Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 850
Filtrar
1.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 578, 2020 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32758181

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gram-positive anaerobic (GPA) bacteria inhabit different parts of the human body as commensals but can also cause bacteremia. In this retrospective observational study, we analyzed GPA bacteremia pathogens before (2013-2015) and after (2016-2018) the introduction of the matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). METHOD: We conducted a retrospective observational study by searching the microbiology database to identify all positive GPA blood cultures of patients with GPA bacteremia diagnosed using the new technique, MALDI-TOF MS, between January 1, 2016 and December 31, 2018; and using a conventional phenotypic method between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2015 at a single tertiary center in Japan. Parvimonas micra (P. micra) (17.5%) was the second most frequently identified GPA (MALDI-TOF MS); we then retrospectively reviewed electronic medical records for 25 P. micra bacteremia cases at our hospital. We also conducted a literature review of published cases in PubMed from January 1, 1980, until December 31, 2019; 27 cases were retrieved. RESULTS: Most cases of P. micra bacteremia were identified after 2015, both, at our institute and from the literature review. They were of mostly elderly patients and had comorbid conditions (malignancies and diabetes). In our cases, laryngeal pharynx (7/25, 28%) and gastrointestinal tract (GIT; 6/25, 24%) were identified as the most likely sources of bacteremia; however, the infection source was not identified in 9 cases (36%). P. micra bacteremia were frequently associated with spondylodiscitis (29.6%), oropharyngeal infection (25.9%), intra-abdominal abscess (14.8%), infective endocarditis (11.1%), septic pulmonary emboli (11.1%), and GIT infection (11.1%) in the literature review. Almost all cases were treated successfully with antibiotics and by abscess drainage. The 30-day mortalities were 4 and 3.7% for our cases and the literature cases, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Infection sites of P. micra are predominantly associated with GIT, oropharyngeal, vertebral spine, intra-abdominal region, pulmonary, and heart valves. Patients with P. micra bacteremia could have good prognosis following appropriate treatment.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia/diagnóstico , Firmicutes/química , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/química , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/sangue , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Bacteriemia/tratamento farmacológico , Bacteriemia/microbiologia , Hemocultura , Discite/microbiologia , Feminino , Firmicutes/isolamento & purificação , Trato Gastrointestinal/microbiologia , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/microbiologia , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Orofaringe/microbiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
2.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(3): 625-632, 2020 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32700516

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Currently, the prevention of periodontal diseases focuses on mechanical removal of pathogenic biofilms combined with oral antiseptics as supportive chemical antibacterial control. Due to the risk of resistance development and side effects of existing antiseptics, the interest in alternative medicine with naturopathic treatment modalities is growing in dentistry. In the present study, the antibacterial effect of the naturopathic oral care product Repha OS and some of its derivatives, based on medicinal plant extracts and essential oils, with a specific focus on added sweeteners, was investigated on periodontal pathogenic and halitosis-associated bacteria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The antibacterial efficacy was investigated by agar dilution assay. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for the bacterial species Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia and Solobacterium moorei was determined. RESULTS: A concentration-dependent antibacterial effect on oral bacterial species by Repha OS and its derivatives was demonstrated. For the original product, the maximum MIC was 10% of the calculated test solution concentration in agar for all examined bacterial species. The removal of essential oils reduced the antibacterial efficacy, whereas the displacement or replacement of sweeteners had almost no effect. CONCLUSION: In addition to other individual effects of the ingredients, the results of this study show that an antibacterial effect of the naturopathic oral care product on the tested oral bacterial species was achieved in vitro. In vivo, the combination of this antibacterial effect with other properties of the various ingredients may be interesting for a holistic approach in preventive dentistry.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Fusobacterium nucleatum , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans , Firmicutes , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Prevotella intermedia
3.
Environ Monit Assess ; 192(8): 516, 2020 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666262

RESUMO

Applying a desirable disinfestation process is necessary to control the pathogenic microorganisms in the swimming pools and prevent both dermal and intestinal effects. Therefore, the present study was conducted to compare the bacterial community and diversity in the two swimming pools disinfected by the chlorine and ozone (O3)-chlorine processes. A total of 24 samples were taken from the two swimming pools in three distinct seasons to analyze the bacterial and physico-chemical indicators. Culture and molecular methods were used to evaluate the microbial quality. Two sets of sample taken from the pools with the maximum swimmer load in the summer were investigated by the next-generation sequencing (NGS) technique. In total, 410 and 406 bacterial species were identified in the chlorine- and ozone-chlorine-disinfected pools, respectively. Among the eight dominant bacterial species in each swimming pool, Pseudomonas alcaliphila, Pseudomonas stutzeri, and Pseudomonas acnes were common species between the two studied pools. Oleomonas sagaranensis (350 reads/18593), Staphylococcus caprae (302 reads /18593), and Anaerococcus octavius (110 reads/18593) were among the dominant bacteria in the chlorine-disinfected pool. Bacterial diversity was lower in the ozone-chlorine-disinfected pool than the other one, and the highest bacterial sequencing belonged to the genus Pseudomonas (85.79%). Results showed that water quality of in O3-chlorine-disinfected pool was more desirable than the chlorine-disinfected pool. Molecular methods along with conventional culture methods would be advantageous for microbial assessment in the swimming pools.


Assuntos
Desinfetantes/análise , Ozônio , Piscinas , Acetobacteraceae , Cloro/análise , Desinfecção , Monitoramento Ambiental , Firmicutes , Irã (Geográfico) , Pseudomonas , Staphylococcus , Microbiologia da Água
4.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234920, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32559224

RESUMO

Sanguinarine is a bioactive compound as a quaternary benzophenanthridine alkaloid from plant of the Macleaya cordata, Papaveraceae family. The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary sanguinarine supplementation on growth performance, serum biochemistry parameters, intestinal mucosal morphology and gut microbiome in yellow feathered broilers. Two hundred and seventy 1-d-old female broilers were randomly assigned to 3 treatments ① Basal diet (NG); ② Basal diet containing bacitracin methylene disalicylate (50mg/Kg diet) (ANT); ③ Basal diet containing sanguinarine (0.7 mg/ kg of feed) (SAG). The statistical results showed that dietary sanguinarine supplementation enhanced growth performance and decreased glucose, uric acid as well as urea nitrogen levels of broilers at 28d of age (P<0.05). The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that sanguinarine significantly decreased the species from the phyla Bacteroidetes, and increased the species from phyla Firmicutes. Moreover, dietary sanguinarine supplementation improved mucosal morphology to achieve higher ratio of intestinal villus height to crypt depth (P < 0.05), and decreased the concentrations of TNF-α and IL-4 in jejunum mucosal. This study demonstrated that sanguinarine supplementation in the diet of yellow feathered broilers improved intestinal morphology and microbiota community structure to promote growth performance on 1-28d.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Benzofenantridinas/farmacologia , Galinhas/microbiologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Isoquinolinas/farmacologia , Jejuno/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Anti-Infecciosos/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Aviárias/genética , Proteínas Aviárias/metabolismo , Bacteroidetes/efeitos dos fármacos , Bacteroidetes/patogenicidade , Benzofenantridinas/administração & dosagem , Glicemia/metabolismo , Galinhas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Suplementos Nutricionais , Feminino , Firmicutes/efeitos dos fármacos , Firmicutes/patogenicidade , Interleucina-4/genética , Interleucina-4/metabolismo , Isoquinolinas/administração & dosagem , Jejuno/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Jejuno/metabolismo , Jejuno/microbiologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Ácido Úrico/sangue
5.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 48(12): 6970-6979, 2020 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32479610

RESUMO

Recently, prokaryotic riboswitches have been identified that regulate transcription in response to change of the concentration of secondary messengers. The ZMP (5-Aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide (AICAR))-sensing riboswitch from Thermosinus carboxydivorans is a transcriptional ON-switch that is involved in purine and carbon-1 metabolic cycles. Its aptamer domain includes the pfl motif, which features a pseudoknot, impeding rho-independent terminator formation upon stabilization by ZMP interaction. We herein investigate the conformational landscape of transcriptional intermediates including the expression platform of this riboswitch and characterize the formation and unfolding of the important pseudoknot structure in the context of increasing length of RNA transcripts. NMR spectroscopic data show that even surprisingly short pre-terminator stems are able to disrupt ligand binding and thus metabolite sensing. We further show that the pseudoknot structure, a prerequisite for ligand binding, is preformed in transcription intermediates up to a certain length. Our results describe the conformational changes of 13 transcription intermediates of increasing length to delineate the change in structure as mRNA is elongated during transcription. We thus determine the length of the key transcription intermediate to which addition of a single nucleotide leads to a drastic drop in ZMP affinity.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/genética , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Ribonucleotídeos/genética , Riboswitch/genética , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Firmicutes/genética , Firmicutes/ultraestrutura , Ligantes , Purinas/metabolismo , RNA Bacteriano/genética , RNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , Ribonucleotídeos/química
6.
Aquat Toxicol ; 225: 105515, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32516672

RESUMO

Heavy metals can cause a significant damage to submerged macrophytes and affect its periphyton biofilms in aquatic environments. This study investigated the effects of heavy metals such as copper (Cu), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and their mixture on physiological and biochemical responses and ultrastructure characteristics of Vallisneria natans (V. natans). Furthermore, differences in structures of microbial communities were observed in biofilms. The results showed that Cu2+, Pb2+, Cd2+ and their mixture could destroy cell structure and photosynthetic system, and directly caused oxidative damage to submerged macrophyte and induced antioxidant enzyme system. In general, biomass and total chlorophyll content of V. natans noticeably decreased, while the activities of superoxide dismutase, peroxidase and catalase were enhanced by heavy metal stress inducement in restricted range, and the malondialdehyde content increased with the aggravation of the damage. The single heavy metal stress played a negative impact, however, the combined stress was not always synergistic effects on plants. High-throughput sequencing analysis suggested that heavy metals changed the abundance and structure of the microbial biofilm community. Proteobacteria and Bacteroidete were the dominant bacteria under heavy metal stress and other species and abundance of bacteria such as Firmicute, Cyanobacteria, Chloroflexi, Actinobacteria, Verrucomicrobia, Acidobacteria, Deinococcus-Thermus, Chlamydiae were also present. These findings provided useful information for further understanding about submerged macrophytes and periphyton biofilms responsed to heavy metal stress in aquatic environments in the future.


Assuntos
Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Hydrocharitaceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Metais Pesados/toxicidade , Microbiota/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Biomassa , Clorofila/metabolismo , Cianobactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Cianobactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Firmicutes/efeitos dos fármacos , Firmicutes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Hydrocharitaceae/microbiologia , Hydrocharitaceae/ultraestrutura , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Perifíton/efeitos dos fármacos , Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos
7.
Chemosphere ; 257: 127220, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32531487

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) is widely spread in the aquatic environment, and its impact on humans and the ecosystem is an important issue in public health. However, its effects on zebrafish microbiota are still poorly understood. In this study, the potential developmental neurotoxicity and microbiota dysbiosis of ecologically relevant concentrations of Cd (0, 1.25, 2.5 and 5 µg/L) was evaluated by waterborne exposure for 7 days. The data showed that exposure to 5 µg/L of Cd significantly decreased survival rates and impaired locomotor activities. Uptake of Cd was enhanced with the increase of the concentration and duration of exposure. High-throughput sequencing analysis revealed a significant change in the richness and diversity of the microbiota of Cd-treated zebrafish. At the phylum level, the abundance of Proteobacteria increased, while that Firmicutes was significantly decreased after exposure to 5 µg/L Cd. At the genus level, there were significant changes in the abundances of several bacteria involved in the regulation of neurodegenerative diseases (Pseudomonas, Ruminococcaceae, Blautia, Bacteroides, Lactobacillus, Lachnospiraceae, and Phascolarctobacterium) in the Cd-treatment groups, as compared to the control group. In addition, the mRNA expression profiles of bdnf and genes involved in serotonin signaling and metabolism were changed in the Cd exposure groups. Together, these data suggest that Cd could be harmful to zebrafish health by inducing the microbiota changes, and the microbiota could serve as a potential target to protect against the adverse effects of Cd toxicity.


Assuntos
Cádmio/metabolismo , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/microbiologia , Animais , Bactérias , Cádmio/toxicidade , Disbiose , Ecologia , Firmicutes/efeitos dos fármacos , Locomoção , Microbiota , Proteobactérias , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
8.
Nat Med ; 26(6): 919-931, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32451498

RESUMO

The prognosis of colon cancer (CC) is dictated by tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, including follicular helper T (TFH) cells and the efficacy of chemotherapy-induced immune responses. It remains unclear whether gut microbes contribute to the elicitation of TFH cell-driven responses. Here, we show that the ileal microbiota dictates tolerogenic versus immunogenic cell death of ileal intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) and the accumulation of TFH cells in patients with CC and mice. Suppression of IEC apoptosis led to compromised chemotherapy-induced immunosurveillance against CC in mice. Protective immune responses against CC were associated with residence of Bacteroides fragilis and Erysipelotrichaceae in the ileum. In the presence of these commensals, apoptotic ileal IECs elicited PD-1+ TFH cells in an interleukin-1R1- and interleukin-12-dependent manner. The ileal microbiome governed the efficacy of chemotherapy and PD-1 blockade in CC independently of microsatellite instability. These findings demonstrate that immunogenic ileal apoptosis contributes to the prognosis of chemotherapy-treated CC.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/imunologia , Íleo/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Oxaliplatina/farmacologia , Adenocarcinoma/imunologia , Adenocarcinoma/microbiologia , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/imunologia , Bacteroides fragilis , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias do Colo/imunologia , Neoplasias do Colo/microbiologia , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/imunologia , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Feminino , Firmicutes , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Humanos , Íleo/imunologia , Íleo/microbiologia , Íleo/patologia , Morte Celular Imunogênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Morte Celular Imunogênica/imunologia , Vigilância Imunológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Vigilância Imunológica/imunologia , Interleucina-12/imunologia , Mucosa Intestinal , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxaliplatina/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores Tipo I de Interleucina-1/imunologia , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/imunologia
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(5): 3361-3373, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375973

RESUMO

A novel obligately anaerobic, thermophilic and formate-utilizing bacterium K32T was isolated from Shengli oilfield of China. Cells were straight rods (0.4-0.8 µm × 2.5-8.0 µm), Gram-stain-positive, non-spore-forming and slightly motile. Optimum growth occurred with pH of 7 and 0.5 g l-1 NaCl under temperature of 55-60 °C. Nitrate could be reduced into nitrite, syntrophic formate oxidation to methane and carbon dioxide occurred when co-culturing strain K32T and Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus ΔH. The main cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0 (24.0 %), anteiso-C15 : 0 (21.7 %), C16 : 0 (12.7 %) and C14 : 0 (10.8 %), and the main polar lipid was phosphatidylglycerol. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 46.3 mol%. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of K32T shared ≤90.4 % of sequence similarity to closest type strains of Desulfitibacter alkalitolerans, Calderihabitans maritimus and members of the genus Moorella. Based on the phenotypic, biochemical and genotypic characterization, Zhaonella formicivorans gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed with K32T (=CCAM 584T =DSM 107278T=CGMCC1.5297T) as the type strain, which is the first representative of Zhaonellaceae fam. nov. In addition, the order Thermoanaerobacterales and family Peptococcaceae were reclassified, and three novel families in the novel order of Moorellales ord. nov. were also proposed.


Assuntos
Firmicutes/classificação , Formiatos/metabolismo , Campos de Petróleo e Gás/microbiologia , Filogenia , Anaerobiose , Bactérias Anaeróbias/classificação , Bactérias Anaeróbias/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Firmicutes/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3656-3664, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416738

RESUMO

Four strains (9CBEGH2T, 9BBH35, 6BBH38 and 6EGH11) of Gram-stain-positive, obligately anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria were isolated from faecal samples from healthy Japanese humans. The results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that the four strains represented members of the family Erysipelotrichaceae and formed a monophyletic cluster with 'Absiella argi' strain N6H1-5 (99.4% sequence similarity) and Eubacterium sp. Marseille-P5640 (99.3 %). Eubacterium dolichum JCM 10413T (94.2 %) and Eubacterium tortuosum ATCC 25548T (93.7 %) were located near this monophyletic cluster. The isolates, 9CBEGH2T, 'A. argi' JCM 30884 and Eubacterium sp. Marseille-P5640 shared 98.7-99.1% average nucleotide identity (ANI) with each other. Moreover, the in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH) values among three strains were 88.4-90.6%, indicating that these strains represent the same species. Strain 9CBEGH2T showed 21.5-24.1 % in silico DDH values with other related taxa. In addition, the ANI values between strain 9CBEGH2T and other related taxa ranged from 71.2 % to 73.5 %, indicating that this strain should be considered as representing a novel species on the basis of whole-genome relatedness. Therefore, we formally propose a novel name for 'A. argi' strains identified because the name 'A. argi' has been effectively, but not validly, published since 2017. On the basis of the collected data, strain 9CBEGH2T represents a novel species of a novel genus, for which the name Amedibacterium intestinale gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of A. intestinale is 9CBEGH2T (=JCM 33778T=DSM 110575T).


Assuntos
Fezes/microbiologia , Firmicutes/classificação , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Eubacterium/classificação , Ácidos Graxos/química , Firmicutes/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Japão , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
11.
Extremophiles ; 24(4): 551-564, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32388815

RESUMO

Calderihabitans maritimus KKC1 is a thermophilic, carbon monoxide (CO)-utilizing, hydrogen-evolving bacterium that harbors seven cooS genes for anaerobic CO dehydrogenases and six hyd genes for [NiFe] hydrogenases and capable of using a variety of electron acceptors coupled to CO oxidation. To understand the relationships among these unique features and the transcriptional adaptation of the organism to CO, we performed a transcriptome analysis of C. maritimus KKC1 grown under 100% CO and N2 conditions. Of its 3114 genes, 58 and 32 genes were significantly upregulated and downregulated in the presence of CO, respectively. A cooS-ech gene cluster, an "orphan" cooS gene, and bidirectional hyd genes were upregulated under CO, whereas hydrogen-uptake hyd genes were downregulated. Transcriptional changes in anaerobic respiratory genes supported the broad usage of electron acceptors in C. maritimus KKC1 under CO metabolism. Overall, the majority of the differentially expressed genes were oxidoreductase-like genes, suggesting metabolic adaptation to the cellular redox change upon CO oxidation. Moreover, our results suggest a transcriptional response mechanism to CO that involves multiple transcription factors, as well as a CO-responsive transcriptional activator (CooA). Our findings shed light on the diverse mechanisms for transcriptional and metabolic adaptations to CO in CO-utilizing and hydrogen-evolving bacteria.


Assuntos
Firmicutes , Monóxido de Carbono , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Hidrogênio , Hidrogenase , Oxirredução , Transcriptoma
12.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(7): 1763-1773, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32350549

RESUMO

To observe the temporal shifts of the intestinal microbial community structure and diversity in rats for 30 days after death. Rectal swabs were collected from rats before death (BD) and on day 1, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 after death (AD). Bacteria genomic DNA was extracted and V3 + V4 regions of 16S rRNA gene were amplified by PCR. The amplicons were sequenced at Illumina MiSeq sequencing platform. The bacterial diversity and richness showed similar results from day 1 to 5 and day 10 to 25 all presenting downtrend, while from day 5 to 10 showed slightly increased. The relative abundance of Firmicutes and Proteobacteria displayed inverse variation in day 1, 5, 10 and that was the former decreased, the latter increased. Bacteroidetes, Spirochaete and TM7 in day 15, 20, 25, 30 was significantly decline comparing with BD. Enterococcus and Proteus displayed reduced trend over day 1, 5, 10 and day 10, 15, 20, 25, respectively, while Sporosarcina showed obvious elevation during day 15, 20, 25. Accordingly, there was a certain correlation between intestinal flora succession and the time of death. The results suggested that intestinal flora may be potential indicator to aid estimation of post-mortem interval (PMI).


Assuntos
Fenômenos Fisiológicos Bacterianos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Microbiota , Mudanças Depois da Morte , Ratos Sprague-Dawley/microbiologia , Animais , Bactérias/genética , Bacteroidetes/fisiologia , Firmicutes/fisiologia , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Microbiota/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Proteobactérias/fisiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Ratos , Fatores de Tempo
13.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0232699, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374760

RESUMO

The metal hyperaccumulator Azolla filiculoides is accompanied by a microbiome potentially supporting plant during exposition to heavy metals. We hypothesized that the microbiome exposition to selected heavy metals will reveal metal tolerant strains. We used Next Generation Sequencing technique to identify possible metal tolerant strains isolated from the metal-treated plant (Pb, Cd, Cr(VI), Ni, Au, Ag). The main dominants were Cyanobacteria and Proteobacteria constituting together more than 97% of all reads. Metal treatment led to changes in the composition of the microbiome and showed significantly higher richness in the Pb-, Cd- and Cr-treated plant in comparison with other (95-105 versus 36-44). In these treatments the share of subdominant Actinobacteria (0.4-0.8%), Firmicutes (0.5-0.9%) and Bacteroidetes (0.2-0.9%) were higher than in non-treated plant (respectively: 0.02, 0.2 and 0.001%) and Ni-, Au- and Ag-treatments (respectively: <0.4%, <0.2% and up to 0.2%). The exception was Au-treatment displaying the abundance 1.86% of Bacteroidetes. In addition, possible metal tolerant genera, namely: Acinetobacter, Asticcacaulis, Anabaena, Bacillus, Brevundimonas, Burkholderia, Dyella, Methyloversatilis, Rhizobium and Staphylococcus, which form the core microbiome, were recognized by combining their abundance in all samples with literature data. Additionally, the presence of known metal tolerant genera was confirmed: Mucilaginibacter, Pseudomonas, Mycobacterium, Corynebacterium, Stenotrophomonas, Clostridium, Micrococcus, Achromobacter, Geobacter, Flavobacterium, Arthrobacter and Delftia. We have evidenced that A. filiculoides possess a microbiome whose representatives belong to metal-resistant species which makes the fern the source of biotechnologically useful microorganisms for remediation processes.


Assuntos
Cádmio/farmacologia , Cromo/farmacologia , Gleiquênias/microbiologia , Chumbo/farmacologia , Microbiota/efeitos dos fármacos , Microbiota/genética , Poluentes do Solo/farmacologia , Actinobacteria/efeitos dos fármacos , Actinobacteria/genética , Actinobacteria/metabolismo , Bacteroidetes/efeitos dos fármacos , Bacteroidetes/genética , Bacteroidetes/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Cádmio/metabolismo , Cromo/metabolismo , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Bacteriano/isolamento & purificação , Firmicutes/efeitos dos fármacos , Firmicutes/genética , Firmicutes/metabolismo , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Chumbo/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Microbiologia do Solo
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(5): 1047-1052, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237444

RESUMO

Leaf blight is the main disease of Asarum. At present, chemical treatment is main measure for disease control, and there is no report on biological control. In order to achieve the biological control of Asarum leaf blight, the biocontrol strains with antagonistic effect on Asarum leaf blight were screened. The rhizosphere bacteria of healthy Asarum plants were isolated by soil dilution method, and the isolated strains were screened by the methods of antagonistic antifungal and fermentation liquid antifungal, then the strains were identified and the control effect in vivo was determined. Abiocontrol bacterial strains S2-31 which with high antagonism to leaf blight was obtained from more than 100 isolated strains. The inhibitory rates of antagonistic antifungal and fermentation liquid antifungal reached 92.47% and 60.56%, respectively. It was identified by morphology and 16 S rDNA sequence analysis, and the strain was identified as Brevibacillus laterosporus. The results of indoor potted experiment showed that the control effect was 79.87%, 71.44% and 66.82% on the 3 rd, 5 th and 7 th day after inoculation, respectively, which indicated that S2-31 could reduce the disease index and control the development of Asarum leaf blight.


Assuntos
Asarum/microbiologia , Agentes de Controle Biológico , Firmicutes , Doenças das Plantas/prevenção & controle , Microbiologia do Solo , Antibiose , DNA Ribossômico , Fungos/patogenicidade , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Rizosfera
15.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0231237, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32267892

RESUMO

Consumption of either monosodium glutamate (MSG) or high-fat and high-fructose (HFF) diets changes the gut microbiome and hence contributes to development of several diseases. In this study, with an emphasis on kidney injury, hamsters were divided into 4 groups as follows: (1) hamsters fed with standard diet (control); (2) hamsters fed with standard diet and MSG in drinking water (MSG); (3) hamsters fed with high-fat and high-fructose diets (HFF), and (4) animals fed MSG+HFF. After 8 months, the animals were used for the study. Despite showing normal kidney function, hamsters fed with MSG+HFF exhibited signs of kidney damage as demonstrated by the highest expression levels of high-mobility group box-1 and kidney injury molecule-1 in kidney tissues, while slight changes of histopathological features in H&E-stained sections and normal levels of creatinine were observed, indicating possible early stages of kidney injury. Sequencing of the microbial 16S rRNA gene revealed that animals fed with the MSG+HFF diet had a higher ratio of gut Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes along with marked changes in abundance and diversity of gut microbiome compared to hamsters fed with MSG or HFF alone. In addition, 1H Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy showed an elevation of urine p-cresol sulfate levels in the MSG+HFF group. These results indicate that consumption of both MSG and HFF increases the risk of kidney injury, induces gut dysbiosis and an increase in the amount of p-cresol sulfate in hamsters.


Assuntos
Dieta da Carga de Carboidratos/efeitos adversos , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Disbiose/etiologia , Frutose/administração & dosagem , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Insuficiência Renal/etiologia , Glutamato de Sódio/farmacologia , Animais , Bacteroidetes/genética , Cresóis/urina , Cricetinae , Firmicutes/genética , Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Receptor Celular 1 do Vírus da Hepatite A/metabolismo , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/metabolismo , Masculino , Mesocricetus , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Insuficiência Renal/urina , Ésteres do Ácido Sulfúrico/urina
16.
Nat Rev Cancer ; 20(4): 200, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32112044
17.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0223629, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32196505

RESUMO

Bats are well known reservoir hosts for RNA and DNA viruses. The use of captive bats in research has intensified over the past decade as researchers aim to examine the virus-reservoir host interface. In this study, we investigated the effects of captivity on the fecal bacterial microbiome of an insectivorous microbat, Mops condylurus, a species that roosts in close proximity to humans and has likely transmitted viral infections to humans. Using amplicon 16S rRNA gene sequencing, we characterized changes in fecal bacterial community composition for individual bats directly at the time of capture and again after six weeks in captivity. We found that microbial community richness by measure of the number of observed operational taxonomic units (OTUs) in bat feces increases in captivity. Importantly, we found the similarity of microbial community structures of fecal microbiomes between different bats to converge during captivity. We propose a six week-acclimatization period prior to carrying out infection studies or other research influenced by the microbiome composition, which may be advantageous to reduce variation in microbiome composition and minimize biological variation inherent to in vivo experimental studies.


Assuntos
Quirópteros/microbiologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , Insetívoros/microbiologia , Animais , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Fezes/microbiologia , Firmicutes/genética , Insetos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Proteobactérias/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(10): e18954, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32150046

RESUMO

RATIONALE: In patients receiving biological therapies, serious infections are a major concern. Infections associated with anti-tumor necrosis factor antibody therapy include tuberculosis, viral, fungal, and bacterial infections. Likewise, severe infections of the upper and lower respiratory tract, lung, skin and soft tissue, urinary tract, gastrointestinal tract, joint, and bone have also been reported previously. However, infections involving the central nervous system are rare, especially an intracranial infection caused by odontogenic infection. To date, only few cases have been reported of this infection. This is the first case of a patient with psoriatic arthritis receiving adalimumab and developing brain abscess of odontogenic origin. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 39-year-old male with psoriatic arthritis receiving adalimumab treatment came to the emergency department with initial presentation of sudden onset convulsions. He had been receiving adalimumab treatment for 1 month. Two days after the third injection, the patient had an episode of sudden-onset general convulsion for nearly 5 min with the upgazing and general tonic presentation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed left frontal lobe brain abscess. Pus culture from the brain abscess detected Streptococcus sanguinis (S. sanguinis), Fusobacterium nucleatum (F. nucleatum), and Parvimonas micra (P. micra). DIAGNOSIS: Brain abscess with odontogenic infection. INTERVENTIONS: The patient received left frontal craniotomy, abscess drainage and systemic empiric antibiotics treatment with vancomycin, cefepime, and metronidazole. Due to drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms during the treatment, vancomycin and metronidazole were discontinued, and systemic antibiotics were switched to teicoplanin and ceftriaxone. OUTCOMES: A brain MRI follow-up performed after 1 month of initial treatment revealed the reduced size of the abscess lesion and minimal oedema. The patient was discharged with stable condition. LESSONS: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of a patient with psoriatic arthritis receiving adalimumab and developing brain abscess of odontogenic origin. Such a rare diagnosis must be kept in mind when patients treated with adalimumab present with sudden-onset convulsions. Careful dental examination should be performed before administration of adalimumab.


Assuntos
Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Abscesso Encefálico/diagnóstico , Cérebro , Adulto , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Abscesso Encefálico/diagnóstico por imagem , Abscesso Encefálico/etiologia , Abscesso Encefálico/microbiologia , Ceftriaxona/administração & dosagem , Ceftriaxona/uso terapêutico , Terapia Combinada , Craniotomia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Firmicutes/isolamento & purificação , Fusobacterium nucleatum/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Periodontite/complicações , Streptococcus/isolamento & purificação , Teicoplanina/administração & dosagem , Teicoplanina/uso terapêutico
19.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 194: 110420, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32151861

RESUMO

In order to alleviate toxic effects of aflatoxins B1 (AFB1) and zearalenone (ZEA) on broiler production performance and gut microbiota, three kinds of compound probiotics (CP) were selected. The optimal ratios of Bacillus subtilis, Lactobacillus casei and Candida utilis in broiler diets were 7, 5 and 6 log CFU/g for ZEA biodegradation (CP1); 6, 7 and 7 log CFU/g for AFB1 biodegradation (CP2); 7, 6 and 7 log CFU/g for ZEA + AFB1 biodegradation (CP3). A total of 350 1-day-old Ross broilers were randomly divided into 7 groups. Group A was the basal diet, group B-G contained ZEA, AFB1, ZEA + AFB1, ZEA + CP1, AFB1+CP2, ZEA + AFB1+CP3, respectively. The experiment showed that AFB1 or AFB1+ZEA significantly decreased broiler production performance, damaged liver and jejunum, increased mycotoxin residues in broiler body; however, three kinds of compound probiotics additions could alleviate mycotoxin negative effects on the above parameters (p < 0.05). The gut microbiota analysis indicated that AFB1+ZEA increased jejunal microbial richness, but which were decreased to almost the same level as the control group by CP3 addition. CP3 addition significantly increased jejunal Firmicutes and Lactobacillus aviarius abundances. The correlative analysis showed that gut Lactobacillus aviarius abundance was positively correlated with average daily gain (ADG) of broilers (p < 0.05), while AFB1+ZEA addition decreased its relative abundance, indicating that CP3 addition increased broiler growth by increasing Lactobacillus aviarius abundance. AFB1 and ZEA residues in broiler body were negatively correlated with the gut beneficial bacterial abundances (p < 0.01), but positively correlated with the potentially harmful bacterial abundances (p < 0.05), which inferred that CP3 addition could decrease mycotoxin residues through positively regulating gut relative bacterial abundances. In conclusion, compound probiotics could keep gut microbiota stable, degrade mycotoxins, alleviate histological lesions, increase production performance and reduce mycotoxin toxicity for broilers.


Assuntos
Aflatoxina B1/toxicidade , Galinhas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Probióticos/farmacologia , Zearalenona/toxicidade , Ração Animal/análise , Ração Animal/microbiologia , Animais , Bacillus subtilis/isolamento & purificação , Galinhas/metabolismo , Dieta , Suplementos Nutricionais , Firmicutes/isolamento & purificação , Distribuição Aleatória
20.
J Gen Virol ; 101(4): 362-363, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022658

RESUMO

Members of the family Herelleviridae are bacterial viruses infecting members of the phylum Firmicutes. The virions have myovirus morphology and virus genomes comprise a linear dsDNA of 125-170 kb. This is a summary of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Report on the family Herelleviridae, which is available at ictv.global/report/herelleviridae.


Assuntos
Bacteriófagos/genética , Firmicutes/virologia , Genoma Viral , Filogenia , Vírion/ultraestrutura , Replicação Viral
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA