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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 4843-4856, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878772

RESUMO

Aberrant fatty acid (FA) metabolism has long been recognized in colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. Since de novo lipogenesis is required for CRC tumour growth and survival, the inhibition of FA metabolism is a promising potential therapeutic target. Inhibition of the opposite process, ß-oxidation of FAs, has also showed promising results in many CRC models. For patients with CRC, both FA synthesis and ß-oxidation inhibitors are promising potential therapeutic options as monotherapies or as combination therapies with other anticancer agents. In this review, we discuss recent reports concerning inhibitors of FA synthesis and ß-oxidation in various CRC models. The exact mechanisms of action of the selected compounds described in this review remain unknown and require precise evaluation before the development of new successful therapies for CRC is possible.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Oxirredução/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 49(4): 554-560, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928354

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the nutritional composition of fatty acids in freshwater products in Hunan Province. METHODS: The edible parts of freshwater products were detected by gas chromatography, and fatty acid fingerprints were obtained by statistical analysis. RESULTS: A total of 18 freshwater products were monitored and 14-26 fatty acids were detected in each freshwater product. Among them, 12 were saturated fatty acids(SFA), ranging from 0. 74 to 3143 mg/100 g, 9 were monounsaturated fatty acids(MUFA), ranging from 1. 23 to 2790 mg/100 g, and 10 were polyunsaturated fatty acids(PUFA), ranging from 1. 75 to 2832 mg/100 g. The ratio of n-6 to n-3 in polyunsaturated fatty acids ranged from 0. 24∶1 to 15. 7∶1. CONCLUSION: The composition of fatty acids in freshwater products in Hunan Province is mainly unsaturated fatty acids. Most freshwater products are rich in n-3 PUFA, and the ratio of n-6 PUFA to n-3 PUFA is less than 6, which is beneficial to the nutritional balance. The composition and content of fatty acids have ideal nutritional value.


Assuntos
Gorduras na Dieta/análise , Ácidos Graxos , Ácidos Graxos Monoinsaturados , Ácidos Graxos Insaturados , Água Doce
3.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4774-4781, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32744986

RESUMO

Three strains of a Gram-stain-positive, catalase-negative, facultative anaerobic, and coccoid species were isolated from German bulk tank milk. Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the three strains (WS4937T, WS4759 and WS5303) constitute an independent phylogenetic lineage within the family Aerococcaceae with Facklamia hominis CCUG 36813T (93.7-94.1 %) and Eremococcus coleocola M1831/95/2T (93.5 %) as most closely related type species. The unclassified strains demonstrated variable growth with 6.5 % (w/v) NaCl and tolerated pH 6.5-9.5. Growth was observed from 12 to 39 °C. Their cell-wall peptidoglycan belongs to the A1α type (l-Lys-direct) consisting of alanine, glutamic acid and lysine. The predominant fatty acids were C16 : 1 ω9c, C16 : 0 and C18 : 1 ω9c and in the polar lipids profile three glycolipids, a phospholipid, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphoglycolipid and diphosphatidylglycerol were found. The G+C content of strain WS4937T was 37.4 mol% with a genome size of ~3.0 Mb. Based on phylogenetic, phylogenomic and biochemical characterizations, the isolates can be demarcated from all other genera of the family Aerococcaceae and, therefore, the novel genus Fundicoccus gen. nov. is proposed. The type species of the novel genus is Fundicoccus ignavus gen. nov., sp. nov. WS4937T (=DSM 109652T=LMG 31441T).


Assuntos
Aerococcaceae/classificação , Leite/microbiologia , Filogenia , Aerococcaceae/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
4.
Georgian Med News ; (303): 161-167, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32841199

RESUMO

The review summarizes the current knowledge about inborn errors of fatty acid metabolism (disorders of carnitine transport and mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation), characterized by high mortality, predominant damage of the central nervous system, heart, liver and skeletal muscles. The article presents the main clinical genetic features of diseases this group. After the introduction of newborn screening using the tandem mass-spectrometry (MS/MS), early identification of fatty acid metabolism defects became possible. Using of MS/MS method is promising for mass newborn screening. Early identification and accordingly timely initiated treatment prevents unfavorable outcome. Moreover, a specified medical-genetic diagnosis allows further prenatal diagnosis of pathology in subsequent pregnancies.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo , Triagem Neonatal , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Mitocôndrias , Oxirredução , Gravidez
5.
Orv Hetil ; 161(35): 1456-1465, 2020 08.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32822324

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Fatty liver can develop as a result of diseases, surgical procedures, medicaments, malnutrition or excessive alcohol consumption, however, fat and poor fiber feeding can be attributed as the primary cause. Non-alcoholic fatty liver can be found in 20-30% of the population. Generally, alimentary-induced fatty liver in early state is described as uncomplicated liver injury. AIM: The aim of our research was to study the effect of fat rich nutrition on the gut-liver axis by routine laboratory, analytical and histological methods in rats. METHODS: We also examined the redox parameters of the liver and of the bowel. Fatty acid composition and element content of liver were measured. RESULTS: Significant changes were found in parameters of redox homeostasis as well as alterations in liver enzymes and metabolites. The changes could be detected in the liver, blood and bowel parts. The development of fatty liver is associated with the decrease of transmethylation capacity. Fatty acid composition and metal ion homeostasis were also altered in liver. Histological examinations showed that hepatocytes were swollen in the central part of the liver lobules, showed droplets and pycnotic nuclei, which were characterized by fatty degeneration. Small and large bowel enterocytes were damaged, sometimes pushed from the surface, and sometimes inflammatory reactions in the mucous membrane were observed. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that alimentary fatty liver in early state is not considered simply as a reversible alteration because it alters the entire body's redox homeostasis and establishes heart and serious metabolic diseases as well as hasten the development of gastrointestinal tumors. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(35): 1456-1465.


Assuntos
Dieta Hiperlipídica , Inflamação/patologia , Fígado/patologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Animais , Ácidos Graxos , Hepatócitos , Intestinos/patologia , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Ratos
8.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3897, 2020 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32753587

RESUMO

Lipo-chitooligosaccharides (LCOs) are signaling molecules produced by rhizobial bacteria that trigger the nodulation process in legumes, and by some fungi that also establish symbiotic relationships with plants, notably the arbuscular and ecto mycorrhizal fungi. Here, we show that many other fungi also produce LCOs. We tested 59 species representing most fungal phyla, and found that 53 species produce LCOs that can be detected by functional assays and/or by mass spectroscopy. LCO treatment affects spore germination, branching of hyphae, pseudohyphal growth, and transcription in non-symbiotic fungi from the Ascomycete and Basidiomycete phyla. Our findings suggest that LCO production is common among fungi, and LCOs may function as signals regulating fungal growth and development.


Assuntos
Quitina/análogos & derivados , Quitina/metabolismo , Fungos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fungos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Ascomicetos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Basidiomycota/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ecologia , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Micorrizas/fisiologia , Rhizobium/metabolismo , Esporos Fúngicos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Simbiose/fisiologia
9.
Sci Total Environ ; 737: 140275, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32783858

RESUMO

Traditional autotrophic microalgae exhibit low rates of organic carbon assimilation and conversion to useful compounds when switching to mixotrophic or heterotrophic growth. The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of inorganic carbon limitation on the efficiency of organic carbon (glycerol) assimilation and conversion to total fatty acids (TFAs) or the long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). An oleaginous Monodus subterraneus was selected and six cultivation conditions were set, including Autotrophy-no aeration, Autotrophy-aeration, Mixotrophy-no aeration, Mixotrophy-no aeration & no Na2CO3, Mixotrophy-aeration, and Heterotrophy. The results showed M. subterraneus could utilize glycerol and grow under mixotrophic condition, while it was not occurred under heterotrophy. Superiority of mixotrophy to autotrophy on biomass productivity was more obvious under inorganic carbon limitation (no aeration or no Na2CO3) than inorganic carbon supply (aeration and existing Na2CO3 in the medium). CO2 limitation (no aeration) decreased content (of dry weight) and production (in medium) of TFAs, which was not evident in mixotrophy. CO2 limitation and inorganic carbon substrate stress largely improved the COD yield of TFAs and EPA under mixotrophic condition. TFA yield (%COD) under Mixotrophy-no aeration & no Na2CO3 was maximum (22.82%), and was almost two-fold higher than that under Mixotrophy-no aeration and nearly three-fold higher than that with Mixotrophy-aeration. EPA yield (% COD) under mixotrophy-no aeration & no Na2CO3 was maximum (6.58%). These results suggested that inorganic carbon limitation is a potentially useful method to enhance conversion of organic carbon to TFAs. Furthermore, the results suggest an application to obtain high value compounds (TFAs or EPA) combined with a high assimilation rate of waste glycerol from biodiesel and epichlorohydrin production by microalgae.


Assuntos
Microalgas , Estramenópilas , Biomassa , Carbono , Ácidos Graxos , Processos Heterotróficos
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4576-4582, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32735207

RESUMO

A strain of an obligately anaerobic, Gram-stain-negative rod-shaped bacterium is described by phenotypical, biochemical and genotypical characterization. This strain A2879T was isolated from an abscess swab of a patient sampled during routine care at hospital. Phylogenetic analyses (full-length 16S rRNA gene and whole-genome sequence) revealed the strain to belong to the genus Prevotella, but to be distant from recognized species, with the closest relationship to Prevotella veroralis. Unambiguous identification also proved possible by MALDI-TOF MS. The genomic DNA G+C content was 41.5 mol%. Strain A2879T was moderately saccharolytic and proteolytic. The most abundant cellular long-chain fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C15 : 0. In view of these data, strain A2879T is considered to represent a novel species within the genus Prevotella, for which the name Prevotella vespertina sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is A2879T (=DSM 108027T=CCOS 1233T=CCUG72808T). As this strain has been isolated from a clinical sample, it is considered relevant for human medicine and health in general, and in particular for the fields of clinical microbiology and infectious diseases. This description will enable routine and research laboratories alike to easily identify the novel taxon, allowing its role in the context of human health and disease or microbiota to be further elucidated.


Assuntos
Abscesso/microbiologia , Filogenia , Prevotella/classificação , Adulto , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Prevotella/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
11.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 92(suppl 1): e20190649, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756847

RESUMO

Evaluated lipid and cholesterol concentration and fatty acid profile of raw breast, thigh and drumstick meat from broilers raised in different rearing systems. Were used 200 male broiler carcasses from four different rearing systems (n=50 from conventional intensive; n=50 from organic; n=50 from free-range; and n=50 from antibiotic-free) distributed in a completely randomized design with four rearing systems and 50 replications (carcasses). Breast meat from conventional broilers showed higher lipid (1.47) and cholesterol (34.13) concentration. Thigh and drumstick meat from free-range broilers had higher lipid (7.53/4.73) and cholesterol (45.55/53.65) concentration. Fat contained in breast, thigh and drumstick meat from free-range broilers showed higher levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Fat from breast and thigh meat from free-range broilers showed higher total concentration of ω3 and ω6 fatty acids. Fat from thigh meat from organic broilers showed higher levels of EPA (C20:5n3) and DHA (C22:6n3). Fat from drumstick meat from free-range broilers showed higher total concentration of ω3 and ω6 fatty acids. Meat from chickens raised in alternative rearing systems offers less risk to cardiovascular health because it presents lower concentrations of lipids and cholesterol, greater amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids, which are beneficial for human health.


Assuntos
Ração Animal , Galinhas , Animais , Colesterol , Ácidos Graxos , Masculino , Carne
12.
Waste Manag ; 113: 478-487, 2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615515

RESUMO

This research proposes and demonstrates, for the first time, the utilization of swine manure as a complex feedstock to produce high-value medium chain fatty acids (MCFA). The two-stage anaerobic digestion (AD) carboxylates platform was adopted for the conversion of swine manure to short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) and then SCFAs to MCFA (n-caproate, n-heptanoate, and n-caprylate) with ethanol supplementation. We defined the appropriate initial pH of 10.0 for SCFAs production with a carbon conversion rate of 71.2%, and acetate, propionate were the main products, which accounted for around 72.9% of the total SCFAs in the primary stage (I). Through the addition of ethanol, 61.3% of the converted carbon in the complex SCFAs solution was converted into MCFA (C6-C8) in the chain elongation stage (II), while only 6.7% was attributed to methane formation. The concentrations of n-caproate, n-heptanoate, and n-caprylate reached 8.6 g COD/L (3.9 g/L), 6.4 g COD/L (2.7 g/L), and 2.6 g COD/L (1.07 g/L), respectively. This study achieved a relatively higher concentration of n-heptanoate compared with past studies of MCFA from other feedstock. These findings demonstrated a new route for resource recovery and the operating parameters for producing MCFA from swine manure.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Esterco , Anaerobiose , Animais , Reatores Biológicos , Etanol , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis , Fermentação , Metano , Suínos
13.
mBio ; 11(4)2020 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32703911

RESUMO

There is high mortality in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-infected individuals with chronic inflammatory diseases, like obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. A cytokine storm in some patients after infection contributes to this mortality. In addition to lungs, the intestine is targeted during COVID-19 infection. The intestinal membrane serves as a barrier to prevent leakage of microorganisms and their products into the bloodstream; however, dietary fats can affect the gut microbiome and may increase intestinal permeability. In obese or diabetic individuals, there is an increase in the abundance of either Gram-negative bacteria in the gut or their product, endotoxin, in systemic circulation. We speculate that when the COVID-19 infection localizes in the intestine and when the permeability properties of the intestinal membrane are compromised, an inflammatory response is generated when proinflammatory endotoxin, produced by resident Gram-negative bacteria, leaks into the systemic circulation. This review discusses conditions contributing to inflammation that are triggered by microbially derived factors from the gut.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Gorduras na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Ácidos Graxos/administração & dosagem , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Animais , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/etiologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Humanos , Inflamação/etiologia , Camundongos , Pandemias
14.
Bioresour Technol ; 314: 123746, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32622282

RESUMO

Nowadays, single cell oil (SCO) can play two distinct roles, first as a supplier of functional oils, and second as a feedstock for the biodiesel industry. These two distinct functions require a different fatty acids (FA) profile in the lipid pool. Moreover, to exploit their potential for industrialization, it is necessary to employ a low-cost substrate. Crude glycerol is the main side-product of biodiesel production. This renewable feedstock is one of Yarrowia lipolytica favorable substrates. In this study we improved polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) synthesis by overexpression of the glycerol phosphate acyltransferase gene (SCT1). Here, we established a method to alter the quantity and FA composition of SCO. The engineered strain showed a 10-fold improvement (>20%) in linoleic acid synthesis (C18:2) in a shake-flask experiment. In a fermenter study co-overexpression of glycerol kinase (GUT1) and SCT1 allowed for 3-fold improvement in C18:2 synthesis from crude glycerol and at low pH.


Assuntos
Yarrowia , Biocombustíveis , Ácidos Graxos , Glicerol , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4555-4561, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32721276

RESUMO

A yellowish-brown-coloured bacterium, designated strain JGD-17T, was isolated from a tidal flat of Janggu-do, Garorim bay, Taean-gun, Chungcheongbuk-do, Republic of Korea. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-flagellated and long-rod-shaped. Growth was observed at 20-45 °C (optimum, 25-30 °C), at pH 6.0-10.0 (9.0) and with 1-5 % (w/v) NaCl (1-3 %). Results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain JGD-17T was closely related to Muricauda nanhaiensis SM1704T (96.1 %), Muricauda olearia CL-SS4T (95.0 %), Muricauda beolgyonensis BB-My12T (94.9 %), Muricauda marina H19-56T (94.7 %) and Muricauda indica 3PC125-7T (94.5 %). The ranges of values for the average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization analyses with related strains were 71.3-74.1 % and 16.9-18.2 %. The genomic DNA G+C content was 41.1 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis using the neighbour-joining method showed that strain JGD-17T formed a clade with Muricauda nanhaiensis SM1704T, Muricauda lutaonensis CC-HSB-11T, Muricauda lutea CSW06T and Muricauda pacifica SM027T. The major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0 (26.9 %), iso-C15 : 1 G (19.5 %) and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH (12.7 %). The predominant respiratory quinone was menaquinone-6. The polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified aminolipid, an unidentified phospholipid and two unidentified lipids. On the basis of phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain JGD-17T represents a novel species within the genus Muricauda, for which the name Muricauda ochracea sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JGD-17T (=KCTC 72732T=KACC 21486T=JCM 33817T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4515-4522, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614762

RESUMO

Two strains of lactic acid bacteria, designated Hs20B0-1T and Hs30E4-3T, were isolated from the gut of the damp-wood termite Hodotermopsis sjostedti. These strains were characterized genetically and phenotypically. Strain Hs20B0-1T was related to Lactococcus piscium DSM 6634T showing 96.3 and 84.2 % sequence similarity in 16S rRNA gene and rpoB gene sequences, respectively. Strain Hs30E4-3T was related to Lactococcus plantarum DSM 20686T showing 94.8 and 82.2 % sequence similarity in 16S rRNA gene and rpoB gene sequences, respectively. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between strains Hs20B0-1T and Hs30E4-3T was 95.7 %. Furthermore, genomic comparisons using pairwise average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH) analyses between strain Hs20B0-1T and L. piscium DSM 6634T resulted in values of 73.5 and 20.1 %, respectively. Strain Hs30E4-3T had 72.8 % ANI similarity and 21.3 % DDH similarity to L. plantarum DSM 20686T. Strains Hs20B0-1T and Hs30E4-3T had 75.4 % ANI similarity and 21.1 % DDH similarity to each other. The cell-wall peptidoglycan types of strains Hs20B0-1T and Hs30E4-3T were A4α, Lys-Asp and A3α, Lys-Thr-Ala, respectively. The two strains, Hs20B0-1T and Hs30E4-3T, are distinguishable from each other and other established Lactococcus species phylogenetically and phenotypically. In conclusion, two novel species of the genus Lactococcus are proposed, namely Lactococcus insecticola Hs20B0-1T (=JCM 33485T=DSM 110147T) and Lactococcus hodotermopsidis Hs30E4-3T (=JCM 33486T=DSM 110148T), respectively.


Assuntos
Trato Gastrointestinal/microbiologia , Isópteros/microbiologia , Lactococcus/classificação , Filogenia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Genes Bacterianos , Lactococcus/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Madeira
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4562-4568, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618560

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, yellow-pigmented, non-spore-forming, non-motile, rod-shaped, catalase-positive, strictly aerobic bacterial strain, designated CAU 1491T, was isolated from seawater and its taxonomic position was examined using a polyphasic approach. Cells of strain CAU 1491T grew optimally at 30 °C, pH 7.5 and in 2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence of CAU 1491T showed that it formed a distinct lineage within the family Flavobacteriaceae as a separate deep branch, with 97.0 % or lower sequence similarity to representatives of the genera Lacinutrix, Gaetbulibacter and Aquibacter. The major cellular fatty acids of strain CAU 1491T were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1 G, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and summed feature 3. The polar lipid pattern consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylethanolamine and an unidentified phospholipid. The strain contained MK-6 as the sole respiratory quinone. Genome sequencing revealed that strain CAU 1491T has a genome size of 3.13 Mbp and a G+C content of 32.4 mol%. On the basis of the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genomic data, strain CAU 1491T represents a new genus and species in the family Flavobacteriaceae for which the name Pontimicrobium aquaticum gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Pontimicrobium aquaticum is CAU 1491T (=KCTC 72003T=NBRC 113695T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4591-4601, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32658637

RESUMO

Gram-negative, aerobic, chemo-organotrophic and bacteriochlorophyll a-containing bacterial strains, KEBCLARHB70RT, KAMCLST3051 and KAMCLST3152, were isolated from the thalli of Cladonia arbuscula and Cladonia stellaris lichens. Cells from the strains were coccoid and reproduced by binary division. They were motile at the early stages of growth and utilized sugars and alcohols. All strains were psychrophilic and acidophilic, capable of growth between pH 3.5 and 7.5 (optimum, pH 5.5), and at 4-30 °C (optimum, 10-15 °C). The major fatty acids were C18 : 1 ω7c and C18 : 0; the lipids were phosphatidylcholines, phosphatidylethanolamines, phosphatidic acids, phosphatidylglycerol, glycolipids, diphosphatidylglycerol and polar lipids with an unknown structure. The quinone was Q-10. The DNA G+C content was 67.8 mol%. Comparative 16S rRNA gene analysis together with other data, supported that the strains, KEBCLARHB70RT, KAMCLST3051 and KAMCLST3152 belonged to the same species. Whole genome analysis of the strain KEBCLARHB70RT and average amino acid identity values confirmed its distinctive phylogenetic position within the family Acetobacteraceae. Phenotypic, ecological and genomic characteristics distinguished strains KEBCLARHB70RT, KAMCLST3051 and KAMCLST3152 from all genera in the family Acetobacteraceae. Therefore, we propose a novel genus and a novel species, Lichenicoccus roseus gen. nov., sp. nov., for these novel Acetobacteraceae members. Strain KEBCLARHB70RT (=KCTC 72321T=VKM B-3305T) has been designated as the type strain.


Assuntos
Acetobacteraceae/classificação , Líquens/microbiologia , Filogenia , Acetobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacterioclorofila A , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Federação Russa , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4602-4609, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32658638

RESUMO

Two bacterial strains, 50A-KIRBAT and 50C-KIRBAT, were isolated from the same freshwater creek located near Salzburg, Austria. They showed 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to Aquirufa nivalisilvae of 100 and 99.9 %, respectively. A genome-based phylogenetic reconstruction with amino acid sequences of 119 single-copy genes suggested that the new strains represent two new species of the genus Aquirufa. Pairwise calculated whole-genome average nucleotide identity (gANI) values ranging from 85.4 to 87.5 % confirmed this conclusion. Phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genomic traits were investigated. Like strains of other Aquirufa species, 50A-KIRBAT and 50C-KIRBAT grew aerobically and chemoorganotrophically, were rod-shaped, red-pigmented and motile, most likely by gliding. They could be distinguished by slight differences in the chemotaxonomic features. We propose to establish for strain 50A-KIRBAT (=CIP 111735T=LMG 31080T) as type strain the name Aquirufa ecclesiirivi and for strain 50C-KIRBAT (=CIP 111736T=LMG 31501T) as type strain the name Aquirufa beregesia. Furthermore, the relationship between the type strains of Aquirufa nivalisilvae (59G-WUEMPELT) and Allopseudarcicella aquatilis (HME7025T) was investigated. Results of polyphasic analyses, especially a gANI value of 97.6 %, as well as the genome-based phylogenetic reconstruction, suggested that Allopseudarcicella aquatilis is a heterotypic synonym of Aquirufa nivalisilvae. According to rule 24b of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes we propose to classify strain HME7025 as Aquirufa nivalisilvae and provide an emended description for the latter.


Assuntos
Cytophagaceae/classificação , Água Doce/microbiologia , Filogenia , Áustria , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Cytophagaceae/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4537-4543, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667871

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterium, designated strain HNM0687T, was isolated from mangrove soil samples collected from Hainan Province, PR China and its polyphasic taxonomy was studied. Based on the results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain HNM0687T was closely related to Gordonia bronchialis NBRC 16047T (98.7 %), Gordonia rhizosphera NBRC 16068T (98.2 %), Gordonia oryzae RS15-1ST (97.9 %), Gordonia polyisoprenivorans NBRC 16320T (97.7 %) and Gordonia sediminis AMA 120T (97.7 %). Genome-based comparisons revealed a clear distinction in average nucleotide identity values between strain HNM0687T and its closely related strains (74.4-78.3 %). Strain HNM0687T contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, arabinose and galactose in whole-cell hydrolysates. Mycolic acid was present. The menaquinones of strain HNM0687T were MK-9(H2) and MK-7(H2). The phospholipids of the isolate were composed of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylinositol. The major fatty acids were C16 : 0, C16 : 1 ω7c/C16 : 1 ω6c, C18 : 010-methyl (TBSA), C18 : 0 and C18 : 1 ω9c. Based on its genotypic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic characteristics, it is concluded that strain HNM0687T represents a novel species of the genus Gordonia for which the name Gordonia mangrovi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HNM0687T (=CCTCC AA 2019074 T=KCTC 49383 T).


Assuntos
Gordonia (Bactéria)/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gordonia (Bactéria)/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química
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