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1.
Food Sci. Technol (SBCTA, Impr.) ; 38(supl.1): 154-159, Dec. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1022419

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the application of good practices in hotel restaurants in Southern Brazil, relate these practices to the microbiological quality of the food offered, in addition to identifying contamination sources. The food and beverage sector of four hotels was evaluated by means of a checklist based on the Resolution 216/2014 of Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária and microbiological analyzes. Surface, utensil, equipment and handlers' hand samples were collected for coagulase positive Staphylococcus and thermotolerant coliform count. Isolates obtained from these culture counts were compared by band profiles obtained by rep-PCR. According to non-conformities observed, only one hotel was rated as excellent in good practices avaliation. Some microbiological analysis exceeded the allowed limit for the analyzed microorganism count, revealing failure in the hygiene-sanitary process. Genetic similarities between some food samples and handlers' hands and utensils were identified. These results showed inadequacies in the process of food care and handling which may compromise the quality of food offered to custumers.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Restaurantes , Inocuidade dos Alimentos , Manipulação de Alimentos , Staphylococcus , Vigilância Sanitária , Técnicas Microbiológicas/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Alimentos e Bebidas , Coliformes , Lista de Checagem
2.
Rev. direito sanit ; 17(3): 160-184, 2017.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDS | ID: biblio-832795

RESUMO

O presente artigo tem como objeto a compreensão da regulação da publicidade infantil de alimentos e bebidas não alcoólicas no Brasil. Entende-se que essa discussão deve ser contextualizada no âmbito mais abrangente do direcionamento de publicidade de qualquer produto, serviço ou marca ao público menor de 12 anos de idade, tendo em vista que a publicidade de alimentos e bebidas é uma espécie de prática comercial considerada abusiva e, portanto, ilegal pelas normas brasileiras e por recomendações de organismos internacionais. A publicidade, ao se dirigir diretamente à criança, utiliza-se de sua hipervulnerabilidade, em função de seu desenvolvimento inconcluso, para persuadi-la ao consumo, violando direitos assegurados pela legislação, como o direito ao respeito que compreende a inviolabilidade física, psíquica e moral. Especificamente, a publicidade infantil de produtos alimentícios e bebidas não alcoólicas com baixos valores nutricionais, além de se utilizar da vulnerabilidade infantil, impacta diretamente o aumento das taxas de obesidade e sobrepeso infantis, tornando-se, assim, um problema de saúde pública importante a ser regulado. No Brasil, a regulação dessa atividade comercial ocorre dentro do contexto amplo da restrição do direcionamento da comunicação mercadológica às crianças, a qual vem sendo discutida intensamente em diversos âmbitos do Estado, inclusive por meio de ações judiciais que geraram histórico precedente no Superior Tribunal de Justiça, considerando abusiva e ilegal tal prática


The objective of this present article is to understand the regulation of food and non-alcoholic beverage advertising aimed at children in Brazil. It is argued that this discussion must be contextualized within the broader debate on advertising that targets children of less than 12 years of age, of any product, service or brand, given that the advertising of food and drinks to children is a species of the broader commercial practice of advertising, which is considered abusive and therefore illegal under Brazilian rules and by the recommendations of international organizations. Advertising directly to children utilizes their hyper-vulnerability and their unfinished development to persuade them to consume, violating their rights guaran-teed by law, such as the right to respect comprising physical, mental and moral inviolability. Specifically, advertising of food and non-alcoholic beverages with low nutritional value to children, in addition to leveraging children's vulnerability, directly impacts increasing rates of childhood and weight, therefore becoming an important public health issue to be regulated. In Brazil, the regulation of this commercial activity takes place within the broader context of restricting marketing communication directed at children under 12 years of age,, which has been discussed extensively at various state levels, including through lawsuits that generated a historical precedent in the Brazilian Superior Court of Justice, which considered ins his decision this practice to be abusive and, therefore, illegal


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Consumo de Alimentos , Saúde da Criança , Alimentos e Bebidas , Marketing , Controle da Publicidade de Produtos , Publicidade de Alimentos , Defesa da Criança e do Adolescente , Meios de Comunicação , Sobrepeso , Obesidade
3.
Biociencias ; 12(2): 127-140, 2017.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-969945

RESUMO

El cultivo de células animales in vitro es un área de la biotecnología que en actualidad avanza a pasos agigantados debido a su gran campo de acción; la investigación médica, estudio de efectos fármacos y ambientales, trasplantes de tejidos y cirugías reconstructivas, en técnicas de fusión y manipulación genética, productos y subproductos celulares. Y sus grandes ventajas y beneficios que comprende el uso de esta técnica como: su facilidad de recrear condiciones controladas para el desarrollo celular, el potencial para desarrollar investigación que permite trabajar en pequeña, media y gran escala en pequeña y gran escala, la alternativa al uso de animales, y la reducción de costos entre otros, desde los primeros ensayos de sobre vida de células fuera de organismos, hasta el establecimiento de las primeras líneas celulares, y ya en la actualidad modificación genética controlada de células, el desa-rrollo de medios de cultivo libres de suero y el desarrollo de medios de cultivo libres de componentes animales que se desarrollan con técnicas asépticas de trabajo y material específico. Que permiten brindar una solución real a muchas enfermedades, lesiones, y alteraciones a las cual está expuesto el hombre, de allí la importancia de conocer su historia y su posible prospección.


The in vitro cell culture animals is an area of biotechnology that currently making strides due to its large field of action; medical research, drug research and environmental effects, tissue transplants and reconstructive surgeries in fusion techniques and genetic engineering, cell products and byproducts. And its great advantages and benefits comprising the use of this technique as: ease of recreating controlled conditions for cellular development, the potential for developing research that can work in small, medium and large scale in small and large scale, the alternative to use of animals, and cost reduction among others, from the first tests on living cells outside agencies, until the establishment of the first cell lines, and already today GM controlled cells, the development of media serum-free culture media and development of animal-free culture components that develop with aseptic working techniques and specific material. They allow provide a real solution to many diseases, injuries and disorders to which man is exposed, hence the importance of knowing their history and possible exploration


Assuntos
Animais , Técnicas In Vitro , Células , Alimentos e Bebidas
4.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 104(4): 166-174, oct.-dic. 2016. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-869381

RESUMO

Objetivo: analizar bebidas y alimentos de consumo frecuente para evaluar el pH, grados Brix (ºBx), efecto buffer a pH 5,5 y 7, y concentración de fosfatos, calcio y fluoruros. Materiales y métodos: en este estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal, se evaluaron 438 alimentos, divididos en 18 grupos. Se analizó pH, capacidad Buffer a pH 5,5 y 7, grados Brix y concentración de fosfatos, de fluoruros y de calcio. Los datos fueron procesados por SPSS Statistics 20 (IBM Corp., Estados Unidos). Resultados: las gaseosas, el jugo en polvo para diluir, las aguas saborizadas y las bebidas isotónicas presntaron menor pH. El rango de sólidos solubles, expresado en grados Brix, fue de 0,05 a 15,9. El mayor valor de efecto buffer correspondió a los jugos: exprimido, en polvo, listo para consumir y para diluir. En este último, se halló mayor cantidad de fosfato. Sólo en las aguas minerales con gas se observaron fluoruros. El alimento de soja líquido natural presentó el mayor contenido de calcio. Concusiójn: las gaseosas, los jugos, las leches fermentadas y las bebidas isotónicas, resultaron ser ácidas, con bajo efecto buffer, alto valor de grados Brix y contener pocos factores protectores.


Aims: to analyze drinks and foods commonly consumedby evaluating pH, degrees Brix, buffer effect at pH 5.5 and 7.0and phosphate, calcium and fluoride concentration.Materials and methods: In this observational, descriptiveand cross-sectional study, 48 foods were evaluated,divided into 18 groups. pH, buffer capacity at 5.5 and 7, degreesBrix and phosphate, fluoride and calcium concentrationwere analyzed. The data were processed by SPSS Statistics 20(IBM Corp., USA).Results: Soda, juice powder to dilute, flavored water andsports drinks had lower pH. The range of soluble solids (degreesBrix) was from 0.05 to 15.9. The greatest value in buffereffect was in juices: squeezed, powdered, ready to consumeand to be diluted. The latter had a higher amount of phosphate.Only sparkling mineral waters showed detectable valuesfor fluorides. The liquid natural soy food had the highestcalcium content.Conclusion: Soft drinks, juices, fermentable milk, isotonicdrinks were found to be acidic, with lower buffer value,high Brix degrees and low in protective factors.


Assuntos
Humanos , Alimentos e Bebidas/análise , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Erosão Dentária , Substitutos do Leite Humano , Bebidas Gaseificadas , Estudos Transversais , Cálcio/análise , Fluoretos/análise , Fosfatos/análise , Sucos , Águas Minerais , Leite de Soja , Análise Estatística
5.
Hig. aliment ; 30(260/261): 135-137, 30/10/2016.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-827203

RESUMO

Devido aos frequentes racionamentos no abastecimento de água da rede pública em Recife, os usuários passaram a adquirir com frequência água mineral envasada. Foram investigadas 23 diferentes marcas de águas minerais naturais, comercializadas em Recife. Os parâmetros de qualidade analisados neste estudo foram: coliformes totais e termotolerantes, nitrato, nitrito, cobre e manganês. Do total de amostras (n=23), dezesseis (16/23) apresentaram coliformes totais. Houve ausência de termotolerantes em todas as amostras analisadas. Nitrito e manganês apresentaram resultados superiores ao máximo permitido pela legislação vigente, em uma e três marcas, respectivamente. Esses resultados são preocupantes, pois representam risco à saúde da população.


Due to frequent rationing in public water supply in Recife, users began to acquire often bottled mineral water. Twenty three different brands of natural mineral water, sold in Recife were investigated. The quality parameters analyzed in this study were: total and thermotolerant coliforms, nitrate, nitrite, copper and manganese. Of the total sample (n = 23), sixteen (16/23) presented total coliforms. There was no thermotolerant in all samples analyzed. Nitrite, and manganese showed superior results to the maximum allowed by law, in one and three brands, respectively. These results are worrisome because they represent a risk to health.


Assuntos
Enterobacteriaceae , Escherichia coli , Eutrofização , Águas Minerais/análise , Águas Minerais/microbiologia , Controle de Qualidade , Consumo Comercial de Água , Alimentos e Bebidas
6.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 42(4): 409-413, dic. 2015.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-775514

RESUMO

Ultra-processed products are characterized by high contents of sugar, saturated fat and sodium. These products are entering the Colombian market through free trade agreements. One concern related to their consumption is the impact on weight gain and comorbidities associated with overweight and obesity, as well as changes in cultural habits and food sovereignty Scientific evidence has documented that consumption of ultra processed products contributes to chronic disease, thus increasing health care costs of treatment and rehabilitation. We must implement public policies that protect and inform the consumer, increasing the access and the right to a healthy diet, while reducing consumption of ultra-processed products such as sugar sweetened beverages and snacks. Inter-sectorial strategies are needed to face the potential purchasing and consumption patterns changes, promoting the development of food systems that recognize local dynamics of production. Increase control over the type and quality of ultra-processed products that are entering the country, and promote actions, along with food and nutrition education are also needed.


Los alimentos ultra-procesados se caracterizan por su alto contenido de azúcares, grasas saturadas y sodio. Estos alimentos están ingresando a Colombia por los Tratados de Libre Comercio (TLC). Una preocupación de su consumo es el impacto en la ganancia de peso progresiva y las comorbilidades asociadas al sobrepeso y la obesidad, así como el cambio de hábitos culturales y la soberanía alimentaria. La evidencia científica destaca que estos alimentos pueden generar enfermedades crónicas lo que incrementa los costos sanitarios debido al tratamiento y rehabilitación. Es necesario formular políticas públicas que protejan y orienten al consumidor, facilitando el acceso y el derecho a una alimentación saludable y mitigando el consumo de productos ultra-procesados como las bebidas azucaradas y los empaquetados. Se requieren estrategias y actores intersectoriales para hacer frente a los posibles cambios de compra y consumo, promover el desarrollo de sistemas alimentarios que reconozcan las dinámicas locales de producción. Realizar vigilancia y control sobre los productos ultra-procesados que ingresan al país y promover acciones de educación alimentaria y nutricional.


Assuntos
Comércio , Política Nutricional , Alimentos e Bebidas , Sobrepeso , Alimentos Preparados , Fast Foods , Obesidade , Cooperação Internacional
7.
Vitae (Medellín) ; 21(1): 9-10, 2014. Ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-979947

RESUMO

Since 1930s, production of synthetic plastics from non-renewable resources (mainly from petroleum) has been growing with applications in different fields. The use of plastics in packaging began after World War II. Polyethylene films introduced transparent and resealable bags, being the bread bags the first application of contact with food. Nowadays, packaging is the largest single market for plastics (about a quarter of the total production) with a high proportion used for direct contact with foods (1). Polymers and low molecular weight additives compose the plastics, where the latter are necessary to maintain the plastic properties (2). During the late-1970s and early-1980s there was a number of publications reporting that small molecules diffused through the polymer chains in the plastic and moved to the contained food by means of a process called migration (3, 4). This kind of interaction between plastic packaging and food opened a new research field, and many materials were analysed for migration. Also, the identity and quantification of the diffusion rate of the migrants were reported, and legislation was established in order to protect the health of consumers who were not aware about the plastic components contaminating their food (5). The beginning of the 21 Century brought new analytical technologies that helped to quantify migration levels that were not able to be detected with the 20 Century technologies. The researchers working in that field concluded at some point that the interaction between plastic and food exist in all the cases, and could be limited but not completely avoided.


Assuntos
Humanos , Tecnologia , Alimentos e Bebidas
8.
Rev. Inst. Nac. Hig ; 43(2): 57-69, dic. 2012. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: lil-702805

RESUMO

Las bebidas estimulantes son alimentos utilizados mundialmente por un número creciente de personas, sin ningún tipo de control o restricción bajo la creencia de proveerles mayor capacidad para resistencia física. No está comprobado que los ingredientes contenidos en ellas sean los recomendados e inocuos, pero hay evidencias de daños a la salud. La venta creciente y la publicidad que les confiere diferentes propiedades, puede constituir un problema de salud pública. Esta investigación propone una normativa para bebidas estimulantes que se reciben en el Instituto Nacional de Higiene “Rafael Rangel” con fines de registro sanitario, previa revisión de referencias teóricas y análisis descriptivo de la conducción de estas bebidas, en el Instituto. Corresponde a Proyecto Factible con modalidad descriptiva y exploratoria. Los datos se tabularon en porcentajes de acuerdo al tipo de ingrediente, valores de ingesta diaria, modo de uso, origen del fabricante, diferencia en lo declarado en el texto con otros documentos, indicación de fechas de elaboración y/o vencimiento y conformidad de la evaluación; los resultados se presentan en tablas. El ingrediente común en las bebidas del estudio es la cafeína. Parte de los componentes requieren restricciones de uso, su consumo no es recomendable en los alimentos, o superan los requerimientos diarios establecidos. Se observaron incongruencias en la información de los distintos documentos o falta de estos. La mayoría son de fabricación extranjera, indicaban las fechas de elaboración y vencimiento o no señalaban el modo de uso. Más de la mitad estaban conformes, aceptadas. La normativa propuesta incluye aspectos específicos basados en los resultados encontrados, ajustándose a normas nacionales y como referencia parámetros internacionales. Se recomienda que se denominen bebidas estimulantes y no energizantes, y que a la propuesta se le otorgue carácter legal.


Stimulant drink are foods used worldwide by a large number of people without any kind of control or restriction on the belief of providing greater capacity for endurance. There is evidence that the ingredients in these energy drinks are the recommended and safe but there is evidence that may damage health. The steadily increasing sales and advertising that gives them different properties to these products may constitute a public health problem. This research proposes a standard for stimulants drinks that are received in the National Hygiene Institute "Rafael Rangel" with ends of sanitary record, after review of theoretical references and descriptive analysis of the conduct of these drinks, in the Institute. Feasible refers to projects with descriptive and exploratory mode. The data are tabulated in percentages according to the type of ingredient, daily intake values, usage, origin of manufacturer difference in the findings in the text between documents, indicating dates of manufacture and / or maturity and conformity of evaluation results are presented in tables. The common ingredient in the study drinks is caffeine. Some of the components require restrictions on use, the consumption is not recommended in food, or exceed established daily requirements. There were inconsistencies in the information of the various documents or lack of them. . The majority they are of foreign manufacture, they were indicating the dates of production and maturity or were not indicating the way of use. Over half were satisfied and accepted. The proposed rule includes specific aspects based on the results obtained, in line with national standards and international standards as reference. It is recommended that stimulant drinks are denominated and energizing, and that the proposal be granted a legal character.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Alimentos e Bebidas/normas , Bebidas Energéticas/efeitos adversos , Alimentos/classificação , Saúde Pública , Bebidas Energéticas/classificação
10.
Hig. aliment ; 13(66/67): 44-7, nov.-dez. 1999.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-255187

RESUMO

Uma parte importante dos alimentos tradicionais, de bebidas locais ou de condimentos nos países em vias de desenvolvimento säo produtos fermentados. O "saber fazer" tradicional utiliza diversas técnicas de fermentaçäo para melhorar a textura, o aroma e sabor, a conservaçäo e o valor nutritivo de numerosos produtos agrícolas. No campo das raízes e tubérculos que tem uma importância considerável nesses países, as populaçöes utilizam igualmente a fermentaçäo em numerosas tecnologias tradicionais de transformaçäo da mandioca.


Assuntos
Fermentação , Alimentos e Bebidas , Manihot
11.
Hig. aliment ; 13(62): 44-7, jun. 1999. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-239660

RESUMO

Foi procedida a análise microbiológica de 19 amostras de polpas de abacaxi e acerola, coletadas nas Cooperativas do Maracanä, Matinha e feiras livres da cidade de Säo Luís-MA, durante os meses de outubro a dezembro de 1997. Os resultados comparados aos padröes microbiológicos segundo a Legislaçäo Brasileira indicaram que 20 por cento das polpas de acerola e 100 por cento das polpas de abacaxi encontravam-se fora dos padröes quanto à contagem de bolores e leveduras e 10 por cento das amostras de polpa de acerola com coliformes fecais. Näo foi observada a presença de Salmonella sp nas amostras analisadas.


Assuntos
Alimentos e Bebidas/análise , Frutas/microbiologia
14.
Lima; MINSA; 1994. 83 p. ilus.
Monografia em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-650872

RESUMO

Este documento detalla: introducción, desarrollo de los módulos: módulo epidemiológico, módulo de salud ambiental, módulo de higiene y protección de alimentos, módulo de presentación e higiene personal, adecuación del manual a los consumidores de alimentos en la vía pública, anexos.


Assuntos
Alimentos , Alimentos e Bebidas , Consumo de Alimentos
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