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1.
Rev. estomat. salud ; 26(1): 10-14, 20180901.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia, COLNAL, MedCarib | ID: biblio-916063

RESUMO

Aim: To characterize the patients who came to the Insitute, Diagnosis and Emergency Clinic (ICID) of the dentistry service of an institution of higher education in southwes-tern Colombia during the year 2015. Materials and methods: We reviewed 772 patient admission formats, consolidated the data in a database and selected socio-demographic variables of clinical interest.Results: It was found that 63% were female patients, the main reason for consultation is oral rehabilitation with 30%, the most frequent medical precedent was surgery with 57%, 33% of men at the clinical examination presented values of arterial hypertension, but only 13% reported it; while 25% of women presented HTA, but 15% reported it and the treatment of choice was oral rehabilitation with 42%. Conclusions: We found important aspects related to the reason for consultation, medical history and the relevant specialty for its treatment, as well as the importance of education and awareness of systemic compromised diseases such as arterial hypertension.


Objetivo: Caracterizar a los pacientes que acudieron a consulta a la Clínica de Ingreso, Diagnóstico y Urgencias (CIDU) de las clínicas odontológicas de una institución de educación superior del Suroccidente Colombiano durante el año 2015. Materiales y Métodos: Se revisaron 772 formatos de ingreso de pacientes, se hizo el consolidado en una base de datos y se seleccionaron variables sociodemográficas y de interés clínico.Resultados: Se encontró que el 63% fueron pacientes femeninos, el motivo de consulta principal fue la rehabilitación oral con 30%, el antecedente médico que más se repitió fue el de cirugías con 57%, 33% de hombres al examen clínico presentaron valores de hipertensión arterial (HTA), pero solo 13% de ellos lo reportaron; mientras que 25% mujeres presentaron valores de HTA, sin embargo, fueron 15% quienes lo reportaron y el tratamiento de elección fue rehabilitación oral con un 42%. Conclusiones: Se encontraron aspectos importantes relacionadas con el motivo de consulta, antecedentes médicos y la especialidad pertinente para su tratamiento, así como se evidenció la importancia de la educación y concientización de enferme-dades de compromiso sistémico como el caso de la HTA.


Assuntos
Humanos , Registros Médicos , Cárie Dentária , Odontologia , Hipertensão , Periodontite , Prostodontia , Prevalência , Pressão Arterial
2.
West Indian med. j ; 50(2): 105-8, Jun. 2001.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-351

RESUMO

The tetracyclines are a group of broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents. The first of these compounds, chlortetracycline was isolated from Streptomyces aureofaciens by Benjamin Duggar and introduced into the market in 1948. In 1952, tetracycline was derived semisynthetically from chlortetracycline by removal of its chlorine atom by catalytic hydrogenation. Methacycline, doxycycline and minocycline are all semi-synthetic derivatives. The tetracyclines are closely congeneric derivatives of polycyclic napthacenecarboxamide. The tetracyclines posses a wide range of antimicrobial activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. In vitro, these drugs are primarily bacteriostatic. Tetracycline have been used extensively as antimicrobial, chemically modified non-antimicrobial properties by Golub. The tetracyclines and their non-antimicrobial, chemically modified analogues have properties that appear to modulate host response by inhibiting the activity of the matrix metalloproteinases that cause collagen destruction. They also inhibit osteoclast function, stimulate osteoblastic bone formation, and regulate angiogenesis.(Au)


Assuntos
Técnicas In Vitro , Humanos , Tetraciclinas/farmacologia , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Doenças Periodontais/tratamento farmacológico , Metaloproteinase 3 da Matriz/antagonistas & inibidores , /farmacologia , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Osteoclastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico
3.
West Indian med. j ; 38(Suppl. 1): 43, April 1989.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-5668

RESUMO

A cohort study of forty-five Jamaican children, aged 13 years, was conducted to examine the periodontal findings of an epidemiology survey of the previous year. All subjects had, in the field survey, at least one index tooth probed to a depth exceeding 3.5 mm, indicating loss of epithelia attachment. A World Health Organization designed peridontal probe was used to assess sulcular bleeding, calculus and probing depth on six index teeth. Anterior and posterior teeth were radiographed. Active peridontal disease is indicated by the presence of bleeding upon probing (97.8 percent) and subgingival calculus (41.5 percent) in the sites with indicated loss of junctional epithelium. Digital imaging software used to analyse the radiographs indicated alveolar bone loss greater than 2 mm in 93.3 percent of subjects and greater than 3 mm in 42.2 percent. The insignificant difference (p=.08) between alveolar bone loss in molar versus premolar sites is strongly suggestive of a generalized form of periodontitis (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Periodontite , Jamaica , Doenças Dentárias
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