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West Indian med. j ; 48(1): 29-31, Mar. 1999.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-1238


A prospective study of 80 oncology patients (42 men, 38 women; mean age 50.3 years) admitted to the University Hospital of the West Indies, Jamaica, was conducted over a six month period (August 1, 1995 to January 31, 1996). There were 103 admissions representing 8.7 percent of total admission to the medical wards. Solid tumours and haematological malignancies accounted for equal proportions of admissions. 62 percent were emergency admissions. Investigation of constitutional symptoms, abnormal physical findings, infection and chemotherapy were the commonest reasons for admission. Complications developed in 42.7 percent of admissions, the commonest being renal and/or hepatic impairment: anaemia, leukopaenia and thrombocytopenia; and nosocomial infections. 35 percent of the patients died during the study period. The mean length of stay was 12.9 days (SD 12.8). Mean hospital stay was significantly longer in admissions involving an initial diagnosis of cancer and in those resulting in complications (p < 0.001).(AU)

Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Anemia/epidemiologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Emergências/epidemiologia , Hospitais Universitários/estatística & dados numéricos , Nefropatias/epidemiologia , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Leucopenia/epidemiologia , Hepatopatias/epidemiologia , Infecções Oportunistas/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Trombocitopenia/epidemiologia , Índias Ocidentais/epidemiologia