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1.
West Indian med. j ; 51(1): 32-4, Mar. 2002. tab
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-99

RESUMO

We could find no previous data describing the extent to which eating disorders are a public health problem in Jamaica, and so we carried out two exercises to assess this. We investigated the number of cases of anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) presenting at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) between 1985 and 1988, using case records, and carried out a survey among health professionals (psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, paediatricians and nutritionists/dietitians) to determine the number of patients with eating disorders seen by them between 1996 and 1998. We also examined the diagnostic criteria used and correlates of eating disorders. Only two cases of AN were treated at UHWI. Eleven cases each of AN and BN (two males) had presented to the health professionals surveyed, chiefly the psychiatrists. The AN patients ranged in age from 14 to 28 years (mean 20.9 years), and the BN patients from 11 to 35 years (mean 22.2 years). Eating disorders were reported primarily among urban dwellers (76 percent), and half of the cases were among students. Limiting food intake, excessive exercise and vomiting were the most frequently used metdods of weight control. Nine eating disorder patients (41 percent) were also diagnosed with depression, and five (23 percent) patients reported previous emotional trauma. The occurrence of eating disorders in Jamaica appears to be very low. (AU)


Assuntos
Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Anorexia Nervosa/epidemiologia , Bulimia/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/epidemiologia , Jamaica/epidemiologia , Coleta de Dados , Estudos Transversais
3.
West Indian med. j ; 49(suppl.4): 13, Nov. 9, 2000.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-399

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aims were to assess the public health importance of anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimina nervosa (BN) in Jamaica, the diagnostic criteria used and their correlates. METHODS: Information was collected from hospital records and from a survey of health professionals. Hospital records from the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) from 1985 to 1998 were searched and all cases that included a diagnosis An or Bn were noted. A questionnaire was given to psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, paediatricians and nutritionists/dietitians requesting information of all An or Bn cases seen between 1996 and 1998, including gender, age, residence, weight, height, occupation, martial status, educational attainment and weight control activity. RESULTS: Only two cases of An were admitted to UHWI during the period studied. Eleven cases of An and 11 cases of BN (only two males) were seen by the health professionals (primarily psychiatrists). DSM-IV was specified as the diagnostic criterion used by the psychiatrists. The mean age of the anorexic patients was 20.9 years (range 14-28 years) and of the bulimic patients was 22.2 years (range 11-35 years). Cases occurred primarily among urban dwellers (76 percent) and 50 percent of the cases were among students. Limiting food intake, excessive exercise and vomiting were the most frequently used methods of weight control. Nine eating disorder patients (40.9 percent) were also diagnosed with depression and 5 (22 percent) patients reported previous emotional trauma. CONCLUSION: The reported incidence of the eating disorders is very low, but the characteristics of the patients seen were similar those in industrialised countries.(Au)


Assuntos
Adulto , Humanos , Adolescente , Masculino , Feminino , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Bulimia/diagnóstico , Anorexia Nervosa/diagnóstico , Jamaica , Coleta de Dados
4.
Psychol Med ; 26(2): 289-9, Mar. 1996.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-3175

RESUMO

African-Caribbean (N=136) and White British (N=192) female family planning clinic attenders were administered the Bulimic Investigatory Test, Edinburgh (BITE) and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). A proportion of the participants were subsequently interviewed. The African-Caribbeans were found to have both significantly more disordered eating attitudes and a significantly higher level of abnormal eating behaviour than the White British. Although the African-Caribbean group had a significantly higher mean Body Mass Index this did not mediate the difference in levels of eating attitudes. When compared with the White British group more African-Caribbean women reported feelings of failure, guilt, abnormality and self consciousness concerning their eating habits. The results indicate that eating problems may be highly prevalent in this ethnic minority population and suggest that there may be differences in the nature of eating disorder psychopathology between ethnic groups. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Anorexia Nervosa/diagnóstico , Anorexia Nervosa/etnologia , Anorexia Nervosa/psicologia , Atitude , Afro-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Comparação Transcultural , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Preferências Alimentares/psicologia , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , /psicologia , /estatística & dados numéricos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Bulimia/diagnóstico , Bulimia/etnologia , Estudos Transversais , Inglaterra/epidemiologia , Incidência , Determinação da Personalidade
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