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1.
Bioresour Technol ; 307: 123227, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32229411

RESUMO

The effects of different hypochlorite types (namely Ca(OCl)2 and NaOCl) on the waste activated sludge (WAS) anaerobic fermentation, and microbial community and activity were investigated. The results indicated that both Ca(OCl)2 and NaOCl contributed to volatile fatty acids (VFAs) production by simultaneously enhancing the solubilization, hydrolysis and acidification processes. The maximal VFAs was respectively 1379.5 (at 10 d) and 1621.5 (at 8 d) mg COD/L at the optimal dose of NaOCl and Ca(OCl)2 while it was merely 157.4 (at 6 d) mg COD/L in the control. However, the Ca(OCl)2 might affect the anaerobic process in a continuous mode while the NaOCl was relatively transient, which caused distinctive influences on the microbial structure and activity, and subsequently VFAs production in WAS fermentation systems. Moreover, Ca(OCl)2 treatments showed advantages over NaOCl on WAS dewatering and VSS reduction, implying the superiority of utilizing Ca(OCl)2 as additives for WAS disposal.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Esgotos , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis , Fermentação , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Hidrólise , Ácido Hipocloroso
2.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0229939, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32130274

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to provide basic data on the types and frequency of chemical ingestions and the clinical outcomes of chemical ingestion injury. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed the data obtained from the Emergency Department-Based Injury In-depth Surveillance of the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (South Korea) from 2011 to 2016. Patients ingesting chemicals aged ≥ 18 years were included, but those ingesting unknown chemical substances or with unknown clinical outcomes were excluded. RESULTS: This study included 2,712 (47.2% were men and 52.8% were women, mean age, 47.05 years) patients ingesting chemicals. Unintentional and intentional ingestions were reported in 1,673 (61.7%) and 1,039 (38.3%), respectively. The most commonly ingested chemical substances were hypochlorites, detergents, ethanol, and acetic acid. In the unintentional ingestion group, the most common chemicals upon admission were hypochlorites (74), glacial acetic acid (60), and detergent (33). The admission rates were 60% for glacial acetic acid, 58.3% ethylene glycol, and 30.4% other alkali agents. In the intentional ingestion group, the most common chemicals upon admission were hypochlorites (242), glacial acetic acid (79), ethylene glycol (42), and detergent (41). The admission rates were 91.9% for glacial acetic acid, 87.5% ethylene glycol, 85.7% potassium cyanide, and 81.4% hydrochloric acid. In total, 79 deaths (10 unintentional ingestions, 69 intentional ingestion) were reported, and glacial acetic acid had an odds ratio of 9.299 for mortality. CONCLUSION: We compared the intentional and unintentional ingestion groups, and analyzed the factors affecting hospital admission and mortality in each group. The types and clinical outcomes of chemical ingestion varied depending on the purpose of chemical ingestion. The findings are considered beneficial in establishing treatment policies for patients ingesting chemicals.


Assuntos
Ingestão de Alimentos , Substâncias Perigosas/toxicidade , Envenenamento/epidemiologia , Ácido Acético/toxicidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antídotos/uso terapêutico , Detergentes/toxicidade , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Etanol/toxicidade , Etilenoglicol , Feminino , Humanos , Ácido Hipocloroso/toxicidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Centros de Controle de Intoxicações/estatística & dados numéricos , Envenenamento/fisiopatologia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(19): 2849-2852, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031557

RESUMO

HClO and H2S are crucial for maintaining the homeostasis in cells and play vital roles in many physiological and pathological processes. Herein, we present a fluorescent probe that can respectively and simultaneously detect H2S and HClO in a dual-ratiometric manner with good linearity. Utilizing this probe, the imaging of intracellular H2S or/and HClO in living cells in a ratiometric manner was achieved.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/análise , Ácido Hipocloroso/análise , Fluorescência , Homeostase , Humanos , Células MCF-7
4.
Biochemistry (Mosc) ; 85(Suppl 1): S34-S55, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32087053

RESUMO

This review discusses formation of reactive halogen species (RHS) catalyzed by myeloperoxidase (MPO), an enzyme mostly present in leukocytes. An imbalance between the RHS production and body's ability to remove or neutralize them leads to the development of halogenative stress. RHS reactions with proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and antioxidants in the content of low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) of the human blood are described. MPO binds site-specifically to the LDL surface and modifies LDL properties and structural organization, which leads to the LDL conversion into proatherogenic forms captured by monocytes/macrophages, which causes accumulation of cholesterol and its esters in these cells and their transformation into foam cells, the basis of atherosclerotic plaques. The review describes the biomarkers of MPO enzymatic activity and halogenative stress, as well as the involvement of the latter in the development of atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Halogenação , Halogênios/metabolismo , Lipoproteínas LDL/metabolismo , Placa Aterosclerótica/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Colesterol/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos Insaturados/metabolismo , Células Espumosas/metabolismo , Radicais Livres/metabolismo , Humanos , Ácido Hipocloroso/metabolismo , Leucócitos/metabolismo , Peroxidase/metabolismo
5.
Sci Total Environ ; 712: 135625, 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32050394

RESUMO

Recently, many studies highlighted the consistent finding of irbesartan in effluents from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and in some rivers and lakes in both Europe and North America, suggesting that no >80% can be removed by specific treatments. The present investigation attempts to study the chemical fate of irbesartan in a simulated chlorination step, mimicking the conditions of a WWTP. A total of six disinfection by-products were identified, five were completely new, and separated on a C-18 column by employing a gradient HPLC method. Initially, a complete mass fragmentation pathway of the drug was established with the help of MS/TOF, and subsequently, the disinfection by-products were subjected to MS/TOF mass studies to obtain their mass and fragment pattern. The MS results helped to assign tentative structures to the disinfection products, which were verified through 1D and 2D NMR experiments. The chemical structures of the new compounds have been justified by a proposed mechanism of formation. A preliminary ecotoxicity assessment with the crustacean Daphnia magna showed that some of the identified by-products were up to 12-times more toxic than irbesartan.


Assuntos
Desinfecção , Europa (Continente) , Ácido Hipocloroso , Irbesartana , América do Norte , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água
6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(17): 2598-2601, 2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016205

RESUMO

A novel pyrene-based naked-eye colorimetric and fluorescent turn-on probe (S-ClO) was developed. Besides, imaging in living RAW264.7 cells, an arterial vessel inflammation nude mouse model and human serum using S-ClO indicates that S-ClO could serve as a potential tool for early diagnosing and monitoring inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Corantes Fluorescentes/metabolismo , Ácido Hipocloroso/metabolismo , Animais , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Microscopia de Fluorescência/métodos , Células RAW 264.7
7.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(17): 2610-2613, 2020 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016272

RESUMO

We have synthesized a turn-on fluorescent probe, termed NB4OH, to detect cellular hypochlorite. NB4OH is mainly localized in the endoplasmic reticulum and detects ClO- in foam cells. The fluorescence change of the probe was explained by theoretical calculation as a PET process. The probe holds great promise for application in biomedical research, including atherosclerosis research.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Células Espumosas/metabolismo , Ácido Hipocloroso/metabolismo , Sondas Moleculares/metabolismo , Humanos , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
8.
Talanta ; 209: 120548, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892058

RESUMO

It is very necessary to develop real-time, highly sensitive and selective fluorescent probes for hypochlorite (ClO-) in living cells owing to hypochlorite's important role in pathological and physiological processes and its short life. Herein, a pyrene Schiff's base derivative was successfully developed for real-time (within seconds), highly sensitive detecting ClO- with a low detection limit (5.7 nM) and wide pH range (4.0-11.0) based on nucleophilic addition and subsequent hydrolysis mechanism. The probe has aggregation-induced emission properties and emits yellow fluorescence (544 nm) in PBS solution, while it exhibits blue fluorescence in other organic solvents (426 nm (THF) - 460 nm (MeOH)). The probe can be used to response ClO- in A549 cells with low cytotoxicity, a good cell membranes penetration and good biocompatibility. Cell uptake experiment indicates that probe getting into the cells is energy-dependent and is not attributed to endocytosis. Moreover, the probe is successfully used in real water sample to detect ClO- and it can be expected to be applied to ClO- participated biological and pathological functions in biological systems.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Ácido Hipocloroso/análise , Pirenos/química , Bases de Schiff/química , Células A549 , Células HeLa , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Imagem Óptica/métodos
9.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(8): 1219-1222, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895373

RESUMO

To monitor delicate changes of biological HOCl in vivo, a new probe (OH-substituted coumarin-hemicyanine, probe 2) was synthesized for NIR and ratiometric HOCl detection. Selectivity studies indicated that the electron-donating group (OH) substituted on the indolium moiety enhanced the selectivity to detect HOCl. With HOCl, the probe showed a ratiometric fluorescence (I500/I650) with a low detection limit (49.1 nM) and a rapid response (within 2 min). In addition, probe 2 was successfully applied to visualize exogenous and endogenous HOCl in living cells and animals and exhibited a perfect mitochondria target ability. This probe has been further studied as a potential and powerful tool to probe HOCl in arthritis models.


Assuntos
Cumarínicos/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Ácido Hipocloroso/análise , Indóis/química , Animais , Artrite/induzido quimicamente , Artrite/diagnóstico , Carragenina , Cumarínicos/síntese química , Cumarínicos/toxicidade , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Corantes Fluorescentes/toxicidade , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Indóis/síntese química , Indóis/toxicidade , Limite de Detecção , Camundongos , Microscopia Confocal/métodos , Microscopia de Fluorescência/métodos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Células RAW 264.7 , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos , Peixe-Zebra
10.
Environ Sci Technol ; 54(3): 1730-1739, 2020 02 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940195

RESUMO

We report elevated levels of gaseous inorganic chlorinated and nitrogenated compounds in indoor air while cleaning with a commercial bleach solution during the House Observations of Microbial and Environmental Chemistry field campaign in summer 2018. Hypochlorous acid (HOCl), chlorine (Cl2), and nitryl chloride (ClNO2) reached part-per-billion by volume levels indoors during bleach cleaning-several orders of magnitude higher than typically measured in the outdoor atmosphere. Kinetic modeling revealed that multiphase chemistry plays a central role in controlling indoor chlorine and reactive nitrogen chemistry during these periods. Cl2 production occurred via heterogeneous reactions of HOCl on indoor surfaces. ClNO2 and chloramine (NH2Cl, NHCl2, NCl3) production occurred in the applied bleach via aqueous reactions involving nitrite (NO2-) and ammonia (NH3), respectively. Aqueous-phase and surface chemistry resulted in elevated levels of gas-phase nitrogen dioxide (NO2). We predict hydroxyl (OH) and chlorine (Cl) radical production during these periods (106 and 107 molecules cm-3 s-1, respectively) driven by HOCl and Cl2 photolysis. Ventilation and photolysis accounted for <50% and <0.1% total loss of bleach-related compounds from indoor air, respectively; we conclude that uptake to indoor surfaces is an important additional loss process. Indoor HOCl and nitrogen trichloride (NCl3) mixing ratios during bleach cleaning reported herein are likely detrimental to human health.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados , Cloro , Gases , Humanos , Ácido Hipocloroso , Ventilação
11.
Sci Total Environ ; 709: 136108, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31905555

RESUMO

The use of Alcohol-based antiseptics is efficient and approved, however it has some limitations. This paper examined the possibility of using hypochlorite water as a chlorine-based antiseptic for handwashing in public buildings and healthcare facilities. The electrolysis method was used, which produces Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) from mixing drinking water with small amounts of sodium hydroxide. Hypochlorous acid is usually produced by blood cells to surround pathogens when the skin is cut and exposed to pathogens. The methods used were based on hydrolysing drinking water at a different salt concentration (from 0 up to saline water 0.9% NaCl) under the different power supply. The results showed that 0.005-0.01% hydrochloride water can be a perfect antiseptic that can kill most bacteria and pathogenies within 12 s. In one prototype set up one litter of the prepared solution needed the only 2 g of NaCl, 12 V and 3 amps' power. However, the pH value should be maintained to be around 5-6. The results also showed that the most efficient way was to produce the solution on-site. However, if stored properly it can be used for 7-10 days after production.


Assuntos
Eletrólise , Anti-Infecciosos Locais , Cloro , Ácido Hipocloroso , Água
12.
Clin Oral Investig ; 24(1): 201-209, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31079243

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the benefit of repeated subgingival cleaning with a low-concentrated hypochlorite/amino acid gel in subjects in maintenance care with residual pockets ≥ 5 mm. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Examiner masked, randomized two-arm parallel design. Thirty-two adult periodontal patients in maintenance phase, > 3 months after periodontal therapy, with at least one residual periodontal pocket ≥ 5 mm, were randomly assigned to treatment by subgingival ultrasonic debridement with the gel or ultrasonic debridement only. At months 0, 4, and 8, all sites presenting with a probing depth (PD) ≥ 5 mm were treated. Six sites were monitored on each tooth. The primary end point was the presence or absence of PD ≥ 5 mm after 12 months. Secondary clinical outcomes were oral tissue safety; patient acceptance; changes in PD; bleeding on probing; recession after 4, 8, and 12 months; and the presence or absence of six target microorganisms in treated pockets at baseline, after 7 days and 4 months. RESULTS: A total of 365 sites in 32 patients with PD ≥ 5 mm were treated at baseline. At the final evaluation at month 12, 47% of these sites in the test and 49% in the control group were still in this PD category. The difference between baseline and month 12 was significant in both groups (p < 0.01), whereas the difference between groups was not. Repeated short ultrasonic instrumentation with adjunctive administration of the test product resulted in a clinical attachment level (CAL) gain of 1.02 mm (p < 0.01) and led to - 0.97 mm of pocket reduction (p < 0.01) without inducing further recession. However, repeated short ultrasonic debridement without the gel led to a similar clinical outcome (p < 0.01). No adverse events were recorded. CONCLUSIONS: Short ultrasonic instrumentation of residual pockets with PD ≥ 5 mm during maintenance visits resulted in a clinically relevant CAL gain and PD reduction in the order of 1 mm in 1 year, without inducing further recession. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This study corroborates the benefit of regular maintenance care after periodontal therapy, including short debridement of the residual pockets.


Assuntos
Ácido Hipocloroso , Desbridamento Periodontal , Ultrassom , Adulto , Aminoácidos , Desbridamento , Índice de Placa Dentária , Raspagem Dentária , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(5): 4917-4926, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845272

RESUMO

Six elemental chlorine-free bleaching sequences were studied to see their effect on quality of pulp produced and quantity of pollutants generated during bleaching of wheat straw soda pulp. Impact of parameters like adsorbable organic halogens (AOX), chemical oxygen demand (COD), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and sodium adsorption ratio, pH and total dissolved solids generated during bleaching on environment as index of global pollution (IGP) was also studied. The purpose of the study was to investigate six elemental chlorine-free bleaching sequences to compare the pulp quality, effluent properties and their impact on environment. An oxygen delignification stage before D0EOPD bleaching sequence reduced the AOX, COD, colour and BOD by 44%, 42%, 36% and 33%, respectively, whereas an ozonation stage before bleaching reduced the same by 70%, 66%, 73% and 60%, respectively, as compared to those of control. The generation of pollutants as AOX, COD, colour and BOD was reduced further by 88%, 80%, 90% and 77%, respectively, with the use of short bleaching sequences (DD, DP and PD) as compared to those of control. The environmental impact as IGP with D0EOPD bleaching sequence was 2.65 which got reduced to 1.44 with bleaching sequence OZPD. Bleaching sequence OZD0EOPD was found the most effective for improving brightness and whiteness of the pulp, whereas short bleaching sequence OZPD found the most effective for reducing generation of pollutants during bleaching among different bleaching sequences studied. Graphical abstract.


Assuntos
Cloro , Resíduos Industriais , Adsorção , Cloro/química , Halogênios/química , Ácido Hipocloroso , Resíduos Industriais/análise , Papel , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos
14.
Talanta ; 208: 120447, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31816774

RESUMO

The selective fluorescence sensing of hypochlorite (ClO-) was achieved at pH 7.4 by a simple analytical procedure through the fluorescence quenching of autoclave synthesized carbon dots (CDs), which used as precursor an adduct formed between 3-aminophenylboronic acid (APBA) and alizarin red S (ARS). The use of this adduct allowed the preparation of CDs with a red shifted emission (560 nm) and excitation in the visible range (490 nm). Quantification of hypochlorite was achieved at physiological pH (pH 7.4) in aqueous solutions by fluorescence quenching with a linearity range of 0-200 µM (limit of detection of 4.47 µM, and limit of quantification of 13.41 µM). The selectivity of hypochlorite sensing was confirmed by comparison with other potential analytes, such as glucose, fructose and hydrogen peroxide. Finally, the validity of the proposed assay was further demonstrated by performing recovery assays in different matrices. Thus, this CDs allows the fluorescent sensing of ClO- with spectral properties more suitable for in vitro/in vivo applications.


Assuntos
Antraquinonas/química , Ácidos Borônicos/química , Carbono/química , Ácido Hipocloroso/análise , Fluorescência , Ouro/química , Ácido Hipocloroso/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química
15.
Sci Total Environ ; 698: 134166, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494421

RESUMO

The development of efficient and regenerable adsorbent coupled with advanced oxidation for enhanced thallium (Tl) removal has been a recent focus on wastewater treatment. In this study, a magnetite-based biochar derived from watermelon rinds was synthesized and used as a sustainable adsorbent and catalyst for hypochlorite oxidation and removal of Tl(I) from wastewater. The addition of hypochlorite substantially enhanced the Tl(I) removal under normal pH range (6-9). Maximum Tl adsorption capacity of 1123 mg/g was achieved, which is 12.3% higher than the highest value previously reported. The magnetic biochar can be regenerated using 0.1 mol/L HNO3 solution for elution in only 5 min, with a Tl desorption efficiency of 78.9%. The Tl removal efficiency was constantly higher than 98.5% during five consecutive recycle tests, indicating the effective reuse performance of the adsorbent. Oxidation, surface precipitation, pore retention and surface complexation were the main mechanisms for Tl(I) removal. The re-dissolution of Tl compounds and ion exchange of Tl cations with proton were the main mechanisms for adsorbent regeneration. Given the fast oxidation rate, high adsorption capacity, steady reusability and facile separability, this magnetic biochar-hypochlorite technique is a promising means for Tl(I) removal from wastewater. The catalytic hypochlorite oxidation induced by the magnetic biochar has also great potential to the effective removal of other pollutants.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal/química , Óxido Ferroso-Férrico/química , Tálio/análise , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Adsorção , Ácido Hipocloroso , Tálio/química , Águas Residuárias , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química
16.
Talanta ; 206: 120250, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514846

RESUMO

The development of a simple and economical spectrophotometric system based on the use of a device created by 3D printing and the electronics necessary to control the intensity of the radiation source was described. The measurements are made with a low-cost digital webcam. The entire system is only powered through the USB outputs of a computer, which makes the portable and really practical system for the measurements in the field. This method was applied to determine iron (II) in waters using o-phenanthroline as chromogenic reagent giving a red complex, and also to hypochlorite determination using tetramethylbenzidine as the reagent providing a yellow color. The calibration curves were built using a mathematical algorithm making a RGB deconvolution. The intense of colors obtained from a webcam in each concentration of analyte had a relationship with the absorbance values. In order to confirm the accuracy and precision of this method, a traditional spectrophotometer was used for validation.


Assuntos
Computadores , Fotografação/instrumentação , Impressão Tridimensional , Espectrofotometria/instrumentação , Benzidinas/química , Calibragem , Ácido Hipocloroso/análise , Ferro/análise , Limite de Detecção , Fenantrolinas/química , Espectrofotometria/métodos
17.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1094: 122-129, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761038

RESUMO

Hypochlorite (HClO) is involved in various physiological and pathological processes as well as regulation of lysosomal functions. Thus, it is appreciated to develop efficient molecule tools for precisely detecting HClO in lysosomes. Although several lysosomal-targetable fluorogenic probes for HClO have been developed to date, they still suffered from the discounted sensing performance under lysosomal acidic condition. Herein, on the basis of the "AND" logic gate strategy, a novel dual-activatable fluorogenic probe CS has been rationally designed by simultaneously incorporating HClO recognition site and pH-sensitive group with lysosomal-targetable characteristic into a coumarin fluorophore. Different from the single-activated ones previously reported, CS exhibited good sensitivity, high specificity and fast response towards HClO under the acidic conditions but was out of operation in the neutral or alkaline environment. Importantly, it had been successfully applied for spatial-resolution imaging of exogenous or endogenous HClO in lysosomes.


Assuntos
Cumarínicos/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Ácido Hipocloroso/análise , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Cumarínicos/síntese química , Cumarínicos/toxicidade , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Corantes Fluorescentes/toxicidade , Células HeLa , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Limite de Detecção , Microscopia Confocal/métodos , Microscopia de Fluorescência/métodos , Modelos Químicos , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos
18.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1094: 70-79, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761049

RESUMO

To explore how hypochlorous acid (HClO) affects human health, a highly sensitive, selective, and trace detection method for hypochlorite (ClO-) is crucial for determining its non-negligible function in both environment and living systems. Herein, a dicyanoisophorone-phenylboronic acid-based novel ratiometric near-infrared fluorescent probe (Probe 1) was designed for the rapid and specific detection of ClO- based on the intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) mechanism. Excess addition of HClO to the Probe 1 solution, 186-times ratio (I652/I582) augment were gained. And this probe provided a colorimetric and ratiometric fluorescence response to ClO- with a high selectivity, a rapid response (within 30 s), and had an extremely low detection limit (15.7 nM). In addition, owing to the good sensing properties and low cytotoxicity of Probe 1, it can be used to expediently visualize exogenous ClO- in HepG2 cells and endogenous ClO- in RAW264.7 macrophage cells. Furthermore, the probe was successfully used for the bioimaging of zebrafish with an acute inflammation. Thus, Probe 1 is a promising vehicle to identify the level of HClO in animals with associated diseases.


Assuntos
Ácidos Borônicos/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Ácido Hipocloroso/análise , Inflamação/metabolismo , Nitrilos/química , Animais , Ácidos Borônicos/síntese química , Ácidos Borônicos/toxicidade , Colorimetria/métodos , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Corantes Fluorescentes/toxicidade , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Ácido Hipocloroso/metabolismo , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Limite de Detecção , Lipopolissacarídeos , Camundongos , Microscopia Confocal/métodos , Microscopia de Fluorescência/métodos , Nitrilos/síntese química , Nitrilos/toxicidade , Células RAW 264.7 , Peixe-Zebra
19.
Molecules ; 24(24)2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31817098

RESUMO

Hailey-Hailey disease (HHD) is a rare, chronic and recurrent blistering disorder, characterized by erosions occurring primarily in intertriginous regions and histologically by suprabasal acantholysis. Mutation of the Golgi Ca2+-ATPase ATP2C1 has been identified as having a causative role in Hailey-Hailey disease. HHD-derived keratinocytes have increased oxidative-stress that is associated with impaired proliferation and differentiation. Additionally, HHD is characterized by skin lesions that do not heal and by recurrent skin infections, indicating that HHD keratinocytes might not respond well to challenges such as wounding or infection. Hypochlorous acid has been demonstrated in vitro and in vivo to possess properties that rescue both oxidative stress and altered wound repair process. Thus, we investigated the potential effects of a stabilized form of hypochlorous acid (APR-TD012) in an in vitro model of HHD. We found that treatment of ATP2C1-defective keratinocytes with APR-TD012 contributed to upregulation of Nrf2 (nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2). Additionally, APR TD012-treatment restored the defective proliferative capability of siATP2C1-treated keratinocytes. We also found that the APR-TD012 treatment might support wound healing process, due to its ability to modulate the expression of wound healing associated cytokines. These observations suggested that the APR-TD012 might be a potential therapeutic agent for HHD-lesions.


Assuntos
Ácidos/química , Ácido Hipocloroso/uso terapêutico , Soluções Hipotônicas/uso terapêutico , Pênfigo Familiar Benigno/tratamento farmacológico , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , ATPases Transportadoras de Cálcio/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Ácido Hipocloroso/farmacologia , Soluções Hipotônicas/farmacologia , Queratinócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/patologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Pênfigo Familiar Benigno/genética , Pênfigo Familiar Benigno/patologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Soluções , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
PLoS One ; 14(12): e0226229, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31856257

RESUMO

Vermicomposting has been recommended as an eco-friendly method to transform organic waste into nutrient resources with minimum energy input. However, odor and pest issues associated with this method limit the use of vermicomposting, especially in indoor conditions. This study evaluated the effectiveness of applying hypochlorous acid (HOCl) to deodorize the vermicomposting process and improve the breeding environment for earthworms (Eisenia fetida). The deodorization performance of HOCl was compared by measuring the amount of ammonia (NH3) and amine (R-NH2) released from the decaying process of two types of food waste: HOCl-treated (HTW) waste and non-treated waste (NTW). The total and individual weights of earthworms in the waste treated with HOCl was measured to evaluate the impact on earthworm reproduction after applying HOCl. The results showed that HOCl application could reduce NH3 by 40% and R-NH2 by 80%, and increase the earthworm population size and total weight by up to 29% and 92%, respectively, compared to the control group. These results suggest that HOCl application is potentially an efficient method to control the odor and to boost earthworm reproduction and thus facilitate vermicomposting for improved food waste treatment and environmental quality.


Assuntos
Compostagem/métodos , Alimentos , Ácido Hipocloroso/farmacologia , Odorantes/prevenção & controle , Oligoquetos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Oligoquetos/metabolismo , Resíduos , Animais , Biodegradação Ambiental/efeitos dos fármacos , Oligoquetos/efeitos dos fármacos
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