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1.
Ann Ital Chir ; 91: 273-276, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877380

RESUMO

CASE REPORT: A 64-year-old woman presented to our emergency department during the outbreak of the covid-19 emergency in Italy with syncope, anosmia, mild dyspnoea and atypical chest and dorsal pain. A chest CT scan showed an acute type B aortic dissection (ATBAD) and bilateral lung involvement with ground-glass opacity, compatible with interstitial pneumonia. Nasopharyngeal swabs resulted positive for SARS-CoV-2. For the persistence of chest pain, despite the analgesic therapy, we decided to treat her with a TEVAR. Patient's chest and back pain resolved during the first few days after the procedure. No surgical or respiratory complications occurred and the patient was discharged 14 days after surgery. DISCUSSION: By performing the operation under local anesthesia, it was possible to limit both the staff inside the operatory room and droplet/aerosol release. Since we had to perform the operation in a hemodynamics room, thanks to the limited extension of the endoprosthesis and the good caliber of the right vertebral artery we were able to reduce the risk of spinal cord ischemia despite the lack of a revascularization of the left subclavian artery. CONCLUSIONS: A minimally invasive total endovascular approach allows, through local anesthesia and percutaneous access, to avoid surgical cut down and orotracheal intubation. This, combined with a defined management protocol for infected patients, seems to be a reasonable way to perform endovascular aortic procedures in urgent setting, even in a SARSCoV- 2 positive patient. KEY WORDS: COVID-19, Dissection, TEVAR.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Anestesia Local , Aneurisma Dissecante/complicações , Antibioticoprofilaxia , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/complicações , Contraindicações de Procedimentos , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Darunavir/uso terapêutico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Quimioterapia Combinada , Enoxaparina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Complicações Intraoperatórias/prevenção & controle , Intubação Intratraqueal/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nasofaringe/virologia , Salas Cirúrgicas , Isolamento de Pacientes , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Ritonavir/uso terapêutico , Isquemia do Cordão Espinal/prevenção & controle , Artéria Vertebral/cirurgia
2.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(33): 2612-2617, 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892608

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the factors related to recanalization of intramural hematoma-type carotid artery dissection (CAD). Methods: Retrospective analysis was performed on 56 patients (61 CADs) with intramural-hematoma type CAD confirmed by multimodal imaging examination based on cervical vascular ultrasound (CDU) in the Stroke Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Suzhou University from August 2015 to May 2019. The clinical and imaging data were collected, and the time from onset to visit is bounded by 14 days. CDU follow-up was performed at 3, 6, and 12 months after the onset. According to the results of the 12-month follow-up, patients were divided into complete recanalization group and incomplete recanalization group. The clinical data, ultrasonic manifestations and drug treatment of patients between the two groups were compared. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the related factors affecting vascular recanalization. Results: Vascular recanalization: the rates of complete recanalization at 3, 6 and 12 months were 42.6% (26/61), 55.7% (34/61) and 59.0% (36/61), respectively. While among the 25 vessels in the incomplete recanalization group, 26.2% (16/61) showed residual stenosis and 14.8% (9/61) showed persistent occlusion. Comparison between the complete recanalization group and the incomplete recanalization group: the differences in the proportion of time from onset to visit ≤ 14 days, the echo type of intramural hematoma, and the proportion of vascular occlusion were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the time from onset to visit ≤14 days (OR=5.625, 95%CI: 1.302-24.293, P=0.021), and the hypoechoic intramural hematoma (OR=4.888, 95%CI: 1.304-18.320, P=0.019) were positively correlated with complete recanalization, while the dissection vascular occlusion (OR=0.234, 95%CI: 0.059-0.932, P=0.039) was negatively correlated with complete recanalization. Conclusions: CDU showed that hypoechoic intramural hematoma-type CAD treated with standard medications in the acute phase had a higher complete recanalization rate, while the recanalization rate of patients with dissecting vessel occlusion decreased. Early evaluation can provide a basis for clinical individualized treatment.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Estenose das Carótidas , Artérias Carótidas , Hematoma , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(9): 643-649, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879266

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We examined the spring back force (SBF) in the frozen elephant trunk technique between patients receiving a Matsui-Kitamura stent (M group) or a J Graft Open Stent Graft (J group). METHODS: There were 11 cases in the M group and 10 cases in the J group. For all cases, we performed computed tomography( CT) scan and measured distal arch angle( DAA) and stent graft angle (SGA). RESULTS: There was no difference between groups with regards to patient characteristics. The insertion graft length[155±19 mm (M group) versus 138±17 mm (J group)]was significantly longer in the M group( p<0.05). In the J group, the SGA at 1 and 2 years postoperatively( 105°±18.5° and 114°±19.1°, respectively) were significantly increased compared to that at 1 month postoperatively (99.9°± 18.7°). In addition, the SGA in the J group was significantly larger than that in the M group during the postoperative period. CONCLUSIONS: The SBF in the J group was thought to be significantly larger than that in the M group. SBF was thought to be associated with the stent frame characteristic.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Antivirais , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Hepatite C Crônica , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Prótese Vascular , Humanos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(9): 686-689, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879273

RESUMO

We experienced a surgical case of Stanford type A acute aortic dissection with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) associated with ectopic kidney. Computerized tomography did not detect any ulcer-like projections, but 3 days later, it appeared, and emergency surgery was performed. Second-stage surgery was selected and done later to repair AAA. The right kidney was an ectopic pelvic kidney. The renal arteries had branched off from the left common iliac artery, and the renal artery lumen narrowed. With a 4 Fr catheter, cold Ringer's solution was given to protect the kidneys during surgery. The patient showed no deterioration of kidney function and made good progress. After rehabilitation, the patient had no complications and was discharged from the hospital.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Nefropatias , Aorta Abdominal , Humanos , Rim , Artéria Renal/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(8): 563-571, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879281

RESUMO

The fundamental treatment of Stanford type A acute aortic dissection is a lifesaving emergency surgery in our hospital. We perform hemiarch replacement with a focus on entry tear, but an extended surgery is also performed only when resection of the entry tear is difficult. The outcomes of current therapeutic policy, along with the short-term and the long-term outcomes of different sites of entry tear, were examined retrospectively. Three hundred and twenty surgery of Stanford type A acute aortic dissection were performed between 1991 and 2015 at our hospital. Their short-term and long-term outcomes were examined after dividing them into 7 groups according to their entry sites. We also investigated surgical methods and effects of presence/absence of residual entry tear. As a result, overall hospital mortality was 13.1%. There was no significant difference in either shortterm or long-term outcome among the groups. Likewise, no significant difference was observed in the surgical methods or the presence/absence of residual entry tear. Recently, minimally invasive procedures, such as stent-grafting, have been applied to manage the residual entry tear. Therefore, an aggressive extended surgery is no longer inevitable and our current therapeutic policy is considered reasonable.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Doença Aguda , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(8): 599-601, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879288

RESUMO

A 54-year-old male presented with severe aortic regurgitation. Physical examination showed severely infected lower leg ulcers(LLU). Giant aortic aneurysm( 110 mm) with Stanford type A aortic dissection was revealed by computed tomography. We treated his infected legs first and on the 22nd day he underwent modified Bentall operation. Postoperative course was uneventful and he moved to other hospital for skin grafting of the lower extremities. Pathological study showed no specific change in the aorta.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Aneurisma Aórtico , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica , Úlcera da Perna , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
7.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(8): 602-605, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879289

RESUMO

We report a case of a 48-year-old man with polycystic kidney disease (PKD), who was emergently transported to our institution by ambulance because of thoracic aortic rupture of Stanford type B acute aortic dissection. PKD is a congenital disease associated with hypertension( 60%) and cerebrovascular disease (20%). Few reports have described sudden death due to the rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm and acute aortic dissection. In this case, emergency hemi-arch replacement was performed successfully. His postoperative course was uneventful, and he was discharged on the 15th postoperative day.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Ruptura Aórtica , Doenças Renais Policísticas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
8.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 49(3): 383-388, 2020 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32762159

RESUMO

ObjectiveTo access the efficacy of stents for spontaneous isolated dissection of the superior mesenteric artery (SIDSMA). MethodThe study is a prospective single-arm study which has been registered on Clinical Trials (NCT03916965). Clinical data and follow-up information of the SIDSMA patients who received stent implantation in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University during April 1, 2019 and September 30, 2019 were collected. The patients were recommended to be followed up at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months. ResultsA total of 34 patients were enrolled. Their mean age was (54±8) years. Abdominal pain was the most common symptom. Patients received (2.1±0.6) stents on the average. Post-operation hospital stay was (2.7±1.6) days, and the patients were followed up for (2.3±1.9) months (CT angiography) and (5.5±1.7) months (clinical visit/phone call). There was no recurrence of abdominal pain. The CT angiography showed complete remodeling and incomplete remodeling took place in 23 and 9 patients (69.7% and 27.3%), respectively. Two patients (6.1%) had mild in-stent stenosis. No stent rupture or migration was reported. ConclusionThis study demonstrated a satisfactory short-term result of stents implantation for SIDSMA, which indicated the endovascular treatment could be the first-line therapy for SIDSMA.


Assuntos
Artéria Mesentérica Superior , Aneurisma Dissecante , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(8): 604-607, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727191

RESUMO

Aortic dissection is a life-threatening cardiovascular disease. Multi-center registration databases for aortic dissection have been established in many countries. The International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection has produced a number of research results, which had a significant impact on the diagnosis and treatment of aortic dissection worldwide. The Society for Thoracic Surgeons Adult Cardiac Surgery Database summarizes perioperative data on aortic dissection. German Registry for Acute Aortic Dissection Type A has made remarkable achievements in the neurological protection and organ perfusion of type A aortic dissection. The Nordic Consortium for Acute Type A Aortic Dissection provides guidelines for perioperative administration of aortic dissection. However, the first Registry of Aortic Dissection in China (Sino-RAD) has not reported any new aortic dissection data in the past five years, although it has proposed a number of pathogenic characteristics of Chinese people. Therefore, it is necessary to establish our own aortic dissection database.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Aneurisma Aórtico , Sistema de Registros , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma Dissecante/terapia , Aneurisma Aórtico/diagnóstico , Aneurisma Aórtico/cirurgia , Aneurisma Aórtico/terapia , Humanos
12.
Magy Seb ; 73(2): 61-68, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609633

RESUMO

Incidence of anomalies of the aortic arch is estimated 1-2 per cent in newborn babies. Lusory artery may arise either from left sided aortic arch in 0.7-2 per cent, or from right sided aortic arch in 0.4 per cent. Leading symptoms develop from compression of the oesophagus or trachea, or both. If lusory artery dilates conically over the time reaching 3 cm or more we call it Kommerell diverticulum. Very rare complications of this are the Type B aortic dissection, which may turn into chronic thoracoabdominal aneurysm, or its shaggy inner surface can be the source of upper extremity embolism. Rupture is extremely rare complication. In our report we focus on five cases of the mentioned complications with their clinical workups and technical solutions. In a female patient with right sided arch transection of the lusory artery was followed by transposition into the right common carotid artery. The central stump 10 years later gradually expanded and the saccular aneurysm indicated intervention. After complete arch debranching thoracic endograft was implanted. In this group of patients with variable surgical and hybrid procedures neither complication nor mortality occurred.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Anormalidades Cardiovasculares/cirurgia , Divertículo/cirurgia , Artéria Subclávia/anormalidades , Aorta Torácica/anormalidades , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Anormalidades Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Pré-Escolar , Divertículo/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Reimplante , Artéria Subclávia/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Subclávia/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 42(3): 319-326, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32616126

RESUMO

Objective To evaluate the early and mid-term results after surgical repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm(TAAA)in patients with DeBakey typeⅠor Ⅲ aortic dissection. Methods The clinical data of 130 patients who underwent TAAA repair for chronic DeBakey typeⅠ(groupⅠ, n=47)or type Ⅲ(group Ⅲ, n=83)aortic dissections in our center between January 2009 and December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.Early postoperative results,midterm survival,and re-interventions were compared between these two groups. Results The 30-day mortality rate was 6.9%(n=9)in the overall cohort,with no statistic difference between groupⅠand group Ⅲ(10.6% vs. 4.8%;χ2=0.803, P=0.370).The incidence of major adverse events(38.3% vs. 51.8%;χ2=2.199, P=0.138),5-year actuarial survival rate [(81.7±5.9)% vs.(87.2±4.2)%;χ2=0.483, P=0.487],and 5-year actuarial freedom from all reinterventions [(84.5±6.7)% vs.(85.5±4.8)%;χ2=0.010, P=0.920] showed no significant differences between these two groups. Conclusions The early and mid-term outcomes after surgical repair of TAAA are similar for DeBakey typeⅠ and type Ⅲ patients.However,studies with larger sample sizes are still required.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Card Surg ; 35(8): 1840-1847, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643831

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Porcine aortic roots (PAR) have been reported in the literature with acceptable short- and long-term outcomes for the treatment of aortic root aneurysms. However, their efficacy in type A aortic dissection (TAAD) is yet to be defined. METHODS: Using data from a locally collated aortic dissection registry, we compared the outcomes in patients undergoing aortic root replacement for TAAD using either of two surgical options: (a) PAR or (b) composite valve grafts (CVG). A retrospective analysis was conducted for all procedures in the period from 2005 to 2018. RESULTS: A total of 252 patients underwent procedures for TAAD in the time period. Sixty-five patients had aortic root replacements (PAR n = 30, CVG n = 35). Between-group comparisons identified a younger CVG group (50.5 vs 64.5, P < .05) although all other covariates were comparable. Operative parameters were comparable between the two groups. The use of PAR did not significantly impact operative mortality (odds ratio [OR], 0.93; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.22-3.61; P = .992), stroke (OR, 2.91, 0.25-34.09, P = .395), reoperation (OR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.22-3.62; P = .882) or length of stay (coeff 2.33, -8.23 to 12.90; P = .659) compared to CVG. Five-year survival was similar between both groups (PAR 59% vs CVG 69%; P = .153) and reoperation was negligible. Echocardiography revealed significantly lower aortic valve gradients in the PAR group (8.69 vs 15.45mm Hg; P < .0001), and smaller left ventricular dimensions both at 6-week and 1-year follow-up (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the comparable short- and midterm outcomes of PAR in cases of TAAD, in comparison to established therapy.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Animais , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Suínos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Am Surg ; 86(5): 415-421, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32684042

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We sought risk factors for replacement of the aortic valve with or without the root (AVR/root) in the setting of acute type A aortic dissection (ATAD) repair. METHODS: All ATAD repairs at our institution from January 2005 to June 2018 were reviewed. Baseline characteristics were recorded. For patients with aortic valve preservation we documented the degree of aortic insufficiency (AI) postoperatively and on subsequent echocardiograms when available. Logistic regression was used to determine the association between preoperative characteristics and the odds ratio of AVR/root. RESULTS: A total of 206 patients underwent repair of ATAD. Thirty-four were excluded for no documented AI grading. Forty-six underwent AVR/root during repair of the ATAD (including 40 root replacements). Of 126 that did not undergo AVR/root, 42 (33.33%) had follow-up echocardiograms at a median of 68 months postoperatively and 2 required reintervention for valve insufficiency. Increase in degree of AI, bicuspid valve morphology, size of the aortic root, and connective tissue disorder were significantly associated with increased risk of AVR/root. Of 130 patients without connective tissue disorder, bicuspid aortic valve, aortic root aneurysm, or intimal root tear, the rate of valve preservation was 65/65 (100%), 25/29 (86.2%), and 22/40 (55%) for those presenting with mild, moderate, and severe AI, respectively. DISCUSSION: Degree of preoperative AI, bicuspid valve morphology, size of the aortic root, and connective tissue disorder significantly correlate with failure of aortic valve preservation in patients with ATAD. The vast majority of tricuspid valves in patients without connective tissue disorder or aortic root pathology can be salvaged.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/classificação , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
17.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(2): 194-200, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32571654

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There is controversy about the role of pre-emptive thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in uncomplicated type B aortic dissection (TBAD). The aim was to understand expert opinions and the factors influencing decision making. METHODS: In 2018, surgeons from Australia/New Zealand (ANZ) and Europe (EUR) were contacted to participate in an online survey which comprised questions about preferences for pre-emptive TEVAR, followed by five case scenarios, and two ranking questions for anatomical and technical risk factors respectively. Case 1 was designed to favour TEVAR in a hypertensive patient with partial false lumen thrombosis and large diameter (aortic ≥ 40 mm, false lumen ≥ 22 mm). Case 2 had no risk factors mandating TEVAR, according to current evidence. Cases 3, 4, and 5 were designed to test one risk factor respectively, large entry tear on the inner aortic curvature (≥10 mm), partial false lumen thrombosis, and large diameter alone. RESULTS: There were 75 responses, 42 from EUR and 33 from ANZ. Almost half of surgeons (49.3%) endorsed pre-emptive TEVAR with 82.3% preferring to perform TEVAR in the subacute phase. In Case 1 and 5, 58.3% and 52.8% of surgeons respectively chose TEVAR, the highest rates obtained in the survey. Cases 1 and 5 included large diameters ≥40 mm, which were ranked the highest in importance when surgeons considered anatomical risk factors. Surgeons who recommend pre-emptive TEVAR were more likely to choose TEVAR in both Case 1 (83.3% vs. 33.3%, p < .001, 95% CI 27.6%-65.8%) and Case 5 (69.4% vs. 38.2%, p = .008, 95% CI 8.2%-50.0%). CONCLUSION: In this survey about uncomplicated TBAD, about half of surgeons recommended pre-emptive TEVAR in selected cases. The surgeon's predisposition towards intervention and large diameters appear to be the most influential factors in decision making. These findings underline the uncertainty in today's practice and emphasise the need for better predictive tools.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Padrões de Prática Médica , Cirurgiões , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Austrália , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Europa (Continente) , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Nível de Saúde , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Nova Zelândia , Seleção de Pacientes , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Semin Vasc Surg ; 32(3-4): 111-116, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32553123

RESUMO

We conducted an analysis to assess early and mid-term outcomes of patients after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for type B thoracic aorta dissection, descending thoracic aneurysm, or traumatic aortic transection. From January 2016 through December 2018, twenty-seven patients (23 male, 4 female, mean age of 57 years) affected by type B dissection (n = 13 [48.2%]), thoracic aneurysm (n = 9 [33.3%]), and post-traumatic aortic isthmus rupture (n = 5 [18.5%]) were treated using TEVAR with and without left subclavian artery revascularization. All procedures were performed in a hybrid operating room using general (n = 12) or regional (n = 15) anesthesia. A combined brachial artery and bilateral femoral artery access was used in all patients. To achieve adequate proximal thoracic aorta landing zone length, coverage of the left subclavian artery with proximal endovascular plug occlusion was performed in 17 patients (62.9%); including 4 patients undergoing carotid-subclavian artery bypass before TEVAR stent-graft deployment. Primary procedural success rate was 96.3%; 1 patient had a Type Ib endoleak that was treated by distal stent graft extension. Four adverse outcomes occurred in the immediate postoperative period, including 2 cases of left upper arm acute ischemia (7.4%), ischemic stroke (3.7%), and asymptomatic iliac artery dissection (3.7%). During a mean follow-up of 18 months, no graft-related deaths or endoleak occurred. One patient developed symptomatic subclavian steal syndrome 1 month after operation and underwent a left carotid-subclavian artery bypass with symptom resolution. One patient died 6 months after TEVAR due to neoplasm. Our experience indicates TEVAR is a safe and less invasive alternative to open surgery for a spectrum of thoracic aorta diseases, especially for urgent conditions and in patients with high-risk surgical comorbidities.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/lesões , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Bases de Dados Factuais , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
19.
Life Sci ; 256: 117882, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32497633

RESUMO

AIMS: Angiotensin II (Ang II) induces aortic dissection (AD) via regulation of pathological changes in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). However, the molecular mechanisms involved are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential role of the proto-oncogene non-receptor cellular Abelson tyrosine kinase (c-Abl) in Ang II-induced VSMC phenotypic transformation and apoptosis. MAIN METHODS: Lentiviral transfection and short hairpin RNA (shRNA) were used to enhance or inhibit c-Abl in cultured VSMCs. In addition, C57BL/6 and Abl1 gene knockout heterozygous (c-Abl-/+) mice were infused with Ang II, with or without c-Abl inhibitor (STI571) treatment. The incidence of AD was evaluated in vivo, while the molecular and pathological features of VSMC phenotypic transformation and apoptosis were evaluated in vitro and in vivo. KEY FINDINGS: Ang II infusion induced a substantial incidence of AD in vivo (27%; 8/30), while STI571 intragastric gavage or Abl1 knockout reduced the incidence of AD to 13% (4/30) and 7% (2/30), respectively. The results of subsequent studies showed that c-Abl overexpression enhanced the Ang II-induced apoptosis and synthetic phenotypic transformation of VSMCs in vitro, while inhibition of c-Abl activity with STI571 or Abl1 gene knockout significantly attenuated the Ang II-induced apoptosis and synthetic phenotypic transformation of VSMCs both in vivo and in vitro. SIGNIFICANCE: Activation of c-Abl may be important for the phenotypic transformation and apoptosis of VSMCs underlying the Ang II-induced AD. Targeted inhibition of c-Abl may prevent Ang II-induced AD via attenuation of the pathological changes of VSMCs.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/patologia , Apoptose/genética , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-abl/genética , Aneurisma Dissecante/genética , Angiotensina II/toxicidade , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Músculo Liso Vascular/citologia , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Fenótipo
20.
Surgery ; 168(1): 185-192, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32507629

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute type A aortic dissection is a cardiovascular emergency requiring operative intervention. Despite advancements in operative technique and increased specialization of cardiovascular care, operative mortality, and morbidity after repair of type A aortic dissection remain high. Our aim was to assess national trends in outcomes of type A aortic dissection repair and the impact of institutional thoracic aortic repair volume on clinical outcomes and resource use in the United States. METHODS: Using the procedural and diagnostic codes of the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, we identified type A aortic dissection repairs from the 2005 to 2014 database of the National Inpatient Sample. Hospitals were classified into low-, medium- and high-volume tertiles based on annual incidence of thoracic aortic operations. Patient demographics and hospital characteristics, as well as outcomes including mortality, cost, and duration of stay, were evaluated using parametric tests for trends and the volume-outcome relationship. We used a multivariable-adjusted logistic regression model to identify factors associated with mortality. RESULTS: An estimated 25,231 patients received type A aortic dissection repair with an increasing temporal trend in volume and concomitant decrease in mortality. When stratified by hospital volume, 10,115 (40.1%), 8,194 (32.4%), and 6,920 (27.4%) underwent type A aortic dissection at low-volume, medium-volume, and high-volume, respectively. The unadjusted mortality rate in high-volume was the least (21.5% vs 16.8% vs 11.6% for low-volume, medium-volume, and high-volume, respectively; P < .001). Multivariable analysis revealed older age, lesser household incomes and comorbidities, including congestive heart failure (adjusted odds ratio 1.44; P < .001) and coagulopathy (adjusted odds ratio 1.33; P = .01) as statistically significant predictors of mortality; however, the risk-adjusted duration of stay (adjusted odds ratio 0.88; P = .06) was not different between low-volume and high-volume hospitals. After adjusting for patient and hospital characteristics, type A aortic dissection repair at low-volume hospitals was associated with increased likelihood of mortality compared with high-volume hospitals (adjusted odds ratio 2.10; P < .001). Patients undergoing type A aortic dissection repair at low-volume hospitals had increased odds of all complications including stroke, and respiratory complications compared than those at high-volume hospitals (P = .02, P < .001, and P < .001, respectively). CONCLUSION: The volume of open surgical repair for type A aortic dissection in the United States has increased over the past decade, while mortality has decreased. Hospital aortic operative volume is strongly associated with outcomes for type A aortic dissection repair. Protocols for expeditious transfer of patients to high volume aortic centers may serve to further decrease the acute mortality and complications of this procedure.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma Aórtico/cirurgia , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/complicações , Aneurisma Dissecante/mortalidade , Aneurisma Dissecante/patologia , Aorta/patologia , Aneurisma Aórtico/complicações , Aneurisma Aórtico/mortalidade , Aneurisma Aórtico/patologia , Feminino , Hospitais com Alto Volume de Atendimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais com Baixo Volume de Atendimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
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