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1.
J Clin Invest ; 53(1): 117-21, Jan. 1974.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-14819

RESUMO

We studied the acute renal metabolic response in rats made acidotic by a single oral dose of ammonium chloride. Cortical slices from acutely (2-h) acidotic rats utilized more glutamine and produced more ammonia and glucose from glutamine than slices from normal animals. When cortical slices from normal rats were pretreated in vitro with plasma isolated from acutely acidotic rats, they achieved similar increases in glutamine utilization, ammonia formation, and gluconeogensis from glutamine. We did not observe such stimulation in normal cortical slices pretreated in a low pH-low bicarbonate medium. Our data show that a non-dialysable factor is present plasma from acutely acidotic rats that may be responsible for the early increase in the urinary ammonia observed in such animals (AU)


Assuntos
Ratos , Córtex Renal/metabolismo , Amônia , Prótons , Acidose/sangue , Bicarbonatos/farmacologia , Sangue , Cálcio , Meios de Cultura , Gluconeogênese , Glutamina/metabolismo , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
2.
Kingston; s.n; 1970. 166 p. tab.
Tese em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-13692

RESUMO

This study of acid-base balance in adults with sickle cell anaemia was undertaken because of the reports of severe metabolic acidosis during "Painful Crisis". Metabolic acidosis has been incriminated as the cause of the "Painful Crisis" and it has been claimed that alkali treatment can prevent and even abort these painful episodes. It was therefore possible that a defect in urinary acidification could explain this tendency to develop acidosis with its serious consequences. The results of acid-base parameters during the steady state showed a mild respiratory alkalosis which is a non-specific finding in patients with severe anaemia. The response to oral NH4Cl loading revealed a slight but significant defect in urinary acidification (minimum pH in SCA 5.38 against 4.83 for controls). Titratable Acid excretion was reduced but the urinary NH4+ though reduced was normal when related to the urine pH. The glomerular filtration rate was normal. These findings are compatible with the syndrome of Incomplete Renal Tubular Acidosis. The administration of oral neutral phosphate resulted in a marked increase in titratable acid excretion but the defect in urinary acidification persisted. A maximal acidifying stimulus (Na2SO4 infusion) produced intense urinary acidification in both normal controls (minimum pH 4.55) and patients with SCA (minimum pH 4.59). Since the sulfate infusion is a known test of distal tubular acidification, a gradient type defect (Distal RTA) was ruledout. The threshold for bicarbonate excretion was reduced in 3 of 6 patients and it was therefore suggested that these patients have a form of Proximal Renal Tubular Acidosis due to defective bicarbonate reabsorption. There was no evidence of metabolic acidosis during "Painful Crisis". This would suppport our belief that Alkalis are of little use in the treatment or prevention of "Painful Crises", at least in our population (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Masculino , Feminino , Anemia Falciforme , Equilíbrio Ácido-Base , Prótons , Álcalis/uso terapêutico , Acidose/metabolismo , Urina/análise , Alcalose/metabolismo , Jamaica
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