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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(28): e21240, 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664179

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Chest computed tomography (CT) scans play a key role in diagnosing and managing of COVID-19 pneumonia. The typical manifestations of COVID-19 pneumonia on a chest CT scan are ground glass opacities, consolidation, nodules, and linear opacities. It can be accompanied by a "crazy-paving" pattern, air bronchograms, pleural hypertrophy, and pleural effusion. However, no literature has reported a case with cavities in the lungs. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 34-year-old male patient complained of fever, cough, fatigue, myalgia, diarrhea, headache, and dizziness for 2 weeks. This patient is living in Xiaogan, a city around Wuhan, and he had contact with a patient with COVID-19 pneumonia from Wuhan <14 days before he had fever. DIAGNOSIS: A nucleic acid test by rRT-PCR returned positive on a pharyngeal swab, confirming the diagnosis of COVID-19 pneumonia. INTERVENTIONS: Isolation antiviral treatment. OUTCOMES: After 19 days of isolation and antiviral treatment, his temperature returned to normal and the symptoms were relieved. The laboratory results also were returning to normal levels. The chest CT scan showed that the acute inflammation had subsided significantly. With 2 consecutive novel coronavirus nucleic acid tests had returned negative, the patient was discharged from the hospital and sent to a government designated hotel for quarantine observation. The unique chest CT manifestation in this case was the small cavities in both lungs during the absorption phase of this disease. These small cavities developed into consolidated nodules with clear edges and gradually shrank or disappeared. LESSONS: Although 2 consecutive nucleic acid tests returned negative in this patient, the small cavity changes in the lungs were observed, so the patient was quarantined for 14 days. However, follow-up CT after the first 14 days' quarantine showed new small cavity changes on the lungs, a further 14 days of quarantine was recommended. Therefore, in some COVID-19 cases, even if the nucleic acid tests turns negative, the disappearance of lung lesions may take a long time. The repeated chest CT scan plays an important role in the diagnosis and evaluation of the recovery of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia Torácica/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adulto , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/cirurgia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/cirurgia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Quarentena/métodos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Avaliação de Sintomas/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 343-351, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666060

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This randomized, split-mouth clinical study evaluated the marginal quality of direct class-I and class-II restorations made of microhybrid composite that were applied using two polymerization protocols and two marginal evaluation criteria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 patients (mean age: 33 years) received 100 direct class-I or class-II restorations in premolars or molars. Three calibrated operators made the restorations. After conditioning the tooth with 2-step etch-and-rinse adhesive, restorations were made incrementally using microhybrid composite. Each layer was polymerized using a polymerization device operated either in regular mode (600-650 mW/cm2 for 20 s) (RM) or high-power (1200-1300 mW/cm2 for 10 s) mode (HPM). Two independent, calibrated operators evaluated the restorations 1 week (baseline) and 6 months after restoration placement, and thereafter annually up to 10 years using modified USPHS and SQUACE criteria. Data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U-test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Alpha scores (USPHS) for marginal adaptation (76% and 74% for RM and HPM, respectively) and marginal discoloration (70% and 72%, for RM and HPM, respectively) did not show significant differences between the two polymerization protocols (p > 0.05). Alpha scores (SQUACE) for marginal adaptation (78% and 74% for RM and HPM, respectively) and marginal discoloration (70% for both RM and HPM) were also not significantly different at the 10-year year follow-up (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Regular and high-power polymerization protocols had no influence on the stability of marginal quality of the microhybrid composite tested up to 10 years. Both modified USPHS and SQUACE criteria confirmed that regardless of the polymerization mode, marginal quality of the restorations deteriorated significantly compared to baseline (p < 0.05).


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Adulto , Dente Pré-Molar , Seguimentos , Humanos , Polimerização , Estados Unidos , United States Public Health Service
4.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(700): 1342-1347, 2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32672011

RESUMO

Arthritis is the main cause of knee pain among adults over 50 years old. Prosthetic surgery is the ultimate treatment, however percutaneous interventional pain management is a good alternative treatment for patients who are not eligible for an operation or for those who experiment persistent pain after surgery. Intra-articular corticosteroids or hyaluronic acid injections have a mild effect which is limited in time. Nerve ablation treatment using radiofrequency or cryotherapy may have longer lasting analgesic effects superior than 6 months. Finally, regenerative medicine, meaning platelet-rich plasma or mesenchymal stem cells, seems a very promising treatment by improving pain and mobility for a longer period.


Assuntos
Articulação do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Manejo da Dor , Adulto , Humanos , Injeções Intra-Articulares , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Euro Surveill ; 25(26)2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643601

RESUMO

A remarkable excess mortality has coincided with the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe. We present preliminary pooled estimates of all-cause mortality for 24 European countries/federal states participating in the European monitoring of excess mortality for public health action (EuroMOMO) network, for the period March-April 2020. Excess mortality particularly affected ≥ 65 year olds (91% of all excess deaths), but also 45-64 (8%) and 15-44 year olds (1%). No excess mortality was observed in 0-14 year olds.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte/tendências , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Coronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Influenza Humana/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Surtos de Doenças , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Influenza Humana/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade/tendências , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Vigilância da População , Dados Preliminares , Adulto Jovem
8.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 95: 225-239, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32653184

RESUMO

Benzene homologues are important chemical precursors to the formation of ground-level ozone and secondary organic aerosol (SOA) in the atmosphere, in addition, some toxic species are harmful to human health. Strict countermeasures have been taken to fight air pollution since 2013, and total amount control of volatile organic compounds is being promoted in China at present. Therefore, it is important to understand the pollution situation and the control status of ambient benzene homologues in China. This paper reviews research progress from published papers on pollution characteristics, atmospheric photochemical reactivity, health risk assessment and source identification of ambient benzene homologues in recent years in China, and also summarizes policies and countermeasures for the control of ambient benzene homologues and the relevant achievements. The total ambient levels of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes (BTEX) shows a declining tendency from 2001 to 2016 in China. The mass concentrations of BTEX are generally higher in southern regions than in northern regions, and they present vertical decreasing variation characteristics with increasing altitude within the height range of about 5500 m. Toluene has the highest ozone formation potential and SOA formation potential both in urban areas and background areas, while benzene poses an obvious carcinogenic risk to the exposed adult populations in urban areas. Source identification of ambient benzene homologues suggested that local governments should adopt differentiated control strategies for ambient benzene homologues. Several recommendations are put forward for future research and policy-making on the control of ambient benzene homologues in China.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Benzeno , Adulto , Derivados de Benzeno/análise , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Medição de Risco , Tolueno/análise , Xilenos
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32645962

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus disease, COVID-19, is a highly contagious infectious disease declared by the World Health Organization to be a pandemic and a global public health emergency. During outbreaks, health care workers are submitted to an enormous emotional burden as they must balance the fundamental "duty to treat" with their parallel duties to family and loved ones. The aims of our study were to evaluate disease perceptions, levels of stress, emotional distress, and coping strategies among medical staff (COVID-19 versus non-COVID-19 departments) in a tertiary pulmonology teaching hospital in the first month after the outbreak of COVID-19. One hundred and fifteen health care workers completed four validated questionnaires (the brief illness perception questionnaire, perceived stress scale, the profile of emotional distress emotional, and the cognitive coping evaluation questionnaire) that were afterwards interpreted by one psychologist. There was a high level of stress and psychological distress among health care workers in the first month after the pandemic outbreak. Interestingly, there were no differences between persons that worked in COVID-19 departments versus those working in non-COVID-19 departments. Disease perceptions and coping mechanisms were similar in the two groups. As coping mechanisms, refocusing on planning and positive reappraisal were used more than in the general population. There is no difference in disease perceptions, levels of stress, emotional distress, and coping strategies in medical staff handling COVID-19 patients versus those staff who were not handling COVID-19 patients in the first month after the pandemic outbreak.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Angústia Psicológica , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Corpo Clínico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Romênia/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32646034

RESUMO

Korea's Daegu Metropolitan City once had the second highest rate of COVID-19 infection after Wuhan in China. Following the outbreak, the government provided the first national disaster relief fund to citizens as financial aid. This study investigated whether the sense of regional belonging, pride, and mental health among 550 citizens of Daegu differed between the times before and after COVID-19, based on the presence or absence of the disaster relief fund. Frequency analysis, descriptive statistical analysis, and t-tests were conducted using the SPSS 25.0 program. Results showed that the sense of belonging was higher after COVID-19 than before, while pride was lower. Individuals who received the disaster relief fund showed higher levels of regional belonging and pride with statistical significance. The prevalence of melancholy and depression increased after COVID-19, but the presence or absence of the fund did not lead to a significant difference. Thus, in case of a future national disaster level, provision of the disaster relief fund can raise the sense of regional belonging and pride, in order to elicit communication among local residents toward overcoming difficulties. Furthermore, during challenging disaster situations, central and local governments should provide diverse programs for the citizens' mental health care.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Desastres/economia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Fatores Sociológicos , Adulto , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Cidades , Infecções por Coronavirus/economia , Emoções , Feminino , Administração Financeira , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/economia , Pneumonia Viral/economia , República da Coreia , Adulto Jovem
11.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 489, 2020 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32646373

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This paper introduces a comprehensive case management model uniting doctors, nurses, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in order to shorten the time from HIV diagnosis to initiation of antiviral therapy, improve patients' adherence, and ameliorate antiretroviral treatment (ART)-related outcomes. METHODS: All newly diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) cases at Beijing YouAn Hospital from January 2012 to December 2013 were selected as the control group, while all newly diagnosed HIV-infected patients from January 2015 to December 2016 were selected as the intervention group, receiving the comprehensive case management model. RESULTS: 4906 patients were enrolled, of which 1549 were in the control group and 3357 in the intervention group. The median time from confirming HIV infection to ART initiation in the intervention group was 35 (18-133) days, much shorter than the control group (56 (26-253) days, P < 0.001). Participants in the intervention group had better ART adherence compared to those in the control group (intervention: 95.3%; control: 89.2%; p < 0.001). During the 2 years' follow-up, those receiving case management were at decreased odds of experiencing virological failure (OR: 0.27, 95%CI: 0.17-0.42, P < 0.001). Observed mortality was 0.4 deaths per 100 patient-years of follow-up for patients in the control group compared with 0.2 deaths per 100 patient-years of follow-up in the intervention group. CONCLUSIONS: People living with HIV engaged in the comprehensive case management model were more likely to initiate ART sooner and maintained better treatment compliance and improved clinical outcomes compared to those who received routine care. A comprehensive case management program could be implemented in hospitals across China in order to reduce the HIV disease burden in the country.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/epidemiologia , Antirretrovirais/uso terapêutico , Administração de Caso , HIV-1/imunologia , Tempo para o Tratamento , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/mortalidade , Adulto , Pequim/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Adesão à Medicação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Retenção nos Cuidados , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Sci Immunol ; 5(49)2020 07 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32651212

RESUMO

Although most SARS-CoV-2-infected individuals experience mild coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), some patients suffer from severe COVID-19, which is accompanied by acute respiratory distress syndrome and systemic inflammation. To identify factors driving severe progression of COVID-19, we performed single-cell RNA-seq using peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained from healthy donors, patients with mild or severe COVID-19, and patients with severe influenza. Patients with COVID-19 exhibited hyper-inflammatory signatures across all types of cells among PBMCs, particularly up-regulation of the TNF/IL-1ß-driven inflammatory response as compared to severe influenza. In classical monocytes from patients with severe COVID-19, type I IFN response co-existed with the TNF/IL-1ß-driven inflammation, and this was not seen in patients with milder COVID-19. Interestingly, we documented type I IFN-driven inflammatory features in patients with severe influenza as well. Based on this, we propose that the type I IFN response plays a pivotal role in exacerbating inflammation in severe COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Imunofenotipagem , Vírus da Influenza A/imunologia , Influenza Humana/imunologia , Interferon Tipo I/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Células Cultivadas , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Inflamação/imunologia , Influenza Humana/sangue , Influenza Humana/virologia , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , RNA-Seq , Análise de Célula Única , Transcriptoma , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664828

RESUMO

Notified cases of COVID-19 and associated deaths reported to the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) to 5 July 2020. Cumulative confirmed cases in Australia notified up to 5 July 2020: notifications = 8,566, deaths = 106. Over the past fortnightly reporting period (22 June to 5 July), 897 cases were notified, with 4 deaths. The national incidence of COVID-19 remained low, with very few cases reported by most jurisdictions in this reporting period. The majority of the current cases reported over this fortnight are from Victoria, with an increasing number and proportion of cases reported as being locally acquired. Total case numbers have increased with an average of 54 cases reported on any one day, more than twice the average number reported in the previous reporting period. The number and proportion of deaths associated with COVID-19 remains low and it appears that vulnerable populations have not been disproportionately affected by COVID-19 overall. Testing rates continue to be high across all jurisdictions, with the nationwide positivity rate remaining very low at less than 0.3%. In this reporting period, the number of cases reported nationally has increased from 214 (8 June to 21 June) to 897 (22 June to 5 July). Of the cases notified in this reporting period, 87% (781 cases) were notified from Victoria and 89% of these cases were acquired locally. Of the remaining 116 cases reported from other jurisdictions only 6% were locally acquired. The increase in Victoria is attributable to multiple epidemiologically linked outbreaks across a range of settings and locations. A small proportion of cases have experienced severe disease, requiring hospitalisation or intensive care, with some fatalities. The crude case fatality rate amongst Australian cases is 1.2%. People who are older and have one or more comorbidities are more likely to experience severe disease.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Austrália/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Prevalência , Viagem , Vitória/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667391

RESUMO

There are few data on the impact of COVID-19 in pregnancy, however, analyzing these data is important to guide the clinical practice, covering the early prevention, detection, patients' isolation, epidemiological investigation, diagnosis and early treatment. This is a report of three cases of COVID-19 confirmed by real-time reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of nasopharyngeal secretions collected in swabs from pregnant women in the city of Vitoria, Espirito Santo State, Brazil. In the three cases, all the patients presented with fever, one had shortness of breath, one had diarrhea, two of them reported abdominal pain and two of them had cough. The three patients progressed with a severe clinical evolution of COVID-19. The permanence in the intensive care unit (ICU) was more than 10 days. Two of them recovered and one remained in the ICU with irreversible refractory shock, multiple organ failure and died. The mode of delivery was individualized and based on the obstetric indication and severity of the maternal infection, and the cesarean section was indicated in the two severe maternal COVID-19 cases that evolved favorably. These newborns were premature and tested negative for COVID-19 by RT-PCR.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/virologia , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Brasil , Cesárea , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Gravidez
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32668635

RESUMO

Impulsive consumption is a typical behavior that people often present during public health emergencies, which usually leads to negative outcomes. This study investigates how public health emergencies, such as COVID-19, affect people's impulsive consumption behavior. Data from 1548 individuals in China during the COVID-19 outbreak was collected. The sample covered 297 prefecture-level cities in 31 provincial administrative regions. The research method included the use of a structural equation model to test multiple research hypotheses. The study finds that the severity of a pandemic positively affects people's impulsive consumption. Specifically, the more severe the pandemic, the more likely people are to make impulsive consumption choices. The results indicate that both perceived control and materialism play mediating roles between the severity of a pandemic and impulsive consumption. As conclusions, people's impulsive consumption during public health emergencies can be weakened either by enhancing their perceived control or by reducing their materialistic tendency. These conclusions are valuable and useful for a government's crisis response and disaster risk management.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Comportamento Impulsivo , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Pesquisa Empírica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32668769

RESUMO

The present research was carried out in Spain during the COVID-19 pandemic following emergency school closures in an attempt to avoid the spread of infection. As a result, university students undertaking the final year of education degrees (teaching placements) have been obliged to deliver their teaching from home, adapting their teaching contexts to learning in virtual settings. A novel instrument was designed and validated in order to analyze the impact of learning environments and psychological factors in university students during a period of teaching placements. This took place in an adaptive context (state of confinement). Associations were determined between learning environments and psychological factors in adaptive contexts, in relation to the group to which they belonged (whether undertaking a degree in primary education, physical education and sport, early education or social education), and sex. The present study used a Delphi method, alongside a descriptive and quantitative analysis. The data demonstrate that learning environments differ according to the degree studied. The four analyzed groups revealed significant differences in relation to learning environments and psychological factors in adaptive confinement contexts. The subjects of Primary and Social Education were seen to be related with a greater possibility of being overwhelmed and reporting difficulties. Those more used to physical exercise showed more positive psychological indices. Females reported more negative responses. The conclusion reached is that the results of the present research will enable future additional multi-dimensional analysis to be conducted.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Educação a Distância , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Universidades , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Técnica Delfos , Pesquisa Empírica , Feminino , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Masculino , Pandemias , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
17.
Intern Med ; 59(14): 1773-1775, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32669517

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2, has spread worldwide from China. There are no case reports from Asia of COVID-19 with facial paralysis and olfactory disturbance. We herein report a case of COVID-19 pneumonia in a Japanese woman who showed facial nerve palsy and olfactory disturbance.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Paralisia Facial/virologia , Transtornos do Olfato/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Nervo Facial/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Pandemias
20.
N C Med J ; 81(4): 228-235, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Research on intimate partner homicide (IPH), when someone is killed by a current or former intimate partner, in North Carolina is limited, making it difficult to understand the magnitude of IPHs and identify strategies for prevention.METHOD We used North Carolina Violent Death Reporting System (NC-VDRS) data to assess IPHs among North Carolina residents between 2011 and 2015. Homicides were considered IPHs if intimate partner violence was identified and the victim was the suspect's current or former intimate partner. Proportions and rates of demographic characteristics and circumstances were assessed.RESULTS Of the 2,299 homicides that occurred between 2011 and 2015, 350 were IPHs (0.9 per 100,000 person-years). Most (72.3%) IPH victims were female (n = 253). Among all female homicides almost half (48.2%) were IPHs, while only 5.4% of all male homicides were IPHs. The highest rate of IPH occurred among women aged 20-44 (2.1 per 100,000 person-years). Most victims were non-Hispanic (NH) white (54.0%, n = 189), although rates for NH American Indians and NH blacks were 1.8 and 2.0 times those among NH whites respectively. Most victims, 86.6% male and 82.6% female, were the suspect's current partner. Firearms were the most common weapon used (62.6%, n = 219).LIMITATIONS NC-VDRS data are not representative of all IPHs in the United States. Circumstance data were sometimes incomplete and categories of circumstance variables restrictive, limiting available information on IPHs.CONCLUSION Future interventions focused on women aged 20-44, NH American Indian and NH Black communities, and firearm access could be effective in preventing IPHs in North Carolina.


Assuntos
Homicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , North Carolina/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
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