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1.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(4): 499-505, 2020 Apr 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895132

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of olmesartan on age-associated migration and invasion capacities and microRNA (miRAN) axis in human aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (HA-VSMCs). METHODS: Cultured HA-VSMCs were divided into control group, bleomycin-mediated senescence (BLM) group and bleomycin + olmesartan treatment group. Wound-healing assay and Boyden chambers invasion assay were used to assess the changes in migration and invasion of the cells, gelatin zymography was used to analyze matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) activation in the cells. The differentially expressed miRNAs were identified by miRNA microarray assay and validated by quantitative real-time PCR. MiR-3133 inhibitor was used to examine the effects of molecular manipulation of olmesartan on age-associated migration and invasion and MMP-2 activation in the cells. RESULTS: Compared with those of the control group, the percentage of the repopulated cells and the number of cells crossing the basement membrane increased significantly in BLM group [(78.43±12.76)% vs (42.47±7.22)%, P < 0.05; 33.33±5.51 vs 13.00±4.36, P < 0.05]. A significant increase of MMP-2 activation was found in BLM group as compared with the control group (1.66 ± 0.27 vs 0.87 ± 0.13, P < 0.05). Olmesartan significantly inhibited BLM-induced enhancement of cell migration and invasion and MMP-2 secretion in the cells. MiR-3133 was significantly downregulated in BLM group and upregulated in olmesartan group. Transfection with miR-3133 inhibitor significantly reversed the effects of olmesartan on age-associated migration and invasion of the cells [(85.87±7.39)% vs (49.77±3.05)%; 34.67±2.31 vs 20.00±4.58, P < 0.05] and MMP-2 activation in the cells (1.76±0.19 vs 0.94±0.10, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Olmesartan inhibits the migration and invasion of ageassociated HA-VSMCs probably by upregulating of the miR-3133 axis.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/genética , Músculo Liso Vascular , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Imidazóis , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz , Miócitos de Músculo Liso , Tetrazóis
2.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(8): 1065-1071, 2020 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895190

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of heparanase (HPSE) on apoptosis of microvascular endothelial cells (MVECs) and trans-endothelial migration of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. METHODS: A HCC cell line with high HPSE expression was selected by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting and transefected with a lentiviral vector containing an interfering RNA sequence of HPSE. Transwell migration assay was performed to detect the trans-endothelial migration (TEM) rate of the transfected HCC cells across human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). In a Transwell indirect co-culture system, the effect of HPSE silencing in the HCC cells was determined on apoptosis of HUVECs in vitro. A nude mouse model of HCC was used to verify the effect of HPSE on apoptosis of MVECs and liver metastasis of the tumor. RESULTS: HCCLM3 cell line highly expressing HPSE was selected for the experiment. Transfection of the HCC cells with the lentiviral vector for HPSE interference the HCC cells resulted in significantly lowered TEM rate as compared with the cells transfected with the control vector (P < 0.01). In the indirect co-culture system, the survival rate of HUVECs co-cultured with HCCLM3 cells with HPSE interference was significantly higher and their apoptotic index was significantly lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05). Ultrastructural observation showed no obvious apoptosis of HUVECs co-cultured with HCCLM3 cells with HPSE interference but revealed obvious apoptotic changes in the control group. In the animal experiment, the tumor formation rate in the liver was 100% (6/6) in the control group, significantly higher than that in RNAi group (33.3%, 2/6) (P < 0.05). Under optical microscope, necrosis and apoptosis of the MVECs was detected in the liver of the control mice, while the endothelial cells remained almost intact in RNAi group. CONCLUSIONS: HPSE promotes the metastasis of HCC cells by inducing apoptosis of MVECs.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Animais , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Endoteliais , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glucuronidase , Humanos , Camundongos
3.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(6): 893-898, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895194

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association of integrinα5 (ITGA5) with grading of liver cancer and the overall patient survival and investigate the effects of integrin α5 (ITGA5) silencing on the proliferation, invasion and migration abilities of human liver cancer Bel-7404 cells. METHODS: UALCAN was used to analyze the expression of ITGA5 in liver cancer tissues and normal tissues, and expression in different grades of liver cancer tissues. GEPIA was used to analyze the relationship between ITGA5 expression and the survival of liver cancer patients through.The ITGA5 shRNA lentiviral vector was used to infect Bel-7404 cells to establish a cell line with stable ITGA5 silencing verified by Western blotting. Plate clone formation assay and Transwell assay were used to detect the proliferation, invasion and migration of Bel-7404 cells. The correlation between ITGA5 and PI3K in liver cancer tissues and control tissues was analyzed using Oncomine cancer specimen database. RESULTS: The expression of ITGA5 was significantly higher in liver cancer than in normal tissues (P < 0.05). The expression of ITGA5 was significantly lower in grade 1 than in grade 2 liver cancer, and also lower in grade 2 than in grade 3 liver cancer (P < 0.05). The patients with high ITGA5 expression had a significantly lower overall survival rate than those with low ITGA5 expression (P < 0.05). Plate clone formation assay showed that the clone formation rate was significantly lowered in Bel-7404 cells with ITGA5 silencing compared with the blank and negative control cells (P < 0.05). ITGA5 silencing significantly attenuated the migration of Bel-7404 cells as shown by Transwell assay (P < 0.05). ITGA5 and PI3K were both highly expressed and showed a positive correlation in liver cancer tissues (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: ITGA5 is closely related to the progression of liver cancer and the patients' prognosis. ITGA5 silencing inhibits the proliferation, invasion and migration of liver cancer cells. ITGA5 promotes the liver cancer growth and metastasis possibly by regulating the PI3K signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Integrina alfa5 , Invasividade Neoplásica , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases
4.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(6): 869-875, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895200

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of miR-204 on the invasion and metastasis of breast cancer by targeted regulation of HNRNPA2B1. METHODS: The bioinformatics database was used to obtain data of the expressions of miR-204 in breast cancer patients and the survival rate of the patients. RT-qPCR was used to detect the expression of miR-204 in breast cancer cell lines. The expression vector GV369-miR-204 was used to overexpress miR-204 in MDA-MB-231 cells. Transwell assay was performed to detect the effect of miR-204 on the migration and invasion ability of the breast cancer cells. The key genes (hub genes) of miR-204 were determined by bioinformatics method. A dual luciferase assay was used to analyze the targeting relationship between miR-204 and HNRNPA2B1. The expression of HNRNPA2B1 in MDA-MB-231 cells after miR-204 overexpression was detected by Western blotting, and Transwell assay was used to examine the changes in the cell invasion ability. RESULTS: The expression of miR-204 was decreased in both breast cancer tissues, and was significantly lower in breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells than in MCF-10A cells (P < 0.05). The decreased expression of miR-204 was associated with poorer prognosis of breast cancer patients (P < 0.05). Upregulation of miR-204 in MDA-MB-231 cells significantly inhibited the invasion and migration of the cells (P < 0.05). Analysis of the data from the Starbase revealed that the expression of miR-204-5p was negatively correlated with the expression of HNRNPA2B1, and the expression of HNRNPA2B1 was increased in breast cancer patients (P < 0.05) in association with a poorer prognosis of the patients (P < 0.05). Dual luciferase assay demonstrated that miR-204 could bind to HNRNPA2B1 in a target-specific manner. Western blotting and Transwell assay showed that miR-204 significant inhibited the migration and invasion ability of breast cancer cells by targeting HNRNPA2B1 (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: miR-204 expression is decreased in breast cancer tissues and cells, and its overexpression can inhibit the invasion and metastasis of breast cancer cells by targeted regulation of HNRNPA2B1.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , MicroRNAs/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica
5.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(6): 876-883, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895205

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To prepare warangalone-loaded thermosensitive liposomes (WLTSL) and evaluate its inhibitory effect on breast cancer cells in vitro. METHODS: MTT assay was used to assess the changes in proliferation of 3 breast cancer cell lines (MDA-MB-231, MCF7, and SKBR3) following treatment with warangalone, soy isoflavone and genistein. Colony-forming assay and wound healing assay was used to assess colony forming activity and migration of MDA-MB-231 cells treated with warangalone. The effect of warangalone on the expression of MMP2 and MMP9 in MDA-MB-231 cells was examined with Western blotting. The thermosensitive liposomes (TSL) and WLTSL were prepared using a thin film hydration method, and the morphology, size, encapsulation efficiency and stability of the prepared liposomes were characterized using transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering scanning and UV spectrophotometry. MTT assay was used to examine the inhibitory effect of WLTSL on mouse breast cancer cells (4T1) in vitro. RESULTS: Warangalone showed stronger anti-proliferation effects than soy isoflavones and genistein in the 3 human breast cancer cell lines and significantly inhibited colony formation by MDA-MB-231 cells. Treatment with warangalone significantly inhibited migration of the breast cancer cells and down-regulated the cellular expressions of MMP2 and MMP9. The prepared TSL and WLTSL presented with a homogeneous, irregular spherical morphology, with a mean particle size of 56.23±0.61 nm, a polymer dispersity index of 0.241±0.014, a Zeta potential of -40.40±0.46 mV, and an encapsulation efficiency was 87.68±2.41%. WLTSL showed a good stability at 4 ℃ and 37 ℃ and a stronger inhibitory effect than warangalone in 4T1 cells. CONCLUSIONS: Warangalone inhibits the proliferation, migration and invasion of breast cancer cells, and the prepared WLTSL possesses good physical properties and strong anti-breast cancer activity.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Isoflavonas , Lipossomos , Camundongos
6.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(5): 661-669, 2020 May 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897196

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate serum levels of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) TUSC7 in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), its association with clinicopathological parameters and its role in promoting tumor metastasis and invasion. METHODS: Serum samples were collected from 60 patients with ESCC admitted between January, 2017 and May, 2019, with 60 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects as the control group. Serum level of TUSC7 in ESCC patients and its expression in 4 ESCC cell lines was detected with RT-qPCR. The association of serum TUSC7 level with the clinicopathological features of the patients was analyzed. KYSE-30 cell models with TUSC7 overexpression or knockdown were established, and the proliferation of the cells was examined with MTT assay and their migration and invasion were assessed using wound healing and Transwell assays. Western blotting was used to detect the cellular expressions of the proteins associated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). RESULTS: The patients with ESCC had significantly lower serum TUSC7 level than the healthy control subjects (P < 0.05). The ESCC cell lines also expressed lower levels of TUSC7 than normal cells (P < 0.05). Serum TUSC7 level was negatively correlated with tumor staging, lymph node metastasis and infiltration (P < 0.05) but was not significantly correlated with other clinicopathological parameters in ESCC patients. In the invitro cell experiment, overexpression of TUSC7 in KYSE-30 cells significantly inhibited cell migration and invasion (P < 0.05), enhanced the expression of the EMT marker protein E-cadherin and lowered the expressions of N-cadherin, Vimentin and MMP9 (P < 0.05); knocking down TUSC7 in the cells produced the opposite effects. CONCLUSIONS: The down-regulation of TUSC7 expression in the serum of ESCC patients and in ESCC cell lines is associated with the metastasis of ESCC and promotes tumor cell migration and invasion by promoting EMT, indicating the potential of serum TUSC7 level as a molecular marker for diagnosis, treatment and metastasis monitoring of ESCC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica
7.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(8): 635-643, 2020 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867454

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of microRNA-182-5p (miR-182-5p) on cell proliferation and invasion of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and its related molecular mechanisms. Methods: Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was employed to detect the miR-182-5p expression in ESCC tissues and cells. MiR-182-5p inhibitor, miR-182-5p mimic and negative control (NC) were transfected into ESCC Eca109 and TE1 cells, and miR-182-5p expression after transfection was examined using RT-qPCR. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) was utilized to investigate the cell proliferation and Transwell chamber was used to detect the cell invasion ability. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to detect the direct interaction of miR-182-5p and cell adhesion molecule 2 (CADM2), RT-qPCR was employed to detect CADM2 expression in ESCC tissues, the correlation between CADM2 and miR-182-5p was also examined. Finally, western blot was used to detect the protein expressions of CADM2, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), p-Akt and Akt after transfection. Results: The miR-182-5p level in ESCC tissues was (2.180±1.295), significantly higher than (0.890±0.284) in normal esophageal epithelial tissues (P<0.001). The survival ratio of ESCC patients with high miR-182-5p level was evidently lower than that of ESCC patients with low miR-182-5p level (P<0.05). MiR-182-5p expression was significantly associated with TNM staging and lymph node metastasis (P<0.05). The expressions of miR-182-5p in ESCC cells including EC9706, Eca109, TE1, KYSE450 and KYSE70 were (2.449±0.082), (2.965±0.088), (4.873±0.258), (1.338±0.045) and (1.999±0.082), respectively, obviously higher than (0.989±0.087) in normal esophageal epithelial cell Het-1A (all P<0.01). Besides, miR-182-5p inhibitor significantly downregulated the miR-182-5p expression in Eca109 and TE1, and suppressed cell proliferation and invasion ability. Conversely, miR-182-5p mimic significantly upregulated the miR-182-5p expression in Eca109 and TE1, and promoted cell proliferation and invasion ability. Dual-luciferase reporter assay revealed that co-transfection of CADM2-3'UTR-WT and miR-182-5p mimic significantly reduced the luciferase activities in Eca109 and TE1 cells (P<0.01), and CADM2 was the direct target of miR-182-5p. The expression of CADM2 in ESCC tissues was (0.190±0.143), markedly lower than (0.845±0.327) in normal esophageal epithelial tissues (P<0.001). The miR-182-5p level exhibited negative correlation with CADM2 level in ESCC tissues (r=-0.5004, P<0.001). In addition, CADM2 expression was closely correlated with TNM staging and lymph node metastasis (P<0.05). The survival ratio of ESCC patients with high CADM2 level was evidently higher than that of ESCC patients with low CADM2 level (P<0.05). MiR-182-5p inhibitor significantly upregulated the expression of CADM2 protein, but suppressed the protein expressions of FAK, p-Akt and Akt, whereas miR-182-5p mimic markedly downregulated the expression of CADM2 protein, but promoted the protein expressions of FAK, p-Akt and Akt. Conclusion: MiR-182-5p is implicated in the carcinogenesis and development of ESCC, and thus may be a potential molecular target for ESCC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs , Invasividade Neoplásica , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Humanos
8.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3990, 2020 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778659

RESUMO

The molecular mechanisms regulating lymphocyte homing into lymph nodes are only partly understood. Here, we report that B cell-specific deletion of the X-linked gene, Cosmc, and the consequent decrease of protein O-glycosylation, induces developmental blocks of mouse B cells. After transfer into wild-type recipient, Cosmc-null B cells fail to home to lymph nodes as well as non-lymphoid organs. Enzymatic desialylation of wild-type B cells blocks their migration into lymph nodes, indicating a requirement of sialylated O-glycans for proper trafficking. Mechanistically, Cosmc-deficient B cells have normal rolling and firm arrest on high endothelium venules (HEV), thereby attributing their inefficient trafficking to alterations in the subsequent transendothelial migration step. Finally, Cosmc-null B cells have defective chemokine signaling responses. Our results thus demonstrate that Cosmc and its effects on O-glycosylation are important for controlling B cell homing.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Linfonodos/metabolismo , Chaperonas Moleculares/metabolismo , Animais , Movimento Celular , Feminino , Glicosilação , Humanos , Imunidade Humoral/fisiologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Chaperonas Moleculares/genética , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Vênulas
9.
Gene ; 759: 145001, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32738420

RESUMO

BACKROUND: CSCs having the common features of high telomerase activity and high migration and invasion capabilities play a vital role as the initiators of metastasis. Small molecule BIBR1532 has been shown to target cancer cells by inhibiting telomerase. Recent studies have suggested that telomerase activity is associated with epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT). EMT program, which causes epithelial cells to acquire a mesenchymal morphology, is known to play a significant role in cancer metastasis. METHODS: The hypothesis of our study was that suppression of telomerase in breast cancer and cancer stem cells would interrupt EMT mechanism. Cytotoxicity of BIBR1532 was evaluated using WST-1 assay in all cell lines and the effects of BIBR1532 on apoptosis were investigated with Annexin V. Migration rate of the cells was examined by wound healing assay and sphere forming capacities were observed by hanging drop test. Finally, the expression of 84 EMT-related genes was analyzed by real-time qPCR. RESULTS: The IC50 values for the MDA-MB-231 and breast epithelial stem cells of BIBR1532 were analyzed as 18.04 and 38.71 µl at 72 h, respectively. Interestingly, apoptosis was only induced in stem cells. In hanging drop test, sphere areas were reduced in stem cells treated with BIBR1532. In wound healing assay, BIBR1532 decreased the migration rate of stem cells. Together with this, expression of EMT-related genes were regulated in stem cells towards a epithelial phenotype. CONCLUSION: Our obtained results indicated that telomerase inhibition affects the EMT mechanism. The targeted elimination of breast cancer stem cells by a telomerase inhibitor in cancer treatment may limit the mobility and stemness of cancer cells interrupting the EMT mechanism, thus may prevent metastasis.


Assuntos
Aminobenzoatos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Naftalenos/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/fisiologia , Telomerase/antagonistas & inibidores
10.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 39(2): 101-111, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32749120

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to be involved in cancer initiation and evolution, including colorectal cancer (CRC). Nuclear-enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1) exerts important functions in multiple cancers; however, the specific modulatory mechanism in CRC demands in-depth exploration. The expression levels of NEAT1, microRNA-195-5p (miR-195-5p), and centrosomal protein 55 (CEP55) were examined using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and protein expression of CEP55 was detected by Western blot assay. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazole-2-y1)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and flow cytometry. Transwell migration and invasion assays were applied to evaluate cell metastasis ability. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to analyze the correlation among NEAT1, miR-195-5p and CEP55. The expression of NEAT1 was up-regulated in CRC tissues and cells, and overall survival was lower with high expression of NEAT1. Knockdown of NEAT1 repressed cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, while inducing apoptosis in CRC cells. NEAT1 targeted miR-195-5p and inhibited the expression of miR-195-5p. Silence of NEAT1 inhibited CRC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, and promoted apoptosis by up-regulating miR-195-5p. MiR-195-5p targeted and suppressed CEP55 expression, and CEP55 reverted the effects induced by miR-195-5p. NEAT1 regulated the expression of CEP55 through miR-195-5p. NEAT1 promotes colorectal cancer cellular processes by regulating CEP55 expression via the sponging of miR-195-5p. Therefore, NEAT1 might play a crucial role in CRC treatments.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Apoptose/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Mucosa Gástrica/citologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Células HCT116 , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo
11.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(4): 1256-1260, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798408

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of miR-144 to the biological behavior of multiple myeloma cells and its mechanism. METHODS: RT-PCR was used to detect the expression of miR-144 in multiple myeloma cells and plasma of MM patients. MTT assay was used to detect the proliferation and cloning ability of myeloma cells transfected by miR-144. Flow cytometry was used to detect the cell cycle distribution of myeloma cells with over-expression of miR-144. Apoptosis of myeloma cells with over-expression of miR-144 was detected by TUNEL assay. Transwell cell invasion and migration assay was used to detect the invasion and migration ability of myeloma cells with overexpressing on miR-144.Western blot analysis was used to detect the protein expression levels of MMP-9 and MMP-2 in myeloma cells with over expression of miR-144, as well as the expression levels of proteins related to Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. RESULTS: The expression level of miR-144 in MM cell lines and blood of MM patients was significantly lower than that in control group (P<0.05). The proliferation, invasion and migration of myeloma cells with over-expression of miR-144 were significantly decreased (P<0.05), and the apoptosis level was increased (P<0.05). The expression levels of MMP-9, MMP-2, Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway in myeloma cells with over-expression of miR-144 were significantly lower than those in control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: MiR-144 can inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of multiple myeloma cells and induce cell apoptosis. The specific mechanism may be related with the activity of inhibiting Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , MicroRNAs , Mieloma Múltiplo , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Proteína Wnt4 , beta Catenina
12.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3978, 2020 08 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32770044

RESUMO

Methionine restriction, a dietary regimen that protects against metabolic diseases and aging, represses cancer growth and improves cancer therapy. However, the response of different cancer cells to this nutritional manipulation is highly variable, and the molecular determinants of this heterogeneity remain poorly understood. Here we report that hepatocyte nuclear factor 4α (HNF4α) dictates the sensitivity of liver cancer to methionine restriction. We show that hepatic sulfur amino acid (SAA) metabolism is under transcriptional control of HNF4α. Knocking down HNF4α or SAA enzymes in HNF4α-positive epithelial liver cancer lines impairs SAA metabolism, increases resistance to methionine restriction or sorafenib, promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition, and induces cell migration. Conversely, genetic or metabolic restoration of the transsulfuration pathway in SAA metabolism significantly alleviates the outcomes induced by HNF4α deficiency in liver cancer cells. Our study identifies HNF4α as a regulator of hepatic SAA metabolism that regulates the sensitivity of liver cancer to methionine restriction.


Assuntos
Fator 4 Nuclear de Hepatócito/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Metionina/metabolismo , Animais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Cisteína/metabolismo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator 4 Nuclear de Hepatócito/genética , Fígado/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Mesoderma/efeitos dos fármacos , Mesoderma/patologia , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Metaboloma/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Sorafenibe/farmacologia , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3798, 2020 07 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732867

RESUMO

Blood vascular endothelial cells (BECs) control the immune response by regulating blood flow and immune cell recruitment in lymphoid tissues. However, the diversity of BEC and their origins during immune angiogenesis remain unclear. Here we profile transcriptomes of BEC from peripheral lymph nodes and map phenotypes to the vasculature. We identify multiple subsets, including a medullary venous population whose gene signature predicts a selective role in myeloid cell (vs lymphocyte) recruitment to the medulla, confirmed by videomicroscopy. We define five capillary subsets, including a capillary resident precursor (CRP) that displays stem cell and migratory gene signatures, and contributes to homeostatic BEC turnover and to neogenesis of high endothelium after immunization. Cell alignments show retention of developmental programs along trajectories from CRP to mature venous and arterial populations. Our single cell atlas provides a molecular roadmap of the lymph node blood vasculature and defines subset specialization for leukocyte recruitment and vascular homeostasis.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais/citologia , Endotélio Vascular/citologia , Linfonodos/irrigação sanguínea , Linfócitos/imunologia , Células Mieloides/imunologia , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Movimento Celular/imunologia , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Homeostase/imunologia , Inflamação/imunologia , Tecido Linfoide/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Transgênicos , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Análise de Célula Única , Transcriptoma/genética
14.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(3): 038003, 2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745423

RESUMO

Experiments and theory have shown that cell monolayers and epithelial tissues exhibit solid-liquid and glass-liquid transitions. These transitions are biologically relevant to our understanding of embryonic development, wound healing, and cancer. Current models of confluent epithelia have focused on the role of cell shape, with less attention paid to cell extrusion, which is key for maintaining homeostasis in biological tissue. Here, we use a multiphase field model to study the solid-liquid transition in a confluent monolayer of deformable cells. Cell overlap is allowed and provides a way for modeling the precursor for extrusion. When cells overlap rather than deform, we find that the melting transition changes from continuous to first order like, and that there is an intermittent regime close to the transition, where solid and liquid states alternate over time. By studying the dynamics of five- and sevenfold disclinations in the hexagonal lattice formed by the cell centers, we observe that these correlate with spatial fluctuations in the cellular overlap, and that cell extrusion tends to initiate near fivefold disclinations.


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais/química , Células Epiteliais/citologia , Rim/química , Rim/citologia , Modelos Biológicos , Animais , Fenômenos Biofísicos , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Forma Celular/fisiologia , Cães , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Transição de Fase
15.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(5): 058103, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32794851

RESUMO

Many complex systems, ranging from migrating cells to animal groups, exhibit stochastic dynamics described by the underdamped Langevin equation. Inferring such an equation of motion from experimental data can provide profound insight into the physical laws governing the system. Here, we derive a principled framework to infer the dynamics of underdamped stochastic systems from realistic experimental trajectories, sampled at discrete times and subject to measurement errors. This framework yields an operational method, Underdamped Langevin Inference, which performs well on experimental trajectories of single migrating cells and in complex high-dimensional systems, including flocks with Viscek-like alignment interactions. Our method is robust to experimental measurement errors, and includes a self-consistent estimate of the inference error.


Assuntos
Modelos Teóricos , Movimento , Animais , Comportamento Animal/fisiologia , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Poeira , Modelos Biológicos , Modelos Químicos , Movimento/fisiologia , Dinâmica não Linear , Densidade Demográfica
16.
Int J Exp Pathol ; 101(3-4): 96-105, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608553

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been proven to play important roles in various cancers, including gastric cancer (GC). However, detailed knowledge about lncRNAs in GC is limited. Therefore we carried out an in-depth study of public data and found 83 differently expressed lncRNAs in GC. To further confirm the target genes of these lncRNAs, we constructed a co-expression network between lncRNAs and mRNAs and found three lncRNAs (MBNL1-AS1, HAND2-AS1 and MIR100HG) were at the core of the network. By coalition analysis of clinical information and the three lncRNAs' expression level from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and GSE15459 data sets, we found MIR100HG could be a potential prognostic factor. Clinical samples showed patients with higher MIR100HG expression had poorer prognosis, and further experiments demonstrated that MIR100HG was associated with proliferation, migration and invasion of GC cells. Hopefully, MIR100HG might be considered as a novel prognostic factor and biomarker for GC.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
17.
Cancer Sci ; 111(9): 3245-3257, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32639636

RESUMO

Because advanced laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is diagnosed as a malignant tumor with a poor prognosis, the associated mechanisms still need to be further investigated. As key players in the development and progression of LSCC, lncRNAs have attracted increasing attention from many researchers. In this study, a novel lncRNA termed IGKJ2-MALLP2 was identified and investigated for its effects on the development of LSCC. IGKJ2-MALLP2 expression was confirmed by RT-qPCR in 78 pairs of tissues and human laryngeal carcinoma cell lines. The results of this study showed that the expression of IGKJ2-MALLP2 was reduced in LSCC tissues and displayed close relationships with tumor stage, lymph node metastasis, and clinical stage. Using a dual-luciferase reporter assay, the ability of miR-1911-3p to bind both IGKJ2-MALLP2 and p21 mRNA was demonstrated. IGKJ2-MALLP2 could upregulate p21 expression by competitively binding miR-1911-3p. Moreover, IGKJ2-MALLP2 effectively hindered the invasion, migration, and proliferation of AMC-HN-8 and TU212 tumor cells. Furthermore, its high expression could hinder the secretion of VEGF-A and suppress angiogenesis. As revealed by the results of in vitro experiments, IGKJ2-MALLP2 overexpression could restrict tumor growth and blood vessel formation in a xenograft model of LSCC. As indicated from the mentioned findings, IGKJ2-MALLP2, which mediates p21 expression by targeting miR-1911-3p, was capable of regulating LSCC progression and could act as an underlying therapeutic candidate to treat LSCC.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Laríngeas/genética , MicroRNAs , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Interferência de RNA , RNA Longo não Codificante , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
18.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(29): 17369-17380, 2020 07 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641503

RESUMO

Voltage-gated L-type Ca2+ channel (Cav1.2) blockers (LCCBs) are major drugs for treating hypertension, the preeminent risk factor for heart failure. Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) remodeling is a pathological hallmark of chronic hypertension. VSMC remodeling is characterized by molecular rewiring of the cellular Ca2+ signaling machinery, including down-regulation of Cav1.2 channels and up-regulation of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stromal-interacting molecule (STIM) Ca2+ sensor proteins and the plasma membrane ORAI Ca2+ channels. STIM/ORAI proteins mediate store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) and drive fibro-proliferative gene programs during cardiovascular remodeling. SOCE is activated by agonists that induce depletion of ER Ca2+, causing STIM to activate ORAI. Here, we show that the three major classes of LCCBs activate STIM/ORAI-mediated Ca2+ entry in VSMCs. LCCBs act on the STIM N terminus to cause STIM relocalization to junctions and subsequent ORAI activation in a Cav1.2-independent and store depletion-independent manner. LCCB-induced promotion of VSMC remodeling requires STIM1, which is up-regulated in VSMCs from hypertensive rats. Epidemiology showed that LCCBs are more associated with heart failure than other antihypertensive drugs in patients. Our findings unravel a mechanism of LCCBs action on Ca2+ signaling and demonstrate that LCCBs promote vascular remodeling through STIM-mediated activation of ORAI. Our data indicate caution against the use of LCCBs in elderly patients or patients with advanced hypertension and/or onset of cardiovascular remodeling, where levels of STIM and ORAI are elevated.


Assuntos
Canais de Cálcio Tipo L/metabolismo , Hipertensão/metabolismo , Molécula 1 de Interação Estromal/metabolismo , Molécula 2 de Interação Estromal/metabolismo , Moléculas de Interação Estromal/metabolismo , Remodelação Vascular/fisiologia , Animais , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Cálcio/metabolismo , Canais de Cálcio Tipo L/efeitos dos fármacos , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Células HEK293 , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Miócitos de Músculo Liso , Proteínas de Neoplasias , Proteína ORAI1/genética , Ratos , Molécula 1 de Interação Estromal/genética , Molécula 2 de Interação Estromal/genética
19.
Cancer Sci ; 111(9): 3292-3302, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32644283

RESUMO

EphA10 (erythropoietin-producing hepatocellular carcinoma receptor A10) is a catalytically defective receptor protein tyrosine kinase in the ephrin receptor family. Although EphA10 is involved in the malignancy of some types of cancer, its role as an oncogene has not been extensively studied. Here, we investigated the influence of EphA10 on the tumorigenic potential of pancreatic cancer cells. Analysis of expression profiles from The Cancer Genome Atlas confirmed that EphA10 was elevated and higher in tumor tissues than in normal tissues in some cancer types, including pancreatic cancer. EphA10 silencing reduced the proliferation, migration, and adhesion of MIA PaCa-2 and AsPC-1 pancreatic cancer cells. These effects were reversed by overexpression of EphA10 in MIA PaCa-2 cells. Importantly, overexpression and silencing of EphA10 respectively increased and decreased the weight, volume, and number of Ki-67-positive proliferating cells in MIA PaCa-2 xenograft tumors. Further, EphA10 expression was positively correlated with invasion and gelatin degradation in MIA PaCa-2 cells. Moreover, overexpression of EphA10 enhanced the expression and secretion of MMP-9 in MIA PaCa-2 cells and increased the expression of MMP-9 and the vascular density in xenograft tumors. Finally, expression of EphA10 increased the phosphorylation of ERK, JNK, AKT, FAK, and NF-κB, which are important for cell proliferation, survival, adhesion, migration, and invasion. Therefore, we suggest that EphA10 plays a pivotal role in the tumorigenesis of pancreatic epithelial cells and is a novel therapeutic target for pancreatic cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/etiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Receptores da Família Eph/genética , Receptores da Família Eph/metabolismo , Animais , Adesão Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Transdução de Sinais
20.
Toxicol Lett ; 332: 155-163, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32645460

RESUMO

Chronic exposure to arsenic increases the risk of developing a variety of human cancers including lung carcinomas. However, the exact molecular mechanism underlying arsenic carcinogenicity remains largely unknown. Autophagy is a conserved catabolic process for maintaining cellular protein homeostasis whose defects might result in accumulation of dysfunctional organelles and damaged proteins thus promoting tumorigenesis. In the present study, we found that chronic exposure of human bronchial epithelial BEAS-2B cells to sub-lethal dose of sodium arsenite led to autophagy activation and induced an epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) to enhance cell migratory and invasive capability. The malignant transformation was mediated via activation of MEK/ERK1/2 signaling. Importantly, inhibition of autophagy in these arsenic-exposed cells by pharmacological intervention or genetic deletion further promoted the EMT and increased the generation of inflammasomes. Both autophagy inhibitor and genetic deletion of autophagy core gene Beclin-1 produced similar effects. These results may suggest the important role of autophagy in sodium arsenite-induced lung tumorigenesis which may serve as a potential target in prevention and treatment of arsenic-imposed lung cancer.


Assuntos
Arsênico/toxicidade , Autofagia/fisiologia , Brônquios/patologia , Neoplasias Brônquicas/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Brônquicas/patologia , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/induzido quimicamente , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/patologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Beclina-1/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Inflamassomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
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