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1.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 83(6): 566-570, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32502119

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a novel infectious coronavirus disease, has become a worldwide pandemic. Infection control precautions for hospital visitors are needed to avoid cluster outbreaks, so this study investigated the visiting policies of all the hospitals in Taiwan in the time of COVID-19. METHODS: From March 15, 2020, to March 18, 2020, we searched the official websites of all 472 National Health Insurance-contracted hospitals to determine their visiting policies. For those hospitals that had posted new visiting policies and still allowed visits to ordinary wards, we recorded the relevant details shown on their websites, including the number of visitors allowed at one time, the number of visiting slots per day, the total visiting hours per day, and the rules provided to visitors before visiting. RESULTS: During the study period, 276 (58.5%) hospitals had posted new visiting policies on their websites, with higher proportions of academic medical centers (92.0%, 23/25) and metropolitan hospitals (91.5%, 75/82) than local community hospitals (48.8%, 178/365) doing so. Visits to ordinary wards were forbidden in 83 hospitals among those. Among the 193 hospitals that had new visiting policies and still allowed visits to ordinary wards, 73.1% (n = 141) restricted visitors to two at a time and 54.9% (n = 106) restricted visits to two visiting slots per day. Furthermore, history taking regarding travel, occupation, contacts, and cluster information was mentioned by 82.4% (n = 159) of these 193 hospitals, body temperature monitoring by 78.2% (n = 151), hand hygiene by 63.2% (n = 122), and identity checks by 51.8% (n = 100). CONCLUSION: In the time of COVID-19 covered by this study, about three-fifths of the hospitals in Taiwan had posted their visiting policies for ordinary wards on their websites. Furthermore, the thoroughness with which such visiting policies have been enforced also requires investigation.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Hospitais/normas , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Visitas a Pacientes , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Taiwan
5.
Br J Nurs ; 29(8): 491, 2020 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32324468

RESUMO

Sam Foster, Chief Nurse, Oxford University Hospitals, considers the balance of the benefits of enabling visiting with infection prevention and control practice during this pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Medicina Estatal , Visitas a Pacientes , Inglaterra/epidemiologia , Humanos , Controle de Infecções , Medição de Risco
6.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(7): 104881, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32334918

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a pandemic respiratory disease with serious public health risk and has taken the world off-guard with its rapid spread. As the COVID-19 pandemic intensifies, overwhelming the healthcare system and the medical community, current practice for the management of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) will require modification, and guidelines should be relaxed while maintaining high standard quality of care. The aim of these suggestions is to avoid contributing to the rapid spread of COVID-19 as well as to conserve what are likely to be very limited resources (including personnel, intensive care/hospital beds as well as physicians) while maintaining high quality care for patients with AIS. We present our recommendations for the management of acute stroke during the COVID-19 pandemics.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Doença Aguda , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/reabilitação , Hemorragia Cerebral/etiologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/economia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Gerenciamento Clínico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Hospitalização , Humanos , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Profissional para o Paciente/prevenção & controle , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/provisão & distribução , Máscaras , Programas de Rastreamento , Monitorização Fisiológica , Pandemias/economia , Alta do Paciente , Transferência de Pacientes , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/economia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Relações Profissional-Família , Alocação de Recursos , Visitas a Pacientes
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32326274

RESUMO

During an epidemic, almost all healthcare facilities restrict the visiting of patients to prevent disease transmission. For hospices with terminally ill patients, the trade-off between compassion and infection control becomes a difficult decision. This study aimed to survey the changes in visiting policy for all 76 hospice wards in Taiwan during the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020. The altered visiting policies were assessed by the number of visitors per patient allowed at one time, the daily number of visiting slots, the number of hours open daily, and requisites for hospice ward entry. The differences in visiting policies between hospice wards and ordinary wards were also investigated. Data were collected by reviewing the official website of each hospital and were supplemented by phone calls in cases where no information was posted on the website. One quarter (n = 20) of hospice wards had different visiting policies to those of ordinary wards in the same hospital. Only one hospice ward operated an open policy, and in contrast, nine (11.8%) stopped visits entirely. Among the 67 hospice wards that allowed visiting, at most, two visitors at one time per patient were allowed in 46 (68.6%), one visiting time daily was allowed in 32 (47.8%), one hour of visiting per day was allowed in 29 (43.3%), and checking of identity and travel history was carried out in 12 wards (17.9%). During the COVID-19 pandemic, nearly all hospice wards in Taiwan changed their visiting policies, but the degree of restriction varied. Further studies could measure the impacts of visiting policy changes on patients and healthcare professionals.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Hospitais para Doentes Terminais/organização & administração , Política Organizacional , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Quartos de Pacientes/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Visitas a Pacientes , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Hospitais para Doentes Terminais/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Controle de Infecções , Masculino , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Taiwan
8.
Obstet Gynecol ; 135(5): 999-1002, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32213786

RESUMO

As the world confronts coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), an illness caused by yet another emerging pathogen (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 [SARS-CoV-2]), obstetric care providers are asking what this means for pregnant women. The global spread has been swift, and many key questions remain. The case-fatality rate for persons cared for in the United States and whether asymptomatic persons transmit the virus are examples of questions that need to be answered to inform public health control measures. There are also unanswered questions specific to pregnant women, such as whether pregnant women are more severely affected and whether intrauterine transmission occurs. Although guidelines for pregnant women from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have been rapidly developed based on the best available evidence, additional information is critically needed to inform key decisions, such as whether pregnant health care workers should receive special consideration, whether to temporarily separate infected mothers and their newborns, and whether it is safe for infected women to breastfeed. Some current recommendations are well supported, based largely on what we know from seasonal influenza: patients should avoid contact with ill persons, avoid touching their face, cover coughs and sneezes, wash hands frequently, disinfect contaminated surfaces, and stay home when sick. Prenatal clinics should ensure all pregnant women and their visitors are screened for fever and respiratory symptoms, and symptomatic women should be isolated from well women and required to wear a mask. As the situation with COVID-19 rapidly unfolds, it is critical that obstetricians keep up to date.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus , Aleitamento Materno , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Tosse/etiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Febre/etiologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/virologia , Resultado da Gravidez , Visitas a Pacientes
9.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 77(11): 782-791, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826134

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease without a cure, but multidisciplinary treatment can maintain the quality of life (QOL) of persons with ALS (PALS). Despite health professionals possibly being affected by ALS in their care roles, little is known about the impact of ALS care on these professionals. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of interactions between PALS and Nursing/Psychology students. METHODS: Over 12 weeks, 16 student pairs performed weekly 60-minute home visits to 16 PALS. Instruments used for analyses were the McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire for the PALS; and the Draw-a-Person test and the Desiderative Questionnaire for the students. All instruments were applied twice: at the beginning (pre-first visit) and at the end of the study (post-12 visits). RESULTS: After 12 weeks, there was not a significant change in total QOL or its five domains (existential wellbeing, physical wellbeing, psychological wellbeing, physical symptoms, and support). Existential wellbeing/support domains contributed most to the QOL of the PALS (pre-first visit and post-12 visits). Students showed anxiety/impulsivity but preserved adequacy to reality, logical thinking and global perception with regard to the PALS. We found that students were psychologically fragile in some subgroups/moments. CONCLUSIONS: Students' visits to PALS may contribute to the maintenance of the QOL of the patients. Additionally, visits, with psychological support for the students, seem safe and could contribute to the students' psychological maturation as health professionals. Additional psychological support may be necessary for some students in fragile subgroups/moments.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/psicologia , Psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Visitas a Pacientes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
10.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(suppl 3): 243-250, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851260

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to identify and to analyze the support systems used by family members for the adaptation process to the child's hospitalization in the intensive care unit. METHOD: qualitative research, conducted in a hospital located in the Southern Brazil. Data were collected between June and July 2017, through semi-structured interviews with family members of hospitalized children. The adaptation model and thematic analysis were used for data processing. RESULTS: four themes emerged: family and friends as a support system; the family members of other hospitalized children as a support system; spirituality as a support system; health team as a support system. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: identifying the support systems used in the process of family adaptation and their manifestations of interdependence was possible. The need of the nurses to intensify the listening to strengthen the support system of the family members of the children hospitalized in the unit studied.


Assuntos
Família/psicologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Apoio Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica/organização & administração , Masculino , Relações Profissional-Família , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Visitas a Pacientes/psicologia , Visitas a Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 867, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Open visiting refers to the principle of unrestricted visiting hours in the hospital setting to enable relatives, families and carers to visit at any time. There has been recognition that open visiting supports the principle of patient and family supported care and improves communication. Despite this there has been difficulty in implementing open visiting and barriers identified. The aims of this study were therefore to evaluate the implementation of open visiting, the barriers to implementation, sustainability and the impact of open visiting on communication between health care professionals, families and carers. METHODS: The study was conducted on two large acute wards for the older person. Realist evaluation methods were used to understand 'what works well, how, for whom and to what extent.' Mixed methods were employed including qualitative interviews and descriptive analyses of routine data sets. Following the methodology of realist evaluation, programme theories were identified a long with the context, mechanisms and outcomes of implementation, to better understand the implementation process. RESULTS: The results of this study identified some key findings, demonstrating that open visiting does improve communication and can help to build trusting relationships between families/carers and health care professionals (HCP). Barriers to implementation were based on the belief that it would impinge on routines within the ward setting. To achieve the principles of patient and family/carer centred care, the key mechanisms are the confidence and skills of individual nurses and health care assistants to engage with relatives/carers, whilst retaining a sense of control, particularly when care is being delivered to other patients. CONCLUSION: In summary, open visiting creates a positive culture which fosters better relationships between families/carers and HCPs. Involving families/carers as partners in care does not happen automatically in an environment where open visiting is the policy, but requires engagement with staff to encourage and support relatives/carers.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos , Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração , Visitas a Pacientes , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cuidadores/psicologia , Comunicação , Família/psicologia , Feminino , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Recursos Humanos em Hospital/psicologia , Relações Profissional-Família
12.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(6): 1684-1691, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644761

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to understand the process that leads adult and family patients to support family presence in emergency care. METHOD: a qualitative study that adopted Symbolic Interactionism as a theoretical reference and the Grounded Theory as a methodological framework. The theoretical sample consisted of 15 relatives and 15 patients assisted at two emergency units in the South of Brazil. Data were analyzed using open, axial and selective coding. RESULTS: the central category "Convergence of ideas: family members and patients supporting family presence in emergency care" is supported by the categories: "Affectionate relationship among family members"; "Tacit obligation to care for the sick relative"; "Benefits for the family"; "Benefits for the patient"; and "Benefits for the health team". CONCLUSION: family presence in emergency care provides maintenance and strengthening of affectionate bonds among relatives and the experience of more sensitive and qualified care.


Assuntos
Família/psicologia , Pacientes/psicologia , Visitas a Pacientes/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/normas , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Teoria Fundamentada , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Visitas a Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
Gac Med Mex ; 155(Suppl 1): S35-S38, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638605

RESUMO

Introduction: Empathy is the ability of an individual to understand it from another cognitive and emotional point of view. Empathy is a complex that represents a retouch in its evaluation, so, it is necessary to have instruments validated in the Mexican population. Objective: Validation of the Comic Strip Test to evaluate empathy. Method: Sampling for convenience, based on internal consistency, convergent validity with the Empathy coefficient, construct validity in the factorial analysis, and the ability to discriminate between subjects with lack of empathy (psychopathology) and the control subjects through a curve ROC. Results: The comic strips test was evaluated in 86 controls, 19 patients with schizophrenia (Cronbach's alpha = 0.894). The correlation with the empathy coefficient was 0.88, with sensitivity of 81.3% and specificity of 38%. Conclusions: The Comic Strip Test was validated with parametric psychometric parameters.


Assuntos
Empatia , Testes Psicológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria , Curva ROC , Reabilitação/educação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Psicologia do Esquizofrênico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Visitas a Pacientes/psicologia
14.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 40: e20180299, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389477

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the population's knowledge of the terms "sepsis" and "acute myocardial infarction" (AMI). METHOD: Cross-sectional quantitative study. Data was collected through the application of a questionnaire to two groups of participants, as follows: individuals who visit parks in Porto Alegre, State of Rio Grande do Sul and companions of patients of a university hospital in Porto Alegre. Analysis of the results was performed by descriptive and inferential statistics. RESULTSThe sample consisted of 1,986 respondents: 1,455 parkgoers and 531 companions of patients admitted to the hospital. Regarding the knowledge of sepsis, only 19.1% of the respondents had already heard about the subject. However, compared to knowledge about AMI, it was found that 98.7% knew the term. CONCLUSIONS: The study found that the scarce knowledge of the population about the term "sepsis" is related to the social level of the respondents, demonstrating poor access to information about health care.


Assuntos
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Infarto do Miocárdio , Parques Recreativos , Sepse , Terminologia como Assunto , Visitas a Pacientes , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Parques Recreativos/estatística & dados numéricos , Visitas a Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 5430870, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31275976

RESUMO

Violence in the workplace is one of the most serious issues affecting the healthcare sector. The incidence of violent behaviour towards healthcare workers is increasing worldwide. It is difficult to assess the extent of the problem, however, as violent incidents are underreported. In fact, many doctors and nurses see violence-perpetrated primarily by patients and visitors (friends and relatives of patients)-as a part of their job. Several studies indicate that violent behaviour against healthcare workers has serious consequences for the professionals involved, as well as for the wider healthcare system. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the prevalence of patient and visitor violence in a number of emergency departments in northeastern Italy and to explore the relationship between violence and certain psychosocial factors (adult attachment style, age, and job satisfaction). Data were collected using an online questionnaire. Our results demonstrate that patient and visitor violence in emergency departments is a serious risk for nurses and doctors and that it is affected by several factors relating to both patient pathologies and the way the workplace and work patterns are organised. Previous studies indicate that the most common form of violence experienced in these contexts is emotional violence and that nurses are more likely than doctors to suffer emotional and physical violence. Based on multiple regression analysis of the data, it appears that greater age and higher scores in secure attachment are associated with reduced experience of emotional violence from patients and visitors. Furthermore, our results show that the relationship between secure attachment and the amount of patient-and-visitor-perpetrated emotional violence experienced is mediated by levels of job satisfaction. We also discuss the potential implications of these results in terms of using staff training to prevent and manage patient and visitor violence and improve the safety of healthcare professionals.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Violência no Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pacientes , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco , Visitas a Pacientes , Adulto Jovem
17.
JAMA ; 322(3): 216-228, 2019 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310297

RESUMO

Importance: The effects of intensive care unit (ICU) visiting hours remain uncertain. Objective: To determine whether a flexible family visitation policy in the ICU reduces the incidence of delirium. Design, Setting and Participants: Cluster-crossover randomized clinical trial involving patients, family members, and clinicians from 36 adult ICUs with restricted visiting hours (<4.5 hours per day) in Brazil. Participants were recruited from April 2017 to June 2018, with follow-up until July 2018. Interventions: Flexible visitation (up to 12 hours per day) supported by family education (n = 837 patients, 652 family members, and 435 clinicians) or usual restricted visitation (median, 1.5 hours per day; n = 848 patients, 643 family members, and 391 clinicians). Nineteen ICUs started with flexible visitation, and 17 started with restricted visitation. Main Outcomes and Measures: Primary outcome was incidence of delirium during ICU stay, assessed using the CAM-ICU. Secondary outcomes included ICU-acquired infections for patients; symptoms of anxiety and depression assessed using the HADS (range, 0 [best] to 21 [worst]) for family members; and burnout for ICU staff (Maslach Burnout Inventory). Results: Among 1685 patients, 1295 family members, and 826 clinicians enrolled, 1685 patients (100%) (mean age, 58.5 years; 47.2% women), 1060 family members (81.8%) (mean age, 45.2 years; 70.3% women), and 737 clinicians (89.2%) (mean age, 35.5 years; 72.9% women) completed the trial. The mean daily duration of visits was significantly higher with flexible visitation (4.8 vs 1.4 hours; adjusted difference, 3.4 hours [95% CI, 2.8 to 3.9]; P < .001). The incidence of delirium during ICU stay was not significantly different between flexible and restricted visitation (18.9% vs 20.1%; adjusted difference, -1.7% [95% CI, -6.1% to 2.7%]; P = .44). Among 9 prespecified secondary outcomes, 6 did not differ significantly between flexible and restricted visitation, including ICU-acquired infections (3.7% vs 4.5%; adjusted difference, -0.8% [95% CI, -2.1% to 1.0%]; P = .38) and staff burnout (22.0% vs 24.8%; adjusted difference, -3.8% [95% CI, -4.8% to 12.5%]; P = .36). For family members, median anxiety (6.0 vs 7.0; adjusted difference, -1.6 [95% CI, -2.3 to -0.9]; P < .001) and depression scores (4.0 vs 5.0; adjusted difference, -1.2 [95% CI, -2.0 to -0.4]; P = .003) were significantly better with flexible visitation. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients in the ICU, a flexible family visitation policy, vs standard restricted visiting hours, did not significantly reduce the incidence of delirium. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02932358.


Assuntos
Delírio/prevenção & controle , Família/psicologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/organização & administração , Visitas a Pacientes , Ansiedade , Brasil , Esgotamento Profissional , Cuidados Críticos/psicologia , Estudos Cross-Over , Depressão , Feminino , Educação em Saúde , Hospitalização , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo
20.
BMC Emerg Med ; 19(1): 36, 2019 06 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31253094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early recognition of stroke symptoms results in a lower time period after stroke onset to treatment with a better outcome. This depends on the awareness of patients, family members, and the general public. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate public awareness about stroke risk factors, warning symptoms, and treatments. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted as a hospital-based survey on 2712 people who visited clinics or emergency department of Imam Reza hospital for any reason, from March 2015 to February 2016. All subjects were interviewed face-to-face by four trained physicians and a structured, pre-tested questionnaire was filled. RESULTS: The mean age of participants was 41.0 ± 12.1 years old. Considering Cincinnati prehospital stroke scale (CPSS) as the main diagnostic system, the percentage of participants that mentioned face asymmetry, speech disturbances, and arm paralysis as a symptom of stroke was 7, 1.5, and 7.9%, respectively. Meanwhile, 71.2% of participants could not mention any of the stroke symptoms. Among participants, 20.2% did not know any of stroke risk factors although 35.1, 27.8, and 17.3% could name one, two and three or more risk factors, respectively. Among participants, only 1.1% were aware of thrombolytic therapy (t-PA) as a first-line drug for stroke treatment. CONCLUSION: In this study, public knowledge regarding stroke symptoms, risk factors, and therapy approaches was low. Taken together, public education is necessary to reduce the time for recognition of stroke symptoms and subsequently prompt and proper proceeding seems to be necessary for the community.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/psicologia , Adulto , Conscientização , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Visitas a Pacientes
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