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1.
Environ Pollut ; 266(Pt 1): 115342, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32805605

RESUMO

Although human exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) has been associated with in vivo oxidative damage, and hydroxyPAH metabolites have been used as biomarkers to assess PAH-induced oxidative stress, few studies have looked at the likely causative compounds for oxidative stress in humans - PAH quinones. We developed a method using pre-column derivatization - liquid chromatography-heated electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-HESI-MS/MS) to analyze ortho-phenanthrene quinones (PheQs) in human urine. 1,2-PheQ and 3,4-PheQ were identified and quantified in 3 mL of human urine; their total concentrations were higher in cigarette smokers (0.79 ± 0.98 nmol/6h urine) than in nonsmokers (0.20 ± 0.98 nmol/6h urine) (p < 0.01). The total of 1,2-PheQ and 3,4-PheQ were more strongly correlated with urinary (Z)-7-[1R,2R,3R,5S)-3,5-dihydroxy-2-[(E,3S)-3-hydroxyoct-1-enyl]cyclopentyl]hept-5-enoic acid (8-iso-PGF2α), a biomarker of lipid peroxidation (R2 = 0.53, p < 0.001), than the other phenanthrene metabolites including phenanthrene tetraol (PheT), phenanthrene-1,2-dihydrodiol (1,2-PheD), and total phenanthrene phenols (OHPhe), consistent with the concept that PheQs and likely other PAH quinones play a causal role in the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in humans. Thus, PheQs may be suitable as biomarkers to assess human exposure to oxygenated PAH and the subsequent oxidative damage. This study provides unique support, by analysis of human urinary metabolites, for the PAH quinone mediated oxidative damage hypothesis of PAH carcinogenesis.


Assuntos
Fenantrenos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Humanos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Quinonas , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
2.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4135, 2020 08 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32811817

RESUMO

Complex I is the first and the largest enzyme of respiratory chains in bacteria and mitochondria. The mechanism which couples spatially separated transfer of electrons to proton translocation in complex I is not known. Here we report five crystal structures of T. thermophilus enzyme in complex with NADH or quinone-like compounds. We also determined cryo-EM structures of major and minor native states of the complex, differing in the position of the peripheral arm. Crystal structures show that binding of quinone-like compounds (but not of NADH) leads to a related global conformational change, accompanied by local re-arrangements propagating from the quinone site to the nearest proton channel. Normal mode and molecular dynamics analyses indicate that these are likely to represent the first steps in the proton translocation mechanism. Our results suggest that quinone binding and chemistry play a key role in the coupling mechanism of complex I.


Assuntos
Complexo I de Transporte de Elétrons/química , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Quinonas/química , Thermus thermophilus/enzimologia , Regulação Alostérica , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Cristalografia por Raios X , Transporte de Elétrons/genética , Complexo I de Transporte de Elétrons/genética , Complexo I de Transporte de Elétrons/metabolismo , Complexo I de Transporte de Elétrons/ultraestrutura , Modelos Moleculares , NAD/química , NAD/metabolismo , Redes Neurais de Computação , Conformação Proteica , Prótons , Quinonas/metabolismo , Thermus thermophilus/genética
3.
Sci Total Environ ; 744: 140652, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32693271

RESUMO

Due to their wide-distribution, high-biocompatibility and low-cost, nature-derived quinone redox mediators (NDQRM) have shown great potential in bioremediation through mediating electron transfers between microorganisms and between microorganisms and contaminants in anaerobic biotransformation processes. It is obvious that their performance in bioremediation was limited by the availability of quinone-based groups in NDQRM. A sustainable solution is to enhance the electron transfer capacity and retention capacity by the modification of NDQRM. Therefore, this review comprehensively summarized the modification techniques of NDQRM according to their multiple roles in anaerobic biotransformation systems. In addition, their potential applications in greenhouse gas mitigation, contaminant degradation in anaerobic digestion, contaminant bioelectrochemical remediation and energy recovery were discussed. And the problems that need to be addressed in the future were pointed out. The obtained knowledge would promote the exploration of novel NDQRM, and provide suggestions for the design of anaerobic consortia in biotransformation systems.


Assuntos
Quinonas , Anaerobiose , Biodegradação Ambiental , Biotransformação , Oxirredução
4.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 202: 110859, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32574861

RESUMO

The effects of quinoid compounds on azo dyes decolorization were studied. Compared with other quinones, menadione was the most effective at aiding azo dye decolorization. Sodium formate was a suitable carbon source for the anaerobic decolorization system. Polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) analysis indicated that the microbial structure changed in response to varying carbon sources. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the anaerobic sludge was consisted mainly of nine genera. The mechanism studies showed that the biotransformation of menadione to its hydroquinone form was the rate-limiting step in the dye decolorization process. Moreover, study of the electron transfer mechanism of quinone-mediated reduction showed that azo dye decolorization is not a specific reaction. The NADH chain was involved in the decolorization process. The methane production test indicated that azo dyes had an inhibitory effect on methane production. However, supplementation with a redox mediator could recover the inhibited methanogenesis. High-throughput sequencing analysis revealed that the methanogenic archaeal community was altered in the anaerobic sludge with or without azo dyes and the redox mediator.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Quinonas/metabolismo , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Anaerobiose , Compostos Azo/química , Benzoquinonas , Biotransformação , Catálise , Corantes/química , Metano/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Filogenia , Quinonas/química , Esgotos
5.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234215, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32502195

RESUMO

Bacterial histidine kinases (HKs) are considered attractive drug targets because of their ability to govern adaptive responses coupled with their ubiquity. There are several classes of HK inhibitors; however, they suffer from drug resistance, poor bioavailability, and a lack of selectivity. The 3D structure of Staphylococcus aureus HK was not isolated in high-resolution coordinates, precluding further disclosure of structure-dependent binding to the specific antibiotics. To elucidate structure-dependent binding, the 3D structure of the catalytic domain WalK of S. aureus HK was constructed using homology modeling to investigate the WalK-ligand binding mechanisms through molecular docking studies and molecular dynamics simulations. The binding free energies of the waldiomycin and its methyl ester analog were calculated using molecular mechanics/generalized born surface area scoring. The key residues for protein-ligand binding were postulated. The structural divergence responsible for the 7.4-fold higher potency of waldiomycin than that of its ester analog was clearly observed. The optimized 3D macromolecule-ligand binding modes shed light on the S. aureus HK/WalK-ligand interactions that afford a means to assess binding affinity to design new HK/WalK inhibitors.


Assuntos
Ésteres/química , Histidina Quinase/química , Histidina Quinase/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Quinonas/química , Quinonas/metabolismo , Staphylococcus aureus/enzimologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Conformação Proteica , Termodinâmica
6.
Korean J Parasitol ; 58(2): 135-145, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418382

RESUMO

Infections caused by Trichomonas vaginalis in humans are one of the main public health problems caused by sexually transmitted diseases. Objective of this study was to evaluate potential biological activity of the medicinal plant Argemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) on T. vaginalis. Methanolic extracts of the stems and leaves of A. mexicana, and different fractions were prepared with solvents of different polarities. The extracts and functional groups were detected containing sterols, triterpenes, quinones, flavonoids and, alkaloids. Extracts from both the stems and leaves of A. mexicana inhibited the growth of T. vaginalis with half-maximal inhibitory concentration value of 70.6 and 67.2 µg/ml, respectively. In the active fractions, the most abundant compounds were berberine and jatrorrhizine, with presumed antiparasitic activity.


Assuntos
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Trichomonas vaginalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Trichomonas vaginalis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Vacinas Bacterianas , Ciclofosfamida , Depressão Química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Doxorrubicina , Fluoruracila , Técnicas In Vitro , Leucovorina , Metanol , Extratos Vegetais/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Caules de Planta/química , Quinonas , Esteróis , Triterpenos
7.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(23): 12624-12635, 2020 06 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32434915

RESUMO

In oxygenic photosynthesis, light-driven oxidation of water to molecular oxygen is carried out by the oxygen-evolving complex (OEC) in photosystem II (PS II). Recently, we reported the room-temperature structures of PS II in the four (semi)stable S-states, S1, S2, S3, and S0, showing that a water molecule is inserted during the S2 → S3 transition, as a new bridging O(H)-ligand between Mn1 and Ca. To understand the sequence of events leading to the formation of this last stable intermediate state before O2 formation, we recorded diffraction and Mn X-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) data at several time points during the S2 → S3 transition. At the electron acceptor site, changes due to the two-electron redox chemistry at the quinones, QA and QB, are observed. At the donor site, tyrosine YZ and His190 H-bonded to it move by 50 µs after the second flash, and Glu189 moves away from Ca. This is followed by Mn1 and Mn4 moving apart, and the insertion of OX(H) at the open coordination site of Mn1. This water, possibly a ligand of Ca, could be supplied via a "water wheel"-like arrangement of five waters next to the OEC that is connected by a large channel to the bulk solvent. XES spectra show that Mn oxidation (τ of ∼350 µs) during the S2 → S3 transition mirrors the appearance of OX electron density. This indicates that the oxidation state change and the insertion of water as a bridging atom between Mn1 and Ca are highly correlated.


Assuntos
Fotossíntese , Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema II/metabolismo , Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Magnésio/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Fótons , Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema II/química , Quinonas/metabolismo , Água/metabolismo
8.
Br J Radiol ; 93(1111): 20200034, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374626

RESUMO

Necrosis plays vital roles in living organisms which is related closely with various diseases. Non-invasively necrotic imaging can be of great values in clinical decision-making, evaluation of individualized treatment responses, and prediction of patient prognosis. This narrative review will demonstrate how the evolution of quinones for necrotic imaging has been promoted by searching for their active centers. In this review, we summarized the recent developments of various quinones with the continuous simplified π-conjugated cores in necrotic imaging and speculated their possible molecular mechanisms might be attributed to their intercalations with exposed DNA in necrotic tissues. We discussed their clinical challenges of necrotic imaging with quinones and their future translation studies deserved to be explored in personalized patient treatment.


Assuntos
Sondas Moleculares , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Necrose/diagnóstico por imagem , Quinonas , Animais , Antraquinonas/química , Células/patologia , DNA/análise , Humanos , Sondas Moleculares/química , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Naftoquinonas/química , Quinonas/química , Quinonas/classificação , Ratos
9.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(20): 10818-10824, 2020 05 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32371483

RESUMO

Recent advances in neutron crystallographic studies have provided structural bases for quantum behaviors of protons observed in enzymatic reactions. Thus, we resolved the neutron crystal structure of a bacterial copper (Cu) amine oxidase (CAO), which contains a prosthetic Cu ion and a protein-derived redox cofactor, topa quinone (TPQ). We solved hitherto unknown structures of the active site, including a keto/enolate equilibrium of the cofactor with a nonplanar quinone ring, unusual proton sharing between the cofactor and the catalytic base, and metal-induced deprotonation of a histidine residue that coordinates to the Cu. Our findings show a refined active-site structure that gives detailed information on the protonation state of dissociable groups, such as the quinone cofactor, which are critical for catalytic reactions.


Assuntos
Amina Oxidase (contendo Cobre)/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Quinonas/química , Domínio Catalítico , Coenzimas/química , Difração de Nêutrons , Prótons
10.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0231965, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32324772

RESUMO

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram-negative γ-proteobacterium that forms part of the normal human microbiota and it is also an opportunistic pathogen, responsible for 30% of all nosocomial urinary tract infections. P. aeruginosa carries a highly branched respiratory chain that allows the colonization of many environments, such as the urinary tract, catheters and other medical devices. P. aeruginosa respiratory chain contains three different NADH dehydrogenases (complex I, NQR and NDH-2), whose physiologic roles have not been elucidated, and up to five terminal oxidases: three cytochrome c oxidases (COx), a cytochrome bo3 oxidase (CYO) and a cyanide-insensitive cytochrome bd-like oxidase (CIO). In this work, we studied the composition of the respiratory chain of P. aeruginosa cells cultured in Luria Broth (LB) and modified artificial urine media (mAUM), to understand the metabolic adaptations of this microorganism to the growth in urine. Our results show that the COx oxidases play major roles in mAUM, while P. aeruginosa relies on CYO when growing in LB medium. Moreover, our data demonstrate that the proton-pumping NQR complex is the main NADH dehydrogenase in both LB and mAUM. This enzyme is resistant to HQNO, an inhibitory molecule produced by P. aeruginosa, and may provide an advantage against the natural antibacterial agents produced by this organism. This work offers a clear picture of the composition of this pathogen's aerobic respiratory chain and the main roles that NQR and terminal oxidases play in urine, which is essential to understand its physiology and could be used to develop new antibiotics against this notorious multidrug-resistant microorganism.


Assuntos
Materiais Biomiméticos , Meios de Cultura , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/metabolismo , Urina , Aerobiose , Transporte de Elétrons , NADH Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Quinonas/metabolismo
11.
Food Chem ; 322: 126754, 2020 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32283367

RESUMO

During storage of coffee, the key aroma 2-furfurylthiol becomes less active, the mechanisms of this loss and ways to mitigate it were investigated. Aroma profiles were analyzed using GC-MS and sensory properties were evaluated by Quantitative Descriptive Analysis. Quinones, as the oxidation products of hydroxydroquinone, was found to actively bind 2-furfurylthiol, which accounted for the loss of 2-furfurylthiol. To mitigate this loss, ingredients were screened for their ability to prevent 2-furfurylthiol from loss. Cysteine had the highest 2-furfurylthiol releasing efficiency and ascorbic acid was also selected due to its 2-furfurylthiol releasing ability in Fenton reaction system. Concentrations were optimized and the addition of 0.045 g/L cysteine and 0.05 g/L ascorbic acid directly protected aroma during storage, these included 2-furfurylthiol, dimethyltrisulfide, methyl furfuryl disulfide, 4-ethylguaiacol and 4-vinylguaiacol. Ultimately, sensory testing showed a direct enhancement in nutty, sulfurous and roasted aroma attributes, an increase in flavour intensity and preference over shelf life.


Assuntos
Café/química , Furanos/metabolismo , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Compostos de Sulfidrila/metabolismo , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Ácido Ascórbico/química , Café/metabolismo , Culinária/métodos , Cisteína/química , Armazenamento de Alimentos , Furanos/química , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Quinonas/química , Quinonas/metabolismo , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Paladar , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/química
12.
Food Chem ; 317: 126454, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32113140

RESUMO

The reaction efficiency of o-benzoquinones with amines (L-lysine, Nα-acetyl-L-lysine, glycine, L-methionine and L-arginine), thiols (L-cysteine and Nα-acetyl-L-cysteine) and protein (bovine serum albumin) were determined at pH 5.0, 7.0 and 8.0 and scan rate of 10, 50 and 100 mV/s by cyclic voltammetry. Nucleophiles containing multiple nucleophilic groups and nucleophilic group possessing low pKa value would enhance the reactivity of nucleophiles towards o-benzoquinones. The reactivity of different o-benzoquinones with L-lysine/L-cysteine followed the order: protocatechuic acid quinone ≈ catechol quinone > 4-methylbenzoquinone ≈ caffeic acid quinone > rosmarinic acid quinone > chlorogenic acid quinone. The reactivity of quinones would be decreased by the steric hindrance of substituents on quinone ring, and it would also be weakened by enhancing electron cloud density of quinone ring. Adducts generated by the interaction of 4-methylbenzoquinone with amines and thiols were tentatively identified as amine-quinone adduct and thiol-phenol adduct respectively by UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS and cyclic voltammetry.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/química , Benzoquinonas/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Aminas/química , Catecóis/química , Cromatografia Líquida , Cisteína/química , Hidroxibenzoatos/química , Fenóis , Quinonas/química , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
13.
Biochim Biophys Acta Proteins Proteom ; 1868(6): 140412, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32179183

RESUMO

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are zinc-dependent extracellular matrix remodeling endopeptidases. MMPs cleave various matrix proteins such as collagen, elastin, gelatin and casein. MMPs are often implicated in pathological processes, such as cancer progression including metastasis. Meanwhile, microorganisms produce various secondary metabolites having unique structures. We designed and synthesized dehydroxymethylepoxyquinomicin (DHMEQ) based on the structure of epoxyquinomicin C derived from Amycolatopsis as an inhibitor of NF-κB. This compound inhibited cancer cell migration and invasion. Since DHMEQ is comparatively unstable in the body, we designed and synthesized a stable DHMEQ analog, SEMBL. SEMBL also inhibited cancer cell migration and invasion. We also looked for inhibitors of cancer cell migration and invasion from microbial culture filtrates. As a result, we isolated a known compound, ketomycin, from Actinomycetes. DHMEQ, SEMBL, and ketomycin are all NF-κB inhibitors, and inhibited the expression of MMPs in the inhibition of cellular migration and invasion. These are all compounds with comparatively low toxicity, and may be useful for the development of anti-metastasis agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzamidas/antagonistas & inibidores , Cicloexanonas/antagonistas & inibidores , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/efeitos dos fármacos , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/efeitos dos fármacos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Actinobacteria/metabolismo , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Benzamidas/síntese química , Benzamidas/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cicloexanonas/síntese química , Glioxilatos/antagonistas & inibidores , Glioxilatos/metabolismo , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 11 da Matriz/efeitos dos fármacos , Metaloproteinase 11 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/efeitos dos fármacos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/efeitos dos fármacos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Subunidade p50 de NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Invasividade Neoplásica , Neoplasias , Quinonas/química
14.
Chemosphere ; 252: 126573, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32220725

RESUMO

The interaction-based oxidative potential (OPint) represents the prediction of binary mixture effects distinguishing from linear additivity by including information on binary mixtures among PM components. The objective of this work is to develope a reliable estimate on the possible synergistic or antagonistic possibility of binary PM components and to quantify the combined effect. We firstly assessed the interactions among PM components in generating the OP based on DTT consumption rate and AA depletion. We started with the standard solution sequence (from 0.005 to 10 µM), including quinones (PQ, 1,2-NQ, and 1,4-NQ) and metals (Cu, Mn, and Fe). The interactions between metals were antagonistic interactions in DTT consumption. Cu showed antagonistic interaction with PQ, but additive with 1,2-NQ and 1,4-NQ. Mn interacted synergistically with 1,4-NQ in DTT consumption but antagonistically with PQ (where CPQ < 2.5 µM) and 1,4-NQ (where CPQ < 2 µM). Fe showed synergistic with quinones in investigated concentration range (from 0.01 to 5 µM). Finally, applying a moderate approach, on the basis of interaction magnitude (M = 5), resulted in 1-17% higher environmental risks, compared with the classical calculation method using simple addition. This work highlights a new approach to quantify the interaction effects between metals and quinones in PM components, and apportioning the components' contributions for PM OP.


Assuntos
Aerossóis/química , Material Particulado/química , Monitoramento Ambiental , Metais , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo , Quinonas
15.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(8): 2506-2515, 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013414

RESUMO

Thiol groups of cysteine (Cys) residues in proteins react with quinones, oxidation products of polyphenols, to form protein-polyphenol adducts. The aim of the present work was to quantify the amount of adduct formed between Cys residues and 4-methylcatechol (4MC) in minced beef. A Cys-4MC adduct standard was electrochemically synthesized and characterized by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) as well as NMR spectroscopy. Cys-4MC adducts were quantified after acidic hydrolysis of myofibrillar protein isolates (MPIs) and LC-MS/MS analysis of meat containing either 500 or 1500 ppm 4MC and stored at 4 °C for 7 days under a nitrogen or oxygen atmosphere. The concentrations of Cys-4MC were found to be 2.2 ± 0.3 nmol/mg MPI and 8.1 ± 0.9 nmol/mg MPI in meat containing 500 and 1500 ppm 4MC, respectively, and stored for 7 days under oxygen. The formation of the Cys-4MC adduct resulted in protein thiol loss, and ca. 62% of the thiol loss was estimated to account for the formation of the Cys-4MC adduct for meat containing 1500 ppm 4MC. Furthermore, protein polymerization increased in samples containing 4MC as evaluated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), and the polymerization was found to originate from protein-polyphenol interactions as evaluated by a blotting assay with staining by nitroblue tetrazolium.


Assuntos
Cisteína/química , Guaiacol/química , Carne/análise , Fenol/química , Animais , Bovinos , Proteínas Musculares/química , Oxirredução , Quinonas/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
16.
mBio ; 11(1)2020 02 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32098824

RESUMO

Eutrophication and deoxygenation possibly occur in coastal waters due to excessive nutrients from agricultural and aquacultural activities, leading to sulfide accumulation. Cyanobacteria, as photosynthetic prokaryotes, play significant roles in carbon fixation in the ocean. Although some cyanobacteria can use sulfide as the electron donor for photosynthesis under anaerobic conditions, little is known on how they interact with sulfide under aerobic conditions. In this study, we report that Synechococcus sp. strain PCC7002 (PCC7002), harboring an sqr gene encoding sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase (SQR), oxidized self-produced sulfide to S0, present as persulfide and polysulfide in the cell. The Δsqr mutant contained less cellular S0 and had increased expression of key genes involved in photosynthesis, but it was less competitive than the wild type in cocultures. Further, PCC7002 with SQR and persulfide dioxygenase (PDO) oxidized exogenous sulfide to tolerate high sulfide levels. Thus, SQR offers some benefits to cyanobacteria even under aerobic conditions, explaining the common presence of SQR in cyanobacteria.IMPORTANCE Cyanobacteria are a major force for primary production via oxygenic photosynthesis in the ocean. A marine cyanobacterium, PCC7002, is actively involved in sulfide metabolism. It uses SQR to detoxify exogenous sulfide, enabling it to survive better than its Δsqr mutant in sulfide-rich environments. PCC7002 also uses SQR to oxidize endogenously generated sulfide to S0, which is required for the proper expression of key genes involved in photosynthesis. Thus, SQR has at least two physiological functions in PCC7002. The observation provides a new perspective for the interplays of C and S cycles.


Assuntos
Quinona Redutases/metabolismo , Quinonas/metabolismo , Sulfetos/metabolismo , Enxofre/metabolismo , Synechococcus/enzimologia , Synechococcus/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Clorofila , Dioxigenases , Escherichia coli/genética , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Fotossíntese/fisiologia , Quinona Redutases/genética , Synechococcus/genética , Transcriptoma
17.
Biochim Biophys Acta Bioenerg ; 1861(5-6): 148173, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059842

RESUMO

Infrared absorption bands associated with the neutral state of quinones in the A1 binding site in photosystem I (PSI) have been difficult to identify in the past. This problem is addressed here, where time-resolved step-scan FTIR difference spectroscopy at 77 K has been used to study PSI with six different quinones incorporated into the A1 binding site. (P700+A1- - P700A1) and (A1- - A1) FTIR difference spectra (DS) were obtained for PSI with the different quinones incorporated, and several double-difference spectra (DDS) were constructed from the DS. From analysis of the DS and DDS, in combination with density functional theory based vibrational frequency calculations of the quinones, the neutral state bands of the incorporated quinones are identified and assigned. For neutral PhQ in the A1 binding site, infrared absorption bands were identified near 1665 and 1635 cm-1, that are due to the C1O and C4O stretching vibrations of the incorporated PhQ, respectively. These assignments indicate a 30 cm-1 separation between the C1O and C4O modes, considerably less than the ~80 cm-1 found for similar modes of PhQ-. The C4O mode downshifts due to hydrogen bonding, so the suggestion is that hydrogen bonding is weaker for the neutral state compared to the anion state, indicating radical-induced proton dynamics associated with the quinone in the A1 binding site in PSI.


Assuntos
Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema I/química , Quinonas/química , Amidas/química , Ânions , Sítios de Ligação , Isótopos de Carbono , Transporte de Elétrons , Ésteres/química , Modelos Moleculares , Fotossíntese , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Fatores de Tempo , Vibração
18.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(3): 557-568, 2020 01 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894828

RESUMO

The isoquinolinequinone (IQQ) pharmacophore is a privileged framework in known cytotoxic natural product families, caulibugulones and mansouramycins. Exploiting both families as a chemical starting point, we report on the structured development of an IQQ N-oxide anticancer framework which exhibits growth inhibition in the nM range across melanoma, ovarian and leukaemia cancer cell lines. A new lead compound (16, R6 = benzyl, R7 = H) exhibits nM GI50 values against 31/57 human tumour cell lines screened as part of the NCI60 panel and shows activity against doxorubicin resistant tumour cell lines. An electrochemical study highlights a correlation between electropositivity of the IQQ N-oxide framework and cytotoxicity. Adduct binding to sulfur based biological nucleophiles glutathione and cysteine was observed in vitro. This new framework possesses significant anticancer potential.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Óxidos N-Cíclicos/farmacologia , Isoquinolinas/farmacologia , Quinonas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Benzilaminas/síntese química , Benzilaminas/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Óxidos N-Cíclicos/síntese química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Isoquinolinas/síntese química , Quinonas/síntese química
19.
Curr Med Chem ; 27(8): 1243-1307, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931690

RESUMO

This review covers recent literature from 2012-2019 concerning 170 marine natural products and their semisynthetic analogues with strong anticancer biological activities. Reports that shed light on cellular and molecular mechanisms and biological functions of these compounds, thus advancing the understanding in cancer biology are also included. Biosynthetic studies and total syntheses, which have provided access to derivatives and have contributed to the proper structure or stereochemistry elucidation or revision are mentioned. The natural compounds isolated from marine organisms are divided into nine groups, namely: alkaloids, sterols and steroids, glycosides, terpenes and terpenoids, macrolides, polypeptides, quinones, phenols and polyphenols, and miscellaneous products. An emphasis is placed on several drugs originating from marine natural products that have already been marketed or are currently in clinical trials.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos , Organismos Aquáticos , Estrutura Molecular , Quinonas , Terpenos
20.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(4): 727-732, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792599

RESUMO

A novel bacterial strain, named S23T, was isolated from chicken meat of local market in Korea. Cells were Gram-negative, milky-yellow colored, non-motile and coccobacillus. The strain was obligate aerobic and catalase-positive, oxidase-negative, optimum growth temperature and pH were 25 °C and pH 7.0, respectively. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain S23T belongs to the genus Acinetobacter and is most closely related to Acinetobacter defluvii KCTC 52503 T (97.40%). The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) value between strain S23T and its closet phylogenetic neighbors was below 76% and 17%, respectively. The G + C content of genomic DNA of strain S23T was 41.53 mol%. The major respiratory quinone was Q-9. The major cellular fatty acids were summed feature 3 (comprising C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c), C18:1ω9c, and C16:0. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanol-amine, and phosphatidylserine. The ANI and dDDH results and results of the genotypic analysis in combination with chemotaxonomic and physiological data demonstrated that strain S23T represented a novel species within the genus Acinetobacter, for which the name Acinetobacter pullicarnis sp. nov. is proposed. The strain type is S23T (= KACC 19921 T = JCM 33150 T).


Assuntos
Acinetobacter/classificação , Acinetobacter/genética , Galinhas/microbiologia , Carne/microbiologia , Acinetobacter/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Filogenia , Quinonas/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
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