Estudio descriptivo de pacientes intervenidos de estos procederes desde enero 2017 hasta marzo 2018 en Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Universitario Joaquín Albarrán. La Habana, Cuba. Se recolectó información de las características demográficas de los pacientes, los procederes y el CPP (profilaxis antibiótica, normoglicemia, normotermia y eliminación del pelo). Se utilizaron técnicas de vigilancia durante el ingreso y posterior al egreso para identificar los pacientes con infección del sitio quirúrgico. Se calculó la tasa total de infección del sitio quirúrgico y según índice de riesgo (por cada100 procederes quirúrgicos), para cada proceder y el CPP por cada 100 procederes quirúrgicos. Resultados: Se evaluaron 174 pacientes con apendicectomía y 389 de cirugía de hernia, con tasas de infección de 13,8 por ciento y 5,7 por ciento, respectivamente. El cumplimiento del tiempo de administración del antibiótico profiláctico, la selección y dosis, y la discontinuación fueron respectivamente de 53,3 por ciento, 83,3 por ciento y 80,0 por ciento, en apendicectomía, y de 46,3 por ciento, 72,9 por ciento y 63 por ciento, en cirugía de hernia. La normotermia fue alcanzada en 32,4 por ciento y 27,1 por ciento de los casos. La mayoría de los pacientes con infección del sitio quirúrgico fueron diagnosticados utilizando métodos de vigilancia posterior al egreso. Conclusión: Se ha identificado la incidencia de infección del sitio quirúrgico y brechas en el cumplimiento de las prácticas de prevención que requieren acciones correctivas, que incluyan fortalecimiento del sistema de vigilancia y capacitación de los profesionales(AU)


Introduction: Surveillance of the surgical site infection in frequent surgical procedures is essential for its prevention. Objective: To determine the incidence of surgical site infection and the fulfillment of prevention practices in appendicectomy and hernial surgery. Method: Descriptive study of patients operated on by these procedures from January 2017 to March 2018 in "Joaquin Albarran" clinical, surgical and university hospital in Havana, Cuba. Data on demographic characteristics of patients, the types of procedures and the CPP (antibiotic prophylaxis, normoglycemia, normothermia and hair removal) were collected. The use of surveillance techniques during hospitalization and after discharge allowed identifying the patients with surgical site infection. The total surgical site infection rate and the risk index (per 100 surgical procedures) for each procedure and the CPP per 100 surgical procedures were all estimated. Results: One hundred and seventy-four patients with appendicectomy and 389 with hernial surgery were evaluated and their infection rates were 13.8 percent and 5.7 percent, respectively. The compliance with the time of administration of prophylactic antibiotic, selection and dosage, and discontinuation of treatment were 53.3 percent, 83.3 percent and 80 percent, respectively in appendicectomy where those of hernial surgery were 46.3 percent,72.9 and 63 percent, respectively. Normothermia was reached in 32.4 percent and 27.1 percent of cases. Most of the patients with surgical site infection were diagnosed by using the surveillance methods after discharge from hospital. Conclusions: The incidence of the surgical site infection and gaps in the fulfillment of prevention practices has been identified, which require corrective actions including strengthening of the surveillance system and professional training(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Apendicectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Epidemiologia Descritiva
13.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 47(3): 1-7, jul.-set. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-985541

RESUMO

Introducción: La hernia de Littré se define como la presencia de un divertículo de Meckel en cualquier saco herniario, su incidencia es de alrededor de un 2 por ciento y se han descrito pocos casos en la literatura. Objetivo: Presentar un caso inusual de cirugía de urgencia con un cuadro de oclusión intestinal por hernia de Littré, operado en el servicio de urgencias del Hospital Militar Dr. Carlos J. Finlay. Caso clínico: Paciente de 79 años de edad que consulta por cuadro de dolor abdominal, vómitos y aumento de volumen en la región crural derecha, operado con diagnóstico presuntivo de hernia crural complicada. Se realiza abordaje preperitoneal, se encontró en el saco herniario, un divertículo de Meckel con compromiso vascular. Fue resecado completamente, efectuada anastomosis término-terminal del íleon y reparado defecto herniario con técnica de Cheatle-Henry. Comentarios: La paciente recibió resección intestinal y reparación tisular del anillo crural, recibió alta hospitalaria al tercer día y médica a los 45 días de la operación(AU)


Introduction: Littré hernia is defined as the presence of a Meckel diverticulum in any hernia sac, the incidence is around 2 percent and few cases have been described in the literature. Objective: To present an unusual case of emergency surgery with intestinal occlusion due to Littré's hernia operated in the emergency service of the Military Hospital Dr. Carlos J. Finlay. Clinical case: A 79-year-old patient who consulted due to abdominal pain, vomiting and increased volume in the right crural region, he was operated with a presumptive diagnosis of complicated crural hernia. A preperitoneal approach was performed, a Meckel diverticulum with vascular compromise was found in the hernia sac. It was completely resected, end-to-end anastomosis of the ileum was performed and hernial defect repaired with the Cheatle-Henry technique. Comments: this patient received intestinal resection and tissue repair of the crural ring. She was discharged on the third day and medically discharge 45 days after the operation(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Herniorrafia/métodos , Divertículo Ileal/cirurgia
14.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 37(02): 123-127, 24/07/2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-912248

RESUMO

A hérnia medular idiopática (HMI) é uma causa rara de mielopatia progressiva que afeta principalmente mulheres de meia idade com apresentação clínica típica com a Síndrome de Brown-Sequard. Possui etiologia incerta, sendo a teoria mais aceita a de ser um defeito congênito na dura-máter que leva a uma herniação lenta e progressiva da medula que ocasiona uma lesão evolutiva, podendo levar a um déficit irreversível quando subdiagnosticado e não tratado da forma ideal. A realização da ressonância magnética é fundamental para o diagnóstico, e a cirurgia é o tratamento de escolha para reverter e cessar os sintomas mielopáticos. O presente artigo mostra um caso de uma apresentação atípica da localização do defeito dural e da herniação, não descrita ainda na literatura, levando a uma apresentação neurológica e anatômica incomum para esta patologia, obrigando a realizar um planejamento cirúrgico específico para tal caso.


Idiopathic medullary hernia is a rare cause of progressive myelopathy, primarily affecting middle-aged women, typical clinical presentation with Brown-Sequárd Syndrome. Its etiology is uncertain, but the most accepted theory is that a congenital defect in the dura mater leads to a slow and progressive spinal cord herniation, causing an evolutionary spinal cord injury, which can lead to an irreversible deficit when underdiagnosed and not treated adequately. Magnetic resonance imaging is essential for the diagnosis, and surgery is the treatment of choice to reverse and stop myelopathy symptoms. The present article shows a case of an atypical presentation of the location of the dural defect and herniation, not yet described in the literature, leading to an unusual neurologic and anatomical presentation for this pathology, requiring a specific planning for this case.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Doenças da Medula Espinal , Hérnia , Herniorrafia
16.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(5): 454-461, May 2018. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-949348

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate abdominal ventral wound healing by using a specific biomaterial, a handmade polyamide surgical mesh. Methods: A surgical incisional defect was made in ten rabbits to simulate a hernia in the ventral abdominal musculature. A polyamide surgical mesh was used in hernioplasty. They were monitored for surgical wound healing, and macroscopically and histologically evaluated at the end of the experiment. The polyamide surgical mesh did not cause foreign body reaction, pain, edema, or infection in the surgical site. The manure production was not affected by intestinal tissue adherences to the mesh, consistent with the ultrasonography result where adherences were not observed and organized scarring tissue formed in the incisional defect. The polyamide mesh was fixed over the abdominal wall, and its external and internal sides were surrounded by a vascularized connective tissue. Results: None of the experimental animals developed adherences from internal organs to the polyamide mesh, except two rabbits where the omentum formed adherence to the internal scarring tissue without present herniation or compromise of the rabbit's health. Conclusion: Polyamide surgical mesh for hernioplasty presents, in rabbits, excellent biocompatibility, with minimal body adverse reactions and low cost.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Próteses e Implantes , Telas Cirúrgicas , Cicatrização/fisiologia , Parede Abdominal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Hérnia Ventral/cirurgia , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Aderências Teciduais/fisiopatologia , Músculos Abdominais/transplante
17.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 28: [1-3], jan.-dez. 2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-969952

RESUMO

As hérnias inguinais representam 69% dos casos de hérnias abdominais e sua reparação, a hernioplastia, é o procedimento mais realizado em Cirurgia Geral. Tendo em vista esse fato e que simuladores de baixo custo vêm ganhando cada vez mais espaço na graduação Médica devido aos aspectos éticos envolvendo o treinamento com pacientes reais e animais, nosso estudo objetivou a confecção de modelo sintético inédito, reprodutíveis e de baixo custo para o treinamento na técnica de hernioplastia inguinal aberta. Desse modo, com materiais de fácil acesso e preço reduzido, conseguimos construir com R$ 44,12 reais (US$ 14,27) o simulador proposto, podendo ser utilizado em cursos e aulas teórico-práticas com o intuito de demonstrar o procedimento de hernioplastia inguinal. (AU)


Inguinal hernias represent 69% of the cases of abdominal hernias and their repair is the most accomplished procedure in General Surgery. Considering this fact and that low cost simulators have been gaining more space in medical graduation due to the ethical aspects involved in the training of real and animal patients, our study aimed at the creation of a synthetic, unpublished, reproducible and low cost model for the Training in the technique of open inguinal hernioplasty. Thus, with easy-access materials and reduced price, we were able to construct with US$ 14,27 the proposed simulator, being able to be used in courses and theoretical-practical classes with the purpose of demonstrating the inguinal hernioplasty procedure. (AU)


Assuntos
Estudantes de Medicina , Materiais de Ensino , Educação Médica , Herniorrafia/educação , Hérnia Inguinal , Faculdades de Medicina , Ensino , Hérnia Abdominal , Herniorrafia/métodos
18.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 33(1): 107-110, 2018. fig, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-905307

RESUMO

La hernia de Amyand tiene baja incidencia (0,1 a 1 %) pero, en caso de complicación, puede asociarse con una alta tasa de mortalidad. A pesar de haber sido descrita hace más de 200 años por Claudius Amyand, siguen existiendo ciertas controversias sobre su correcto tratamiento en determinadas situaciones. La práctica o la evitación de la apendicectomía en ausencia de apendicitis y la técnica para reparar el defecto herniario según el grado de contaminación de la zona, son temas tratados en el presente artículo. Ante la falta de consenso global en la literatura científica, la individualización de cada caso y el buen juicio del cirujano deben primar a la hora de decidir el tratamiento más adecuado. Se presentan dos casos clínicos que, a pesar de tratarse de la misma enfermedad, tuvieron formas de presentación, manejo y evolución dispares. Asimismo, se adjunta la iconografía de un excepcional caso de hernia de Amyand, izquierda, junto con el hallazgo de una hernia de Littré no complicada en el mismo saco herniario


Amyand's hernia has a low incidence (0.1%-1.0%) but it may be associated with high mortality rates. Despite having been described more than 200 years ago by Claudius Amyand, there are still controversies regarding treatment in some particular situations. Performing or not appendectomies in the absence of appendicitis, or how to perform the hernia repair depending on the degree of contamination, are topics discussed in this article. There is not a global consensus in the literature yet. The individualization of each case and the surgeon´s proper judgment should be the priority for selecting the most appropriate treatment. Two clinical cases of Amyand's hernia are reported with very different clinical presentations, management and evolution. Also, an image of a left sided Amyand's hernia together with a Littre's hernia in the same hernia sac is shown


Assuntos
Humanos , Hérnia Inguinal , Apendicectomia , Herniorrafia , Próteses e Implantes
19.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(1): 79-83, 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-899661

RESUMO

Resumen La ascitis es la complicación más común en los pacientes con cirrosis hepática. Las hernias umbilicales (HU) ocurren en 20% de estos pacientes y 40% en aquellos con ascitis severa. La HU ocurre debido al aumento de presión intraabdominal, al debilitamiento de la fascia abdominal y la pérdida de masa muscular. Además, tienen tendencia a aumentar rápidamente y presentar alto riesgo de complicaciones que amenazan la vida del paciente. El tratamiento de la HU no complicada es controversial, tanto el manejo quirúrgico (herniorrafia) como el manejo conservador (control de ascitis) presentan alta tasa de complicaciones, en consecuencia incrementa la morbimortalidad. Actualmente, se recomienda herniorrafia umbilical con previo control de la ascitis en el manejo de HU no complicada, reduce el riesgo de infección de herida operatoria, evisceración, drenaje de ascitis, peritonitis y reduce hasta 41% la recidiva de HU. El éxito de este enfoque también depende del grado de disfunción hepática. El tratamiento de la HU complicada es quirúrgico (herniorrafia sin malla), con menor tasa de mortalidad respecto al manejo conservador. Estudios revelan ventajas de la herniorrafia umbilical laparoscópica (mínimamente invasiva y sin tensión) en comparación a la cirugía abierta, sin embargo, aún no hay evidencia al respecto.


Ascites is the most common complication in patients with liver cirrhosis. Umbilical hernias (HU) occur in 20% of these patients and 40% in those with severe ascites. HU occurs due to increased intra-abdominal pressure, weakening of the abdominal fascia and loss of muscle mass. In addition, they have a tendency to enlarge rapidly and present high risk of complications that threaten the patient's life. The treatment of the uncomplicated HU is controversial, both the surgical management (herniorrhaphy) and the conservative management (control of ascites) present high rate of complications, consequently high morbidity and mortality. Currently, umbilical herniorrhaphy is recommended with prior control of ascites in uncomplicated HU management, it reduces the risk of surgical wound infection, evisceration, ascites drainage, peritonitis, and it reduces up to 41% of HU recurrence. The success of this approach also depends on the degree of liver dysfunction. The treatment of complicated HU is surgical (herniorrhaphy without mesh), with lower mortality rate compared to conservative management. Studies reveal advantages of umbilical herniorrhaphy laparoscopy (minimally invasive and stress-free) compared to open surgery; however there is still no evidence about it.


Assuntos
Humanos , Ascite/etiologia , Hérnia Umbilical/complicações , Hérnia Umbilical/terapia , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Herniorrafia , Hérnia Umbilical/cirurgia
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