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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(20): e20140, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32443328

RESUMO

Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) typically shows a strong uptake of F-fludeoxyglucose (FDG) imaged by positron emission tomography (PET). Uncommonly, PCNSL demonstrates a low uptake on FDG PET. We investigated the clinicopathological characteristics of the unusual cases of PCNSL with low FDG uptake.We retrospectively enrolled 104 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed PCNSL who underwent baseline brain FDG PET. The degree of FDG uptake of PCNSL was visually scored by 4 grades (0, ≤contralateral white matter; 1, >contralateral white matter and contralateral gray matter). Grades 0-2 were considered as PCNSL with low uptake. We investigated association of low uptake of PCNSL with the following clinicopathological factors: age, sex, steroid treatment, lactate dehydrogenase level, cerebrospinal fluid protein level, condition of PET scanning, immunohistochemical markers (cluster of differentiation 10 [CD10], B-cell lymphoma 6 [BCL-6], B-cell lymphoma 2 [BCL-2], multiple myeloma oncogene 1 [MUM1], Epstein-Barr virus [EBV] protein, and Ki67), location of lesions, tumor size, multiplicity of lesions, involvement of deep brain structures, and cystic or necrotic appearance of lesions.Of the 104 patients with PCNSL, 14 patients (13.5%) showed PCNSL with low FDG uptake on PET. Among various clinicopathological factors, MUM1 negativity was the only factor associated with low FDG uptake PCNSL by univariate (P = .002) and multivariate analysis (P = .007).This study suggests that the different clinicopathological characteristics between patients with high uptake and low uptake of PCNSL on FDG PET is closely associated with lack of MUM1, a protein known to be a crucial regulator of B-cell development and tumorigenesis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/diagnóstico por imagem , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/metabolismo , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias Encefálicas/sangue , Neoplasias Encefálicas/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/sangue , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia , Proteínas do Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/análise , Feminino , Herpesvirus Humano 4/metabolismo , Humanos , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/metabolismo , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/análise , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores/métodos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-6/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esteroides/uso terapêutico
2.
Biol Res ; 53(1): 19, 2020 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32366289

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common cancer types among women. Recent researches have focused on determining the efficiency of alternative molecules and miRNAs in breast cancer treatment. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of usnic acid response-miR-185-5p on proliferation in the breast cancer cell and to determine its relationship with apoptosis pathway. METHODS: The cell proliferation and cell apoptosis rate were significantly increased following the ectopic expression of miR-185-5p in BT-474 cells. Furthermore, the results of cell cycle assay performed by flow cytometry revealed that the transfection with miR-185-5p induced G1/S phase arrest. The apoptosis-related genes expression analysis was performed by qRT-PCR and the direct target of miR-185-5p in BT-474 cells was identified by western blot and luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: Our data showed that miR-185-5p can cause significant changes in apoptosis-related genes expression levels, suggesting that cell proliferation was suppressed by miR-185-5p via inducing apoptosis in breast cancer cells. According to western blot results, miR-185-5p lead to decrease BCL2 protein level in BT-474 cells and direct target of miR-185-5p was identified as BCL by luciferase reporter assay. CONCLUSION: This study revealed that miR-185-5p may be an effective agent in the treatment of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Benzofuranos/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Apoptose , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Transdução de Sinais , Transfecção
3.
Cell Prolif ; 53(5): e12821, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32364266

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising approach for cancer treatment, and the underlying signalling pathway changes has been carried out for studying the PDT mechanisms, but is majorly limited to organic photosensitizers (PSs). For the emerging nano-PSs typically possessing higher 1 O2 quantum yield, few mechanistic studies were carried out, which limited their further applications in clinical therapeutics. PI3K/Akt signalling pathway, a most frequently activated signalling network in cancers, could promote cancer cell survival, but was seldom reported in previous PDT studies mediated by nano-PSs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sulphur doped carbon dots (S-CDs) was prepared via a hydrothermal synthetic route and was characterized by transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and so on. CCK-8 assay and Annexin V/PI staining were performed to demonstrate the death of cancer cells, Western blot, RT-PCR and immunofluorescence were employed to explore the underlying mechanism, and variation of PI3K/Akt and other signalling pathways was detected by Western blot. RESULTS: S-CDs was successfully synthesized, and it was much more efficient compared with classic organic PSs. S-CDs could induce cancer cell death through mitochondria mediated cell apoptosis with the imbalance of Bcl-2 family proteins and caspase cascade via several signalling pathways. Low concentration of S-CDs could effectively inhibit PI3K/Akt pathway and promote p38/JNK pathway, on one way inhibiting cancer cell survival and on the other way promoting cell apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: Herein, we found that S-CDs acted as an inhibitor of the PI3K/Akt pathway for efficient cancer cell killing, thus yielding in a higher PDT performance over the existing photosensitizers.


Assuntos
Carbono/farmacologia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Enxofre/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo
4.
Life Sci ; 255: 117846, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32470451

RESUMO

AIMS: Compared to normal cells, tumor cells maintain higher concentrations of reactive oxygen species (ROS) to support proliferation, invasion, and metastasis. Chemotherapeutic drugs often induce tumor cell apoptosis by increasing intracellular ROS concentrations to highly toxic levels. ABT737, which inhibits the apoptosis regulator B cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl2), increases the sensitivity of ovarian cancer cells to chemotherapeutic drugs by regulating the glucose metabolism, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Therefore, we aimed to determine whether ABT737 promoted H2O2-induced tumor cell apoptosis by reversing glycolysis in ovarian cancer cells. MAIN METHODS: SKOV3 ovarian cancer cells were treated with H2O2, ABT737, or both. Cell viability was compared using methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT), and flow cytometry was used to detect differences in apoptosis, ROS, and mitochondrial membrane potential. The relative expression levels of proteins associated with apoptosis and the glucose metabolism were measured using immunoblotting. Finally, glucose uptake and lactate secretion were measured using kits and compared. KEY FINDINGS: ABT737 downregulated proteins associated with glucose uptake (GLUT1) and glycolysis (LHDA, PKM2 and HK2) via the Sirt3-HIF1α axis, reducing glucose uptake and lactate secretion in SKOV3 cells. This reversed glycolysis in the tumor cells, and promoted H2O2-induced apoptosis. SIGNIFICANCE: The Bcl2 inhibitor ABT737 enhanced the anti-tumor effect of oxidative stress by reversing the Warburg effect in ovarian cancer cells, providing powerful theoretical support for further clinical applications of Bcl2 inhibitors.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Nitrofenóis/farmacologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Piperazinas/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Sirtuína 3/metabolismo
5.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(1): 118-124, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32376553

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of total glucosides of paeony (TGP) on the proliferation and activation-induced cell death of mouse T cells and the mechanism underlying the immunosuppressive effects of TGP. METHODS: Purified total T cells isolated from the spleen of C57BL/6 mice were treated with TGP at 0, 50, 100, or 200 µg/mL and stimulated by anti-CD3/ CD28. Flow cytometry was performed to detect the cell death and the proliferation of CFSE-labeled T cells. The expression of Fas/FasL mRNA was detected using RT-PCR, and flow cytometry was used to analyze the expression of Fas/FasL proteins on activated T cells. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of Bcl-2 in the cells. RESULTS: TGP treatment for 48 h significantly reduced the total number and percentage of viable T cells and dose-dependently lowered the percentage of divided T cells. TGP treatment obviously up-regulated the cellular expression of Fas mRNA, enhanced Fas expression on the surface of the T cells, and decreased the expression level of Bcl-2 protein in the cells. CONCLUSIONS: TGP significantly inhibits proliferation and promotes activation-induced cell death of mouse T cell by increasing the expression of Fas and downregulating the expression of Bcl-2.


Assuntos
Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Paeonia/química , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Proteína Ligante Fas/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Receptor fas/metabolismo
6.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(1): 93-98, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32376556

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of artesunate on eosinophil (EOS) apoptosis and Fas and Bcl-2 protein expressions in asthmatic mice. METHODS: Thirty female BALB/c mice aged 6-8 weeks were randomly divided into control group, asthma group and artesunate group. Except for those in the control group, all the mice were sensitized with aerosolized ovalbumin to establish mouse models of asthma. In artesunate group, the rats were intraperitoneally injected with artesunate 1 h before ovalbumin inhalation from the 21st day of modeling. The lung tissues were harvested for staining 24 h after the last challenge. Flow cytometry was used to analyze the percentage and apoptosis rate of EOS in the alveolar lavage fluid (BALF). The apoptosis of EOS in the lung tissue was detected with TUNEL method, and Fas and Bcl-2 protein expressions were detected using immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Compared with those in asthma group, the artesunate-treated mice had significantly decreased percentage of EOS in the BALF (P < 0.05) with increased apoptosis rate of EOS in the BALF and the lung tissue (P < 0.05). The Fas-positive area and IOD of Fas protein in the lung tissue increased (P < 0.05) while the Bcl-2-positive area and IOD of Bcl-2 protein decreased significantly in artesunate-treated mice as compared with the asthmatic mice (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Artesunate regulates the protein expressions of Fas and Bcl-2 to reduce EOS infiltration in the lung tissue and promote EOS apoptosis in asthmatic mice.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Artesunato/farmacologia , Asma , Eosinófilos/citologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Receptor fas/metabolismo , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Ovalbumina , Distribuição Aleatória
7.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(1): 20-26, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32376564

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of overexpression of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) on cisplatin and paclitaxel resistance of endometrial cancer cells in vitro. METHODS: Endometrial cancer cell lines HEC-1B and RL95-2 were infected with a recombinant lentivirus to overexpress LIF, and the changes in LIF expression was verified using RT-qPCR and ELISA. The viability of the LIF-overexpressing cells was assessed using CCK-8 assay, and the cell apoptosis and changes in mitochondrial membrane potential in response to cisplatin or paclitaxel treatment were analyzed with annexin V-FITC/PI staining and JC-1 assay, respectively. The effect of LIF overexpression on the expressions of Bcl-2 family proteins and STAT3 pathway was evaluated using Western blotting; dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was employed to detect the transcriptional activity of STAT3. The effect of STAT3 silencing on apoptosis of the LIF-overexpressing cells induced by cisplatin or paclitaxel was investigated. RESULTS: The cell lines infected with the recombinant lentivirus showed significantly increased mRNA and protein levels of LIF (P < 0.05) without obvious changes in the cell viability (P>0.05). LIF overexpression significantly attenuated cisplatin-or paclitaxel-induced apoptosis of the endometrial cancer cells (P < 0.05) and markedly increased mitochondrial membrane potential of the cells (P < 0.05). The expressions of Bcl-2, Bcl-xL and p-STAT3 proteins increased obviously while the expressions of Bax, Bad and STAT3 either decreased or showed no obvious changes in the LIF-overexpressing cells. Overexpressing LIF significantly enhanced the transcriptional activity of STAT3 (P < 0.05), and silencing STAT3 obviously enhanced apoptosis of the endometrial cancer cells overexpressing LIF (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: s Overexpression of LIF can enhance cisplatin and paclitaxel resistance to endometrial cancer cells in vitro.


Assuntos
Cisplatino/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias do Endométrio/genética , Fator Inibidor de Leucemia/genética , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Humanos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Proteína bcl-X/metabolismo
8.
Life Sci ; 254: 117794, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32422307

RESUMO

AIMS: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding RNAs that control post-transcriptional gene expression. Recently, miRNAs were confirmed to be promising biomarkers for different pathological conditions. This study assessed the role of serum miR-16 and miR-375 in HCC development in chronic liver disease patients such as cirrhosis. Moreover, miR-16 and miR-375 levels were estimated in HCC cell lines (HepG2 and Huh7) after treatment with doxorubicin (DOX), thymoquinone (TQ) and their combination. MAIN METHODS: Serum miR-16 and miR-375 were analyzed in 30 HCC patients, 20 cirrhosis patients and 10 healthy volunteers using RT-PCR. Moreover, HepG2 and Huh7 cells were incubated with DOX, TQ or TQ/DOX combination for 24 h and the levels of miR-16, miR-375 and gene expression of anti-apoptotic protein BCL-2 were determined in cell lysates using RT- PCR. Moreover, the ability of DOX, TQ and TQ/DOX combination to induce apoptosis were analyzed by measuring caspase-3 expression using ELISA method. KEY FINDINGS: Serum miR-16 and miR-375 levels were significantly decreased in HCC patients as compared to cirrhosis and healthy control group. Also, combined use of serum miR-16 and miR-375 showed a better predictive ability than each alone. Moreover, the expression level of miR-16 and miR-375 in HepG2 and Huh7 cells increased significantly after treatment with DOX and TQ. Also, TQ/DOX combination improved apoptosis by increasing caspase-3 expression and decreasing of BCL-2 expression. SIGNIFICANCE: This study proved that the combined use of serum miR-16 and miR-375 was better than each alone for HCC detection. Moreover, TQ induced apoptosis and upregulatedmiR-16 and miR-375 expression in HCC cells that may explain its anticancer activity.


Assuntos
Benzoquinonas/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Caspase 3/biossíntese , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Masculino , MicroRNAs/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/biossíntese
9.
Int Heart J ; 61(3): 585-594, 2020 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418959

RESUMO

Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is one of the world's leading causes of human death. Kaempferol (Kae) was proved to have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anticancer effects. Such properties suggested that it might play protective roles in IHD. In this study, we have attempted to disclose the potential regulating mechanisms of Kae in primary cardiomyocytes and H9c2 cells.Cells were first stimulated by oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) and then exposed to Kae. CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry were used to examine cell characteristics. Quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction was utilized to test the expression levels of miR-15b and TLR4. Afterward, cell transfection, dual-luciferase activity assay, and western blot were used to explore the potential mechanisms.OGD treatment suppressed cell viability, whereas it enhanced cell apoptosis. Besides, OGD treatment enhanced the expression of apoptosis-associated proteins. Kae exposure, however, attenuated the effects that OGD-induced. Further experiments showed that Kae exposure promoted down-regulation of miR-15b, Bcl-2 and TLR4 were a target of miR-15b. Moreover, Kae enhanced the expression of key factors involved in PI3K/AKT and Wnt/ß-catenin pathways, whereas miR-15b mimic reversed the Kae-triggered effects.This investigation revealed that Kae diminished OGD-triggered cell damage through down-regulating miR-15b expression via activating PI3K/AKT and Wnt3a/ß-catenin pathways.


Assuntos
Quempferóis/uso terapêutico , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Isquemia Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Quempferóis/farmacologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Ratos Wistar , Via de Sinalização Wnt , beta Catenina/metabolismo
10.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 21(1): 143, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32293241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) are fundamental in many biological processes and understanding these interactions is key for a myriad of applications including drug development, peptide design and identification of drug targets. The biological data deluge demands efficient and scalable methods to characterize and understand protein-protein interfaces. In this paper, we present ppiGReMLIN, a graph based strategy to infer interaction patterns in a set of protein-protein complexes. Our method combines an unsupervised learning strategy with frequent subgraph mining in order to detect conserved structural arrangements (patterns) based on the physicochemical properties of atoms on protein interfaces. To assess the ability of ppiGReMLIN to point out relevant conserved substructures on protein-protein interfaces, we compared our results to experimentally determined patterns that are key for protein-protein interactions in 2 datasets of complexes, Serine-protease and BCL-2. RESULTS: ppiGReMLIN was able to detect, in an automatic fashion, conserved structural arrangements that represent highly conserved interactions at the specificity binding pocket of trypsin and trypsin-like proteins from Serine-protease dataset. Also, for the BCL-2 dataset, our method pointed out conserved arrangements that include critical residue interactions within the conserved motif LXXXXD, pivotal to the binding specificity of BH3 domains of pro-apoptotic BCL-2 proteins towards apoptotic suppressors. Quantitatively, ppiGReMLIN was able to find all of the most relevant residues described in literature for our datasets, showing precision of at least 69% up to 100% and recall of 100%. CONCLUSIONS: ppiGReMLIN was able to find highly conserved structures on the interfaces of protein-protein complexes, with minimum support value of 60%, in datasets of similar proteins. We showed that the patterns automatically detected on protein interfaces by our method are in agreement with interaction patterns described in the literature.


Assuntos
Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas/métodos , Animais , Gráficos por Computador , Mineração de Dados , Complexos Multiproteicos/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Tripsina/química , Tripsina/metabolismo
11.
Parasitol Res ; 119(5): 1641-1652, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32285266

RESUMO

Clonorchis sinensis (C. sinensis) can induce a food-borne parasitic disease (clonorchiasis). Numerous studies have analyzed functional proteins, immunologic factors, pro-inflammatory cytokines, and cell signaling transduction that promote the development of clonorchiasis. In a previous study, it was shown that C. sinensis adult-derived total protein (CsTP) might be involved in the pathogenesis and development of liver fibrosis via bringing about Th2 immune response. In the present study, further investigation of CsTP on cellular function and inflammatory effect in vitro and in vivo has been elicited. CsTP induced inflammation and autophagy as evidenced by upregulation of TNF-α, IFN-γ, and autophagic markers LC3B and P62. Exposed to CsTP upregulated the antiapoptotic gene Bcl-2 expression, diminished the apoptosis induced by H2O2, but promoted the proliferation and migration of LX-2 cells in proper concentration range. Additionally, the protein levels of p-AKT and p-mTOR were repressed in response to CsTP, suggesting a correlation of blocking the activation of mTOR/AKT signaling pathway. These results revealed that CsTP might exacerbate hepatic pathological changes by regulating cell proliferation, apoptosis, autophagy, and inflammation in the liver and LX-2 cells. Some effects might be partially involved in the mTOR and AKT pathways.


Assuntos
Apoptose/fisiologia , Clonorquíase/patologia , Clonorchis sinensis/patogenicidade , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Proteínas de Protozoários/metabolismo , Animais , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Clonorquíase/parasitologia , Clonorchis sinensis/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/parasitologia , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Interferon-alfa/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/parasitologia , Camundongos , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/biossíntese , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
12.
Mutat Res ; 852: 503165, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32265046

RESUMO

Human risk assessment of genotoxic chemicals is an important area of research. However, the specificity of in vitro mammalian genotoxicity assays is sometime low, as they yield to misleading positive results that are not observe in in vivo studies. Apoptosis can be a confounding factor in the interpretation of the results. Recently, a new strategy for genotoxicity screening, based on the combined analysis of phosphorylated histones H2AX (γH2AX) and H3 (pH3), was proposed to discriminate efficiently aneugenic from clastogenic compounds. However, γH2AX biomarker could also be induce by apoptosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the specificity of this genotoxic biomarker. For this purpose, we analyzed 26 compounds inducing apoptosis by different mechanism of action, with the γH2AX assay in three human cell lines after 24 h treatment. Most of the tested chemicals were negative in the assay, whatever the cell line tested. The few compounds that generated positive data have also been report positive in other genotoxicity assays. The data presented here demonstrate that the γH2AX assay is not vulnerable to the generation of misleading positive results by apoptosis inducers. Currently, no formal guidelines have been approve for the γH2AX assay for regular genotoxicity studies, but we suggest that this biomarker could be used as a new standard genotoxicity assay.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Western Blotting/métodos , Histonas/genética , Micronúcleos com Defeito Cromossômico/efeitos dos fármacos , Mutagênicos/toxicidade , Apoptose/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Expressão Gênica , Células Hep G2 , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Testes para Micronúcleos , Testes de Mutagenicidade , Mutagênicos/classificação , Fosforilação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(6): 1418-1422, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32281356

RESUMO

Polyphyllin D is a steroid saponin monomer in Polyphyllin, with antibacterial, analgesic, sedative, anti-tumor and other pharmacological effects, but is rarely reported in pancreatic cancer. This study detected apoptosis-relevant indicators, in order to explore the effect of polyphyllin D on the proliferation and apoptosis of human pancreatic cancer Panc-1 cells and relevant mechanisms of action. After pancreatic cancer Panc-1 cells were treated with polyphyllin D(0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 µg·µL~(-1)) for 24, 48 and 72 hours, CCK-8 method was used to detect the effect of polyphyllin D on the proliferation of pancreatic cancer Panc-1 cells. Flow cytometry was used to detect cell cycle and changes in mitochondrial membrane potential(MMP). The apoptosis was detected by Annexin V-FITC/PI staining, and Western blot was used to detect the protein expressions of cytochrome C(Cyto C), Bax, Bcl-2, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-9. The results indicated that compared with the control group, polyphyllin D could inhibit the proliferative activity of Panc-1 cells in a time and concentration-dependent manner. Flow cytometry results showed that polyphyllin D could block the cells in S and G_2/M phase in a concentration manner, the MMP of the cells was significantly reduced, and the apoptosis rate increased with the concentration of polyphyllin D. Western blot results showed that polyphyllin D could concentration-dependently up-regulate the protein expression levels of Bax, Cyto C, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-9, and down-regulate the protein expression level of Bcl-2. The above findings suggested that polyphyllin D could effectively inhibit the proliferation of Panc-1 cells, and its mechanism may be related to the blocking of cell growth cycle and the apoptosis induced by mitochondrial pathway.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Diosgenina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Saponinas/farmacologia , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Caspase 9/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Diosgenina/farmacologia , Humanos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
14.
Chin J Nat Med ; 18(3): 226-233, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32245593

RESUMO

Shenfu injection (SFI), a Chinese medicinal product, shows potent efficacy in treating sepsis. The aim of the present study was to clarify the protective effects of SFI against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced myocardial inflammation and apoptosis. Experiments were carried out in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats treated with LPS or LPS + SFI, and in H9C2 cardiomyocytes. The sepsis-associated myocardial inflammation and apoptosis was induced by the intraperitoneal injection of LPS (20 mg·kg-1). SFI attenuated the increased expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1ß induced by LPS both in serum and heart. In LPS group, cell viability was reduced, and reversed after SFI administration. LPS treatment increased the expression levels of cleaved-caspase 3 and Bax, and those of Bcl2 and Bcl2/Bax. These two trends were reversed by SFI administration. The expression levels of phosphorylated mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (p-MEK) and phosphorylated extracellular regulated protein kinases (p-ERK) were increased by LPS, and reversed by SFI. MEK inhibitor U0126 attenuated the apoptosis induced by LPS. These results indicate that SFI could treat LPS-induced cardiac dysfunction. In conclusion, SFI attenuates the inflammation and apoptosis induced by LPS via downregulating the MEK and ERK signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Miocardite/tratamento farmacológico , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos , Masculino , Miocárdio/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
15.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1270, 2020 03 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32152280

RESUMO

Prolonged cell survival occurs through the expression of specific protein isoforms generated by alternate splicing of mRNA precursors in cancer cells. How alternate splicing regulates tumor development and resistance to targeted therapies in cancer remain poorly understood. Here we show that RNF113A, whose loss-of-function causes the X-linked trichothiodystrophy, is overexpressed in lung cancer and protects from Cisplatin-dependent cell death. RNF113A is a RNA-binding protein which regulates the splicing of multiple candidates involved in cell survival. RNF113A deficiency triggers cell death upon DNA damage through multiple mechanisms, including apoptosis via the destabilization of the prosurvival protein MCL-1, ferroptosis due to enhanced SAT1 expression, and increased production of ROS due to altered Noxa1 expression. RNF113A deficiency circumvents the resistance to Cisplatin and to BCL-2 inhibitors through the destabilization of MCL-1, which thus defines spliceosome inhibitors as a therapeutic approach to treat tumors showing acquired resistance to specific drugs due to MCL-1 stabilization.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Genes Ligados ao Cromossomo X , Spliceossomos/metabolismo , Síndromes de Tricotiodistrofia/genética , Células A549 , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Processamento Alternativo/genética , Animais , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Núcleo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Citoproteção/efeitos dos fármacos , Dano ao DNA/genética , Proteína Quinase Ativada por DNA/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/deficiência , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Íntrons/genética , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , Proteína de Sequência 1 de Leucemia de Células Mieloides/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Estabilidade Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Subunidades Proteicas/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
16.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0229903, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32214335

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumor cells with a mesenchymal phenotype and/or cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) are known to contribute to metastasis and drug resistance. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) undergoing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and CTCs reflecting a dedifferentiated CSC phenotype may not be detected using only an anti-EpCAM antibody to capture them. We used an antibody-independent CTC enrichment platform, ApoStream®, which does not rely on any antibody, including anti-EpCAM, to capture EMT- and CSC-CTCs in breast cancer patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy and correlated them to pathological complete response (pCR). METHODS: Blood samples from newly diagnosed breast cancer patients were prospectively collected before neoadjuvant chemotherapy (T0), after chemotherapy but before surgery (T1), and after surgery (T2) and processed using ApoStream. CTCs detected were stained with additional markers to define 3 CTC subsets with the following phenotypes: epithelial CTCs (CK+, EpCAM+ or E-cadherin+), EMT-CTCs (ß-catenin+ or vimentin+), and CSC-CTCs (CD44+ and CD24low). RESULTS: We enrolled 55 patients, 47 of which had data for analysis. EMT-CTCs were detected in 57%, 62%, and 72% and CSC-CTCs in 9%, 22%, and 19% at the T0, T1, and T2 time points, respectively. Counts of epithelial (P = 0.225) and EMT (P = 0.522) phenotypes of CTCs at T0 did not significantly predict pCR. Moreover, no correlation between CTC count change and pCR was demonstrated. CONCLUSIONS: ApoStream was successful in detecting EMT-CTCs among patients after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. However, EMT-/CSC-CTC counts did not correlate with pCR. Due to the small sample size and heterogeneity of this patient population, further study in a larger cohort of molecularly homogeneous patients is warranted.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Caderinas/sangue , Molécula de Adesão da Célula Epitelial/sangue , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Antígenos de Neoplasias/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/classificação , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Contagem de Células , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/sangue , Vimentina/sangue
17.
PLoS Biol ; 18(3): e3000648, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32182234

RESUMO

The memory CD8 T-cell pool must select for clones that bind immunodominant epitopes with high affinity to efficiently counter reinfection. At the same time, it must retain a level of clonal diversity to allow recognition of pathogens with mutated epitopes. How the level of diversity within the memory pool is controlled is unclear, especially in the context of a selective drive for antigen affinity. We find that preservation of clones that bind the activating antigen with low affinity depends on expression of the transcription factor Eomes in the first days after antigen encounter. Eomes is induced at low activating signal strength and directly drives transcription of the prosurvival protein Bcl-2. At higher signal intensity, T-bet is induced which suppresses Bcl-2 and causes a relative survival advantage for cells of low affinity. Clones activated with high-affinity antigen form memory largely independent of Eomes and have a proliferative advantage over clones that bind the same antigen with low affinity. This causes high-affinity clones to prevail in the memory pool, despite their relative survival deficit. Genetic or therapeutic targeting of the Eomes/Bcl-2 axis reduces the clonal diversity of the memory pool, which diminishes its ability to respond to pathogens carrying mutations in immunodominant epitopes. Thus, we demonstrate on a molecular level how sufficient diversity of the memory pool is established in an environment of affinity-based selection.


Assuntos
Apoptose/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Memória Imunológica , Proteínas com Domínio T/imunologia , Animais , Variação Antigênica/imunologia , Sobrevivência Celular/imunologia , Células Cultivadas , Seleção Clonal Mediada por Antígeno/genética , Seleção Clonal Mediada por Antígeno/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Ativação Linfocitária , Camundongos , Células Precursoras de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/imunologia , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/genética , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas com Domínio T/genética
18.
Gene ; 741: 144552, 2020 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32165297

RESUMO

Hypoxia, as a form of stress, plays a critical role in oncogenesis, including metabolic reprogramming. Mitochondrial, the centers of energy production, re-balance mitochondria dynamic to maintain cell survival during high levels of environmental stresses. NDRG1 is a hypoxia-inducible protein that is involved in various human cancers, including HCC. However, little is known about whether NDRG1 participants in the quality control of mitochondrial in times of stress. Here, we firstly showed that how NDRG1 exerted its role through mediating mitochondrial dynamic in HCC cells under hypoxia. Initially, we identified that NDRG1 expression varies with oxygen content. NDRG1 silencing notably induced cell apoptosis under hypoxia, while no obviously change of wildtype cells in hypoxia compared with that in normoxia. Further analysis revealed that NDRG1 silencing in HCC cells led to increase of pro apoptotic protein BAX and decrease in anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and Bclx, which meant mitochondrial damage were induced. In the analysis of mitochondria, we found that more released cytochrome c located in cytosolic with NDRG1 knockdown in hypoxia, which may be due to mitochondria division. And the following experiment proved that more fragmented mitochondria were presented in NDRG1 silencing cells, as well as destroyed mitochondrial membrane potential with evidence by JC-1 was verified. Moreover, these trends could be reversed by Mdivi1. Further research showed that NDRG1 silencing disrupt hypoxia-enhanced aerobic glycolysis through effectively decreased glucose uptake, lactate output and ECAR value. In sum, we provide the first direct evidence that NDRG1-driven change in mitochondrial dynamics and aerobic glycolysis maintain cells survival in HCC during hypoxia.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Reprogramação Celular/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Apoptose/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Citocromos c/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Glicólise/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/genética , Dinâmica Mitocondrial/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Hipóxia Tumoral/genética , Proteína bcl-X/genética
19.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 193: 110348, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114240

RESUMO

Due to rapid advances in the era of electronic technologies, indium has played the important material for the production of liquid crystal display screens in the semiconductor and optoelectronic industries. The present study focuses on evaluating the toxic effects and related mechanisms of indium chloride (InCl3) on RAW264.7 macrophages. Cytotoxicity was induced by InCl3 in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. InCl3 had the ability to induce macrophage death through apoptosis rather than through necrosis. According to the cytokinesis-block micronucleus assay and alkaline single-cell gel electrophoresis assay, InCl3 induced DNA damage, also called genotoxicity, in a concentration-dependent manner. Cysteine-dependent aspartate-directed protease (caspase)-3, -8, and -9 were activated by InCl3 in a concentration-dependent manner. Mitochondria dysfunction and cytochrome c release from the mitochondria were induced by InCl3 in a concentration-dependent manner. Downregulation of BCL2 and upregulation of BAD were induced by InCl3 in a concentration-dependent manner. More, we proposed that InCl3 treatment generated reactive oxygen species (ROS) in a concentration-dependent manner. In conclusion, the current study revealed that InCl3 induced macrophage cytotoxicity, apoptosis, and genotoxicity via a mitochondria-dependent apoptotic pathway and ROS generation.


Assuntos
Dano ao DNA , Índio/toxicidade , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Caspases/metabolismo , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocromos c/metabolismo , Citotoxinas/toxicidade , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Células RAW 264.7 , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Proteína de Morte Celular Associada a bcl/metabolismo
20.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 194: 110401, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32143102

RESUMO

Zearalenone (ZEA), a toxic substance produced by Fusarium fungi, accumulated in cereals grain and animal feed, causes injury to humans and animals. ZEA can induce obvious reproductive toxicity with the ovarian granulosa cells (GCs) as the main target. However, the study on exploring the protective compounds against ZEA-induced mouse primary ovarian GCs damage remains less. In the current study, the protective effect of 20 compounds derived from traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) on the injury of mouse GCs caused by ZEA were evaluated using MTT assay and the cell morphology. Our results showed that chlorogenic acid (250, 500, and 1000 µg/mL) significantly suppress ZEA-induced GCs death. Western blot analysis suggested chlorogenic acid could rescue the up-regulated apoptosis of GCs induced by ZEA via attenuating the protein expression of cleaved caspase-3, the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 and cleaved-PARP. Our results provide strong evidence that chlorogenic acid warrants further optimization for more potent and safer compounds for against the ZEA lead toxicity to humans and animals.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Clorogênico/farmacologia , Células da Granulosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Zearalenona/toxicidade , Animais , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Células da Granulosa/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo
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