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1.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 21(3): 243-247, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893660

RESUMO

AIM: Research aimed to gather aepidemiological parameters of MIH from a sample of Sarajevo children born between the years 1999 and 2003. Prevalence of MIH, distribution according to severity (mild vs. moderate/severe cases) and distribution according to phenotypes (MIH vs MH) were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design: This was a cross-sectional, observational, aepidemiological study that was conducted on a sample of 446 children aged 6 to 9 years. It was conducted as a part of regular dental screening of children attending a randomly selected primary school in the Bosnian capital city of Sarajevo. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of MIH was 11.5%. MIH prevalence varied between 19.9% of examinees born in year 2002 to 8.4% among those born in 2003. Number of teeth affected varied from 1 to 7. The average number of affected teeth was 3.82 ± 1.46. Demarcated opacities were recorded on 13.89%, post-eruptive enamel breakdown on 11.28% and atypical filling on 6.2% index teeth. Mild cases of MIH were rare in our sample, 18% of subject had only demarcated opacities present. A smaller percentage of examinees (35.3%) had hypomineralisation present only on first permanent molars (MH group). Out of 64.7% of subjects in MIH group, 37.25% had one incisor affected and 21.57% had two incisors affected. CONCLUSION: Over 80% of study subjects with MIH were categorised as moderate/severe case of MIH and they represent a major problem with regards to dental treatment. It is necessary to plan a multi-disciplinary approach for dental care of this population. It is necessary to educate primary care dentists to recognise this condition and provide recommended treatment to patients with mild clinical picture, while directing those with more severe problems to specialised doctors.


Assuntos
Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário , Dente Molar , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Incisivo , Prevalência
2.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 21(3): 238-242, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893659

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Molar Incisor Malformation (MIM) or Molar Root Incisor malformation (MRIM) is a recently discovered root malformation with constricted pulp and abnormally located furcation presented in permanent first molars and sometimes incisors. CASE REPORT: Two cases that feature MIM are presented with the description of the characteristic tooth form, clinical/radiographic examination, medical history, the supposed aetiology, treatment procedure and results at the 2-year follow-up. Conservative endodontic treatment was performed in both cases, furcation perforation and canal perforation were filled with MTA (Mineral Trioxide Aggregate), and a good prognosis was observed after 2 years of follow-up. Furthermore, recommended treatment options are discussed to provide a more appropriate treatment for the patients. CONCLUSION: Patients with MIM need to be treated at the right time to avoid severe infection and other problems. Early diagnosis with appropriate treatment is more likely to lead to a more favourable prognosis.


Assuntos
Incisivo , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Compostos de Alumínio , Compostos de Cálcio , Polpa Dentária , Cavidade Pulpar , Combinação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Dente Molar , Óxidos , Silicatos , Raiz Dentária
3.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 158(3): 349-356, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862936

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to use cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) to determine bone thickness in the mandibular buccal shelf (MBS) and the infrazygomatic crest (IC) in individuals with different vertical facial heights for ultimate placement of miniscrews. METHODS: The sample consisted of 100 individuals aged at least 16 years, of whom 58 were women, and 42 were men. The mean age was 19.18 years (± 5.5 standard deviation). The patients' facial height was determined by the gonial angle. Cross-sectional slices of the MBS and IC were obtained with CBCT to evaluate bone thickness for the insertion of miniscrews in these extra-alveolar sites. Spearman's nonparametric test was used to correlate the gonial angle with MBS and IC thickness. The level of significance was 5%. RESULTS: The gonial angle ranged from 102.4° to 143.2°. Bone thickness in the MBS increased posteriorly, whereas bone thickness in the IC decreased posteriorly. There was an inversely proportional correlation between the gonial angle and the MBS. There was no correlation between the IC and the gonial angle. CONCLUSIONS: Short-faced individuals had higher bone thickness values in the MBS than long-faced ones. There was no correlation between the patients' vertical face height and the bone width in the IC. The best site to install miniscrews in the MBS is buccal to the second molar distal root, whereas in the IC, it is buccal to the first molar mesiobuccal root. CBCT may be necessary to install extra-alveolar miniscrews correctly, especially in the IC.


Assuntos
Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica , Adolescente , Adulto , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Maxila , Dente Molar , Adulto Jovem
4.
Prog Orthod ; 21(1): 35, 2020 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888097

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to assess the degree of stability of anterior open bite (AOB) treatment performed through the molar intrusion supported with skeletal anchorage at least 1 year posttreatment. METHODS: This study was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42016037513). A literature search was conducted to identify randomized (RCT) or non-randomized clinical trials based including those considering before and after design. Data sources were electronic databases including PubMed, Cochrane Library, Science Direct, Google Scholar, Scopus, Lilacs, OpenGrey, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials.gov . The quality of evidence was assessed through the JBI tool and certainty of evidence was evaluated through the GRADE tool. Random effects meta-analysis was conducted when appropriate. RESULTS: Six hundred twenty-four articles met the initial inclusion criteria. From these, only 6 remained. The mean posttreatment follow-up time was 2.5 years (SD = 1.04). The overbite showed a standardized mean relapse of - 1.23 mm (95% CI - 1.64, - 0.81, p < 0.0001). Maxillary and mandibular incisors presented a non-significant mean relapse, U1-PP - 0.04 mm (95% CI - 0.55, 0.48) and L1-MP - 0.10 mm (95% CI - 0.57, 0.37). Molar intrusion showed a relapse rate around 12% for the maxillary molars and a 27.2% for mandibular molars. CONCLUSION: The stability of AOB through molar intrusion using TADs can be considered relatively similar to that reported to surgical approaches, since 10 to 30% of relapse occurs both in maxillary and mandibular molars. The level of certainty ranged between very low and low. RCTs reporting dropout during the follow-up are in dire need.


Assuntos
Mordida Aberta , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica , Cefalometria , Humanos , Maxila , Dente Molar , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925991

RESUMO

The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate bone level stability around 441 mandibular and 350 maxillary molar implants, placed using an immediate implant protocol, that had been in function from 2 to 17 years postrestoration (mean: 9.9 years). Independent radiographic measurements using the known distance between threads on the specific implant that was used indicated a mean bone loss of 0.27 ± 0.68 mm around maxillary implants and 0.27 ± 0.67 mm around mandibular implants. Maxillary implants showed a statistically significant (SS) difference in bone loss on the mesial (0.20 mm) compared to the distal side (0.34 mm). In the mandibular group, there was an SS difference in bone loss around implants with wide (≥ 5 mm) and regular (< 5 mm) diameters. There was also an SS difference in bone loss in patients 50 years and older (0.28 mm) compared to patients younger than 50 (0.18 mm). In both groups, there were no SS differences in bone loss between machined- and rough-surface implants, men and women, single and splinted implants, nonsmokers and light/heavy smokers, or in patients with a penicillin allergy who were prescribed azithromycin as an alternate prophylactic antibiotic. All SS differences found in variables evaluated in the study were < 1.0 mm and therefore were considered clinically insignificant.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Implantes Dentários , Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Dente Molar , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925999

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate which factors play a major role in the healing of Class II mandibular furcation defects treated with different surgical techniques. Twenty-five systemically healthy subjects with periodontitis stage III grade B and Class II buccal mandibular furcation involvement received one of the following open flap debridement approaches: Group 1 (n = 10), no further treatment; Group 2 (n = 10), piezoelectric contouring of the furcation roof; Group 3 (n = 9), piezoelectric contouring of the furcation roof and bone grafting; Group 4 (n = 10), piezoelectric contouring of the furcation roof and bone grafting with coronally positioned flap. Clinical and radiologic variables-bleeding on probing, probing depth (PPD), vertical and horizontal bone level (CAL and PH), gingival recession, root trunk length, radicular separation, and furcation perimeter (FP)-were evaluated at baseline and 180 days and 1 year after surgery. All clinical parameters were statistically analyzed. Surgical techniques caused clinical (CAL, PPD, PH) and radiographic (FP) improvements. Regenerative techniques and the coronally positioned flap yielded a major radiographic reduction of furcation areas. All therapies resulted in significant horizontal and vertical PPD reduction and CAL gain.


Assuntos
Defeitos da Furca/cirurgia , Regeneração Tecidual Guiada Periodontal , Humanos , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Índice Periodontal , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 151(9): 678-683, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32854870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW: Molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH) is a qualitative developmental defect of enamel, which has been a daily concern in clinical practice owing to its difficult treatment. CASE DESCRIPTION: An 11-year-old girl was admitted to the pediatric dental clinic with a symptom of severe hypersensitivity in the permanent molars owing to MIH. The treatment consisted of a simplified occlusal replica adapted technique with conventional glass ionomer cement in the MIH-affected molars, which involved laboratory and clinical stages. The patient was reexamined every 3 months, and after 18 months there was no additional tooth structure loss, restoration failure, or pain. This technique may be considered a feasible alternative to restore hypomineralized teeth owing to its reduced procedure time and good performance in the follow-up period of 18 months. CONCLUSIONS AND PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: The technique successfully restored the function and shape of the affected teeth, decreasing the sensitivity by means of covering the demarcated MIH opacities.


Assuntos
Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incisivo , Dente Molar
8.
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 127(7-08): 409-416, 2020.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32840496

RESUMO

Three adult patients, ages 28 (female), 36 (male) and 53 (male), respectively, were referred by their dentists to an orofacial surgeon concerning problems with their third molars. With the woman, teeth 38 and 48 were removed. After the removal of tooth 38, a permanent periodontal attachment loss of the adjoining second molar occurred. With the second patient, retention of tooth 48 caused serious damage to the adjoining second molar, resulting in the loss of the tooth. At the time of removal, there was a question of increased risk of inflammatory complications and nerve damage. With the third patient, removal of his impacted tooth 38 led to osteomyelitis and a fracture of the angle of the mandible. According to the newly published 'Third molar' in the Dutch Clinical Guidelines, the advice is to consider the removal of asymptomatic third molars in 17-year-old patients. In the case of impacted third molars with mesial or horizontal angulation and partial eruption, the risk of pathology is such that preventive removal is advised. An intraoral radiograph (periapical or bitewing) as a first screening is recommended here.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Dente Impactado , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Dente Molar , Extração Dentária
9.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 158(3): 383-390, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732004

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to analyze the correlation between growth status in height and chronological age, carpal maturation, cervical maturation, and dental maturation, and assess the diagnostic performance of Demirjian's dental maturation as an indicator of the pubertal growth spurt, through a retrospective longitudinal study. METHODS: Records of 60 Canadian patients obtained from the Burlington Growth Centre, which included height and weight charts and a set of x-rays at 6 points in time, were analyzed. The images at each point in time included 1 hand and wrist radiograph, a lateral cephalometric x-ray, and one 45° oblique cephalometric radiograph of each side, which were analyzed using the methods of Fishman, Baccetti, and Demirjian on the mandibular left and right second molars, respectively. The onset of the pubertal growth peak in height (distance to growth peak [DGP]) was identified, and the correlation between methods with DGP was assessed. RESULTS: High levels of correlation were obtained between the methods of Fishman, Baccetti, and Demirjian with DGP. The cutoff point between prepubertal and postpubertal stages was F stage for women and G stage for men, with statistically significant levels of sensitivity and specificity for the test. CONCLUSIONS: The use of the method of Demirjian applied to mandibular second molars is plausible as a predictor of the occurrence of the DGP for the studied population.


Assuntos
Determinação da Idade pelo Esqueleto , Calcificação de Dente , Desenvolvimento Ósseo , Canadá , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Dente Molar , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi ; 37(4): 614-621, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32840078

RESUMO

As a representative part of the oral system and masticatory robot system, the modeling method of the dental model is an important factor influencing the accuracy of the multi-body dynamic model. Taking the right first molars of the masticatory robot as the research object, an equivalent model, point-contact higher kinematic pair composed of v-shaped surface and sphere surface, was proposed. Firstly, the finite element method was used to analyze the occlusal dynamics of the original model in three static contact cases (intrusive contact, centric occlusion, and extrusive contact) and one dynamic chewing case, and the expected bite force was obtained. Secondly, the Hertz contact model was adopted to establish the analytical expression of the bite force of the equivalent model in three static contact cases. The normal vectors and contact stiffness in the expression were designed according to the expected bite force. Finally, the bite force performance of the equivalent model in three static contact cases and one dynamic chewing case was evaluated. The results showed that the equivalent model could achieve the equivalent bite force of 8 expected items in the static contact cases. Meanwhile, the bite force in the early and late stages of the dynamic chewing case coincides well with the original model. In the middle stage, a certain degree of impact is introduced, but it can be weakened by subsequent trajectory planning. The equivalent modeling scheme of the dental model proposed in this paper further improves the accuracy of the dynamic model of the multi-body system. It provides a new idea for the dynamic modeling of other complex human contacts.


Assuntos
Dente Molar , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Força de Mordida , Humanos , Mastigação
11.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 25(3): e1, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844971

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Anterior open bite is one of the most difficult malocclusions to correct in orthodontic treatment. Molar intrusion using miniscrew anchorage has been developed as a new strategy for open bite correction; however, this procedure still has an important concern about prolonged treatment duration in the patient with anteroposterior discrepancy due to the separate step-by-step movement of anterior and posterior teeth. OBJECTIVE: This article illustrates a comprehensive orthodontic approach for dentoalveolar open bite correction of an adult patient, by using miniscrew. CASE REPORT: A woman 19 years and 5 months of age had chief complaints of difficulty chewing with the anterior teeth and maxillary incisor protrusion. An open bite of -2.0 mm caused by slight elongation of the maxillary molars was found. The patient was diagnosed with Angle Class II malocclusion with anterior open bite due to the vertical elongation of maxillary molars. After extraction of the maxillary first premolars, concurrent movements of molar intrusion and canine retraction were initiated with the combined use of sectional archwires, elastic chains and miniscrews. RESULTS: At 4 months after the procedure, positive overbite was achieved subsequent to the intrusion of maxillary molars by 1.5 mm and without undesirable side effects. Class I canine relation was also achieved at the same time. The total active treatment period was 21 months. The resultant occlusion and satisfactory facial profile were maintained after 54 months of retention. CONCLUSION: The presented treatment shows the potential to shorten the treatment duration and to contribute to the long-term stability for open bite correction.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II , Mordida Aberta , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica , Adulto , Parafusos Ósseos , Cefalometria , Feminino , Humanos , Dente Molar , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
12.
Pediatr Dent ; 42(4): 288-292, 2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32847668

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine if there are differences in the success rate of primary teeth treated with pulpotomies performed by general dentists (GDs) versus pediatric dentists (PDs), using submitted paid insurance dental claims. The extraction time after pulpotomy was examined. Methods: Data for this study were obtained from a private dental insurance claims warehouse. The insurance claims data were retrieved, and a retrospective analysis was performed over seven years (2008 to 2015). The survival rate was estimated using proportional hazard survival analysis. Results: The total number of paid dental claims that used the CDT code for pulpotomy was 401,638. For teeth that received pulpotomy, the average time between pulpotomy and extraction was 1.1 years if the pulpotomies were performed by GDs. The average time was 1.3 years if the pulpotomies were performed by PDs (P<0.0001). GDs had an extraction rate of 7.83 percent after pulpotomies and the placement of stainless steel crowns, while PDs had an extraction rate of 4.09 percent. Conclusions: There is a significant difference in the success rate of teeth treated with pulpotomies performed by pediatric dentists versus general dentists, with pulpotomies performed by the former having a longer survival rate.


Assuntos
Análise de Dados , Pulpotomia , Criança , Coroas , Odontólogos , Humanos , Dente Molar , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dente Decíduo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Pediatr Dent ; 42(4): 293-299, 2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32847669

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic effectiveness of Biodentine® as a pulpotomy medicament for use in primary molars. Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted on children who had received full-mouth dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia between January 1, 2013, and May 1, 2018. Three clinical outcomes (pain, pathologic mobility, and soft tissue pathology) and two radiographic outcomes (pathologic radiolucency and pathologic root resorption) defined a composite outcome of pulp therapy failure. Results: The final study sample consisted of 208 children with a mean age of 4.9 years. The total number of primary molars that received a Biodentine® pulpotomy over the 30-month posttreatment period was 608. Survival analyses determined that the cumulative probability of clinical survival at 30 months was 93.7 percent (95 percent confidence interval [95% CI] equals 83.7 percent to 99.2 percent) and radiographic survival probability was 85.6 percent (95% CI equals 76.3 percent to 93.7 percent). The majority (n equals 14 out of 20; 70 percent) of failed Biodentine® pulpotomies occurred before 18 months. Conclusions: Primary molar pulpotomies utilizing Biodentine® as the pulpal medicament had favorable clinical and radiographic results after 30 months. Biodentine® can be considered an alternative to other commonly used primary tooth pulpotomy medicaments.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio , Pulpotomia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Combinação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Dente Molar , Óxidos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Silicatos , Dente Decíduo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 48(9): 845-852, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732085

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This systematic review was conducted to determine the stability of surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) for correction of transverse maxillary deficiency, the effect of distractor type (tooth-borne vs. bone-borne) and the influence of a retainer on post-expansion stability. METHODS: The review was conducted applying the PICO criteria. Electronic database searches of published literature (MEDLINE via PubMed), Ovid via MEDLINE, the Cochrane Oral Health Group's Trial Register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, (CENTRAL) and unpublished literature were accessed until January 2019. Search terms included SARME, 'stability', 'relapse', 'surgery', 'expansion' and 'maxillary expansion'. RESULTS: Five hundred and ten studies were identified overall and 15 studies were included (3 RCTs, 2 prospective & 10 retrospective) following initial screening and data extraction of full texts. The quality of evidence was assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool for RCTs and the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale for prospective & retrospective studies. The heterogeneity of the retrieved articles prohibited quantitative analysis. Overall, the studies were either of high risk of bias or low quality. Qualitative analysis reveals SARPE to achieve expansion at the inter-canine region of 4-for inter 6 mm, inter-molar region of 6-8.9 mm, and skeletal level of 2.3-3.1 mm with relapse rates in the region of 0.1-2.3 mm (inter-canine), 0.2-3 mm (inter-molar) and 0-1.8 mm (skeletal) reported. CONCLUSION: Qualitative evaluation suggests SARPE results in significant expansion at the dental and skeletal level and that this appears to be stable. Existing literature is equivocal on the clinical benefits of a retention device or distractor type (bone-borne vs. tooth borne) on stability. This review has unearthed the need for high quality prospective RCTs to fully understand the stability of SARME, particularly with relation to varying distractor types and use of retention devices. As such, the inferences drawn should be considered with some discretion based on the quality of the available evidence.


Assuntos
Maxila , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Dente Molar , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Wiad Lek ; 73(4): 691-695, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731698

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of endodontic treatment in an adult Ukrainian population in relation to the age and its distribution depending on the type of the teeth. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: A total of 435 digital panoramic radiographs of adults (aged 18 to 72 years) were examined. A tooth was qualified as root filled (endodontically treated), if radiopaque root-filling material was determined in the pulp chamber and/or in the root canals. Pearson's chi-squared test (χ2) and Spearman's rank correlation were applied for data analysis. RESULTS: Results: It was revealed that 82.5% of patients had previously received endodontic treatment of the teeth. The overall percentage of root filled teeth in adult dentition is 12.08%. The analysis of the rate of endodontically treated teeth in different age groups identified an increasing of treated teeth with age - from 5.2% in the youngest cohort (18-19 years old) to 24.9% in the oldest cohorts. It was revealed that 822 teeth (14.2%) on maxilla and 569 (9.9%) on the mandible were endodontically treated. Most often root filled teeth were first mandibular molars (39.3%), first maxillary molars (26.7%) and second maxillary premolars (20.4%). Much lower rate of endodontic treatment were considered in lower mandibular incisors and canines (0.7%, 0.9% and 1.5% respectively). CONCLUSION: Conclusions: A total of 82.5% examined adults had one or more endodontically treated teeth in this study. The obtained results prove the necessity of prevention of carieswith special emphasis on the first maxillary and mandibular molars, and maxillary second premolars, which have significantly higher frequency of root canal treatment in comparison to other teeth groups.


Assuntos
Dente não Vital , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dente Molar , Prevalência , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Ucrânia , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Dent Child (Chic) ; 87(2): 83-89, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32788001

RESUMO

Purpose: Radiation-related caries is characterized by enamel delamination near the dentinoenamel junction (DEJ). We investigated the activity and expression of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) -2 and -9 in order to understand disease pathogenesis in teeth submitted or not to radiotherapy (RT).
Methods: In situ zymography and immunofluorescence assays were performed to evaluate the activity and expression of MMPs -2 and -9, respectively. Twelve primary second molars were randomly assigned into two experimental subgroups: irradiated and nonirradiated. Dental fragments were exposed to radiation at a dose fraction of two Gy for five consecutive days until reaching the total dose of 60 Gy. The percentage of fluorescence in the DEJ was evaluated in three distinct regions of the tooth (cervical, cusp, and pit). The regions were photographed under fluorescence microscopy at 1.25× and 5× magnification.
Results: The intensity of fluorescence per mm 2 in the DEJ was higher in the cervical region of irradiated primary teeth (P <0.05) versus nonirradiated ones. In these areas, immunofluorescence revealed expression of MMPs -2 and -9.
Conclusion: Radiotherapy can increase the activity of MMPs -2 and -9 in the cervical region of the DEJ of primary teeth.


Assuntos
Dentina , Metaloproteinases da Matriz , Esmalte Dentário , Humanos , Dente Molar , Dente Decíduo
17.
Int J Comput Dent ; 23(3): 245-255, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32789312

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the number, strength, and position of occlusal contacts shown using an intraoral scanner (IOS) and a digital occlusal analysis system (T-Scan) compared with the current gold standard using occlusal foil (OF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Occlusal contacts were analyzed for 70 volunteers using OF in maximum intercuspation (MI). The contact points obtained using the IOS were evaluated using a screenshot from Zirkonzahn.Modellier CAD software. Finally, the volunteers were asked to bite on the sensor sheet of the T-Scan system. For the evaluation of these data, the contact points of the OF and the IOS were graded as light, medium, and strong. Furthermore, the positions of the contact points were analyzed for the anterior region (premolars and molars). Parametric statistical tests were applied to analyze the differences among the three methods. RESULTS: The mean number of all contact points was similar: 29 ± 8 with the OF, 30 ± 12 with the IOS, and 24 ± 10 with the T-Scan. However, results were different in terms of the grading of the strength of contact points: mean number of light contacts: 8 ± 4 OF vs 17 ± 8 IOS and 17 ± 6 T-Scan; medium contacts: 12 ± 5 OF vs 8 ± 4 IOS and 5 ± 4 T-Scan; and strong contacts: 9 ± 5 OF vs 6 ± 6 IOS and 4 ± 2 T-Scan. The positions of the occlusal contact points were also different. CONCLUSION: The data sets showed that there were differences in the distribution of occlusal contact points evaluated using the OF, the IOS, and the T-Scan system. Although the number of detected occlusal contacts was similar, different occlusal contact protocols were determined by the three different methods.


Assuntos
Oclusão Dentária , Dente Molar , Dente Pré-Molar , Humanos , Software
18.
Int J Comput Dent ; 23(3): 293-301, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32789316

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this case report is to present the minimally invasive replacement of a missing molar in the presence of considerable proximal undercuts of the adjacent abutment teeth. The use of two single-retainer resin-bonded fixed dental prostheses (RBFDPs) made this therapy possible. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A missing mandibular right first molar required replacement. Two single-retainer RBFDPs were digitally designed in the shape of half a molar each and were milled using CAD/CAM from monolithic 3Y-TZP zirconia ceramic. The posterior RBFDP portion retained by the second molar was designed in the pontic contact area to create a common path of insertion for the anterior RBFDP portion with the distal surface of the second premolar. A slight interlocking between the proximal contact surfaces of the two pontics was designed to prevent future migration between the split restorations. Precise placement of the two RBFDPs during adhesive luting was ensured with the aid of a positioning splint. RESULTS: The patient was recalled after 10 months and was very satisfied with the minimally invasive molar replacement. CONCLUSION: Using two single-retainer RBFDPs to replace a molar in a split design enables a minimally invasive posterior tooth replacement despite considerable proximal undercuts of the adjacent abutment teeth.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Prótese Adesiva , Prótese Parcial Fixa , Humanos , Dente Molar , Cimentos de Resina
19.
Am J Dent ; 33(4): 213-217, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32794397

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To perform a clinical and radiographic evaluation comparing Filtek Bulk Fill high viscosity bulk-fill resins with Filtek Z350 XT nanoparticulate for 1 year. METHODS: 58 restorations were performed for each material (bulk-fill and nanoparticulate), for a total of 116 restorations. Among these, 42 Class I and 16 Class II restorations were performed for each group, in molars and premolars. Clinical evaluation was performed 7 days (baseline), 6 months and 1 year after restorations, using the World Dental Federation (FDI) criteria. Radiographs were obtained at 7 days and 1 year after the restoration was placed and the radiopacity was measured using Image J software at the same time interval. RESULTS: Of the 70 restorations available for evaluation at 1 year, the Mann-Whitney and Friedman tests showed no statistically significant difference for the FDI criteria analyzed. Greater radiopacity was observed for bulk-fill resin compared to nanoparticulate (two-way ANOVA, P= 0.022). This same test showed no difference in radiopacity between the groups in the two evaluation periods (P= 0.062). The high viscosity bulk-fill resin composite presented similar clinical performance to nanoparticulate resin in this evaluation period and higher radiopacity was observed for this material when compared to nanoparticulate resin, in both time periods. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The high viscosity bulk-fill resin composite showed similar performance to the nanoparticulate resin during the evaluation period of 1 year. Radiopacity showed high values for the bulk-fill resin when compared to nanoparticulate resin. The bulk-fill resin has potential to be used in posterior teeth.


Assuntos
Materiais Dentários , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Dente Pré-Molar , Resinas Compostas , Dente Molar , Viscosidade
20.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e081, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32696905

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of shortening of etching time for dentin on the restoration survival after selective carious tissue removal in primary molars. This two-arm randomized clinical trial included sixty-two subjects (5-8 year-old) and 100 primary molars presenting moderate dentin carious lesions on occlusal surface. The sample was randomly assigned into groups previously to adhesive application (Adper Single Bond 2; 3M ESPE): etching time recommended by manufacturer (15 s) or reduced (7 s). Resin composite (Filtek Bulk Fill Posterior Restorative; 3M ESPE) was inserted in a single increment for all restorations. Restorations were evaluated at 1, 6, 12, and 18 months using FDI criteria. Survival estimates for restorations' longevity were evaluated with Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate Cox regression analysis with shared frailty was used to assess the factors associated with failures (p < 0.05). The etching time did not influence the restorations' survival (HR 0.35 95%CI 0.11-1.12; p = 0.06). Mean estimated time of survival was 17.6 months (95%CI, 17.2-17.9). The survival rates at the 18-month follow-up were 75.7% and 91.4% (AFR: 16.9% and 5.7%) when primary dentin was acid etched for 15 and 7 s, respectively (log-rank p = 0.06). In conclusion, the etching time for dentin did not influence the clinical behavior of adhesives restorations. However, there was a tendency for better clinical outcome when using etching time of 7 s.


Assuntos
Dente Decíduo , Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Dente Molar
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