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1.
Nature ; 582(7812): 347-349, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32555481
2.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(5): 2378-2384, 2020 02 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31964846

RESUMO

The family unit and kinship structures form the basis of social relationships in indigenous societies. Families constitute a cultural group, a so-called clan, within which marriage is prohibited by the incest taboo. The clan attribution governs the mating preference and descent relationships by certain rules. Such rules form various kinship structures, including generalized exchange, an indirect exchange of brides among more than two clans, and restricted exchange, a direct exchange of brides with the flow of children to different clans. These structures are distributed in different areas and show different cultural consequences. However, it is still unknown how they emerge or what conditions determine different structures. Here, we build a model of communities consisting of lineages and family groups and introduce social cooperation among kin and mates and conflict over mating. Each lineage has parameters characterizing the trait and mate preference, which determines the possibility of marriage and the degree of cooperation and conflict among lineages. Lineages can cooperate with those having similar traits to their own or mates', whereas lineages with similar preferences compete for brides. In addition, we introduce community-level selection by eliminating communities with smaller fitness and follow the so-called hierarchical Moran process. We numerically demonstrate that lineages are clustered in the space of traits and preferences, resulting in the emergence of clans with the incest taboo. Generalized exchange emerges when cooperation is strongly needed, whereas restricted exchange emerges when the mating conflict is strict. This may explain the geographical distribution of kinship structures in indigenous societies.


Assuntos
Família , Casamento , Antropologia Cultural , Comportamento Competitivo , Comportamento Cooperativo , Família/etnologia , Características da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Incesto/etnologia , Masculino , Casamento/etnologia , Modelos Teóricos , Grupos Populacionais , Tabu
3.
J Child Sex Abus ; 28(7): 840-859, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31381495

RESUMO

Father-daughter incest (FDI) is one of the most prohibited sexual acts and is increasingly becoming a widespread problem in South Africa. Specifically, the study explored factors contributing to incest, how incidences of incest become known, different ways that incest affects the offender, the victim and the family as well as how professionals intervene in incest cases. The literature was reviewed to fully understand incest within the Western and African context, the relationship of father-daughter in the incest act, what influences the occurrence of father-daughter incest and what measures are taken to intervene in father-daughter incest cases. A qualitative approach was used in this study and focused on exploring the psychosocial effects of incest on the victims and the offender as well as the family's perspectives affected by such experiences. Systems theory, psychoanalytic and trauma theory formed the theoretical framework of this study.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Relações Pai-Filho/etnologia , Incesto/etnologia , Assistentes Sociais , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa , África do Sul/etnologia
4.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 55(8)2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412605

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: In pregnancies resulting from incest, the adolescent maintains close family and emotional relations with the aggressor, different from what occurs when pregnancy results from sexual violence by strangers. Evidence indicates that this type of relationship with the aggressor may interfere in the dynamics of such violence and the adolescent's access to health services. Materials and Methods: The objective of this research was to describe and correlate aspects associated with pregnancy when resulting from rape of adolescents in situations of incest; rape when perpetrated by an unknown aggressor and an abortion as allowed by law was sought. Method: A cross-sectional, epidemiological study of adolescents treated at the Pérola Byington Hospital, São Paulo, Brazil, bringing an allegation of pregnancy, resulting from sexual violence and a request for abortion as allowed by law. A total of 311 adolescents, being 134 in the "pregnancy from incest group", and 174 in the group "pregnancies resulting from rape by a stranger" were considered under the study variables; relationships were investigated using the chi-squared test and Poisson regression with robust variance. Results: The study included 137 cases (44.1%) of pregnancy resulting from incest, and 174 cases (55.9%) of pregnancy from rape by a stranger. In cases of incest, a declaration of religion (92.0%) was significantly more frequent, and the adolescents were approached in spaces considered safe or private (92.7%); the aggressor taking advantage of the adolescent's legal condition of vulnerability as a function of age (83.3%). Cases of incest presented a lower median adolescent age and greater gestational development, with gestations being ≥ 13 weeks prevailing. Conclusion: Cases of pregnancy by incest presented indicators suggesting both proximity and relationship with the aggressor, and pregnancy at a very early age, which postponed the adolescent's procurement of health service, and interfered negatively with abortion assistance as allowed by law.


Assuntos
Aborto Legal/estatística & dados numéricos , Incesto/psicologia , Gravidez na Adolescência/estatística & dados numéricos , Delitos Sexuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Gravidez
5.
Evol Psychol ; 17(2): 1474704919849924, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31130010

RESUMO

From an evolutionary perspective, incestuous behavior is puzzling. The goal of this study was to assess the tenability of the Westermarck hypothesis (1891, 1921)-that people who live in close physical proximity with one another during childhood will develop a sexual indifference or aversion toward one another-and the mediating role of disgust as an incest avoidance mechanism in father-daughter relationships. A sample of fathers with daughters ( N = 632) from Canada and the United States were recruited by Qualtrics-a survey platform and project management company-to complete an online survey. The results from this study did not support the viability of the Westermarck hypothesis as a mechanism that facilitates incest avoidance for fathers. Physical proximity was not associated with incest propensity or disgust toward incest. Less disgust toward incest, however, was found to be associated with more incest propensity. These results indicate that physical proximity may not be a reliable kinship cue used by fathers to inform incest avoidance, but that disgust toward incest may still be a proximate mechanism that facilitates incest avoidance among fathers using kinship cues other than physical proximity.


Assuntos
Asco , Pai/psicologia , Incesto/psicologia , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Núcleo Familiar
6.
J Child Sex Abus ; 28(4): 472-488, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30862269

RESUMO

Child sexual abuse is increasingly becoming an issue of concern in most societies across the globe, including Ghana. This is a phenomenological study that sought to describe the lived experiences of victims of child sexual abuse in Ghana, using the Ga community as a case study. Purposive and snowball sampling techniques were used to identify 17 sexually abused children in the Ga Community. Using the interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA), four main themes described the experiences of the victims: (a) forced sex (b) incest (c) joleying and (d) transactional sex. The findings illustrate the different circumstances in which children were sexually abused in the community studied. It also presents socio-cultural factors that normalizes the sexual abuse of children in the Ga Community. These findings underline the need for effective preventive programs and community interventions to protect children and support victims of child sexual abuse.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia , Incesto/psicologia , Adolescente , Criança , Abuso Sexual na Infância/etnologia , Feminino , Gana/etnologia , Humanos , Incesto/etnologia , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa
7.
Encephale ; 45(6): 527-529, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30301569

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sexual violence exists everywhere in the world. It depends mainly on the cultural and religious norms conveyed in the various societies. This is a neglected area of research. Available data are insufficient, especially in Arab-Muslim context. METHODS: In this paper, we comprehensively review the scientific literature in order to clarify the cultural, religious and legal aspects of the concept of sexual violence against women in Tunisia, and ask the question of the urgent need to put in place strategies to counter this problem. RESULTS: The National Office for Family and Population published in 2011 the results of the national survey on violence against women in Tunisia, including data on sexual violence and its impact on women's health and well-being. According to this survey, 14.2% of women reported having been sexually abused by an intimate partner during their lifetime and 9.0% reported having experienced it during the last 12 months. One out of every six Tunisian women has been the victim of a sexual violence in a conjugal setting. More men than women legitimized violence against women in contexts where family control, especially conjugal control, is exercised over them. In a study examining the impact of culture and religion on experiences and sexual practice of women in Tunisian society, the majority of respondents thought that sexuality in women was a religious duty and that they do not have the right to refuse their husbands or to rebel. Thus, women would be doubly sanctioned having neither the right to express their desire nor not to respond to their husband's desire. A survey of a representative sample of Tunisian women found that 56.9% of the participants reported being victims of domestic violence, particularly sexual violence (10.7%) consisting mainly of rape and sodomy, at least once in their lifetime. This survey showed that those victims expressed dissatisfaction with overall quality of life. Moreover, contrary to Western literature, sexual violence was the least reported form of violence by teenage girls in Tunisian schools. Indeed, cultural values of modesty, virginity and honor are socially much more demanded for girls, in Arab countries in general, reinforcing staggering silence and inaction around violence experienced by school-aged adolescents. In Tunisian society, the cultural "solution" to rape wants the woman to marry her rapist which safeguards her family's integrity by legitimizing the union. CONCLUSION: Sexual violence has detrimental effects on female victims' physical and mental health. Even if the information on this form of violence is not easy to obtain in our environment, and that rates of subjects reporting sexual violence in their lifetimes are not important, the problem of sexual violence must be considered as a public health problem requiring urgent interventions and a greater institutional will.


Assuntos
Mulheres Maltratadas/estatística & dados numéricos , Delitos Sexuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Mulheres Maltratadas/psicologia , Violência Doméstica/etnologia , Violência Doméstica/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Incesto/etnologia , Incesto/psicologia , Incesto/estatística & dados numéricos , Casamento/etnologia , Casamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Estupro/psicologia , Estupro/estatística & dados numéricos , Delitos Sexuais/etnologia , Delitos Sexuais/psicologia , Sexismo/estatística & dados numéricos , Normas Sociais/etnologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/etnologia , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/psicologia , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/estatística & dados numéricos , Revelação da Verdade , Tunísia/epidemiologia , Saúde da Mulher/etnologia , Saúde da Mulher/normas , Saúde da Mulher/estatística & dados numéricos , Direitos da Mulher/normas
8.
Child Abuse Negl ; 88: 225-234, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30537623

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a multi-dimensional problem. The search for best practice must consider the complexities surrounding CSA and its management in any particular society. OBJECTIVE: Data previously gathered from service providers on CSA service provision in Trinidad and Tobago identified key deficient issues in policy and practice. In this paper, researchers aimed to bridge the gaps identified, and effect changes to improve services for CSA using an action research methodology. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Service providers from all sectors in governmental and non-governmental organizations in Trinidad and Tobago, who work with children at risk of CSA were involved in the process. METHODS: Researchers led the service providers into an awareness of their own practice through critical discussion of, and reflection on, the key deficient issues. The new knowledge generated, with guided input from evidenced-based best practice, led to the development of guidelines for management. Discussion of the practicability of the guidelines by service providers in multiple sectors generated more new knowledge that refined the management approach. RESULTS: The contextual knowledge obtained from service providers resulted in best practice guidelines for service providers that were culturally relevant and context-sensitive, adaptive and implementable, and allowed a seamless multidisciplinary response to CSA in Trinidad and Tobago within prevailing constraints. CONCLUSIONS: Action research offers an effective approach to improve services for CSA through mobilization of service providers and changes in policy and practice. It is applicable in any setting and likely to be effective in any socio-cultural context.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância/prevenção & controle , Serviços de Proteção Infantil/normas , Criança , Abuso Sexual na Infância/etnologia , Abuso Sexual na Infância/legislação & jurisprudência , Feminino , Violência de Gênero/etnologia , Violência de Gênero/legislação & jurisprudência , Violência de Gênero/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Incesto/etnologia , Incesto/legislação & jurisprudência , Incesto/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Melhoria de Qualidade/normas , Sexualidade/etnologia , Trinidad e Tobago/etnologia
9.
Child Abuse Negl ; 88: 129-143, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30502578

RESUMO

In Cambodia, more than half of all children experience physical, emotional, or sexual abuse. This article examines how Cambodians view the causes and effects of child abuse and analyses its underlying cultural forces. Adopting a conceptual framework originally developed for the cultural context of violence against women, 110 cases of child abuse were ethnographically studied, comprising 61 cases of sexual abuse (50 girls and 11 boys), 26 cases of physical abuse (13 girls and 13 boys), and 23 cases of emotional abuse or neglect (13 girls and 10 boys). The perpetrators included fathers and other close relatives, lay Buddhist officiants and monks, and neighbors. Most informants viewed the sexual or physical abuse of children as stemming from "cultural attractors," including blighted endowment caused by deeds in a previous life, a bad character starting early in life, astrological vulnerability to abuse, preordained entanglement between the child and the abuser (they are "fated" to meet), sexual craving, "entering the road to ruin," and a moral blindness that portrays the abuser as blameless. Although these traits are similar to those identified in the explanations of violence against women, there were notable differences such as the role of the tiracchana in explaining sexual abuse, including incest. Using these findings, this article identifies a cultural epigenesis of child sexual abuse, and provides a blueprint for developing a culturally responsive plan to prevent child abuse.


Assuntos
Maus-Tratos Infantis/etnologia , Cultura , Adolescente , Antropologia Cultural , Budismo , Camboja , Criança , Maus-Tratos Infantis/ética , Abuso Sexual na Infância/etnologia , Pré-Escolar , Família , Feminino , Humanos , Incesto , Masculino , Monges , Transtornos Parafílicos/etnologia , Abuso Físico/etnologia
10.
Psychiatr Hung ; 33(3): 288-293, 2018.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30426937

RESUMO

No abstract available.


Assuntos
Incesto , Humanos
11.
Arch Sex Behav ; 47(8): 2241-2254, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30390192

RESUMO

Some men convicted of sexual offences against children express an exaggerated affiliation with childhood, ascribe child-like characteristics to themselves, experience strong non-sexual liking of children, and hold positive views of children and childhood. These features are generally called emotional congruence with children. The present study examined child-like self-concept, which is an association of self with children and child-like characteristics, attitude toward children, and general emotional congruence with children as correlates of sexual offending against children and pedophilia. Male participants (18 sexual offenders against unrelated children; 7 incest offenders; 22 non-sexual offenders; 54 students) completed newly developed implicit and explicit measures of child-like self-concept and attitude toward children, as well as more established self-report measures of emotional congruence with children. Assessments of pedophilic interest and sexual recidivism risk were obtained from official file information. Sexual offenders against unrelated children reported higher levels of implicit child-like self-concept and self-reported emotional congruence with children when compared to the other three groups. Implicit child-like self-concept showed a small correlation with emotional congruence measures, whereas implicit attitude toward children was moderately correlated with the emotional congruence measures. Implicit child-like self-concept, implicit attitude toward children, and the emotional congruence measures were associated with greater pedophilic interest and sexual recidivism risk. The present findings provide a nuanced understanding of the emotional congruence with children construct and have implications for theory, research, and treatment of sexual offenders against children.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia , Criminosos/psicologia , Pedofilia/psicologia , Autoimagem , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Adulto , Criança , Emoções , Humanos , Incesto/psicologia , Masculino
12.
Rev Saude Publica ; 52: 86, 2018 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30462752

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Analyze the prevalence of intrafamilial and extrafamilial sexual assault in adolescents of Peru and its association with alcohol consumption. METHODS: We used a two-step and stratified probabilistic sampling to select male and female students in secondary education from all over Peru. The study included data from 54,756 students with information on demographics, alcohol and drug use, and sexual assault. The statistical analysis considered the complex sampling and we conducted two independent analyses by type of sexual assault (intrafamilial and extrafamilial), stratified by the sex of the victim. RESULTS: The prevalence of life of intrafamilial sexual assaults (5.4%, 95%CI 5.0-5.8) was similar to that of extrafamilial sexual assaults (6.1%, 95%CI 5.6-6.6). Alcohol consumption in the past year was associated with intrafamilial and extrafamilial sexual assaults that occurred in the same period after adjusting for confounders. Alcohol consumption in the past year was associated with non-physical and physical forms of intrafamilial and extrafamilial sexual assaults in the disaggregated analysis by type of assault. Alcohol consumption in the past year was associated with extrafamilial rape only among females (ORa = 2.8; 95%CI 1.3-5.9). CONCLUSIONS: Sexual assault against adolescent males and females by family members is a frequent form of victimization that is associated with alcohol consumption in Peru. It is important to examine this form of victimization among adolescents, especially those who consume alcohol.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Vítimas de Crime/estatística & dados numéricos , Delitos Sexuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Criança , Abuso Sexual na Infância/estatística & dados numéricos , Agentes Comunitários de Saúde , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Relações Familiares , Feminino , Humanos , Incesto , Masculino , Peru/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estupro/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudantes , Populações Vulneráveis
13.
J Med Case Rep ; 12(1): 231, 2018 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30144821

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The sensitiveness and stigma associated with sexual assault deter many victims from speaking about their experiences. This silence of victims worsens the problem, especially in patriarchal communities like Ethiopia where sex is taboo and girls are encouraged to remain behind curtains. CASE PRESENTATION: This is the personal testimony of a 25-year-old Amhara woman, a student at an Ethiopian public university, and it is presented in her own words. The data were collected during an in-depth interview on 19 April 2015. The interview was conducted in a private environment and her name was concealed to protect her anonymity. A digital voice recorder was used to audio-tape the interview which was later transcribed and translated verbatim from the local language, Amharic, to English. CONCLUSIONS: The trouble and pain our participant experienced is beyond description. Four themes emerged from her narrative: Incest assault, repeated assault, feelings of guilt and shame, and orphanhood. Incest is both more common and more severe in stepparent families but reported cases are only the very tip of the iceberg and thus may greatly under-represent actual population rates. Therefore, more effort is required to hold the perpetrators accountable and restore the life of the victims.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia , Crianças Órfãs/psicologia , Incesto/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Estupro/psicologia , Estigma Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Etiópia , Características da Família , Feminino , Culpa , Humanos , Recidiva , Vergonha , Tabu/psicologia
14.
J Child Sex Abus ; 26(7): 785-805, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28873043

RESUMO

In recent times, strengths-based recovery approaches that focus on the present and build strategies that look toward the future have become popular. However, some cases require the consideration of experiences from previous stages of the clients' development. This single-case study explores the psychotherapeutic process of a middle-aged woman who presented with a history of child sexual abuse (incest) and a long-term adult diagnosis of depression that was treated in public health services. This psychotherapy involved an integrative approach to solution-focused therapy; specifically, the approach proposed by Yvonne Dolan to work with adult survivors of sexual abuse, in conjunction with techniques and strategies from the transtheoretical model. Measures incorporating therapeutic working alliance and outcomes were administered over sessions. Results showed positive outcomes from this therapeutic intervention, which remained at 3-month and 12-month follow-ups. Implications for practitioners' specialist practice in health services are discussed, given the complexity of comorbid mental health conditions with a history of child sexual abuse.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes Adultos de Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Transtorno Depressivo/terapia , Incesto/psicologia , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicoterapia/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Child Sex Abus ; 26(7): 874-888, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28767001

RESUMO

While sibling sexual abuse may be the most common form of sexual violence within the family, relatively few studies have been conducted on this topic. The current study addresses this gap in the literature through analyses of thematic categories in narratives gathered from an online survey of sibling sexual violence. Survivors were asked to report why they believed their siblings had become sexually abusive toward them. Participants believed that their abusers had learned to be abusive due to their own victimization or exposure to pornography, were abusive to establish dominance over them, or had some undisclosed mental illness. While the study does not claim to test these explanations or include abusers' own narratives, it offers insight as to how sibling sexual violence survivors make sense of their experiences and assign blame to abusers and their families. It also offers insights into future inquiries about sibling sexual abuse.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes Adultos de Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Incesto/psicologia , Irmãos/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Child Abuse Negl ; 72: 196-205, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28823787

RESUMO

The current study assessed parents' ability to identify normal, concerning and harmful sexualized behaviors in children and adolescents, as well as the parents' ability to identify and select an appropriate level of intervention. The influence of a parent's relationship with the victim or the perpetrator on the level of action taken was also examined. A cross-sectional survey incorporating a randomized experimental vignette condition determined that parents (N=244) were not able to consistently identify sexualized behaviors accurately, and they provided lower-than-recommended levels of intervention responses. Parents were best able to identify and respond to behaviors considered normal and age-appropriate, but had greater difficulty with behaviors considered concerning or harmful. Parents were significantly less able to accurately identify and respond to behaviors exhibited by very young children (in the 0-4 year-old age-bracket). In three vignette comparisons, no significant difference in the level of intervention responses was found between parents who viewed the victim as their own child and parents who viewed the perpetrator as their child; while parents who viewed both the victim and perpetrator as being their children (siblings) reported lower intervention response levels. Because a lack of accurate knowledge around risks and indicators of child sexual abuse negatively affects the ability to prevent and detect abuse, the results have implications for a shift from a forensic model of child protection towards a public health model, which emphasizes parent and community education.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância/diagnóstico , Compreensão , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Abuso Sexual na Infância/prevenção & controle , Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Educação não Profissionalizante , Feminino , Humanos , Incesto/prevenção & controle , Incesto/psicologia , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Queensland , Delitos Sexuais/prevenção & controle , Delitos Sexuais/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
17.
J Child Sex Abus ; 26(2): 121-139, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28350264

RESUMO

In Ghana, incest is considered sinful, taboo, and illegal. However, recent media reports show that incest has become a daily reality in Ghana. This study is a situational analysis of the pattern of incest in Ghana as reported in the media from January 2008 through July 2015. Qualitative content analysis was conducted on 48 incest news reports in Ghana. The findings showed that father-daughter incest was most frequent across the study period. Forty-seven females aged 3 to 25 years and a male aged 3 years were identified as victims. Generally, the incest lasted between 1 day and 13 years before disclosure. Perpetrators employed psychological and/or physical methods to coerce their victims. Marital difficulties, diabolical control, and seduction by victim featured prominently as alleged motives behind the abuse. The study observes that the recent increase in father-daughter incest warrants an immediate shift of research attention onto men's mental health in Ghana.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia , Pai/psicologia , Incesto/psicologia , Homens/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Coerção , Feminino , Gana , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Trauma Dissociation ; 18(3): 409-426, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28300493

RESUMO

Sexual abuse perpetrated by a parent particularly the mother creates turmoil in the child who has to depend on the very person who betrays their trust. A review of the literature confirms that there are only a few case studies of mother-child incest reported in the psychoanalytic literature; the incidence of such incest, however, is unknown. Considerably, more information is available in the forensic and child abuse literatures along with an increase in research; yet, there is a paucity of data. Child sexual abuse by women as highly prevalent is described in early societies, and that there is a bias in peoples' minds about the capacity of females to sexually abuse children is raised by many writers. The fact of being abused by one's mother brings up specific issues for survivors of maternal incest. Shame and the fear of not being believed, which was the experience of my female patient and a sense of specialness and failure of recognition of incest by the males, created particular difficulties which had to be dealt with in psychotherapy. This paper describes three teenagers, one female and two males who were sexually abused by their mothers. I have condensed several years of treatment to provide an account of the female patient and a summary of each of the males, and I attempt to explore the dynamics of relatedness in the abused and the abuser.


Assuntos
Transtornos Dissociativos/psicologia , Transtornos Dissociativos/terapia , Incesto/psicologia , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Medo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Vergonha , Confiança
19.
J Trauma Dissociation ; 18(3): 284-303, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28318447

RESUMO

This paper examines Kluft's construct of "weaponized sex" through the prism of long-term clinical and research involvement with individuals subjected to ongoing sexual abuse during adulthood, a group that by definition has been exposed to more sexual abuse and for longer than any other defined victim population. Examples of the same sort of phenomena described by Kluft are repeatedly observed in therapy with members of this population, but usually not in a dramatic form. As might be anticipated, in order to survive, when an individual is closely attached to a long-term and extreme abuser, the sort of enduring ambivalence carried by the victim towards their primary abuser is manifested in compartmentalized states that wish their abuser dead, while other states in equally compartmentalized ways maintain the attachment via the use of sex-by continuing to be sexually involved with their primary abuser (usually their father), by fantasizing about sex with their abuser, by being sexually involved with those who co-abused with their father, or by staging reenactments with individuals whose sexual behavior re-evokes the abuse by the absent (or deceased) father. The process of healing means that inevitably some manifestations of the responses to such abuse spill over into therapy.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Sobreviventes Adultos de Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Transtornos Dissociativos/psicologia , Transtornos Dissociativos/terapia , Incesto/psicologia , Adulto , Relações Familiares , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Relações Pais-Filho
20.
J Child Sex Abus ; 26(1): 58-77, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28212063

RESUMO

Trauma from female incestuous child sexual abuse may result in negative psychological consequences affecting adult relationships. This study explored relational consequences of incestuous child sexual abuse, focusing on conflict resolution styles, relationship satisfaction, and relationship stability. Using the RELATionship Evaluation dataset, 457 heterosexual couples in which female partners experienced incestuous child sexual abuse were compared to a group of 1,827 couples with no sexual abuse history. Analyses tested differences in the frequencies of reported conflict resolution styles for incestuous child sexual abuse and non-incestuous child sexual abuse groups, the mediating effects of conflict resolution styles on the relationship between incestuous child sexual abuse, and self- and partner-reported relationship satisfaction and stability. Significant differences in the reports of types of conflict resolution styles were found for incestuous child sexual abuse versus non-incestuous child sexual abuse groups. Incestuous child sexual abuse and conflict resolution styles were negatively related to relationship satisfaction and stability and there was a significant indirect effect between female incestuous child sexual abuse, female volatility, and relationship instability. Clinical applications for couple relationships are discussed.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes Adultos de Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Características da Família , Incesto/psicologia , Relações Interpessoais , Negociação/psicologia , Satisfação Pessoal , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
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