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2.
Chron Respir Dis ; 17: 1479973120952418, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32840385

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify exercise tests that are suitable for home-based or remote administration in people with chronic lung disease. METHODS: Rapid review of studies that reported home-based or remote administration of an exercise test in people with chronic lung disease, and studies reporting their clinimetric (measurement) properties. RESULTS: 84 studies were included. Tests used at home were the 6-minute walk test (6MWT, two studies), sit-to-stand tests (STS, five studies), Timed Up and Go (TUG, 4 studies) and step tests (two studies). Exercise tests administered remotely were the 6MWT (two studies) and step test (one study). Compared to centre-based testing the 6MWT distance was similar when performed outdoors but shorter when performed at home (two studies). The STS, TUG and step tests were feasible, reliable (intra-class correlation coefficients >0.80), valid (concurrent and known groups validity) and moderately responsive to pulmonary rehabilitation (medium effect sizes). These tests elicited less desaturation than the 6MWT, and validated methods to prescribe exercise were not reported. DISCUSSION: The STS, step and TUG tests can be performed at home, but do not accurately document desaturation with walking or allow exercise prescription. Patients at risk of desaturation should be prioritised for centre-based exercise testing when this is available.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar/organização & administração , Pneumopatias , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Telemedicina/métodos , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico , Pneumopatias/epidemiologia , Pneumopatias/reabilitação , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21485, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756176

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exercise intolerance is very common in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Although some researches confirming the validation of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) on CHD treatment, the effect of TCM on improving the exercise tolerance of patients with CHD remains unclear so far. Our trial is to investigate whether the Yangxinshi (YXS) tablet can improve exercise tolerance as well as the quality of life among CHD patients. METHODS: It is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-center trial. A total of 90 patients with CHD from 3 hospitals in China will be enrolled and randomly assigned to one of 2 groups: YXS group, N = 45; placebo group, N = 45. The 2 groups will simultaneously receive standardized western medicine and exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation program for 12 weeks. The primary outcome measure is the exercise capacity, which will be evaluated by the cardiopulmonary exercise test and 6-minute walking test. The 2nd outcomes include symptom improvement, psychologic issues, laboratory tests, side effects, and adverse events. DISCUSSION: To our knowledge, it is the 1st randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effect of TCM YXS tablet on exercise tolerance in patients with CHD. The results will provide more evidence for future studies in this area. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5752).


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias/terapia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Tolerância ao Exercício/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , China , Doença das Coronárias/fisiopatologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Teste de Caminhada
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(34): e21794, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846812

RESUMO

Patients with cardiovascular diseases frequently experience exertional dyspnea. However, the relationship between respiratory muscle strength including its fatigue and cardiovascular dysfunctions remains to be clarified.The maximal inspiratory pressure/maximal expiratory pressure (MIP/MEP) before and after cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) in 44 patients with heart failure and ischemic heart disease were measured. Respiratory muscle fatigue was evaluated by calculating MIP (MIPpost/MIPpre) and MEP (MEPpost/MEPpre) changes.The mean MIPpre and MEPpre values were 67.5 ±â€Š29.0 and 61.6 ±â€Š23.8 cm H2O, respectively. After CPX, MIP decreased in 25 patients, and MEP decreased in 22 patients. We evaluated the correlation relationship between respiratory muscle function including respiratory muscle fatigue and exercise capacity evaluated by CPX such as peak VO2 and VE/VCO2 slope. Among MIP, MEP, change in MIP, and change in MEP, only the value of change in MIP had an association with the value of VE/VCO2 slope (R = -0.36, P = .017). In addition, multivariate analysis for determining factor of change in MIP revealed that the association between the change in MIP and eGFR was independent from other confounding parameters (beta, 0.40, P = .017). The patients were divided into 2 groups, with (MIP change < 0.9) and without respiratory muscle fatigue (MIP change > 0.9), and a significant difference in peak VO2 (14.2 ±â€Š3.4 [with fatigue] vs 17.4 ±â€Š4.7 [without fatigue] mL/kg/min; P = .020) was observed between the groups.Respiratory muscle fatigue demonstrated by the change of MIP before and after CPX significantly correlated with exercise capacity and renal function in patients with cardiovascular disease.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Fadiga Muscular , Isquemia Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Músculos Respiratórios/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Teste de Esforço , Tolerância ao Exercício , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Rim/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pressões Respiratórias Máximas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
6.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 53: e20200100, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638887

RESUMO

Patients with Chagas cardiomyopathy (ChC) usually progress with fatigue and dyspnea. Exercise tests are valuable for the functional evaluation of these patients. However, information about the applicability of the exercise tests is scattered, and no studies have systematically reviewed the results. Thus, the present review explored the general aspects and prognostic value of exercise tests in patients with ChC. A literature search of the MEDLINE, Web of Science, CINAHL, Scopus, and LILACS databases was performed to identify relevant studies. There were no data restrictions, and articles that met the objective of the study were selected. Articles written in English, Portuguese, and Spanish were considered, and 25 articles were finally included. The peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) was correlated with demographic and echocardiographic variables. Echocardiographic features of the left ventricular diastolic function and right ventricular systolic function appeared to be determinants of functional capacity, in addition to age and sex. VO2peak was associated with higher mortality, especially in patients with dilated ChC. The minute ventilation/carbon dioxide production slope (VE/VCO2 slope) was a strong predictor of survival; however, more studies are needed to verify this observation. Field tests showed moderate to strong correlation with VO2peak and thus may be inexpensive tools for the functional evaluation of patients with ChC. However, few studies have verified their prognostic significance. While exercise tests are useful tools for functional assessment, information is scarce regarding further considerations, and many of the criteria are based on guidelines for other heart diseases.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Direita/fisiologia , Ecocardiografia , Humanos , Prognóstico
7.
Respir Res ; 21(1): 163, 2020 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600344

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the influence of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) on lung function in early convalescence phase. METHODS: A retrospective study of COVID-19 patients at the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were conducted, with serial assessments including lung volumes (TLC), spirometry (FVC, FEV1), lung diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO),respiratory muscle strength, 6-min walking distance (6MWD) and high resolution CT being collected at 30 days after discharged. RESULTS: Fifty-seven patients completed the serial assessments. There were 40 non-severe cases and 17 severe cases. Thirty-one patients (54.3%) had abnormal CT findings. Abnormalities were detected in the pulmonary function tests in 43 (75.4%) of the patients. Six (10.5%), 5(8.7%), 25(43.8%) 7(12.3%), and 30 (52.6%) patients had FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC ratio, TLC, and DLCO values less than 80% of predicted values, respectively. 28 (49.1%) and 13 (22.8%) patients had PImax and PEmax values less than 80% of the corresponding predicted values. Compared with non-severe cases, severe patients showed higher incidence of DLCO impairment (75.6%vs42.5%, p = 0.019), higher lung total severity score (TSS) and R20, and significantly lower percentage of predicted TLC and 6MWD. No significant correlation between TSS and pulmonary function parameters was found during follow-up visit. CONCLUSION: Impaired diffusing-capacity, lower respiratory muscle strength, and lung imaging abnormalities were detected in more than half of the COVID-19 patients in early convalescence phase. Compared with non-severe cases, severe patients had a higher incidence of DLCO impairment and encountered more TLC decrease and 6MWD decline.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Músculos Respiratórios/fisiopatologia , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Convalescença , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Seguimentos , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular , Pandemias , Alta do Paciente , Radiografia Torácica/métodos , Testes de Função Respiratória , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/epidemiologia , Espirometria/métodos , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Capacidade Vital/fisiologia
8.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: eRW5232, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32725055

RESUMO

Objective To perform a systematic literature review and meta-analysis to investigate the reliability of The International Fitness Scale questionnaire for assessing overall physical fitness and related components. Methods PubMed®, BIREME, SciELO, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, LILACS and Cochrane databases were searched using the following search terms: "The International Fitness Scale", "International Fitness Scale" and "IFIS". Article selection and data extraction were performed according to the following eligibility criteria: reliability and/or validity study of the measure tools of The International Fitness Scale; adoption of the The International Fitness Scale as a reference criterion (gold standard) and being an original article. Quality of the study was considered based on Assessment of Reliability Studies. Data analysis used Kappa coefficient of agreement, Cochran and the Higgins I2 test. Sensitivity analysis was conducted using the withdrawal model. Results A total of seven articles were included in the analysis. Test-retest reliability coefficients ranged from 0.40 to 0.99, with most studies achieving values ≥0.60, indicative of moderate to substantial reliability. Conclusion In spite of appropriate test-retest scores attributed to most reliability indicators, heterogeneity among the studies remained high. Therefore, further studies with low risk of bias are needed to support the reliability of the self-reported The International Fitness Scale.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço/normas , Exercício Físico , Aptidão Física , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
9.
Rev Mal Respir ; 37(7): 608-612, 2020 09.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600900
10.
Am J Cardiol ; 128: 7-11, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32650927

RESUMO

We obtained directly measured maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) by open-circuit spirometry in 1,453 patients with chronic heart failure (HF) who completed a treadmill test (n = 1,453) or cycle ergometry (n = 1,838), as participants in The Fitness Registry and the Importance of Exercise National Data Base (FRIEND) dataset. We developed a new equation to predict measured VO2 max in those using a treadmill by randomly sampling 70% of the participants from each of the following age categories: <40, 40 to 50, 50 to 70, and >70 and used the remaining 30% for validation. Multivariable linear regression analysis was applied to identify the most relevant variables and construct the best prediction model for VO2 max. Treadmill speed and treadmill speed * grade were considered in the final model as predictors of measured VO2 max and the following equation was generated: VO2 max in ml O2 kg/min = speed (m/min) * (0.17 + fractional grade * 0.32) +3.5. To assess the efficacy of the equation, we applied it to 1,612 patients in the HF-ACTION cohort. To assess the efficacy of the FRIEND cycle ergometry equation developed for healthy individuals we applied it to 1,838 HF patients in the FRIEND cohort and 306 patients in a Greek population of HF patients with directly measured VO2 max. The FRIEND equations were superior to ACSM equations in predicting VO2 max regardless of the cohort or exercise mode used (treadmill or cycle ergometry) to access VO2 max.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Consumo de Oxigênio , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Equivalente Metabólico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Espirometria
11.
Wiad Lek ; 73(6): 1134-1139, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32723940

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: To model, to ground and to check experimentally the efficiency of the complex organized system of fitness trainings and system of health improving trainings; to discover their influence on the status of women's somatic health of the first period mature age. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: Analysis, systematization, pedagogical observation, modelling, pedagogical experiment, tests: Ruffier, Stange, Romberg's, Harvard step test and tests of PWC170. RESULTS: Results: Complex organized system of fitness trainings (dosed, systematic, complex motive activity, managed by trainer) appeared more effective (11.68 %) in comparison with system of individual health improving trainings (6.54 %). Both systems contributed to reducing of weight (CG2 - 3.8 %, EG2 - 16.3 %),decrease in body's parts sizes, in particular, of breast (CG2 - 0.5 %, EG2 - 1.3 %), waist (CG2 - 2.3 %; EG2 - 13.75 %), pelvis (CG2 - 3.6 %; EG2 - 5.3 %), formation of physical characteristics (strength - CG2 - 2.1 %, EG2 - 17.4 % and flexibility - CG2 - 4.5 % and EG2 - 9 %).Differences in the level of physical capacity are marked, mainly, in the control group (PWC170absolute - 12.2 %; PWC170relative - 19.3 %), in comparison with experimental (PWC170 absolute - 10.2 %; PWC170 relative - 17.5 %). CONCLUSION: Conclusions: In general both systems assisted the improvement of somatic health level that proves the efficiency of system approach to organization of trainings in this agerelated group.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Aptidão Física , Pesos e Medidas Corporais , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Humanos , Saúde da Mulher
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(28): e21058, 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664120

RESUMO

A method to perform exercise testing for patients with hemiplegia is unavailable though over half of them have cardio-pulmonary disorders. We aimed to assess the reliability and validity of using a stepper in cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in this population.14 stroke patients with hemiplegia who failed to ride the stationary bike were included. Exclusion criteria included manual muscle strength ≦1 in the lower extremity, and conventional contraindications of CPET. They underwent CPET twice by using a stepper to evaluate test-retest reliability and validity. Additionally, 10 healthy participants underwent CPET twice on the cycle ergometer and stepper respectively.In the test-retest, the ratio of two-time difference to mean was 5.0, 3, 11.3 and 12.0% on average for peak oxygen consumption, peak heart rate (HR), anaerobic threshold and minute ventilation - carbonic dioxide production slope respectively. Cronbach's alpha coefficient of peak oxygen consumption and anaerobic threshold were 0.992 and 0.919. In the stepper exercise testing of the hemiplegic participants, the ratio of peak HR to age-predicted maximal HR was 75% on average. Peak respiratory exchange ratio (mean ±â€Šstandard deviation = 1.17 ±â€Š0.08) was not different from that of healthy controls (1.21 ±â€Š0.09). Notably, VO2 trajectory in relation to work rate is nonlinear and different in the rest-retest.This is the first research to study CPET variables in detail using stepper in patients with hemiplegia. CPET variables associated with peak are valid and reliable; nonetheless, those with sub-maximum are not. The study provides a method to do exercise testing for the patients with hemiplegia and its notice in application.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço/métodos , Hemiplegia/reabilitação , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/métodos , Idoso , Limiar Anaeróbio/fisiologia , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Testes de Função Respiratória
14.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 68(4): 21-25, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32610841

RESUMO

Introduction: Exercise induced asthma (EIB) is an acute, reversible, usually selflimiting airways obstruction which sets in after exercise in patients with asthma. One popular mechanism of EIA is the increase in histamine and its metabolites in circulation after exercise, which leads to bronchoconstriction via histamine receptors in bronchi. Chlorpheniramine Maleate is potent, less sedative antihistaminic drug, which acts by inhibiting histamine release from mast cells. It is also said to have anticholinergic properties. The aerosol route of administration of a drug has the advantages of a faster onset of action, fewer side effects, and greater protection against EIB with respect to small airways function. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of Chlorpheniramine Maleate aerosol inhalation on flow volumes and gas exchange. Materials and Methods: 25 established patients of stabilized bronchial asthma (18 to 44 years) with history of EIA attending Allergy OPD, Medical OPD or Chest clinic were included in the present study. Patients were studied for 3 days in a week at the same time of day. Baseline spirometry was done to know test parameters, i.e. FEV1, PEFR and FEF50%. Gas exchange study during rest including minute ventilation (VE), oxygen consumption (VO2), Carbon dioxide produced per minute (VCO2), Respiratory quotient (R) was carried out. Patient was asked to perform exercise on bicycle ergometer. During exercise VE, VO2, VCO2 and R were recorded every 30 seconds. FEV1, PEFR and FEF50% were recorded immediately after and 5 min after completion of exercise. On day 2, same procedure was repeated with saline nebulisation before the exercise. On day 3, aerosolized Chlorpheniramine Maleate was used instead of saline for nebulisation. Values obtained were tabulated and analysed. Observations and Results: After exercise FEV1, PEFR, FEF50% decreased on all three days, but the fall in these parameters was less on Day III (prior nebulisation with Chlorpheniramine maleate) compared to previous days. There was significant increase in FEV1, PEFR and FEF50% (P<0.01, 0.05 and 0.05 respectively) which was seen 30 mins after inhalation of Chlorpheniramine maleate aerosol compared to placebo. Resting and exercise values of Minute Ventilation (VE), oxygen uptake (VO2) carbon dioxide expired, on all the three days were comparable and statistically not significant by the end of exercise. On day 2 and 3, 'R' as compared to that of day1 was slightly significant during rest and initial minutes of exercise but became insignificant after that till the end of exercise. Conclusion: This study shows that Chlorpheniramine causes bronchodilation during resting period by acting on the circulating or tissue histamine in asthmatics which contributes to an increase in resting bronchomotor tone. As there is incomplete inhibition of EIA by Chlorpheniramine, there may be some other associated mediator release for pathogenesis of EIA.


Assuntos
Asma Induzida por Exercício/tratamento farmacológico , Asma , Clorfeniramina/uso terapêutico , Antagonistas dos Receptores Histamínicos/uso terapêutico , Teste de Esforço , Humanos , Testes de Função Respiratória
15.
Monaldi Arch Chest Dis ; 90(2)2020 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-611274

RESUMO

There is a need of consensus about the pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in patients with COVID-19 after discharge from acute care. To facilitate the knowledge of the evidence and its translation into practice, we developed suggestions based on experts' opinion. A steering committee identified areas and questions sent to experts. Other international experts participated to a RAND Delphi method in reaching consensus and proposing further suggestions. Strong agreement in suggestions was defined when the mean agreement was >7 (1 = no agreement and 9 = maximal agreement). Panelists response rate was >95%. Twenty-three questions from 4 areas: Personnel protection equipment, phenotypes, assessments, interventions, were identified and experts answered with 121 suggestions, 119 of which received high level of concordance. The evidence-based suggestions provide the clinicians with current evidence and clinical experts opinion. This framework can be used to facilitate clinical decision making within the context of the individual patient. Further studies will evaluate the clinical usefulness of these suggestions.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/reabilitação , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Pneumonia Viral/reabilitação , Insuficiência Respiratória/reabilitação , Terapia Respiratória/métodos , Assistência Ambulatorial , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Técnica Delfos , Teste de Esforço , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Itália , Estado Nutricional , Pandemias , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Qualidade de Vida , Testes de Função Respiratória , Insuficiência Respiratória/etiologia , Insuficiência Respiratória/fisiopatologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos
16.
Cent Eur J Public Health ; 28(2): 120-123, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32592556

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is defined as the capacity of the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems to meet the oxygen demands of the body during physical work. Poor CRF is connected with a higher risk for the development of various noninfectious diseases such as cardiovascular disease or malignancies. The standard test for the assessment of CRF is exercise testing with the measurement of maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max). Standard VO2 max values for adult men and women in the Czech Republic have been available since the 1970s without being updated. According to experts, these standard values are now unusable for contemporary CRF measurements of the population in the Czech Republic. The Fitness Registry and the Importance of Exercise: a National Database (FRIEND) - 4,494 patients (1,717 men) defined new standard values for bicycle ergometry CRF for the population in the United States of America. The aim of the study was the statistical comparison of VO2 max values (reference standards) in the 1970s population in the Czech Republic with the new reference standards of the FRIEND registry. METHODS: All analyses were performed using IBM SPSS statistics and all tests with a p-value of less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS: VO2 max norms for women in the Czech population were higher in all age categories with statistically significant differences in the categories 30-39, 40-49 and 50-59 (p < 0.001). In the male population aged 20-29 years, VO2 max was significantly higher in the FRIEND registry (p < 0.001) in contrast to the other age categories, 30-39, 40-49 and 50-59, which were significantly higher in the Czech population (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Czech VO2 max population norms from the 1970s are (with the exception of age category 20-29 years) higher than values from the recent FRIEND registry.


Assuntos
Aptidão Cardiorrespiratória/fisiologia , Teste de Esforço , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Aptidão Física , Adulto , República Tcheca , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Padrões de Referência , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
17.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234507, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32526771

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Maximal oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]) is a measure of cardiorespiratory fitness often used to monitor changes in fitness during and after treatment in cancer patients. There is, however, limited knowledge in how criteria verifying [Formula: see text] work for patients newly diagnosed with cancer. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of fulfillment of typical criteria verifying [Formula: see text] and to investigate the associations between the criteria and the test leader's evaluation whether a test was performed "to exhaustion". An additional aim was to establish new cut-points within the associated criteria. METHODS: From the Phys-Can randomized controlled trial, 535 patients (59 ±12 years) newly diagnosed with breast (79%), prostate (17%) or colorectal cancer (4%) performed an incremental [Formula: see text] test on a treadmill. The test was performed before starting (neo-)adjuvant treatment and an exercise intervention. Fulfillment of different cut-points within typical criteria verifying [Formula: see text] was described. The dependent key variables included in the initial bivariate analysis were achievement of a [Formula: see text] plateau, peak values for maximal heart rate, respiratory exchange ratio (RER), the patients' rating of perceived exertion on Borg's scale6-20 and peak breathing frequency (fR). A receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to establish cut-points for variables associated with the test leader's evaluation. Last, a cross-validation of the cut-points found in the receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed on a comparable sample of cancer patients (n = 80). RESULTS: The criteria RERpeak (<0.001), Borg's RPE (<0.001) and fR peak (p = 0.018) were associated with the test leader's evaluation of whether a test was defined as "to exhaustion". The cut-points that best predicted the test leader's evaluation were RER ≥ 1.14, RPE ≥ 18 and fR ≥ 40. Maximal heart rate and [Formula: see text] plateau was not associated with the test leader's evaluation. CONCLUSION: We recommend a focus on RER (in the range between ≥1.1 and ≥1.15) and RPE (≥17 or ≥18) in addition to the test leader's evaluation. Additionally, a fR peak of ≥40 breaths/min may be a cut-point to help the test leader evaluate the degree of exhaustion. However, more research is needed to verify our findings, and to investigate how these criteria will work within a population that are undergoing or finished with cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Aptidão Cardiorrespiratória/fisiologia , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Terapia por Exercício , Neoplasias/reabilitação , Oxigênio/análise , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/fisiopatologia , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Consumo de Oxigênio , Esforço Físico/fisiologia , Curva ROC , Valores de Referência , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0235047, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32574223

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Nitrate (NO3-), through its conversion to nitrite (NO2-) and nitric oxide, has been shown to increase exercise tolerance in healthy younger adults and older diseased patients. Nitrate's effect in well-trained middle to older-aged adults has not been studied. Therefore, the purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of a NO3- rich beverage on submaximal constant work rate exercise time in well-trained middle to older-aged adults. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled cross-over trial with 15 well-trained middle to older-aged adults, 41-64 year-old, who received one of two treatments (NO3- rich beverage then placebo or placebo then NO3- rich beverage), after which an exercise test at 75 percent of the subject's maximal work rate was completed. RESULTS: The NO3- rich beverage increased plasma NO3- and NO2- levels by 260 µM and 0.47 µM, respectively (p<0.001). Exercise time was not significantly different (p = 0.31) between the NO3- rich versus placebo conditions (1130±151 vs 1060±132 sec, respectively). Changes in exercise time between the two conditions ranged from a 55% improvement to a 40% decrease with the NO3- rich beverage. Oxygen consumption and rating of perceived exertion were not significantly different between the two conditions. CONCLUSION: In middle to older-aged well-trained adults, NO3- supplementation has non-significant, albeit highly variable, effects on exercise tolerance. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03371966.


Assuntos
Bebidas , Suplementos Nutricionais , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Nitratos/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Estudos Cross-Over , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nitratos/sangue , Nitritos/sangue , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia
20.
Am Heart J ; 225: 78-87, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32474207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The severity of aortic coarctation (CoA) may be underestimated during cardiac catheterization. We aimed to investigate whether epinephrine stress testing improves clinical decision making and outcome in CoA. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated CoA patients >50 kg with a peak systolic gradient (PSG) ≤20 mm Hg during cardiac catheterization who underwent epinephrine stress testing. Subsequent interventional management (stenting or balloon dilatation), complications, and medium-term clinical outcome were assessed. RESULTS: Fifty CoA patients underwent cardiac catheterization with epinephrine stress testing. Patients with a high epinephrine PSG (>20 mm Hg; n = 24) were younger and more likely to have a hypertensive response to exercise compared to patients with a low epinephrine PSG (≤20 mm Hg; n = 26). In total, 21 patients (88%) with a high epinephrine PSG underwent intervention, and 20 patients (77%) with a low epinephrine PSG were treated conservatively. After a mean follow-up of 25 ±â€¯18 months, there was a lower prevalence of hypertension in patients with a high epinephrine PSG who underwent intervention compared to patients with a low epinephrine PSG treated conservatively (19% vs. 76%; P = .001). In a multivariate model, intervention was independently associated with a 14.3-mm Hg reduction in systolic blood pressure (P = .001) and a decrease in the use of antihypertensive agents. CONCLUSIONS: In CoA patients with a low baseline PSG but high epinephrine PSG, percutaneous intervention is associated with a substantial reduction in systemic blood pressure and the use of antihypertensive medication. Accordingly, epinephrine stress testing may be a useful addition in the evaluation of CoA.


Assuntos
Agonistas Adrenérgicos beta/farmacologia , Coartação Aórtica/cirurgia , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Epinefrina/farmacologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Coartação Aórtica/diagnóstico , Coartação Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/etiologia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sístole/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
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