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1.
Bull World Health Organ ; 98(6): 382-393, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32514212

RESUMO

Objective: To develop a method to assess the cost of extending the duration of maternity leave for formally-employed women at the national level and apply it in Brazil, Ghana and Mexico. Methods: We adapted a World Bank costing method into a five-step method to estimate the costs of extending the length of maternity leave mandates. Our method used the unit cost of maternity leave based on working women's weekly wages; the number of additional weeks of maternity leave to be analysed for a given year; and the weighted population of women of reproductive and legal working age in a given country in that year. We weighted the population by the probability of having a baby that year among women in formal employment, according to individual characteristics. We applied nationally representative cross-sectional data from fertility, employment and population surveys to estimate the costs of maternity leave for mothers employed in the formal sector in Brazil, Ghana and Mexico for periods from 12 weeks up to 26 weeks, the WHO target for exclusive breastfeeding. Findings: We estimated that 640 742 women in Brazil, 33 869 in Ghana and 288 655 in Mexico would require formal maternity leave annually. The median weekly cost of extending maternity leave for formally working women was purchasing power parity international dollars (PPP$) 195.07 per woman in Brazil, PPP$ 109.68 in Ghana and PPP$ 168.83 in Mexico. Conclusion: Our costing method could facilitate evidence-based policy decisions across countries to improve maternity protection benefits and support breastfeeding.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno/economia , Licença Parental/economia , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Gana , Humanos , México , Modelos Econométricos , Fatores Socioeconômicos
3.
New Solut ; 30(2): 95-101, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32567480

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic is exposing critical failures in public and occupational health in the United States. So-called hazard pay for essential workers is a necessary but insufficient response to the lack of workplace protections. The roots of these failures in the weakening of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration enforcement and pandemic preparedness and the dramatic shifts in the economy and labor market in recent decades are explored along with the history of hazard pay. The current prominence of COVID-19-related workplace hazards, and the mobilization by both nonunion and union workers experiencing them, presents opportunities amid the crisis and tragic losses to envision a revival of worker protection measures. Strategies are needed for organizing and legislative advocacy to address the disparate impact of both normal and crisis conditions on low-wage workers, especially women and workers of color.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Saúde do Trabalhador/normas , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Salários e Benefícios , Local de Trabalho/economia , Betacoronavirus , Grupos de Populações Continentais , Humanos , Sindicatos/economia , Sindicatos/normas , Pandemias , Estados Unidos , United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration , Mulheres Trabalhadoras
5.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 222(3): 224-238, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550447

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Data: An increasing number of studies suggest that exposure to physically demanding work during pregnancy could be associated with increased risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes, but the results remain conflicted and inconclusive. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of occupational activities during pregnancy on maternal and fetal health outcomes. STUDY: Studies of all designs (except case studies and reviews) that contained information on the relevant population (women who engaged in paid work during pregnancy), occupational exposures (heavy lifting, prolonged standing, prolonged walking, prolonged bending, and heavy physical workload), comparator (no exposure to the listed physical work demands), and outcomes (preterm birth, low birthweight, small for gestational age, miscarriage, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus, stillbirth, and intrauterine growth restriction) were included. STUDY APPRAISAL AND SYNTHESIS METHODS: Five electronic databases and 3 gray literature sources were searched up to March 15, 2019. RESULTS: Eighty observational studies (N=853,149) were included. Low-to-very low certainty evidence revealed that lifting objects ≥11 kg was associated with an increased odds ratio of miscarriage (odds ratio, 1.31; 95% confidence interval, 1.08-1.58; I2=79%), and preeclampsia (odds ratio, 1.35; 95% confidence interval, 1.07-1.71; I2=0%). Lifting objects for a combined weight of ≥100 kg per day was associated with an increased odds of preterm delivery (odds ratio, 1.31; 95% confidence interval, 1.11-1.56; I2=0%) and having a low birthweight neonate (odds ratio, 2.08; 95% confidence interval, 1.06-4.11; I2=73%). Prolonged standing was associated with increased odds of preterm delivery (odds ratio, 1.11; 95% confidence interval, 1.02-1.22; I2=30%) and having a small-for-gestational-age neonate (odds ratio, 1.17; 95% confidence interval, 1.01-1.35; I2=41%). A heavy physical workload was associated with increased odds of preterm delivery (odds ratio, 1.23; 95% confidence interval, 1.07-1.41; I2=32%) and having a low birthweight neonate (odds ratio, 1.79; 95% confidence interval, 1.11-2.87; I2=87%). All other associations were not statistically significant. Dose-response analysis showed women stand for >2.5 hours per day (vs no standing) had a 10% increase in the odds of having a preterm delivery. CONCLUSION: Physically demanding work during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes.


Assuntos
Emprego , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Esforço Físico , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Aborto Espontâneo/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Pequeno para a Idade Gestacional , Remoção/efeitos adversos , Pré-Eclâmpsia/etiologia , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Posição Ortostática , Caminhada
6.
Support Care Cancer ; 28(1): 79-85, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30982096

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The professional impact of upper limb lymphedema, which affects 15-20% of women after breast cancer treatment, has been poorly evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To analyze lymphedema characteristics and global lymphedema- and/or sleeve-attributed impact (mildly inconvenient to severely debilitating) on professional activities, workplace relationships, and workstation ergonomics. METHODS: Patients received a standardized, anonymous, self-administered questionnaire at consultation/hospitalization for treatment in a specialized lymphedema management center. RESULTS: All 134 consecutive women (March/2015-March/2017; median age 54), with 53-month median lymphedema duration and 34% median excess volume, were included; 35% considered global impact (arm-use impairment) high. For high vs. low global impact during occupational activities, univariate analyses identified global impairment as being associated with the low (23.8%), intermediate (60%), or high (63.2%) (p < 0.01) arm-use level, while multivariate analyses retained intermediate (OR 6.9 [95% CI 1.1-118.1], p < 0.01) and high (OR 4.5 [95% CI 1.5-37.3], p < 0.05) vs. low arm-use level. Lymphedema affected the careers of 70 (52.2%) patients, mostly those with severely impaired arm movement (53.8% vs. 10.2, p < 0.001), without modifying their relationships with colleagues and superiors for 84 (62.7%). Highly impaired women reported changed relationships with colleagues (45% vs. 20%, p < 0.01) and superiors (43.6% vs. 16.9%, p < 0.01). Only 10 women's (7.5%) job changes reflected lymphedema or its treatment. Workplace adaptations (53% ergonomic) were made for 36 (26.9%) patients, mostly those with greater arm-movement impairment (43.6% vs. 25.3%, p < 0.05), who were highly satisfied (86%). CONCLUSION: Upper limb lymphedema can significantly impact work, sometimes upending careers. The rare workstation adaptations were beneficial. Occupational physicians should assess lymphedema-attributed difficulties to improve working conditions.


Assuntos
Linfedema Relacionado a Câncer de Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/estatística & dados numéricos , Trabalho/fisiologia , Adaptação Fisiológica/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Braço , Linfedema Relacionado a Câncer de Mama/psicologia , Linfedema Relacionado a Câncer de Mama/terapia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Ergonomia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Extremidade Superior , Trabalho/psicologia , Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/normas , Local de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
7.
Women Health ; 60(1): 60-71, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31046650

RESUMO

Postpartum physical activity is important but is often neglected owing to conflicting priorities. Given the poor activity levels in the general Saudi population, women are especially likely to have poor postpartum activity levels. This study measured postpartum physical activity of Saudi working women and investigated the relationship between physical activity levels and sociodemographic factors. Study design: Cross-sectional study. This was a cross-sectional study conducted between January and June 2017. Working, postpartum Saudi women completed an online questionnaire including demographic information and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ)-short form. Of 486 women responding to the online invitation, 142 (29.2%) were eligible and participated. Based on IPAQ data, 23 (16.2%), 31 (21.8%), and 88 (62.0%) participants performed high, moderate or low levels of physical activity, respectively. No significant associations were found between the physical activity levels and sociodemographic factors. The most common factors discouraging physical activity were lack of time (21.2%) and childcare responsibilities (19.1%). The majority of participating working Saudi women had low postpartum physical activity levels. No sociodemographic factors were significantly associated with the level of physical activity. Measures may be required to promote postpartum physical activity among Saudi women.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Período Pós-Parto , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Arábia Saudita , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31817936

RESUMO

Daily sedentary working hours contribute negatively to body composition, cardiovascular and metabolic health, especially in women, who are usually less active than men. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of two trending choreographed fitness group-workouts on the body composition and cardiovascular and metabolic health of sedentary female workers. A total of 98 physically inactive and working women (38.9 ± 6.4 years of age) were randomly assigned to three study groups: Control group (CG) = 31, Zumba Fitness® with three one-hour classes per week (ZF) = 39, and Zumba Fitness with 20 minutes of additional Bodyweight strength training (ZF + BW) = 28. Measurements included body composition, blood pressure, cardiovascular risk by the Framingham Heart Study tools (10 yr cardiovascular risk and vascular age) and a metabolic blood panel. Post-intervention, both choreographed fitness group-workouts reached a similar significant loss of fat mass (ZF = 2.805 ± 0.48, p < 0.0001; ZF + BW = 3.540 ± 0.04, p < 0.0001), an increase in muscle mass (ZF = 1.70 ± 0.581, p = 0.005; ZF + BW = 3.237 ± 0.657, p < 0.0001) and a decrease in SBP (ZF= 6.454 ± 1.70, p < 0.0001; ZF + BW = 4.12 ± 1.95, p = 0.039). Only the ZF group significantly improved the 10 yr cardiovascular risk (p = 0.032) and metabolic age (p = 0.0025) post-intervention. No significant improvement was observed in the metabolic panel for both choreographed fitness group-workouts. In conclusion, the ZF program generated improvements in cardiovascular and metabolic risk variables compared to ZF + BW or CG. Both choreographed fitness group-workouts contributed similarly to the improvement in systolic blood pressure, fat mass, muscle mass, and also engendered a great adherence to exercise.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal/fisiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Comportamento Sedentário , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aptidão Física/fisiologia
9.
Environ Health Prev Med ; 24(1): 75, 2019 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31847805

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the huge burden of domestic work on women in Japan, its effects on their health have been poorly investigated. We aimed to assess the association between domestic work stress and self-rated psychological health among women. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey using an online social research panel in February 2018. Participants were 2,000 women with paid work (the "workers" group) and 1,000 women without paid work (the "homemakers" group), aged between 25 and 59 years old and living with a partner. Self-rated psychological health (Mental Health and Vitality scales of the Japanese SF-36), occupational and domestic work stress (the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire), the 10-item Work-Family Conflict Scale, and sociodemographic factors were assessed. RESULTS: The workers had lower domestic job control and higher support from a partner and their parents than the homemakers (p < 0.001), whereas domestic job demand and psychological health were similar between the groups. After adjustment for the covariates using multiple linear regression models, better psychological health was significantly associated with lower domestic job demand, higher domestic job control, and having a young child in both groups. In addition, work-family conflicts and occupational job stress among the workers and caregiving among the homemakers showed negative associations with psychological health. CONCLUSION: Self-rated psychological health in women was associated with domestic work stress regardless of employment status. To promote women's health, we need to take into account the effects of domestic work, work-family conflicts, and social support from families, as well as occupational factors.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autorrelato , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/estatística & dados numéricos
10.
Womens Health (Lond) ; 15: 1745506519891302, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31856698

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Despite the improved safety of the ready-made garment industry in Bangladesh since 2013, other workplace health and safety issues in the ready-made garment industry continue, especially violence towards female workers. This article examines this violence as well as the social norms and attitudes of key stakeholders underpinning it. METHODS: Data were collected in four ready-made garment factories in Bangladesh through in-depth interviews, focus group discussions with female workers and key-informant interviews with different stakeholders, along with factory observations. RESULTS: Findings were analysed thematically. Female workers described personal experience of violence in the workplace: physical and verbal abuse, constant pressure, other personal restrictions and withholding of pay. They did not make complaints for fear of losing their jobs. Supervisors characterized the women as 'disobedient,' 'uncooperative' and 'unwilling' to work and viewed their behaviour as acceptable. Other stakeholders ignored these problems. CONCLUSION: Finally, this study suggests how the findings encourage action to prevent violence in the workplace in order to address the emerging occupational health problems in Bangladesh.


Assuntos
Vestuário , Instalações Industriais e de Manufatura/organização & administração , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia , Violência no Trabalho/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estresse Psicológico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
11.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 26(4): 585-591, 2019 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31885232

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: There is a significantly higher risk of lipid disorders occurrence, including atherogenic dyslipidemia in women after menopause than it is in general population. The aim of the work was to investigate the correlation between health behaviours and the occurrence of lipid disorders in women after menopause working in agriculture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in years 2015-2016 and included 843 post-menopausal women working in agriculture. The following were used: a questionnaire including socio-demographic data, laboratory lipid tests, inventory of health behaviours. The following were estimated: logistic regression models for serum lipids concentration versus frequency of health behaviours in the examined women. RESULTS: Adverse lipid profile was found in over a half of post-menopausal women working in agriculture, whereas the frequency of health behaviours were estimated at the average level, although the frequency of correct eating habits and health practices was significantly lower than preventive behaviours and positive psychological attitudes. A correlation was found between the frequency of health behaviours and the occurrence of lipid disorders in women after menopause working in agriculture: more frequent health practices co-existed with the lower concentration of total cholesterol and a higher concentration of HDL-cholesterol, more frequent preventive behaviours co-existed with lower concentration of LDL-cholesterol. Women with higher concentration of triglycerides undertook pro-health practices relatively more often. CONCLUSIONS: The study revealed a high prevalence of lipid disorders in postmenopausal women working in agriculture. More effective health education programmes are necessary in the area of reduction the risk factors of CVD in the population of women working in agriculture.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/sangue , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Lipídeos/sangue , Pós-Menopausa/sangue , Idoso , Agricultura , Aterosclerose/psicologia , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Fazendeiros/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pós-Menopausa/psicologia , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia
13.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 30(11): 1870-1875, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587951

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To examine the impact of targeted efforts to increase the number of female speakers at the Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR) Annual Scientific Meeting (ASM) by reporting gender trends for invited faculty in 2017/2018 vs 2016. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Faculty rosters for the 2016, 2017, and 2018 SIR ASMs were stratified by gender to quantify female representation at plenary sessions, categorical courses, symposia, self-assessment modules, and "meet-the-expert" sessions. Keynote events, scientific abstract presentations, and award ceremonies were excluded. In 2017, the SIR Annual Meeting Committee issued requirements for coordinators to invite selected women as speakers. Session coordinators are responsible for issuing speaker invitations, and invited speakers have the option to decline. RESULTS: Years 2017 and 2018 showed increases in female speaker representation, with women delivering 13% (89 of 687) and 14% (85 of 605) of all assigned presentations, compared with 9% in 2016 (46 of 514; P = .03 and P = .01, respectively). Gender diversity correlated with the gender of the session coordinator(s). When averaged over a 3-year period, female speakers constituted 7% of the speaker roster (112 of 1,504 presentations) for sessions led by an all-male coordinator team, compared with 36% (108 of 302) for sessions led by at least 1 female coordinator (P < .0001). Results of the linear regression model confirmed the effect of coordinator team gender composition (P < .0001). CONCLUSIONS: Having a woman as a session coordinator increased female speaker participation, which suggests that the inclusion of more women as coordinators is one mechanism for achieving gender balance at scientific meetings.


Assuntos
Congressos como Assunto/tendências , Médicas/tendências , Radiologistas/tendências , Sexismo/tendências , Sociedades Médicas/tendências , Fala , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Work ; 64(3): 515-529, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31658085

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Overall, health-related correlates of job demands and job resources are well-known. However, in today's working life, personal resources are considered to be of increasing importance. Beyond general mental ability, knowledge regarding personal resources remains limited. This is particularly so among women working in the welfare sector, a sector mainly employing women and with the work typically involving clients. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the importance of job demands, job resources, and personal resources for health-related outcomes, as well as the mitigating effects of resources, among women working within the Swedish welfare sector. METHODS: Self-reports from 372 women employed within the welfare sector were analyzed using hierarchical multiple regression. RESULTS: Overall, increasing job demands were associated with poorer health outcomes while increasing job resources and personal resources were associated with better health. Additionally, lower control aggravated the effects of quantitative job demands on health outcomes while lower feedback mitigated the effect of qualitative demands. However, personal resources had no moderating effect. CONCLUSIONS: Job resources seem more pertinent to health than personal resources, at least among women working within the welfare sector in Sweden.


Assuntos
Nível de Saúde , Saúde do Trabalhador , Seguridade Social , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia , Absenteísmo , Retroalimentação , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Presenteísmo , Angústia Psicológica , Análise de Regressão , Autorrelato , Apoio Social , Suécia , Carga de Trabalho
15.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1339, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640649

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between spontaneous abortion (SA) and occupational characteristics among working women is not well-studied. This study aimed to assess the risk of SA and occupational factors such as occupational classification, working hours, and work schedules among working Korean women aged > 19 years. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 4078 working women were identified from among 25,534 workers in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys V (2010-2012) database, to obtain data on SA history and the number of SAs. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for SA were calculated using multiple logistic regression models after adjusting for age, education, household income, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and obesity status. The weighted prevalence for the number of SAs was calculated according to occupational characteristics to demonstrate the SA status among working Korean women. RESULTS: SA occurrence was reported in 5.7% of the study participants. The ORs (95% CIs) for SA were significantly higher in pink-, green-, and blue-collared workers than in white-collared workers. Regarding weekly working hours, compared with ≤50 h spent working, the ORs (95% CIs) for 51-60, 61-70, and > 70 h per week were 1.26 (0.87-1.84), 1.63 (1.04-2.56), and 1.73 (1.10-2.70), respectively. A significantly higher weighted prevalence of repeat SAs was observed in pink- and green-collared workers and in those who worked long hours. CONCLUSION: We found a significant association between SA, repeat SA, and occupational characteristics among working Korean women.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/estatística & dados numéricos , Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Gravidez , Prevalência , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
16.
Epidemiol Health ; 41: e2019043, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623422

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The lowest-low fertility status of Korea has continued for the past 17 years despite governmental efforts to encourage childbirth. As the number of working women has increased, their residence patterns have changed; however, the impact of this factor has yet to be explored. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the effects of residence patterns relative to the workplace on the total fertility rate of working women. METHODS: Information on eligibility and healthcare utilization was obtained from the National Health Information Database between 2011 and 2015. The study participants were working women aged 15-49 years. We classified their residence relative to their workplace into 3 patterns: same municipality, same province, and different province. The total fertility rate was calculated and logistic regression was performed of childbirth according to residence pattern, adjusting for age, insurance contribution quartile, size of the workplace, year of birth, and province of residence. RESULTS: The total fertility rates of working women from 2011 to 2015 were 1.091, 1.139, 1.048, 1.073, and 1.103, respectively. The total fertility rate by residence pattern was highest in women residing in the same municipality as their workplace. After adjustment, the odds of childbirth in women from the same municipality and the same province were 21.6% and 16.0% higher than those of women residing in a different province, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The total fertility rate was higher among women living near their workplace. Therefore, effective policy measures should be taken to promote the proximity of working women's workplace and residence.


Assuntos
Coeficiente de Natalidade/tendências , Características de Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/estatística & dados numéricos , Local de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia , Adulto Jovem
17.
Br J Nurs ; 28(16): 1086-1090, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31518539

RESUMO

Menopause is a natural transition affecting most women between the ages of 45 and 55. Three-quarters of women will experience mild to moderate menopausal symptoms and a further quarter will report them as severe. Symptoms can include night sweats, hot flushes, poor concentration, tiredness, poor memory and lowered confidence. The workplace can exacerbate these symptoms and for some women can influence their decision to stop working earlier than previously intended. The need for support and understanding from managers is crucial and can make a major difference to how a woman deals with her menopause. Many women enter the menopause at the peak of their productive lives. These women have valuable skills, knowledge and experience that employers need to retain, so they should be developing resources to help navigate this normal and natural stage of the ageing process.


Assuntos
Menopausa/fisiologia , Menopausa/psicologia , Medicina Estatal/organização & administração , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia , Empatia , Feminino , Mão de Obra em Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reino Unido , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/estatística & dados numéricos
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547253

RESUMO

A physically active lifestyle incurs health benefits and physically active individuals show reduced reactivity to psychosocial stressors. However, the findings are inconclusive and are based on self-reported physical activity and sedentary time. The present study aimed at studying the associations between psychological stressors (job demand, control, support, JD-C-S) and objectively measured physical activity (PA) on various intensities from sedentary (SED) to vigorous physical activity. The participants were 314 employees from a cross-sectional study. PA data were collected with the accelerometer ActiGraph GT3X (Pensacola, FL, USA), SED data with the inclinometer activPAL (PAL Technologies Ltd., Glasgow, Scotland, UK), and psychosocial stressors with a web questionnaire. Results showed that vigorous-intensity PA was negatively associated with demand (ß -0.15, p < 0.05), even when adjusted for the covariates. SED was negatively associated to support (ß -0.13, p < 0.05). Stress significantly moderated relations between support and sedentary time (ß -0.12, p < 0.05). Moderate PA (MVPA) was negatively associated with demand, but only when controlling for overtime (ß -0.13, p < 0.05). MVPA was also negatively associated with control (ß -0.15, p < 0.05) but not when work engagement was included in the model. Being more physically active and spending less time sedentary may help to handle job situations with high demand and low support.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico/psicologia , Comportamento Sedentário , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/estatística & dados numéricos , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escócia , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários , Suécia
19.
Maturitas ; 129: 62-67, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547916

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between irregular menstrual cycles and occupational characteristics among Korean female workers. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed data on paid female workers from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) V (2010-2012). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We evaluated the possible associations between irregular menstrual cycles and work variables (occupational classification, working hours, and shift work) using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Weighted prevalence was calculated according to each work variable to approximate the Korean population. RESULTS: Irregular menstrual cycles were the most common in women in the 'pink collar' group (16.61%). The frequency of irregular menstrual cycles was 2-fold higher in women working >60 h per week (25.64%) than in those working 20-60 h per week (11.09%). Irregular menstrual cycles were more prevalent in shift workers (15.85%) than in non-shift workers (11.06%). A significantly high risk of irregular menstrual cycles was found for pink-collar occupations (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 1.687, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.044-2.710, reference: white-collar occupation group) and in women with long working hours (adjusted OR = 2.139, 95% CI = 1.243-3.559, reference: 20-60 working hours group) and shift work (adjusted OR = 1.487, 95% CI = 1.028-2.118, reference: fixed working schedule group). CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed associations between irregular menstrual cycles and occupational characteristics of female workers. Long working hours, shift work, and pink-collar occupations are positively associated with irregular menstrual cycles. Therefore, working hours and shift schedules for female workers should be structured considering these factors. Further research is needed to determine the optimal working time and shift schedules for female workers.


Assuntos
Distúrbios Menstruais/epidemiologia , Saúde do Trabalhador , Ocupações , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Prevalência , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
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