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Ann Neurol ; 35(5): 513-29, May 1994.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-3571


We present a synthesis of clinical, neuropatholgical, and biological details of the National Institutes of Health series of 300 experimentally transmitted cases of spongiform encephalopathy from among more than 1,000 cases of various neurological disorder inoculated into nonhuman primates during the past 30 years. The series comprises of 278 subjects with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, of whom 234 had sporadic, 36 familial, and 8 iatrogenic disease; 18 patients with kuru; and 4 patients with Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker syndrome. Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, numerically by far the most important representative, showed an average age at onset of 60 years, with the frequent early appearance of cerebellar and visual/oculomotor signs, and a broad spectrum of clinical features during the subsequent course of illness, which was usually fatal in less than 6 months. Characteristic spongiform neuropathology was present in all but 2 subjects. Microscopically visible kuru-type amyloid plaques were found in 5 percent of patients with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. 75 percent of those with kuru, and 100 percent of those with Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker syndrome; brain biopsy was diagnostic in 95 percent of cases later confirmed at autopsy, and proteinase-resistant amyloid protein was identified in Western blots of brain extracts from 88 percent of tested subjects. Experimental transmission rates were highest for iatrogenic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (100 percent), kuru (95 percent), and sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (90 percent), and considerably lower for most familiar forms of disease (68 percent). Incubation periods as well as the durations and character of illness showed great variability, even in animals receiving the same inoculum, mirroring the spectrum of clinical profiles seen in human disease. Infectivity reached average levels of nearly 10(to the 5th power) median lethal doses/gm of brain tissue, but was only irregularly present (and at much lower levels) in tissues outside the brain, and, except for cerebrospinal fluid, was never detected in bodily secretions or excretions (AU)

Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Adulto , 21003 , Doenças Priônicas/epidemiologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso , Doença Iatrogênica , Kuru/epidemiologia , Doença de Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker , Fatores Etários , Encefalopatias , Doenças Priônicas/etiologia , Doenças Priônicas/patologia , Complexo AIDS Demência , Síndrome de Creutzfeldt-Jakob