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1.
Bioresour Technol ; 313: 123662, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32563794

RESUMO

This work aimed to evaluate the applicability of Aeribacillus pallidus for the aerobic treatment of the concentrated beet vinasse with high chemical oxygen demand (COD 685 g.L-1) that is defined as an environmental pollutant. This bacterium is a polyextremophilic strain and grow aerobically up to 7.5% vinasse at high temperature (50 °C). In the bioreactor and under controlled conditions, A. pallidus reduced the soluble COD content of 5% vinasse up to 27% during 48 h and utilized glucose and glycerol, completely. Furthermore, a reduction of manganese, copper, aluminum, and nickel concentrations was observed in the treated vinasse with A. pallidus. The obtained results make this strain as an appropriate alternative to be used for the aerobic bioprocessing of the vinasse.


Assuntos
Beta vulgaris , Bacillaceae , Análise da Demanda Biológica de Oxigênio , Reatores Biológicos , Etanol
2.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3763-3774, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32496179

RESUMO

Eight Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped bacterial strains were isolated from faeces of Tibetan antelopes on the Tibet-Qinghai Plateau of China. Genomic sequence analysis showed that the strains belong to the genera Actinomyces (strains 299T and 340), Corynebacterium (strains 2184T, 2185, 2183T and 2189) and Oceanobacillus (strains 160T and 143), respectively, with a percentage of similarity for the 16S rRNA gene under the species threshold of 98.7 % except for strains 160T and 143 with Oceanobacillus arenosus CAU 1183T (98.8 %). The genome sizes (and genomic G+C contents) were 3.1 Mb (49.4 %), 2.5 Mb (64.9 %), 2.4 Mb (66.1 %) and 4.1 Mb (37.1 %) for the type strains 299T, 2183T, 2184T and 160T, respectively. Two sets of the overall genome relatedness index values between our isolates and their corresponding closely related species were under species thresholds (95 % for average nucleotide identity, and 70 % for digital DNA-DNA hybridization). These results, together with deeper genotypic, genomic, phenotypic and biochemical analyses, indicate that these eight isolates should be classified as representing four novel species. Strain 299T (=CGMCC 1.16320T=JCM 33611T) is proposed as representing Actinomyces wuliandei sp. nov.; strain 2184T (=CGMCC 1.16417T=DSM 106203T) is proposed as representing Corynebacterium liangguodongii sp. nov.; strain 2183T (=CGMCC 1.16416T=DSM 106264T) is proposed as representing Corynebacterium yudongzhengii sp. nov.; and strain 160T (=CGMCC 1.16367T=DSM 106186T) is proposed as representing Oceanobacillus zhaokaii sp. nov.


Assuntos
Actinomyces/classificação , Antílopes/microbiologia , Bacillaceae/classificação , Corynebacterium/classificação , Fezes/microbiologia , Filogenia , Actinomyces/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Bacillaceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , Corynebacterium/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tibet
3.
Life Sci ; 257: 117999, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32585244

RESUMO

AIM: This paper was mainly aimed at synthesis of Ce-containing nano-Mg-phosphate ceramic as a multifunctional material. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two ceramics based on Mg3(PO4)2 and Ce0.2Mg2.8(PO4)2 formulas (MP and MP-C, respectively) were synthesized. The synthesized powders were characterized by XRD, TEM, Zeta potential, and FTIR. Also, their dissolution behavior was tested in Tris-HCl buffer solution. Moreover, the antimicrobial efficacy was evaluated against gram-positive bacteria (Bacillus sphaericus MTCC 511 &Staphylococcus aureus MTCC 87) and gram-negative bacteria (Enterobacter aerogenes MTCC 111 &Pseudomonas aeruginosa MTCC 1034) using dick diffusion assay and microdilution method. Furthermore, the cell viability test was performed for the ceramics on Vero cells (African green monkey kidney cells), and their antitumor activity was determined by PC3 cell line (prostatic cancer). Also, the cellular uptake was determined by the flow cytometry. KEY FINDINGS: The results showed that the substitution of Mg by Ce decreased the particle size from 40 to 90 nm for MP sample to 2-10 nm for MP-C sample and increased the degradation rate. Both samples showed excellent antimicrobial activities. Moreover, MP demonstrated more cell viability than MP-C on Vero cells at high concentrations, whereas, MP-C showed more antitumor activity on PC3 cells than MP sample. Moreover, MP-C showed a higher cell uptake than MP due to its smaller size and more negative charge. SIGNIFICANCE: Mg-phosphate ceramic can be used in this study successfully as a delivery system for cerium ions and showed a high antitumor activity, which makes it highly recommended as safe and effective cancer treatment materials.


Assuntos
Cerâmica/farmacologia , Cério/farmacologia , Compostos de Magnésio/farmacologia , Fosfatos/farmacologia , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Bacillaceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Osso e Ossos/microbiologia , Osso e Ossos/cirurgia , Sobrevivência Celular , Cério/metabolismo , Chlorocebus aethiops , Enterobacter aerogenes/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Compostos de Magnésio/metabolismo , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana/métodos , Células PC-3 , Fosfatos/metabolismo , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Vero
4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4145-4150, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32519940

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, catalase-positive, facultatively anaerobic, terminal-spore-forming rod, designated strain BCM23-1T, was isolated from bark of Tamarindus indica collected from Chiang Mai Province, Thailand. This strain produced d-lactic acid from glucose. It grew at 20-45 °C (optimum, 30 °C), pH 3.5-9 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in the presence of 1-4 % (w/v) NaCl. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid (A1γ). The major isoprenoid quinone was menaquinone 7 (MK-7). Polar lipids analysis revealed the presence of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified aminophospholipid, an unidentified phospholipid and an unidentified lipid. The predominant cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C17 : 0, anteiso-C15:0, and iso-C16 : 0 when cultivated on GYP agar plates. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between strain BCM23-1T and Terrilactibacillus laevilacticus NK26-11T was 98.3 %. The draft genome of BCM23-1T was 3.24 Mb in size and contained 3088 coding sequences with an in silico DNA G+C content of 37.1 mol%. The values of ANIb, ANIm and digital DNA-DNA hybridization between strain BCM23-1T and T. laevilacticus NK26-11T were 89.9, 90.8 and 40.4 %, respectively. The results of phenotypic and chemotaxonomic, 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, and whole genome analyses support strain BCM23-1T as representing a novel species of Terrilactibacillus for which the name Terrilactibacillus tamarindi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is BCM23-1T (=LMG 31662T=JCM 33748T=TISTR 2841T).


Assuntos
Bacillaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Casca de Planta/microbiologia , Tamarindus/microbiologia , Bacillaceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tailândia , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
5.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2837, 2020 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32503992

RESUMO

Group II introns are ubiquitous self-splicing ribozymes and retrotransposable elements evolutionarily and chemically related to the eukaryotic spliceosome, with potential applications as gene-editing tools. Recent biochemical and structural data have captured the intron in multiple conformations at different stages of catalysis. Here, we employ enzymatic assays, X-ray crystallography, and molecular simulations to resolve the spatiotemporal location and function of conformational changes occurring between the first and the second step of splicing. We show that the first residue of the highly-conserved catalytic triad is protonated upon 5'-splice-site scission, promoting a reversible structural rearrangement of the active site (toggling). Protonation and active site dynamics induced by the first step of splicing facilitate the progression to the second step. Our insights into the mechanism of group II intron splicing parallels functional data on the spliceosome, thus reinforcing the notion that these evolutionarily-related molecular machines share the same enzymatic strategy.


Assuntos
Íntrons/genética , Precursores de RNA/metabolismo , Processamento de RNA , RNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , Spliceossomos/metabolismo , Bacillaceae/genética , Domínio Catalítico/genética , Cristalografia por Raios X , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Mutagênese , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Precursores de RNA/genética , RNA Bacteriano/genética , Análise Espaço-Temporal
6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(5): 3295-3299, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375943

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, motile, rod-shaped and endospore-forming strain, SYSU K30002T, was isolated from a soil sample collected from a karst cave in Xingyi county, Guizhou province, south-west China. SYSU K30002T grew at 28-40 °C (optimum, 37 °C), at pH 5.0-8.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in the presence of 0-4 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum in the absence of NaCl). The cell-wall peptidoglycan type was A4α (Lys-Asp). The cell-wall sugars of SYSU K30002T were ribose, galactose and mannose, and MK-7 was the menaquinone. The major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 1 ω7c alcohol and iso-C16 : 0. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and two unidentified phospholipids. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 36.1 mol%. The average nucleotide identity values between SYSU K30002T and its closest relatives were below the cut-off level (95-96 %) for species delineation. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genome comparisons, strain SYSU K30002T represents a novel species of the genus Lysinibacillus, for which the name Lysinibacillusantri sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SYSU K30002T (=KCTC 33955T=CGMCC 1.13504T).


Assuntos
Bacillaceae/classificação , Cavernas/microbiologia , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Bacillaceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
7.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0232742, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374788

RESUMO

Caves formed by sulfuric acid dissolution have been identified worldwide. These caves can host diverse microbial communities that are responsible for speleogenesis and speleothem formation. It is not well understood how microbial communities change in response to surface water entering caves. Illumina 16S rRNA sequencing and bioinformatic tools were used to determine the impact of surface water on the microbial community diversity and function within a spring pool found deep in the Monte Conca Cave system in Sicily, Italy. Sulfur oxidizers comprised more than 90% of the microbial community during the dry season and were replaced by potential anthropogenic contaminants such as Escherichia and Lysinibacillus species after heavy rains. One sampling date appeared to show a transition between the wet and dry seasons when potential anthropogenic contaminants (67.3%), sulfur-oxidizing bacteria (13.6%), and nitrogen-fixing bacteria (6.5%) were all present within the spring pool.


Assuntos
Cavernas/microbiologia , Microbiota/genética , Microbiologia da Água , Molhabilidade , Bacillaceae/genética , Sequência de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Secas , Escherichia/genética , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Chuva , Estações do Ano , Sicília , Microbiologia do Solo , Sulfatos/análise
8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3701-3710, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416748

RESUMO

A moderately halophilic strain, designated SCU50T, was recovered from a saline soil sample and characterized by a polyphasic approach. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain SCU50T belonged to the genus Gracilibacillus and was most closely related to Gracilibacillus thailandensis TP2-8T (98.1 % similarity) and Gracilibacillus orientalis XH-63T (97.7 %). Genomic average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization analyses confirmed the separate species status of the new isolate relative to other recognized Gracilibacillus species. The genome size was about 5.09 Mbp and the DNA G+C content was 36.7 mol%. The strain grew optimally at 10-15 % (w/v) NaCl, pH 6.5-7.5 and 25-30 °C. It contained anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0 as the dominant fatty acids and menaquinone-7 as the major respiratory quinone. The polar lipid profile was examined and found to comprise diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified phospholipid and one unidentified lipid. The cell-wall peptidoglycan type was A1γ based on meso-diaminopimelic acid. Combining the data from phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, genomic and phylogenetic characterization, it was concluded that strain SCU50T should be assigned as representing a novel species within the genus Gracilibacillus. Thus, a novel taxon named Gracilibacillus salitolerans sp. nov. was first established, with SCU50T (=CGMCC 1.17336T=KCTC 43107T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Bacillaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Salinidade , Microbiologia do Solo , Bacillaceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Cloreto de Sódio , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
9.
Folia Parasitol (Praha) ; 672020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32350159

RESUMO

We observed instances of cannibalism (intraspecific predation) among intra-instar larvae of Culex pipiens Linnaeus, 1758 while performing a bioassay of Lysinibacillus sphaericus (formerly named Bacillus sphaericus) larvicide, when the larvae were exposed to the larvicide for 48 h in the absence of food. Larvae without symptoms of poisoning attacked and devoured those visibly affected. Cannibalism was more prevalent in 1st-2nd instar larvae than in 3rd-4th instar. This phenomenon should be taken into account when interpreting the results of larvicide bioassays, especially when the exposure lasts over 24 h. The necessity of creating optimal conditions for organisms tested is emphasised.


Assuntos
Bacillaceae/química , Culex/efeitos dos fármacos , Inseticidas/administração & dosagem , Fatores Etários , Animais , Canibalismo , Culex/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Culex/fisiologia , Inseticidas/química , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Larva/fisiologia
10.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0231426, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32271848

RESUMO

Demand for agricultural crop continues to escalate in response to increasing population and damage of prime cropland for cultivation. Research interest is diverted to utilize soils with marginal plant production. Moisture stress has negative impact on crop growth and productivity. The plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) and plant growth regulators (PGR) are vital for plant developmental process under moisture stress. The current study was carried out to investigate the effect of PGPR and PGRs (Salicylic acid and Putrescine) on the physiological activities of chickpea grown in sandy soil. The bacterial isolates were characterized based on biochemical characters including Gram-staining, P-solubilisation, antibacterial and antifungal activities and catalases and oxidases activities and were also screened for the production of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), hydrogen cyanide (HCN) and ammonia (NH3). The bacterial strains were identified as Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus thuringiensis and Bacillus megaterium based on the results of 16S-rRNA gene sequencing. Chickpea seeds of two varieties (Punjab Noor-2009 and 93127) differing in sensitivity to drought were soaked for 3 h before sowing in fresh grown cultures of isolates. Both the PGRs were applied (150 mg/L), as foliar spray on 20 days old seedlings of chickpea. Moisture stress significantly reduced the physiological parameters but the inoculation of PGPR and PGR treatment effectively ameliorated the adverse effects of moisture stress. The result showed that chickpea plants treated with PGPR and PGR significantly enhanced the chlorophyll, protein and sugar contents. Shoot and root fresh (81%) and dry weights (77%) were also enhanced significantly in the treated plants. Leaf proline content, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymes (CAT, APOX, POD and SOD) were increased in reaction to drought stress but decreased due to PGPR. The plant height (61%), grain weight (41%), number of nodules (78%) and pod (88%), plant yield (76%), pod weight (53%) and total biomass (54%) were higher in PGPR and PGR treated chickpea plants grown in sandy soil. It is concluded from the present study that the integrative use of PGPR and PGRs is a promising method and eco-friendly strategy for increasing drought tolerance in crop plants.


Assuntos
Agricultura , Bacillaceae/fisiologia , Cicer/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/farmacologia , Amônia/metabolismo , Bacillaceae/genética , Bacillaceae/isolamento & purificação , Bacillus megaterium/genética , Bacillus megaterium/isolamento & purificação , Bacillus subtilis/genética , Bacillus subtilis/isolamento & purificação , Bacillus subtilis/fisiologia , Biomassa , Clorofila/análise , Cicer/efeitos dos fármacos , Cicer/metabolismo , Ácidos Indolacéticos/metabolismo , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Putrescina/metabolismo , Putrescina/farmacologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo , Chuva , Ácido Salicílico/metabolismo , Ácido Salicílico/farmacologia , Plântula/efeitos dos fármacos , Plântula/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Microbiologia do Solo
11.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(6): 1529-1534, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32232517

RESUMO

A Gram-staining positive, motile, rod-shaped and subterminal endospore-forming bacterium, designated strain SYSU K30005T, was isolated from a soil sample collected from a karst cave in Libo county, Guizhou province, south-western China. Strain SYSU K30005T showed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Lysinibacillus fusiformis (98.6%) and Lysinibacillus sphaericus (98.2%). In phylogenetic tree, strain SYSU K30005T clade with the members of the genus Lysinibacillus. Based on the phylogenetic and 16S gene sequence result, strain SYSU K30005T was affiliated to the genus Lysinibacillus. The growth of SYSU K30005T was observed at 15-37 °C (optimum, 28 °C), pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in the presence of 0-4% (w/v) NaCl (optimum in 3.5% NaCl). Cell wall peptidoglycan type was A4α (Lys-Asp). The cell-wall sugars of SYSU K30005T were ribose, galactose and mannose and MK-7 was the only quinone. The fatty acids (> 5% of total fatty acids) were iso-C15:0, anteiso-C15:0, iso-C16:0 and iso-C17:0. The polar lipids profile included diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatideylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and an unidentified phospholipid. The genomic DNA G + C content was 37.2 mol%. The average nucleotide identity values between SYSU K30005T and its closest relatives were below the cut-off level (95-96%) for species delineation. The results support the conclusion that strain SYSU K30005T represents a novel species of the genus Lysinibacillus, for which we proposed the name Lysinibacillus cavernae sp. nov. The type strain is SYSU K30005T (= KCTC 43130T = CGMCC 1.17492T).


Assuntos
Bacillaceae/classificação , Bacillaceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo
12.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(6): 1545-1549, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32246163

RESUMO

A bacterial strain, designated YIM 98839T, was isolated from the hypersaline sediment of Aiding Lake in Xinjiang province, North-West China. The strain was Gram-stain-positive, motile, aerobic, produced oval subterminal or central endospores in swollen sporangia. The whole-cell hydrolysates contain meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic cell-wall diamino acid. Galactose, fucose and ribose are the major whole-cell sugars. The phospholipids are diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and one unknown phospholipid. The predominant menaquinone is MK-7. The major fatty acids are anteiso-C15:0, anteiso-C17:0 and iso-C15:0. The DNA G + C content of the type strain is 37.0 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that the isolate belongs to the genus Oceanobacillus. However, it differed from its closest relative, Oceanobacillus limi H9BT in many physiological characteristics. Moreover, the DNA-DNA relatedness values between the novel isolate and the relative type strain was 20.2%. Based on comparative analysis of polyphasic taxonomic data, strain YIM 98839T represents a novel species of the genus Oceanobacillus, for which the name Oceanobacillus halotolerans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM 98839T (= CGMCC 1.17002T = KCTC 43140T).


Assuntos
Bacillaceae/classificação , Bacillaceae/genética , Bacillaceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases/genética , Parede Celular/química , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/análise , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Lagos/microbiologia , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
13.
Chemosphere ; 250: 126303, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32120151

RESUMO

This study demonstrates the feasibility of using Exiguobacterium sp. AO-11 to remediate oil-contaminated environments. Bioaugmentation using AO-11 showed the best removal percentage, 75%, of 4% (w/w) crude oil in sediment microcosms in 100 days. In terms of the bacterial community structure during crude oil degradation, the addition of AO-11 did not change the indigenous bacterial community, while the addition of urea fertilizer induced structural shift of indigenous bacterial community. Exiguobacterium sp. AO-11 was developed as a bioremediation product, and a liquid formulation of AO-11 was developed. Coconut milk residue and soybean oil mill sludge were used for bacterial cultivation to reduce the production cost, and they could enhance bacterial cell growth. The liquid formulation of AO-11 prepared in phosphate buffer could be stored at 4 °C for at least 2 months, and it maintained efficacy in the treatment of crude oil-contaminated seawater. Overall, bioaugmentation with strain AO-11 could be an effective solution for the bioremediation of crude oil-contaminated environments.


Assuntos
Biodegradação Ambiental , Petróleo/metabolismo , Bacillaceae/metabolismo , Bactérias/metabolismo , Fertilizantes , Poluição por Petróleo , Água do Mar/química , Microbiologia do Solo
14.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(6): 1469-1476, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32193578

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-positive, motile, moderate halophile, strain L9T, was isolated from hides of white goat in China. The isolate grew optimally at 30 °C, at pH 7 and with 5-10% (w/v) NaCl. The predominant menaquinone was MK-7, and the major cellular fatty acids were identified as iso-C15:0 and anteiso-C15:0. The peptidoglycan amino acid type was determined to be A4ß, containing L-ornithine and D-aspartic as diagnostic amino acids. The phospholipids were dominated by diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified aminophospholipid and two unidentified phospholipids. Genome sequencing resulted in a genome size of 4.0 Mbp and a DNA G + C content of 35.9 mol%. Phylogenetic trees based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed the isolate to be closely related to Oceanobacillus limi H9BT (98.2% similarity) and Ornithinibacillus halophilus G8BT (97.5% similarity). The ANI and dDDH values between strain L9T and the closely related species were 69.8-76.1% and 13.0-20.5%, respectively. On the basis of the data presented, strain L9T represents a novel species of the genus Ornithinibacillus, for which the name Ornithinibacillus caprae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is L9T (= KCTC 43176T = CGMCC 1.17659T).


Assuntos
Bacillaceae/classificação , Bacillaceae/isolamento & purificação , Cabras/microbiologia , Aminoácidos/análise , Animais , Bacillaceae/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Cloreto de Sódio/metabolismo
15.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 192: 110250, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028154

RESUMO

A bacterial strain designated Lysinibacillus fusiformis 15-4 was isolated from oil-free soil on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, which can grow well utilizing petroleum hydrocarbons as a carbon source at a lower temperature. To deeply characterize the molecular adaptations and metabolic processes of this strain when grown in a petroleum-containing environment, transcriptome analysis was performed. A total of 4664 genes and the expression of 3969 genes were observed in strain 15-4. When the strain was grown in petroleum-containing medium, 2192 genes were significantly regulated, of which 1312 (60%) were upregulated and 880 (40%) were downregulated. This strain degraded and adapted to petroleum via modulation of diverse molecular processes, including improvements in transporter activity, oxidoreductase/dehydrogenase activity, two-component system/signal transduction, transcriptional regulation, fatty acid catabolism, amino acid metabolism, and environmental stress responses. Many strain-specific genes were involved in the oxidation of hydrocarbon compounds, such as several luciferase family alkane monooxygenase genes, flavin-utilizing monooxygenase family genes, and flavoprotein-like family alkanesulfonate monooxygenase genes. Several cold shock protein genes were also induced suggesting adaptation to cold environments and the potential for petroleum degradation at low temperatures. The results obtained in this study may broaden our understanding of molecular adaptation of bacteria to hydrocarbon-containing environments and may provide valuable data for further study of L. fusiformis.


Assuntos
Bacillaceae/genética , Bacillaceae/metabolismo , Petróleo/metabolismo , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Adaptação Fisiológica , Bacillaceae/isolamento & purificação , Biodegradação Ambiental , Proteínas e Peptídeos de Choque Frio/biossíntese , Proteínas e Peptídeos de Choque Frio/genética , Temperatura Baixa , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Hidrocarbonetos/metabolismo , Oxigenases de Função Mista/biossíntese , Oxigenases de Função Mista/genética , Microbiologia do Solo , Tibet
16.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(11): 12755-12766, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32006338

RESUMO

Lipases are hydrolytic enzymes owing much importance in industrial applications. These enzyme-based detergents are ecofriendly and produce a wastewater with low level of COD (chemical oxygen demand). In the present work, a novel halophilous, thermoalkaline, and detergent-tolerant lipase produced by a newly isolated Aeribacillus pallidus strain VP3 was studied. Considerable interest has been given to this lipase by the improvement of its catalytic activity through the optimization of the pH, the (C/N) ratio, and the inoculum size, using the response surface methodology based on the Box-Behnken design of experiments. A total of 16 experiments were conducted, and the optimized pH, (C/N) ratio, and inoculum size were 10, 1, and 0.3, respectively. The results of the analysis of variance (ANOVA) test indicated that the established model was significant (p value < 0.05). The optimization of the production conditions leads to 2.83-fold of increase in the catalytic activity calculated as the ratio of the activity obtained after optimization (68 U) and the initial activity before optimization (24 U). All in all, the lipase of Aeribacillus pallidus could be considered as a potential candidate to be incorporated in detergent formulations since it shows a good stability towards detergents and wash performance.


Assuntos
Bacillaceae , Lipase , Detergentes , Hidrólise
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(4): 2359-2365, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065575

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, motile, facultatively anaerobic, non-sporing, and rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated HF60T, was isolated from the Red Maple Lake of Guizhou Province, China. The DNA G+C content of the strain HF60T was 55.0 %. The predominant isoprenoid quinones were identified as MK-7 (56.4 %) and MK-8 (35.7 %). The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol and aminophosphoglycolipid. The major fatty acids were anteiso-C13 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0 and iso-C13 : 0. The strain had cell wall peptidoglycan type A3α l-Lys-Gly. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain HF60T belonged to the genus Exiguobacterium and was most closely related to Exiguobacterium sibiricum JCM 13490T (97.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), followed by Exiguobacterium undae DSM 14481T (97.1 %), Exiguobacterium antarcticum DSM 14480T (96.9 %) and Exiguobacterium aurantiacum NBRC 14763T (94.5 %). The differential phenotypic properties, together with the phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness indicated that strain HF60T can be considered to represent a novel species of the genus Exiguobacterium, for which the name Exiguobacterium flavidum sp. nov. is proposed, The type strain is HF60T (=MCCC 1H00336T=KCTC 33987T).


Assuntos
Bacillaceae/classificação , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Bacillaceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1947-1952, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985396

RESUMO

We performed taxonomic studies on a psychrotolerant strain, designated PB01T, isolated from an Antarctic iceberg. The cells of strain PB01T were Gram-stain-positive, strictly aerobic, white-yellow and rod-shaped. The results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain PB01T was closely related to Psychrobacillus psychrodurans DSM 11713T (99.19 % similarity), Psychrobacillus psychrotolerans DSM 11706T (98.91 %) and Psychrobacillus insolitus DSM 5T (98.85 %). Despite high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, the degrees of DNA-DNA relatedness between strain PB01T and its three closest phylogenetic neighbours were 62.4±7.3 % for P. psychrodurans DSM 11713T, 61.1±5.4 % for P. psychrotolerans DSM 11706T and 56.1±6.9 % for P. insolitus DSM 5T. The predominant cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and C16 : 1ω7с-OH. Menaquinone-8 was the major respiratory quinone, and phosphatidylethanolamine was the major polar lipid. The DNA G+C content of strain PB01T calculated from the complete genome sequence was 36.0 mol%. Based on the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, genomic and phylogenetic data obtained in the present study, we conclude that strain PB01T represents a novel species of the genus Psychrobacillus, for which we propose the name Psychrobacillus glaciei sp. nov. The type strain is PB01T (=CECT 9792T=KCTC 43041T).


Assuntos
Bacillaceae/classificação , Camada de Gelo/microbiologia , Filogenia , Regiões Antárticas , Bacillaceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(2): 1139-1144, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751198

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, moderately halophilic, strictly aerobic, endospore-forming, rod-shaped bacterium, strain JSM 102062T, was isolated from a non-saline farm soil sample collected from Dehang Canyon in Hunan, PR China. Growth occurred with 0.5-20 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 4-7 %) at pH 5.5-11.0 (optimum pH 8.0) and at 20-50 °C (optimum 30-35 °C). Contained cell-wall peptidoglycan based on meso-diaminopimelic acid and possessed menaquinone-7 (MK-7) as the major respiratory isoprenoid quinone. The major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0. The polar lipid pattern consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, five unidentified phospholipids and an unidentified glycolipid. The DNA G+C content was 44.1 mol%. Phylogeny based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain JSM 102062T belonged to the genus Sediminibacillus, sharing high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to Sediminibacillus halophilus EN8dT (99.4 %) and Sediminibacillus albus NHBX5T (98.3 %). The whole genomic analysis showed that strain JSM 102062T constituted a different taxon separated from the recognized Sediminibacillus species. Combined data from phenotypic and genotypic studies demonstrated that strain JSM 102062T represents a noval species of the genus Sediminibacillus, for which the name Sediminibacillus terrae sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is JSM 102062T (=CCTCC AB 2014166T = CGMCC 1.12957T=DSM 28949T=KCTC 33541T).


Assuntos
Bacillaceae/classificação , Fazendas , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Bacillaceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
20.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 70(3): 159-164, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755565

RESUMO

Conventionally, animal hide and skin necessitates 95% saturated brine solution (SBS) for its preservation. This salt is primarily derived from different sources including solar-saltern, evaporation ponds, etc., which are laden with different types of halophilic micro-organisms. Previous studies confirmed that the presence of moderately halophilic bacteria caused red heat on cured hide, which adversely affects the leather quality and causes substantial economic losses for leather industries. Thus, this investigation was carried out to examine the effects of different concentrations of alkyltrimethylammonium bromide (ATMB) on selected halophilic-bacteria attributed to the deterioration of hide quality. In nutrient broth solution (NBS), ATMB at 250 and 500 ppm reduced individual halo-bacteria, that is, Halomonas halodenitrificans, Halomonas eurihalina, Alkalibacillus haloalkaliphilus and Salimicrobium album, by averages of 0·64 and 1·90, 1·5 and 2·61, 0·90 and 2·27, 1·65 and 3·36 log CFU per ml respectively in 5 min. ATMB treatment in SBS at 500 ppm for 18 h resulted in a reduction of H. halodenitrificans, H. eurihalina, A. haloalkaliphilus and S. album by averages of 1·9, 1·25, 0·96 and 1·34 log CFU per ml respectively, when compared with the controls. Likewise, 5000 ppm ATMB reduced the cocktail population nearly to zero from that cultivated in SBS for 18 h. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: In this investigation, the inhibition of different halophilic bacteria that causes red heat in salt-preserved hides is described for the first time. The antimicrobial susceptibility test executed via solution procedures for selected halophilic bacterial strains (i.e. resistant to the salt environment) revealed significant efficacy of alkyltrimethylammonium bromide (ATMB). The current study suggests that, chemical compound like ATMB could be utilized to prevent red heat-related damage on salt-cured hides caused by halophilic bacteria, which is a persisting concern of the leather industry.


Assuntos
Bacillaceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Halomonas/efeitos dos fármacos , Soluções para Preservação de Órgãos/farmacologia , Preservação de Órgãos/métodos , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário/farmacologia , Pele/microbiologia , Animais , Brometos/farmacologia , Descontaminação/métodos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Sais/farmacologia , Cloreto de Sódio/farmacologia
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