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1.
Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr ; 69(4): 289-304, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615896

RESUMO

School-based Mindfulness Programs for Children and Adolescents Mindfulness is a mental state achieved by focusing one's awareness on the present moment, while calmly acknowledging and accepting one's bodily sensations, sensory feedback, thoughts, and feelings. Mindfulness interventions can improve proprioception, direction of attention, and emotion regulation. An accepting attitude towards thoughts and feelings reduces the experience of stress so that it is easier to cope with stressful situations. The regular practice of mindfulness exercises affects neurobiological mechanisms, which can lead to an improvement of executive functions as well as psychological health. Metaanalyses provide evidence of small effects of mindfulness interventions in schools, both in cognitive areas (executive functions, concentration, memory) and in emotional areas (anxiety, depressivity, wellbeing). The focus of this review article is on German and English-language mindfulness programmes for children and adolescents in schools, which have already been the subject of initial evaluation studies. This study presents the programmes Paws b, Mind Up, and Mehr Ruhe for children, and .b, Mind Up, AISCHU, and 8sam for adolescents, together with their evaluation results. The conclusion discusses open questions concerning conceptual and methodological issues.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Atenção Plena , Psicologia do Adolescente , Psicologia da Criança , Serviços de Saúde Mental Escolar , Adolescente , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Ansiedade/terapia , Criança , Cognição , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Depressão/terapia , Emoções , Função Executiva , Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas
2.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 38(2): 115-118, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32611855

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the content of oral habit videos on YouTube™. Materials and Methods: The four keywords "Oral Habits," "Thumb Sucking," "Tongue Thrust", and "Finger Sucking" relevant terms oral habits were searched on YouTube™. The videos sorted by view count were screened and evaluated. The following exclusion criteria were defined as; non-English videos, unrelated to a topic, poor audio-video quality, and duplication. A hundred videos were analyzed for general video characteristics (number of views, likes, dislikes, number of comments, and uploaded date) the purpose of the video, information content, audio-visual quality, and viewers' interaction index. Results: The top hundred videos have been viewed an average of 26,870.83 times. Most videos were uploaded by dentists (n = 29; 29.0%). Most of the videos (44.0%) were classified as having moderate general information content and 38.0% were rated as good, and 18.0% were rated as poor. Videos generally involved information about oral habits (82.0%), followed by personal experience (12.0%). The viewers' interaction index of all evaluated YouTube™ videos was 0.59. Good content videos had a significantly higher interaction index than the other groups (P = 0.011). Conclusions: YouTube™ videos about the oral habits are generally inadequate and patients must be recommended to view them with caution. High quality and more informative videos about oral habits in dentistry should be uploaded to YouTube™ by professionals.


Assuntos
Mídias Sociais , Emoções , Hábitos , Humanos , Gravação em Vídeo
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32599811

RESUMO

Many countries are taking strict quarantine policies to prevent the rapid spread of COVID-19 (Corona Virus Disease 2019) around the world, such as city lockdown. Cities in China and Italy were locked down in the early stage of the pandemic. The present study aims to examine and compare the impact of COVID-19 lockdown on individuals' psychological states in China and Italy. We achieved the aim by (1) sampling Weibo users (geo-location = Wuhan, China) and Twitter users (geo-location = Lombardy, Italy); (2) fetching all the users' published posts two weeks before and after the lockdown in each region (e.g., the lockdown date of Wuhan was 23 January 2020); (3) extracting the psycholinguistic features of these posts using the Simplified Chinese and Italian version of Language Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) dictionary; and (4) conducting Wilcoxon tests to examine the changes in the psycholinguistic characteristics of the posts before and after the lockdown in Wuhan and Lombardy, respectively. Results showed that individuals focused more on "home", and expressed a higher level of cognitive process after a lockdown in both Wuhan and Lombardy. Meanwhile, the level of stress decreased, and the attention to leisure increased in Lombardy after the lockdown. The attention to group, religion, and emotions became more prevalent in Wuhan after the lockdown. Findings provide decision-makers timely evidence on public reactions and the impacts on psychological states in the COVID-19 context, and have implications for evidence-based mental health interventions in two countries.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Psicolinguística , Quarentena , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Emoções , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Mídias Sociais
4.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(12): 7155-7163, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32633412

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Social distancing is crucial in order to flatten the curve of COVID-19 virus spreading. Isolation, scarcity of resources and the lack of social contacts may have produced a negative impact on people's emotions and psychological well-being. This study aims to explore the reasons and the ways through which social distancing generates negative emotions in individuals who experienced the lockdown. To a larger extent, the objective is to check the existence of relations between negative emotions and the satisfaction of basic needs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In Italy 140,656 online interviews were collected from March 22 to April 2, 2020. Data analysis was carried out using mono and bivariate statistical analysis, K-means clustering and the Principal Components Analysis (PCA). The parameters for the identification of six clusters were: the intensity of the respondent's basic emotions and the layers of Maslow's hierarchy of needs. RESULTS: The majority of people involved in an emergency situation, implying a collapse of social contacts, experience some kind of emotional reactions. In our study, we found a correlation between basic emotions and Maslow's hierarchy of needs. In times of crisis, the most basic needs are the physiological ones. Fear, anger and sadness are predominant in all population groups; anger and disgust mainly appear when people are exposed to the risk of not being able to meet subsistence needs, thus perceiving a lack of economic security. CONCLUSIONS: The well-known Maslow's theory of human needs seems to fit well with the outbreak of negative emotions in the context of COVID-19. This study demonstrates the existence of links between negative emotions and primary needs that mainly refer to the first three levels of Maslow's pyramid. As a result of COVID-19 worldwide pandemic, many people have been sucked into the bottom layers of the pyramid. This change in individual basic needs has triggered a relevant transformation in individual emotional status and a shift towards negative emotions.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Emoções , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Comportamento Social , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Itália , Masculino , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 127(6): 373-381, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32716401

RESUMO

Work stress and burnout among Dutch dentists have been studied in the past; since then, however, considerable changes have taken place in practicing dentistry. The aim of this study was to investigate whether these changes are reflected in reported burnout and stress. Also, the study sought to investigate whether burnout could be associated with making mistakes during treatment or being confronted with a formal complaint. 500 Dutch dentists were randomly selected for an online survey, 105 of whom responded (21%); 50.5% male and 49.5% female. Higher mean scores on emotional exhaustion (EE) and personal accomplishment (PA) were reported, compared to previous results, and to reference scores from the burnout measuring manual, and lower mean scores on depersonalisation (DP) compared to reference scores. No gender differences were found for burnout. Women reported more work stress on Patient Contacts and Considerations about work. The 36 to 45-year-old age group reported higher mean scores on burnout and work stress. Having been confronted with patient complaints was associated with higher scores on DP, while worrying about making mistakes was associated with higher scores on EE and DP. Burnout is a relevant topic for dentists, which appears to be most prominent at middle age. Recognising, and knowing how to deal with, demanding aspects of work is a crucial means to prevent burnout.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Adulto , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(27): e20784, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629661

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effect of hospice care on the quality of life and negative emotion of advanced tumor patients systematically, which compared with routine nursing mode, improving the quality of life of advanced tumor patients, reducing the negative emotion of advanced tumor patients, and providing evidence-based medicine for better implementation of targeted service of hospice care. METHODS: Computer retrieval network electronic database: Retrieval CNKI, Chinese clinical trial registry, WANFANG database, China Biology Medicine disc, CQVIP database, PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and Web of Science database on the clinical research of hospice care on the quality of life and negative emotions of advanced tumor patients. While dating from the references included in the study, manually retrieving relevant tabloids, papers, and related journals without electronic version. The retrieval strategy adopts the combination of subject words and free words. The range of searching time was from the beginning of each database to April 1, 2020. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, the 2 researchers selected the literature and extracted the data independently, and used the Cochrane system evaluator manual 5.1.0 to conduct a bias risk assessment of the literature, which was finally included in the study. If two researchers disagree in the process of literature selection, a third researcher is invited to join in, discuss the issues that have differences, and then make a decision. RevMan 5.3.3 software and Stata 14.0 software were used to conduct the meta-analysis of the included research. RESULTS: According to the process of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P), this study will be carried out strictly, and the results of research will be published publicly in high-quality international academic journals with peer review. CONCLUSION: Through the study, we will arrive at whether hospice care has advantages in improving the quality of life and negative emotion of advanced tumor patients, which compared with routine nursing mode, and the formulation of individualized hospice care strategy to provide the basis for the application of hospice care in the treatment of end stage tumor patients. REGISTRATION: OSF platform, registration number: 47enh.


Assuntos
Emoções , Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida , Neoplasias/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida/psicologia , Humanos , Neoplasias/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32635495

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused thousands of deaths in China. Prior research suggests that individuals' perceived severity of COVID-19 is related to a range of negative emotional and behavioral reactions among the Chinese public. However, scant research has examined the underlying mechanisms. Drawing upon the risk-resilience model, this study proposes that self-control, as a resilient factor, would potentially moderate the association between perceived severity of COVID-19 and mental health problems. Data from a national survey was used to examine this idea. Participants were 4607 citizens from 31 regions in China (Mage = 23.71 years, 72.5% female) who completed a national survey at the beginning of February 2020. Results of hierarchical regression showed that after controlling for a number of demographic variables, perceived severity of COVID-19 and self-control were positively and negatively related to mental health problems, respectively. More importantly, self-control moderated the "perceived severity of COVID-19-mental health problems" association, with this link attenuating as the levels of self-control increased. These findings suggest that compared to those with high self-control, individuals with low self-control are more vulnerable and are more in need of psychological aids to maintain mental health in the encounter of the COVID-19 outbreak. Practically, enhancing individuals' self-control ability might be a promising way to improve individuals' mental health during the early period of the COVID-19 outbreak.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Autocontrole/psicologia , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Coronavirus , Surtos de Doenças , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32645962

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus disease, COVID-19, is a highly contagious infectious disease declared by the World Health Organization to be a pandemic and a global public health emergency. During outbreaks, health care workers are submitted to an enormous emotional burden as they must balance the fundamental "duty to treat" with their parallel duties to family and loved ones. The aims of our study were to evaluate disease perceptions, levels of stress, emotional distress, and coping strategies among medical staff (COVID-19 versus non-COVID-19 departments) in a tertiary pulmonology teaching hospital in the first month after the outbreak of COVID-19. One hundred and fifteen health care workers completed four validated questionnaires (the brief illness perception questionnaire, perceived stress scale, the profile of emotional distress emotional, and the cognitive coping evaluation questionnaire) that were afterwards interpreted by one psychologist. There was a high level of stress and psychological distress among health care workers in the first month after the pandemic outbreak. Interestingly, there were no differences between persons that worked in COVID-19 departments versus those working in non-COVID-19 departments. Disease perceptions and coping mechanisms were similar in the two groups. As coping mechanisms, refocusing on planning and positive reappraisal were used more than in the general population. There is no difference in disease perceptions, levels of stress, emotional distress, and coping strategies in medical staff handling COVID-19 patients versus those staff who were not handling COVID-19 patients in the first month after the pandemic outbreak.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Angústia Psicológica , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Corpo Clínico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Romênia/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32646034

RESUMO

Korea's Daegu Metropolitan City once had the second highest rate of COVID-19 infection after Wuhan in China. Following the outbreak, the government provided the first national disaster relief fund to citizens as financial aid. This study investigated whether the sense of regional belonging, pride, and mental health among 550 citizens of Daegu differed between the times before and after COVID-19, based on the presence or absence of the disaster relief fund. Frequency analysis, descriptive statistical analysis, and t-tests were conducted using the SPSS 25.0 program. Results showed that the sense of belonging was higher after COVID-19 than before, while pride was lower. Individuals who received the disaster relief fund showed higher levels of regional belonging and pride with statistical significance. The prevalence of melancholy and depression increased after COVID-19, but the presence or absence of the fund did not lead to a significant difference. Thus, in case of a future national disaster level, provision of the disaster relief fund can raise the sense of regional belonging and pride, in order to elicit communication among local residents toward overcoming difficulties. Furthermore, during challenging disaster situations, central and local governments should provide diverse programs for the citizens' mental health care.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Desastres/economia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Fatores Sociológicos , Adulto , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Cidades , Infecções por Coronavirus/economia , Emoções , Feminino , Administração Financeira , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/economia , Pneumonia Viral/economia , República da Coreia , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Music Ther ; 57(3): 353-378, 2020 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32651585

RESUMO

Patients diagnosed with both substance use disorder (SUD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often experience hypervigilance, increased fear, and difficulties regulating emotions. This dual diagnosis increases treatment complexity. Recently, a short-term music therapy intervention for arousal and attention regulation (the SMAART intervention) was designed based on neurobiological findings. Twelve patients with SUD and PTSD (50% females) in outpatient treatment participated in six weekly one-hour sessions of the SMAART intervention. Six patients completed the study. PTSD symptom severity was evaluated with the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Scale Interview for DSM-5 (PSSI-5) pre- and post-intervention, and sustained attention was evaluated with the Bourdon-Wiersma (BW) test. A significant difference in measurements for the PSSI-5 overall symptom severity was found pre- and post-intervention. Furthermore, participants showed significant improvement on subscales of hyperarousal, mood and cognition, and attention. The BW test completion time decreased significantly. Two participants dropped out before the end of the intervention due to craving. Concerning future research, it is recommended to define the role of the music more explicitly and to change the design to a randomized controlled trial. A risk for future larger studies is a high dropout rate (50%). Several limitations of the study are discussed.


Assuntos
Nível de Alerta/fisiologia , Atenção/fisiologia , Musicoterapia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/complicações , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/complicações , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia , Adulto , Emoções , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Br J Soc Psychol ; 59(3): 594-606, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32602596

RESUMO

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, societies face the formidable challenge of developing sustainable forms of sociability-cumsocial-distancing - enduring social life while containing the virus and preventing new outbreaks. Accordant public policies often balance between retributive (punishment-based) and assistance (solidarity-based) measures to foster responsible behaviour. Yet, the uncontrolled spreading of the disease has divided public opinion about which measures are best suited, and it has made salient group disparities in behaviour, potentially straining intergroup relations, elevating heated emotions, and undercutting coordinated international responses. In a 2 × 2 between-subjects experiment, British citizens (N = 377) read about national in-group or outgroup members (categorical differentiation), who were either conforming to or deviating from the corona regulations (normative differentiation). Participants then reported moral emotions towards the target national group and indicated support for public policies. In general, support for assistance policies outweighed support for retributive measures. Second, however, norm deviation was associated with less positive and more negative moral emotions, the latter category further relating to more punitiveness and less assistance support. Finally, respondents who read about norm-violating outgroup members especially reported support for retributive measures, indicating that people might use norm deviation to justify outgroup derogation. We discuss implications for policymakers and formulate future research avenues.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Processos Grupais , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Punição/psicologia , Distância Social , Adulto , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/legislação & jurisprudência , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Emoções , Feminino , Política de Saúde , Comportamentos de Risco à Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Princípios Morais , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Opinião Pública , Reino Unido
12.
Behav Brain Sci ; 43: e138, 2020 06 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32616086

RESUMO

A crucial aspect of Gilead and colleagues' ontology is the dichotomy between tangible and intangible representations, but the latter remains rather ill-defined. We propose a fundamental role for interoceptive experience and the statistical distribution of entities in language, especially for intangible representations, that we believe Gilead and colleagues' ontology needs to incorporate.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Emoções
13.
Behav Brain Sci ; 43: e136, 2020 06 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32624049

RESUMO

We leverage the notion that abstraction enables prediction to generate novel insights and hypotheses for the literatures on attitudes and mate preferences. We suggest that ideas about liking (e.g., evaluations of categories or overall traits) are more abstract than experiences of liking (e.g., evaluations of particular exemplars), and that ideas about liking may facilitate mental travel beyond the here-and-now.


Assuntos
Atitude , Emoções , Encéfalo
15.
Behav Brain Sci ; 43: e139, 2020 06 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32645794

RESUMO

Gilead et al. present a rich account of abstraction. Though the account describes several elements which influence mental representation, it is worth also delineating how feelings, such as fluency and emotion, influence mental simulation. Additionally, though past experience can sometimes make simulations more accurate and worthwhile (as Gilead et al. suggest), many systematic prediction errors persist despite substantial experience.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Emoções
16.
Hastings Cent Rep ; 50(3): 4, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32596906

RESUMO

An account of an experience with contracting an illness that may well have been Covid-19 gives rise to reflections on doubt and on the art of dying well. The upshot: our mortality remains a fundamentally disorienting condition of our existence. If there's any wisdom to be had concerning our deaths, it likely lies in the direction of accepting their deranging character, rather than in searching for the philosophical insight that will reconcile us to our fate.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Emoções , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade
17.
Crim Behav Ment Health ; 30(2-3): 141-150, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32483870

RESUMO

Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) is a therapy model incorporating elements of Eastern philosophies and cognitive behavioural principles. Originally designed for people struggling with chronic suicidality and borderline personality disorder (BPD), it has been adapted to treat complex, multi-diagnostic presentations, such as those in forensic mental health settings. To date, there has been little evaluation when the primary diagnosis is of psychosis. To explore the effectiveness of DBT, with patients, with multiple comorbidities, including psychosis, in a forensic psychiatric inpatient setting. A descriptive outcome study with a cohort of offender-patients in one specialist forensic mental health unit. Before and after treatment change scores were compared on anger, aggression, hopefulness, coping abilities, emotional intelligence, insight and subjective symptom severity scales, as well as staff-rated risk, and length of stay. Nine men and five women residents in one Canadian secure hospital completed a standard DBT programme, and self-ratings, over about 1 year. Scale scores indicated significantly increased insight and acknowledgment of problems. Apparently increased anger and vengeance scores were clinically associated. Independent staff ratings indicated reductions in risk and most patients achieved early release. This study provides support for extension of the use of DBT to offender-patients with psychosis among the complex mix in their presentation. It suggests that a randomised controlled trial with cost-benefit analysis is warranted, as well as further work, to promote understanding of mechanisms of effectiveness.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/terapia , Criminosos/psicologia , Terapia do Comportamento Dialético/métodos , Psiquiatria Legal/métodos , Prisioneiros/psicologia , Violência/prevenção & controle , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Agressão , Ira , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/diagnóstico , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/psicologia , Canadá , Inteligência Emocional , Emoções , Feminino , Esperança , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inventário de Personalidade , Transtornos Psicóticos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Eur Psychiatry ; 63(1): e52, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32475365

RESUMO

As COVID-19 has plagued our world, the term "social distancing" has been widely used with the aim to encourage the general population to physically distance themselves from others in order to reduce the spread of the virus. However, this term can have unintended but detrimental effects, as it evokes negative feelings of being ignored, unwelcome, left alone with one's own fears, and even excluded from society. These feelings may be stronger in people with mental illnesses and in socio-economically disadvantaged groups, such as stigmatized minorities, migrants, and homeless persons [1], many of them also having high risk for suicidal behaviors [2]. Mental health disorders are pervasive worldwide; the global burden accounting for approximately 21.2-32.4% of years lived with disability-more than any other group of illnesses [3]. So, the vulnerable group of people with mental health disorders represents a considerable share of the total global population.


Assuntos
Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Emoções , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Terminologia como Assunto , Criança , Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia , Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Estereotipagem , Populações Vulneráveis/psicologia , Populações Vulneráveis/estatística & dados numéricos
19.
Ideggyogy Sz ; 73(05-06): 199-205, 2020 05 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32579310

RESUMO

Background and purpose: Cognitive dysfunction (CD) is a common non-motor symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). Alexithy-mia is a still poorly understood neuropsychiatric feature of PD. Cognitive impairment (especially visuospatial dysfunction and executive dysfunction) and alexithymia share com-mon pathology of neuroanatomical structures. We hypo-thesized that there must be a correlation between CD and alexithymia levels considering this relationship of neuroanatomy. Objective - The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between alexithymia and neurocognitive function in patients with PD. Methods: Thirty-five patients with PD were included in this study. The Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20 (TAS-20), Geriatric Depression Inventory (GDI) and a detailed neuropsychological evaluation were performed. Results: Higher TAS-20 scores were negatively correlated with Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) similarities test score (r =-0.71, p value 0.02), clock drawing test (CDT) scores (r=-0.72, p=0.02) and verbal fluency (VF) (r=-0.77, p<0.01). Difficulty identifying feelings subscale score was negatively correlated with CDT scores (r=-0.74, p=0.02), VF scores (r=-0.66, p=0.04), visual memory immediate recall (r=-0.74, p=0.01). VF scores were also correlated with difficulty describing feelings (DDF) scores (r=-0.66, p=0.04). There was a reverse relationship bet-ween WAIS similarities and DDF scores (r=-0.70, p=0.02), and externally oriented-thinking (r=-0.77,p<0.01). Executive function Z score was correlated with the mean TAS-20 score (r=-62, p=0.03) and DDF subscale score (r=-0.70, p=0.01). Conclusion: Alexithymia was found to be associated with poorer performance on visuospatial and executive function test results. We also found that alexithymia was significantly correlated with depressive symptoms. Presence of alexithymia should therefore warn the clinicians for co-existing CD.


Assuntos
Sintomas Afetivos/diagnóstico , Transtornos Cognitivos/fisiopatologia , Depressão/psicologia , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Adulto , Sintomas Afetivos/complicações , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Idoso , Transtornos Cognitivos/complicações , Transtornos Cognitivos/psicologia , Disfunção Cognitiva , Depressão/complicações , Emoções , Humanos , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Doença de Parkinson/psicologia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
20.
Cien Saude Colet ; 25(suppl 1): 2447-2456, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32520288

RESUMO

The scope of this work is to explore the feelings and expectations that COVID-19 has generated in Argentina during the first stage of the pandemic. A survey of the World Health Organization adapted to the local context was applied. Open-ended questions were included to study people's feelings about COVID-19, and content analysis was subsequently conducted. In terms of results, it is revealed that the population surveyed feels uncertainty, fear and anguish, albeit a feeling of responsibility and care in the face of COVID-19 also emerges. Moreover, positive feelings regarding society stand out as an achievement of social interdependence. The results obtained show that the impact on mental health differs in accordance with gender, educational level, and perceived comfort in the home. The study concludes that the emotional and bonding dimensions of people are central to confronting the COVID-19 pandemic in Argentina. It is recommended that these dimensions, as well as their subjective and differential social impact among the different population groups, should be considered in the planning of policies to address the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Emoções , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Argentina/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Medo , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação do Impacto na Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Incerteza , Populações Vulneráveis/psicologia
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