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1.
South Med J ; 81(4): 452-4, Apr. 1988.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-12408

RESUMO

Clinical features of 74 patients with neurosyphilis and 38 syphilitic patients with nonsyphilitic neurologic disorders were correlated with results of their serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) VDRL and FTA tests, and with the WBC count and total protein level in the CSF. The most common clinical features in those having neurosyphilis were reflex changes (53.9 percent), peripheral neuropathy (44.5 percent), ataxia (38 percent), and cranial nerve palsies (24.3 percent). In 27 percent of the patients with neurosyphilis the CSF was VDRL-reactive, while in 77 percent the CSF was FTA-reactive. The frequency of elevated WBC counts in various serologic categories ranged from 23 percent to 27 percent; neither the mean WBC count nor the protein level differed significantly among the different serologic categories (P less than .05). Only two of the 74 patients with neurosyphilis and elevation of both the WBC and protein level. None of the syphilitic patients without neurosyphilis had an elevated WBC or protein level, though the CSF was FTA-reactive in all 38. Among the neurosyphilis patients whose CSF was VDRL-nonreactive but FTA-reactive, 21 percent had an elevated protein level and 26 percent had an elevated WBC count. These results support the view that patients having neurosyphilis will not necessarily have either VDRL-reactive CSF or the other expected CSF abnormalities. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Neurossífilis/diagnóstico , Sorodiagnóstico da Sífilis/métodos , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/diagnóstico , Neurossífilis , Tabes Dorsal , Tabes Dorsal/diagnóstico
2.
Br J Vener Dis ; 48(4): 249-53, Aug. 1972.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-15428

RESUMO

Syphilis was diagnosed in 52 of 200 patients in an admission ward at the psychiatric hospital in Jamaica. 17 (8.5 percent) had neurosyphilis, tabes dorsalis was absent, meningovascular syphilis was rare (2 cases), GPI was common (10 cases) and 5 cases were unclassified. The present-day difficulties in diagnosis associated with previous inadequate penicillin therapy are stressed. A disappointly high cronicity rate of 35.3 percent was noted among neurosyphilis patients, one of whom died. (Summary)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Masculino , Feminino , Hospitais Psiquiátricos , Neurossífilis/epidemiologia , Sífilis/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Doença Crônica , Jamaica , Paresia , Penicilinas/uso terapêutico , Fatores Sexuais , Sífilis/tratamento farmacológico , Tabes Dorsal
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