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3.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 80 Suppl 4: 1-26, 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897867

RESUMO

Treating an anticoagulated patient with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) remains a challenge, especially in areas where dicoumarins are still the first drug of choice due to the cost of other oral anticoagulants. Anticoagulation clinics have proven to be the most efficient and safe way to avoid thrombotic and hemorrhagic complications and to keep patients in optimal treatment range. However, they require adequate infrastructure and trained personnel to work properly. In this Argentine consensus we propose a series of guidelines for the effective management of the anticoagulation clinics. The goal is to achieve the excellence in both the clinical healthcare and the hemostasis laboratory for the anticoagulated patient. The criteria developed in the document were agreed upon by a large group of expert specialists in hematology and biochemistry from all over the country. The criteria presented here must always be considered when indicating VKA although they had to be adapted to the unequal reality of each center. Taking these premises into consideration will allow us to optimize the management of the anticoagulated patient with VKA and thus minimize thrombotic and hemorrhagic intercurrences, in order to honor our promise not to harm the patient.


Assuntos
Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/organização & administração , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores , Administração Oral , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/normas , Consenso , Humanos , Coeficiente Internacional Normatizado
4.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 645, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873242

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During the outbreak of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq that started in 2015, the course of the disease and the treatment were not consistent with the available literature. Physicians, particularly dermatologists, faced challenges with treating the cutaneous leishmaniasis lesions with high rates of treatment failure and resistance to treatment. We used Q-methodology to understand the range and diversities of opinions and the practical experiences of dermatologists about the treatment difficulties of cutaneous leishmaniasis. METHODS: This Q-methodology study was carried out in Erbil, Kurdistan Region of Iraq, and involved 37 dermatologists. A set of 40 statements related to different aspects of difficulties and uncertainties of treating cutaneous leishmaniasis was prepared. The dermatologists were requested to distribute the 40 statements into a scaled grid of nine piles from least agree to most agree. We applied by-person factor analysis using PQMethod 2.35 for the data analysis. RESULTS: The analysis revealed two different viewpoints about the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis and a consensus viewpoint. The first viewpoint emphasized the use of sodium stibogluconate-based combination therapy, concerns with treatment failure, and lack of compliance with the treatment. The second viewpoint emphasized the lack of standard treatment and advances in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis. There was a consensus between both groups of respondents about many aspects of the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis, including considering sodium stibogluconate the first drug of choice for cutaneous leishmaniasis treatment. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed a diversity of viewpoints and uncertainties about the effectiveness of the available treatment modalities and treatment difficulties and failure. Interrupted supply and poor quality of the available drugs and lack of a standard and advanced treatment are the main problems facing the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis. More research is required to determine the best treatment modalities for the different types of cutaneous leishmaniasis. There is a need for the development of treatment guidelines specific to the Iraqi context with a particular focus on the treatment of the resistant and atypical cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis.


Assuntos
Gluconato de Antimônio e Sódio/uso terapêutico , Atitude , Consenso , Dermatologistas/psicologia , Leishmania , Leishmaniose Cutânea/tratamento farmacológico , Leishmaniose Cutânea/epidemiologia , Adulto , Terapia Combinada , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Iraque/epidemiologia , Leishmaniose Cutânea/parasitologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Falha de Tratamento
5.
Int J Oral Implantol (Berl) ; 13(3): 235-239, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879928

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Piezoelectric bone surgery was introduced into clinical practice almost 20 years ago as an alternative method for cutting bone in dental surgical procedures, in an attempt to reduce the disadvantages of using conventional rotary instruments. The aim of this Consensus Conference was to evaluate the current evidence concerning the use of piezoelectric surgery in oral surgery and implantology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three working groups conducted three meta-analyses with trial sequential analysis, focusing on the use of piezoelectric surgery in impacted mandibular third molar extraction, lateral sinus floor elevation and implant site preparation. The method of preparation of the systematic reviews, based on comprehensive search strategies and following preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, was discussed and standardised. RESULTS: Moderate/low evidence suggests that piezoelectric surgery is significantly associated with a more favourable postoperative course (less pain, less trismus) after impacted mandibular third molar extraction than conventional rotary instruments. Moderate evidence suggests that implants inserted with piezoelectric surgery showed improved secondary stability during the early phases of healing compared with those inserted using a drilling technique. Strong/moderate evidence suggests that piezoelectric surgery prolongs the duration of surgery in impacted mandibular third molar extraction, sinus floor elevation and implant site preparation, but it is unclear whether the slight differences in duration of surgery, even if statistically significant, represent a real clinical advantage for either operator or patient. Weak evidence or insufficient data are present to draw definitive conclusions on the other investigated outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Further well-designed trials are needed to fully evaluate the effects of piezoelectric surgery, especially in implant site preparation and sinus floor elevation.


Assuntos
Levantamento do Assoalho do Seio Maxilar , Dente Impactado , Consenso , Humanos , Piezocirurgia , Extração Dentária , Trismo
6.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(8): 617-623, 2020 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867451

RESUMO

As a new type of anthracyclines, pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) is widely used in the treatment of a variety of malignant tumors, including soft tissue sarcoma, ovarian cancer, breast cancer, multiple myeloma, and so on. Compared with traditional anthracyclines, PLD can significantly decrease the incidences of adverse events such as cardiac toxicity and alopecia. However, the use of PLD will be accompanied with toxic side effects such as hand-foot syndrome, oral mucositis, and infusion reaction. This consensus will mainly focus on the mechanism, prevention and treatment of adverse events of PLD, in order to improve the therapeutic efficacy of PLD and life quality of patients.


Assuntos
Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Doxorrubicina/análogos & derivados , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/prevenção & controle , Síndrome Mão-Pé/complicações , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Estomatite/complicações , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Consenso , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Polietilenoglicóis/efeitos adversos , Polietilenoglicóis/uso terapêutico , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
7.
Curr Med Sci ; 40(4): 602-607, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32767261

RESUMO

This study aims to develop the expert consensus on nurse's human caring for Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients in different sites, and thus provide a guideline on providing whole process and systematic caring for COVID-19 patients. Based on the frontline experiences of human caring for COVID-19 patients and the review of literature, the initial draft of consensus was made and finalized after online meeting and revisions. The experts reached consensus on the following parts: terms and definitions, principles of human caring for COVID-19 patients, and human caring measures for COVID-19 patients in different sites. The expert consensus is practical, concise, and reasonable for guiding the nurses providing human caring for COVID-19 patients, as well as other similar infectious diseases.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/enfermagem , Cuidados de Enfermagem/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/enfermagem , China/epidemiologia , Consenso , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Prova Pericial , Humanos , Pandemias , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente , Isolamento de Pacientes , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem , Quarentena , Enfermagem em Reabilitação
8.
Crit Care ; 24(1): 490, 2020 08 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768001

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With recent advances in technology, patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and severe acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (ae-COPD) could benefit from extracorporeal CO2 removal (ECCO2R). However, current evidence in these indications is limited. A European ECCO2R Expert Round Table Meeting was convened to further explore the potential for this treatment approach. METHODS: A modified Delphi-based method was used to collate European experts' views to better understand how ECCO2R therapy is applied, identify how patients are selected and how treatment decisions are made, as well as to identify any points of consensus. RESULTS: Fourteen participants were selected based on known clinical expertise in critical care and in providing respiratory support with ECCO2R or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. ARDS was considered the primary indication for ECCO2R therapy (n = 7), while 3 participants considered ae-COPD the primary indication. The group agreed that the primary treatment goal of ECCO2R therapy in patients with ARDS was to apply ultra-protective lung ventilation via managing CO2 levels. Driving pressure (≥ 14 cmH2O) followed by plateau pressure (Pplat; ≥ 25 cmH2O) was considered the most important criteria for ECCO2R initiation. Key treatment targets for patients with ARDS undergoing ECCO2R included pH (> 7.30), respiratory rate (< 25 or < 20 breaths/min), driving pressure (< 14 cmH2O) and Pplat (< 25 cmH2O). In ae-COPD, there was consensus that, in patients at risk of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) failure, no decrease in PaCO2 and no decrease in respiratory rate were key criteria for initiating ECCO2R therapy. Key treatment targets in ae-COPD were patient comfort, pH (> 7.30-7.35), respiratory rate (< 20-25 breaths/min), decrease of PaCO2 (by 10-20%), weaning from NIV, decrease in HCO3- and maintaining haemodynamic stability. Consensus was reached on weaning protocols for both indications. Anticoagulation with intravenous unfractionated heparin was the strategy preferred by the group. CONCLUSIONS: Insights from this group of experienced physicians suggest that ECCO2R therapy may be an effective supportive treatment for adults with ARDS or ae-COPD. Further evidence from randomised clinical trials and/or high-quality prospective studies is needed to better guide decision making.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono/sangue , Circulação Extracorpórea/métodos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/terapia , Consenso , Técnica Delfos , Europa (Continente) , Humanos
9.
Am J Disaster Med ; 14(4): 247-254, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32803744

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Act calls for establishing a competency-based training program to train public health practitioners. To inform such training, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Association of Schools of Public Health managed groups of experts to produce a competency model which could function as a national standard of behaviorally based, observable skills for the public health workforce to prevent, protect against, respond to, and recover from all hazards. DESIGN: A systematic review of existing competency models generated a competency model of proposed domains and competencies. PARTICIPANTS: National stakeholders were engaged to obtain consensus through a three-stage Delphi-like process. RESULTS: The Delphi-like process achieved 84 percent, 82 percent, and 79 percent response rates in its three stages. Three hundred sixty six unique individuals responded to the three-round process, with 45 percent (n = 166) responding to all three rounds. The resulting competency model features 18 competencies within four core learning domains targeted at midlevel public health workers. CONCLUSIONS: Practitioners and academics have adopted the Public Health Preparedness and Response Core Competency Model, some of whom have formed workgroups to develop curricula based on the model. Efforts will be needed to develop evaluation materials for training and education programs to refine the model as well as for future training and education initiatives.


Assuntos
Planejamento em Desastres/organização & administração , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Competência Profissional/normas , Saúde Pública/normas , Consenso , Currículo , Técnica Delfos , Humanos
10.
Int J Biol Sci ; 16(13): 2265-2270, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32760195

RESUMO

The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic in China has presented substantial challenges to traditional forms of mental health service delivery. This review summarizes the expert consensus on the mental health treatment and services for severe psychiatric disorders during the COVID-19 outbreak developed by the Chinese Society of Psychiatry and other academic associations. The Expert Recommendations on Managing Patients with Mental Disorders during a Serious Infectious Disease Outbreak (COVID-19) outline the appropriate measures for psychiatric hospitals or psychiatric units in general hospitals, including the delivery of outpatient, inpatient, and community mental health services. The Expert Recommendations on Internet and Telehealth in Psychiatry during Major Public Health Crises (COVID-19) describe the assessment and treatment issues of internet-based mental health services during the COVID-19 outbreak. The expert consensus recommendations provide guidance for mental health professionals in managing psychiatric services during the COVID-19 outbreak in China. The experiences from China in addressing the challenges in the management of major psychiatric disorders may be useful and relevant to other countries who are combating the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Serviços Comunitários de Saúde Mental/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Consenso , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Internet , Serviços de Saúde Mental/organização & administração , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Pandemias , Telemedicina
11.
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 127(7-08): 424-433, 2020.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32840498

RESUMO

The International Caries Consensus Collaboration (ICCC) presented recommendations on terminology, methods of carious tissue removal and managing cavitated carious lesions. It identified 'dental caries' as the disease that dentists should manage by controlling the activity of existing cavitated lesions by preserving as much hard tissue as possible, maintaining pulp sensibility and retaining functional teeth in the long-term. The ICCC recommended the level of hardness as the criterion for determining the clinical consequences of the process of demineralisation and defined new strategies for the selective removal of carious tissue. The starting point is to effectively remove the biofilm from cavitated carious lesions. Only when cavitated carious lesions are either non-cleansable or can no longer be sealed, are restorative interventions indicated, with due regard for the principles of a minimally invasive approach. Applying a restoration facilitates biofilm removal, guards the pulpodental complex and restores form, function and aesthetics.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Biofilmes , Consenso , Dentina , Humanos
12.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(8): 945-950, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32794660

RESUMO

Ilizarov first reported the tibial transverse transport (TTT) for limb regeneration and functional reconstruction. The law of tension-stress could activate and enhance the regenerative potentials of living tissues, leading to growth or regeneration of muscles, fascia, blood vessels, and nerves simultaneously. Ilizarov discovered the phenomenon of rich vascular network formation during distraction osteogenesis process, but he did not apply this technique purposely to reconstruct microcirculation. Chinese orthopedic surgeons first used the TTT to treat lower extremity vascular lesions and diabetic foot ulcers. At present, some small sample clinical studies showed that the TTT could reconstruct microvascular network in the lower limbs of diabetic foot and promote the healing of foot ulcers. The use of TTT could significantly reduce the overall risk of diabetic foot complication especially the amputation risk. This expert consensus is initiated by the Chinese Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons (CAOS), Taskforce Group of Tibial Cortex Transverse Transport Technique for the Treatment of Diabetic Foot Ulcers. This expert consensus provides clear recommendations for indications, contraindications, principles for surgical procedures, preoperative and postoperative management, which maximize the success rate for TTT surgery in treatment of severe diabetic foot ulcers.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Pé Diabético , Úlcera do Pé , Amputação , Consenso , Humanos , Masculino , Tíbia
13.
Neurol India ; 68(4): 769-773, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32859812

RESUMO

The entire world including India is currently fighting the coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic that threatens to disrupt healthcare systems globally in terms of capacity and resources. This outbreak necessitates an urgent review of existing management guidelines for commonly encountered tumors of the brain and central nervous system (CNS). Such a review should include a reassessment of benefit-risk ratio to align with local, national, and international priorities without compromising on delivery of care in terms of safety, compassion, efficiency, and effectiveness. Towards this end, the Indian Society of Neuro-Oncology (ISNO) constituted an online expert panel with adequate representation from all major treatment modalities (neuro-surgery, radiation oncology, and pediatric/medical oncology) to formulate a "COVID-19 context" position statement to guide the care of neuro-oncology patients during the ongoing crisis. The ISNO position statement suggests graded prioritization (based on clinical presentation, type of tumor, expected prognosis, and relevance of immediate therapy) for efficient utilization of resources and provides a framework through a set of general considerations, treatment modality-based considerations, and disease-specific considerations for the guidance of healthcare professionals involved in the delivery of care and services to patients with CNS tumors. The views expressed herein represent the current consensus of key opinion leaders from within the Indian neuro-oncology community and should not be in any case considered binding medically or legally to individual physicians and/or hospitals who may formulate their guidelines based on local setup and health-environment and update them periodically based on emerging evidence through the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Oncologia/normas , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Consenso , Humanos , Índia , Pandemias
14.
Neurol India ; 68(4): 774-791, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32859813

RESUMO

Introduction: Severe acute respiratory syndrome, coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV 2) has inexplicably and irreversibly changed the way of neurosurgery practice. There has been a substantial reduction in neurosurgical operations during the period of lockdown. The lockdown might be the most effective measure to curtail viral transmission. Once we return to the normalization of the lifestyle, there will be a backlog of unoperated pending cases along with the possibility of further spread of the coronavirus. Methods: We reviewed the available literature and protocols for neurosurgical practice in different geographic locations. We drafted a consensus statement based on the literature and protocols suggested by the World Health Organization (WHO) and various professional societies to prevent the spread of SARS-COV2 while streamlining the neurosurgical practice. Results: The consensus statement suggests the patient triage, workflow, resource distribution, and operational efficacy for care providers at different stages of management. The priority is set at personal protection while ensuring patients' safety, timely management, and capacity building. We performed a detailed subsection analysis for the management of trauma and set up for COVID-free hospitals for simultaneous management of routine neurosurgical indications. In this time of medicolegal upheaval, special consent from the patients should be taken in view of the chances of delay in management and the added risk of corona infection. The consensus statements are applicable to neurosurgical setups of all capacities. Conclusion: Along with the glaring problem of infection, there is another threat of neurosurgery emergency building up. This wave may overwhelm the already stretched systems to the hilt. We need to flatten this curve while avoiding contagion. These measures may guide neurosurgery practitioners to effectively manage patients ensuring the safety of caregivers and care seekers both.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Consenso , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Neurocirurgia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Cuidadores , Infecções por Coronavirus/cirurgia , Humanos , Neurocirurgia/métodos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Pneumonia Viral/cirurgia
15.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc ; 28(9): 2723-2729, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32809121

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted the health care system around the entire globe. A consensus is needed about resuming total hip and knee procedures. The European Hip Society (EHS) and the European Knee Association (EKA) formed a panel of experts that have produced a consensus statement on how the safe re-introduction of elective hip and knee arthroplasty should be undertaken. METHODS: A prospective online survey was done among members of EHS and EKA. The survey consisted of 27 questions. It includes basic information on demographics and details the participant's agreement with each recommendation. The participant could choose among three options (agree, disagree, abstain). Recommendations focussed on pre-operative, peri-operative, and post-operative handling of patients and precautions. RESULTS: A total of 681 arthroplasty surgeons participated in the survey, with 479 fully completing the survey. The participants were from 44 countries and 6 continents. Apart from adhering to National and Local Guidelines, the recommendations concerned how to make elective arthroplasty safe for patients and staff. CONCLUSION: The survey has shown good-to-excellent agreement of the participants with regards to the statements made in the recommendations for the safe return to elective arthroplasty following the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Betacoronavirus , Consenso , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Cirurgiões Ortopédicos , Pandemias , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc ; 28(9): 2730-2746, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844246

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The Covid-19 pandemic has disrupted health care systems all over the world. Elective surgical procedures have been postponed and/or cancelled. Consensus is, therefore, required related to the factors that need to be in place before elective surgery, including hip and knee replacement surgery, which is restarted. Entirely new pathways and protocols need to be worked out. METHODS: A panel of experts from the European Hip Society and European Knee Association have agreed to a consensus statement on how to reintroduce elective arthroplasty surgery safely. The recommendations are based on the best available evidence and have been validated in a separate survey. RESULTS: The guidelines are based on five themes: modification and/or reorganisation of hospital wards. Restrictions on orthopaedic wards and in operation suite(s). Additional disinfection of the environment. The role of ultra-clean operation theatres. Personal protective equipment enhancement. CONCLUSION: Apart from the following national and local guidance, protocols need to be put in place in the patient pathway for primary arthroplasty to allow for a safe return.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Antropologia Médica , Betacoronavirus , Consenso , Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Desinfecção/métodos , Desinfecção/normas , Europa (Continente) , Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração , Unidades Hospitalares/normas , Humanos , Salas Cirúrgicas/organização & administração , Salas Cirúrgicas/normas , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Ortopedia , Pandemias , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Arq Bras Cir Dig ; 33(2): e1514, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844884

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since the publication of the first Brazilian Consensus on Gastric Cancer (GC) in 2012 carried out by the Brazilian Gastric Cancer Association, new concepts on diagnosis, staging, treatment and follow-up have been incorporated. AIM: This new consensus is to promote an update to professionals working in the fight against GC and to provide guidelines for the management of patients with this condition. METHODS: Fifty-nine experts answered 67 statements regarding the diagnosis, staging, treatment and prognosis of GC with five possible alternatives: 1) fully agree; 2) partially agree; 3) undecided; 4) disagree and 5) strongly disagree A consensus was adopted when at least 80% of the sum of the answers "fully agree" and "partially agree" was reached. This article presents only the responses of the participating experts. Comments on each statement, as well as a literature review, will be presented in future publications. RESULTS: Of the 67 statements, there was consensus in 50 (74%). In 10 declarations, there was 100% agreement. CONCLUSION: The gastric cancer treatment has evolved considerably in recent years. This consensus gathers consolidated principles in the last decades, new knowledge acquired recently, as well as promising perspectives on the management of this disease.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Brasil , Consenso , Humanos , Sociedades Médicas
19.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(2): 255-267, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32740572

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Poly Implant Prothèse incident and breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma have pointed to the need for uniform registries for breast implants as key features to monitoring the outcomes of breast implant surgeries internationally. The purpose of this study was to identify and harmonize common data elements collected by breast implant registries across the International Collaboration of Breast Registry Activities (ICOBRA) global consortium. METHODS: The authors convened an international group of surgeons, consumers, nurses, registry experts, and regulators to review the data points. A modified Delphi approach was applied, to rate the importance of each point on a six-point Likert scale. RESULTS: Data points from six national breast implant registries were divided into categories: clinical, implant-related, patient-reported findings; operation details and implanting technique details; patient characteristics; unique device identifiers; unique patient identifiers; and clinical demographics. A total of 52 data points collected by over 33 percent of national registries were identified. After five rounds, 34 data points formed the final set with agreed definitions. The group recognized the critical importance of additional elements that are currently not uniformly collected (e.g., patient-reported outcomes and long-term data) and set out the process for the dynamic global set updates driven by evidence gaps. CONCLUSIONS: The authors defined internationally agreed on common data elements and definitions used in breast implant registries. This collaboration will allow data sets to be combined, enabling an effective global early warning system of implant-related problems and further work on data sets.


Assuntos
Implantes de Mama/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Consenso , Mamoplastia/efeitos adversos , Sistema de Registros , Congressos como Assunto , Feminino , Saúde Global , Humanos , Incidência , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/epidemiologia , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/etiologia
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