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1.
Water Sci Technol ; 81(7): 1452-1460, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32616697

RESUMO

In the process of preparing magnetic palygorskite from waste pickling liquor of the steel industry, the dosage of NaOH will affect the properties of the magnetic palygorskite. The experimental results showed that magnetic palygorskite can be effectively prepared when NaOH dosage is between 255 and 330 g/L. Vibration sample magnetometry proved that different NaOH dosages can affect the saturation magnetization of magnetic palygorskite. The catalytic performance of five catalysts synthesized with different NaOH dosages hardly changed after five cycles of Fenton-like catalytic degradation of tetracycline (TC). The magnetic palygorskite prepared by this method had good catalytic performance even when the catalyst preparation conditions were magnified ten times, which can provide a reference for large-scale preparation of magnetic palygorskite.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Compostos de Magnésio , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Compostos de Silício , Hidróxido de Sódio
2.
Water Sci Technol ; 81(7): 1479-1493, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32616700

RESUMO

Finding an appropriate adsorbent with high adsorption capacity, quick adsorption kinetics and easy regeneration was crucial to the removal of gallic acid (GA) from water and wastewater. Our aims were to investigate whether a magnetic ion exchange (MIEX) resin had the three merits mentioned above, and investigate the feasibility of GA adsorption on MIEX resin, and the adsorption kinetics, equilibrium, thermodynamics, regeneration and mechanism using batch tests. The uptake of GA increased with increasing GA concentration. The GA concentration influenced the time needed to reach equilibrium, but the adsorption could be completed within 120 min. Elevating temperature facilitated the GA removal. The removal percent remained above 95.0% at pH 5.0-11.0. Carbonate and bicarbonate promoted the GA removal; conversely chloride, sulfate and nitrate restrained the GA removal significantly. The adsorption kinetics could be fitted well with the pseudo second-order model, and the film diffusion governed the whole adsorption rate. The equilibrium data followed the Redlich-Peterson isotherm model. The adsorption was a spontaneous, endothermic and entropy driven process. The ion exchange dominated the removal mechanism. The spent MIEX resin was well regenerated by sodium chloride. Therefore, MIEX resin is a potential adsorbent for removing GA quickly and efficiently from water and wastewater.


Assuntos
Ácido Gálico , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Adsorção , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Resinas de Troca Iônica , Cinética , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Soluções , Temperatura , Termodinâmica
3.
J Environ Manage ; 270: 110839, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32721303

RESUMO

We aim at fabricating a ternary magnetic recyclable Bi2WO6/BiOI@Fe3O4 composite that could be applied for photodegradation of tetracycline (TC) from synthetic wastewater. To identify any changes with respect to the composite's morphology and crystal structure properties, ΧRD, FTIR, FESEM-EDS, PL and VSM analyses are carried out. The effects of Fe3O4 loading ratio on the Bi2WO6/BiOI for TC photodegradation are evaluated, while operational parameters such as pH, reaction time, TC concentration, and photocatalyst's dose are optimized. Removal mechanisms of the TC by the composite and its photodegradation pathways are elaborated. With respect to its performance, under the same optimized conditions (1 g/L of dose; 5 mg/L of TC; pH 7; 3 h of reaction time), the Bi2WO6/BiOI@5%Fe3O4 composite has the highest TC removal (97%), as compared to the Bi2WO6 (63%). After being saturated, the spent photocatalyst could be magnetically separated from solution for subsequent use. In spite of three consecutive cycles with 71% of efficiency, the spent composite still has reasonable photocatalytic activities for reuse. Overall, this suggests that the composite is a promising photocatalyst for TC removal from aqueous solutions.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Tetraciclina , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Magnetismo , Fotólise
4.
Sci Total Environ ; 736: 139185, 2020 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32485365

RESUMO

Heavy metals (HMs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are among the contaminants of concern in aquaculture ponds due to their frequent detection and high bioaccumulation in aquatic products and hence high dietary risks to human beings. In this study, magnetic activated carbon (MAC) was added as a stabilization and removal adsorbent to native pond sediment with known contamination of HMs and PAHs to reduce the tissue residues and dietary risks of HMs and PAHs in a model aquaculture species (Venerupis philippinarum) in the course of a 28-day bioaccumulation experiment. Meanwhile, passive sampling techniques based on diffusive gradient in thin films (DGT) and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) were applied to sense the bioavailable fraction of HMs and PAHs in sediment during the stabilization process. The results showed that 3% dosage of MAC to sediment achieved the most cost-effective stabilization for HMs and PAHs. A remarkable decrease was observed with the tissue residues of HMs and PAHs in V. philippinarum (28-47% for HMs and ~76% for ∑PAHs), which was quantitatively linked to the decline in their bioavailable concentrations in sediment pore water (31-46% for HMs and ~76% for ∑PAHs). Consequently, the target hazard quotients (THQs) posed by HMs and incremental lifetime cancer risks (ILCRs) by PAHs in V. philippinarum were reduced by 38% and 46%, respectively. Along with the magnetic recovery of ~70% MAC from the sediment, HMs (4.8-13%) and PAHs (2-60%) can be effectively removed. We further established a multi-domain equilibrium sorption model that was able to predict the optimal amendment of MAC for quantitative mitigation of bioavailable PAHs in sediment pore water within a certain range of MAC dosage. Future studies are warranted to explore the applicability domain of MAC for in situ remediation in aquaculture ponds to ensure the quality of farming organisms or to serve other purposes in aquatic systems.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Animais , Aquicultura , Disponibilidade Biológica , Carvão Vegetal , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Humanos , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Tanques
5.
Environ Pollut ; 264: 114797, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32559874

RESUMO

A high-energy ball milling of magnetite nanoparticles with amino-phosphonic functionalized poly(glycidyl methacrylate) polymer is used for manufacturing a highly efficient magnetic sorbent for U(VI) sorption from aqueous solutions. The Uranyl ions were adsorbed through the binding with amine and phosphonic groups as confirmed by Fourier Transform infrared (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses. The maximum sorption capacity (up to 270 mg U g-1) occurred at pH = 3-4; Langmuir isotherm well describes the sorption process. Small-size particles allow achieving fast uptake (within ≈90 min of contact); and the kinetic profiles are modeled by the pseudo-second order rate equation. Uranium is successfully desorbed from loaded sorbent using 0.25 M NaHCO3 solution: Sorbent can be recycled with minimal decrease in sorption and desorption efficiency for at least 6 cycles. The sorbent is efficiently used for U(VI) recovery from the acidic leachates of U-bearing ores (after precipitation pre-treatment). Sorption capacity approaches 190 mg U g-1 despite the presence of high concentrations of Fe and Si: the sorbent has a marked preference for U(VI) (confirmed by distribution ratios and selectivity coefficients).


Assuntos
Nanocompostos , Urânio , Adsorção , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos
6.
Environ Pollut ; 264: 114809, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32559883

RESUMO

The non-magnetic capping materials are difficult to be recycled from the water bodies after their application, leading to the increase in the cost of the sediment remediation. To address this issue, a capping material, i.e., magnetic lanthanum/iron-modified bentonite (M-LaFeBT) was prepared by loading lanthanum onto a magnetic iron-modified bentonite (M-FeBT) and used to control the internal phosphorus (P) loading in this study. To determine the capping efficiency and mechanism of M-LaFeBT, the impact of M-LaFeBT and M-FeBT capping on the mobilization of P in sediments was investigated, and the stabilization of P bound by the M-LaFeBT and M-FeBT capping layers was evaluated. Results showed that M-LaFeBT possessed good magnetic property with a saturated magnetization of 14.9 emu/g, and exhibited good phosphate adsorption ability with a maximum monolayer sorption capacity (QMAX) of 14.3 mg P/g at pH 7. Moreover, M-LaFeBT capping tremendously reduced the concentration of soluble reactive P (SR-P) in the overlying water (OL-water), and the reduction efficiencies were 94.7%-97.4%. Furthermore, M-LaFeBT capping significantly decreased the concentration of SR-P in the pore water and DGT (diffusive gradient in thin films)-labile P in the profile of OL-water and sediment. Additionally, most of P bound by the M-LaFeBT capping layer (approximately 77%) was stable under natural pH and reducing conditions. The phosphate adsorption ability for M-LaFeBT was much higher than that for M-FeBT, and the QMAX value for the former was 4.86 times higher than that for the latter. M-LaFeBT capping gave rise to a higher reduction of DGT-labile concentration in the profile of OL-water and sediment than M-FeBT capping. The P adsorbed by the M-LaFeBT capping layer was more stable than that by the M-FeBT capping layer. Results of this study demonstrate that M-LaFeBT is promising for utilization as an active capping material to intercept sedimentary P release into OL-water.


Assuntos
Fósforo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Bentonita , Sedimentos Geológicos , Ferro , Lagos , Lantânio , Fenômenos Magnéticos
7.
J Environ Manage ; 270: 110816, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501235

RESUMO

Disinfection using chlorine has paramount importance in the treatment of either drinking water or sewage since it can kill and inhibit all waterborne pathogens, but it may result in carcinogenic substances when interacting with organic matter. An eco-friendly sol-gel process with citrate was used to prepare the nano-cubic activated nickel-zinc ferrite magnetic nanostructures (Ni0.6Zn0.4Fe2O4 and Ni0.6Zn0.2Ce0.2Fe2O4). The activated nanomagnetic samples were characterized using XRD, HR-TEM, HR-SEM, FTIR, and VSM techniques. The structural and magnetic results showed that the nano-cubes magnetic-structures exhibited higher crystalline degrees and an increase in the total magnetization, enabling spinel nano-ferrite to possess potentials for excellent industry various applications. Likewise, the VSM results reveal that Ce2O3 had a significant influence on the magnetic behavior such as the coercivity (Hc; 69.226-133.15) saturation and magnetization (Ms; 24.562-52.174). The results revealed that all Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) had an outstanding inhibitory effect on microbes tested. The manufactured particles showed a remarkable ability to eliminate pathogenic bacteria in real sewage samples. The results obtained endorsed that the manufactured magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) are powerful nano-weapons with an excellent anticipated output for the deactivation of pathogenic microbes during sewage treatment, with, nickel-zinc-cerium ferrite being more effective in inhibiting microbial growth than nickel-zinc-cerium ferrite.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Nanoestruturas , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Magnetismo , Esgotos
8.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 3605-3620, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32547017

RESUMO

Purpose: Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a chronic and irreversible disease that eventually develops into a joint collapse and results in joint dysfunction. Early intervention and treatment are essential for preserving the joints and avoiding hip replacement. In this study, a system of human umbilical mesenchymal stem cells-supermagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (NPs) @polydopamine (SCIOPs) was constructed. The magnetic targeting system gathers in the lesion area, inhibits the apoptosis of bone cells, enhances osteogenic effect, and effectively treats ONFH under external magnetic field. Materials and Methods: The supermagnetic iron oxide NPs @polydopamine (SPION@PDA NPs) were characterized by transmission electron microscopy and zeta potential, respectively. The effects of SPION@PDA NPs on the viability, proliferation, and differentiation of stem cells were detected by the CCK8 method, flow cytometry, and staining, respectively. The serum inflammatory indicators were detected by Luminex method. The bone mass of the femoral head was analyzed by micro computed tomography. The expression of apoptosis and osteoblast-related cytokines was detected by Western blotting. The osteogenesis of the femoral head was detected by histological and immunohistochemical sections. Results: The SCIOPs decreased the pro-inflammatory factors, and the micro CT showed that the bone repair of the femoral head was enhanced after treatment. The hematoxylin and eosin sections also showed an increase in the osteogenesis in the femoral head. Western blotting results showed and increased expression of anti-apoptotic proteins Akt and Bcl-2, decreased expression of apoptotic proteins caspase-3 and Bad, and increased expression of osteogenic proteins Runx-2 and Osterix in the femoral head. Conclusion: Under the effect of magnetic field and homing ability of stem cells, SCIOPs inhibited the apoptosis of osteoblasts, improved the proliferation ability of osteoblasts, and promoted bone repair in the femoral head through the Akt/Bcl-2/Bad/caspase-3 signaling pathway, thereby optimizing the tissue repair ability.


Assuntos
Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/induzido quimicamente , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/terapia , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Hemólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Indóis/química , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/toxicidade , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/ultraestrutura , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Polímeros/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Proteína de Morte Celular Associada a bcl/metabolismo
9.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(25): 31578-31594, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495203

RESUMO

In the context of the continued increased global uptake of fingerprinting procedures to explore fluvial sediment sources, far less attention has been paid to dust source tracing and especially using different particle size fractions and low-cost tracers such as colour and magnetic susceptibility. The objective of this study, therefore, was to apportion local dust storm source contributions for the < 63-µm and 63-125-µm fractions of dust samples in a case study in central Iran. Colour and magnetic susceptibility properties were measured on 62 source samples and six dust storm samples. Statistical methods were used to select four different composite fingerprints for discriminating the dust sediment sources. These statistical approaches comprised (1) the Kruskal-Wallis H test (KW-H), (2) a combination of KW-H and discriminant function analysis (DFA), (3) a combination of KW-H and principal components and classification analysis (PCCA), and (4) a combination of KW-H and a general classification and regression tree model (GCRTM). Local dust source contributions were ascribed using a Bayesian un-mixing model using the final composite fingerprints. For both the < 63- and 63-125-µm fractions, the different composite signatures consistently suggested that alluvial fan material was the dominant source of the dust samples. The root mean square differences between the apportionment results using the different fingerprints ranged from 0.5 to 1.6% for the < 63-µm fraction and from 1.8 to 5.8% for the 63-125-µm fraction. The Wald-Wolfowitz runs test was used to compare the posterior distributions of the predicted source proportions created using the alternative final composite fingerprints and the results indicated that most of the pairwise comparisons were significantly different (p ≤ 0.05). For the < 63-µm fraction, the RMSE and MAE estimates of divergence between the modelled and known virtual source mixtures using the different final composite signatures ranged between 1.5 and 23.4% (with a corresponding mean value of 9.4%). The equivalent estimates for the 63-125-µm fraction were 1.2-20.1% (8.3%). The findings clearly demonstrate that colour and magnetic susceptibility tracers offer low-cost options for apportioning dust sources.


Assuntos
Poeira , Sedimentos Geológicos , Teorema de Bayes , Cor , Monitoramento Ambiental , Irã (Geográfico) , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Tamanho da Partícula
10.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 158: 111363, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32568079

RESUMO

This research describes the application of magnetic molecularly imprinted nano-sized polymers (MMIPs) for the selective extraction and fast detection of malachite green (MG) from marine sediment samples followed by UV-Vis spectrophotometry. The novel material was prepared by surface imprinting using methacrylic acid as the functional monomer for fixing the template molecules. The polymers obtained at each step were thoroughly studied by transmission electron microscopy, FTIR spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. Simultaneously, the adsorption performances of the resulting nanoparticles were analysed in detail and an excellent affinity with the MG was revealed. Further, the main parameters of magnetic molecular imprinted solid-phase extraction (MMIP-SPE) were screened via multivariate optimization methods. The magnetic nanoparticles were used as special adsorbents to directly extract MG from crude marine sediment extracts. The developed method exhibits satisfactory recoveries from the spiked samples, ranging from 80.40 to 92.96% with an RSD of less than 5.18% (n = 3).


Assuntos
Impressão Molecular , Polímeros , Adsorção , Sedimentos Geológicos , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Corantes de Rosanilina , Extração em Fase Sólida , Espectrofotometria
11.
Waste Manag ; 112: 11-19, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32480299

RESUMO

Valuable non-ferrous (NFe) metals are contained in municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) bottom ash (BA). The applicability of an air table for separating NFe metal-abundant particles in MSWI BA (<8 mm) was studied. A stepwise separation procedure was developed based on the performance tests of the air table conducted by changing three variables (air injection, vibration, and end slope). As a result of the stepwise separation, six bulk density ranges (<0.7 to >1.1 g/cm3 at intervals of 0.1 g/cm3) were prepared from non-magnetic fractions with four size ranges (4-8, 2-4, 1-2, and 0.5-1 mm). The effectiveness of air table sorting was evaluated based on dry particle density and proportion of metals. NFe metals were obtained by sieving (>0.5 mm) after a ball mill process, confirming that NFe metals accounted for 3.2% of the < 8 mm MSWI BA. The highest particle density of each size fraction and the proportion of NFe metals in the fractions were 3.19 g/cm3 and 59.9% (4-8 mm), 2.97 g/cm3 and 28.8% (2-4 mm), 2.78 g/cm3 and 10.4% (1-2 mm), and 2.87 g/cm3 and 4.4% (0.5-1 mm). In the 0.5-2 mm particles, the highest density fraction contained 68.7% of the NFe metals, which were expected to be recovered by applying an air table separator to MSWI BA 0.5-2 mm.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Resíduos Sólidos , Cinza de Carvão , Incineração , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Metais
12.
Water Res ; 181: 115857, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32497755

RESUMO

Recovery of rare earth elements (REEs) from industrial wastewater has drawn great attention due to their potential environmental toxicity, as well as their high demand in modern technologies. In this study, we developed a magnetic composite based on the high surface area porous ß-cyclodextrin polymer (P-CDP), namely P-CDP@Fe3O4. Both P-CDP and P-CDP@Fe3O4 rapidly sequester REEs such as Nd, Gd, Eu, and Y, reaching equilibrium in less than 10 min and fitting the Langmuir isotherm model with maximum adsorption capacities ranging from 7.76 to 9.59 mg/g at 25 °C when the highest initial concentration was 100 mg/L. Besides, the recovery of these REEs was not affected by competitive alkali, alkaline earth, and transition metal ions in model studies and industrial wastewater as revealed by the recovery efficiencies, which ranged from 62% to 100% indicating an excellent selectivity on both adsorbents. In addition, both adsorbents can be fully regenerated under mildly acidic conditions for at least five consecutive cycles. Moreover, P-CDP@Fe3O4 can be easily isolated by an external magnetic field which simplifies its synthesis and usability. It also overcomes the clogging and high backpressure issues of P-CDP, which facilitates its application for REEs recovery as compared with P-CDP. These characteristics demonstrate the promise of P-CDP and P-CDP@Fe3O4 for the pollution control and recovery of REEs.


Assuntos
Águas Residuárias , beta-Ciclodextrinas , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Polímeros , Porosidade
13.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(24): 30778-30788, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32474786

RESUMO

In this work, the ß-cyclodextrin modified magnetic graphene oxide (ß-CD/MGO) composite was fabricated by the in situ co-precipitation method and characterized by Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), and particle size analysis. The adsorption behavior of dichromate ions on the ß-CD/MGO was investigated, and the mechanism of adsorption was also studied using FT-IR and XPS. The results from SEM and TEM showed that the graphene oxide (GO) layer became rough, and many fine particles were attached after compounding with ferroferric oxide and ß-cyclodextrin. The characterization results of FT-IR and XPS show that that ß-cyclodextrin and ferroferric oxide have been perfectly compounded to the graphene oxide layer and ß-CD/MGO has a particle size of about 460 nm, a specific surface area of 252.3 m2g-1, and a saturation magnetization of 73.5 emu g-1. The adsorption amount of dichromate ions on the ß-CD/MGO is affected by pH, adsorbent dosage, and adsorption time. Kinetic studies showed that the adsorption process followed a pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Equilibrium data agreed very well with the Langmuir model, the maximum adsorption amount of dichromate ions on the ß-CD/MGO was 49.95 mg g-1. After five successive adsorbent reuses, the reuse rate is still 73%, indicating the excellent potential reusability of ß-CD/MGO adsorbent. ß-CD/MGO exhibits excellent adsorption performance for dichromate ions. As an environmentally friendly magnetic adsorbent, ß-CD/MGO is suitable for the treatment of dichromate-containing wastewater.


Assuntos
Grafite , beta-Ciclodextrinas , Adsorção , Cinética , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
14.
Bioresour Technol ; 312: 123564, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32506041

RESUMO

Biochar was prepared by rapid pyrolysis using pine nut shell as raw materials. Then cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide modified magnetic biochar material (CTAB-MC) was obtained after modifying biochar by FeCl3 and cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide. The CTAB-MC was characterized by SEM, FTIR, XRD and Magnetic analyses. Adsorptive property of the CTAB-MC for acid chrome blue K (AK) was studied. It was found that adsorption capacity was affected by solution pH, temperature, adsorption time, initial concentration and ionic strength. The CTAB-MC showed higher adsorption ability toward acid chrome blue K, which was up to 40% higher than that of MC. The experimental results showed that adsorption data of AK on the CTAB-MC well conformed to the Langmuir isotherm adsorption model and the pseudo-second order kinetic model. The CTAB-MC can be recycled three times. This work reveals that CTAB-MC is a promising adsorbent with broad application prospects.


Assuntos
Cetrimônio , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Compostos Azo , Brometos , Carvão Vegetal , Cinética , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Naftalenossulfonatos , Nozes , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário
15.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(21): 26668-26680, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378108

RESUMO

Herein, we successfully synthesized nano-porous Co2O3/Cu2O3: Al2O3: SiO2 ((0, 5, 7, 9) Co-CAS) using the acidic sol-gel approach and calcined at 800 °C for 4 h. The crystallization behavior and spectroscopic properties were investigated using X-ray diffraction, field emission-scanning electron microscopy, and Fourier-transform infrared absorption spectra analysis. The antibiotic properties of the nano-porous CAS, 5Co-CAS, and 9Co-CAS magnetic nanocomposites was studied against some potentially pathogenic bacteria in water and wastewater samples. The bacteria tested included Escherichia coli, Salmonella enterica, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, and Bacillus subtilis. Incorporating Co2O3 resulted in the identification of three peaks at 2θ = 10.2°, 13.4°, and 15°. The introduction of cobalt nanoparticles created a ferromagnetic behavior in the CAS nanoceramic, with the magnetic moment and saturation values increasing with increased Co2O3 doping. 9Co-CAS was most potent against all the tested pathogens with minimum inhibitory concentrations of 25 mg/L within 40 min for E. coli and P. aeruginosa and 50 mg/L within 10 min for S. enterica; the lowest antibacterial activity was observed with the unmodified CAS. The findings revealed that the manufactured nanocomposite materials were potent disinfectants with a promising application for water and wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Desinfetantes , Nanocompostos , Antibacterianos , Escherichia coli , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Silicatos , Dióxido de Silício , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Águas Residuárias , Água , Difração de Raios X
16.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0232315, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32365071

RESUMO

The INTRABEAM Carl Zeiss Surgical system (Oberkochen, Germany) is a miniature accelerator producing low energy photons (50 keV maximum). The published dosimetric characterization of the INTRABEAM was based on detectors (radiochromic films or ionization chambers) not allowing measuring the absorbed dose in the first millimeters of the irradiated medium, where the dose is actually prescribed. This study aims at determining with Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) the sensitivity of a paramagnetic gel in order to measure the dose deposit produced with the INTRABEAM from 0 to 20 mm. Although spherical applicators are mostly used with the INTRABEAM system for breast applications, this study focuses on surface applicators that are of interest for cutaneous carcinomas. The irradiations at 12 different dose levels (between 2 Gy and 50 Gy at the gel surface) were performed with the INTRABEAM and a 4 cm surface applicator. The gel used in this study is a new « sensitive ¼ material. In order to compare gel sensitivity at low energy with high energy, gels were irradiated by an 18 MV photon beam produced by a Varian Clinac 2100 CD. T2 weighted multi echo MRI sequences were performed with 16 echo times. The T2 signal versus echo times was fitted with a mono-exponential function with 95% confidence interval. The calibration curve determined at low energy is a linear function (r2 = 0.9893) with a sensitivity of 0.0381 s-1.Gy-1, a similar linear function was obtained at high energy (0.0372 s-1.Gy-1 with r2 = 0.9662). The calibration curve at low energy was used to draw isodose maps from the MR images. The PDD (Percent Depth Dose) determined in the gel is within 5%-1mm of the ionization chamber PDD except for one point. The dosimetric sensitivity of this new paramagnetic ferrous gel was determined with MRI measurements. It allowed measuring the dose distribution specifically in the first millimeters for an irradiation with the INTRABEAM miniature accelerator equipped with a surface applicator.


Assuntos
Compostos Ferrosos/química , Radiometria/instrumentação , Géis , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Miniaturização , Aceleradores de Partículas , Doses de Radiação , Razão Sinal-Ruído , Raios X
17.
Sci Total Environ ; 728: 138789, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375114

RESUMO

Chemical methods used to predict the bioaccessibility of hydrophobic organic compounds (HOCs) still need further development and improvement. In this work, magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) based on poly(ß-cyclodextrin)-coated magnetic polydopamine (Fe3O4@PDA@PCD) was first introduced to assess the bioaccessibility of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in soils. Due to its good hydrophilicity and submicrometer scale, Fe3O4@PDA@PCD displayed a higher extraction rate for PAHs in an aqueous solution (equilibrium time < 5 min) than Tenax resin, which had an equilibrium time longer than 30 min. The merits of Fe3O4@PDA@PCD are beneficial to accelerate the desorption of PAHs from soil, especially for high molecular weight PAHs, in which the amounts extracted by Fe3O4@PDA@PCD were 1.2-2.8 times higher than those extracted by Tenax resin. The desorption kinetics data were well fitted with a two- or three-fraction model. The fitting results indicated that the MSPE method can be used to predict the bioaccessible fractions of PAHs. By comparing the prediction results obtained from the MSPE method with bioassays using earthworms, a significant linear correlation (R2 = 0.98) with a slope statistically close to 1 was obtained. These results suggested that the MSPE method can act as a simple and efficient method to measure the bioaccessibility of PAHs in soil.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Animais , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Solo , Extração em Fase Sólida
18.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(21): 26681-26693, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378101

RESUMO

Magnetic magnesium-zinc spinel ferrite Mg1 - xZnxFe2O4 (where x = 0.4, 0.6, and 0.8) was investigated as adsorbent for the efficient removal of Sr(II) ions and salicylic acid (SA) contaminants from aqueous medium. The characterization of ferrites was carried out using XRD, VSM, BET, SEM, and EDS. The surface charge of magnetic adsorbents was measured by the drift method. The determination of SA and Sr(II) ion concentrations in the solution phase was carried out by UFLC and complexometry, respectively. It was shown that varying of the Zn(II) content affected the adsorption capacities of magnesium-zinc ferrites. The increasing of zinc content from x(Zn2+) = 0.4 to x(Zn2+) = 0.6 increased the adsorption of Sr(II) ions from 50 to 65 mg/g, and then it was decreased to 36 mg/g for the sample with x(Zn) = 0.8. The Mg0.4Zn0.6Fe2O4 sample demonstrated the maximum adsorption capacity of 74 mg/g. The adsorption isotherm for Sr(II) was fitted by the Dubinin-Radushkevich, Langmuir, Freundlich, and Sips models. The adsorption kinetics of Sr(II) was analyzed by PFO, PSO, and Elovich models. The adsorption kinetics of SA was also investigated. It was demonstrated that the Mg0.2Zn0.8Fe2O4 sample exhibited 90% removal of salicylic acid from the water solutions. The results demonstrated that magnetic Mg-Zn ferrites with spinel structure are good sorbents for the removal of SA and Sr(II) ions from aqueous solution.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Zinco/análise , Adsorção , Compostos Férricos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Íons , Cinética , Magnésio , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Ácido Salicílico , Termodinâmica
19.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(21): 26982-26997, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32385819

RESUMO

Three smart novel polystyrene-based hydrogel nanocomposites were introduced for recovery of some divalent heavy metals (Cu2+ ad Pb2+) from simulated solutions for industrial wastewater remediation. In this regard, magnetic nanoparticles were prepared then fabricated with polystyrene waste and a copolymer of acrylic acid and acrylamide in presence of an initiator/crosslinking system. The chemical amendment process was established by the IR spectroscopy and the prepared hydrogels were characterized by the AFM microscopy and XRD analysis. Moreover, the elimination efficacy of the prepared hydrogels was monitored for Cu2+ and Pb2+versus different temperatures and pH values in simulated solution. The data showed a direct relation between the contact time and the amount of the metal removed. Moreover, it was found that the removal efficiency decreases within the region between LCST of polyacrylamide and HCST of polystyrene. It was also proved that maximum metal removal was attained at neutral pH. The maximum removal was achieved by the hydrogel with minimum magnetite content with removal capacity of 128 mg/g of Cu2+ and 122 mg/g of Pb2+ in single removal experiments at optimum test conditions. In double removal experiments, the prepared hydrogels showed obvious selectivity towards Cu2+ ions. The reusability of the investigated hydrogels was examined at three swelling-deswelling cycles.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Adsorção , Cátions , Hidrogéis , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Poliestirenos , Soluções
20.
J Chromatogr A ; 1622: 461147, 2020 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32450989

RESUMO

Molecularly imprinted polymers coated magnetic particles (Fe3O4@MIPs) were prepared and used as adsorbents in solid phase extraction for efficient enantioseparation of racemic tryptophan (Trp) in aqueous medium. The amino-modified magnetic particles (Fe3O4-NH2) were first synthesized by one-pot hydrothermal method. Then the template molecules (L-Trp) were assembled on the surface of Fe3O4-NH2. Finally, Fe3O4@MIPs were prepared via a sol-gel method using L-Trp@Fe3O4-NH2 complex as matrix, 3-aminopropyltriethoxylsilane and n-octyltriethoxysilane as functional monomers. The as-prepared Fe3O4@MIPs were spherical with an average diameter about 149 ± 6.0 nm. The thickness of MIPs layer was approximately 3.5 ± 2.3 nm. The adsorption isotherms data of Fe3O4@MIPs toward L-Trp and D-Trp were well described by the Langmuir model. The maximum adsorption capacities of Fe3O4@MIPs for L-Trp and D-Trp were calculated to be 17.2 ± 0.34 mg/g and 7.2 ± 0.19 mg/g, respectively. The material exhibited good selectivity toward L-Trp with imprinting factor of 5.6. Excitingly, the enantiomeric excess (ee) of Trp in supernatant after adsorption of racemic Trp by Fe3O4@MIPs was as high as 100%. The result suggests that the imprinted caves in Fe3O4@MIPs are highly matched with L-Trp molecule in space structure and spatial arrangement of active functional groups. The work also demonstrates that sol-gel technology has great potential in preparation of MIPs for chiral separation.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Magnéticos , Impressão Molecular/métodos , Polímeros/síntese química , Triptofano/química , Triptofano/isolamento & purificação , Água/química , Adsorção , Compostos Férricos/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Polímeros/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Eletricidade Estática , Estereoisomerismo , Temperatura , Fatores de Tempo
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