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1.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 39(2): 101-111, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32749120

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to be involved in cancer initiation and evolution, including colorectal cancer (CRC). Nuclear-enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1) exerts important functions in multiple cancers; however, the specific modulatory mechanism in CRC demands in-depth exploration. The expression levels of NEAT1, microRNA-195-5p (miR-195-5p), and centrosomal protein 55 (CEP55) were examined using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and protein expression of CEP55 was detected by Western blot assay. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazole-2-y1)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and flow cytometry. Transwell migration and invasion assays were applied to evaluate cell metastasis ability. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to analyze the correlation among NEAT1, miR-195-5p and CEP55. The expression of NEAT1 was up-regulated in CRC tissues and cells, and overall survival was lower with high expression of NEAT1. Knockdown of NEAT1 repressed cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, while inducing apoptosis in CRC cells. NEAT1 targeted miR-195-5p and inhibited the expression of miR-195-5p. Silence of NEAT1 inhibited CRC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, and promoted apoptosis by up-regulating miR-195-5p. MiR-195-5p targeted and suppressed CEP55 expression, and CEP55 reverted the effects induced by miR-195-5p. NEAT1 regulated the expression of CEP55 through miR-195-5p. NEAT1 promotes colorectal cancer cellular processes by regulating CEP55 expression via the sponging of miR-195-5p. Therefore, NEAT1 might play a crucial role in CRC treatments.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Apoptose/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Mucosa Gástrica/citologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Células HCT116 , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo
2.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(7): 721-726, 2020 Jul 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32610385

RESUMO

Objective: To study the clinicopathological characteristics and pathologic diagnosis of autoimmune gastritis. Methods: Fourteen biopsies of autoimmune gastritis were collected from January 2018 to March 2019 at Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital. Their clinical data, histological features and immunohistochemical (IHC) results were analyzed, with review of relevant literature. Results: All 14 patients' ages ranged from 41 to 79 years (mean 55 years). There were 12 females and 2 males. All patients had non-specific symptoms, but they all had positive serum anti-parietal cell antibody and/or anti-intrinsic factor antibody. Seven patients had variable degree of anemia. Two patients had concomitant H. pylori infection. Two patients presented with multiple protruding polyps in corpus/fundus, 0.2 to 0.9 cm in diameter, or multiple large lobulated and broad based polyps (0.8 to 3.5 cm in diameters). The former cases were diagnosed as type 1 neuroendocrine tumors, the latter were multiple hyperplastic polyps. Microscopically, autoimmune gastritis showed typical morphology, characterized by diffuse corpus-restricted atrophic gastritis with variable proportions of intestinal metaplasia, or pseudopyloric metaplasia, pancreatic, acinar metaplasia, foveolar hyperplasia and hyperplasia of the endocrine-like cells (ECL cells). Hyperplasia of ECL cells often needed IHC staining to confirm. CgA/Syn IHC stain highlighted linear and micronodular ECL cell hyperplasia. In the absence of concurrent or past H. pylori infection, the antrum was usually normal. Gastrin IHC stain showed hyperplasia of gastrin-producing cells (G cells) in the antrum. Two cases were in the early phase, six were in florid phase, and six were end phase. Conclusions: Most patients of autoimmune gastritis have non-specific symptoms or are asymptomatic and show various endoscopic findings. There are three histologic phases of autoimmune gastritis. Recognition of this entity would be beneficial for pathologists to avoid misdiagnosis. Pathologists can make preferred diagnosis of autoimmune gastritis depending on the histologic clues and prompt appropriate and timely management for the patients.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes , Gastrite , Adulto , Idoso , Celulas Tipo Enterocromafim , Feminino , Mucosa Gástrica , Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
3.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 47(7): 1105-1107, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32668862

RESUMO

A 57-year-old man visited our hospital for evaluation of an abnormal shadow identified on chest radiography. Chest computed tomography findings suggested diffuse bone metastases in the thoracic spine and the bilateral ribs. Notably, 18- fluoro-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography revealed no evidence of the primary tumor. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a small flat depressed lesion in the greater curvature of the gastric angle. Histopathological examination of this specimen revealed a signet-ring cell carcinoma. Histopathological examination of a biopsy obtained from the right iliac bone revealed a signet-ring cell carcinoma similar to that observed in the gastric mucosa. He was diagnosed with a gastric signetring cell carcinoma with multiple bone and bone marrow metastases. Cervical metastases caused gradual worsening of respiratory functions, necessitating artificial ventilation. He died of sudden ventricular tachycardia on the 36th day. Clinicians should be aware of the features of primary gastric cancer with bone and bone marrow metastases for early diagnosis and prompt treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Medula Óssea , Carcinoma de Células em Anel de Sinete , Neoplasias Gástricas , Neoplasias da Medula Óssea/secundário , Carcinoma de Células em Anel de Sinete/secundário , Mucosa Gástrica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
4.
Life Sci ; 256: 117977, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32603822

RESUMO

AIMS: Silibinin is the major component of flavonolignans complex mixture (Silymarin), which is obtained from Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. Despite several reports about silibinin, little is known about its effects on gastric diseases. Then, the present study aims to evaluate the silibinin effect against Helicobacter pylori infection, gastric tumor cells and immunomodulation. MAIN METHODS: The anti-H. pylori effect was performed on 43504 and 43629 strains by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) determination, observing morphological alterations by scanning electron microscopy and in silico evaluation by molecular docking. Immunomodulatory activity (Interleukins-6 and 10, TNF-α and NO inhibition) was determined in H. pylori-stimulated macrophages and the cytotoxic activity on gastric adenocarcinoma cells prior and after metabolization by S9 fraction. KEY FINDINGS: Silibinin showed anti-H. pylori activity with MIC of 256 µg/mL, promoted important morphological changes in the bacterial cell wall, as blebs and clusters, suggesting interaction with Penicillin Binding Protein (PBP) subunits. Immunomodulatory potential was observed at 50 µg/mL with the inhibition of produced cytokines and NO by H. pylori-stimulated macrophages of 100% for TNF-ɑ, 56.83% for IL-6, and 70.29% for IL-10 and 73.33% for NO. Moreover, silibinin demonstrated significant cytotoxic activity on adenocarcinoma cells (CI50: 60.17 ± 0.95 µg/mL) with a higher selectivity index (SI: 1.52) compared to cisplatin. After metabolization silibinin showed an increase of cytotoxicity with a CI50 six-fold decrease (10.46 ± 0.25). SIGNIFICANCE: The use of silibinin may become an important alternative tool in the prevention and treatment of H. pylori infection and, consequently, in gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/prevenção & controle , Helicobacter pylori/efeitos dos fármacos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular/métodos , Silibina/farmacologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/prevenção & controle , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Mucosa Gástrica/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Gástrica/microbiologia , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/patologia , Helicobacter pylori/fisiologia , Camundongos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana/métodos , Células RAW 264.7 , Silibina/química , Silibina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
5.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 45(6): 446-53, 2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643880

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the profile of metabolites of gastric mucosa involving the effectiveness of moxibustion in the treatment of syndromes of stomach heat (SH) and stomach cold (SC) by 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) spectroscopy in rats, so as to reveal its mechanisms underlying improvement of gastric disorders. METHODS: Male SD rats were randomly divided into control, SH-model, SC-model, SH-moxibustion and SC-moxibustion groups (n=6 rats/group). The SH-model and SC-model were established by gavage of pepper liquid plus ethanol, and ice water plus NaOH, respectively. Moxibustion was applied to bilateral "Zusanli" (ST36) and "Liangmen"(ST21) for 20 min, once daily for 7days. Histopathological changes of the gastric tissue were observed by H.E. staining. Differential metabolites in the gastric mucosal tissue were detected and the relevant metabolic pathways analyzed by using 1H-NMR, pattern recognition method,and online MetPA (http: //www.metaboanalyst.ca). RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the body mass was decreased significantly from the 4th to 14th day after modeling (P<0.05,P<0.01). After the treatment, the body mass was obviously increased from the 10th day on in both SH-EA and SC-EA groups relevant to the SH and SC model group, respectively (P<0.05,P<0.01). H.E. staining showed severe damage of the columnar epithelial structure of the gastric mucosa and inflammatory cell infiltration in the SH group, and inflammatory cell infiltration in the SC model group, which were relatively milder in both moxibustion groups. 1H-NMR analysis displayed a total of 16 potential biomarkers in the injured gastric mucosa of SH syndrome and 14 biomarkers for the SC syndrome after mode-ling, and 13 metabolites related to SH moxibustion and 8 metabolites related to SC moxibustion after moxibustion interventions, respectively. After moxibustion, among the 13 differential metabolites of the SH syndrome, the effectively up-regulated candidates were isoleucine, creatinine, choline and lactate (P<0.05), and the down-regulated ones were choline phosphate, glycine, alanine, urine pyrimidine, tyrosine, phenylalanine, hypoxanthine, adenosine and nicotinamide (P<0.05). Among the 8 metabolites related to the SC syndrome, creatinine, ethanolamine, choline, adenosine and nicotinamide were markedly increased (P<0.05), and glycine, creatine phosphate and tyrosine remarkably decreased in their levels after moxibustion (P<0.05). MetPA showed that moxibustion could regulate 10 metabolic pathways for SH syndrome and 7 metabolic pathways for SC syndrome. Metabolites and metabolic pathways are mainly involved in functions of amino acid metabolism, energy metabolism and inflammatory response. CONCLUSION: The idea of "moxibustion could be used for heat syndrome" has metabolic substance basis, and its efficacy in repairing the injured gastric mucosa involves regulation of amino acid metabolism, energy balance and inflammation response, and moxibustion for SH and SC syndromes has both generality and specificity in regulating metabolic activities.


Assuntos
Moxibustão , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Temperatura Baixa , Mucosa Gástrica , Temperatura Alta , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Síndrome
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(21): e20361, 2020 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481329

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Gastric adenocarcinoma of the fundic gland type (GA-FG) is a newly described entity that is characterized by well-differentiated neoplasm with unclear etiopathogenesis. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 60-year-old Chinese man was referred to our hospital for abdominal distension. DIAGNOSIS: Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) showed a depressed lesion found using in the greater curvature of the stomach. The pathological diagnosis of the biopsy specimens indicated that the tumor was GA-FG (chief cell predominant type, GA-FG-CCP). INTERVENTIONS: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was performed. The histopathological examination of the ESD specimen revealed gastric hyperplasia of the fundic gland type around the adenocarcinoma cells. OUTCOMES: The surgical outcomes were good. The EGD showed a scar with no recurrence, and no symptoms were observed 1 year postoperatively during the follow-up. CONCLUSION: We present a rare case of a depressed lesion with a pathogenic expression suggesting gastric hyperplasia of the fundic gland type around the adenocarcinoma cells. Considering the origin of oxyntic mucosa, we consider that it may develop into GA-FG. To understand this issue better, similar cases should be monitored in the future.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Mucosa Gástrica/anormalidades , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , China , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa/métodos , Endoscopia do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Feminino , Mucosa Gástrica/diagnóstico por imagem , Mucosa Gástrica/fisiopatologia , Helicobacter pylori/efeitos dos fármacos , Helicobacter pylori/patogenicidade , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucina-6/análise , Pepsinogênio A/análise
7.
Chem Biol Interact ; 327: 109166, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32531310

RESUMO

Boldine is the main alkaloid of Peumus boldus Molina, widely used in the traditional medicine for the treatment of digestive disorders. It is a compound with excellent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties already described. Despite the widespread use of P. boldus for digestive disorders treatment, the gastroprotective effect of Boldine remains unknown. Considering the need for new approaches to treat gastric ulcers with fewer side effects than current therapy, this study aimed to investigate the gastroprotective effect of Boldine in mice, as well as the mechanisms underlying this effect. The gastroprotective effect of Boldine was evaluated on gastric ulcer induced by 60% ethanol/0.3 M HCl or indomethacin (100 mg/kg) in mice. Histological analysis and the mucin-like glycoprotein content were evaluated in ethanol-ulcerated tissue, as well as, oxidative stress and inflammatory parameters. The mechanisms involved in the effect of Boldine were evaluated by pretreating mice with NEM (a sulfhydryl group chelator, 10 mg/kg, i.p.), l-NAME (a non-selective nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, 70 mg/kg, i.p.), yohimbine (an alpha-adrenergic receptor antagonist, 2 mg/kg, i.p.) and indomethacin (a cyclooxygenase inhibitor, 10 mg/kg, i.p.). In addition, the in vitro effect of Boldine on H+/K+-ATPase activity was determined. Boldine was able to protect gastric mucosa against the damage induced by ethanol/HCl and indomethacin, as evidenced by reduced lesion area and histological analysis. Moreover, the alkaloid reduced oxidative stress and inflammatory mediators in ethanol-ulcerated tissue, beyond has increased mucin-like glycoprotein amount. Finally, Boldine effect is dependent on non-protein sulfhydryl groups and prostanoids but does not involve the inhibition of H+/K + -ATPase activity, being a promising natural resource for gastric ulcer treatment.


Assuntos
Antiulcerosos/farmacologia , Aporfinas/farmacologia , Mucosa Gástrica/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Úlcera Gástrica/prevenção & controle , Animais , Etanol , Feminino , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , ATPase Trocadora de Hidrogênio-Potássio/metabolismo , Indometacina , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Prostaglandinas/metabolismo , Coelhos , Úlcera Gástrica/induzido quimicamente , Compostos de Sulfidrila/metabolismo
8.
Am J Med Sci ; 359(6): 347-353, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CD19+IL-10+B cells are considered as a particular subset of immunosuppressive cells by producing interleukin 10 (IL-10), which plays an important role in infectious and autoimmune diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the number of CD19+IL-10+B cells in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) positive patients in comparison with H. pylori negative patients, and to determine the association with different clinical outcomes, such as gastritis and peptic ulcer disease (PUD), in infected patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We studied 25 infected patients with gastritis, 25 infected patients with PUD, and 25 patients negative for H. pylori. The number of CD19+IL-10+B cells was determined by immunofluorescence. RESULTS: The number of CD19+IL-10+B cells in patients infected with H. pylori was significantly 2.5-fold higher than uninfected patients (P < 0.0001). Also, the number of CD19+IL-10+B cells in infected patients with gastritis was significantly 1.45-fold elevated compared to infected patients with PUD (P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that the increased number of CD19+IL-10+B cells in infected patients and its association with other cells may play an important role in the pathogenesis of H. pylori infection.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD19/metabolismo , Linfócitos B/microbiologia , Mucosa Gástrica/metabolismo , Infecções por Helicobacter/imunologia , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Mucosa Gástrica/microbiologia , Gastrite/sangue , Gastrite/microbiologia , Helicobacter pylori , Humanos , Masculino , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Úlcera Péptica/sangue , Úlcera Péptica/microbiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 45(5): 384-8, 2020 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447853

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of acupoint catgut embedding on histopathological changes of gastric mucosa and expression of mucosal hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1α and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) proteins in chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) rats, so as to explore its mechanisms underlying improvement of CAG. METHODS: Male SD rats were divided into blank group (n=10) and model group (n=9) and catgut embedment group (n=10). The CAG model was established by free drinking of N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitroso-guanidine solution (100 µg/mL) and irregular diet. Catgut embedment was applied to "Zhongwan" (CV12) and bilateral "Zusanli" (ST36) and "Pishu" (BL20), once every 10 days, 6 times in total. Histopathological changes of gastric mucosal tissue were observed under microscope after H.E. staining. The expression of HIF-1α and VEGF proteins in the antrum of stomach was detected by Western blot. RESULTS: H.E. staining showed that compared with the blank group, the number of rats with glandular necrosis, atrophy and mucosal stasis in the model group were increased significantly (P<0.001, P<0.05).Compared with the model group, the number of rats with gland necrosis, atrophy and mucosal stasis in the catgut embedment group were significantly reduced (P<0.01, P<0.05). Western blot displayed that the expression levels of HIF-1α and VEGF proteins were significantly higher in rats with blood stasis and model group than in those without blood stasis and the blank group (P<0.01), and were considerably down-regulated in the catgut embedment group than in the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Acupoint catgut embedment can improve the injury of gastric mucosa in CAG rats, which may be associated with its function in down-regulating the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF proteins in the gastric mucosa.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Categute , Gastrite Atrófica , Animais , Mucosa Gástrica , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
10.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(3): 338-344, 2020 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32386028

RESUMO

Helicobacter pylori (Hp) is a Gram-negative microaerobic bacterium, which is parasitic on gastric mucosa and is associated with the pathogenesis of chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer, gastric cancer and other gastric diseases. Meanwhile, the Hp infection is related with pregnancy-related diseases, pregnancy outcomes, and the health status of offspring, such as infertility, premature delivery, abortion, Hp infection of newborn and neural tube defects. Hp infection is also related to hyperemesis of pregnancy, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus, iron deficiency anemia, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. It has been suggested that early diagnosis and eradication of Hp and standardized the anti-Hp treatment will benefit pregnant women and their offspring.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Úlcera Gástrica , Feminino , Mucosa Gástrica , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez
11.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 47(4): 563-568, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32389952

RESUMO

Endoscopic submucosal dissection(ESD)has been established as a standard treatment for early gastric cancer with low possibility of lymph node metastasis. Based on the results of the multicenter prospective study(JCOG0607), expanded indication for differentiated-type gastric cancer in Gastric Cancer Treatment Guidelines 2014 changed to absolute indication in Gastric Cancer Treatment Guidelines 2018. The other multicenter prospective study(JCOG1009/1010)will reveal the longterm outcomes of ESD for undifferentiated-type gastric cancer. With the advance of an aging society in Japan, the indication and curability of early gastric cancer for elderly patients should be discussed in the future.


Assuntos
Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa , Neoplasias Gástricas , Mucosa Gástrica , Humanos , Japão , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 47(4): 694-696, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32389987

RESUMO

We performed laparoscopic partial resection of the stomach with a trans-gastric wall approach for submucosal tumors. Case 1: A 67-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of tarry stool. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a well demarcated, round, 45mm intraluminal-type submucosal tumor with delle on the anterior wall of the gastric upper body. Case 2: An 86-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of anemia. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a well demarcated, round, 25mm intraluminal-type submucosal tumor on the posterior wall of the gastric upper body. Laparoscopic partial resection of the stomach with a trans-gastric wall approach was performed. The operation times were 58 minutes and 73 minutes, respectively, and blood loss was low in both cases. This operative procedure is safe and easy and allows for resection resected with a direct view for surgeons without endoscopists.


Assuntos
Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Mucosa Gástrica , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
13.
Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi ; 117(5): 413-420, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32389913

RESUMO

A 15-mm whitish, depressed lesion was observed in the stomach of a 39-year-old using screening esophagogastroduodenoscopy. The lesion had grown to a size of 40mm and had a cobblestone-like appearance at an 11-year endoscopic follow-up. Using endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) as a diagnostic therapy, gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma with MALT translocation gene 1 without Helicobacter pylori infection was detected. Although the patient did not undergo additional treatments, he remained alive without for recurrence 5 years after ESD.


Assuntos
Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa , Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B , Neoplasias Gástricas , Adulto , Mucosa Gástrica , Humanos , Tecido Linfoide , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
14.
Nat Genet ; 52(6): 594-603, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32451460

RESUMO

Immunotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer is effective only for mismatch repair-deficient tumors with high microsatellite instability that demonstrate immune infiltration, suggesting that tumor cells can determine their immune microenvironment. To understand this cross-talk, we analyzed the transcriptome of 91,103 unsorted single cells from 23 Korean and 6 Belgian patients. Cancer cells displayed transcriptional features reminiscent of normal differentiation programs, and genetic alterations that apparently fostered immunosuppressive microenvironments directed by regulatory T cells, myofibroblasts and myeloid cells. Intercellular network reconstruction supported the association between cancer cell signatures and specific stromal or immune cell populations. Our collective view of the cellular landscape and intercellular interactions in colorectal cancer provide mechanistic information for the design of efficient immuno-oncology treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Linhagem da Célula , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/imunologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Mucosa Gástrica/imunologia , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Humanos , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Análise de Célula Única , Células Estromais/patologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia
17.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0233422, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32437418

RESUMO

SPARCL1 is a matricellular protein with anti-adhesive, anti-proliferative and anti-tumorigenic functions and is frequently downregulated in tumors such as colorectal carcinoma or non-small cell lung cancer. Studies have identified SPARCL1 as an angiocrine tumor suppressor secreted by tumor vessel endothelial cells, thereby exerting inhibitory activity on angiogenesis and tumor growth, in colorectal carcinoma. It is unknown whether SPARCL1 may exert these homeostatic functions in all organs and in other species. Therefore, SPARCL1 expression was comparatively analysed between humans and mice in a systematic manner. Murine Sparcl1 (mSparcl1) is most strongly expressed in the lung; expressed at an intermediate level in most organs, including the large intestine; and absent in the liver. In human tissues, SPARCL1 (hSPARCL1) was detected in all organs, with the strongest expression in the stomach, large intestine and lung, mostly consistent with the murine expression pattern. A striking difference between human and murine tissues was the absence of mSparcl1 expression in murine livers, while human livers showed moderate expression. Furthermore, mSparcl1 was predominantly associated with mural cells, whereas hSPARCL1 was detected in both mural and endothelial cells. Human SPARCL1 expression was downregulated in different carcinomas, including lung and colon cancers. In conclusion, this study revealed species-, organ- and cell-type-dependent expression of SPARCL1, suggesting that its function may not be similar between humans and mice.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/metabolismo , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Mucosa Gástrica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Especificidade de Órgãos , Especificidade da Espécie
18.
Arq Gastroenterol ; 57(1): 74-78, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32294739

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of Helicobacter pylori infection on eosinophilic infiltration in duodenal mucosa is poorly studied. An increase in the number of eosinophils in duodenum has been associated with functional dyspepsia. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of H. pylori infection on duodenal eosinophil count and the role of eosinophilic infiltrate of duodenum in functional dyspepsia. METHODS: Positive and negative H. pylori individuals were included. Both functional dyspeptic patients according to Rome III criteria (cases) and individuals without gastrointestinal symptoms (controls) were enrolled. They were submitted to upper endoscopy and H. pylori infection was verified by gastric histopathology and urease test. Eosinophils in the duodenal mucosa were counted in five high-power fields, randomly selected on slides of endoscopic biopsies. RESULTS: Thirty-nine H. pylori positive (mean age 40.5 and 69.2% women) and 24 negative patients (mean age 37.3 and 75% women) were included. The influence of the infection was observed in the duodenal eosinophil count, which was higher in infected individuals: median 13.2 vs 8.1 in non-infected individuals (P=0.005). When we analyzed patients according to symptoms, cases - mean age 39.6; 71.4% women - and controls - mean age 38.7; 71.4% women - had similar duodenal eosinophil count: median 11.9 and 12.6 respectively (P=0.19). CONCLUSIONS: We did not demonstrate association of duodenal eosinophil count with functional dyspepsia but found association with H. pylori infection.


Assuntos
Duodeno/patologia , Dispepsia/microbiologia , Eosinofilia/patologia , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/patologia , Helicobacter pylori , Adulto , Biópsia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Duodeno/microbiologia , Dispepsia/patologia , Feminino , Mucosa Gástrica/microbiologia , Gastroscopia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
19.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(4): 343-347, 2020 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268671

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of gastric adenocarcinoma of the fundic gland(GA-FG). Methods: A total of 6 patients with GA-FG admitted from January 2014 to May 2019 were identified at Shanghai Songjiang District Central Hospital.Analyzed endoscopic findings, pathological characteristics and immunohistochemical staining of the lesions and reviewed relevant literatures. Results: Among the 6 patients, 3 were male, 3 were female, and the mean age was 66 years. The most common clinical presentation was epigastric discomfort. Gastroscopic examination revealed an elevated or flat lesion in the body of the stomach, with a diameter of 0.4 to 1.0 cm. Histopathologically, they mainly composed of main cells, but there were also scattered parietal cells, arranged in an irregular tubular or cord-like structure, and formed anastomosis branches. The tumor cells were immunohistochemically positive for MUC6 and pepsinogen 1. Conclusions: GA-FG is a rare variant of well-differentiated adenocarcinoma. It is important to understand its clinical features and histological morphology for more accurate diagnosis.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , China , Feminino , Fundo Gástrico , Mucosa Gástrica , Humanos , Masculino
20.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 36(2): 157-163, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32314714

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the effect of matrine on gastric mucosal injury induced by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) in rats and its mechanism. Methods A total of 75 Wister rats were randomly divided into a control group, a model group and three matrine-treated groups (100, 150 and 200 mg/kg). Except for the control group, the other groups were treated with MNNG to establish the models of gastric mucosal injury in the rats. After the models were successfully established, the rats in the three matrine-treated groups were administrated 100, 150, 200 mg/kg matrine, respectively, for successive 45 days. After the last administration, the body mass, daily intake of drinking water and dietary of rats were measured. And then the tissue samples were collected after the rats were sacrificed. The levels of interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß), IL-4, interferon gamma (IFN-γ), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) were measured by ELISA in gastric mucosa. HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of gastric mucosa tissue. Immunohistochemical staining was performed to evaluate the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 3 (VEGFR3) in gastric mucosa. The protein levels of Bcl2, BAX, caspase-3, cytochrome C (Cyt-C), Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) and nuclear factor κB p65 (NF-κB p65) were determined by Western blotting. Results The body mass, daily intake of drinking water and dietary increased in matrine-treated rats in comparison with the model group. In addition, compared with the model group, matrine significantly reduced the expression levels of VEGF-C, VEGFR3, BAX, caspase-3, Cyt-C, TLR4, MyD88 and NF-κB p65, and increase Bcl2 protein level in the gastric mucosa tissues. Conclusion Matrine can reduce gastric mucosal damage induced by MNNG in rats, which is related to the down-regulation of VEGF-C/VEGFR3 and NF-κB/TLR4 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Mucosa Gástrica/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Metilnitronitrosoguanidina/efeitos adversos , Quinolizinas/farmacologia , Animais , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Fator C de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Receptor 3 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
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