Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 8.782
Filtrar
1.
Br J Radiol ; 93(1111): 20200034, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374626

RESUMO

Necrosis plays vital roles in living organisms which is related closely with various diseases. Non-invasively necrotic imaging can be of great values in clinical decision-making, evaluation of individualized treatment responses, and prediction of patient prognosis. This narrative review will demonstrate how the evolution of quinones for necrotic imaging has been promoted by searching for their active centers. In this review, we summarized the recent developments of various quinones with the continuous simplified π-conjugated cores in necrotic imaging and speculated their possible molecular mechanisms might be attributed to their intercalations with exposed DNA in necrotic tissues. We discussed their clinical challenges of necrotic imaging with quinones and their future translation studies deserved to be explored in personalized patient treatment.


Assuntos
Sondas Moleculares , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Necrose/diagnóstico por imagem , Quinonas , Animais , Antraquinonas/química , Células/patologia , DNA/análise , Humanos , Sondas Moleculares/química , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Naftoquinonas/química , Quinonas/química , Quinonas/classificação , Ratos
2.
Food Chem ; 322: 126754, 2020 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32283367

RESUMO

During storage of coffee, the key aroma 2-furfurylthiol becomes less active, the mechanisms of this loss and ways to mitigate it were investigated. Aroma profiles were analyzed using GC-MS and sensory properties were evaluated by Quantitative Descriptive Analysis. Quinones, as the oxidation products of hydroxydroquinone, was found to actively bind 2-furfurylthiol, which accounted for the loss of 2-furfurylthiol. To mitigate this loss, ingredients were screened for their ability to prevent 2-furfurylthiol from loss. Cysteine had the highest 2-furfurylthiol releasing efficiency and ascorbic acid was also selected due to its 2-furfurylthiol releasing ability in Fenton reaction system. Concentrations were optimized and the addition of 0.045 g/L cysteine and 0.05 g/L ascorbic acid directly protected aroma during storage, these included 2-furfurylthiol, dimethyltrisulfide, methyl furfuryl disulfide, 4-ethylguaiacol and 4-vinylguaiacol. Ultimately, sensory testing showed a direct enhancement in nutty, sulfurous and roasted aroma attributes, an increase in flavour intensity and preference over shelf life.


Assuntos
Café/química , Furanos/metabolismo , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Compostos de Sulfidrila/metabolismo , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Ácido Ascórbico/química , Café/metabolismo , Culinária/métodos , Cisteína/química , Armazenamento de Alimentos , Furanos/química , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Quinonas/química , Quinonas/metabolismo , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Paladar , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/química
3.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0231965, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32324772

RESUMO

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram-negative γ-proteobacterium that forms part of the normal human microbiota and it is also an opportunistic pathogen, responsible for 30% of all nosocomial urinary tract infections. P. aeruginosa carries a highly branched respiratory chain that allows the colonization of many environments, such as the urinary tract, catheters and other medical devices. P. aeruginosa respiratory chain contains three different NADH dehydrogenases (complex I, NQR and NDH-2), whose physiologic roles have not been elucidated, and up to five terminal oxidases: three cytochrome c oxidases (COx), a cytochrome bo3 oxidase (CYO) and a cyanide-insensitive cytochrome bd-like oxidase (CIO). In this work, we studied the composition of the respiratory chain of P. aeruginosa cells cultured in Luria Broth (LB) and modified artificial urine media (mAUM), to understand the metabolic adaptations of this microorganism to the growth in urine. Our results show that the COx oxidases play major roles in mAUM, while P. aeruginosa relies on CYO when growing in LB medium. Moreover, our data demonstrate that the proton-pumping NQR complex is the main NADH dehydrogenase in both LB and mAUM. This enzyme is resistant to HQNO, an inhibitory molecule produced by P. aeruginosa, and may provide an advantage against the natural antibacterial agents produced by this organism. This work offers a clear picture of the composition of this pathogen's aerobic respiratory chain and the main roles that NQR and terminal oxidases play in urine, which is essential to understand its physiology and could be used to develop new antibiotics against this notorious multidrug-resistant microorganism.


Assuntos
Materiais Biomiméticos , Meios de Cultura , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/metabolismo , Urina , Aerobiose , Transporte de Elétrons , NADH Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Quinonas/metabolismo
4.
Food Chem ; 317: 126454, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32113140

RESUMO

The reaction efficiency of o-benzoquinones with amines (L-lysine, Nα-acetyl-L-lysine, glycine, L-methionine and L-arginine), thiols (L-cysteine and Nα-acetyl-L-cysteine) and protein (bovine serum albumin) were determined at pH 5.0, 7.0 and 8.0 and scan rate of 10, 50 and 100 mV/s by cyclic voltammetry. Nucleophiles containing multiple nucleophilic groups and nucleophilic group possessing low pKa value would enhance the reactivity of nucleophiles towards o-benzoquinones. The reactivity of different o-benzoquinones with L-lysine/L-cysteine followed the order: protocatechuic acid quinone ≈ catechol quinone > 4-methylbenzoquinone ≈ caffeic acid quinone > rosmarinic acid quinone > chlorogenic acid quinone. The reactivity of quinones would be decreased by the steric hindrance of substituents on quinone ring, and it would also be weakened by enhancing electron cloud density of quinone ring. Adducts generated by the interaction of 4-methylbenzoquinone with amines and thiols were tentatively identified as amine-quinone adduct and thiol-phenol adduct respectively by UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS and cyclic voltammetry.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/química , Benzoquinonas/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Aminas/química , Catecóis/química , Cromatografia Líquida , Cisteína/química , Hidroxibenzoatos/química , Fenóis , Quinonas/química , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
5.
Chemosphere ; 252: 126573, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32220725

RESUMO

The interaction-based oxidative potential (OPint) represents the prediction of binary mixture effects distinguishing from linear additivity by including information on binary mixtures among PM components. The objective of this work is to develope a reliable estimate on the possible synergistic or antagonistic possibility of binary PM components and to quantify the combined effect. We firstly assessed the interactions among PM components in generating the OP based on DTT consumption rate and AA depletion. We started with the standard solution sequence (from 0.005 to 10 µM), including quinones (PQ, 1,2-NQ, and 1,4-NQ) and metals (Cu, Mn, and Fe). The interactions between metals were antagonistic interactions in DTT consumption. Cu showed antagonistic interaction with PQ, but additive with 1,2-NQ and 1,4-NQ. Mn interacted synergistically with 1,4-NQ in DTT consumption but antagonistically with PQ (where CPQ < 2.5 µM) and 1,4-NQ (where CPQ < 2 µM). Fe showed synergistic with quinones in investigated concentration range (from 0.01 to 5 µM). Finally, applying a moderate approach, on the basis of interaction magnitude (M = 5), resulted in 1-17% higher environmental risks, compared with the classical calculation method using simple addition. This work highlights a new approach to quantify the interaction effects between metals and quinones in PM components, and apportioning the components' contributions for PM OP.


Assuntos
Aerossóis/química , Material Particulado/química , Monitoramento Ambiental , Metais , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo , Quinonas
6.
Biochim Biophys Acta Proteins Proteom ; 1868(6): 140412, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32179183

RESUMO

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are zinc-dependent extracellular matrix remodeling endopeptidases. MMPs cleave various matrix proteins such as collagen, elastin, gelatin and casein. MMPs are often implicated in pathological processes, such as cancer progression including metastasis. Meanwhile, microorganisms produce various secondary metabolites having unique structures. We designed and synthesized dehydroxymethylepoxyquinomicin (DHMEQ) based on the structure of epoxyquinomicin C derived from Amycolatopsis as an inhibitor of NF-κB. This compound inhibited cancer cell migration and invasion. Since DHMEQ is comparatively unstable in the body, we designed and synthesized a stable DHMEQ analog, SEMBL. SEMBL also inhibited cancer cell migration and invasion. We also looked for inhibitors of cancer cell migration and invasion from microbial culture filtrates. As a result, we isolated a known compound, ketomycin, from Actinomycetes. DHMEQ, SEMBL, and ketomycin are all NF-κB inhibitors, and inhibited the expression of MMPs in the inhibition of cellular migration and invasion. These are all compounds with comparatively low toxicity, and may be useful for the development of anti-metastasis agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzamidas/antagonistas & inibidores , Cicloexanonas/antagonistas & inibidores , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/efeitos dos fármacos , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/efeitos dos fármacos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Actinobacteria/metabolismo , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Benzamidas/síntese química , Benzamidas/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cicloexanonas/síntese química , Glioxilatos/antagonistas & inibidores , Glioxilatos/metabolismo , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 11 da Matriz/efeitos dos fármacos , Metaloproteinase 11 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/efeitos dos fármacos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/efeitos dos fármacos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Subunidade p50 de NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Invasividade Neoplásica , Neoplasias , Quinonas/química
7.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(8): 2506-2515, 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013414

RESUMO

Thiol groups of cysteine (Cys) residues in proteins react with quinones, oxidation products of polyphenols, to form protein-polyphenol adducts. The aim of the present work was to quantify the amount of adduct formed between Cys residues and 4-methylcatechol (4MC) in minced beef. A Cys-4MC adduct standard was electrochemically synthesized and characterized by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) as well as NMR spectroscopy. Cys-4MC adducts were quantified after acidic hydrolysis of myofibrillar protein isolates (MPIs) and LC-MS/MS analysis of meat containing either 500 or 1500 ppm 4MC and stored at 4 °C for 7 days under a nitrogen or oxygen atmosphere. The concentrations of Cys-4MC were found to be 2.2 ± 0.3 nmol/mg MPI and 8.1 ± 0.9 nmol/mg MPI in meat containing 500 and 1500 ppm 4MC, respectively, and stored for 7 days under oxygen. The formation of the Cys-4MC adduct resulted in protein thiol loss, and ca. 62% of the thiol loss was estimated to account for the formation of the Cys-4MC adduct for meat containing 1500 ppm 4MC. Furthermore, protein polymerization increased in samples containing 4MC as evaluated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), and the polymerization was found to originate from protein-polyphenol interactions as evaluated by a blotting assay with staining by nitroblue tetrazolium.


Assuntos
Cisteína/química , Guaiacol/química , Carne/análise , Fenol/química , Animais , Bovinos , Proteínas Musculares/química , Oxirredução , Quinonas/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
8.
Biochim Biophys Acta Bioenerg ; 1861(5-6): 148173, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059842

RESUMO

Infrared absorption bands associated with the neutral state of quinones in the A1 binding site in photosystem I (PSI) have been difficult to identify in the past. This problem is addressed here, where time-resolved step-scan FTIR difference spectroscopy at 77 K has been used to study PSI with six different quinones incorporated into the A1 binding site. (P700+A1- - P700A1) and (A1- - A1) FTIR difference spectra (DS) were obtained for PSI with the different quinones incorporated, and several double-difference spectra (DDS) were constructed from the DS. From analysis of the DS and DDS, in combination with density functional theory based vibrational frequency calculations of the quinones, the neutral state bands of the incorporated quinones are identified and assigned. For neutral PhQ in the A1 binding site, infrared absorption bands were identified near 1665 and 1635 cm-1, that are due to the C1O and C4O stretching vibrations of the incorporated PhQ, respectively. These assignments indicate a 30 cm-1 separation between the C1O and C4O modes, considerably less than the ~80 cm-1 found for similar modes of PhQ-. The C4O mode downshifts due to hydrogen bonding, so the suggestion is that hydrogen bonding is weaker for the neutral state compared to the anion state, indicating radical-induced proton dynamics associated with the quinone in the A1 binding site in PSI.


Assuntos
Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema I/química , Quinonas/química , Amidas/química , Ânions , Sítios de Ligação , Isótopos de Carbono , Transporte de Elétrons , Ésteres/química , Modelos Moleculares , Fotossíntese , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Fatores de Tempo , Vibração
9.
Curr Med Chem ; 27(8): 1243-1307, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931690

RESUMO

This review covers recent literature from 2012-2019 concerning 170 marine natural products and their semisynthetic analogues with strong anticancer biological activities. Reports that shed light on cellular and molecular mechanisms and biological functions of these compounds, thus advancing the understanding in cancer biology are also included. Biosynthetic studies and total syntheses, which have provided access to derivatives and have contributed to the proper structure or stereochemistry elucidation or revision are mentioned. The natural compounds isolated from marine organisms are divided into nine groups, namely: alkaloids, sterols and steroids, glycosides, terpenes and terpenoids, macrolides, polypeptides, quinones, phenols and polyphenols, and miscellaneous products. An emphasis is placed on several drugs originating from marine natural products that have already been marketed or are currently in clinical trials.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos , Organismos Aquáticos , Estrutura Molecular , Quinonas , Terpenos
10.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(3): 557-568, 2020 01 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894828

RESUMO

The isoquinolinequinone (IQQ) pharmacophore is a privileged framework in known cytotoxic natural product families, caulibugulones and mansouramycins. Exploiting both families as a chemical starting point, we report on the structured development of an IQQ N-oxide anticancer framework which exhibits growth inhibition in the nM range across melanoma, ovarian and leukaemia cancer cell lines. A new lead compound (16, R6 = benzyl, R7 = H) exhibits nM GI50 values against 31/57 human tumour cell lines screened as part of the NCI60 panel and shows activity against doxorubicin resistant tumour cell lines. An electrochemical study highlights a correlation between electropositivity of the IQQ N-oxide framework and cytotoxicity. Adduct binding to sulfur based biological nucleophiles glutathione and cysteine was observed in vitro. This new framework possesses significant anticancer potential.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Óxidos N-Cíclicos/farmacologia , Isoquinolinas/farmacologia , Quinonas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Benzilaminas/síntese química , Benzilaminas/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Óxidos N-Cíclicos/síntese química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Isoquinolinas/síntese química , Quinonas/síntese química
11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(1): 346-351, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592761

RESUMO

A new aerobic betaproteobacterium, strain SA-152T, was isolated from the water of a crater lake. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain SA-152T belonged to the family Oxalobacteraceae (order Burkholderiales) and was phylogenetically related to Solimicrobium silvestre S20-91T with 97.09 % and to Herminiimonas arsenicoxydans ULPAs1T with 96.00 % 16S rRNA gene pairwise sequence similarity. Cells of strain SA-152T were rod-shaped, non-motile, oxidase-negative and catalase-positive. Its fatty acid profile was dominated by two fatty acids, C16 : 1 ω7c and C16 : 0, the major respiratory quinones were Q-8 and Q-7, and the main polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol. The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strain SA-152T was 48.3 mol%. The new bacterium can be distinguished from closely related genera Solimicrobium, Herminiimonas, Rugamonas and Undibacterium based on its non-motile and oxidase-negative cells. On the basis of the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genomic data, strain SA-152T is considered to represent a novel species of a new genus, for which the name Sapientia aquatica gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Sapientia aquatica is SA-152T (=DSM 29805T=NCAIM B.02613T).


Assuntos
Lagos/microbiologia , Oxalobacteraceae/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia da Água , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oxalobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , Quinonas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Romênia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
12.
Xenobiotica ; 50(5): 545-551, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524030

RESUMO

Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) is the most pharmaceutically relevant compound in Xuebijing (XBJ) for traumatic brain injury (TBI) treatment. We aimed to investigate biofluids pharmacokinetics of HSYA from XBJ to ensure the drug safety and to guide the clinical use.A sensitive, rapid and reliable liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was applied to investigate pharmacokinetics of HSYA in TBI patients after intravenous administration of XBJ. Non-compartmental methods using DAS 3.0 software were applied to analyse the pharmacokinetic parameters.A similar half-life (Plasmat1/2: 14.55 ± 3.51 h vs. CSFt1/2: 15.73 ± 3.63) was observed. HSYA reached the peak level rapidly, but exhibited a strongly slow absorption phase from blood to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF, PlasmaTmax: 0.69 ± 0.26 h vs. CSFTmax: 4.0 ± 2.62 h). HSYA exhibited much higher Cmax (PlasmaCmax: 9342.76 ± 2489.23 µg/L vs. CSFCmax: 98.08 ± 14.51 µg/L) and AUC0-t (PlasmaAUC0-t: 57490.5 ± 5560.3 µg h/L vs. CSFAUC0-t: 1851.6 ± 269.1 µg h/L), yet a shorter CL (PlasmaCL: 0.02 ± 0.002 L/h/kg vs. CSFCL: 0.55 ± 0.01 L/h/kg) in plasma than in CSF. The AUCCSF/AUCplasma of HSYA was almost 3.37%.In summary, the results demonstrate that part of HSYA come across blood-brain barrier after XBJ administration. This study provides evidence for better understanding the pharmacokinetics and potential for clinical guidance of XBJ for TBI treatment.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/metabolismo , Chalcona/análogos & derivados , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/metabolismo , Quinonas/metabolismo , Administração Intravenosa , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/sangue , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Chalcona/sangue , Chalcona/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Chalcona/metabolismo , Humanos , Farmacocinética , Quinonas/sangue , Quinonas/líquido cefalorraquidiano
13.
Chemistry ; 26(12): 2713-2718, 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814180

RESUMO

Human NAD(P)H: Quinone Oxidoreductase 1 (hNQO1) is an attractive enzyme for cancer therapeutics due to its significant overexpression in tumors compared to healthy tissues. Its unique catalytic mechanism involving the two-electron reduction of quinone-based compounds has made it a useful target to exploit in the design of hNQO1 fluorescent chemosensors and hNQO1-activatable-prodrugs. In this work, hNQO1 is exploited for an optical therapeutic. The probe uses the photosensitizer, phenalenone, which is initially quenched via photo-induced electron transfer by the attached quinone. Native phenalenone is liberated in the presence of hNQO1 resulting in the production of cytotoxic singlet oxygen upon irradiation. hNQO1-mediated activation in A549 lung cancer cells containing high levels of hNQO1 induces a dose-dependent photo-cytotoxic response after irradiation. In contrast, no photo-cytotoxicity was observed in the normal lung cell line, MRC9. By targeting hNQO1, this scaffold can be used to enhance the cancer selectivity of photodynamic therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , NAD(P)H Desidrogenase (Quinona)/química , NAD/metabolismo , Fenalenos/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , NAD(P)H Desidrogenase (Quinona)/farmacologia , Fenalenos/farmacologia , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Quinonas/metabolismo , Oxigênio Singlete/química
14.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(3): 415-418, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31821393

RESUMO

We report a novel 1,2-catechol based radioiodinated precursor for radioiodination of bicyclo[6.1.0]nonyne (BCN) installed biologically active molecules using a strain-promoted oxidation-controlled cyclooctyne-1,2-quinone cycloaddition reaction (SPOCQ) under ambient conditions. Compared to the reported methodologies, the new strategy demonstrates some clear advantages, including high in vitro and in vivo stability, high radiochemical yield, and exceptionally fast reaction kinetics at micro-molar concentration.


Assuntos
Reação de Cicloadição , Quinonas/química , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/química , Animais , Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/síntese química , Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/química , Catecóis/química , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Radioisótopos do Iodo/química , Marcação por Isótopo , Cinética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Oxirredução , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/síntese química , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único
15.
Environ Pollut ; 257: 113587, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801669

RESUMO

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are notorious environmental pollutants. For their hydrophobic and lipophilic capability, they are wildly spread to environment to threat human health thus attracts more attention. In this study, we observed increasing numbers of CD163 positive (CD163+) macrophages in aortic valve of ApoE-/- mice after 2,3,5-trichloro-6-phenyl-[1,4]-benzoquinone (PCB29-pQ) treatment, the metabolite of polychlorinated biphenyl. In addition, in vitro studies identified that PCB29-pQ exposure significantly provoked the shifting of RAW264.7 macrophages and bone marrow derived monocytes (BMDMs) to CD163+ macrophages. Upon PCB29-pQ administration, CD163 and CD206 levels were enhanced in RAW264.7 cells as well as in BMDMs. However, the concentration of iron and total cholesterol (TC) were reduced due to the boosting of ferroportin (Fpn) and ATP binding cassette transporter, subfamily A, member 1 (ABCA1) which are efflux transporters of iron and cholesterol individually. Further investigation on mechanism indicated that PCB29-pQ exposure induced reactive oxygen species (ROS), which may result in activation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), a protein responsible for macrophage polarization. After that, we blocked Nrf2 through Nrf2 shRNA and ROS scavenger NAC, which significantly reversed the shifting of macrophage to CD163+ sub-population. These results confirmed the importance of Nrf2 in inducing macrophage polarization. In short, our study uncovered that PCB29-pQ could promote macrophage/monocyte polarization to CD163+ macrophage which would be a potential incentive to accelerate atherosclerosis through Nrf2 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Benzoquinonas/toxicidade , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Bifenilos Policlorados/toxicidade , Animais , Humanos , Macrófagos , Camundongos , Quinonas , Transdução de Sinais
16.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(4): 727-732, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792599

RESUMO

A novel bacterial strain, named S23T, was isolated from chicken meat of local market in Korea. Cells were Gram-negative, milky-yellow colored, non-motile and coccobacillus. The strain was obligate aerobic and catalase-positive, oxidase-negative, optimum growth temperature and pH were 25 °C and pH 7.0, respectively. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain S23T belongs to the genus Acinetobacter and is most closely related to Acinetobacter defluvii KCTC 52503 T (97.40%). The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) value between strain S23T and its closet phylogenetic neighbors was below 76% and 17%, respectively. The G + C content of genomic DNA of strain S23T was 41.53 mol%. The major respiratory quinone was Q-9. The major cellular fatty acids were summed feature 3 (comprising C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c), C18:1ω9c, and C16:0. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanol-amine, and phosphatidylserine. The ANI and dDDH results and results of the genotypic analysis in combination with chemotaxonomic and physiological data demonstrated that strain S23T represented a novel species within the genus Acinetobacter, for which the name Acinetobacter pullicarnis sp. nov. is proposed. The strain type is S23T (= KACC 19921 T = JCM 33150 T).


Assuntos
Acinetobacter/classificação , Acinetobacter/genética , Galinhas/microbiologia , Carne/microbiologia , Acinetobacter/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Filogenia , Quinonas/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(2): 1288-1293, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778351

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, motile, facultative anaerobic rod-shaped marine bacterium, designated strain D4-2T, was isolated from a sample of seawater collected at Dong-do marina, Dokdo Island, in the East Sea of the Republic of Korea. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain D4-2T was affiliated with members of genus Shewanella and closely related to Shewanella intestini XMDDZSB0408T (97.4%), followed by Shewanella gelidii RZB5-4T (96.7 %) and Shewanella inventionis KX27T (96.1 %). D4-2T has a single circular chromosome of 4.72 Mbp with a DNA G+C content of 44.5 mol%. Average nucleotide identity (ANI) and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH) values between strain D4-2T and the previously mentioned type strains of species of the genus Shewanella were in range of 69-83.8 % and 20.5-21.7 %, respectively. Growth was observed at 10-36 °C (optimum 29-32 °C), at pH 6-9 (optimum pH 7), and with 1-6% NaCl (optimum 2%). The predominant fatty acids (>10 %) of D4-2T were iso-C15:0 and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c). The respiratory quinones were Q-7, Q-8, MK-7 and MMK-7. Phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified aminophospholipid, an unidentified aminolipid and four unidentified lipids were detected in D4-2T. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and molecular properties, D4-2T represents a novel species of the genus Shewanella, for which the name Shewanella maritima sp. nov. is proposed with D4-2T as the type strain (=KCTC 72040T=JCM 33294T).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Shewanella/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Quinonas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Shewanella/isolamento & purificação
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(2): 935-943, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730030

RESUMO

A polyphasic approach was used to investigate the taxonomic status of two bacterial strains, WS 5072T and WS 5092, isolated from skimmed milk concentrate and raw cow's milk. The 16S rRNA and rpoD gene sequences affiliated the strains to the same, hitherto unknown, Pseudomonas species. Further examinations of the draft genomes based on multilocus sequence analysis and average nucleotide identity confirmed the presence of a novel Pseudomonas species. It was most closely related to Pseudomonas fragi DSM 3456T with 86.3 % ANIm. The DNA G+C content of strain WS 5072T was 56.3 mol%. Cells were aerobic, Gram-negative, catalase and oxidase positive, rod-shaped and motile. Growth occurred at 4-34 °C, pH 5.5-8.0 and with salt concentrations of up to 7 %. The major cellular polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, and diphosphatidylglycerol. The dominating quinone was Q-9 with 94 %, with noticeable amounts of Q-8 (5 %) and traces of Q-7 and Q-10. Fatty acid profiles showed a composition common for Pseudomonas with the major component C16 : 0. Based on these results, the novel species Pseudomonas saxonica sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain WS 5072T (=DSM 108989T=LMG 31234T) and the additional strain WS 5092 (=DSM 108990=LMG 31235).


Assuntos
Microbiologia de Alimentos , Leite/microbiologia , Filogenia , Pseudomonas/classificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Bovinos , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Feminino , Genes Bacterianos , Alemanha , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pseudomonas/isolamento & purificação , Quinonas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
19.
Enzyme Microb Technol ; 132: 109414, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31731961

RESUMO

ß-glucosidase (BG) plays a key role in determining the efficiency of the enzymatic complex cellulase for the degradation of cellulose into sugars. It hydrolyses the cellobiose, an inhibitor of the enzymatic complex. Therefore, the immobilization of BG is a great challenge for the industrial application of cellulases. Cellulases usually contains a BG amount insufficient to avoid inhibition by cellobiose. Here the BG was immobilized by matrix assisted pulsed laser evaporation (MAPLE) technique. The frozen matrix was composed of water, water/m-DOPA and water/m-DOPA/quinone. The effect of the excipients on the final conformation of the enzyme after the MAPLE processing was determined. The enzyme secondary structure was studied by FTIR analysis. The catalytic performances of the deposited films were tested in the cellobiose hydrolysis reaction. The results demonstrate that the presence of the oxidized form of m-DOPA, the O-quinone form, can protect the protein native structure, with the laser inducing little or no damage. In fact, only the samples deposited from this target preserved the secondary structure of the polypeptide chain and allowed a complete hydrolysis of cellobiose for four consecutive runs, showing a high operational stability of the biocatalyst.


Assuntos
Benzoquinonas/metabolismo , Di-Hidroxifenilalanina/análogos & derivados , Di-Hidroxifenilalanina/metabolismo , beta-Glucosidase/metabolismo , Catálise , Celobiose/metabolismo , Celulase/metabolismo , Enzimas Imobilizadas/metabolismo , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Hidrólise , Complexos Multienzimáticos , Quinonas/metabolismo , Temperatura
20.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 106: 110230, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753349

RESUMO

There is an urgent need for new antibacterial strategies to overcome the emergence of antibiotic resistance. Antibacterial photodynamic therapy (APDT) may be an effective method to deliver photosensitizers for the treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections. Here, we report that the photosensitizer hypocrellin A (HA) loaded into lipase-sensitive methoxy poly (ethylene glycol)-block-poly(ε-caprolactone) (mPEG-PCL) micelles showed high anti-MRSA activity in vitro and in vivo by PDT. Once the micelles come into contact with bacteria that secrete lipase, the PCL is degraded to release HA. Our results showed that the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of mPEG-PCL/HA micelles after light irradiation were 0.69 and 1.38 mg/L (HA concentration), respectively. In the dark, the MIC and MBC of the micelles were 250 and 500 mg/L (HA concentration), respectively. The fluorescent stain results further demonstrated the photodynamic antibacterial activity of mPEG-PCL/HA micelles. The survival rate of mice subjected to experimental acute peritonitis increased to 86% after treated with the micelles. The polymeric micelles showed low hemolytic activity and biocompatibility, simultaneously preventing aggregation in vivo and enhancing the water solubility of HA. Thus, the photosensitizer HA loaded micelles could be used as APDT for infections caused by bacteria without antibiotic resistance.


Assuntos
Lipase/química , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/patogenicidade , Perileno/análogos & derivados , Polímeros/química , Quinonas/química , Quinonas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Feminino , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Micelas , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Perileno/química , Perileno/uso terapêutico , Fotoquimioterapia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA