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West Indian med. j ; 40(4): 166-9, Dec. 1991.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-13567


Seroprevalence of toxoplasma gondii, rubella virus, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus infections (TORCH) and syphilis were determined in order to assess the immune/susceptibility status in Jamaican pregnant women in 1986. The positive rates were 57 percent (T. gondii), 69 percent (rubella), 97percent (CMV), 91 percent (HSV), and 4.9 percent (syphilis), respectively. The rate of reactivity for rubella was over 50 percent in all parishes, the highest being 85 percent in St. Thomas. The seroprevalence of T. gondii was lowest in Trelawny (37.5 percent). There were no significant differences in seropositivity of CMV and HSV infections between women from various parishes. The importance of seroprevalence of the TORCH group of agents and syphilis on perinatal morbidity and mortality in Jamaican women is discussed, and appropriate recommendations for prevention and control of congenital infections in Jamaica are suggested. (AU)

Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Gravidez , Toxoplasma/imunologia , Vírus da Rubéola/imunologia , Citomegalovirus/imunologia , Simplexvirus/imunologia , Sífilis/imunologia , Sorodiagnóstico da Sífilis , Testes Sorológicos , Anticorpos Antiprotozoários , Anticorpos Antivirais , Toxoplasmose Congênita/prevenção & controle , Sífilis Congênita/prevenção & controle , Síndrome da Rubéola Congênita/prevenção & controle , Jamaica
West Indian med. j ; 40(1): 22-5, Mar. 1991.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-10377


A total of 512 sera was examined, using the indirect flourescent antibody test, for antibodies to Trypanosoma cruzi. No positive reactions were detected even for samples from individuals with related cardiac symptoms. These findings suggest that there is little or no human transmission of T. cruzi occurring in the island of Trinidad (AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença de Chagas/epidemiologia , Anticorpos Antiprotozoários/sangue , Trypanosoma cruzi/imunologia , Trinidad e Tobago , Doença de Chagas/sangue
Int J Parasitol ; 20(1): 51-6, Feb. 1990.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-12362


An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for IgG antibodies against a South American (New World) strain of Trypanosoma vivax was developed and used for mass screening of cattle from 20 islands in the Eastern Caribbean Basin. The sensitivity and specificity of antigens prepared from a bovine-derived field strain and a nurine-adapted laboratory strain of T. vivax, both of New World origin, were compared using an indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA) test, and an antigen prepared from murine-adapted strain was subsequently used to develop an ELISA test. The results of the ELISA test were then compared with the results of a concurrently run IFA test. There was no cross-reactivity with either test using serum from a Trypanosoma theileri-infected cow. Both tests were weakly cross-reactive with sera from a T. brucei-infected steer, and the IFA test was moderately cross-reactive with several serum samples from a T. evansi-infected steer. For bovine sera collected from herds on islands in the Eastern Caribbean region, only five of 640 tested positive with the ELISA test. Thirty five of 653 sera tested were positive by IFA although the fluorscence elicited was weak as compared to that elicited by sera from known infected animals. Sera collected from 27 cattle in a region known to be free of T. vivax (OH, U.S.A) were negative with the ELISA test, whereas seven of 30 sera from a herd in French Guiana known to be infected with T. vivax were positive. None of 45 caprine and 60 ovine sera collected from islands in the Eastern Caribbean region were positive by the IFA test, therefore an ELISA system for these species was not developed (AU)

21003 , Anticorpos Antiprotozoários/análise , Trypanosoma/imunologia , Tripanossomíase/veterinária , Bovinos , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Doenças das Cabras/epidemiologia , Cabras , Ovinos , Doenças dos Ovinos/epidemiologia , Tripanossomíase/epidemiologia , Índias Ocidentais/epidemiologia