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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771337

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychological suffering by health professionals may be associated with the uncertainty of a safe workplace. Front-line professionals exposed and involved in the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 patients are more susceptible. METHOD: This review was conducted based on papers that were published at MEDLINE, BMJ, PsycINFO, and LILACS, the according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes (PRISMA). RESULTS: Health professionals had a higher level of anxiety (13.0 vs. 8.5%, p < 0.01, OR = 1.6152; 95%CI 1.3283 to 1.9641; p < 0.0001) and depression 12.2 vs. 9.5%; p = 0.04; OR = 1.3246; 95%CI 1.0930 to 1.6053; p = 0.0042), besides somatizations and insomnia compared to professionals from other areas. CONCLUSION: Health professionals, regardless of their age, showed significant levels of mental disorders. We observed a prevalence of anxiety and depression. Insomnia was a risk factor for both.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estresse Psicológico
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32777327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health professionals are key personnel to containing infectious diseases like COVID-19. In the face of long work shifts (that reach 16 h per day on average), the risk of getting infected by a high-infectious disease and the lack of enough biological protection measures, mental suffering among health professionals suddenly became evident. METHOD: We carried out an updated meta-analysis to investigate the psychiatric impacts on health professionals in the face of the physical and psychological conditions to which they are subjected due to the high demands of the COVID-19 pandemic. Papers were researched in four databases from December 2019 to April 2020. In total, eight papers were included in the study. RESULTS: Health professionals working to fight COVID-19 are being more severely affected by psychiatric disorders associated with depression, anxiety, distress and insomnia, stress, and indirect traumatization than other occupational groups. No significant differences were observed in the publication bias. CONCLUSION: There is a strong association between health professionals and COVID-19 in terms of psychiatric repercussions. Our meta-analysis showed that health professionals have a higher level of indirect traumatization, in which the level of damage exceeds psychological and emotional tolerance and indirectly results in psychological abnormalities. The incidence of obsessive-compulsive traces and somatizations was higher in situations involving front-line professionals.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Angústia Psicológica , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/etiologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia
3.
J Occup Environ Med ; 62(9): 692-699, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890206

RESUMO

: COVID-19 illness can cause multiorgan illness. Some States have passed legislation granting a rebuttable presumption of causation by workplace exposure in certain occupations. This paper summarizes methodology for evaluating claimants utilizing known science and as well as information from the American Medical Association Guides resources.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/economia , Doenças Profissionais/economia , Exposição Ocupacional , Pandemias/economia , Pneumonia Viral/economia , Indenização aos Trabalhadores/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/etiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Humanos , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/etiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Estados Unidos
4.
J Bras Nefrol ; 42(2 suppl 1): 9-11, 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877491

RESUMO

These recommendations were created after the publication of informative note 3/2020- CGGAP/DESF/SAPS/MS, of April 4, 2020, in which the Brazilian Ministry of Health recommended the use of a cloth mask by the population, in public places. Taking into account the necessary prioritization of the provision of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for patients with suspected or confirmed disease, as well as for healthcare professionals, the SBN is favorable concerning the wear of cloth masks by chronic kidney patients in dialysis, in public settings, except in the dialysis setting. The present recommendations have eleven items, related to this rationale, the procedures, indications, contraindications, as well as appropriate fabrics for the mask, and hygiene care to be adopted. These recommendations may change, at any time, in the light of new evidence.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Máscaras/normas , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/normas , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Diálise Renal , Têxteis , Brasil , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Nefrologia/normas , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Roupa de Proteção/normas , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Sociedades Médicas , Unidade Hospitalar de Urologia/normas
5.
J Bras Nefrol ; 42(2 suppl 1): 22-31, 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877495

RESUMO

We produced this document to bring pertinent information to the practice of nephrology, as regards to the renal involvement with COVID-19, the management of acute kidney injury cases, and practical guidance on the provision of dialysis support.As information on COVID-19 evolves at a pace never before seen in medical science, these recommendations, although based on recent scientific evidence, refer to the present moment. The guidelines may be updated when published data and other relevant information become available.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/terapia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Terapia de Substituição Renal/normas , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular/normas , Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/etiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Cuidados Críticos , Humanos , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Nefrologia/normas , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Terapia de Substituição Renal/métodos , Respiração Artificial/efeitos adversos , Sociedades Médicas
6.
J Bras Nefrol ; 42(2 suppl 1): 32-35, 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877496

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The impact of the new coronavirus (SARS-COV-2) and its worldwide clinical manifestations (COVID-19) imposed specific regional recommendations for populations in need of specialized care, such as children and adolescents with kidney diseases, particularly in renal replacement therapies (RRT). We present the recommendations of the Brazilian Society of Nephrology regarding the treatment of pediatric patients with kidney diseases during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Articles and documents from medical societies and government agencies on specific recommendations for children on RRT in relation to COVID-19 as well as those focused on epidemiological aspects of this condition in Brazil Were evaluated and analyzed. RESULTS: We present recommendations on outpatient care, transportation to dialysis centers, peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis, and kidney transplantation in children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. DISCUSSION: Despite initial observations of higher mortality rates in specific age groups (the elderly) and with comorbidities (obese, diabetics, and those with cardiovascular diseases), patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on RRT are particularly prone to develop COVID-19. Specific measures must be taken to reduce the risk of contracting SARS-CoV-2 and developing COVID-19, especially during transport to dialysis facilities, as well as on arrival and in contact with other patients.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Nefropatias/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Terapia de Substituição Renal/normas , Adolescente , Assistência Ambulatorial , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Humanos , Higiene/normas , Transplante de Rim , Máscaras , Nefrologia/normas , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Isolamento de Pacientes , Pediatria , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Terapia de Substituição Renal/métodos , Sociedades Médicas , Avaliação de Sintomas , Transporte de Pacientes
7.
Med Lav ; 111(4): 249-268, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869763

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Criteria for diagnosis and compensation of occupational musculoskeletal diseases varies widely between countries as demonstrated by the large differences between countries with comparable economics and social systems (for example, within the European Union). Several countries have a list of occupational diseases and sometimes these lists include diagnostic and attribution criteria, but these criteria are usually not very specific, and they may also be very different. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to explicitly define what are the information needed for an evidence-based diagnosis and attribution of an occupational musculoskeletal disease. METHODS: Based on the general framework of evidence-based medicine, a review is presented of the information required to define: - when a musculoskeletal disease is present, according to the best available techniques; - how to define a relevant exposure to biomechanical risk factors, according to the best available techniques. RESULTS: Criteria are presented to combine information regarding the diagnosis of a musculoskeletal disease and exposure to biomechanical risk factors for an evidence-based attribution of the disease to the occupational exposure. The criteria use a probabilistic model that combine epidemiologic and medical findings, workplace exposure assessment, and non-occupational factors evaluation. DISCUSSION: The use of the proposed criteria may improve the process of diagnosis and attribution of an occupational musculoskeletal disease. In addition, it makes possible to associate a probability rank to the attribution and, ultimately, it may improve the overall quality of the decisional process of the occupational physician.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Doenças Profissionais , Exposição Ocupacional , Humanos , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/diagnóstico , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/diagnóstico , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Local de Trabalho
8.
Med Probl Perform Art ; 35(3): 153-161, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32870967

RESUMO

AIMS: Playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs) are a significant health concern for percussionists. Although many of the known risk factors for PRMDs likely apply to all percussion subgroups (e.g., weekly practice hours, warm-ups/cool-downs, etc.), the rates and injury patterns in drummers (herein defined as 'percussionists who play the drum set') may differ due to differences in physical demands from those of other percussion subgroups. The goal of this study was to determine the drummer-specific rates and patterns of PRMDs. METHODS: An electronic survey including questions on respondent demographics, history and patterns of PRMDs, and potential drummer-specific risk factors for reporting PRMDs was distributed via social media using a snowball sampling technique. The target population included individuals aged 18 years or older who exclusively played the drum set (minimum 5 hrs/wk). The rates of PRMDs were analyzed by body region (e.g., upper/lower limb, etc.) and by location within body regions (e.g., shoulder, knee joint, etc.). RESULTS: The lifetime history of PRMDs in the study sample (n=831) was 68%, and 23% reported currently experiencing a PRMD. Most respondents reported multiple PRMDs (59%). The upper limb was the most commonly-affected body region (59%). The wrist joint (25%) and low back (24%) were the most commonly affected locations within body regions. CONCLUSIONS: Drummers' reporting of multiple PRMDs is consistent with previous findings in percussionists, but differences in the lifetime histories and patterns of injury supports the notion that risk factors may differ between percussion subgroups. Analysis of survey responses pertaining to drummer-specific risk factors is currently underway.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Música , Doenças Profissionais , Adolescente , Adulto , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
9.
Med Probl Perform Art ; 35(3): 162-166, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32870968

RESUMO

AIMS: Among musicians, string players have the highest prevalence for musculoskeletal overuse. Playing a violin or viola requires rapid, repetitive, and complicated movements of the hands and fingers. This cross-sectional study aimed to examine whether violin/viola, violin/cello, and violin/French horn players experience more intense musculoskeletal pain than other instrumentalists. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 590 orchestra musicians (354 male, 236 female, mean age 36 yrs). Self-administered questionnaires were used to assess pain of the back, neck, shoulder, face, jaw, and upper extremity. Pain intensity during the last 7 days was measured by an 11-point numeric rating scale (NRS) with a score from 0 to 10, as well as was disadvantage at work and leisure. RESULTS: Of the interviewed musicians, 20% presented playing-related musculoskeletal disorders at the time of the interview. Compared to other professional orchestra musicians, violin and viola players reported significantly more intense pain in the hand during the last week. Also, they had experienced more frequent neck pain ever and in 5 years than the others. During the past 30 days, violin and viola players had also perceived more harm in their upper limb joints. Violin/cello and violin/French horn players did not differ from the others. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that musicians playing the violin or viola have more intense hand pain and more frequent neck pain than other musicians, but these seem to disturb their daily tasks only a little.


Assuntos
Dor Musculoesquelética , Música , Cervicalgia , Doenças Profissionais , Adulto , Braço , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
11.
Med Probl Perform Art ; 35(3): 167-179, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886734

RESUMO

AIMS: Classical guitarists may experience unique occupational health problems due to a constellation of biopsychosocial demands associated with the physical characteristics of the classical guitar, performance techniques, repertoire, and performance practices consistent with the classical music genre. Unfortunately, epidemiologic studies of classical guitarists are limited. The purpose of this study was to examine musculoskeletal and non-musculoskeletal problems in classical guitarists. METHODS: A sample of 190 classical guitarists completed a web-based survey. The survey assessed demographics, music-related variables, musician identity, non-musculoskeletal problems, and site-specific pain. Novel interactive body and hand maps were deployed to assess site-specific frequency, intensity, influence on playing, and quality of pain. RESULTS: A total of 168 subjects (88.9%) reported experiencing classical guitar-related pain in the past year at one or more musculoskeletal sites. The left thenar (25%) was the most prevalent pain site. Pain at the right upper back was reported to influence performance the most. Classical guitarists reported problems with non-musculoskeletal problems at rates similar or higher to other instrument-specific groups. CONCLUSION: Classical guitarists are an understudied group of musicians who experience occupational health problems. The novel assessment protocols developed for this study produced outcomes that may be helpful to both clinicians and pedagogues.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Música , Doenças Profissionais , Saúde do Trabalhador , Humanos , Dor , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Trials ; 21(1): 754, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867852

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of the combination of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) and standard personal protective equipment (PPE) compared to the use of standard personal protective equipment alone on the proportion of laboratory confirmed COVID-19 infections among frontline healthcare workers(HCWs) in India TRIAL DESIGN: HOPE is an investigator initiated multi-centre open-label parallel group randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: All HCWs currently working in an environment with direct exposure to patients with confirmed COVID-19 infection are eligible to participate in the trial. The trial aims to be conducted across 20-30 centres (public and private hospitals) in India. HCWs who decline consent, who have a confirmed COVID-19 infection, those who are already on chloroquine/HCQ for any indication, or if pregnant or breast-feeding, or have known QT prolongation or are on medications that when taken with HCQ can prolong the QTc will be excluded. INTERVENTION AND COMPARATOR: The interventions to be compared in this trial are standard practice (use of recommended PPE) and HCQ plus standard practice. In the standard practice arm, HCWs will use recommended PPE as per institutional guidelines and based on their roles. They will be discouraged from taking HCQ to prevent contamination and contacted every week for the duration of the study to ascertain if they have taken any HCQ. Any such use will be reported as a protocol violation. In the intervention arm, HCWs will be administered 800mg of HCQ as a loading dose on the day of randomization (as two 400mg doses 12hrs apart) and subsequently continued on 400mg once a week for 12 weeks. This will be in addition to the use of recommended PPE as per institutional guidelines and based on their roles. HCWs will collect the drug once every week from designated research and pharmacy staff at site. A weekly phone reminder will be provided to participants in this arm to ensure compliance. An ECG will be performed between 4-6 weeks in this arm and if the QTc is prolonged (greater than 450milliseconds), the drug will be stopped. Follow-up will however continue. Participants in both arms will receive a weekly phone call for evaluation of the primary outcome, to monitor protocol compliance and development of any adverse events (in the HCQ group). MAIN OUTCOMES: Participants will be followed on a weekly basis. The primary outcome is the proportion of HCWs developing laboratory confirmed COVID-19 infection within 6 months of randomization. We will also evaluate a number of secondary outcomes, including hospitalization related to suspected/confirmed COVID-19 infection, intensive care unit or high-dependency unit admission due to suspected/confirmed COVID-19 infection, all-cause mortality, need for organ support ( non-invasive or invasive ventilation, vasopressors and renal replacement therapy), ICU and hospital length of stay, readmission, days off work and treatment-related adverse events. RANDOMISATION: Randomisation will be conducted through a password-protected, secure website using a central, computer-based randomisation program. Randomisation will be stratified by participating institutions and by the role of HCW - nursing, medical and other. Participants will be randomised 1:1 to either standard practice only or HCQ plus standard practice. Allocation concealment is maintained by central web-based randomisation BLINDING (MASKING): This is an unblinded study: study assigned treatment will be known to the research team and participant. Bias will be mitigated through an objective end point (laboratory confirmed COVID-19 infection). NUMBERS TO BE RANDOMISED (SAMPLE SIZE): A total of 6,950 HCWs will be enrolled (3475 to the intervention) and (3475 to the standard practice group) to detect a 25% relative reduction, or 2.5% absolute reduction, in the infection rate from an estimated baseline infection rate of 10%, with 80% statistical power using a two-sided test at 5% level of significance. Available data from China and Italy indicate that the rate of infection among frontline healthcare workers varies between 4% to 12%. We therefore assumed a baseline infection rate of 10% among HCWs. This sample size allows for a potential loss to follow-up rate of 10% and a potential non-compliance rate of 10% in both the treatment and control arms. TRIAL STATUS: HOPE protocol version 3.0 dated June 3rd 2020. Recruitment started on 29th June 2020 and currently 56 participants have been enrolled. Planned completion of enrolment is January 31st 2021. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trials Registry of India: CTRI/2020/05/025067 (prospectively registered) Date of registration: 6th May 2020 FULL PROTOCOL: The full protocol is attached as an additional file, accessible from the Trials website (Additional file 1). In the interest of expedited dissemination of this material, the familiar formatting has been eliminated; this Letter serves as a summary of the key elements of the full protocol. The study protocol has been reported in accordance with the Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Clinical Interventional Trials (SPIRIT) guidelines (Additional file 2).


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Inibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapêutico , Pessoal de Saúde , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus , Quimioprevenção , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Humanos , Índia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão
13.
J Bras Nefrol ; 42(2 suppl 1): 4-8, 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877490

RESUMO

The Covid-19 pandemic brought several challenges to the healthcare system: diagnosis, treatment and measures to prevent the spread of the disease. With the greater availability and variety of diagnostic tests, it is essential to properly interpret them. This paper intends to help dialysis units concerning the use of clinical criteria and diagnostic tests for decision making regarding the discontinuation of isolation of patients with suspected or confirmed Covid-19, as well as the return to work activities for employees with suspected or confirmed Covid-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/normas , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Nefrologia/normas , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Diálise Renal , Retorno ao Trabalho , Algoritmos , Brasil , Lista de Checagem , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Doenças Profissionais/diagnóstico , Pandemias , Isolamento de Pacientes , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/normas , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Unidade Hospitalar de Urologia/normas
14.
J Bras Nefrol ; 42(2 suppl 1): 18-21, 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877494

RESUMO

Considering the new coronavirus epidemic (Covid-19), the Brazilian Society of Nephrology, represented by the Peritoneal Steering Committee, in agreement with the and the Dialysis Department, developed a series of recommendations for good clinical practices for peritoneal dialysis (PD) clinics, to be considered during the period of the Covid-19 epidemic. We aim to minimize the disease spread, protecting patients and staff, and ensuring the quality of the treatment provided and adequate follow-up for PD patients. The recommendations suggested at this moment must be adapted to each clinic's reality and the conditions of the structural and human resources, dependent on the adequate financial provision of the public health system for its full implementation.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Diálise Peritoneal/normas , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Brasil , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Desinfecção/métodos , Desinfecção/normas , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Máscaras , Nefrologia/normas , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Isolamento de Pacientes/métodos , Isolamento de Pacientes/normas , Diálise Peritoneal/instrumentação , Diálise Peritoneal/métodos , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Sociedades Médicas , Telemedicina/legislação & jurisprudência , Telemedicina/métodos , Telemedicina/normas , Unidade Hospitalar de Urologia/organização & administração , Unidade Hospitalar de Urologia/normas
15.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 942020 Sep 03.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880381

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Covid-19 pandemic is testing the resistance of health systems, the preservation of health professionals is a priority in processes of this type. The professionals' exposure to suspicious contacts often requires their confinement. The objective was to know the epidemiological characteristics of the primary care professionals who required confinement. METHODS: The research was carried out in the North Metropolitan Primary Care Area of Barcelona, from February 17 to May 3, 2020. 1,418 professionals who required confinement due to the epidemic by Covid-19 participated. The reasons for confinement, symptomatology, the confinement time and the results of PCR tests results were recorded. Univariate descriptive analysis was performed. RESULTS: 78.8% of the professionals were women and the mean age was 45.2 years. 67.8% were doctors and nurses, in the remaining 32.2% there were different healthcare and non-care professionals. 64.1% of the sample presented symptoms compatible with Covid-19. Participants described multiple symptoms during confinement. 1,050 diagnostic RT- PCR tests were performed, being positive in 323 cases, of which 33 were in asymptomatic people. CONCLUSIONS: The impact of the epidemic by Covid-19 is anticipated in health personnel compared to the general population. The distribution of symptoms in healthcare professionals is similar to that of other studies in the general population. Of the total number of professionals requiring isolation, 22.7% confirmed the diagnosis.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Quarentena , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Profissionais/diagnóstico , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Espanha/epidemiologia
17.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 69(33): 1133-1138, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32817604

RESUMO

Improved understanding of the overall distribution of workplace coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreaks by industry sector could help direct targeted public health action; however, this has not been described. The Utah Department of Health (UDOH) analyzed COVID-19 surveillance data to describe workplace outbreaks by industry sectors. In this report, workplaces refer to non-health care, noncongregate-living, and noneducational settings. As of June 5, 2020, UDOH reported 277 COVID-19 outbreaks, 210 (76%) of which occurred in workplaces. Approximately 12% (1,389 of 11,448) of confirmed COVID-19 cases in Utah were associated with workplace outbreaks. The 210 workplace outbreaks occurred in 15 of 20 industry sectors;* nearly one half of all workplace outbreaks occurred in three sectors: Manufacturing (43; 20%), Construction (32; 15%) and Wholesale Trade (29; 14%); 58% (806 of 1,389) of workplace outbreak-associated cases occurred in these three sectors. Although 24% of Utah's workforce in all 15 affected sectors identified as Hispanic or Latino (Hispanic) or a race other than non-Hispanic white (nonwhite†) (1), 73% (970 of 1,335) of workplace outbreak-associated COVID-19 cases were in persons who identified as Hispanic or nonwhite. Systemic social inequities have resulted in the overrepresentation of Hispanic and nonwhite workers in frontline occupations where exposure to SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, might be higher (2); extra vigilance in these sectors is needed to ensure prevention and mitigation strategies are applied equitably and effectively to workers of racial and ethnic groups disproportionately affected by COVID-19. Health departments can adapt workplace guidance to each industry sector affected by COVID-19 to account for different production processes and working conditions.


Assuntos
Grupos de Populações Continentais/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/etnologia , Surtos de Doenças , Grupos Étnicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Indústrias/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Profissionais/etnologia , Pneumonia Viral/etnologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Utah/epidemiologia , Local de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(8): e21366, 2020 08 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32763891

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The response to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic has created an unprecedented disruption in work conditions. This study describes the mental health and well-being of workers both with and without clinical exposure to patients with coronavirus disease (COVID-19). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to measure the prevalence of stress, anxiety, depression, work exhaustion, burnout, and decreased well-being among faculty and staff at a university and academic medical center during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and describe work-related and personal factors associated with their mental health and well-being. METHODS: All faculty, staff, and postdoctoral fellows of a university, including its medical school, were invited in April 2020 to complete an online questionnaire measuring stress, anxiety, depression, work exhaustion, burnout, and decreased well-being. We examined associations between these outcomes and factors including work in high-risk clinical settings and family/home stressors. RESULTS: There were 5550 respondents (overall response rate of 34.3%). Overall, 34% of faculty and 14% of staff (n=915) were providing clinical care, while 61% of faculty and 77% of staff were working from home. Among all workers, anxiety (prevalence ratio 1.37, 95% CI 1.09-1.73), depression (prevalence ratio 1.28, 95% CI 1.03-1.59), and high work exhaustion (prevalence ratio 1.24, 95% CI 1.13-1.36) were independently associated with community or clinical exposure to COVID-19. Poor family-supportive behaviors by supervisors were also associated with these outcomes (prevalence ratio 1.40, 95% CI 1.21-1.62; prevalence ratio 1.69, 95% CI 1.48-1.92; and prevalence ratio 1.54, 95% CI 1.44-1.64, respectively). Age <40 years and a greater number of family/home stressors were also associated with these poorer outcomes. Among the subset of clinicians, caring for patients with COVID-19 and working in high-risk clinical settings were additional risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the pandemic has had negative effects on the mental health and well-being of both clinical and nonclinical employees. Mitigating exposure to COVID-19 and increasing supervisor support are modifiable risk factors that may protect mental health and well-being for all workers.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Depressão , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Profissionais , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Curr Med Sci ; 40(4): 625-635, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32767264

RESUMO

Nurses' work-related fatigue has been recognized as a threat to nurse health and patient safety. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of fatigue among first-line nurses combating with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China, and to analyze its influencing factors on fatigue. A multi-center, descriptive, cross-sectional design with a convenience sample was used. The statistical population consisted of the first-line nurses in 7 tertiary general hospitals from March 3, 2020 to March 10, 2020 in Wuhan of China. A total of 2667 samples from 2768 contacted participants completed the investgation, with a response rate of 96.35%. Social-demographic questionnaire, work-related questionnaire, Fatigue Scale-14, Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and Chinese Perceived Stress Scale were used to conduct online survey. The descriptive statistic of nurses' social-demographic characteristics was conducted, and the related variables of work, anxiety, depression, perceived stress and fatigue were analyzed by t-tests, nonparametric test and Pearson's correlation analysis. The significant factors which resulted in nurses' fatigue were further analyzed by multiple linear regression analysis. The median score for the first-line nurses' fatigue in Wuhan was 4 (2, 8). The median score of physical and mental fatigue of them was 3 (1, 6) and 1 (0, 3) respectively. According to the scoring criteria, 35.06% nurses (n=935) of all participants were in the fatigue status, their median score of fatigue was 10 (8, 11), and the median score of physical and mental fatigue of them was 7 (5, 8) and 3 (2, 4) respectively. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed the participants in the risk groups of anxiety, depression and perceived stress had higher scores on physical and mental fatigue and the statistically significant positive correlation was observed between the variables and nurses' fatigue, the frequency of exercise and nurses' fatigue had a statistically significant negative correlation, and average daily working hours had a significantly positive correlation with nurses' fatigue, and the frequency of weekly night shift had a low positive correlation with nurses' fatigue (P<0.01). There was a moderate level of fatigue among the first-line nurses fighting against COVID-19 pandemic in Wuhan, China. Government and health authorities need to formulate and take effective intervention strategies according to the relevant risk factors, and undertake preventive measures aimed at reducing health hazards due to increased work-related fatigue among first-line nurses, and to enhance their health status and provide a safe occupational environment worldwide. Promoting both medical and nursing safety while combating with the pandemic currently is warranted.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/enfermagem , Fadiga/etiologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/etiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/enfermagem , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Fadiga/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Fadiga Mental/epidemiologia , Fadiga Mental/etiologia , Fadiga Mental/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
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