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1.
Arq. odontol ; 56: 1-8, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1097768

RESUMO

Aim: To evaluate the influence of lengths and different luting agents on the bond strength of fiberglass posts' adhesion to dentin.Methods: Sixty single-root bovine teeth were endodontically treated and included in polyether and acrilyc resin to simulate a periodontal ligament. These were divided into 6 groups according to the post lengths (6, 10 or 14 mm) and luting agents (self-adhesive dual resin cement ­ U; or etch-and-rinse dual resin cement ­ A): U6, U10, U14, A6, A19, and A14. All fiberglass posts were cemented according to manufacturer instructions. After this, mechanical aging was performed (1.2x106 cycles; 4 Hz, 90 N). The push-out specimens were then conducted (2.0 ± 0.1 mm), with the test executed in a universal machine (10 kgf at 0.5 mm/min). Data obtained were submitted to the Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's test. Results: No statistically significant difference was observed in bond strength between the groups due to the type of luting agent (p > 0.05). However, the isolated post-length factor showed significantly different results for the U groups (p < 0.05). The U10 group showed similar union values to U6 but statistically inferior to U14. Conclusion: bond strength of fiberglass posts of the same length as the dentin presented no differences according to the luting agent, but the post-length property influenced the bond strength when self-adhesive resin cement was used.


Objetivo: avaliar a influência dos agentes cimentantes e dos diferentes comprimentos de pinos na resistência de união de pinos de fibra de vidro a dentina. Métodos: Sessenta dentes bovinos uniradiculares tiveram a raiz endodonticamente tratada, e foram incluídos em poliéter e resina acrílica para simular o ligamento periodontal. Os espécimes foram divididos em seis grupos de acordo com o comprimento dos pinos (6, 10 ou 14mm) e dos agentes de cimentantes (cimento resinoso dual autoadesivo (RelyX U200, 3M ESPE) - U; ou cimento resinoso dual convencional (AllCem Core, FGM) - A: U6, U10, U14, A6, A19 e A14. Todos os pinos de fibra de vidro foram cimentados conforme as recomendações do fabricante. Após, o envelhecimento mecânico (1,2x106 ciclos; 4 Hz, 90 N) as amostras foram fatiadas para o teste de push-out (2,0 ± 0,1 mm) executado em uma máquina de ensaio universal (10 kgf a 0,5 mm/min). Os dados foram submetidos ao teste de Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn. Resultados: não houve diferença estatística na resistência de união entre os grupos devido ao tipo de agente cimentante (p > 0,05), mas houve para o comprimento dos pinos dos grupos U (p < 0,05). O grupo U10 apresentou valores de união semelhantes a U6, mas estatisticamente inferiores ao U14. Conclusão: a resistência de união dos pinos de fibra de vidro de um mesmo comprimento não apresentou diferenças mesmo quando cimentados com cimentos diferentes, mas o comprimento dos pinos isoladamente influenciou quando o cimento resinoso autoadesivo foi utilizado.


Assuntos
Resinas Acrílicas , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Cimentos Dentários , Resistência de Materiais , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Pinos Dentários
2.
Arq. odontol ; 56: 1-6, jan.-dez. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1103991

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analisar as propriedades físico-químicas, escoamento, tempo de presa, solubilidade e alteração dimensional, dos cimentos endodônticos à base de óxido de zinco e eugenol: Endomethasone N, Endofill e Grosmann, de acordo com a especificação número 57 da American Dental Association. Métodos: Realizou-se os testes nas condições ambientais de 23° ± 2°C e 50 ± 5% de umidade relativa do ar, mantidas 48 h antes dos procedimentos, repetindo-se cinco vezes e obtendo-se uma média aritmética. Resultados: Os cimentos à base de óxido de zinco e eugenol analisados apresentaram tempo de endurecimento elevados, para o teste de escoamento, o Endofill e Grossman apresentaram-se acima do estabelecido. Em relação à solubilidade, o Endomethasone N esteve dentro do padrão e os demais cimentos excederam. Conclusão:Todos os cimentos analisados obtiveram valores diferentes do recomendado para alteração dimensional. Nenhum dos cimentos enquadrou-se completamente nas normatizações.


Aim: To analyze the physical-chemical properties, flow, setting time, solubility and dimensional change of endodontic cements, based on zinc oxide and eugenol: Endomethasone N, Endo fill, and Grosmann, according to specification number 57 of the American Dental Association. Methods: The tests were conducted under environmental conditions of 23° ± 2°C and 50 ± 5% relative air humidity, maintained for 48 h prior to the procedures, repeating five times and obtaining an arithmetic mean. Results: The cements based on zinc oxide and eugenol analyzed in this study showed high hardening times. For the flow test, Endo fill and Grossman were above the established parameters. Regarding solubility, Endomethasone N was within the standard, while the other cements exceeded this standard. Conclusion: All analyzed cements obtained values that proved to be different from those recommended for dimensional changes. None of the cements were completely compliant with the regulations.


Assuntos
Solubilidade , Cimento de Óxido de Zinco e Eugenol , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades Físicas e Químicas , Cimentos Dentários , Óxido de Zinco , Eugenol
3.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4465, 01 Fevereiro 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-998270

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the effect of three different fiber reinforcement strategies on the fracture strength of composite resin restored endodontically treated premolars. Material and Methods: Seventy-two sound human premolars extracted for orthodontic reasons were divided into 6 groups (n=12) after endodontic treatment. Group 1: intact teeth (positive control); Group 2: endodontically treated teeth without restoration (negative control); Group 3: composite resin restoration; Group 4: placement of fibers at occlusal position; Group 5: splinting the buccal and palatal walls with horizontal fiber posts; Group 6: placement of fibers at the occlusal position after splinting the buccal and palatal walls with horizontal fiber posts. Then fracture strength was measured at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min in a universal testing machine. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and post hoc Tukey tests at α=0.05. Results: There were significant differences between the negative and positive control groups (p<0.001) and between the negative control group and all the other study groups (p<0.001). However, there were no statistically significant differences between the positive control group and all the experimental groups and between the experimental groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: Fiber insertion had no additional reinforcing effect on the fracture strength following composite resin restoration.


Assuntos
Resistência à Tração , Dente Pré-Molar , Teste de Materiais , Resinas Compostas , Dente não Vital , Análise de Variância , Irã (Geográfico)
4.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(6): e201900603, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019263

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose To Compare the extent and intensity of adhesions formed between the intra-abdominal organs and the intraperitoneal implants of polypropylene mesh versus polypropylene/polyglecaprone versus polyester/porcine collagen used for correction of abdominal wall defect in rats. Methods After the defect in the abdominal wall, thirty Wistar rats were placed in three groups (ten animals each) for intraperitoneal mesh implant: polypropylene group, polypropylene/polyglecaprone group, and polyester/porcine collagen group. The macroscopic evaluation of the extent and intensity of adhesions was performed 21 days after the implant. Results The polypropylene group had a higher statistically significant impairment due to visceral adhesions (p value = 0.002) and a higher degree of intense adherence in relation to polypropylene/polyglecaprone and polyester/porcine collagen groups (p value<0.001). The polyester/porcine collagen group showed more intense adhesions than the polypropylene/polyglecaprone group (p value=0.035). Conclusions The intraperitoneal implantation of polypropylene meshes to correct defects of the abdominal wall caused the appearance of extensive and firm adhesions to intra-abdominal structures. The use of polypropylene/polyglecaprone or polyester/porcine collagen tissue-separating meshes reduces the number and degree of adhesions formed.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Doenças Peritoneais/etiologia , Poliésteres/administração & dosagem , Polipropilenos/administração & dosagem , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Aderências Teciduais/etiologia , Colágeno/administração & dosagem , Dioxanos/administração & dosagem , Poliésteres/efeitos adversos , Polipropilenos/efeitos adversos , Teste de Materiais , Colágeno/efeitos adversos , Ratos Wistar , Parede Abdominal/patologia , Dioxanos/efeitos adversos
5.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(6): e201900601, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019269

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose To evaluate PBS®MCIMMO cement in the filling of bone defects. Methods Thirty-six adult male Wistar rats were divided into three groups of twelve individuals each (group 1, group 2 and group 3). In all groups, a bone failure in the femur was induced, 2.0 mm wide and 7.0 mm deep. In group 1, the PBS®MCIMMO cement was applied to the bone defect produced and a titanium implant (CONNECTION®) 1.5 mm thick and 6 mm long was installed. In group 2, only the PBS® CIMMO cement was installed. In group 3, only bone failure was performed. Kruskal Wallis tests were performed to compare the mean area among the three groups. Results In all comparisons, significance was observed for group 2 (p = 0.0014-0.0026). Conclusion The PBS®CIMMO cement induced bone neoformation, and integration between the newly formed bone, cement, and implant was observed.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Materiais Biocompatíveis/administração & dosagem , Cimentos para Ossos , Regeneração Óssea/fisiologia , Teste de Materiais , Cerâmica , Substitutos Ósseos/administração & dosagem , Fêmur/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Longitudinais , Ratos Wistar , Modelos Animais
6.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(7): e201900703, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038114

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To compare four types of mesh regarding visceral adhesions, inflammatory response and incorporation. Methods: Sixty Wistar rats were divided into four groups, with different meshes implanted intraperitoneally: polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE group); polypropylene with polydioxanone and oxidized cellulose (PCD); polypropylene (PM) and polypropylene with silicone (PMS). The variables analyzed were: area covered by adhesions, incorporation of the mesh and inflammatory reaction (evaluated histologically and by COX2 immunochemistry). Results: The PMS group had the lowest adhesion area (63.1%) and grade 1 adhesions. The ePTFE and PM groups presented almost the total area of their surface covered by adherences (99.8% and 97.7% respectively) The group ePTFE had the highest percentage of area without incorporation (42%; p <0.001) with no difference between the other meshes. The PMS group had the best incorporation rate. And the histological analysis revealed that the inflammation scores were significantly different. Conclusions: The PM mesh had higher density of adherences, larger area of adherences, adherences to organs and percentage of incorporation. ePTFE had the higher area of adherences and lower incorporation. The PMS mesh performed best in the inflammation score, had a higher incorporation and lower area of adherences, and it was considered the best type of mesh.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Próteses e Implantes/efeitos adversos , Telas Cirúrgicas/normas , Aderências Teciduais/patologia , Hérnia Incisional/cirurgia , Inflamação/patologia , Polipropilenos/efeitos adversos , Politetrafluoretileno/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Silicones/efeitos adversos , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Teste de Materiais , Vísceras/fisiologia , Celulose Oxidada/efeitos adversos , Aderências Teciduais/prevenção & controle , Ratos Wistar , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Parede Abdominal
7.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 18: e191406, jan.-dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1094951

RESUMO

Aim: To evaluate the bond strength (BS) and failure mode of orthodontic tubes treated with different alloy primers at the interface among enamel, resin and orthodontic tubes. Methods: Orthodontic tubes were bonded to the enamel of 80 bovine incisors with the orthodontic resin (Transbond XT, 3M Unitek). Prior to bonding, the tubes were chemically treated with (n=20) Metal/Zirconia Primer (MZ, Ivoclar), Scothbond Universal (SB, 3M Espe); Orthoprimer (OP, Morelli) or left untreated (Control - C). Specimens were submitted to 5,000 thermal cycles (5 and 55o C) to age the bonded interface. A shear BS test and failure modes were conducted, and the results were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and Fisher's exact test, respectively. Results: No differences were observed among groups regardless of the type of alloy primer used (p = 0.254). However, no differences were observed among the failure modes of the groups tested (p=0.694). The adhesive failure mode between the resin and enamel was the most prevalent failure (45%) for groups OP and C, whereas cohesive failure in the orthodontic resin was the most prevalent failure (40%) for groups SB and MZ. Conclusion: Alloy primers were unable to increase the BS of the orthodontic tubes to enamel


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Ortodontia , Teste de Materiais , Colagem Dentária , Resistência ao Cisalhamento
8.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 18: e191561, jan.-dez. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1095303

RESUMO

Aim: This study evaluated the fracture load and pattern failure of different prefabricated glass fiber posts (GFPs) of the same diameter. Methods: Seventy-eight (n=13 for six groups) GFPs of 1.6 mm coronal diameter of different brands were evaluated­ Exacto (Angelus), Power Post (BM4), White Post DC (FGM), HiRem (Overfibers), MAQ (Maquira), and SD (Supordont). The posts were subjected to fracture load testing (45° of inclination and 1 mm/min until fracture). Each factor (load (N) and shear stress (MPa)) was analyzed separately using one-way ANOVA followed by the Tukey test (α=0.05). Results: The type of failure was evaluated on a stereomicroscope (×10). The Power Post samples presented higher values of fracture load (p<0.001) followed by Maquira fiber post, White Post , HiRem, Superpost, and the Exacto posts. The failure pattern observed was intralaminar mode II in-plane shear, such as a failure occur parallel to fibers. Conclusion: Despite the same diameter of GFPs, the fracture load and shear resistance were brand-dependent


Assuntos
Estresse Mecânico , Teste de Materiais , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Vidro
9.
Araçatuba; s.n; 2019. 72 p. ilus, tab.
Tese em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1051325

RESUMO

Introdução: O tratamento endodôntico visa manter ou restabelecer a saúde do periodonto através do preparo biomecânico, utilizando instrumentos de níqueltitânio automatizados e associados com insertos ultrassônicos para potencializar a ação dos irrigantes. Os materiais empregados na endodontia que permanecerão em contato com tecidos devem apresentar biocompatibilidade e preferencialmente ser biomineralizador, a fim de selar comunicações (fisiológicas/iatrogênicas), isolando o sistema de canais radiculares. Objetivos: 1- Avaliar a resistência à fadiga cíclica das limas reciprocantes Genius e EdgeFile X1 Small, comparados à lima WaveOne Gold Primary; 2- Avaliar a capacidade de limpeza de um inserto ultrassônico de níquel titânio em ativação da irrigação de forma contínua e passiva; 3- Avaliar a biocompatiblidade e biomineralização do cimento reparador MTA Flow. Material e Métodos: Para avaliar a resistência à fadiga cíclica dos sistemas Genius, EdgeFile e WaveOne Gold, 80 instrumentos foram utilizados (n=20), divididos em 4 grupos experimentais: Genius 25.04, Genius 30.04; EdgeFile X1 Small e Wave One Gold Primary, acionados em um canal artificial de aço inoxidável com ângulo de curvatura de 60o e raio de curvatura de 5 mm. O tempo decorrido da ativação do motor foi gravado em um cronômetro digital e parado assim que a fratura foi detectada. O número de ciclos até a falha (NCF) e o tempo para fratura (TF) foram calculados e os comprimentos dos segmentos fraturados medidos. Para avaliar a capacidade de limpeza do inserto ultrassônico, 45 prémolares inferiores, padronizados em 16 mm foram utilizados. A instrumentação foi realizada até lima 50.04 sob irrigação com hipoclorito de sódio e foram divididos em 3 grupos (n = 15) de acordo com a técnica de ativação final da solução irrigadora: irrigação convencional (IC) (passiva com pressão positiva/sucção concomitante) como controle; ativação ultrassônica passiva (PUI) e ativação ultrassônica contínua (CUI) do irrigante. Os três grupos tiveram os protocolos de ativação/irrigação final em soluções de hipoclorito de sódio e EDTA. As amostras foram clivadas, as imagens obtidas com microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) e avaliadas quanto à capacidade de remoção da camada de smear layer no terço cervical, médio e apical, por um sistema de escores. Para análise biológica do material reparador MTA Flow, os materiais MTA Angelus e ProRoot MTA foram utilizados para comparação. Quarenta ratos receberam implantes subcutâneo de tubos de polietileno contendo os 3 materiais e tubo vazio como controle (n=10). Após 7, 15, 30 e 60 dias, os animais foram eutanasiados e os tubos removidos com o tecido conjuntivo circundantes. Infiltrado inflamatório e espessura da cápsula fibrosa foram avaliados histologicamente e indução da mineralização analisada por Von Kossa e sob luz polarizada. Os dados foram analisados com testes estatísticos específicos (p<5%). Resultados: Quanto à fadiga cíclica, os instrumentos EdgeFile X1 Small apresentaram maior resistência (NCF: 6175.74 ± 1608.99; TF: 1058.7 ± 275.82), seguido por ambos instrumentos Genius (p<0.05), de forma significativa comparados ao Waveone Gold Primary. O inserto de NiTi aumentou a limpeza, comparado com IC, principalmente no terço apical e CUI mostrou os melhores resultados (p<0.05). Nos resultados biológicos, MTA Angelus induziu a reação mais leve após 15 dias (p<0.05), seguido do MTA Flow. ProRoot MTA induziu uma inflamação severa no dia 7, reduzindo após 15 dias. Nenhuma diferença foi observada entre os materiais após 30 ou 60 dias (p>0.05). Estruturas coradas por Von Kossa e birrefringentes foram positivas para todos os materiais. Conclusões: 1- Os instrumentos EdgeFile X1 Small demonstraram maior resistência à fadiga cíclica que Genius e WaveOne Gold Primary. Ambos instrumentos Genius apresentaram resistência superior à WaveOne Gold Primary. 2- A ativação final do irrigante com o inserto NiTi melhorou a remoção de smear layer, com protocolo CUI superior à PUI ou IC. 3- O MTA Flow mostrou biocompatibilidade e induziu a biomineralização em todos os períodos observados(AU)


Introduction: The endodontic treatment aims to maintain or restore periodontal health through biomechanical instrumentation with nickel-titanium automatized instruments, associated with an ultrasonic tip to activate the irrigant, enhancing cleanness. Materials used in endodontics that will remain in contact with tissues, should demonstrate properties as biocompatibility and biomineralization ability, in order to seal communications (physiological/iatrogenic) isolating the root canal system. Objectives: 1- Evaluate the cyclic fatigue resistance of reciprocating Genius and EdgeFile X1 Small instruments compared to Waveone Gold Primary instruments; 2- Evaluate the cleaning effectiveness of a nickel-titanium ultrasonic tip in continuous and passive irrigant activation; 3-Evaluate the biocompatibility and biomineralization of MTA Flow repair cement. Materials and Methods: To evaluate the cyclic fatigue resistance of Genius, EdgeFile and WaveOne Gold, 80 instruments were used (n = 20), divided into 4 experimental groups: Genius 25.04, Genius 30.04; EdgeFile X1 Small and Wave One Gold Primary, reciprocating in a stainless steel artificial canal with a 60° angle of curvature and 5mm radius of curvature. The elapsed time of the motor activation was recorded in a digital timer and stopped as soon as the fracture was detected. The number of cycles to fracture (NCF) and time to fracture (TF) were calculated and the fractured segments lengths measured. To evaluate the ultrasonic tip cleanness capacity, forty-five mandibular premolars, standardized at 16 mm were used. The instrumentation was performed until file 50.04 under irrigation with sodium hypochlorite. The specimens were divided into 3 groups (n = 15) according to the final irrigant activation protocol: conventional irrigation (CI) (passive, with positive pressure/simultaneous aspiration) as control; passive ultrasonic irrigant activation (PUI) and continuous ultrasonic irrigant activation (CUI). All groups had the final activation / irrigation protocols with solutions of sodium hypochlorite and EDTA, standardized with same volume. Samples were sodium hypochlorite and EDTA, standardized with same volume. Samples were cleaved and images obtained through scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to assess smear layer removal in the cervical, middle and apical thirds, via a score system. To biologically analyze MTA Flow repair cement, MTA Angelus and ProRoot MTA cements were used as comparison. Forty rats received subcutaneous implants of polyethylene tubes containing the 3 cements and empty tube as control (n = 10). After days 7, 15, 30 and 60, the animals were euthanized and the tubes removed with the surrounding tissues. Inflammatory infiltrate and fibrous capsule thickness were histologically evaluated and mineralization induction assessed by Von Kossa staining and under polarized light. The data were analyzed with specific statistical tests (p<5%). Results: The cyclic fatigue test showed EdgeFile X1 Small with the highest resistance (NCF: 6175.74 ± 1608.99; TF: 1058.7 ± 275.82), followed by both Genius instruments (p<0.05). The nickel-titanium tip enhanced cleanness, compared to CI, mainly in the apical area, whereas CUI showed the best results (p<0.05). In the biological results, MTA Angelus induced the mildest reaction after 7 (p>0.05) and 15 days (p<0.05), followed by MTA Flow. ProRoot MTA induced severe inflammation on day 7, reducing after day 15 (p>0.05). No difference was observed after 30 or 60 days (p>0.05). Von Kossa staining and birefringents structures were positive for all materials. Conclusion: 1- EdgeFile X1 Small instruments demonstrated superior cyclic fatigue resistance than Genius and WaveOne Gold Primary. In addition, both Genius instruments showed superior resistance than WaveOne Gold Primary. 2- The final irrigant activation with the NiTi tip improved smear layer removal, with CUI protocol superior to PUI or CI. 3 - MTA Flow showed biocompatibility and induced biomineralization in all observed periods(AU)


Assuntos
Ratos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Teste de Materiais , Ultrassom , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Ratos Wistar , Endodontia , Inflamação
10.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2019. 77 p. il., tab., graf..
Tese em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1017100

RESUMO

Neste estudo foram caracterizadas superfícies de titânio (Ti) obtidas após utilização de diferentes temperaturas pela técnica de implantação iônica por imersão em plasma de oxigênio (O-IIIP), bem como correlacionado o efeito deste tratamento com a osteogênese e formação de biofilmes microbianos monotípicos. As amostras foram caracterizadas por meio de análises de química de superfície, rugosidade e textura da superfície, molhabilidade e resistência à corrosão. Além disso, análises de biocompatibilidade por meio de interação e viabilidade celular, conteúdo de proteína total, atividade de fosfatase alcalina e quantificação de nódulos de mineralização foram realizadas sobre a linhagem celular MG-63 (osteoblato humano). Análise de formação de biofilmes de Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mutans e Candida albicans sobre as superfícies também foi realizada. Os dados foram estatisticamente analisados por teste ANOVA e Tukey (p<0,05, p<0,001 e p<0,0001). Os resultados das análises de química de superfície demonstraram um aumento proporcional da quantidade de O conforme aumento da temperatura utilizada na técnica de O-IIIP, verificando ainda a presença de TiO2 nos grupos tratados a 500ºC e 600ºC. Foi observado que, em escala nanométrica, houve um aumento significativo da rugosidade e da área superficial nas amostras tratadas com O-IIIP conforme aumento da temperatura utilizada, apresentando ainda, um aumento significativo da hidrofobicidade e resistência à corrosão nas amostras tratadas com O-IIIP. A análise de biocompatibilidade demonstrou aumento significativo em relação à viabilidade celular, produção de proteína total, atividade de fosfatase alcalina e formação de nódulos de mineralização no grupo tratado com OIIIP a 600ºC, em relação aos demais grupos. Nas análises realizadas com biofilmes microbianos monotípicos foi verificada redução significativa de microorganismos, principalmente nos grupos submetidos ao tratamento com O-IIIP a 500ºC e 600ºC. Com isso, foi concluído que, as amostras submetidas à técnica O-IIIP apresentaram superfícies com variações químicas e físicas, as quais foram proporcionais ao aumento da temperatura utilizada no tratamento, sendo que o grupo tratado com temperatura mais elevada (600ºC) demonstrou influência positiva na atividade e diferenciação celular, além de exibir redução na formação de biofilmes monomicrobianos(AU)


In this study, titanium surfaces were produced by the ion implantation technique, immersing samples in oxygen plasma (O-IIIP), at different temperatures. Therapeutic effects of the surface modification were evaluated for osteogenesis and formation of monotypic microbial biofilms. Roughness, texture, wettability, corrosion resistance and chemical composition of the samples were characterized. Moreover, biocompatibility of the produced materials was verified by cell interaction and viability, total protein content, alkaline phosphatase activity, and quantification of mineralization nodules assays were performed on MG-63 (human osteoblate) cells. Biofilm formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mutans and Candida albicans on surfaces was also evaluated. Data were statistically analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey test. A proportional intensification in the amount of oxygen was observed as the temperature used in the O-IIIP technique raised, also, TiO2 was observed in the groups treated at 500 ºC and 600 ºC. At nanoscale, there was a statistic increase in both roughness and surface area in samples treated with O-IIIP as a result of the increase of the temperature used. Hydrophobicity and corrosion resistance were also higher in samples treated with OIIIP. According to the performed biocompatibility analyzes, cell viability, total protein production, alkaline phosphatase activity and the formation of mineralized nodules were stimulated and increased in the group treated with O-IIIP at 600 ºC, compared to the other groups. In the assays performed with monotypic microbial biofilms, a statistic reduction of microorganisms was observed especially in the groups submitted to O-IIIP treatment at 500 ºC and 600 ºC. Therefore, we demonstrated here that O-IIIP technique was able to chemically and physically modify surfaces, and these modifications were proportional to the increase in temperature used in the treatment. Samples treated with the highest evaluated temperature (600ºC) had a positive influence in cell activity and differentiation, and in reducing monomicrobial biofilms formation(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Osteogênese , Teste de Materiais/métodos , Biofilmes/classificação
11.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2019. 130 p. ilus, tab.
Tese em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1016413

RESUMO

A maioria das resinas compostas apresenta metacrilatos como principais monômeros em sua composição. A liberação de monômeros de metacrilato, associada aos produtos de polimerização, tem sido considerada como fonte de uma série de reações biológicas como toxicidade ou reações pulpares. Os objetivos deste estudo foram avaliar o desempenho clínico de restaurações em LCNC com resina composta considerando-se também a presença de citocinas IL-1ß e IL-6 no fluido crevicular gengival e a liberação de componentes resinosos para a saliva. Utilizou-se o sistema restaurador FL-Bond II, (sistema adesivo) / Beautifil Bulk (resina composta restauradora). Foi feito um estudo clínico longitudinal in vivo, no qual foram selecionados pacientes que apresentavam uma lesão cervical não cariosa com necessidade restauradora. Dentes anteriores e posteriores com LCNC e sensibilidade foram designados como grupo experimental e o dente correspondente como grupo controle. Previamente ao tratamento, houve avaliação periodontal, coleta de saliva e de fluido crevicular gengival (FCG). As restaurações foram confeccionadas e, após 10 minutos, 7 dias, 1 mês e 6 meses foi realizada avaliação clínica das mesmas de acordo com o critério Federal Dentist International (FDI) e da resposta periodontal. Adicionalmente, em todos estes períodos de avaliação houve coleta de saliva e de fluido crevicular. As amostras de saliva foram analisadas por LC-EM a fim de identificar eventual presença dos monômeros Bis-GMA e TEGDMA. As amostras de fluido crevicular foram analisadas utilizando-se método ELISA para identificação e quantificação de interleucinas. Para realizar as comparações inter e intragrupo dos parâmetros clínicos foi utilizado o teste de McNemar para as variáveis categóricas e o teste de Wilcoxon para as variáveis numéricas. Para comparar a classificação do critério FDI entre os tempos foi utilizado o teste de Stuart-Maxwell. Para a análise da saliva, os dados de quantidade de monômeros liberados ao longo do tempo foram submetidos ao teste t de Student e a relação com quantidade total liberada foram correlacionados com o número de restaurações e com o volume total coletado de cada restauração por meio da Correlação de Pearson. O desempenho clínico das restaurações de LCNCs de um sistema restaurador resinoso bulk- fill por meio dos critérios FDI foi considerado satisfatório ao longo de 6 meses. Os parâmetros clínicos periodontais Sangramento a Sondagem, Ìndice Gengival e Profundidade de Sondagem foram mais pronunciados em torno dos dentes restaurados. O material restaurador resinoso bulk-fill não causou alteração estatisticamente significante no volume de FCG e as citocinas ao redor de dentes restaurados na amostra avaliada. Não detectou-se Bis-GMA nas amostras de saliva coletadas antes, 01 e 06 meses após. A liberação de TEGDMA média antes da restauração foi estatisticamente menor do que após 10 minutos. Os resultados do presente estudo sugerem que a restauração do LCNC pode afetar os parâmetros clínicos periodontais, porém não foi capaz de afetar a liberação de citocinas e o volume de FCG. A liberação de Bis-GMA não foi considerada significante ao longo de 6 meses, entretanto a liberação de TEGDMA foi expressiva apenas 10 minutos após a execução da restauração.


Most composite resins present methacrylates as the main monomers of their composition. In composite resins, the release of methacrylate monomers, associated with the polymerization products, has been considered as the source of a series of biological reactions such as toxicity or pulp reactions. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the clinical performance of NCCL restorations with composite resin, to determine also the presence of IL-1ß and IL-6 cytokines in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and the release of resinous components to saliva. The FL-Bond II restorative system (adhesive system) / Beautifil Bulk (restorative composite resin) was used. A longitudinal clinical study was performed in vivo, where patients with a non-carious cervical lesion with a restorative need were selected. Anterior and posterior teeth with NCCL and sensitivity were designated as experimental group and the corresponding tooth as control group. Prior to the treatment, were performed periodontal evaluation, collection of saliva and gingival crevicular fluid. The lesions were restored and, after 10 minutes, 7 days, 1 month and 6 months, there was a clinical evaluation of the restorations according to the FDI criteria and the periodontal response were made. Additionally, in all of these evaluation periods there was collection of saliva and crevicular fluid were colleted. Saliva samples were analyzed by LC-MS in order to identify the possible presence of monomers. Crevicular fluid samples were analyzed using the ELISA method for identification and quantification of interleukins. To perform intra- and inter group comparisons of clinical parameters, the McNemar test for categorical variables and the Wilcoxon test for numerical variables were used. To compare the classification of the FDI criterion between the times, the Stuart-Maxwell test was used. For the analysis of saliva, the data of quantity of monomers released over time were submitted to Student's t-test and the relation with total amount released were correlated with the number of restorations and with the total volume collected from each restoration by means of Pearson's Correlation. The clinical performance of NCCL restorations of a bulk-fill resin restorative system by FDI criteria was considered satisfactory over 6 months. Considering the periodontal response of the surrounding tissue to the NCCL restorations, it was observed that periodontal clinical parameters Bleeding on Probing, Gingival Index and Prohibing on Depth were more pronounced around the restored teeth. The bulk-fill resin restorative material did not cause statistically significant changes in the volume of GCF and in the IL-1ß and IL-6 cytokines around restored teeth in the evaluated sample. No Bis-GMA was detected in the saliva samples collected before, 01 and 06 months after. For the Bis-GMA, there was no statistical difference between the analyzed periods. The mean TEGDMA release before the restoration was statistically lower than after 10 minutes. The results of the present study suggest that NCCL restoration may affect periodontal clinical parameters, but it was not able to affect the release of cytokines and the volume of GCF. The release of Bis-GMA was not considered significant over 6 months. However, the release of TEGDMA was significant only 10 minutes after the restoration was performed.


Assuntos
Adulto , Abrasão Dentária , Erosão Dentária , Teste de Materiais , Interleucinas , Resinas Compostas , Atrito Dentário , Cimentos Dentários , Esmalte Dentário , Metacrilatos
12.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(4): 1386-1393, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-975713

RESUMO

This study aimed to establish three-dimensional finite element models of micro-implants-lingual straight wire appliance and to investigate the effects of different wire patterns on the initial displacement of the maxillary anterior teeth and the stress of the periodontal ligament and tooth root during retracting maxillary anterior teeth in lingual orthodontics. A three-dimensional geometric models of maxilla with maxillary dentition was established using Cone-beam CT scan .Three types of maxilla models including microimplants and Duet-Slot Lingual Bracket appliance with three different arch wires ( model A: 0.016 inch × 0.022 inch stainless steel square wire; modelB: 0.016 inch stainless steel round wire; model C: double wire of 0.016 inch × 0.022 inch stainless steel square wire + anterior teeth 0.016 inch stainless steel round wire) were assembled by Unigraphics NX 8.5 software. The labial intrusion force and lingual retraction force were simulatively loaded to obtain initial displacement of the anterior teeth and the stresses of each tooth root and periodontal ligament, using three-dimensional finite element calculation software Ansys Workbench 15. The initial displacement of the lateral incisors was close to the bodily movement; and central incisors and lateral incisors slightly extruded. Compared with group A and group C, canine teeth appeared obviously horizontal "arched effect" by crown labial tipping in group B. The stress distribution of the tooth root and periodontal ligament was minimal and uniform in the group C. The 0.016 × 0.022- in stainless steel rectangular wire combined with 0.016- in stainless steel round wire used in the anterior teeth can better control the torque of the maxillary anterior teeth for space close in lingual orthodontics. Moreover, the stress distribution of tooth root and periodontal ligament is even, which is difficult to damage the periodontal ligament or result in external resorption of tooth root.


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo establecer modelos tridimensionales de elementos finitos de microimplantes linguales de alambre recto e investigar los efectos de diferentes patrones de alambre en el desplazamiento inicial de los dientes maxilares anteriores y el estrés del ligamento periodontal y la raíz del diente durante la retracción lingual sobre los dientes anteriores del hueso maxilar en ortodoncia. Se establecieron modelos geométricos tridimensionales del hueso maxilar con dentición utilizando una exploración por tomografía computarizada de haz cónico. Tres tipos de modelos maxilares, incluidos los microimplantes y el dispositivo Duet-Slot Lingual Bracket con tres arcos diferentes (modelo A: 0.016 pulgada × 0.022 pulgada alambre cuadrado de acero inoxidable; modelo B: alambre redondo de acero inoxidable de 0.016 pulgadas; alambre cuadrado de acero inoxidable de 0.016 pulgada × 0.022 pulgada y alambre redondo de acero inoxidable de 0.016 pulgada) ensamblados por el software Unigraphics NX 8.5. La fuerza de intrusión labial y la fuerza de retracción lingual se cargó simultáneamente, para obtener el desplazamiento inicial de los dientes anteriores y las tensiones de cada raíz dental y ligamento periodontal, usando el software tridimensional de cálculo de elementos finitos Ansys Workbench 15. El desplazamiento inicial de los incisivos laterales se relacionaba al movimiento corporal; mientra que los incisivos centrales e incisivos laterales se mostraron ligeramente extruidos. Comparado con el grupo A y el grupo C, los dientes caninos presentaron un "efecto arqueado" horizontal por la inclinación labial de la corona en el grupo B. La distribución del estrés de la raíz del diente y el ligamento periodontal fue mínima y uniforme en el grupo C. El alambre rectangular de acero inoxidable combinado con el alambre redondo de acero inoxidable de 0.016 usado en los dientes anteriores puede controlar mejor el torque de los dientes maxilares anteriores para cerrar el espacio en ortodoncia lingual. Además, la distribución del estrés de la raíz del diente y del ligamento periodontal es pareja, lo que dificulta dañar el ligamento periodontal o provocar una resorción externa de la raíz del diente.


Assuntos
Humanos , Fios Ortodônticos , Próteses e Implantes , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Aço Inoxidável , Estresse Mecânico , Língua , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Teste de Materiais , Maxila
13.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 22(4): 358-363, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-975614

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction With the need for hearing screenings increasing across multiple populations, a need for automated options has been identified. This research seeks to evaluate the hardware requirements for automated hearing screenings using a mobile application. Objective Evaluation of headphone hardware for use with an app-based mobile screening application. Methods For the purposes of this study, hEAR, a Bekesy-based mobile application designed by the research team, was compared with pure tone audiometric tests administered by an audiologist. Both hEAR and the audiologist's test used 7 frequencies (125 Hz, 250 Hz, 500 Hz, 1,000 Hz, 2000 Hz, 4,000 Hz and 8,000 Hz) adopting four different sets of commercially available headphones. The frequencies were regarded as the independent variable, whereas the sound pressure level (in decibels) was the dependent variable. Thirty participants from a university in Texas were recruited and randomly assigned to one of two groups, whose only difference was the order in which the tests were performed. Data were analyzed using a generalized estimating equation model at α = 0.05. Results Findings showed that, when used to collect data with the mobile app, both the Pioneer HDJ-2000 (Pioneer, Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan) (p> 0.05) and the Sennheiser HD280 Pro (Sennheiser, Wedemark, Hanover, Germany) (p> 0.05) headphones presented results that were not statistically different from the audiologist's data across all test frequencies. Analyses indicated that both headphones had decreased detection probability at 4kHz and 8kHz, but the differences were not statistically significant. Conclusion Data indicate that a mobile application, when paired with appropriate headphones, is capable of reproducing audiologist-quality data.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aplicativos Móveis , Testes Auditivos/instrumentação , Testes Auditivos/métodos , Audiometria de Tons Puros , Teste de Materiais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
14.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(9): 816-823, Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-973498

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To analyze the therapeutic potentials of different hydroxyapatites used for the correction of bone defects in rats. Methods: Forty rats, male, albino wistar, were distributed in 4 groups. They were submitted to a 3.5 mm defect in tibia. They received low purity hydroxyapatite, Strontium hydroxyapatite and hydroxyapatite doped with gallium, having a seven day evaluation time. Histopathology slides were stained with hematoxylin-eosin, for morphological evaluation. Were analyzed inflammatory processes, necrosis, presence of osteoclasts and osteoblasts, presence of the material, presence of white cells, neovascularization and bone neoformation. Results: It was observed that the groups HAPSr and HAPGa, presented better results of trabecular bone, hyaline cartilage and bone marrow more organized. Conclusion: There was improvement in the repair of the bone defect produced, showing that these hydroxyapatites are effective osteoinductive, osteoconductive, osteintegrant agents and have biocompatibility, and may be indicated for use in defect repairs.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Tíbia/cirurgia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Remodelação Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Substitutos Ósseos/farmacologia , Hidroxiapatitas/farmacologia , Teste de Materiais , Remodelação Óssea/fisiologia , Ratos Wistar
15.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(9): 792-798, Sept. 2018. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-973505

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the fibrosis induced by four different meshes: Marlex®, Parietex Composite®, Vicryl® and Ultrapro®. Methods: Histological cutouts of abdominal wall were analyzed with polarized light 28 days after the meshes implants and colorized by picrosirius to identify the intensity of collagen types I and III, and their maturation index. Results: When the four groups were compared, the total collagen area analyzed was bigger in groups A and D, with no difference between them. The collagen type I density was bigger in group A, with an average of 9.62 ± 1.0, and smaller in group C, with an average of 3.86 ± 0.59. The collagen type III density was similar in groups A, B and C, and bigger in group D. The collagen maturation index was different in each of the four groups, bigger in group A with 0.87, group B with 0.66, group D with 0.57 and group C with 0.33 (p = 0.0000). Conclusion: The most prominent fibrosis promotion in the given meshes was found on Marlex® (polypropylene mesh) and the Parietex Composite® (non-biodegradable polyester); the collagen maturation index was higher in the Marlex® mesh, followed by Ultrapro®, Parietex Composite® and Vicryl® meshes.


Assuntos
Animais , Poliésteres/efeitos adversos , Poliglactina 910/efeitos adversos , Polipropilenos/efeitos adversos , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Colágeno/efeitos adversos , Parede Abdominal/patologia , Poliésteres/administração & dosagem , Poliglactina 910/administração & dosagem , Polipropilenos/administração & dosagem , Fatores de Tempo , Fibrose/etiologia , Fibrose/patologia , Teste de Materiais , Aderências Teciduais/etiologia , Aderências Teciduais/patologia , Colágeno/administração & dosagem , Modelos Animais , Parede Abdominal/cirurgia
16.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(8): 673-683, Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-949378

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of the cellulosic exopolysaccharide membrane (CEM) as a urethral reinforcement for urethrovesical anastomosis. Methods: Twenty eight rabbits were submitted to urethrovesical anastomosis with or without CEM reinforcement. The animals were divided into 4 groups: C7, CEM7, C14 and CEM14: (C= only anastomosis or CEM = anastomosis + CEM), evaluated after 7 weeks, and 14 weeks. The biointegration and biocompatibility of CEM were evaluated according to stenosis, fistula, urethral wall thickness, urethral epithelium, rate of inflammation and vascularization. Results: Between the two experimental groups, the difference in the number of stenosis or urinary fistula was not statistically significant. The morphometric analysis revealed preservation of urethral lumen, well adhered CEM without extrusion, a controlled inflammatory process and implant vascularization. The urothelium height remained constant over time after CEM reinforcement and the membrane wall was thicker, statistically, after 14 weeks. Conclusion: The absence of extrusion, stenosis or urinary fistula after 14 weeks of urethrovesical anastomosis demonstrates cellulosic exopolysaccharide membrane biocompatibility and biointegration with tendency to a thicker wall.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Coelhos , Uretra/cirurgia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/uso terapêutico , Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Celulose/uso terapêutico , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Tempo , Uretra/patologia , Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Microbiologia Industrial/métodos , Teste de Materiais , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Celulose/biossíntese , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento , Pesquisa Médica Translacional , Neovascularização Patológica
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(4): 354-361, Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-886281

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To compare bone regeneration in critical-sized defects in rat calvarium using demineralized bone matrix and calcium phosphate cement. Methods: Thirty Wistar rats were divided into 3 groups of 10 animals each. Two defects of 5-mm were made in the parietal bones of each animal. Group I had calcium phosphate cement placed in the experimental defect, Group II had filled with demineralized bone matrix and Group III had with the combination of the matrix and cement in equal parts. All animals had one defect left unfilled to serve as controls. Five animals in each group were sacrificed at 4 and 8 weeks. Histomorphometric analysis was used to quantify the amount of new bone within the defects. Results: The results showed that demineralized bone matrix-treated defects had significantly more new bone at 4 weeks compared to calcium phosphate cement-treated defects (p=0.03) and also had significantly more new bone at 8 weeks compared to unfilled defects (p=0.04). Conclusions: The demineralized bone matrix was superior to calcium phosphate cement in bone regeneration. It seems that calcium phosphate cement acted by inhibiting the osteogenesis when associated with a demineralized bone matrix and this combination should not be recommended.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Cimentos para Ossos/farmacologia , Matriz Óssea , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfatos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Substitutos Ósseos/farmacologia , Osteogênese/fisiologia , Crânio/efeitos dos fármacos , Crânio/fisiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Regeneração Óssea/fisiologia , Teste de Materiais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento , Ratos Wistar
18.
Dent. press endod ; 8(1): 46-50, Apr-Jun. 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-883720

RESUMO

Introdução: o MTA Repair HP é um material à base de MTA, com modificações do radiopacificador e veículo, em relação ao MTA Angelus. Objetivo: avaliar o tempo de presa, a radiopacidade e solubilidade do MTA Repair HP na proporção pó-líquido indicada pelo fabricante (MTA HP+, sendo 0,8g de pó e 320 µl de líquido) ou com menor quantidade de pó (MTA HP-, sendo 0,7g de pó e 320 µl de líquido), em comparação ao MTA Angelus. Métodos: a radiopacidade foi avaliada por radiografias dos materiais, em comparação a uma escala de alumínio. O tempo de presa foi avaliado por agulhas de Gilmore e a solubilidade, após imersão dos materiais em água destilada (7 dias). Os dados foram analisados por meio dos testes ANOVA e Tukey, com um nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: os tempos de presa inicial e final foram maiores para o MTA HP- do que para o MTA HP+ e o MTA Angelus (p < 0,05). O MTA HP+ e o MTA HP- apresentaram maior solubilidade do que o MTA Angelus (p < 0,05). Os valores de radiopacidade do MTA HP+ e do MTA HPforam menores do que do MTA Angelus (p < 0,05). Conclusão: a diminuição da quantidade de pó-líquido do MTA HP resulta em tempo de presa mais longo, sem alteração das demais propriedades avaliadas. O MTA HP apresenta menor radiopacidade do que o MTA Angelus.


Assuntos
Análise de Variância , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Teste de Materiais/métodos , Propriedades Físicas e Químicas , Solubilidade
19.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(1): 82-87, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-888716

RESUMO

Abstract The goal of this study was to evaluate in vitro the effect of the photoinitiator phenylpropanedione (PPD), alone or combined with camphorquinone (CQ), on color stability of photoactivated resin cements and their bond strength to ceramics using a micro-shear test. Four resin cements were used: a commercial brand cement (RelyX Veneer®) and 3 experimental cements with different types and concentration of photoinitiators. For color analysis, ceramic discs were cemented on bovine dentin specimens to simulate indirect restorations (n=8) and were exposed to UV for 120 h and tested for color alteration using a reflectance spectrophotometer and the CIEL*a*b* system. Data were analyzed by Anova and Tukey's test at 5% significance level. The color test results did not present statistically significant difference for the ∆E for all the studied cements, neither for ∆L, ∆a and ∆b. For the bond strength, all the studied cements showed statistically significant differences to each other, with the highest result for the RelyX Veneer® (29.07 MPa) cement, followed by the cement with CQ (21.74 MPa) and CQ+PPD (19.09 MPa) cement; the lowest result was obtained by the cement using only PPD as a photoinitiator (13.99 MPa). So, based on the studied parameters, PPD was not advantageous as photoinitiator of resin cements, because it showed a low value of bond strength to the ceramics and no superior color stability.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar in vitro o efeito do fotoiniciador fenilpropanodiona (PPD), isoladamente ou em associação com a CQ, sobre a estabilidade de cor de cimentos resinosos fotoativados e sua resistência de união adesiva à cerâmica, por teste de microcisalhamento. Foram utilizados 4 cimentos resinosos, sendo um comercial (RelyX Veneer®) e 3 experimentais, diferindo entre si quanto ao tipo e concentração dos fotoiniciadores. Para a análise de cor foram cimentados discos cerâmicos sobre dentina bovina, simulando restaurações indiretas (n=8), sendo expostos a 120 h de UV e testados quanto às alterações de cor, que foram mensuradas empregando a escala CIEL*a*b*, por meio de espectrofotômetro de reflectância. Os dados obtidos foram verificados quanto à distribuição normal, submetidos a Anova e ao teste complementar Tukey, todos com significância de 5%. Os resultados do teste de cor não apresentam diferença estatisticamente significante para o ∆E dos 4 cimentos estudados, tampouco para ∆L, ∆a e ∆b. Para a resistência de união, todos os cimentos estudados apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre si, com o maior resultado para o cimento comercial RelyX Veneer® (29,07 MPa), seguido pelo cimento com CQ (21,74 MPa), e cimento de CQ+PPD (19,09 MPa); o menor resultado foi obtido com o cimento utilizando apenas o PPD como fotoiniciador (13,99 MPa). Portanto, para os parâmetros estudados, o PDD não se mostrou vantajoso como fotoiniciador de cimentos resinosos, pois apresentou baixo valor de resistência de união à cerâmica e não demonstrou superioridade quanto à estabilidade de cor.


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Luz , Cimentos de Resina/química , Cor , Teste de Materiais , Espectrofotometria/métodos
20.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(1): 93-98, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-888723

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro the influence of 20% glycolic ginger extract on the bond strength of glass-fiber post cemented with etch-and-rinse or self-etching resin cement. Forty-eight bovine roots were standardized (17±0.5 mm) and randomly divided into two groups, according to irrigant used during biomechanical preparation: NaOCl: 1% sodium hypochlorite and GEN: 20% glycolic ginger extract. Root canal was prepared and randomly assigned to one of two subgroups (n=12), according to luting protocol: self-etching (RelyX U200) and etch-and-rinse (RelyX ARC). After 48 h, the roots were sectioned perpendicularly (4 in cervical third and 3 in middle third) and submitted to push-out bond strength test (50 kgf load cell, 1.0 mm/min). Failure mode was analyzed in SEM and stereomicroscopy. Data were analyzed by three-way ANOVA and Tukey tests (p<0.05). ANOVA revealed that there were no significant differences between U200 (2.01±0.17)B and ARC (1.93±0.12)B in GEN group, and at the cervical third for both irrigants, 2.69±0.16A and 2.54±0.17A, respectively. Middle third showed lower bond strength than cervical third, regardless the irrigant. Overall, the cervical third regardless the irrigant employed and the association between NaOCl and ARC, presented better adhesive performance.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar in vitro a influência do extrato de gengibre 20% na resistência adesiva de pinos de fibra de vidro cimentados com cimentos resinosos convencional ou autocondicionantes. Quarenta e oito raízes bovinas foram padronizadas (17±0.5mm) e aleatoriamente divididas em dois grupos (n=24), de acordo com o irrigante utilizado durante o preparo biomecânico: NaOCl: hipoclorito de sódio 1%; e GEN: extrato glicólico de gengibre 20%. Os canais radiculares foram preparados e aleatoriamente distribuídos em dois subgrupos (n=12), conforme o protocolo de cimentação: autocondicionante (RelyX U200) e convencional (RelyX ARC). Após 48 h, as raízes foram seccionadas perpendicularmente (4 no terço cervical e 3 no terço médio) e submetidas ao teste de resistência adesiva push-out (50 kgf carga, 1.0 mm/min). O modo de falha foi analisado em MEV e estereomicroscopia. Os dados foram analisados pelos testes ANOVA 3-fatores e Tukey (p<0.05). ANOVA mostrou que não houve diferenças significativas entre U200 (2.01±0.17)B e ARC (1.93±0.12)B no grupo GEN, e no terço cervical para ambos os irrigantes (2.69±0.16A and 2.54±0.17A, respectivamente). O terço médio apresentou menor resistência adesiva que o terço cervical, independente do irrigante. Em geral, o terço cervical, independentemente do irrigante empregado, e a associação entre NaOCl e ARC apresentaram melhores desempenhos adesivos.


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Gengibre/química , Vidro , Teste de Materiais , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular
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