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3.
J Anesth Hist ; 6(2): 35-37, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32593374

RESUMO

In 1812, Frances (Fanny) Burney (born in 1752 and died in 1840) underwent a mastectomy performed by Larry without anaesthesia. In the days after surgery, Burney wrote a letter to her sister, Esther Burney, describing her experience. In total, the letter is four pages long including information on before, during and after the surgery. Although this letter has been cited in numerous texts, it has yet to be analysed from multiple perspectives, shedding new light on the history of anaesthesia.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/história , Historiografia , Mastectomia/história , Relações Médico-Paciente , Anestesia/história , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Correspondência como Assunto/história , Pessoas Famosas , Feminino , História do Século XVIII , História do Século XIX , Humanos , Literatura Moderna/história , Reino Unido
6.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(3): 327-333, 2019.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570665

RESUMO

No abstract available.


Assuntos
Literatura Moderna , Leitura , Humanos
8.
Cuad Bioet ; 30(100): 237-252, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618587

RESUMO

In 2003 Ruth Macklin published a short paper questioning the usefulness of the concept ″human dignity. ″ Since then the debate has been kept alive, although in the world of Law, ethics and clinical practice, this concept continues to be used normally. In the spotlight of that criticism was the bioethics of Leon Kass, built on the concept of dignity and sustained in a narrative methodology. In homage to Leon Kass, in this work I approach the concept of dignity from a literary perspective and focusing on nursing health care, in which the usefulness of the concept of human dignity is especially visible.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/ética , Literatura Moderna , Medicina na Literatura , Cuidados de Enfermagem/ética , Direitos do Paciente/ética , Narrativas Pessoais como Assunto , Pessoalidade , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Fadiga por Compaixão/psicologia , Dissidências e Disputas , Empatia , Humanos , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Pobreza , Direito a Morrer/ética
9.
Med Hist ; 63(4): 454-474, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571696

RESUMO

This paper analyses the shifting images of Chinese medicine and rural doctors in the narratives of literature and film from 1949 to 2009 in order to explore the persisting tensions within rural medicine and health issues in China. Popular anxiety about health services and the government's concern that it be seen to be meeting the medical needs of China's most vulnerable citizens - its rural dwellers - has led to the production of a continuous body of literary and film works discussing these issues, such as Medical Practice Incident, Spring Comes to the Withered Tree, Chunmiao, and Barefoot Doctor Wan Quanhe. The article moves chronologically from the early years of the Chinese Communist Party's new rural health strategies through to the twenty-first century - over these decades, both health politics and arts policy underwent dramatic transformations. It argues that despite the huge political investment on the part of the Chinese Communist Party government in promoting the virtues of Chinese medicine and barefoot doctors, film and literature narratives reveal that this rustic nationalistic vision was a problematic ideological message. The article shows that two main tensions persisted prior to and during the Cultural Revolution, the economic reform era of the 1980s, and the medical marketisation era that began in the late 1990s. First, the tension between Chinese and Western medicine and, second, the tension between formally trained medical practitioners and paraprofessional practitioners like barefoot doctors. Each carried shifting ideological valences during the decades explored, and these shifts complicated their portrayal and shaped their specific styles in the creative works discussed. These reflected the main dilemmas around the solutions to rural medicine and health care, namely the integration of Chinese and Western medicines and blurring of boundaries between the work of medical paraprofessionals and professionals.


Assuntos
Literatura Moderna/história , Medicina na Literatura/história , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/história , Filmes Cinematográficos/história , Serviços de Saúde Rural/história , China , Agentes Comunitários de Saúde/história , Agentes Comunitários de Saúde/tendências , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Médicos/história , Serviços de Saúde Rural/tendências , Ocidente/história
10.
Med Hist ; 63(4): 494-511, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571698

RESUMO

This article considers the social function of contagious disease as moderator of class relationships in England during the first half of the eighteenth century and takes into account the ways in which the 'communicability' of the plague, great pox (syphilis) and smallpox (variola) was used by authors to crystallise social interaction and tension along class lines. The essay begins by examining the representation of the plague, syphilis and smallpox in the medical tradition, before shifting its attention to the practice of maritime quarantine, as laid out by Richard Mead in his Short Discourse Concerning Pestilential Contagion (1720). By foregrounding medical writing on contagion through skin contact, I suggest that pornographic texts such as John Cleland's The Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure (Fanny Hill) (1748) had an interventionist function. Cleland is often charged with sanitising the true horrors of sex work in this period. This article proposes that if we take the time to appreciate the way infectious cutaneous diseases were believed to operate and spread we can recognise the moments in which he not only alludes to disease but invokes it for structural and thematic purposes. In proposing this, I am challenging the dominant interpretation that the problematic realities of eighteenth-century prostitution, especially disease, are subordinated to the narrative's greater interest in erotic pleasure.


Assuntos
Literatura Moderna/história , Medicina na Literatura/história , Peste/história , Quarentena/história , Trabalho Sexual/história , Varíola/história , Sífilis/história , Distinções e Prêmios , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa/história , Historiografia , História do Século XVII , História do Século XVIII , Humanos , Londres , Peste/transmissão , Navios/história , Varíola/transmissão , Sífilis/transmissão , Livros de Texto como Assunto/história
12.
Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos ; 26(3): 863-877, 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531580

RESUMO

Studies to identify possible relations between artistic creation and psychopathology (starting in nineteenth-century Europe) have influenced Brazilian thought on this topic. The objective of this article, from the perspective of the history of health sciences, is to analyze viewpoints throughout the twentieth century which considered the neurological and psychiatric diseases of Machado de Assis as fundamental to the development and content of his literary work. A theoretical and methodological reading based on Bakhtin found that many authors considered Machado de Assis's epilepsy to be the main reason behind his creativity, which allowed a review of the appropriation of different psychiatric theories in Brazil, as well as various theoretical concepts.


Assuntos
Epilepsia/história , Pessoas Famosas , Literatura Moderna/história , Psiquiatria/história , Brasil , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Masculino , Teoria Psicológica
13.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(Suppl 3): 632-637, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488805

RESUMO

Gender differences in the prevalence, experiences and presentations of mental illnesses are well-known and are reflected in research findings, clinical practice, society and popular culture. This paper will compare and contrast the role that gender and other factors play in the portrayals of depressive illness in two acclaimed texts, 'The Bell Jar' by Sylvia Plath and, 'Darkness Visible' by William Styron.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Literatura Moderna , Cultura Popular , Sexismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais
16.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(2): 80-83, 2019.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416999

RESUMO

The roots of confessionalism reach back to the early Middle Ages and to the Confessions of Rousseau. Confessional literature gained a theoretical foundation in the age of Romanticism, then in the 20th century the genre underwent a revival and late modernisation in the works of the "confessional poets" (Lowell, Sexton, Plath etc.). The literary studies and psychobiographical examination of these authors threw light on the psychiatric aspects of confessionalism; most of them suffered from psychiatric or addictive disorders and committed suicide. Confessional poetry takes repetition of the (fragmented) psychological process of the individual life history as its almost sole theme. The poet builds up, demolishes, then again builds up his or her own life history, blurring the boundaries of reality and fiction. Interrupted personality development and the failure to work through traumatic experiences can be observed in the psychological background, to which Vladimir Nabokov also referred in his personal notes. In this collection of Psychiatria Hungarica about Sylvia Plath, titled The Broken-necked Deer the studies in three parts under the headings oeuvre, life history, illness are imbued with considerations of literary psychology and literary psychiatry that expand and enrich both literary studies and the psychiatric field of vision.


Assuntos
Pessoas Famosas , Literatura Moderna/história , Transtornos Mentais/história , Feminino , História do Século XX , Humanos , Suicídio/história
17.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(2): 113-127, 2019.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417002

RESUMO

Due to her childhood spent on the Atlantic coast, the element of sea had a major influence on both Sylvia Plath's artistic carreer and personality. In the present paper we intend to offer a literature psychological analysis of the water metaphor in the oeuvre, focused on the following themes; The vital water; The fearful water; The passionate water and The healing water. Our aim through the analysis of her poetry and novels is to explore the role of this dual symbol in the life of the poet with a well-known polarized personality. Why water has become adequate to express her ambivalences? Finally, how did the relationship with the water element affect the personal life and illness of the author, and what impact of these can be unveiled in the oeuvre?


Assuntos
Pessoas Famosas , Literatura Moderna/história , Metáfora , Água , Feminino , História do Século XX , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/história , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Personalidade
18.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(2): 131-140, 2019.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417003

RESUMO

AIM: The purpose of this present paper is to demonstrate the biographical antecedents and the adverse childhood experiences, which might have possibly contributed to those ambivalent feelings which can be observed in Sylvia Plath's confessional art in relation to her parents. METHOD: Biographical-, document- and artistic analyzes. The analyzed artistic pieces are the following: Johnny Panic and the Bible of Dreams, The Bell Jar, Collected poems (from The Colossus and Ariel books) and the Journals by Sylvia Plath. The reconstruction of the biography was conducted based on international textbooks. RESULTS: Sylvia Plath at the age of 30, on the 12th of October, 1962 wrote her famous poem, Daddy, which starts with these lines: "You do not do, you do not do /Any more, black shoe/In which I have lived like a foot For thirty years, poor and white,/Barely daring to breathe or Achoo. Daddy, I have had to kill you./You died before I had time/Marble-heavy, a bag full of God/Ghastly statue with one gray toe/Big as a Frisco seal/And a head in the freakish Atlantic /Where it pours bean green over blue/In the waters off beautiful Nauset./I used to pray to recover you. /Ach, du Dreck." A couple of months later, on the 11th of February 1963. Sylvia Plath committed suicide. Her journal entries and her works all testified that the emotional relationship with her parents significantly contributed to her genuine art and at the same time to the onset of her psychiatric illness. According to her journals, Sylvia Plath reported hate and ambivalent feelings several times to her psychiatrists. It is very likely, that the illness and death of Otto Plath and the emotional crises afterwards might have been that primary experience that might have exercised an adverse effect on Sylvia's life, and what have been composed very vividly in the poem called Daddy. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the analyzes of the biography, the journals and the poems, it can be stated, that the adverse childhood experiences, Sylvia had to experience during her father's illness, after his death, and during the restructuring of the family system are vital in the understanding of Sylvia Plath's art and her psychopathology.


Assuntos
Ira , Pessoas Famosas , Literatura Moderna/história , Transtornos Mentais/história , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Feminino , História do Século XX , Humanos , Poesia como Assunto/história , Psicopatologia , Suicídio/história
19.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(2): 185-198, 2019.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417007

RESUMO

Sylvia Plath was one of the most famous American poets in the twentieth century. Plath was diagnosed with depression after her first suicide attempt when she was 20 years old. Her major depression (without psychotic symptoms) recurred several times. Plath never had a manic episode, but there were probable hypomanic periods in her life. She died by violent suicide when she was 30. Sylvia Plath took a bottle of sleeping pills and stuck her head in a gas oven. Several factors may have contributed to Plath's psychiatric disorder and suicide. The author reviews the etiological factors and course of psychiatric disorder based on the Unabridged Journals of Sylvia Plath and the literature. Her family history was positive and her premorbid personality was vulnerable to depression. There were histrionic, narcissistic and borderline features in her personality. The probable diagnoses of Plath were bipolar II. affective disorder and mixed personality disorder.


Assuntos
Transtorno Bipolar/história , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/história , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/psicologia , Pessoas Famosas , Transtornos do Humor/história , Transtornos da Personalidade/história , Feminino , História do Século XX , Humanos , Literatura Moderna/história , Personalidade , Suicídio/história
20.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(2): 214-236, 2019.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417009

RESUMO

To clarify the relationship between literature and psychiatry we can call on the help of the American-English writer Sylvia Plath, who was given electroconvulsive therapy and psychotherapy on a number of occasions for psychiatric illness and later took her own life. This study seeks an answer to five questions. Did Sylvia Plath suffer from psychiatric illness? Did she show signs of the bipolar triad (bipolar affective disorder, trait aggression, substance or behavioural dependence)? Did her activity as a writer have a therapeutic effect? What was the nature of her "confessionalism"? To what extent does her oeuvre reflect her life? Sylvia Plath very probably suffered from a psychiatric illness, namely bipolar 2 affective disorder. The unsuitable treatment of her illness and the interruption of intensive psychotherapy could have contributed to her early death. Together with the bipolar affective disorder, she was also characterised by serious dispositional aggression and emotional dependence. For her, writing was both a source of stress, because her dysthymia intensified her inhibitions, and at the same time self-healing and a self-fulfilling prophecy. The roots of her confessionalism can be found in her personality development suspended in the stage of becoming an adult, and the failure to work through her traumas. Unlike Goethe and Salinger who killed their heroes, having them commit suicide in The Sorrows of Young Werther and A Perfect Day for Bananafish, while both writers recovered from their crisis, Sylvia Plath described a positive development in The Bell Jar and in Ariel, her verse cycle, then put her head in the gas oven. Would she have stayed alive if she had followed the patterns of Goethe and Salinger?


Assuntos
Ira , Pessoas Famosas , Imaginação , Literatura Moderna/história , Suicídio/história , Suicídio/psicologia , Transtorno Bipolar/psicologia , Transtorno Bipolar/terapia , Feminino , História do Século XX , Humanos , Psicoterapia , Redação/história
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