Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.548
Filtrar
1.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(5): 383-387, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393006

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the clinical efficiency of laparoscopic gastroduodenostomy with BillrothⅠanastomosis with manual suture. Methods: The clinic data of 36 patients with gastric cancer who underwent laparoscopic gastroduodenostomy with Billroth Ⅰ anastomosis from November 2017 to September 2019 in Department of Gastrointestinal and Pancreatic Surgery, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital were analyzed retrospectively.There were 22 males and 14 females, aged (64.3±9.3) years(range: 43 to 80 years), underwent complete laparoscopic gastroduodenostomy. The laparoscopic manual suture was used for Billroth Ⅰ anastomosis. Results: All the laparoscopic radical gastrectomy and manual suturing gastroduodenostomy were successfully performed. The operation time was (226.7±40.4) minutes (range: 180 to 320 minutes), including (24.8±7.1) minutes (range: 15 to 48 minutes) for gastroduodenostomy.There was (3.8±0.9) days (range: 2 to 6 days) for anal exhaust, (5.7±2.0) days (range: 3 to 13 days) for extubation of gastric tube, and (10.3±3.1) days (range: 7 to 19 days) for hospitalization. There was no death in perioperative period. Postoperative pathological report showed 3 cases of highly differentiated adenocarcinoma, 5 cases of moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma, 22 cases of poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and 6 cases of signet ring cell carcinoma, including 27 cases in T1 stage and 9 cases in T2 stage. The number of lymph nodes harvested was 36.4±8.9 (range: 23 to 60). Lymph node metastasis was positive in 7 cases and negative in 29 cases. TNM stage included 24 cases in ⅠA stage, 8 cases in ⅠB stage and 4 cases in Ⅱ stage. After the operation, the upper digestive tract radiography showed that the anastomosis opening was unobstructed without complications such as anastomotic stenosis. Conclusion: Laparoscopic gastroduodenostomy with Billroth Ⅰ anastomosis with manual suture is safe and feasible, has a good short-term effect.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Gastrectomia/métodos , Gastroenterostomia/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Idoso , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Técnicas de Sutura
2.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 47(2): 322-324, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381976

RESUMO

We describe a case of residual stomach preserving surgery performed under evaluation of residual gastric blood flow with indocyanine green(ICG)fluorography, for gastric cancer with recurrence of splenic lymph node metastasis after distal gastrectomy( DG)in a 65-year-old man. After 4 courses of S-1 plus CDDP(SP)therapy for advanced gastric cancer with ascites, DG, D2 dissection, and Billroth Ⅰ reconstruction were performed and radical resection was obtained(L, Type 3, pap/tub, ypT3N1H0P0CY0M0, ypStage ⅡB). Three years and 6 months after the surgery, a mass 4 cm in diameter was found in the splenic hilum, and a pancreatosplenial resection was performed to remove the tumor for diagnosis and treatment purposes. We confirmed that there was no problem with blood flow, and we were able to preserve the stomach. Intraoperative ICG fluorescence imaging was considered a promising method for evaluating residual gastric blood flow.


Assuntos
Coto Gástrico , Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Gastrectomia , Gastroenterostomia , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Baço
3.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 54, 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32192489

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Distal gastrectomy with lymph node dissection, a standard operative technique for gastric cancer treatment, is safely performed because the stomach has a rich vascular supply. Gastric remnant necrosis caused by cholesterol crystal embolization following distal gastrectomy has not been described previously. We report a case of gastric remnant necrosis in a patient with cholesterol crystal embolization. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old man with a history of cholesterol crystal embolization presented to our surgery department with complaints of anorexia and dysphasia. He was diagnosed with gastric cancer invading the pyloric antrum and underwent distal gastrectomy with Billroth 2 reconstruction. On postoperative day 11, he developed abdominal pain without fever. Emergency laparotomy revealed that most parts of the remnant stomach were necrosed. Total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction and abscess drainage were performed. After surgery, anastomotic leakage occurred and was treated conservatively. However, the superior pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysm suddenly ruptured and he expired. CONCLUSIONS: Gastric remnant necrosis after distal gastrectomy can be a gastrointestinal presentation of cholesterol crystal embolization. Perioperative/intraoperative risk assessments such as preventive total gastrectomy or intraoperative assessment with indocyanine green fluorescence angiography may be desirable to avoid this complication.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/métodos , Coto Gástrico/patologia , Gastroenterostomia/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Idoso , Anastomose em-Y de Roux , Embolia de Colesterol/complicações , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Masculino , Necrose/patologia , Período Pós-Operatório
4.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0230113, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32142547

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The drawback of the delta-shaped gastroduodenostomy (DSG) in totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (TLDG) is the presence of intraoperative duodenal injury and postoperative anastomotic stenosis, which can occur due to a relatively short duodenal bulb diameter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2013 to June 2019, 35 patients with gastric cancer underwent TLDG with a modified DSG consisting of linear stapling and single-layer hand suturing in our institution. All anastomotic procedures were performed by the right hand of the operator positioned between the patient's legs. Linear stapling of the posterior walls of the remnant stomach and duodenum without creating a gap was performed using a 45-mm linear stapler, considering the prevention of intraoperative duodenal injury. The stapler entry hole was closed using a single-layer full-thickness hand suturing technique with knotted sutures and a knotless barbed suture. We described the clinical data and outcomes in the present retrospective patient series. RESULTS: No intraoperative duodenal injury occurred in any of the 35 patients. The median staple length at linear stapling of the posterior walls of the remnant stomach and duodenum was 41.7 ± 4.2 (30-45) mm, and 2 patients (5.7%) had a staple length of 30 mm. There were no incidences of postoperative anastomotic stenosis. CONCLUSIONS: We suggest that a modified DSG consisting of linear stapling and single-layer hand suturing performed by an operator positioned between the patient's legs can be one option for B-Ⅰ reconstruction following TLDG because it can aid in preventing both intraoperative duodenal injury and postoperative anastomotic stenosis.


Assuntos
Constrição Patológica/prevenção & controle , Duodeno/lesões , Gastrectomia/métodos , Gastroenterostomia/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Duodeno/patologia , Feminino , Coto Gástrico/patologia , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Grampeadores Cirúrgicos , Técnicas de Sutura/instrumentação
6.
J Surg Res ; 245: 330-337, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31425872

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The goal of the present retrospective study was to elucidate the efficacy of conserving the celiac branch (CB), which can reduce the adverse reactions of Billroth-Ⅰ (B-Ⅰ) restoration after the laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG). METHODS: Two hundred thirty-three patients with gastric cancer underwent B-Ⅰ reconstruction after LADG with dissection 2 lymphadenectomy from July 2005 to July 2012 and were monitored for 5 y. The patients were separated into 2 groups: celiac branch preserved (P-CB) group (n = 98) and celiac branch resected (R-CB) group (n = 135). In addition to patient information, tumor features, and surgical details, short-term and long-term variables such as bowel condition, surgical complications, and endoscopy findings were evaluated. RESULTS: In short-term efficacy, the time of first flatus and liquid ingestion were slightly shorter in the P-CB group than in the R-CB group (3.84 ± 0.74 versus 4.38 ± 0.71, P = 0.0001; 5.04 ± 1.07 versus 5.67 ± 1.10, P = 0.0001). For long-term efficacy, the incidences of chronic diarrhea, gastroparesis, residual food, bile reflux, and reflux esophagitis were less in the P-CB group compare with the R-CB group (6.1% versus 22.2%, P = 0.001; 5.1% versus 17.8%, P = 0.004; 4.1% versus 17.8%, P = 0.004; 8.2% versus 17.8%, P = 0.036; 8.2% versus 17.8%, P = 0.036). Other parameters such as postoperative ileus and gallstones had a better efficacy trend in the P-CB group but did not suggestively vary among the groups. CONCLUSIONS: The CB has an imperative part in the gastrointestinal motility, and celiac preservation mainly exerts long-term efficacy in patients who underwent B-I surgery with LADG.


Assuntos
Gastroenterostomia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Nervo Vago , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Gastroenterostomia/efeitos adversos , Gastroenterostomia/mortalidade , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
8.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (12): 37-46, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825341

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To formulate the concept of physiological reconstruction of the digestive tract during redo gastric surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 52 patients who underwent redo gastric surgery after previous resections, drainage and antireflux procedures in 2011-2017 at the Vishnevsky National Research Surgical Center. Redo resection of the stomach with Billroth-1 and Hofmeister reconstructions were performed in 5 (9.6%) and 1 patient (1.9%), respectively. Roux-en-Y reconstruction was performed in 4 (7.7%) patients after gastric remnant extirpation. Jejunogastroplasty was used in 30 (57.7%) patients. A segment of the transverse colon as the reconstructive material was used in 2 (3.8%) patients, left colon - in 8 (15.4%) after esophagectomy. One (1.9%) patient underwent extirpation of 'small' stomach and thoracic esophagus after previous gastric bypass. Gastric remnant was used as an isoperistaltic tube for subtotal esophagoplasty. Reconstruction was not possible in only 1 (1.9%) patient after advanced visceral resection for recurrent cancer within esophagojejunostomy due to deficit of visceral material. RESULTS: Postoperative complications were observed in 5 (9.6%) patients. Partial failure of esophagojejunostomy and duodenojejunostomy occurred in 2 (3.8%) and 1 patient (1.9%), respectively. Colon transplant necrosis was noted in 1 (1.9%) patient that required resection followed by colo- and esophagostomy nutrition. One patient died on the 1st postoperative day from progressive multiple organ failure. At the end of the study, 44 (86.2%) out of 51 patients were under follow-up. Good results were revealed in 26 (59.9%) patients, satisfactory outcomes - in 12 (27.4%) patients. Redo surgery was not effective in only 6 (13.7%) patients. CONCLUSION: Evaluation of our results demonstrates complete alleviation of pathological postoperative syndromes after gastric surgery in the majority of patients. Therefore, redo surgery with gastroplasty and restoration of duodenal passage are advisable.


Assuntos
Trato Gastrointestinal/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Duodeno/cirurgia , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Gastroenterostomia/efeitos adversos , Gastroplastia , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18381, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860999

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is no consensus regarding which reconstruction methods are superior after laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (LDG). This study compared four reconstruction methods after LDG for gastric cancer. METHODS: Literature in EMBASE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library was screened to compare Billroth I (B-I), Billroth II (B-II), Roux-en-Y (RY), and uncut Roux-en-Y (URY) anastomoses after LDG for gastric cancer. A Bayesian network meta-analysis (NMA) was conducted to compare these methods. RESULTS: Eighteen studies involving 4347 patients were eligible for our NMA. The operative time in RY anastomosis was longer than that in B-I and B-II anastomoses. Blood loss and risk of gastrointestinal motility dysfunction were greater with RY anastomosis than with URY or B-I anastomosis. Furthermore, URY anastomosis was superior to the other 3 reconstruction methods for preventing food residue. For remnant gastritis, RY anastomosis was significantly superior to B-I and B-II anastomoses, whereas URY anastomosis was significantly superior to B-II anastomosis. In addition, RY and URY anastomoses were better than B-I and B-II anastomoses for preventing bile reflux. CONCLUSIONS: URY anastomosis tended to be a more favorable reconstruction method after LDG due to its operative simplicity and reduced long-term complications.


Assuntos
Anastomose em-Y de Roux/métodos , Gastrectomia , Gastroenterostomia , Laparoscopia , Refluxo Biliar/prevenção & controle , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Motilidade Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Duração da Cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
10.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(11): 1064-1069, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770838

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of the current study is to compare the short-term clinical outcomes between Billroth-I reconstruction using an overlap method and delta-shaped anastomosis in totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (TLDG). Method: A retrospective cohort study was performed. The following inclusion criteria were applied: (1) Preoperative gastroscopy and CT confirmed that the tumor is located in the antrum of the stomach, and the biopsy suggested adenocarcinoma; (2) Chest, abdomen and pelvis enhanced CT showed no evidence of distant metastasis; (3) Preoperative gastric reconstruction CT or endoscopic ultrasonography suggested that the clinical stage of the tumor is stage I-III. (4) During the operation, the tumor position was confirmed to be located in the antrum of the stomach by nanocarbon injection or gastroscope; (5) Complete laparoscopic radical gastrectomy for distal gastrectomy, and the gastrointestinal reconstruction was performed by delta-shaped anastomosis or overlap anastomosis. And the following exclusion criteria were applied: (1) History of gastric surgery; (2) Patients who cannot tolerate laparoscopic surgery because of comorbidities. Finally, data on 43 consecutive patients who underwent TLDG with Billroth-I reconstruction between January 2016 and November 2018 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into those who underwent Billroth-I reconstruction using an overlap method (n=20) or using delta-shaped anastomosis (n=23). The demographic and clinical characteristics and perioperative data of the two groups were analyzed. Measurement data that conformed to the normal distribution were expressed as the mean ± s, and differences between groups were compared using Student's t-test; comparisons between the counting data groups were performed using the χ(2) test or the continuously corrected χ(2) test. Results: The demographic and clinical characteristics were similar between the delta-shaped group and the overlap group (P>0.05). There was no significant difference between groups regarding operation time [(185.9±22.8) minutes vs. (184.0±25.8) minutes, t=0.260, P=0.796], blood loss [(50.9±36.0) ml vs. (47.0±30.8) ml, t=0.375, P=0.709], number of stapler reloads used for anastomosis (5.1±0.3 vs. 5.2±0.6, t=-0.465, P=0.651), time to flatus [(3.3±0.9) days vs. (3.6±0.9) days, t=-1.067, P=0.292) and postoperative hospitalization [(8.8±3.1) days vs. (10.4±3.8) days,t=-1.494, P=0.143]. As for the delta-shaped group and the overlap group, the anastomotic leakage rate was 4.3% (1/23) and 0 (χ(2)=0.000, P=1.000), respectively. The incidence of anastomotic bleeding was 4.3% (1/23) and 5.0% (1/20) (χ(2)=0.000, P=1.000), while the incidence of intra-abdominal hemorrhage was 4.3% (1/23) and 0 (χ(2)=0.000, P=1.000). The incidence of gastric emptying disorders was 4.3% (1/23) and 30.0% (6/20), respectively (χ(2)=3.454, P=0.063). All complications were cured after conservative treatment or symptomatic treatment. Conclusion: The overlap method for Billroth-I reconstruction is safe and feasible.


Assuntos
Gastroenterostomia/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17543, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593134

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the adaptation process of the alimentary tract after distal gastrectomy and understand the impact of remnant stomach volume (RSV) on diet recovery.One year after gastrectomy, although patients' oral intake had increased, the RSV was decreased and small bowel motility was enhanced. Patients with a larger RSV showed no additional benefits regarding nutritional outcomes.We prospectively enrolled patients who underwent distal gastrectomy with Billroth II reconstruction to treat gastric cancer at a tertiary hospital cancer center between September 2009 and February 2012. Demographic data, diet questionnaires, computed tomography (CT), and contrast fluoroscopy findings were collected. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the RSV calculated using CT gastric volume measurements (large vs small). Dietary habits and nutritional status were compared between the groups.Seventy-eight patients were enrolled. Diet volume recovered to 90% of baseline by the 36 postoperative month, and RSV was 70% of baseline at 6 months after surgery and gradually decreased over time. One year after surgery, small bowel transit time was 75% compared to the 1st postoperative month (P < .05); however, transit time in the esophagus and remnant stomach showed no change in any studied interval. Compared to patients with a small RSV, those with a large RSV showed no differences in diet volume, habits, or other nutritional benefits (P > .05).Diet recovery for distal gastrectomy patients was achieved by increased small bowel motility. The size of the remnant stomach showed no positive impact on nutritional outcomes.


Assuntos
Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Gastrectomia/métodos , Coto Gástrico/diagnóstico por imagem , Gastroenterostomia/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adaptação Fisiológica , Idoso , Feminino , Motilidade Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estado Nutricional , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
12.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(10): 1626-1628, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631156

RESUMO

This is a case of a 76-year-old man who had no significant past medical or family history. In the current medical history, in November 2017, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a semicircular protruding lesion in the posterior wall of the gastric antrum, and gastric cancer was diagnosed following biopsy. Endoscopic submucosal dissection(ESD)was performed in the same year for the treatment of gastric cancer(cT1aN0M0). Pathological findings after ESD treatment showed invasion into the submucosa requiring non-curative resection. For this reason, laparoscopic pylorus side gastrectomy(D1 dissection)and Billroth Ⅰ reconstruction were performed as additional procedures in March 2018. The patient was discharged on the 10th postoperative day and was followed-up on an outpatient basis. On the postoperative day 14, he was re-admitted with complaints of upper abdominal pain and exacerbation of inflammation. Medical treatment, such as antibiotic administration was followed, however, a high degree of inflammatory response, renal dysfunction, and occult blood in urine were observed. Because of suspicion of vasculitis-related nephritis, the case was diagnosed as anti-GBM antibody type rapid progressive nephritis. We came across a case of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis after laparoscopic pylorus side gastrectomy performed for early gastric cancer, and hence, We will review the related literature.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Gastrectomia , Gastroenterostomia , Humanos , Masculino
13.
In Vivo ; 33(6): 1993-1999, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31662529

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study examined whether functional outcomes of linear-stapled Billroth I (LS-BI) in totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (TLDG) are comparable to those of circular-stapled Billroth I (CS-BI) in laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients with gastric cancer undergoing TLDG with LS-BI (n=50) or LADG with CS-BI (n=50). Postoperative endoscopic findings of the remnant stomach and nutritional status were evaluated. RESULTS: The occurrence of grade 2 or more severe remnant gastritis in the LS-BI group (46.0%) was significantly higher than that in the CS-BI group (18.0%) (p=0.005), whereas there was no significant difference in the incidence of residual food and bile reflux between the two groups. Postoperative changes in body weight, and serum albumin and total protein levels were similar between the two groups. CONCLUSION: TLDG with LS-BI may be a good alternative to LADG with CS-BI because of its comparable nutritional outcomes, but with a higher occurrence of remnant gastritis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Gastrectomia/métodos , Gastroenterostomia/métodos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(36): 5494-5504, 2019 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576095

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopy-assisted pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (LAPPG) was known to have benefits of function-preserving surgery compared to laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG). However, in clinical settings, delayed gastric emptying and esophageal reflux following LAPPG can be serious issues, making surgeons reluctant to perform LAPPG. It is unclear that LAPPG had better long-term functional outcomes and quality of life compared to LADG. AIM: To evaluate the long-term functional outcomes and patient-reported quality of life of LAPPG compared to those of LADG. METHODS: We reviewed the clinicopathological data of 195 patients who underwent LADG with Billroth II anastomosis and 101 patients who underwent LAPPG for cT1N0 gastric cancer in the middle third of the stomach between 2012 and 2015. Postoperative complications, nutritional parameters, and survey results of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Questionnaire C30 and STO22 questionnaire were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The serum hemoglobin level was significantly higher in the LAPPG group than in the LADG group (P < 0.001). In the endoscopic findings, incidence of bile reflux was lower (P < 0.001); however, the incidence of residual food was higher in the LAPPG group than in the LADG group (P < 0.001). Regarding the quality of life score, the LAPPG group had a better physical functioning score (86.7 vs 90.0, P = 0.032) but also greater pain and reflux when compared to the LADG group [8.3 vs 16.7 in pain, 11.1 (interquartile range, 0, 22.2) vs 11.1 (interquartile range, 11.1, 33.3) in reflux, P = 0.034 and 0.001, respectively]. CONCLUSION: LAPPG is beneficial to recovery of anemia and to bile reflux, however, it might be unfavorable in terms of pain and reflux symptoms compared to LADG with Billroth II anastomosis.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/epidemiologia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão/efeitos adversos , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Piloro/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Gastrectomia/métodos , Gastroenterostomia/efeitos adversos , Gastroenterostomia/métodos , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/etiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão/métodos , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci ; 26(11): 517-523, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532908

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the advancement of robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy (RPD), several reconstruction methods have been advocated to make RPD more effective and safer. In this study, we investigated the safety and effectiveness of RPD using a left retrocolic (L-port) technique and compared it with those of RPD using an antecolic technique. METHODS: Between October 2015 and August 2016, we retrospectively reviewed consecutive cases of RPD before and after introducing the L-port technique for gastrointestinal reconstruction. The L-port technique was mainly performed for retrocolic gastrojejunal reconstruction and some cases of duodenojejunal reconstruction. The perioperative and postoperative outcomes were compared in the two groups. RESULTS: Eighty-three cases of RPD were retrieved for statistical analysis. Compared with the antecolic group, the L-port group was significantly associated with a shorter operative time (median time [IQR] 345 [307-384] min vs. 390 [370-455] min, P < 0.001), reconstruction time (54 [48-59] min vs. 84 [75-98] min, P < 0.001) and lower incidence of delayed gastric emptying. There were no cases of re-operation due to internal herniation, colonic ischemia, or bowel volvulus in the L-port group during the 1-year follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrated that the L-port technique of RPD is a safe and feasible technique for gastrointestinal reconstruction.


Assuntos
Doenças do Sistema Digestório/cirurgia , Gastroenterostomia/métodos , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Idoso , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Duodeno/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Jejuno/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Estômago/cirurgia
17.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (8): 91-94, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464282

RESUMO

A successful administration of NPWT-therapy combined with Reamberin infusion for gastroenterostomy failure after stomach resection is reported in the article. It was noted that antioxidant/antihypoxic drug Reamberin combined with NPWT-therapy has a positive metabolic effect and results more active and rapid healing of the wounds. The absence of adverse effects of the drug allows us to recommend its inclusion into complex treatment of patients with this pathology.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Gastrectomia/métodos , Gastroenterostomia/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/uso terapêutico , Meglumina/análogos & derivados , Tratamento de Ferimentos com Pressão Negativa , Estômago/cirurgia , Succinatos/uso terapêutico , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Meglumina/uso terapêutico , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
Rev Gastroenterol Peru ; 39(2): 187-192, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31333239

RESUMO

Anastomotic leakages at the gastrojejunostomy site are difficult to repair, due to complex gastrointestinal anatomy. This is the first study reporting clinical use of rectus abdominis muscle (RAM) flap for repair of gastrojejunostomy leakage. A patient with leakage of gastrojejunostomy after distal gastrectomy with Billrroth II anastomosis for gastric cancer underwent repair using left RAM flap, based on superior epigastric artery. Rectus abdominis muscle flap, after being harvested was then anchored to the edges of the leak of gastrojejunostomy with few interrupted 2-0 vicryl sutures. Gastrojejunostomy leak sealed in the two cases. Rectus abdominis muscle flap for closure of gastrointestinal defect is a simple, technically easy and dependable procedure, which can be performed, quickly in critically ill patients. It can be used for repair of a large gastrointestinal defect with friable edges when omentum is not available or when other conventional methods are impractical.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica/cirurgia , Gastrectomia/métodos , Derivação Gástrica , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Feminino , Gastroenterostomia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reto do Abdome/transplante
19.
Trials ; 20(1): 428, 2019 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31300019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is the fourth most common malignant disease worldwide, with lower one-third gastric cancer the most common type. Distal gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection was recommended as a standard surgery for distal gastric cancer patients. However, some controversy remains about the anastomosis of the residual stomach and the intestine. The objectives of this trial are to test the hypothesis that uncut Roux-en-Y anastomosis can reduce postoperative complications and improve nutritional status more effectively than Billroth II anastomosis in gastric cancer patients after D2 gastrectomy. METHODS/DESIGN: This multi-center, prospective, phase III, randomized controlled trial will compare the efficacy of uncut Roux-en-Y anastomosis versus Billroth II anastomosis in phase I-III patients with initial treatment of radical distal gastrectomy. Patients will be randomized to undergo either the intervention (uncut Roux-en-Y anastomosis) or the control (Billroth II anastomosis). We will recruit 832 patients who meet the trial eligibility criteria and will follow the patients after surgery to observe postoperative complications and nutrition status for 5 years. The primary assessment indices of the study are reflux gastritis, esophagitis, bile regurgitation, and anastomotic ulcer. The secondary assessment indices are nutritional status, quality of life, perioperative complications, overall survival rate, and others. When the number of cases reaches 400, an interim analysis will be performed to identify any evidence of definite superiority of the experimental intervention. DISCUSSION: We aim to test the hypothesis that uncut Roux-en-Y anastomosis can reduce postoperative complications and improve nutritional status more than Billroth II anastomosis in gastric cancer patients after D2 gastrectomy. The results of the trial will contribute to the best evidence on which to base the reconstruction of distal gastrectomy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Southern Gastric Cancer Conference CSGC002 Trial. ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02763878 . Registered on 5 May 2016.


Assuntos
Anastomose em-Y de Roux/efeitos adversos , Gastrectomia , Gastroenterostomia/efeitos adversos , Estado Nutricional , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , China , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Estudos de Equivalência como Asunto , Feminino , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
20.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(24): 3091-3107, 2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31293344

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with Billroth II gastrectomy has been considered a challenging procedure due to the surgically altered gastrointestinal anatomy. However, there has been a paucity of comparative studies regarding ERCP in Billroth II gastrectomy cases because of procedure-related morbidity and mortality and practical and ethical limitations. This systematic and comprehensive review was performed to obtain a recent perspective on ERCP in Billroth II gastrectomy patients. AIM: To systematically review the literature regarding ERCP in Billroth II gastrectomy patients. METHODS: A systematic review was performed on the literature published between May 1975 and January 2019. The following electronic databases were searched: PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library. The outcomes of successful afferent loop intubation and successful selective cannulation and occurrence of adverse events were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 43 studies involving 2669 patients were included. The study designs were 36 (83.7%) retrospective cohort studies, 4 (9.3%) retrospective comparative studies, 2 (4.7%) prospective comparative studies, and 1 (2.3%) prospective cohort study. Of a total of 2669 patients, there were 1432 cases (55.6%) of side-viewing endoscopy, 664 (25.8%) cases of forward-viewing endoscopy, 171 (6.6%) cases of balloon-assisted enteroscopy, 169 (6.6%) cases of anterior oblique-viewing endoscopy, 64 (2.5%) cases of dual-lumen endoscopy, 31 (1.2%) cases of colonoscopy, and 14 (0.5%) cases of multiple bending endoscopy. The overall success rate of afferent loop intubation was 91.3% (2437/2669), and the overall success rate of selective cannulation was 87.9% (2346/2437). A total of 195 cases (7.3%) of adverse events occurred. The success rates of afferent loop intubation and the selective cannulation rate for each type of endoscopy were as follows: side-viewing endoscopy 98.2% and 95.3%; forward-viewing endoscopy 97.4% and 95.2%; balloon-assisted enteroscopy 95.4% and 97.5%; oblique-viewing endoscopy 94.1% and 97.5%; and dual-lumen endoscopy 82.8% and 100%, respectively. The rate of bowel perforation was slightly higher in side-viewing endoscopy (3.6%) and balloon-assisted enteroscopy (4.1%) compared with forward-viewing endoscopy (1.7%) and anterior oblique-viewing endoscopy (1.2%). Mortality only occurred in side-viewing endoscopy (n = 9, 0.6%). CONCLUSION: The performance of ERCP in the Billroth II gastrectomy population has been improving with choice of various type of endoscope and sphincter management. More comparative studies are needed to determine the optimal strategy to perform safe and effective ERCP in Billroth II gastrectomy patients.


Assuntos
Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/métodos , Endoscópios , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Gastroenterostomia/efeitos adversos , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/efeitos adversos , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/instrumentação , Gastrectomia/métodos , Gastroenterostomia/métodos , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA