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1.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(1): 22-24, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-73344

RESUMO

This work gives an overview of the methods of scenic expression which can be used to help cope with the crisis caused by the global threat of the coronavirus pandemic. The virus is new, the vaccine has not been developed yet and there are no unified prevention and post-prevention policies. In the following lines some modified elements of psychodrama interventions are presented including the ways of preventing the retraumatization of the patient (protagonist). This can be achieved by conscious reliving of the trauma and by activating new, transformative roles to guide the protagonist on his way to recovery.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pacientes , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Psicodrama , Trauma Psicológico , Humanos , Pandemias , Pacientes/psicologia , Trauma Psicológico/etiologia , Trauma Psicológico/terapia
2.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(1): 22-24, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32303025

RESUMO

This work gives an overview of the methods of scenic expression which can be used to help cope with the crisis caused by the global threat of the coronavirus pandemic. The virus is new, the vaccine has not been developed yet and there are no unified prevention and post-prevention policies. In the following lines some modified elements of psychodrama interventions are presented including the ways of preventing the retraumatization of the patient (protagonist). This can be achieved by conscious reliving of the trauma and by activating new, transformative roles to guide the protagonist on his way to recovery.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pacientes , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Psicodrama , Trauma Psicológico , Humanos , Pandemias , Pacientes/psicologia , Trauma Psicológico/etiologia , Trauma Psicológico/terapia
3.
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med ; 27(Special Issue): 536-542, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31747144

RESUMO

For the first time, the effectiveness of art therapy (drama therapy) in children with mental disorders has been studied on substantial clinical data. Psychotherapeutic work involved certain form of drama therapy that included patients watching Moscow theaters performances and then discussing them with family and in group therapy sessions with psychologists. Researchers have developed drama therapy methods for children with mental disorders, determined indications and contraindications for this treatment. The study shows effects of art therapy on the child adaptation to the conditions of the micro-social environment, particularly on his family adaptation, formation of harmonious, supportive, rehabilitative family relations. It is noted that art therapy influences adolescent's adaptation to the conditions of the macrosocial environment, particularly his adaptation in a peer group, behavior in various situations and formation of normal behavioral patterns in different environmental conditions.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Transtornos Mentais , Psicodrama , Adolescente , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/terapia , Criança , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Moscou
4.
Dev Neuropsychol ; 44(7): 481-494, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589087

RESUMO

This randomized clinical trial ( www.clinicaltrials.gov ID# NCT02276534) examined the impact of a peer-mediated, theater-based social skills intervention, SENSE Theater®, on social cognition and behavior in 77 youth (ages 8-16) with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder. Analysis of Covariance models revealed that post-treatment, the experimental group (n = 44) performed significantly better than the controls (n = 33) on NEPSY theory of mind (verbal) subtest, demonstrated increased neural evidence of memory for faces, and engaged in more cooperative play and verbal interaction with novel peers. The study extends previous findings showing that SENSE Theater® contributes to improvement in social cognition and behavior.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/terapia , Grupo Associado , Psicodrama/métodos , Habilidades Sociais , Adolescente , Criança , Cognição/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Comportamento Social , Teoria da Mente
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547613

RESUMO

(1) Background: This study aims to apply drama therapy to a counseling group to address the mental health problems of college students in Taiwan due to the increasingly serious psychological problems that have happened in recent times. Based on the healing factors in drama therapy, we applied such therapy activities to four counseling groups composed of 12 high-risk students from Taiwan. (2) Methods: "Questionnaire-based assessment, participant self-assessment and participant attitude assessment" methods were used to evaluate the six mental health indicators of the participants in the evaluation of drama therapy's effect and the groups' pre-test and post-test (the first group and the last group). The six indicators were self-awareness, self-expression, interpersonal and communication skills, self-cognitive reconstruction ability, social role ability, and decision-making ability. Data were collected and assessed for the frequencies and percentages of each indicator item. Sets of paired-samples t-tests, independent t-tests, and two-way repeated measures ANOVAs were employed to evaluate the different designs. (3) Results: The results revealed that drama therapy could deliver significantly positive effects for and improve the six mental health indicators of the participants. Males' self-awareness and decision-making actions were more positively affected than females. (4) Conclusions: The study helps to provide a path of establishing the mental health module of drama therapy in the education sector in Taiwan.


Assuntos
Psicodrama , Adolescente , Adulto , Atitude , Comunicação , Aconselhamento , Tomada de Decisões , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Habilidades Sociais , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Taiwan , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
6.
Ann Clin Psychiatry ; 31(2): 84-94, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31046029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Excoriation disorder (ED) is characterized by recurring excoriation of the skin resulting in tissue damage, usually associated with emotional deregulation. Psychotherapy is a valuable treatment; however, no studies emphasize the patients' interactional aspect, nor the potential benefit of group treatment. METHODS: We recruited a convenience sample of 38 individuals with ED according to DSM-5 criteria, in which 19 individuals proceeded to treatment, 10 with psychodrama group therapy (PGT), and 9 with support group therapy (SGT) in an open pilot study. RESULTS: The entire sample presented improvement of skin excoriation on both self-report and clinician rating and improvement of social adjustment; however, there was no difference between groups (ie, time × group interaction). Also, there was no relevant change for anxiety, depression, or emotional regulation throughout treatment. Emotional deregulation was associated with excoriation severity as well as depression, anxiety, and social maladjustment, both at the beginning and end of treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Although both groups showed improvement of skin picking, the results contradict our primary hypothesis that PGT would have a superior efficacy to SGT for patients with ED. The findings encourage future studies of group interventions for ED in larger samples with a focus on emotional regulation enhancement.


Assuntos
Transtornos Disruptivos, de Controle do Impulso e da Conduta/terapia , Psicodrama , Psicoterapia de Grupo , Apoio Social , Adulto , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica Breve/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/prevenção & controle
7.
PLoS One ; 14(2): e0212575, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30779787

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychodrama is an experiential psychotherapy in which guided role-play is used to gain insights and work on personal and interpersonal problems and possible solutions. Despite the wealth of literature describing clinical work, psychodrama intervention research is relatively scarce compared to other psychotherapies and psychological interventions. OBJECTIVE: For this reason we implemented the integrative approach to systematic review that authorizes the combination of publications with diverse methodologies and all types of participants, interventions, comparisons, and outcomes. Our aim was to produce a comprehensive summary of psychodrama intervention research in the last decade that critically evaluates methodological issues to inform future studies. METHODS: We searched four major electronic databases (PsycINFO, PubMEd, Scopus by Elsevier, and Web of Science) for peer-reviewed articles on psychodrama interventions published in English between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2017. The quality of qualitative and mixed methods studies was assessed on the basis of pre-established guidelines, and the risk of bias was assessed for all quantitative randomized control studies, consistent with the PRISMA protocol. FINDINGS: The database search and a hand search resulted in 31 psychodrama intervention publications. Overall, these studies examined the effects of psychodrama on more than 20 different outcomes and most studies had adult clients. The next largest group was adolescents, whereas only two studies involved children. Thus psychodrama intervention research in the last decade suggests there are promising results in all methodologies, and highlights the need to enhance methodological as well as reporting quality and to theorize and examine modality-specific mechanisms that lead to therapeutic change. Recommendations to improve methodology, transparency, and specificity in reporting future psychodrama and other psychotherapy research are discussed.


Assuntos
Psicodrama , Viés , Intervenção na Crise , Humanos , Psicodrama/métodos , Psicodrama/tendências , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Psych J ; 7(4): 227-238, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30165728

RESUMO

This pilot study investigated the effects of psychodrama on the counseling skills (mainly empathy) and on increasing the self-awareness of 23 counseling undergraduate students. Participants attended 12 psychodrama sessions over 3 months. Data were gathered by using the Empathic Tendency Scale and a personal information form. The study used the mixed method research design, which combines qualitative and quantitative methods. The quantitative aspect of the study involved the use of pretest-posttest experimental and control group design with random assignment, while the qualitative aspect utilized the methods of case study, observation, and interview. The quantitative and qualitative results showed that psychodrama increased students' empathy, counseling skills, and self-awareness.


Assuntos
Conscientização , Empatia , Psicodrama/métodos , Adulto , Aconselhamento , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
J Aging Stud ; 46: 32-36, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30100116

RESUMO

Life story work is generally regarded as a way for people living with dementia to maintain their connection with the past and facilitate meaningful communication in the present. This paper presents a single-case life story study that highlights themes of care giving and receiving in the interconnecting stories of a mother living with dementia and her adult son. The project methodology was informed by ideas and practices from both drama therapy and narrative therapy and, as such, combined a performative approach to life story work with a creative, collaborative approach to communication. The work is discussed in light of recent conversations about citizenship and dementia (Baldwin, 2008; Baldwin & Greason, 2016; Brannelly, 2016) that highlight the essential interdependence of people's lives and narratives as justification for more egalitarian relationships between people living with dementia and their partners in care.


Assuntos
Crianças Adultas/psicologia , Cuidadores/psicologia , Demência/psicologia , Mães , Narração , Adulto , Comunicação , Feminino , Humanos , Memória Episódica , Psicodrama
11.
Psychodyn Psychiatry ; 46(2): 252-264, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29809112

RESUMO

Psychiatric clinicians are faced with the challenge of remaining flexible and psychotherapeutically relevant to the broadening scope of patients with severe narcissistic and borderline personality disorders. Diagnostic sophistication among mental health professionals, increased availability of psychotherapy services, and economic pressures combine to cause the public to expect cost-effective, successful, and shorter duration of treatments. These treatment challenges are particularly poignant with the treatment of those narcissistic and borderline patients who have meager capacity for insight and limited verbal skills. This article describes the use of psychodynamically oriented and informed psychodrama for the treatment of narcissistic and borderline patients.


Assuntos
Narcisismo , Transtornos da Personalidade/terapia , Psicodrama/métodos , Psicoterapia Psicodinâmica/métodos , Adulto , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Autism Dev Disord ; 48(8): 2701-2713, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29516338

RESUMO

In the present study, we used a multiple baseline design across participants to assess the efficacy of a video modeling intervention to teach six children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to assertively respond to bullying. During baseline, the children made few appropriate responses upon viewing video clips of bullying scenarios. During the video modeling intervention, participants viewed videos of models assertively responding to three types of bullying: physical, verbal bullying, and social exclusion. Results indicated that all six children learned through video modeling to make appropriate assertive responses to bullying scenarios. Four of the six children demonstrated learning in the in situ bullying probes. The results are discussed in terms of an intervention for victims of bullying with ASD.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/terapia , Bullying/psicologia , Psicodrama/métodos , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Bullying/prevenção & controle , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Masculino , Gravação em Vídeo
13.
Sociol Health Illn ; 40(3): 577-592, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29441591

RESUMO

Pain is difficult to communicate and translate into language, yet most social research on pain experience uses questionnaires and semi-structured interviews that rely on words. In addition to the mind/body dualism prevalent in pain medicine in these studies pain communication is characterised by further value-laden binaries such as real/unreal, visible/invisible, and psychological/physical. Starting from the position that research methods play a role in constituting their object, this article examines the potential of participatory arts workshops for developing different versions of pain communication. Twenty-two participants were involved in workshops using drawing, digital photography, sound and physical theatre to explore pain communication. The use of arts materials made pain tangible. By manipulating pain-related objects, participants could consider alternative relationships to their pain. Pain's sociality was also explored, with relations with clinicians and others emerging as potentially cooperative rather than adversarial. Discussions considered whether pain felt internal or external, and whether it was possible to conceive of a self without pain. We argue that the socio-material context of participatory arts workshops enabled these alternative versions of pain. Such methods are a useful addition to medical sociology's heavy reliance on qualitative interviewing.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte/métodos , Doença Crônica , Comunicação , Dor/psicologia , Fotografação/métodos , Relações Médico-Paciente , Emoções , Humanos , Psicodrama , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Projetos de Pesquisa , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Can J Occup Ther ; 85(2): 128-136, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29463135

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Theatre-based interventions use artistic media to facilitate social and emotional awareness and have therapeutic benefits for persons with developmental disabilities and mental health problems. The role of these interventions with Indigenous youth who have emotional, behavioural, and cognitive sequelae related to fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) has not been explored. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences and acceptability of a theatre-based approach for facilitating social communication and engagement in youth with FASD. METHOD: Participants were three Indigenous youth with FASD. A qualitative exploration of the experiences and acceptability of the intervention was conducted via focus groups held 2 weeks post-program participation with the participants, their caregivers, and program facilitators. The transcripts were analyzed using an inductive thematic approach. FINDINGS: Our results identified perceived postintervention improvements in participants' development of self-esteem, social skills, and emotional awareness. IMPLICATIONS: A theatre-based arts intervention has the potential to support improvements in social skills for youth with FASD.


Assuntos
Transtornos do Espectro Alcoólico Fetal/reabilitação , Índios Norte-Americanos , Terapia Ocupacional/métodos , Psicodrama/métodos , Adolescente , Canadá , Criança , Criatividade , Emoções , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Autoeficácia , Habilidades Sociais
15.
Death Stud ; 42(1): 26-34, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29300143

RESUMO

Restorative retelling (RR) is an evidence-based procedure for facilitating adaptation following traumatic bereavement. In this paper, we introduce performative retelling (PR), a variation on RR, which fosters healing from personal losses and portrays personal reactions to collective tragedy. We describe our collaboration with an ex-offender reentry program, the Memphis Police Department, and Playback Theatre to use improvisational community theatre to bridge the gap between law enforcement and the citizens they serve. We review program outcomes to-date and illustrate its impact using participant stories. We argue that training police and citizens in PR can potentially transform broken narratives of police-community relations.


Assuntos
Luto , Homicídio/psicologia , Psicodrama , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Humanos , Polícia
16.
Health (London) ; 22(3): 205-222, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26112801

RESUMO

Through two case studies, the Hearing Voices Movement and Stepping Out Theatre Company, we demonstrate how successful participatory organisations can be seen as 'engines of alternative objectivity' rather than as the subjective other to objective, biomedical science. With the term 'alternative objectivity', we point to collectivisations of experience that are different to biomedical science but are nonetheless forms of objectivity. Taking inspiration from feminist theory, science studies and sociology of culture, we argue that participatory mental health organisations generate their own forms of objectivity through novel modes of collectivising experience. The Hearing Voices Movement cultivates an 'activist science' that generates an alternative objective knowledge through a commitment to experimentation, controlling, testing, recording and sharing experience. Stepping Out distinguishes itself from drama therapy by cultivating an alternative objective culture through its embrace of high production values, material culture, aesthetic standards. A crucial aspect of participatory practice is overcoming alienation, enabling people to get outside of themselves, encounter material worlds and join forces with others.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais/reabilitação , Saúde Mental , Psicodrama/métodos , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Estudos de Casos Organizacionais
17.
Psychoanal Q ; 86(4): 889-918, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29235684

RESUMO

In this paper, the authors analyze the relevance and transformative potential of individual psychoanalytic psychodrama in the treatment of children with severe impairments in symbolization. Central features of this modality, including promoting the representation of early traumatic experiences, are presented and discussed. Specific features include double-envelope containment of the co-therapists' group and play leader, consequent diffraction of the transference-determining portrayal, gradual integration, and initial figuration of coexisting split-off fragments. Drawing on in-depth clinical material, the authors show how psychodrama tempers the potentially traumatic effects of the encounter with the object, allowing these patients to access the transitional area of play.


Assuntos
Teoria Psicanalítica , Terapia Psicanalítica , Psicodrama , Simbolismo , Criança , Humanos , Transferência Psicológica
18.
Soins Psychiatr ; 38(313): 31-33, 2017.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29173571

RESUMO

An individual psychoanalytic psychodrama session with an adolescent treated at the Maison de Solenn shows the benefit of psychodrama role playing. Using the body, the imagination and 'pretend play', this therapy gives access to symbolisation and facilitates the care process.


Assuntos
Terapia Psicanalítica , Psicodrama , Adolescente , Humanos , Imaginação , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Clin Psychol Psychother ; 24(6): O1455-O1463, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28653318

RESUMO

As adolescents spend many hours a day in school, it is crucial to examine the ways in which therapeutic practices in schools promote their well-being. This longitudinal pilot study examined the contribution of school-based psychodrama group therapy to the self-concept dimensions and perceived loneliness of 40 Israeli adolescents (aged 13-16, 60% boys) in public middle schools. From a process-outcome perspective, we also examined the understudied trajectory of adolescents' in-session behaviours (process variables) and its associations with changes in their self-concepts and loneliness (outcome variables). Psychodrama participants reported increases in global, social, and behavioural self-concepts and a decrease in loneliness compared to the control group. In-session productive behaviours increased and resistance decreased throughout the therapy, but varied process-outcome relationships were found. The study suggests that conducting further research into the process-outcome relationships in psychodrama group therapy is warranted to pinpoint specific mechanisms of change. Suggestions for future studies are provided.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Relações Interpessoais , Solidão/psicologia , Psicodrama/métodos , Psicoterapia de Grupo/métodos , Autoimagem , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Israel , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Aging Ment Health ; 21(10): 1079-1089, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27333515

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This paper examines the contribution of a new group of therapeutic interventions for older adults, based on a rudimentary life-review intervention. The intervention includes narrative elements together with drama therapy. The current study examines the influence of this therapeutic intervention on key indicators of mental health and psychological well-being among older adults. METHOD: Fifty-five people (n = 55), ranging in age from 62 to 93, participated in a before-after study design. The following indices - meaning in life, self-acceptance, relationships with others, depressive symptoms, and experience of successful aging - were compared between an intervention group (n = 27) and a care-as-usual control group (n = 28). RESULTS: Repeated measures analyses of variance showed a significant improvement over time in the experimental group. In addition, results also showed time-group interaction regarding the treatment's effectiveness for self-acceptance, relationships with others, sense of meaning in life, sense of successful aging, and depressive symptoms. CONCLUSION: Our findings confirm that the new therapeutic intervention, which integrates life-review with drama therapy, increases self-acceptance, relationships with others, sense of meaning in life, and sense of successful aging; in turn, it also decreases depressive symptoms among older adults. The contribution of this research is based on the development of a therapeutic intervention that combines narrative together with drama therapy tools, which can be used in focused and short-term group treatments with the elderly.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Depressão/terapia , Terapia Narrativa/métodos , Satisfação Pessoal , Psicodrama/métodos , Autoimagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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