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European respiratory journal ; 26(6): 1009-1015, Dec. 2005. graf
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17372


Exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) appears to be associated with airway inflammation seen in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The present authors studied the effects of exacerbation, season, temperature and pollution on eNO. eNO was measured seasonally and at exacerbations in 79 outpatients suffering from COPD (mean forced expiratory volume in one second = 42%). The effects of exacerbation symptoms, physiological and environmental parameters were analysed. Stable eNO levels were correlated positively with arterial oxygen tension. Median levels were found to be lower in smokers (5.3 ppb) than in ex- or nonsmokers (6.8 ppb). Levels were higher during October to December (6.9 ppb) than in April to June (4.6 ppb). Levels were also higher during 68 exacerbations in 38 patients (7.4 ppb) than in stable conditions (5.4 ppb), independent of the effects of smoking. The rise in eNO was greater in exacerbations that were associated with colds, a sore throat or dyspnoea combined with a cold. In conclusion, exhaled nitric oxide levels were higher in colder weather and in the autumn, perhaps related to the increased prevalence of viral infection at this time of year. The levels were lower in more severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Exhaled nitric oxide levels were raised at the onset of exacerbation, particularly in the presence of a cold.

Humanos , Inflamação/patologia , Resfriado Comum/diagnóstico , Resfriado Comum/fisiopatologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico , Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/complicações , Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/diagnóstico , Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/patologia
West Indian med. j ; 49(3): 226-8, Sept. 2000. tab, gra
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-673


An audit of blood donation at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) was performed between January 1995 and December 1998. During these four years, 21,733 persons attended the blood collection centre and 6,711 (30.8 percent) were rejected as donors. Females accounted for 3, 054 (45.6 percent) of rejected donors while 3,647 (54.4 percent) were males. Females were rejected primarily because of low haemoglobin levels, while rejection was most frequently attributed to symptoms of the common cold and recent drug use. One hunderd and two rejected donors (1.5 percent) admitted to recent treatment of a sexually transmitted disease, and 138 (2.0 percent) presented within 16 weeks of a prior donation. Of 15,022 units donated, altruistic voluntary donations accounted for 307 (2 percent) and 53 (0.3 percent) were autologous donations. Seven hundred and four units (4.6 percent) were discarded because of positivity on initial testing for a marker of transmissible infection. Overall prevalence for markers of infection was 2.5 eprcent for HTLV-1, 0.9 percent for Hepatitis B and 0.4 percent for HIV I/II. Donations at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) collection centre contributed 15.8 percent of the national blood supply for the period under study.(Au)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Doadores de Sangue , Segurança , Controle de Qualidade , Jamaica , Automedicação , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/sangue , Resfriado Comum/sangue
Am J Clin Nutr ; 20(7): 661-71, July 1967.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-13022


Height-weight measurements were performed and diet questionnaires distributed to 1,649 8- and 9-year-old children in Belize city. The children were divided into three groups; Creole, Spanish extraction, and miscellaneous for specific reasons mentioned. Analysis of the height-weight measurements and returned questionnaires indicate that the diets of these children are nutritionally poor; they are much smaller than American children of the same age; and have a high incidence of colds and headaches. No consistent difference was noted with regard to the height-weight measurements of the children receiving and not receiving a CARE supplement in their schools. Height-weight measurements when compared with private school Puerto Rican children assumed receiving a good diet were consistently above British Honduran values. When compared with prewar English children receiving a poor diet and postwar English children receiving a better vitamin and mineral supplement diet, the British Honduran values were greater than those of the first group and less than those of the second. "Anemia indices" of the three ethnic groups were compared and the diferences commented on. Frequency of colds and headaches and evaluations of the health of the children by the parent were tabulated and compared for the three groups of British Honduran children.(Summary)

Humanos , Criança , Masculino , Feminino , Estatura , Peso Corporal , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Anemia , Belize , Resfriado Comum , Ovos , Peixes , Cefaleia , Carne , Amostragem
Carib Med J ; 15(3-4): 145-8, 1953.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-3323