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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(27): e20916, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629688

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Evolving techniques in the field of therapeutic bronchoscopy have led to the return of rigid bronchoscopy in the treatment of complex central airway disease. Rigid bronchoscopy is typically performed under general anesthesia because of the strong stimulation caused by metal instruments. Anesthesia for rigid bronchoscopy is challenging to administer because anesthesiologists and interventionists share the same working channel: the airway. Previously reviewed anesthetic methods are used primarily for short procedures. Balanced anesthesia with ultrasound-guided superior laryngeal nerve (SLN) block and total intravenous anesthesia might provide anesthesia for a prolonged procedure and facilitate patient recovery. PATIENT CONCERNS: A patient with obstructed endobronchial stent was referred for therapeutic rigid bronchoscopy, which requires deeper anesthesia than flexible bronchoscopy. There were concerns of the stronger stimulation of the rigid bronchoscopy, lengthy duration of the procedure, higher risk of hypoxemia, and the difficulty of mechanical ventilation weaning after anesthesia due to the patients co-morbidities. DIAGNOSIS: A 66-year-old female patient presented with a history of breast cancer with lung metastases. Right main bronchus obstruction due to external compression of lung metastases was relieved through insertion of an endobronchial stent, but obstructive granulation developed after 4 months. Presence of the malfunctioning stent caused severe cough and discomfort. Removal of the stent by using a flexible bronchoscope was attempted twice but failed. INTERVENTIONS: Regional anesthesia of the upper airway through ultrasound-guided SLN block combined with intratracheal 2% lidocaine spray was performed to assist in total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) during rigid bronchoscopy. OUTCOMES: The patient maintained steady spontaneous breathing throughout the procedure without laryngospasm, bucking, or desaturation. Emergence from anesthesia was smooth and rapid after propofol infusion was discontinued. The surgery lasted 2.5 hours without discontinuity, and no perioperative pulmonary or cardiovascular complications were noted. CONCLUSION: Ultrasound-guided SLN block is a simple technique with a high success rate and low complication rate. Application of SLN block to assist TIVA provides sufficient anesthesia for lengthened therapeutic rigid bronchoscopy without interruption and facilitates patient recovery.


Assuntos
Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/cirurgia , Anestesia , Broncopatias/cirurgia , Broncoscopia/instrumentação , Bloqueio Nervoso , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Broncoscopia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Nervos Laríngeos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Metástase Neoplásica , Stents , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(22): e20498, 2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481466

RESUMO

To explore the outcome of placing a single Y-shaped tracheal self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) to treat emergent carinal stenosis combined with stenosis of the right main and intermediate bronchi.The clinical and imaging data of 10 patients (8 males, 2 females) with carinal stenosis combined with stenosis of the right main and intermediate bronchi were retrospectively analyzed. There were 4 patients with esophageal cancer and 6 patients with lung cancer. All patients underwent treatment with a single Y-shaped tracheal SEMS. The long branch was inserted into the right main and intermediate bronchi, while the short branch was inserted into the left main bronchus. A modified Borg scale score was used as the criterion for assessing dyspnea in patients before and after stenting.A total of 10 Y-shaped tracheal SEMSs were successfully placed in 10 patients without any procedure-related complications. Compared with the score before stent placement, the mean Borg score for dyspnea after stent placement decreased from 7.6 to 0.8 (P = .04). Chest computed tomography showed that the stenosis disappeared 3 to 5 days poststenting. During the follow-up period, the most common complications were tumor ingrowth (n = 5) and granulation tissue hyperplasia (n = 7). The mean survival time after tracheal stent placement was 103 ±â€Š50 (23-172) days.The application of a single Y-shaped tracheal SEMS for emergent carinal stenosis combined with stenosis of the right main and intermediate bronchi can effectively relieve dyspnea through a simple operation.


Assuntos
Broncopatias/terapia , Stents Metálicos Autoexpansíveis , Estenose Traqueal/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Broncopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Constrição Patológica , Neoplasias Esofágicas/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Estenose Traqueal/diagnóstico por imagem
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18627, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895821

RESUMO

To study the safety and efficacy of fluoroscopic removal of self-expandable metallic stent for airway stenosis.We conducted a retrospective analysis of 67 consecutive patients, 39 male and 28 female, who underwent fluoroscopic stent removal from March 2011 to April 2017. The patients ranged in age from 12 to 85 years. Seventy-six airway stents were implanted, 70 covered stents and 6 bare stents, including 9 stents for second stent implantation after removal. All patients underwent chest computed tomography scans with/without bronchoscopy before stent removal. The indication of stent removal and postinterventional complications were analyzed retrospectively.Seventy-four of 76 airway stents were successfully removed, only 2 stent showed retained struts after removal, for a technical success rate of 97.4%. Two patients died of complications (1 hemorrhage and 1 respiratory failure), resulting in a clinical success rate of 94.7%. Five stents showed strut fracture and the remaining 71 stents were removed in 1 piece. Indications for stent removal include planned removal (n = 40), excessive granulation tissue (n = 15), intolerance of stenting (n = 6), inadequate expansion and deformation (n = 5), stent migration (n = 5), replacement of bare stent (n = 4), and strut fracture (n = 1). There were 17 complications of stent removal: death from massive bleeding (n = 1), restenosis requires stenting (n = 9), strut fracture or residue (n = 5), dyspnea requires mechanical ventilation (n = 2). The survival rates were 83.8%, 82.1%, and 82.1% for 0.5, 3, and 6 years.Fluoroscopic removal of airway stent is technically feasible and effective. Stents are recommended for removal within 3 months for treating airway stenosis.


Assuntos
Broncopatias/terapia , Remoção de Dispositivo/métodos , Radiografia Intervencionista/mortalidade , Stents , Estenose Traqueal/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Remoção de Dispositivo/mortalidade , Feminino , Fluoroscopia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(49): e18288, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804372

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The patient in this case report has been diagnosed with multidrug resistant lymph node fistula tracheobronchial tuberculosis (TBTB). The PubMed was searched using the keywords "Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant", "Tuberculosis", and "Bronchial Fistula", and the results yielded no similar case reports. Therefore, this report helps us to explore more on the causes of multidrug resistance and formation of lymph node fistula, as well as associated treatment strategies. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 15-year old Tibetan girl who was previously treated in the local Hospital for Infectious Diseases for repeated TBTB demonstrated poor treatment outcomes, and so was further diagnosed in our hospital. After standard treatments, the cough and expectoration of the girl showed improvement, and mycobacterium culture showed negative results. Thoracic CT showed local compression of the right bronchus, and disappearance of stenosis. Bronchoscopy showed that the fistula was closed and healed. DIAGNOSES: Multidrug resistant lymph node fistula TBTB. INTERVENTIONS: Antituberculosis drugs such as pyrazinamide (0.75 g/time, twice per day), moxifloxacin (0.4 g per day), protionamide enteric-coated tablets (0.2 g/time, 3 times per day), pasiniazide tablets (0.3 g/time, 3 times per day), and capreomycin (0.75 g per day) were orally administered. The treatment included an 8-month intensive treatment phase and a 12-month consolidation phase. Bronchoscopic local injection combined with cryotherapy was also conducted. OUTCOMES: Bronchoscopy showed that the fistula was closed and healed, mycobacterium culture showed negative results, and thoracic CT showed local compression of the right bronchus, disappearance of stenosis after treatment. LESSONS: (1) This girl had a history of long-term oral intake of antituberculosis drugs, but the treatment effectiveness remained poor. Therefore, resistance to tuberculosis can be considered, and also mycobacterium culture and drug sensitivity tests should be considered. After these, the treatment strategies should be adjusted accordingly.(2) TBTB should be further classified by analyzing under the bronchoscope to decide the best treatment strategy accordingly.


Assuntos
Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Broncopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Fístula/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças da Traqueia/tratamento farmacológico , Tuberculose dos Linfonodos/tratamento farmacológico , Tuberculose Resistente a Múltiplos Medicamentos , Tuberculose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Broncopatias/microbiologia , Broncoscopia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Fístula/microbiologia , Humanos , Tibet , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Doenças da Traqueia/microbiologia
8.
Monaldi Arch Chest Dis ; 89(3)2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31850698

RESUMO

Ulceration in the bronchial mucosa is noted rarely in bronchoscopy. In the past, it was frequently encountered in endobronchial tuberculosis. Deep necrotic bronchial ulcers are seen very rarely in clinical practice. Here we are reporting a first-ever case report of malignant bronchial ulcer presenting as necrotic deep bronchial ulcer, in a 70-year-old male, chronic smoker, who complained of breathlessness for 3 months, cough for 3 months, loss of weight and of appetite for 1 month. Bronchoscopy showed a large necrotic ulcer with dense anthracotic pigmentation which bleeds in touch with forceps. Bronchial washings, brushings, endobronchial biopsy were taken from the ulcer which was suggestive of poorly differentiated bronchogenic carcinoma. TBNA from the mediastinal nodes showed the features of caseous necrosis with granulomatous inflammation. Consequently, with the diagnosis of poorly differentiated carcinoma with pulmonary tuberculosis and COPD, the patient was started on anti-tuberculosis drugs, inhaled bronchodilators and referred to an oncologist for chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Broncopatias/complicações , Carcinoma Broncogênico/complicações , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Tuberculose Pulmonar/complicações , Úlcera/complicações , Idoso , Broncopatias/diagnóstico , Broncopatias/etiologia , Broncoscopia , Carcinoma Broncogênico/diagnóstico , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Masculino , Membrana Mucosa/patologia , Necrose , Tuberculose Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Úlcera/diagnóstico , Úlcera/etiologia
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17798, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689858

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Dieulafoy disease of the bronchus is a rare vascular deformity. To the best of our knowledge, reports of these involving both lung vascular are hitherto absent. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 67-year-old male was admitted to our department due to agnogenic hemoptysis. DIAGNOSES: Bronchoscopy was performed and some smooth, pulsatile nodular lesions were found in the middle and lower lobes, Computed tomography angiography of the bronchial artery confirmed a left bronchial artery arising from the aortic arch at T4 level, and both bronchial arteries were dilated and tortuous. INTERVENTIONS: Bronchial artery embolization was performed successfully. OUTCOMES: The patient was discharged with no hemoptysis. In addition, patient is under follow-up until today without any further incidents. LESSONS: This case reminds us that Dieulafoy disease of the bronchus could be a potential etiology for unexplained hemoptysis. The clinician should be aware of this disease when bronchoscopy revealed multiple some smooth, pulsatile nodular lesions, thereafter, bronchoscope biopsy should be avoided, as it could lead to fatal hemoptysis.


Assuntos
Artérias Brônquicas/anormalidades , Broncopatias/complicações , Hemoptise/etiologia , Malformações Vasculares/complicações , Idoso , Artérias Brônquicas/cirurgia , Broncopatias/patologia , Broncopatias/cirurgia , Broncoscopia/métodos , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Hemoptise/cirurgia , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Malformações Vasculares/patologia , Malformações Vasculares/cirurgia
13.
J Pediatr Surg ; 54(12): 2492-2497, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522797

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congenital tracheobronchial stenosis (CTBS) is a rare congenital condition characterized by complete cartilage rings covering varying lengths of the major airway. In this study, we reviewed the outcomes of patients with CTBS receiving surgical tracheoplasty in our institute. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the outcomes of consecutive patients with CTBS operated between 2006 and 2017 when extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was used perioperatively. RESULTS: In total, 11 patients (median follow-up period, 4.2 years; interquartile range, 1.6-5.4) were included. Seven were symptomatic in the neonatal period, 10 had cardiorespiratory anomalies, 7 required preoperative bronchoscopic balloon dilatation, and 1 required preoperative stent placement. Slide tracheoplasty (STP) was performed in 9 patients, and 2 underwent pericardial patch tracheoplasty. Seven patients required postoperative balloon dilatation, and 6 required postoperative stent placement. Early stenting provided immediate ventilatory improvement in all patients and facilitated successful extubation in a median of 4 days after stenting in 80% of the patients. CONCLUSIONS: Under ECMO, severe CTBS could be successfully treated through a combination of tracheoplasty and bronchoscopic management. STP provided excellent results for solitary trachea stenosis with a minimum diameter of ≥3 mm. In selected patients, postoperative tracheobronchial stent placement was crucial in minimizing the ECMO duration and facilitating extubation. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.


Assuntos
Brônquios/anormalidades , Broncopatias/cirurgia , Constrição Patológica/cirurgia , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Stents , Estenose Traqueal/cirurgia , Brônquios/cirurgia , Pré-Escolar , Dilatação , Feminino , Hemocromatose , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Traqueia/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Pediatr Pulmonol ; 54(12): 1895-1904, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468716

RESUMO

The bridging bronchus is a rare congenital airway anomaly in which the right upper lobe of the lung is supplied by the right main bronchus while the right lower lobe, and often the right middle lobe is supplied by an aberrant bronchus arising from the left main bronchus. The aberrant bronchus crosses (bridges) the lower part of the mediastinum, hence the term bridging bronchus (BB). This potentially life-threatening condition, usually accompanied by diffuse or focal airway stenosis, commonly presents with signs and symptoms related to large airway obstruction, such as respiratory distress, apnea, wheezing, stridor, and recurrent respiratory tract infections. Diagnosis of the BB is often challenging because the associated signs and symptoms mimic those of common conditions such as bacterial and viral bronchiolitis, bronchial asthma, cystic fibrosis, and foreign body aspiration. The BB is also often accompanied by congenital cardiovascular anomalies, including left pulmonary artery sling, atrial, and ventricular septal defects, tetralogy of Fallot, patent ductus arteriosus, and coarctation of the aorta. Patients presenting with the above signs and symptoms who are not responsive to standard treatment modalities, and have accompanying cardiovascular congenital anomalies should, therefore, be investigated for the BB. Herein, we review the anatomy, embryology, clinical presentation, differential diagnosis, imaging techniques and surgical management of the BB.


Assuntos
Brônquios/anormalidades , Broncopatias , Anormalidades do Sistema Respiratório , Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/complicações , Aorta , Coartação Aórtica/complicações , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Humanos , Pulmão , Mediastino , Artéria Pulmonar/anormalidades , Sons Respiratórios , Traqueia
17.
Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol ; 42(10): 1449-1458, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321481

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential benefit of a dedicated cone-beam-CT streak metal artifact removal technique (SMART) in terms of both image quality and diagnostic confidence in patients undergoing bronchial artery embolization. METHODS: A total of 17 patients were included in this retrospective study. The SMART algorithm was applied to images containing streak artifacts generated by a radiopaque intra-arterial catheter tip. Quantitative evaluation of artifact severity was performed via measurement of the Hounsfield units along a closed loop surrounding the catheter tip and was conducted in the frequency domain following the application of the discrete Fourier transform to the measured data. A high proportion of power in the low frequencies of the resulting spectrum indicated a high level of streak artifacts. Qualitative evaluation of diagnostic confidence was performed using a 4-point Likert scale. RESULTS: Both quantitative and qualitative evaluation demonstrated a significant reduction in artifact severity using the SMART algorithm. Quantitative evaluation demonstrated a mean artifact reduction of 22.5% using SMART compared to non-SMART images (p < 0.001). Qualitative evaluation demonstrated the greatest artifact reduction at the inner and outer aortic curvature, as well as immediately surrounding the tip of the catheter. In 6 of 17 cases, the use of the SMART algorithm yielded additional clinical information, increasing mean diagnostic confidence from 3.17 to 3.78 (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The SMART algorithm allows for efficient reduction of metal artifacts introduced by radiopaque catheter tips during cone-beam CT. Using this algorithm, diagnostic images of the aortic arch were significantly improved both quantitatively and qualitatively, yielding clinically relevant levels of enhanced diagnostic confidence. These results demonstrate that the SMART algorithm improves diagnostic and clinical characterization of the course of bronchial arteries on CBCT images, potentially improving the accuracy and clinical efficacy of bronchial artery embolization. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3.


Assuntos
Artefatos , Artérias Brônquicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Broncopatias/terapia , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Algoritmos , Artérias Brônquicas/patologia , Broncopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Broncopatias/patologia , Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Autoimmun Rev ; 18(9): 102353, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323366

RESUMO

Recent studies show that relapsing polychondritis patients with tracheobronchial involvement are distinct from others in terms of clinical characteristics, therapeutic management, and disease evolution. Tracheobronchial involvement affects 20 to 50% of patients and may reveal the disease. It should be sought at the time of diagnosis and at each follow-up visit. Respiratory impairment is confirmed by computed tomography (CT) of the chest, including the cervical portion of the trachea, with end-inspiratory and dynamic expiratory scans, and pulmonary function tests. These investigations should be performed, even in asymptomatic patients, at the time of diagnosis, and repeated as necessary during follow-up. Bronchoscopy and a fortiori endoscopic intervention should be considered with caution and performed only by expert endoscopists after careful evaluation of the risks and benefits of such procedures, which can lead to damage or perforation of the airways and bronchospasm. Early detection and management of tracheobronchial involvement in relapsing polychondritis has significantly improved the prognosis of patients, especially with the development of interventional fiberoptic bronchoscopy. However, relapsing polychondritis-related morbidity and mortality are still elevated, particularly in tracheobronchial disease.


Assuntos
Broncopatias/etiologia , Policondrite Recidivante/complicações , Doenças da Traqueia/etiologia , Broncopatias/diagnóstico , Broncopatias/mortalidade , Broncopatias/terapia , Broncoscopia/métodos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Diagnóstico Precoce , Intervenção Médica Precoce/métodos , Humanos , Policondrite Recidivante/diagnóstico , Policondrite Recidivante/mortalidade , Policondrite Recidivante/terapia , Prognóstico , Sistema Respiratório/fisiopatologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Doenças da Traqueia/diagnóstico , Doenças da Traqueia/mortalidade , Doenças da Traqueia/terapia
19.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(24): 1898-1903, 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269587

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of different drugs on tracheal stenosis caused by transforming growth factor-ß/rapamycin target protein (TGF-ß/mTOR) signaling pathway. Methods: Thirty rabbits were randomly divided into normal control group, normal saline group, penicillin group, budesonide group and erythromycin group. The normal control group was not treated,and tracheal stenosis models were established in the other groups. From the 1st to 10th day after modeling, each group was respectively administered with normal saline (0.75 ml/kg, 2 times/d), intramuscular injection of penicillin (40 000 U/kg, 2 times/d), gastric administration of erythromycin (12.5 mg/kg, 2 times/d), inhalation of budesonide (0.05 mg/kg, 2 times/d). Rabbits were sacrificed on the 11th day after surgery, and tracheal specimens were collected to measure the degree of tracheal stenosis. Relative mRNA expression level of interleukin-6 (IL-6), transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß), Type Ⅰ collagen (COL-1), Type Ⅲ collagen (COL-3), and Sirtuin 1 (SIRT-1) were detected by Real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR); protein expression of mTOR, phosphorylated protein kinase B (p-AKT), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF),SIRT-1 were detected by immunohistochemical analysis; protein expression of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB),phosphorylated nuclear factor κB (p-NF-κB),protein kinase B (AKT),p-AKT,mTOR were detected by Western blotting. Results: The degree of stenosis of normal control group was (14.02±2.86)%, saline group was (64.14±3.21)%, penicillin group was (49.11±2.96)%, budesonide group was (39.52±2.09)%, erythromycin group was (32.60±4.27)%. The differences between any two groups were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Except between erythromycin group and normal control group, the differences in relative expression of IL-6 mRNA between any two groups (1.00±0.00, 9.02±1.50, 4.25±0.87, 2.53±0.17, 1.31±0.56) was statistically significant (all P<0.05), and the differences in relative expression of TGF-ß mRNA among all groups (1.00±0.00, 6.92±0.84, 3.83±0.44, 2.13±0.25, 1.40±0.15) were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The relative expression of SIRT-1 mRNA among all the groups (1.000±0.000, 0.209±0.042, 0.375±0.034, 0.555±0.028, 0.667±0.032) was statistically significant different (all P<0.05); except between erythromycin group and budesonide group,the protein levels of SIRT-1 among all other groups (16.93±2.28, 4.77±1.45, 7.70±0.61, 10.76±1.04, 11.03±1.10) were statistically significant different (all P<0.05). The protein levels of mTOR (9.28±4.56, 58.18±8.12, 44.75±5.56, 32.82±5.99, 24.73±3.56) and p-AKT (16.57±4.86, 61.79±6.66, 42.98±5.99, 32.79±5.34, 24.00±4.40) determined through immunohistochemistry of all groups were statistically significant different (all P<0.05). The protein levels of NF-κB, p-NF-κB, AKT, p-AKT and mTOR determined through Western blotting had the same trend as that of determined through immunohistochemistry. The protein expression of NF-κB,AKT and mTOR in saline group were significantly higher than other groups; those protein expression of erythromycin group was lower than budesonide group and penicillin group. Except between the erythromycin group and the normal control group, the protein expression of mTOR in other groups was statistically significant different (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Penicillin,erythromycin and budesonide can alleviate inflammation by increasing SIRT-1, alleviate tracheal scar hyperplasia induced by TGF-beta/mTOR pathway, and reduce the degree of tracheal stenosis in rabbits.


Assuntos
Constrição Patológica , Animais , Broncopatias , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Coelhos , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
20.
Adv Respir Med ; 87(3): 184-188, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282560

RESUMO

Inhalation injury is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with burns. Presence of airways injury adds to the need of fluid supplementation, increases risk of pulmonary complications. Due to many mechanisms involved in pathophysiology the treatment is complex. Among them the formation of fibrin casts inside airways constitutes a prominent element. The material residing in tracheobronchial tree causes ventilation-perfusion mismatch, complicates mechanical ventilation, provides a medium for bacterial growth. Many studies of animal models and single centre human studies investigated inhaled anticoagulation regimens employing heparin in management of inhalation injury. Simultaneously safety, especially in connection with possible bleeding risk, was the subject of research. The results suggest positive impact on treatment results, with low risk of side effects. This paper revise the available clinical data on inhaled heparin use in patients with burns.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Heparina/administração & dosagem , Lesão por Inalação de Fumaça/tratamento farmacológico , Broncopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Broncopatias/etiologia , Humanos , Lesão por Inalação de Fumaça/complicações , Doenças da Traqueia/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças da Traqueia/etiologia
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