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1.
Nature ; 582(7811): 230-233, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32499650

RESUMO

Distrust in scientific expertise1-14 is dangerous. Opposition to vaccination with a future vaccine against SARS-CoV-2, the causal agent of COVID-19, for example, could amplify outbreaks2-4, as happened for measles in 20195,6. Homemade remedies7,8 and falsehoods are being shared widely on the Internet, as well as dismissals of expert advice9-11. There is a lack of understanding about how this distrust evolves at the system level13,14. Here we provide a map of the contention surrounding vaccines that has emerged from the global pool of around three billion Facebook users. Its core reveals a multi-sided landscape of unprecedented intricacy that involves nearly 100 million individuals partitioned into highly dynamic, interconnected clusters across cities, countries, continents and languages. Although smaller in overall size, anti-vaccination clusters manage to become highly entangled with undecided clusters in the main online network, whereas pro-vaccination clusters are more peripheral. Our theoretical framework reproduces the recent explosive growth in anti-vaccination views, and predicts that these views will dominate in a decade. Insights provided by this framework can inform new policies and approaches to interrupt this shift to negative views. Our results challenge the conventional thinking about undecided individuals in issues of contention surrounding health, shed light on other issues of contention such as climate change11, and highlight the key role of network cluster dynamics in multi-species ecologies15.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Internacionalidade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Opinião Pública , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Vacinação/psicologia , Algoritmos , Análise por Conglomerados , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Humanos , Fatores de Tempo , Vacinas Virais
2.
Nursing ; 50(7): 63-67, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32558794

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To define research utilization (RU) and identify barriers and facilitators to RU in nursing practice. METHODS: An international integrative review of 42 studies was conducted related to barriers and facilitators of RU. RESULTS: Following a review of the research that met the inclusion criteria, the author identifies common themes related to the implementation of research into clinical practice and the challenges surrounding RU. CONCLUSION: Despite consistently perceived barriers to research among nurses from different geographic, cultural, and clinical backgrounds, practice changes are typically out of their hands. Further research is necessary to gauge perception among the nursing associations, regulatory bodies, healthcare organizations, policy makers, and managers responsible for implementing these changes.


Assuntos
Enfermagem Baseada em Evidências/organização & administração , Internacionalidade , Pesquisa/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos
3.
Global Health ; 16(1): 51, 2020 06 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32580728

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has ushered in a new climate of uncertainty which is fuelling protectionism and playing into nationalist narratives. Globalisation is under significant threat as governments scramble to reduce their vulnerability to the virus by limiting global trade and flows of people. With the imposition of border closures and strict migration measures, there have been major disruptions in Africa's global supply chains with adverse impacts on employment and poverty. The African economies overly reliant on single export-orientated industries, such as oil and gas, are expected to be severely hit. This situation is further aggravated by tumbling oil prices and a lowered global demand for African non-oil products. The agricultural sector, which should buffer these shocks, is also being affected by the enforcement of lockdowns which threaten people's livelihoods and food security. Lockdowns may not be the answer in Africa and the issue of public health pandemic response will need to be addressed by enacting context-specific policies which should be implemented in a humane way. In addressing the socioeconomic impact of COVID-19 on African nations, we argue that governments should prioritize social protection programmes to provide people with resources to maintain economic productivity while limiting job losses. International funders are committing assistance to Africa for this purpose, but generally as loans (adding to debt burdens) rather than as grants. G20 agreement so suspend debt payments for a year will help, but is insufficient to fiscal need. Maintaining cross-border trade and cooperation to continue generating public revenues is desirable. New strategies for diversifying African economies and limiting their dependence on external funding by promoting trade with a more regionalised (continental) focus as promoted by the African Continental Free Trade Agreement, while not without limitations, should be explored. While it is premature to judge the final economic and death toll of COVID-19, African leaders' response to the pandemic, and the support they receive from wealthier nations, will determine its eventual outcomes.


Assuntos
Comércio/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Internacionalidade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , África/epidemiologia , Comércio/economia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(22): e20420, 2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481438

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fungal keratitis is one of the leading causes of ocular morbidity. The prognosis of fungal keratitis is poorer than many other forms of keratitis but the research of which relatively lags behind. We conducted a bibliometric and visualized analysis in order to characterize the overall status, general trends and current foci of keratomycosis research field. METHODS: Literature database ranged from 1959 to 2019 was obtained from web of science core collection and analyzed by Citespace and VOSviewer software. RESULTS: A total of 1906 papers of fungal keratitis were retrieved and derived a 27,917 references document set. The number of publications increased rapidly in past 30 years. Cornea was the journal published most papers of keratomycosis. The leading countries were United States of America (USA), India and Peoples Republic of China (PRC), from where came the most productive and most cited institutions and authors. Co-cited reference analysis revealed the most cited manuscripts were concerned about epidemiology or spectrum. Lens-associated Fusarium, amphotericin B, voriconazole, corneal cross-linking, predisposing factor are some of the high frequency topics in clustered co-cited reference analysis and co-occurrence keywords analysis. Burst detection analysis of keywords showed ocular drug delivery was the new research foci. CONCLUSION: From this study, we received an overall view to the current status, trends and hot spots of fungal keratitis research field. Visualized bibliometric analysis is an efficient way for literature learning and useful for future researchers.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências , Infecções Oculares Fúngicas , Ceratite , Visualização de Dados , Infecções Oculares Fúngicas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Oculares Fúngicas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Ceratite/tratamento farmacológico , Ceratite/epidemiologia , Comunicação Acadêmica/tendências
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32503333

RESUMO

Virus outbreaks are threats to humanity, and coronaviruses are the latest of many epidemics in the last few decades in the world. SARS-CoV (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Associated Coronavirus) is a member of the coronavirus family, so its study is useful for relevant virus data research. In this work, we conduct a proposed approach that is non-medical/clinical, generate graphs from five features of the SARS outbreak data in five countries and regions, and offer insights from a visual analysis perspective. The results show that prevention measures such as quarantine are the most common control policies used, and areas with strict measures did have fewer peak period days; for instance, Hong Kong handled the outbreak better than other areas. Data conflict issues found with this approach are discussed as well. Visual analysis is also proved to be a useful technique to present the SARS outbreak data at this stage; furthermore, we are proceeding to apply a similar methodology with more features to future COVID-19 research from a visual analysis perfective.


Assuntos
Análise de Dados , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Surtos de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , Internacionalidade , Quarentena/estatística & dados numéricos , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/epidemiologia , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/prevenção & controle , Conferências de Consenso como Assunto , Hong Kong/epidemiologia , Humanos , Controle de Infecções , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/transmissão , Fatores de Tempo , Organização Mundial da Saúde
8.
J Environ Manage ; 269: 110774, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32560995

RESUMO

Following the adaptation of the Paris Agreement at COP21, it was noted that the traditional measures of carbon emissions have several limitations; and a reliable and relevant carbon emissions measurement is important to formulate a response to the challenge of climate change. This study, therefore, explores the relationship between international trade and consumption-based carbon emissions, which is a trade adjusted indicator; and measures the outflow and the inflow of emissions through exports and imports separately. We also include technological innovation in the model to understand its impact on consumption-based carbon emissions. The results show that exports and consumption-based carbon emissions are negatively associated, and technological innovation helps reducing the adverse effect of CO2 growth. In contrast, Imports and gross domestic product are positively linked with consumption-based carbon emissions. The findings also suggest the countries which embraced the Paris Climate Agreement must focus on consumption-based carbon emissions rather than the production-based carbon emissions.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Comércio , Carbono , Dióxido de Carbono , Internacionalidade
9.
MEDICC Rev ; 22(2): 14-18, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32478700

RESUMO

The current pandemic has rocked the lives of human beings every-where in ways never imagined, forcing us to question where our civilization is headed. In this article, we explore and discuss scien-tifi c evidence that helps explain recent events in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.COVID-19 is caused by infection with a zoonotic-origin novel virus, SARS-CoV-2, that is genetically close to two coronavirus types iso-lated in bats. The transmission dynamics to humans from the original and intermediary hosts remain poorly understood, but it is highly likely that the SARS-CoV-2 virus infected humans after undergoing an inter-species transfer from bats to an intermediate species, and from there to human beings. Crossing the species barrier is largely fostered by industrial-scale agricultural practices that simplify original ecosystem connections by reducing biodiversity, facilitating the emergence of new infectious diseases. The scientifi c community has played an exemplary role in responding to this global emergency, working to fi nd timely, relevant solutions for governments and society as a whole. We need to take this opportunity to promote a global and open science that delves into the interrelation-ships of the biological, environmental, social and economic dimen-sions of this and other diseases while questioning current modes of production and their impact on the environment, and thus on human health worldwide. Keywords: Coronavirus infections; communicable diseases; zoonoses; ecosystems; technology, industry, and agriculture; pandemics; global health; Mexico.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Pesquisa Biomédica , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Internacionalidade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Humanos
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(7): 1596-1599, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32489037

RESUMO

Standardization is the technical support for the development of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), and the guidelines have become the main component of the core standards of TCM technology. With the rise and development of evidence-based medicine in China, more than 500 guidelines have been issued in China, and the number is still increasing, but the quality of guidelines still lags far behind the international level. Similarly, the formulation of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for TCM has gradually attracted the attention of the industry, but the quality is not so good, and most guidelines are not really evidence-based guidelines. Only reliable guidelines can fully and effectively play the role of clinical guidance. In order to comprehensively improve the scientificity and credibility of the guidelines, guideline evaluation can be used as a means to improve the quality of the guidelines. For the development of traditional Chinese medicine, it has become an urgent task to establish a complete evaluation standard system of guidelines, especially the evaluation standard system that conforms to the technical characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine. In this paper, the advantages and limitations of a series of domestic and foreign guideline evaluation tools were systematically analyzed, and the thinking and difficulties to establish the evaluation system of TCM guidelines were put forward, with a purpose to further improve the quality of TCM clinical practice guidelines, so that they can be better applied in clinical practice to enhance the clinical efficacy of TCM and ensure the quality of medical services.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , China , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Internacionalidade , Padrões de Referência
11.
Nature ; 582(7810): 73-77, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32494083

RESUMO

High blood cholesterol is typically considered a feature of wealthy western countries1,2. However, dietary and behavioural determinants of blood cholesterol are changing rapidly throughout the world3 and countries are using lipid-lowering medications at varying rates. These changes can have distinct effects on the levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and non-HDL cholesterol, which have different effects on human health4,5. However, the trends of HDL and non-HDL cholesterol levels over time have not been previously reported in a global analysis. Here we pooled 1,127 population-based studies that measured blood lipids in 102.6 million individuals aged 18 years and older to estimate trends from 1980 to 2018 in mean total, non-HDL and HDL cholesterol levels for 200 countries. Globally, there was little change in total or non-HDL cholesterol from 1980 to 2018. This was a net effect of increases in low- and middle-income countries, especially in east and southeast Asia, and decreases in high-income western countries, especially those in northwestern Europe, and in central and eastern Europe. As a result, countries with the highest level of non-HDL cholesterol-which is a marker of cardiovascular risk-changed from those in western Europe such as Belgium, Finland, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and Malta in 1980 to those in Asia and the Pacific, such as Tokelau, Malaysia, The Philippines and Thailand. In 2017, high non-HDL cholesterol was responsible for an estimated 3.9 million (95% credible interval 3.7 million-4.2 million) worldwide deaths, half of which occurred in east, southeast and south Asia. The global repositioning of lipid-related risk, with non-optimal cholesterol shifting from a distinct feature of high-income countries in northwestern Europe, north America and Australasia to one that affects countries in east and southeast Asia and Oceania should motivate the use of population-based policies and personal interventions to improve nutrition and enhance access to treatment throughout the world.


Assuntos
LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Hipercolesterolemia/sangue , Hipercolesterolemia/epidemiologia , Internacionalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Teorema de Bayes , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/sangue , Isquemia Miocárdica/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/sangue , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Adulto Jovem
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(22): e20137, 2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481379

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The infectious pneumonia caused by the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, from December 2019 and spread the whole country and even other 24 countries. Coronavirus research is of significance to overcome the epidemic. Our study aims to investigate the global status and trends of coronavirus research. METHOD: Publications related to the studies of coronavirus research from January 1, 2003 to February 6, 2020 were retrieved from the Science Citation Index-Expanded (SCI-E) of the Web of Science database. A total of 9294 publications were included. The data source was studied and indexed by bibliometric methodology. For visualized study, bibliographic coupling analysis, co-authorship analysis, co-citation analysis, co-occurrence analysis and the analysis of publication trends in coronavirus research were conducted by VOS (visualization of similarities) viewer and GraphPadPrism 6 software. RESULTS: The number of publications about coronavirus research increased sharply in 2004 for SARS outbreak and increased again in 2012 for MERS outbreak. The USA made the highest contributions to the global research with the most total number of publications, total citation frequency, and the highest H-index, while Netherlands had the highest average citation per item. Journal of Virology had the largest publication numbers. The University of Hong Kong is the most contributive institution with the most publications. The main research orientation and funding agency were virology and United States Department of Health Human Services. Keywords of all related studies could be divided into 4 clusters: "Pathological research," "Epidemiology research," "Clinical research," and "Mechanism research." CONCLUSIONS: The outbreak of the epidemic could promote coronavirus research, meanwhile, coronavirus research contributes to overcoming the epidemic. Attention should be drawn to the latest popular research, including "Spike protein," "Receptor binding domain," and "Vaccine." Therefore, more and more efforts will be put into mechanism research and vaccine research and development, which can be helpful to deal with the epidemic.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Pesquisa Biomédica/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências , Coronavirus , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Internacionalidade
13.
J Environ Manage ; 268: 110712, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32510446

RESUMO

Keeping in view the catastrophic effects of environmental degradation, G7 countries agree to implement the policy recommendations of the famous Paris Climate Agreement (COP21) in 2015; carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are increasing in G7 countries, which is a severe threat for the environment of the world. This study examines the effects of economic globalization on environmental degradation (CO2 emissions) for G7 countries for the period of 1996-2017. We further examine the role of financial development, agriculture value-added, and natural resources in the relationship between economic globalization and CO2 emissions. This study contributes to the existing literature by providing new empirical evidence on how economic globalization, along with financial development, agriculture value-added, and natural resources affect CO2 emissions in G7 economies. This study utilizes novel econometric techniques such as CS-ARDL for short-run and long-run results of the empirical analysis. The empirical findings show that economic globalization, financial development, and natural resources increase carbon emissions. In contrast, agriculture value-added decreases carbon emissions. This study suggests that policies designed for controlling carbon emissions should be absorbed in approximately more than one year.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Econômico , Recursos Naturais , Agricultura , Dióxido de Carbono , Internacionalidade
14.
Burns ; 46(5): 1021-1035, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416984

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus, SARS-CO V2 responsible for COVID-19 pandemic is rapidly escalating across the globe. Burn centers gearing for the pandemic must strike a balance between contributing to the pandemic response and preserving ongoing burn care in a safe and ethical fashion. The authors of the present communication represent seven burn centers from China, Singapore, Japan, Italy, Spain, the United Kingdom (UK), and the United States (US). Each center is located at a different point along the pandemic curve and serves different patient populations within their healthcare systems. We review our experience with the virus to date, our strategic approach to burn center function under these circumstances, and lessons learned. The purpose of this communication is to share experiences that will assist with continued preparations to help burn centers advocate for optimum burn care and overcome challenges as this pandemic continues.


Assuntos
Unidades de Queimados , Queimaduras/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Assistência à Saúde , Recursos em Saúde , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Mão de Obra em Saúde , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Internacionalidade , Itália/epidemiologia , Japão/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal/organização & administração , Singapura/epidemiologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios , Telemedicina/métodos , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
16.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 44(3): 1043-1046, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32399908

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: National and international aesthetic surgery society websites are an important source of information for patients and aesthetic surgeons. The current COVID-19 pandemic represents an unprecedented global health crisis. The aim of this study was to assess the information available on national and international aesthetic surgery society websites on the current pandemic of COVID-19. METHODS: National and international aesthetic surgery society websites were assessed with regard to COVID-19 information. RESULTS: Thirty-one per cent of nations had aesthetic surgery society websites. Twenty-two per cent of national society websites had a specific COVID-19 section. Seventeen per cent of these websites had COVID-19-specific guidelines available; of these websites with guidelines, 77% had a specific COVID-19 section advising to provide only urgent or emergent care and 46% provided their sovereign state's directives to provide only urgent or emergent care. Two international aesthetic surgery society websites had COVID-19-specific guidelines, and one of the two had significant educational resources. CONCLUSION: The availability of COVID-19 clinical guidelines and patient information sheets on national plastic surgery society websites is sparse. In contrast, one international society website carefully analysed national and international recommendations and guidelines and made general recommendations for its members with regularly updated resources. This study suggests that improvement and increase in COVID-19 information provided by many national aesthetic surgery society websites may be improved by links to the ISAPS website. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266.


Assuntos
Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/normas , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Disseminação de Informação , Internet/organização & administração , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Cirurgia Plástica/normas , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Masculino , Informática Médica/organização & administração , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Gestão da Segurança , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Cirurgia Plástica/métodos
18.
JMIR Public Health Surveill ; 6(2): e19447, 2020 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32412418

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the World Health Organization's pandemic declaration and government-initiated actions against coronavirus disease (COVID-19), sentiments surrounding COVID-19 have evolved rapidly. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine worldwide trends of four emotions-fear, anger, sadness, and joy-and the narratives underlying those emotions during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Over 20 million social media twitter posts made during the early phases of the COVID-19 outbreak from January 28 to April 9, 2020, were collected using "wuhan," "corona," "nCov," and "covid" as search keywords. RESULTS: Public emotions shifted strongly from fear to anger over the course of the pandemic, while sadness and joy also surfaced. Findings from word clouds suggest that fears around shortages of COVID-19 tests and medical supplies became increasingly widespread discussion points. Anger shifted from xenophobia at the beginning of the pandemic to discourse around the stay-at-home notices. Sadness was highlighted by the topics of losing friends and family members, while topics related to joy included words of gratitude and good health. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, global COVID-19 sentiments have shown rapid evolutions within just the span of a few weeks. Findings suggest that emotion-driven collective issues around shared public distress experiences of the COVID-19 pandemic are developing and include large-scale social isolation and the loss of human lives. The steady rise of societal concerns indicated by negative emotions needs to be monitored and controlled by complementing regular crisis communication with strategic public health communication that aims to balance public psychological wellbeing.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Internacionalidade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Mídias Sociais/tendências , Emoções , Humanos
19.
J Emerg Manag ; 18(3): 237-245, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32441040

RESUMO

The network of international urban search and rescue (USAR) teams, International Search and Rescue Advisory Group (INSARAG), has started its unique classification system called INSARAG External Classification (IEC) since 2005. In IEC, teams are classified into Heavy or Medium category, and as of the end of 2018, more than 50 teams have been classified. It seems that, through IEC, INSARAG successfully implements the standards such as the IN-SARAG Guidelines although the document is nonbinding. This article analyzes why IEC has got strong support from international USAR teams and what are the keys to successful implementation of standards in international emer-gency management. It concludes that it has been successful because, for example, INSARAG carefully gains a con-sensus from the member states when creating the standards, reiterates the minimum standards instead of the best practices, and sets the clear goal. The endorsement at the UN General Assembly Resolution also contributed to gaining support. Although there are some issues which need to be considered to maintain the system in the future, the lessons of the IEC model can be used for other fields of international disaster and emergency management.


Assuntos
Desastres , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/normas , Socorristas , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Reforma Urbana
20.
Resuscitation ; 151: 145-147, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32371027

RESUMO

Consensus on Science and Treatment recommendations aim to balance the benefits of early resuscitation with the potential for harm to care providers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Chest compressions and cardiopulmonary resuscitation have the potential to generate aerosols. During the current COVID-19 pandemic lay rescuers should consider compressions and public-access defibrillation. Lay rescuers who are willing, trained and able to do so, should consider providing rescue breaths to infants and children in addition to chest compressions. Healthcare professionals should use personal protective equipment for aerosol generating procedures during resuscitation and may consider defibrillation before donning personal protective equipment for aerosol generating procedures.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/normas , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Comitês Consultivos , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/tendências , Consenso , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estado Terminal/terapia , Desfibriladores/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Saúde Global , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Masculino , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Análise de Sobrevida
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