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J Parasitol ; 80(6): 905-10, Dec. 1994.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-5326


During development of the free-living adults of the human parasitic nematode Strongyloides stercoralis, cells in certain tissues grow by endoreplication in which rounds of DNA replication occur without cell or nuclear division. The DNA content of individual nuclei was measured by microdensitometry of Feulgenstained preparations. In females, some ovarian cells have up to 800 times the haploid DNA content (800C). In males, some cells of the testis have up to 100C. Intestinal cells in both sexes have up to 16C, whereas most other somatic cells have 2C (AU)

21003 , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Replicação do DNA , DNA de Helmintos/biossíntese , Strongyloides stercoralis/fisiologia , Intestinos/fisiologia , Ovário/fisiologia , Testículo/fisiologia , Jamaica
West Indian med. j ; 35(4): 301-5, Dec. 1986.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-11565


Thirty-four men of African origin suffering from chronic renal failure, (CRF) were studied to assess thyroid functions and their relationships to serum testosterone. Significantly lower mean values of T4, T3, testosterone, FT4I and FT3I were observed in CRF patients as compared to those in 23 healthy control subjects. Serum TSH, LH and TBG did not differ significantly whereas T3U and PRL were higher in CRF patients. Mean serum T4, T3U and FT4I values were further reduced in haemodialysed than in nonhaemodialysed patients. Significant positive coefficients of correlation between thyroid hormones and testosterone were observed in CRF patients. Simultaneous decreases in both serum and testosterone in the presence of normal serum TSH, LH and TBG levels suggest dysfunction of the pituitary-thyroid-gonad axis (AU)

Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Testículo/fisiopatologia , Glândula Tireoide/fisiopatologia , Testes de Função Hipofisária , Adeno-Hipófise/fisiopatologia , Testes de Função Tireóidea
West Indian med. j ; 34(2): 109-13, June 1985.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-11545


Serum concentrations of thyroxine (T4), triodothyronine (T3), thyrotropin (TSH), T3 uptake (T3U), free thyroxine (FT4I) and free triodothyronine (FT3I) indices and testosterone (T) were studied by radioimmunoassays to elucidiate thyroid-gonad relationships in 30 men of African origin with bronchial asthma. In asthmatic subjects, (i) there were decreases (p<0.001) in both serum T3, FT3I and T levels;(ii) significant increases (p<0.001) in T3U were not associated with changes in serum T4 and FT4I, indicating an abnormality in thyroid-binding globulins (TBG); and is concluded that the hypophyseal-thyroid-gonadal axis may be set at a lower level in asthmatic patients (AU)

Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Asma/fisiopatologia , Testículo/fisiopatologia , Glândula Tireoide/fisiopatologia , Asma/sangue , Radioimunoensaio , Testosterona/sangue , Hormônios Tireóideos/sangue
West Indian med. j ; 32(2): 101-5, June 1983.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-11434


Serum concentrations of thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), thyrotropin (TSH), T3 uptake (T3U), free thyroxine index (FTI) and testosterone were studied by radioimmunoassays to elucidate thyroid-gonad relationship in 26 male marijuana smokers in Jamaica. Serum T3 levels were significantly lower (p<0.05) in smokers compared with non-smokers, whereas serum T4, TSH, T3U, FTI and testosterone levels were found to be within normal limits. Decrease in serum T3 levels has been attributed to ingestion of tetrahydrocannabinol in addition to other factors associated with marijuana smoking. Such a profile of thyroid hormones, with no change in TSH, is suggestive of euthyroidism in smokers. The study also did not indicate any alteration in the pituitary-thyroid-gonad axis in chronic marijuana smokers (AU)

Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Cannabis , Testículo/fisiologia , Glândula Tireoide/fisiologia , Testosterona/sangue , Tireotropina/sangue , Tiroxina/sangue , Jamaica
West Indian med. j ; 32(1): 27-31, Mar. 1983.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-11449


Studies were carried out to elucidate the effects of Crude Aqueous Marihauna Extract free of tetrahydrocannabinol and other cannabinoids (CAME) on thyroid-gonad relationship in male rats. Oral indigestion of CAME for 52 days increased (p<0.01) the plasma levels of total circulating thyroxine and triiodothyronine, increased the weight of the adrenal gland (p<0.05), slightly decreased the plasma thyrotrophin level and the weight of the thyroid gland. These changes suggest the presence of hyperthyroidism in rats receiving CAME. Increased plasma thyroxine levels in CAME-treated rats correlated with the total plasma testosterone (r=0.526), indicating a possibility of thyroid-gonad relationship in such rats (AU)

21003 , Masculino , Ratos , Cannabis , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Glândula Tireoide/efeitos dos fármacos , Glândulas Suprarrenais/efeitos dos fármacos , Glândulas Suprarrenais/fisiologia , Ratos Endogâmicos , Testículo/fisiologia , Glândula Tireoide/fisiologia