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2.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0228008, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004324

RESUMO

Scientific research results are traditionally published as articles in peer-reviewed conference proceedings or journals. These articles often use technical jargon, which precludes the general public from consuming the results achieved. New ways to communicate scientific results are thus necessary to transfer scientific insights to non-experts, and this work proposes the concept of interactive guidelines to fill this gap. A web tool, called Interactive Guidelines Tool, was developed as a proof-of-concept for the idea. It was used in the context of the GEO-C project to communicate research outputs in smart cities scenarios to the public. A comparative analysis between the Interactive Guidelines Tool and related tools helps to highlight the progress it enables beyond the current state of the art. Interactive Guidelines Tool is available as an open-source tool and can be customised/extended by any interested researcher, in the process of making scientific knowledge and insights more accessible and understandable to a broader public.


Assuntos
Compreensão , Guias como Assunto , Jornalismo , Revisão da Pesquisa por Pares , Humanos
3.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0222250, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914124

RESUMO

In many countries the public's main source of information about science and technology is the mass media. Unfortunately, in recent years traditional journalism has experienced a collapse, and science journalism has been a major casualty. One potential remedy is to encourage scientists to write for news media about science. On these general news platforms, scientists' stories would have to compete for attention with other news stories on hard (e.g. politics) and entertaining (e.g. celebrity news) topics written by professional writers. Do they stand a chance? This study aimed to quantitatively characterize audience interactions as an indicator of interest in science news stories authored by early career scientists (henceforth 'scientists') trained to function as science reporters, as compared to news items written by reporters and published in the same news outlets. To measure users' behavior, we collected data on the number of clicks, likes, comments and average time spent on page. The sample was composed of 150 science items written by 50 scientists trained to contribute popular science stories in the Davidson Institute of Science Education reporters' program and published on two major Israeli news websites-Mako and Ynet between July 2015 to January 2018. Each science item was paired with another item written by the website's organic reporter, and published on the same channel as the science story (e.g., tourism, health) and the same close time. Overall significant differences were not found in the public's engagement with the different items. Although, on one website there was a significant difference on two out of four engagement types, the second website did not have any difference, e.g., people did not click, like or comment more on items written by organic reporters than on the stories written by scientists. This creates an optimistic starting point for filling the science news void by scientists as science reporters.


Assuntos
Jornalismo/tendências , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/tendências , Ciência/tendências , Humanos , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto
4.
Bull Hist Med ; 93(4): 550-576, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31885016

RESUMO

This essay examines the career of feminist journalist Barbara Seaman and her contribution to the circulation of health feminist ideas in the 1970s. Seaman, author of the influential exposé The Doctors' Case Against the Pill (1969), became a noted critic of women's health care and of gynecologists in particular. In her next book, Free and Female (1972), and in newspaper articles, interviews, and television appearances, she implored women to "liberate" themselves from their gynecologists and empower themselves in the arena of health care. Seaman's media engagement contributed to the development of a "popular health feminism" that took the ideas of the women's health movement public for mainstream audiences to consume and engage with.


Assuntos
Feminismo , Jornalismo , Ativismo Político , Saúde da Mulher/história , Saúde da Mulher/normas , Feminino , História do Século XX , Humanos , Médicos/normas
5.
Eur J Histochem ; 63(4)2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31868322

RESUMO

Histochemical techniques are widely applied in biomedical research and, during the last twenty years, they were among the methods used in more than 590,000 scientific articles in indexed journals. However, a very small percentage of these papers were published in strictly histochemical journals. A possible strategy to widen the audience of the histochemical journals making them attractive to non-histochemist authors might be to publish and make open-access available the proceedings of the meetings and conferences of valued scientific societies whose fellows use microscopy and histochemistry in their experimental activity. In the last years' experience of the European Journal of Histochemistry, this approach was effective to increase the number of published articles on stem cells and development, connective tissue and nerve cell biology.


Assuntos
Histocitoquímica , Jornalismo/organização & administração , Sociedades Científicas , Animais , Congressos como Assunto , Células do Tecido Conjuntivo/citologia , Neurônios/citologia , Células-Tronco/citologia
7.
Schmerz ; 33(5): 466-470, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478143

RESUMO

Since the adoption of the law of March 6, 2017, any German physician can prescribe medical cannabis flowers and cannabis-based magistral and finished medicinal products. No specific indications for prescriptions are provided in the law. The statutory health insurance companies bear the costs once an application for cost coverage has been approved by the Medical Service of the Health Funds. The German associations of psychiatry (child, adolescents, and adults), neurology, palliative care, addictology, and pain medicine are watching these developments in the media, politics, and medical world with concern due to: the option to prescribe cannabis flowers despite the lack of sound evidence and against the recommendations of the German Medical Association; the lack of distinction between medical cannabis flowers and cannabis-based magistral and finished medical products; the indiscriminately positive reports on the efficacy of cannabis-based medicines for chronic pain and mental disorders; the attempts by the cannabis industry to influence physicians; the increase in potential indications by leaders of medical opinion paid by manufacturers of cannabis-based medicines. The medical associations make the following appeal to journalists: To report on the medical benefits and risks of cannabis-based medicines in a balanced manner. To physicians: to prescribe cannabis-based medicines with caution; to prefer magistral and finished medicinal products over cannabis flowers. To politicians: to consider data according to the standards of evidence-based medicine when making decisions and provide financial support for medical research into cannabis-based medicines.


Assuntos
Cannabis , Dor Crônica , Seguro Saúde , Jornalismo , Maconha Medicinal , Política , Padrões de Prática Médica , Dor Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Alemanha , Humanos , Seguro Saúde/ética , Seguro Saúde/normas , Maconha Medicinal/uso terapêutico , Médicos/ética , Médicos/normas , Padrões de Prática Médica/ética , Padrões de Prática Médica/normas
8.
PLoS One ; 14(8): e0220446, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369596

RESUMO

Commercially motivated junk news-i.e. money-driven, highly shareable clickbait with low journalistic production standards-constitutes a vast and largely unexplored news media ecosystem. Using publicly available Facebook data, we compared the reach of junk news on Facebook pages in the Netherlands to the reach of Dutch mainstream news on Facebook. During the period 2013-2017 the total number of user interactions with junk news significantly exceeded that with mainstream news. Over 5 Million of the 10 Million Dutch Facebook users have interacted with a junk news post at least once. Junk news Facebook pages also had a significantly stronger increase in the number of user interactions over time than mainstream news. Since the beginning of 2016 the average number of user interactions per junk news post has consistently exceeded the average number of user interactions per mainstream news post.


Assuntos
Meios de Comunicação de Massa/estatística & dados numéricos , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Comércio/métodos , Comércio/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Jornalismo/estatística & dados numéricos , Países Baixos
11.
J Ment Health ; 28(5): 520-526, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31037996

RESUMO

Background: Evidence suggests that mainstream media coverage of mental illness tends to focus on factors such as crime and violence. Thus, mental health advocates have argued that alternative portrayals are necessary to reduce stigma. Aim: The aim of this paper is to compare the tone and content of mainstream TV coverage of mental illness with educational videos produced by citizen journalists with mental illness. Methods: We trained three groups of people with mental illness in citizen journalism and participatory video. These groups then produced a series of educational videos about mental illness (n = 26). Simultaneously, we systematically collected TV clips about mental illness from a major Canadian TV station (n = 26). We then compared the tone and content of citizen journalism videos vs. TV clips using content analysis techniques. Results: The citizen journalist videos tended to be more positive and hopeful. For example, over 60% of the citizen journalism videos focused on recovery, compared to 27% of the TV clips. Conversely, over 40% of the TV clips focused on crime, violence or legal issues, in comparison to only 23% of the citizen journalism videos. Conclusion: Citizen journalism by people with mental illness has the potential to educate the public and reduce stigma.


Assuntos
Jornalismo , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Estigma Social , Humanos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Gravação de Videoteipe
12.
Crisis ; 40(6): 446-450, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30935243

RESUMO

Objective: There is limited knowledge about the effects of a workshop intervention on responsible reporting on suicide (RRS) by media professionals. The study aimed to test how a workshop can shape reporting-relevant attitudes and beliefs among media professionals. Method: A pre-postintervention survey of Swiss media professionals (N = 26, 55.7% male, Mage = 38.1, SDage = 12.8, all Swiss nationals) was conducted. All participants received the same intervention and survey questions. The analytical focus was on within-person changes caused by the workshop intervention. Results: Among media professionals, the workshop intervention increased perceived knowledge sufficiency about RRS, raised awareness that RRS can save lives, decreased insecurities related to RRS, and reduced the misperception that there are no clear recommendations about RRS. Limitations: Despite the missing randomization of workshop participants, the repeated measures design allows to speak to the short-term changes in RRS. Conclusion: An RRS workshop intervention has multifaceted positive effects on media professionals. The study found no evidence for unintended effects of the intervention.


Assuntos
Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Responsabilidade Social , Suicídio , Adulto , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Educação , Humanos , Jornalismo/ética , Masculino , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/ética , Suicídio/prevenção & controle , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(suppl 1): 221-227, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30942366

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop a journal club on management topics in Nursing. METHOD: Action research, adopting content analysis as methodological reference and the journal club strategy. 12 nursing managers of a public hospital in the state of São Paulo participated from August to November 2016. RESULTS: data showed the participation of nurses in the journal club in five meetings planned collectively with the following topics: "aspects regarding organization", with the subtopics "planning", "work process", "structure" and "people management"; and the topic "aspects regarding the team", with the subtopics "autonomy", "behavior/attitude", "awareness" and "social problems". CONCLUSION: The study showed the comprehensiveness of topics the journal club can address regarding management, and how scientific basis is important in the daily life of nursing managers to improve quality of care and the ability to manage.


Assuntos
Jornalismo/tendências , Cuidados de Enfermagem/tendências , Processo de Enfermagem/tendências , Participação Social/psicologia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Brasil , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Pesquisa em Enfermagem/métodos , Pesquisa em Enfermagem/normas , Pesquisa em Enfermagem/tendências , Pesquisa Qualitativa
14.
Disasters ; 43(3): 591-611, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30990926

RESUMO

Natural and human-caused disasters pose a significant risk to the health and well-being of people. Journalists and news organisations can fulfil multiple roles related to disasters, ranging from providing warnings, assessing disaster mitigation and preparedness, and reporting on what occurs, to aiding long-term recovery and fostering disaster resilience. This paper considers these possible functions of disaster journalism and draws on semi-structured interviews with 24 journalists in the United States to understand better their approach to the discipline. A thematic analysis was employed, which resulted in the identification of five main themes and accompanying subthemes: (i) examining disaster mitigation and preparedness; (ii) facilitating recovery; (iii) self-care and care of journalists; (iv) continued spread of social media; and (v) disaster journalism ethics. The paper concludes that disaster journalism done poorly can result in harm, but done well, it can be an essential instrument with respect to public disaster planning, management, response, and recovery.


Assuntos
Planejamento em Desastres/organização & administração , Desastres , Jornalismo , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estados Unidos
16.
Rev Esp Quimioter ; 32(2): 165-177, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30880377

RESUMO

This paper seeks to explore the reasons for the low impact of nosocomial infection in the mainstream media and the responsibilities of physicians and journalists in terms of this situation. To this end, a small group of 13 experts met for round-table discussions, including physicians with expertise in nosocomial infection, medical lawsuits and ethics, as well as journalists from major mainstream Spanish media outlets. The various participants were asked a series of questions prior to the meeting, which were answered in writing by one of the speakers and discussed during the meeting by the whole group, the aim being to obtain consensual conclusions for each of them. The document was subsequently reviewed, edited and forwarded to all co-authors for their agreement. The opinions expressed are the personal opinions of the participants and not necessarily those of the institutions in which they work or with which they collaborate.


Assuntos
Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Atitude , Infecção Hospitalar/economia , Humanos , Jornalismo , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Espanha/epidemiologia
18.
Recenti Prog Med ; 110(1): 11-17, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30720012

RESUMO

The New York Times recently celebrated the 40th anniversary of its historic "Science section" with a special issue. An opportunity to reflect on the state of the art of scientific journalism. After having seen the inserts dedicated to science flourish in the '70s and '80s, in recent times the major Italian weekly and several newspapers have decided - with rare exceptions - to eliminate them. Most health inserts remain. How can we explain the reason for this trend? Science continues to permeate our culture, from cinema, to books, to advertising, to television. And there are numerous masters and university courses in Italy that prepare young graduates for science communication. Yet, paradoxically, in the newsrooms the presence of scientific journalists has been gradually reduced to nothing, and quite often those who write about science are "generalist" journalists. Fault of the crisis that publishers live and of the entry into the mass information circuit of internet? Certainly the interaction between the protagonists of scientific information (public, journalists, researchers) has become more and more complex and problematic. Since the '80s the boundary between academic institutions and business has gradually faded, coinciding with the birth of the so-called entrepreneurial science. Scientific research becomes instrumental to the pursuit of personal and commercial goals, and the conflict of interests more pervasive: because the dividing line between science and business is increasingly blurred. The anxiety to communicate on the part of scientists, to make public what research is discovering, is pressing and an integral part of their "work". There are scientists whose career is integrated with the media system. Stories of unbridled competition (just think of the war between France/USA to grab the royalties of the blood test for AIDS) and stories of fraud (in the last ten years the number of articles retracted by scientific journals has increased tenfold compared to the previous ten years and fraud covers 60 percent of these retractions) have come to have a corrosive effect on the untouchable image of science. Making good scientific journalism, which takes into account the context in which research is moving today, requires awareness (going deep into the issues to be addressed) and ethical rigor. This applies to all modes of expression, from print media to online communication. And should be a must not only for "science writers", but for all those who produce information.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Pesquisa/organização & administração , Humanos , Internet , Itália , Jornalismo , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Redação
20.
Med Confl Surviv ; 35(1): 12-42, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30760024

RESUMO

Attacks on healthcare in conflict (AHCC) is receiving increased attention as a pressing global concern from humanitarian organisations, the media, policymakers, academics, and the public. This study examines the extent to which this increased attention leads to mainstream reporting and understanding of AHCC that is representative of reality by investigating the ways that information and knowledge about the issue is produced. Based on a rapid review of documentation on AHCC since 2011, this is one of the first studies to assess the rigour, validity, and representativeness of mainstream data on AHCC. Findings indicate that information and knowledge about AHCC is molded by a particular representation of the issue created by international media and humanitarian organisations seeking to capture public and political attention. This dominant understanding is not representative of the complex reality of AHCC, but is instead driven by organisational objectives and advocacy agendas. These findings hold important implications for the above-mentioned stakeholders by exploring the complexity and impacts of documenting AHCC. Most notably, the research investigates the relationship between information and understanding about the issue and the action that it encourages.


Assuntos
Conflitos Armados , Assistência à Saúde , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Socorro em Desastres , Documentação , Humanos , Agências Internacionais , Entrevistas como Assunto , Jornalismo , Objetivos Organizacionais , Propaganda , Instituições Filantrópicas de Saúde
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