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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(3): e288-e291, jun. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1116957

RESUMO

El síndrome de Pierson se caracteriza por la presencia de síndrome nefrótico congénito y microcoria bilateral. Genéticamente, este trastorno está ocasionado por mutaciones en el gen LAMB2, que codifica la cadenaß2 de la laminina. Hasta la fecha, en la bibliografía se informaron 98casos y 50mutaciones diferentes. No existen terapias específicas para el síndrome de Pierson, y el tratamiento es complementario. El pronóstico es malo por la disfunción renal progresiva y las complicaciones de la insuficiencia renal. En este artículo, se informa sobre una mutación homocigota novedosa (c.1890G>C [p.Q630H]) en el gen LAMB2 en una paciente con síndrome de Pierson que tenía un fenotipo atípico, como epidermólisis ampollosa.


Pierson syndrome is characterized by congenital nephrotic syndrome and bilateral microcoria. Genetically, mutations in the LAMB2 gene, which encodes the laminin ß2 chain, lead to this disorder. To date, 98 cases and 50 different mutations have been reported in literature. There are no specific therapies for Pierson syndrome and treatment is supportive. The prognosis is poor because of progressive impairment of renal function and complications of renal failure. We report a novel homozygous mutation (c.1890G>T, p.Q630H) in the LAMB2 gene in a patient with Pierson syndrome who had atypical phenotypic feature such as epidermolysis bullosa


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Lactente , Mutação , Síndrome Nefrótica/diagnóstico , Turquia , Epidermólise Bolhosa , Evolução Fatal , Insuficiência Renal
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(3): e317-e323, jun. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1117350

RESUMO

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia es un microorganismo gramnegativo, multirresistente. La información sobre la bacteriemia por S. maltophilia en niños es limitada. Se revisaron los datos de 10 años de un hospital de niños de alta complejidad. Se incluyó a niños de 0 a 18 años con hemocultivos o cultivos del catéter positivos. Se identificaron 20 cepas de S. maltophilia en 12 niños con infección confirmada, cuya mediana de edad fue 28 meses (intervalo: 3,1-187,3). El índice de antibioticoterapia previa fue 83 %, con una mediana de tres antibióticos (intervalo: 0­7) en los 30 días previos a la bacteriemia por S. maltophilia. La infección relacionada con el catéter fue la principal fuente de infección (8/12). La mortalidad fue de 4/12; y en dos casos, estuvo asociada con neumonía. S. maltophilia puede considerarse un agente muy invasivo productor de bacteriemia en niños con enfermedad preexistente expuestos a antibióticos durante una hospitalización prolongada.


Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a multidrug-resistant, Gram-negative, and biofilm-forming pathogen. Information is limited concerning S. maltophilia bacteremia in children. Clinical data and microbiological test results collected in a tertiary children's hospital over a ten-year period were reviewed. Children 0­18 years old who had positive clinical specimen, blood and/or catheter cultures were included. We identified 20 S. maltophiliaisolates from 12 pediatric patients with confirmed infections. The median age was 28 months (range: 3.1-187.3). The rate of previous use of antimicrobial therapy was 83 %. The median antibiotic number was 3 (range: 0­7) within 30 days prior to onset of S. maltophilia bacteremia. Catheter related infection was the main infectious source (66.6 %). The mortality rate was 33.3 %. The death of two non-survivors was associated with pneumonia. S. maltophilia should be considered a breakthrough agent for bacteremia in children with underlying disease exposed to broad-spectrum antibiotics during long-term hospitalization


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Bacteriemia , Stenotrophomonas maltophilia , Turquia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cateteres , Infecções , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico
3.
J. nurs. health ; 10(4): 20104008, abr.2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1097484

RESUMO

Objetivo: contextualizar o sistema de saúde da Turquia e o enfrentamento à pandemia ocasionada pelo novo Coronavírus. Método: trata-se de um estudo teórico, exploratório baseado na leitura, análise e interpretação de textos científicos, leis e informações de sites oficiais do governo turco sobre o novo Coronavírus. Resultados: o governo turco sempre informou sobre a importância do isolamento social. Entretanto, uma parte da população não atendeu aos apelos feitos, por isso foram aprovadas leis visando restringir à circulação das pessoas. No momento, o aumento no número de casos e óbitos vem mantendo uma média e as restrições estão sendo reduzidas. Conclusões: testes rápidos são feitos em todos os suspeitos de contágio e o tratamento é gratuito nas instituições públicas, que estão bem equipadas. A população em geral e os profissionais de saúde precisam receber maior apoio por parte do governo.(AU)


Objective: to contextualize Turkey's health system and coping with new Coronavirus disease pandemic. Method: theoretical, exploratory study based on reading, analyzing and interpreting scientific texts, laws and information from official websites of the Turkish government about the new Coronavirus Results: the Turkish government has always informed the population about the importance of social isolation. However, part of the population did not fallow the recommendations, so laws were passed to restrict the people's circulation. At the moment the increase in the number of cases and deaths has been maintaining an average and the restrictions are being reduced. Conclusions: rapid tests are carried out on all suspected contagions and treatment is free in public institutions, which are well-equipped. The general population and healthcare workers need to get more support from the government.(AU)


Objetivo: contextualizar el sistema de salud de Turquía y el afrontamiento de la enfermedad pandémica debido al nuevo Coronavirus. Método: estudio teórico exploratorio basado en la lectura, análisis e interpretación de textos científicos, leyes e información de sitios web oficiales del gobierno turco sobre el nuevo Coronavirus. Resultados: el gobierno turco siempre ha informado a la población sobre la importancia del aislamiento social. Sin embargo, una parte de la población no siguió las recomendaciones, por lo que se aprobaron leyes para restringir la circulación de las personas. Por el momento el aumento en el número de casos y muertes se ha mantenido en promedio y las restricciones están reduciendo. Conclusiones: se realizan pruebas rápidas en todos los contagios sospechosos y el tratamiento es gratuito en las instituciones públicas, que están bien equipadas. La población general y los personales de salud necesitan obtener más apoyo del gobierno.(AU)


Assuntos
Turquia , Saúde Pública , Doenças Transmissíveis , Infecções por Coronavirus , Epidemias
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 444-447, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056460

RESUMO

This study was undertaken to determine the morphometry of the piriform aperture width and height in Turkish population aged between 18-60 years. It was a retrospective study in which 200 subjects were included 106 males and 94 females, ranging from 18 up to 60 years. Subjects having brain CT in the Radiology Department. Statistical analysis were evaluated with SPSS 21.00 programme. ANOVA Test were used to determine the significance between measurements and age group. The p<0.05 value was considered as significant. The groups were divided into four groups according to age. The overall means and standard deviations of the measurements were: piriform aperture height, 45.19±2.91 mm; piriform aperture width, 24.98±2.85 mm; the golden ratio, 1.84±0.19 in males, respectively whereas, the same measurements were 42.84±2.88; 23.46±2.15 mm; 1.83±0.19 in females, respectively. Also there were an increase in piriform aperture width measurement as the age increased. These anatomical values provides more important knowledge to determine the dimensions of these structures in clinic, surgical processes.


El estudio se realizó para determinar la morfometría del ancho y la altura de la abertura piriforme en la población turca de entre 18 y 60 años. Se llevó a cabo un análisis retrospectivo en el que se incluyeron 200 sujetos 106 hombres y 94 mujeres, entre los 18 y 60 años. Sujetos con TC cerebral en el Departamento de Radiología. El análisis estadístico se evaluó con el programa SPSS 21.00. La prueba ANOVA se utilizó para determinar la importancia entre las mediciones y el grupo de edad. El valor p <0,05 se consideró significativo. La muestra se dividió en cuatro grupos según la edad. Las medias generales y las desviaciones estándar de las mediciones fueron: altura de apertura piriforme, 45,19 ± 2,91 mm; ancho de apertura piriforme, 24,98 ± 2,85 mm; la proporción áurea, 1,84 ± 0,19 en varones, mientras que las mismas medidas fueron 42,84 ± 2,88; 23,46 ± 2,15 mm; 1,83 ± 0,19 en mujeres. También hubo un aumento en la medición del ancho de apertura piriforme a medida que la edad aumentó. Estos valores anatómicos proporcionan un conocimiento más importante para determinar las dimensiones de estas estructuras en procesos clínicos y quirúrgicos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Cavidade Nasal/diagnóstico por imagem , Turquia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Variância , Cavidade Nasal/anatomia & histologia
5.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): 95-101, abr. 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1099857

RESUMO

Introducción. El objetivo fue evaluar la concentración de vitamina D en niños sanos de 12 a 24 meses suplementados con vitamina D (400 UI/día) durante el primer año.Métodos. Estudio descriptivo transversal entre junio de 2015 y mayo de 2016 en Estambul. Se incluyó a niños de 12 a 24 meses en seguimiento en la clínica del niño sano y con suplementación con vitamina D durante el primer año. Se midió calcio, fósforo, fosfatasa alcalina, hormona paratiroidea y 25-hidroxivitamina D [25(OH)D]. Se definió suficiencia (>20 ng/ml), insuficiencia (15-20 ng/ml) y deficiencia (<15 ng/ml) de vitamina D.Resultados. El estudio incluyó 197 niños. El 26,9 % (n = 53) siguió recibiendo suplementación después del año (dosis media: 491 ± 267 UI/día). La concentración media de 25(OH)D fue 38,0 ± 13,9 ng/ml. La ingesta regular de vitamina D en menores de un año (p = 0,008) y la continuación de suplementación después del año (p = 0,042) aumentaron la concentración de 25(OH)D en niños de 12 a 24 meses. Hubo deficiencia en 4,1 % e insuficiencia en 7,1 %. El nivel educativo materno (p = 0,009) y la leche maternizada (p = 0,012) fueron factores protectores contra deficiencia o insuficiencia.Conclusiones. La concentración de 25(OH)D era suficiente en el 88,8 % de los niños de 12 a 24 meses con suplementación con vitamina D (400 UI/día) durante el primer año. Los niños sanos de 12 a 24 meses con una suplementación correcta de vitamina D en el primer año podrían no requerir suplementación.


Introduction. The aim of this study was to evaluate vitamin D levels between 12-24 month-old healthy children supplemented with vitamin D (400 IU/day) during the first year.Methods. Descriptive-sectional study conducted between June 2015, and May 2016, in Istanbul (latitude 41ºN). Children aged 12-24 months followed up by the well-child clinic who had vitamin D supplementation in the first year were included in the study. The levels of calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, parathyroid hormone and 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] were measured. Vitamin D status was defined as >20 ng/mL: sufficiency, 15-20 ng/mL: insufficiency and <15 ng/mL: deficiency.Results. The study was completed with 197 children. 26.9 % of children (n = 53) went on receiving supplementation after one year (mean dose 491 ± 267 IU/day). The mean 25(OH)D level was 38.0 ± 13.9 ng/mL. It was found that regular vitamin D intake under one year of age (p = 0.008) and continued support after one year of age (p = 0.042) increased level of 25(OH)D in children aged 12-24 months. Vitamin D deficiency was found in 4.1 % and vitamin D insufficiency in 7.1 %. Mother's education (p = 0.009) and use of formula (p = 0.012) were protective factors in relation to development of vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency.Conclusions. The level of 25(OH)D was sufficient in 88.8 % of children aged 12-24 months receiving 400 IU/day vitamin D supplementation in the first year. Vitamin D supplementation could not be required in healthy children aged 12-24 months who received properly vitamin D supplementation in the first year.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Vitamina D/sangue , Suplementos Nutricionais , Turquia , Vitamina D/administração & dosagem , Vitamina D/uso terapêutico , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Transversais , Análise Estatística
6.
Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (Impr.) ; 47(1): 13-18, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088744

RESUMO

Abstract Background A coalmine disaster has occurred in Turkey on 13 May 2014, which caused the death of 301 miners. Objective This study aimed to determine the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and the risk factors for PTSD among mine workers, 2 years after the coalmining disaster. Methods This was a cross-sectional survey conducted between June 2016 and July 2016 among mine workers who were the employees of either the mine where the accident occurred or three other mines in the same area. Sociodemographic data form and PTSD Symptom-Scale Self-Report (PSS-SR) were used to collect data. Results 672 mine workers participated in the study. At the time of the accident, 23.7% (n = 159) of them were in the mine where the accident occurred. The mean score on total PSS-SR was 4.27 (SD: ±4.49). Eighteen (2.7%) participants screened positive for PTSD. Logistic regression analysis revealed the significant risk factors for PTSD are: being single/divorced/widowed, having a chronic disease, having a family history of psychiatric illness and previously experiencing traumatic events more than one. Discussion Coalmining workers have considerably high prevalence rate of PTSD symptoms after a coalmining disaster. Assessing PTSD and associated risks is important for preventive mental health services.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Acidentes de Trabalho , Minas de Carvão , Mineradores/psicologia , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Sinais e Sintomas , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/prevenção & controle , Turquia , Riscos Ocupacionais , Saúde Mental , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Risco , Saúde do Trabalhador
7.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(1): e8-e15, 2020-02-00. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1095409

RESUMO

Introducción. Los probióticos y prebióticos presentan beneficios potenciales en la inflamacióncrónica de las mucosas, incluida la prevención de la enterocolitis necrosante. No obstante, los mecanismos y resultados de estos efectos inmunomoduladores son confusos. El objetivo fue investigar la respuesta de las citocinas a Lactobacillus y Bifidobacterium asociados con fructo- y galactooligosacáridos (simbióticos) y lactoferrina en recién nacidos de muy bajo peso al nacer.Población y métodos. Se asignó aleatoriamente a lactantes con ≤32 semanas de gestación y ≤1500 g de peso para recibir simbióticos o 1 ml de agua destilada como placebo desde la primera alimentación hasta el alta. Se obtuvieron muestras de sangre los días posnatales 0 ± 2, 14 ± 2 y 28 ± 2, y se midieron interferón-γ, interleucina (IL)-5, IL-10 e IL-17A.Resultados. En el grupo del estudio (n = 25), la concentración de IL-10 disminuyó a lo largo del estudio (p = 0,011), pero no cambió en el grupo de referencia. La concentración de IL-5 se mantuvo constante los primeros 14 días y luego disminuyó significativamente (p= 0,042) en el grupo del estudio, mientras que aumentó en los primeros 14 días (p = 0,019) y luego disminuyó en 28 días (p = 0,011) en el grupo de referencia (n = 25).La concentración de otras citocinas no cambió a lo largo del estudio.Conclusión. El uso combinado de probióticos con oligosacáridos y lactoferrina estuvo asociado con una disminución en la concentración de IL-10, pero no se observó un cambio en las otras citocinas.


Introduction. Probiotics and prebiotics, which are multifunctional agents, have potential benefits in chronic mucosal inflammation, including the prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis. However, the mechanisms and the results of these immunomodulatory effects are not clear. This study aimed to investigate the cytokine response to the combination of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium together with fructo- and galacto-oligosaccharides (symbiotic) and lactoferrin in very low birth weight neonates.Population and Methods. Infants ≤ 32 GWs and ≤ 1,500 g were randomly assigned to receive a symbiotic combination or 1 ml distilled water as placebo starting with the first feed until discharge. Blood samples were obtained at postnatal 0 ± 2, 14 ± 2, and 28 ± 2 days, and the serum levels of interferon-γ, interleukin (IL)-5, IL-10, and IL-17A were measured.Results. In the study group (n = 25), the IL-10 levels decreased throughout the study period (p = 0.011) but did not change in the control group. The IL-5 levels remained steady in the first 14 days and decreased significantly thereafter (p = 0.042) in the study group, whereas they increased in the first 14 days (p = 0.019), and then decreased in 28 days (p = 0.011) in the control group (n = 25). The levels of the other cytokines did not change throughout the study period.Conclusion.The combined use of probiotics with oligosaccharides and lactoferrin was associated with a decrease in IL-10 levels, but no change was observed in the other cytokines.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Citocinas/análise , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Prebióticos , Simbióticos/administração & dosagem , Lactoferrina/administração & dosagem , Oligossacarídeos/uso terapêutico , Turquia , Estudos Prospectivos , Citocinas/sangue , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso , Enterocolite Necrosante/prevenção & controle , Leite Humano
8.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(1): e16-e21, 2020-02-00. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1095573

RESUMO

Introducción. El objetivo fue evaluar las características clínicas y la evolución del reflujo vesicoureteral (RVU) según el sexo y grado de RVU.Población y métodos. Se incluyeron pacientes con RVU vistos durante el seguimiento de rutina entre enero de 2014 y enero de 2015. Se registraron las características demográficas, la evolución, los laboratorios y las imágenes.Resultados. Se seleccionó a 220 pacientes, cuya media de edad del diagnóstico era 3,17 ± 3,08 años; en ese momento, los varones eran menores que las niñas (2,00 ± 2,59 vs. 3,81 ± 3,15, p < 0,001). La infección urinaria fue la presentación más frecuente, seguida de hidronefrosis prenatal (HNP). El 22 % de los pacientes tuvo reflujo de grado 1-2; el 51 %, de grado 3; y el 27 %, de grado 4-5. En el reflujo de grado 4-5, las ecografías y gammagrafías con ácido dimercaptosuccínico (DMSA) marcado con 99mTc presentaron más anomalías, y se realizaron más cirugías (p < 0,001). En los varones, fueron más comunes el reflujo de grado 4-5 (43,6 % vs. 18,3 %) y las anomalías ecográficas (77 % vs. 54 %) y en la DMSA (77 % vs. 59 %) (p < 0,05). En las niñas, hubo mayores tasas de infección urinaria, disfunción de las vías urinarias inferiores y resolución espontánea (p < 0,05).Conclusiones. A pesar de la menor edad al momento del diagnóstico, la resolución espontánea fue menor en los varones, y estos presentaron HNP, reflujo grave y anomalías radiológicas más frecuentemente.


Introduction. The aim of the study was to assess the clinical features and outcome parameters of children with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) based on gender and VUR grade.Population and methods. Patients with VUR who were seen during routine follow-up visits at Ankara University Children's Hospital between January 2014-January 2015 were included in this retrospective study. Patient demographics, clinical course, laboratory investigations, imaging were noted.Results. Two hundred and twenty patients were recruited. Mean age at the time of diagnosis was 3,17 ± 3,08 years. Boys were diagnosed at younger ages as compared to girls (2.00 ± 2,59 vs. 3,81 ± 3.15, p < 0.001). Urinary tract infection (UTI) was the most common presentation. The second presentation form was antenatal hydronephrosis (AHN) which was more common in males (25.6 %, p < 0.001). Twenty-two percent of the patients had grade 1-2, 51 % grade 3 and 27 % grade 4-5 reflux. Patients with grade 4-5 reflux had more abnormal ultrasound (US) and Tech 99m dimercaptosuccinic acid scintigraphy (DMSA) findings and surgery was performed more frequently in this group (p < 0.001). In males, grade 4-5 reflux (43.6 % vs. 18.3 %), abnormal US (77 % vs. 54 %) and DMSA (77 % vs. 59 %) findings were more frequent (p < 0.05). In girls higher rates of UTIs, lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) and spontaneous reflux resolution were seen (p < 0.05).Conclusions: Despite younger age at diagnosis, spontaneous resolution was found lower in boys and they had more frequent AHN, more severe reflux, and radiological abnormalities.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Infecções Urinárias/diagnóstico , Refluxo Vesicoureteral/diagnóstico , Sinais e Sintomas , Turquia/epidemiologia , Sistema Urinário/anormalidades , Infecções Urinárias/cirurgia , Refluxo Vesicoureteral/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dados Demográficos , Hidronefrose
9.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1299-1304, Dec. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040128

RESUMO

The 2D:4D is thought as a biomarker for prenatal androgen exposure. Some studies have reported a significant difference between the sexes. Earlier studies reported variations in different ethnic and geographic groups. 2D:4D is related to several medical conditions including cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and metabolic syndrome (MetS). The present study investigated the relationships between hand preference, ratio of the index finger (2nd digit: 2D) and ring finger (4th digit: 4D) lengths (2D:4D), height, waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), waist circumference (WC) and weight, body mass index (BMI) in a Turkish population. The study comprised 118 healthy subjects (68 males and 50 females). 2D and 4D finger lengths and some anthropometric traits (height, weight, WC) were measured. The BMI and WHtR were calculated. Hand preference was determined by using a questionnaire (Edinburgh handedness inventory). Geschwind scores were calculated to evaluate the degree of hand preference. The mean age was 26.74 (female 27.86, male 25.89). The right hand 2D:4D was found significantly lower in males (0.9797) than in females (0.9922) (p< 0.001), but the left hand 2D:4D was insignificant. Significant correlations (negative) were observed between the 2D:4D (both left and right) and WHtR; the 2D:4D ratio (both left and right) and WC in males. However, in females, these correlations were insignificant. The R2D:4D was sexually dimorphic in a Turkish population. There were significant differences between strong right (SR) and weak left (WL) in terms of the R2D:4D. However only 5 subject's hand preference was found WL. Therefore, further studies are needed to determine the relationships between hand preference and R2D:4D in Turkish population. Further studies are needed to determine whether a larger sample population alters these possible associations between the ratio of 2D:4D and other investigated traits in a Turkish population.


El 2D:4D está pensado como un biomarcador para la exposición prenatal de andrógenos. Algunos estudios han reportado una diferencia significativa entre sexos. Estudios anteriores informaron variaciones en diferentes grupos étnicos y geográficos. 2D:4D está relacionado con varias afecciones médicas que incluyen enfermedades cardiovasculares (ECV) y síndrome metabólico (MetS). El presente estudio investigó las relaciones entre la preferencia de la mano, la proporción del dedo índice (2º dígito: 2D) y el dedo anular (4º dígito: 4D), longitudes (2D:4D), altura, relación cintura-altura (WHtR), circunferencia de cintura y peso (WC), e índice de masa corporal (IMC), en una población de Turquía. El estudio incluyó 118 sujetos sanos (68 hombres y 50 mujeres). Se midieron longitudes de dedos 2D y 4D y algunos rasgos antropométricos (altura, peso, WC). Se calcularon el IMC y el WHtR. La preferencia de la mano se determinó mediante el uso de una escala (Edinburgh Handedness Inventory). Las puntuaciones de Geschwind se calcularon para evaluar el grado de preferencia de la mano. La edad media fue de 26,74 años (femenino 27,86; masculino 25,89). La mano derecha 2D: 4D se encontró significativamente más baja en los hombres (0,9797) que en las mujeres (0,9922) (p <0,001), pero la mano izquierda 2D: 4D fue no significante. Se observaron correlaciones significativas (negativas) entre la 2D: 4D (izquierda y derecha) y WHtR y la relación 2D: 4D (izquierda y derecha) y WC en hombres. Sin embargo, en las mujeres, estas correlaciones fueron no significantes. El R2D: 4D fue sexualmente dimorfo en una población de Turquía. Hubo diferencias significativas entre la mano derecha fuerte (SR) y la mano izquierda débil (WL) en términos de R2D: 4D. Sin embargo, sólo se encontraron 5 preferencias de mano en el sujeto con WL. Por lo tanto, se necesitan más estudios para determinar las relaciones entre la preferencia de mano y R2D: 4D en la población de Turquía. Se necesitan más estudios para determinar si una muestra mayor altera estas posibles asociaciones entre la proporción de 2D: 4D y otros rasgos investigados en una población de Turquía.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Antropometria/métodos , Dedos/anatomia & histologia , Lateralidade Funcional , Turquia , Estatura , Peso Corporal , Índice de Massa Corporal , Circunferência da Cintura
10.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 845-851, Sept. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012363

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to emphasize the clinical importance of morphometry and the surgical parameters of the cervical vertebrae. The present study was carried out on ninety six adult dry cervical vertebrae (C3-C7, 96) of unknown gender of Turkish population. The various dimensions of the cervical vertebrae (from C3 to C7) were measured with using a digital caliper accurate to 0.01 mm. Linear parameters including vertebral body anteroposterior width (14.03 mm), vertebral body transverse width (24.45 mm); vertebral body height (10.64 mm); pedicle length (R:5.65±1.91 mm, L:5.65±1.76 mm); pedicle width (R:3.72 mm, L:3.61 mm); lamina height (R:9.87 mm, L:9.86 mm); lamina transverse length (R:13.41 mm, L:13.49 mm); superior articular process anteroposterior width (R:7.26 mm, L:7.46 mm); superior articular process transverse diameter (R: 9.87 mm, L:9.58 mm); superior articular process height (R:16.41 mm, L:16.08 mm); inferior articular process anteroposterior width (R: 7.67 mm, L:7.44 mm); inferior articular process transverse diameter (R: 10.32 mm, L:10.09 mm); inferior articular process height (R:12.72 mm, L:12.67 mm); spinous process length (17.91 mm); uncinate process width (R:4.37 mm, L:3.78 mm); uncinate process height (R:4.58 mm, L:3.93 mm); uncinate process length (R:9.28 mm, L:9.12 mm); vertebral foramen anteroposterior width (13.85 mm); vertebral foramen transverse diameter (20.88 mm); foramen transversarium anteroposterior width (R:4.23 mm, L:4.28 mm); foramen transversarium transverse diameter (R:4.78 mm, L:4.95 mm) were measured. Additionally, the distance of the apex of the uncinate process to foramen transversarium (R:2.91 mm, L:2.70 mm), and the distance of the apex of the uncinate process to intervertebral foramen (R: 5.77 mm, L:5.66 mm) were also calculated. There were found significant differences between two sides in the uncinate process width and height, and distance between uncinate process and foramen transversarium. Present measurements suggest that parameters relevant cervical vertebrae can be used as reference and anatomical landmark for evaluating pathologic changes and minimizing complications in the cervical spine.


El objetivo de este estudio fue enfatizar la importancia clínica de la morfometría y los parámetros quirúrgicos de las vértebras cervicales. El presente estudio se realizó en noventa y seis vértebras cervicales secas adultas (C3-C7) de sexo desconocido de la población turca. Las diversas dimensiones de las vértebras cervicales (C3 a C7) se midieron utilizando un calibrador digital con una precisión de 0,01 mm. Se determinaron parámetros lineales incluyendo ancho anteroposterior del cuerpo vertebral (14,03 mm), ancho transversal del cuerpo vertebral (24,45 mm); altura del cuerpo vertebral (10,64 mm); longitud del pedículo (R: 5.65 ± 1,91 mm, L: 5.65 ± 1,76 mm); ancho del pedículo (R: 3,72 mm, L: 3,61 mm); altura de la lámina (R: 9,87 mm, L: 9,86 mm); longitud transversal de la lámina (R: 13,41 mm, L: 13,49 mm); Diámetro anteroposterior del proceso articular superior (R: 7,26 mm, L: 7,46 mm); Diámetro transversal del proceso articular superior (R: 9,87 mm, L: 9,58 mm); Altura articular superior del proceso (R: 16,41 mm, L: 16,08 mm); Diámetro anteroposterior del proceso articular inferior (R: 7,67 mm, L: 7,44 mm); Diámetro transversal del proceso articular inferior (R: 10,32 mm, L: 10,09 mm); Altura del proceso articular inferior (R: 12,72 mm, L: 12,67 mm); longitud del proceso espinoso (17,91 mm); ancho del proceso uncinado (R: 4,37 mm, L: 3,78 mm); altura de proceso uncinado (R: 4,58 mm, L: 3,93 mm); longitud del proceso uncinado (R: 9,28 mm, L: 9,12 mm); Ancho anteroposterior del foramen vertebral (13,85 mm); Diámetro transverso del foramen vertebral (20,88 mm); Ancho anteroposterior del foramen transverso (R: 4,23 mm, L: 4,28 mm); Diámetro transverso del foramen transverso (R: 4,78 mm, L: 4,95 mm). Además, la distancia del vértice del proceso uncinado al foramen transverso (R: 2,91 mm, L: 2,70 mm) y la distancia del vértice del proceso uncinado al foramen intervertebral (R: 5,77 mm, L: 5,66 mm) Se encontraron diferencias significativas entre los dos lados, en el ancho y la altura del proceso uncinado, y la distancia entre el proceso uncinado y el foramen transverso. Las mediciones actuales sugieren que los parámetros relevantes de las vértebras cervicales se pueden usar como referencia y punto de referencia anatómicos para evaluar los cambios patológicos y minimizar las complicaciones en la columna cervical.


Assuntos
Humanos , Vértebras Cervicais/anatomia & histologia , Turquia
11.
Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (Impr.) ; 46(2): 44-49, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011145

RESUMO

Abstract Background Misperceptions on the higher rates of peer alcohol use are predictive of increased personal use among university students. Objectives This study aims to assess the prevalence, perceived peers' social norms and other predictors of alcohol use in a sample of Turkish university students. Methods This study is established upon the baseline Turkish data on alcohol use of the project Social Norms Intervention for the prevention of Polydrug usE (SNIPE). The data was obtained by a self-reported, online questionnaire from 858 students of Marmara University who were registered to the study web page. Results Alcohol use and drunkenness rates were 62.6%, and 40.9%, respectively. Twenty point two percent of students reported drinking alcohol at least once a week in the last two months. Majority of students (70.4%) reported that religion has an important or very important role in their lives. Perceived higher frequency of peer alcohol use (p<0.000) and drunkenness (p<0.000) were significantly associated with personal alcohol use frequency. Tobacco use rate was 60.2% and positively associated with alcohol use frequency (p<0.000). In all participants, male gender (OR: 1.56; 95% CI: 1.07-2.28), giving less importance to religion (OR: 20.91; 95% CI: 10.95-39.95), tobacco use everyday/almost everyday (OR: 17.88; 95% CI: 9.33-34.29), perceived positive peer attitude towards alcohol use (OR: 2.192; 95% CI: 1.25-3.82) and perceived higher frequency of peer alcohol use (OR: 3.487; 95% CI: 1.66-7.31) were found to be associated risk factors for alcohol use. Age (OR: 1.186, CI 95%: 1.03-1.36) and perceived positive peer attitude towards alcohol use (OR: 3.86, CI 95%: 1.84-8.09) were the additional risk factors among female student whereas perceived positive peer alcohol use frequency (OR: 8.08, CI 95%: 2.40-27.10) among male students. Discussion As the first study conducted in Turkey applying social norms theory, our results indicate the noticeable misperceptions of students regarding their peers' alcohol use. Based on our results, targeting both tobacco and alcohol use, and a gender-sensitive approach employing social norms interventions may enhance the preventive strategies for risky alcohol use among university students.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Fatores de Risco , Normas Sociais , Consumo de Álcool na Faculdade , Turquia , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Intoxicação Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Alcoolismo/epidemiologia , Uso de Tabaco/epidemiologia
12.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4716, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-998227

RESUMO

Objective: To qualitatively investigate whether a prototype brush composed of metal bristles collects oral epithelial cells effectively for cytological evaluation of oral mucosal lesions. Material and Methods: Twenty patients with suspicious oral mucosal lesions were enrolled. Patients were asked to gargle with saline and to deposit the oral rinse into specimen cup. Then, oral mucosal cell samples were collected using a metal oral brush, via sweeping motion. Punch biopsy was performed for histological examination. All samples were evaluated with liquid based cytology (LBC) according to the cellularity, the depth of the epithelial layer, cellular integrity by an oral pathologist. Results: Oral rinse provided samples with 100% cellular integrity and cellularity, mostly from the intermediary layers. With metal brush, both inadequate cellularity and cellular integrity was observed in 25% of the cases. Cellular integrity was adequate in 65%, cellularity was adequate in 45% of the lesions. Samples were dominantly from the intermediary layers, but in one case, metal brush collected cells from the parabasal layer. Conclusion: The narrow spiral pitch and width of metal bristles may have resisted to release the cellular samples collected. With adjustment of the spiral pitch and diameter of metal brush bristles, its' efficacy could be enhanced.


Assuntos
Humanos , Biópsia , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Precoce , Mucosa Bucal/patologia , Turquia , Técnicas Citológicas/métodos , Citodiagnóstico
13.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 32: 3, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-984850

RESUMO

Abstract Background: The aim of this study is to examine psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the fear of missing out scale (FoMOs) on three different study groups. Method: We conducted the construct validity of the Turkish FoMOs with confirmatory factor analysis, measurement invariance (study I; n = 354), and concurrent validity (study II; n = 371). We also evaluated the reliability of the Turkish FoMOs (study III; n = 61) using test-retest and Cronbach alpha reliability. Results: In study I, the confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the one-dimensional structure of the Turkish version of the FoMOs was verified. The results of measurement analysis depending on the sample of study I demonstrated that configural and metric invariances were established across Facebook and other social media users. The Cronbach alpha values calculated from the samples of study I (a = .79) and study II (a = .78) indicated that internal consistency of the scale was at the acceptable level. Lastly, test-retest reliability of the scale was found as .86 from the study III. Conclusion: Overall findings indicated that the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of FoMO scale were satisfactory to measure the FoMO in a wide range of ages in the Turkish context.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Ansiedade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medo/psicologia , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicometria , Traduções , Turquia , Comparação Transcultural
14.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(4): 1431-1438, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-975719

RESUMO

SUMMARY: We aimed to evaluate the morphology of normal lacrimal gland in three different axes in a Turkish population sample by using magnetic resonance (MR) images in relation to sex, age, and side. Cranial MR images obtained by 3 Tesla MR unit of 85 individuals (40 female, 45 male; mean age 42.20±23.30 years; age range 2-83 years) performed in Göztepe Medical Park Hospital between December 2015 and July 2017 for non-orbital diseases were evaluated retrospectively. Anteroposterior, craniocaudal, and transverse dimensions of the lacrimal gland were measured on axial, coronal, and sagittal planes of MR images, and were evaluated in relation to side, age, and sex. Axial transverse and sagittal craniocaudal dimensions of lacrimal gland were significantly greater in the right side, as the coronal craniocaudal and sagittal anteroposterior dimensions were greater in the left side. Female and male individuals showed differences in terms of right-left sides in most of the parameters. In Spearman's correlation analysis, age of individuals was negatively correlated with left axial anteroposterior (r=-0.347, p=0.020), left axial transverse (r=-0.439, p=0.003), left coronal transverse (r=-0.429, p=0.003), and right coronal transverse (r=-0.436, p=0.003) dimensions of lacrimal gland. This is the first study determining certain morphometric parameters of the lacrimal gland in Turkish population sample. The side of lacrimal gland, and sex and age of individuals affect its dimensions. On the basis of reference measurements in the present study, orbital MR imaging can be used for the evaluation of lacrimal gland and its pathologies.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la morfología de la glándula lagrimal normal en tres ejes diferentes en una muestra de población turca, mediante el uso de imágenes de resonancia magnética (RM) en relación con el sexo, la edad y lados izquierdos- derechos. Las imágenes RM obtenidas por RM 3 Tesla, en 85 individuos (40 mujeres y 45 hombres, edad media 42.20 ± 23.30 años, rango de edad entre 2 y 83 años) se realizaron en Göztepe Medical Park Hospital, entre diciembre de 2015 y julio de 2017. Considerando las enfermedades no orbitales, estas fueron evaluadas retrospectivamente. Se midieron las dimensiones anteroposterior, craneocaudal y transversal de la glándula lagrimal en los planos axial, coronal y sagital de las imágenes, y se evaluaron en relación con el lado, la edad y el sexo. Las dimensiones craneocaudal axiales transversales y sagitales de la glándula lagrimal fueron significativamente mayores en el lado derecho, y las dimensiones craneocaudal y anteroposterior sagital coronal fueron mayores en el lado izquierdo. Individuos femeninos y masculinos mostraron diferencias en términos de lados derecho-izquierdo en la mayoría de los parámetros. En el análisis de correlación de Spearman, la edad de los individuos se correlacionó negativamente con el anteroposterior axial izquierdo (r = -0.347, p = 0.020), transversal axial izquierdo (r = -0.439, p = 0.003), transversal coronal izquierdo (r = -0.429, p = 0.003), y las dimensiones transversales coronales derechas (r = -0.436, p = 0.003) de la glándula lagrimal. Este es el primer estudio que determina ciertos parámetros morfométricos de la glándula lagrimal en la muestra de la población turca. El lado de la glándula lagrimal, y el sexo y la edad de los individuos afectan sus dimensiones. En el presente estudio basado en las mediciones de referencia, la RM orbital se puede utilizar para la evaluación de la glándula lagrimal y sus patologías.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Órbita/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Aparelho Lacrimal/diagnóstico por imagem , Órbita/anatomia & histologia , Turquia , Aparelho Lacrimal/anatomia & histologia
15.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 22(4): 428-431, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-975595

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction Allergic rhinitis is one of the most common allergic diseases that cause a decrease in quality of life. Over the last decades, the increase in the number of cases is supposed to be a result of industrialization and lifestyle changes. Vitamin D, which is a steroid hormone, has a significant immunomodulatory and antioxidant role in the human body. Objective The objective of the present study is to investigate the role of 1α-25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 levels in allergic rhinitis patients and to compare them to the levels found in the healthy population. Methods A total of 256 participants were included in the present study. Allergic rhinitis is diagnosed with the help of the Allergic Rhinitis and Its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) guidelines confirmed through skin prick tests. Control subjects were selected among people without allergy history, which was also confirmed through skin prick tests. The levels of 1α-25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, immunoglobulin E (IgE), and eosinophil counts were measured in blood samples from both groups. Results The mean value of serum levels of 1α-25-hydroxyvitamin D3 was 25.5 ± 3.74 in the allergic rhinitis group, and 31.58 ± 3.85 in the control subjects. This difference reveals statistically-decreased levels in the allergic rhinitis group (p< 0.05). The total IgE levels are increased in the allergic rhinitis group (p< 0.05) and negatively correlated with the serum levels of 1α-25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (r = - 0.259, p< 0.05). Conclusion Lower serum levels of 1α-25-hydroxyvitamin D3 were detected in the allergic rhinitis population. This data is also correlated to the IgE response in the study group. A supplement of 1α-25-hydroxyvitamin D3 in deficient patients might be helpful to relieve symptoms and signs of allergic rhinitis, but further studies are needed.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Colecalciferol/sangue , Rinite Alérgica/diagnóstico , Turquia , Vitamina D/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/diagnóstico , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Testes Cutâneos
16.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(4): 885-890, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-974312

RESUMO

ABSTRACT In this study, the performance of the "RESIST-3 O.K.N. K-SeT" (Coris BioConcept, Gembloux, Belgium) immunochromatographic assay was evaluated in 132 Klebsiella pneumoniae comprising 102 carbapenem resistant and 30 carbapenem susceptible isolates. Genotypically known isolates of Gram negative bacteria (n = 22) including various species were also tested by the assay as controls. The isolates tested by the immunochromatographic assay and also were run PCR for bla KPC, bla IMP, bla VIM, bla NDM, and bla OXA-48. The rates of bla NDM, bla OXA-48, and bla KPC in carbapenem resistant isolates were found at 52.9%, 39.2%, and 2.0%, respectively. Both bla NDM and bla OXA-48 were found in six (5.9%) isolates. The results of the assay showed 100% concordance with those obtained by PCR in 132 K. pneumoniae. The agreement between the two methods was found to be identical at the isolate level. The assay also correctly detected all genotypically known isolates of Escherichia coli, Serratia marcescens, Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter cloacae, K. pneumoniae carrying bla KPC, bla NDM, and/or bla OXA-48. On the other hand, the assay did not exhibit any cross-reaction in control isolates harboring bla IMP and bla VIM. We conclude that the RESIST-3 O.K.N. K-SeT is a reliable, rapid, and user friendly test and we recommend it for routine diagnostic laboratories.


Assuntos
Humanos , Proteínas de Bactérias/análise , beta-Lactamases/análise , Infecções por Klebsiella/microbiologia , Imunoensaio/métodos , Klebsiella pneumoniae/enzimologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Turquia , beta-Lactamases/metabolismo , Carbapenêmicos/farmacologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Klebsiella pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação , Klebsiella pneumoniae/efeitos dos fármacos , Klebsiella pneumoniae/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia
17.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 94(5): 498-503, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-975996

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: The study aimed to determine the practices used by breastfeeding mothers to wean their children from the breast. Method: This qualitative-quantitative research was conducted with mothers whose children were registered the pediatric clinics of a state hospital between June and September 2016. In accordance with a purposeful sampling method, 232 mothers of children between the ages of 2 and 5 years were included in the study. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews using a questionnaire with demographic characteristics of mothers as well as their weaning practices. The data obtained were analyzed with a computer-assisted program using number and percentage distributions. Results: The mean breastfeeding duration was 19.00 ± 7.11 months. It was determined that the majority of mothers (56.5%) used traditional methods for weaning their children. These included applying substances with a bad taste (58.1%) to their breasts, covering their breasts with various materials (26.2%) to make the child not want to nurse anymore, and using a pacifier or feeding bottle (9.2%) to substitute for the mother's breast. Conclusions: It was observed that more than half of the mothers were used some traditional practices that could cause trauma in their children, instead of natural weaning.


Resumo Objetivo: O estudo visou determinar as práticas utilizadas por mães em amamentação para desmamar seus filhos do peito. Método: Essa pesquisa qualitativa-quantitativa foi realizada com mães cujos filhos foram registrados em clínicas pediátricas de um hospital estadual entre junho-setembro de 2016. De acordo com o método de amostragem proposital, 232 mães de crianças com idades entre 2 e 5 anos foram incluídas no estudo. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevistas presenciais que utilizam um questionário com características demográficas das mães, bem como suas práticas de desmame. Os dados obtidos foram analisados com um programa de computador que utiliza distribuições numéricas e percentuais. Resultados: A duração média de amamentação foi de 19 ± 7,11 meses. Foi determinado que a maior parte das mães (56,5%) utilizou métodos tradicionais para desmamar seus filhos. Esses métodos incluíram aplicar substâncias com gosto ruim (58,1%) em seus seios, cobrir seus seios com materiais diversos (26,2%) para fazer com que seu filho deixe de querer mamar e utilizar chupeta ou mamadeira (9,2%) para substituir o peito da mãe. Conclusões: Foi observado que mais da metade das mães estavam utilizando algumas práticas tradicionais que podem causar trauma em seus filhos, em vez do desmame natural.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Adulto , Desmame , Alimentação Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Comportamento Materno , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Turquia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pesquisa Qualitativa
18.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(5): 651-658, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-949955

RESUMO

Abstract: Background: Androgenetic alopecia is one of the most common forms of hair loss. Alopecia areata is a common autoimmune disorder which causes hair loss. It has been previously reported that both alopecia disorders can have negative effects on quality of life. However, only a few studies have compared the effects of the two disorders. Objective: The aim is to show the impact of alopecia on patients' quality of life and compare patients with androgenetic alopecia and alopecia areata. Methods: 82 androgenetic alopecia and 56 alopecia areata patients were recruited. All patients were evaluated with the Hairdex scale and dermatology quality of life instrument in Turkish (TQL), and the scores were statistically compared according to age, sex, employment and education status, and severity of illness in the two groups. Also, female patients were statistically evaluated according to whether they wore headscarves. Results: Androgenetic alopecia patients had significantly higher total Hairdex scores in terms of emotions, functioning, and symptoms, while self-confidence was significantly higher in the alopecia areata patients. No significant differences were found in stigmatization or TQL scores between groups. The Hairdex scale and TQL scores did not show differences between the groups in terms of wearing headscarves. Study limitations: The validity and reliability of the Hairdex index have not been established in Turkey. Conclusions: Based on the Hairdex scale, our findings revealed that androgenetic alopecia patients are more affected by their disorder than alopecia areata patients. Although androgenetic alopecia is common and neither life-threatening nor painful, it is a stressful disorder with increased need for improvement in the patient's quality of life.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Alopecia/psicologia , Alopecia em Áreas/psicologia , Autoimagem , Turquia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários , Distribuição por Sexo
19.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(4): 256-261, ago. 2018. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-950040

RESUMO

Introducción: La ingestión de un cuerpo extraño (CE) es un accidente frecuente en el hogar en la edad pediátrica; su manejo oportuno por especialistas puede evitar complicaciones a corto y largo plazo. Objetivo: Describir características y complicaciones de los CE en el tubo digestivo en población pediátrica. Material y métodos: Estudio transversal, retrospectivo y prospectivo. Se incluyeron pacientes con diagnóstico de ingestión de un CE desde enero de 1971 a diciembre de 2016. Se recabaron características generales de los pacientes, tipo de objeto, métodos de extracción y complicaciones. Se realizó análisis descriptivo. Resultados: Durante 45 años, se extrajeron 2637 CE localizados en faringe (n= 118), esófago (n= 2410), estómago (n= 103) e intestino (n= 6). Predominaron en el sexo masculino (50,9%); 74% fueron en menores de 5 años. El 57% llegó en las primeras 24 horas; sialorrea, disfagia y vómito fueron los principales síntomas y un 16% estaba asintomático. La radiografía permitió localizar el CE en el 93%; el más ingerido fue la moneda (78%); la localización más común fue el tercio superior del esófago (79%); el 86% se extrajo con endoscopio rígido y las complicaciones se presentaron en el 7,8% de los casos. Conclusiones: La ingestión de un CE predomina en menores de 5 años, y los metales son los más frecuentes. La radiografía simple es el estudio de elección, que permite realizar el diagnóstico y la extracción es por vía endoscópica con endoscopio rígido o flexible según la experiencia del endoscopista.


Introduction: Foreign body (FB) ingestion is a common home accident during childhood; a timely management by the specialists may help prevent complications in the short and long term. Objective: To describe the characteristics and complications of FB ingestion located in the gastrointestinal tract in the pediatric population. Material and methods: Two phases, retrospective, and prospective study. Patients diagnosed with FB ingestion between January 1971 and December 2016 were included. The general characteristics of patients, FB type, removal method, and complications were registered. A descriptive analysis was performed. Results: Over 45 years, 2637 FBs were removed from the pharynx (n= 118), the esophagus (n= 2410), the stomach (n= 103), and the intestines (n= 6). Male patients predominated (50.9%); 74% were younger than 5 years. Besides, 57% arrived within the first 24 hours; ptyalism, dysphagia, and vomiting were the main symptoms; 16% of patients had no symptoms. It was possible to locate the FB using an X-ray in 93% of cases; the most common FBs were coins (78%); the most frequent location was the upper third of the esophagus (79%); 86% of FBs were removed using a rigid endoscope, and complications were observed in 7.8% of patients. Conclusions: FB ingestion predominated among children younger than 5 years; metal objects were the most common ones. A plain X-ray is the test of choice for diagnosis; removal is usually done with a rigid or flexible endoscope, depending on the endoscopist's experience.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Broncoscopia , Esofagoscopia , Corpos Estranhos/diagnóstico , Turquia/epidemiologia , Criança Hospitalizada , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Corpos Estranhos/terapia , Corpos Estranhos/epidemiologia
20.
Acta bioeth ; 24(1): 105-115, jun. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-949313

RESUMO

Abstract: 18. Aim: We aimed to receive the opinions of the preclinical medical students on medical ethics education, and to present some suggestions for the education program. Methods: Focus group discussions were held with third-grade medical students. The analyses were implemented using Creswell's six-step qualitative data analysis. Results: During the data analysis, themes with the following titles were identified: necessity of the education, content, education methods, assessment, participation, contribution of the education, moving to clinical training and suggestions. Discussion: The students stated that the discussions on movies/books/case-based scenarios are more useful than lectures. Although they believed that student assessment was necessary for the medical ethics education, they had negative attitudes towards Multiple Choice Questions. At the stage of moving to the clinical training, their feelings and thoughts about the learning outcomes they would gain from ethical education were contradictory. Conclusion: Each theme and code obtained from the students' expressions may contribute to improving medical ethics education for all institutions. Besides student education, it is also necessary the faculty development programs on medical ethics education for clinical teachers. Additionally, further studies can be conducted on the actions that need to be taken to help students internalize the ethical issues and feel the need of learning more.


Resumen: 22. Nuestro objetivo consistió en recibir las opiniones de estudiantes de medicina en pre-clínica sobre educación en ética médica y presentar algunas sugerencias para el programa de educación. Métodos: Se mantuvo discusiones de grupo focal con estudiantes de medicina de tercer grado. Se implementó el análisis cualitativo de datos de seis pasos de Creswell. Resultados: Mediante el análisis de datos, se identificaron los siguientes temas: necesidad de la educación, contenido, métodos de educación, evaluación, participación, contribución de la educación, el paso a formación clínica y sugerencias. Discusión: Los estudiantes consideraron que las discusiones sobre películas/libros/escenarios de casos eran más útiles que las clases dictadas. Aunque pensaban que la evaluación de los estudiantes era necesaria para la educación en ética médica, no valoraron positivamente las pruebas de preguntas con respuesta múltiple. En el paso a la formación clínica, sus sentimientos y pensamientos sobre los resultados del aprendizaje en educación ética eran contradictorios. Conclusión: Cada tema y código obtenido de las propuestas de los estudiantes puede contribuir a mejorar la educación en ética médica en las instituciones. Además de la educación, también es necesario desarrollar programas sobre educación ética médica para los profesores clínicos. Además, se pueden realizar más estudios sobre las acciones que se necesitan tomar para ayudar a los estudiantes a internalizar los temas éticos y sentir la necesidad de aprender más.


Resumo: 26. Objetivo: tivemos como objetivo coletar as opiniões dos estudantes pré-clínicos de medicina no ensino da ética médica e apresentar algumas sugestões para o programa de ensino. Métodos: foram realizadas discussões em grupos focais com estudantes do 3º período de medicina. As análises foram implementadas usando o método qualitativo de seis etapas de Creswell. Resultados: Durante a análise de dados, os seguintes temas foram identificados: a necessidade da educação, conteúdo, métodos de ensino, avaliação, participação, contribuição da educação, transição para o treinamento clínico e sugestões. Discussão: Os alunos concluíram que as discussões sobre filmes/livros/estudos de caso são mais úteis que aulas expositivas. Embora eles acreditassem que a avaliação de alunos era necessária para o ensino da ética médica, eles tinham atitudes negativas em relação a questões de múltipla escolha. Na fase de transição para o treinamento clínico, seus sentimentos e pensamentos sobre os resultados da aprendizagem, que eles obteriam com o ensino da ética eram contraditórios. Conclusão: Cada tema e código obtidos das opiniões dos alunos podem contribuir para melhorar o ensino da ética médica para todas as instituições. Além do ensino dirigido ao aluno, é necessário que haja também programas de desenvolvimento do corpo docente acerca da educação de ética médica. Ademais, mais estudos podem ser realizados sobre as ações que precisam ser tomadas para ajudar os alunos a interiorizar as questões éticas e sentir a necessidade de aprender mais a respeito.


Assuntos
Humanos , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Ética Médica/educação , Turquia , Grupos Focais , Pesquisa Qualitativa
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