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1.
Journal of virology ; 77(17): 9278-9286, Sep. 2003. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17890

RESUMO

Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) is an important, naturally emerging zoonotic virus. VEEV was a significant human and equine pathogen for much of the past century, and recent outbreaks in Venezuela and Colombia (1995), with about 100,000 human cases, indicate that this virus still poses a serious public health threat. The live attenuated TC-83 vaccine strain of VEEV was developed in the 1960s using a traditional approach of serial passaging in tissue culture of the virulent Trinidad donkey (TrD) strain. This vaccine presents several problems, including adverse, sometimes severe reactions in many human vaccinees. The TC-83 strain also retains residual murine virulence and is lethal for suckling mice after intracerebral (i.c.) or subcutaneous (s.c.) inoculation. To overcome these negative effects, we developed a recombinant, chimeric Sindbis/VEE virus (SIN-83) that is more highly attenuated. The genome of this virus encoded the replicative enzymes and the cis-acting RNA elements derived from Sindbis virus (SINV), one of the least human-pathogenic alphaviruses. The structural proteins were derived from VEEV TC-83. The SIN-83 virus, which contained an additional adaptive mutation in the nsP2 gene, replicated efficiently in common cell lines and did not cause detectable disease in adult or suckling mice after either i.c. or s.c. inoculation. However, SIN-83-vaccinated mice were efficiently protected against challenge with pathogenic strains of VEEV. Our findings suggest that the use of the SINV genome as a vector for expression of structural proteins derived from more pathogenic, encephalitic alphaviruses is a promising strategy for alphavirus vaccine development.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Feminino , Sequência de Bases , Chlorocebus aethiops , Cricetinae , Vírus da Encefalite , RNA , Vírus Sindbis
2.
Eur J Epidemiol ; 7(4): 396-402, July 1991.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-9841

RESUMO

In a study of 21 wild-caught Barbadian vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops sabaeus), naturally-acquired leptospiral agglutinins were found to persist for over five years. Groups of seropositive as well as seronegative vervets were given a placebo, or full-strength monoclonal antibodies MCA F12C3 (Icterohaemorrhagiae copenhageni), or diluted F12C3 MCAs. They were challenged 24 hours later with a suspension of highly virulent leptospires (copenhageni) administered intraperitoneally. Immunoprotection was evident in animals receiving full strength MCAs as measured by their failure to develop any sunstantial antibody response and by their lower geometric mean titres over a period of 142 weeks (maximum GMT of 113 compared with a maximum of 1280 in the placebo group). Diluted MCAs had little or no protective value. The serological response of the monkeys which were seropositive at capture to challenge with virulent copenhageni antigen was strongly anamnestic both in those given MCAs and those given placebo. None of the naturally or experimentally infected vervets showed clinical signs of leptospiral illness. (AU)


Assuntos
21003 , Masculino , Feminino , Aglutininas/análise , Imunoterapia , Leptospira/imunologia , Leptospirose/imunologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Barbados , Chlorocebus aethiops , Leptospirose/terapia
3.
West Indian med. j ; 36(Suppl): 11, April, 1987.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-6043

RESUMO

The vervet monkey (Cercopithecus aethiops sabaeus) was introduced to Barbados from Africa in the 17th Century, and there are now between 5,000 and 10,000 monkeys on the island. Because they live in proximity to man, and because in Africa the species is a well-known carrier of highly pathogenic organism, the disease status of the Barbadian monkey is of interest. Sera from captive, wild-caught monkeys have been examined by several individuals and institutions. so far there is no evidence that Barbadian Cercopithecus carries dengue of yellow fever virus, Marburg virus, HTLV, herpes virus, any other pathogenic virus for which sera were tested, or tuberculosis. Approximately 305 of the population carries antibodies to Leptospira, predominantly to serogroup Ballum. This serogroup causes only 6 percent of severe human cases. In addition, several cases of severe gum infections have been note which may be advanced chronic periodontitis. Some of the cases were fatal. Cercopithecus is not considered to be a public health threat in Barbados at this time (AU)


Assuntos
21003 , Chlorocebus aethiops , Doenças dos Macacos , Barbados
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