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Eur J Clin Nutr ; 44(5): 363-9, May. 1990.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-13163


Red cells in oedematous malnutrition (kwashiorkor) have an increased sodium content, 'leakiness' to sodium and enhanced sodium pumping. In non-oedematous malnutrition (marasmus) there is a reduction in the sodium pump activity. The explanation has hitherto been unknown but the glutathione content of red cells is low in kwashiorkor and normal in marasmus. We artifically lowered the glutathione content of normal red cells to values characteristic of mild oedematous malnutrition, using the enzyme inhibitors bischloronitrosourea (BCNU) and buthionine sulfoximine (BSOX). After preincubation, the cells were washed to remove the inhibitors and oxidized glutathione. Cellular content of sodium and potassium, and 86Rb influx were then measured. The reduction in glutathione reproduce the abnormalities of sodium content and flux observed in kwashiorkor. We suggest that oxidant stress in kwashiorkor, by reducing cellular glutathione, may affect cell membrane electrolyte transport. This may act through alterations in membrane sulfhydryl groups. Glutathione depletion may therefore play an important role in the clinical picture and natural history of oedematous malnutrition and may have relevance to other conditions where oxidant stress occurs. (AU)

Humanos , Adulto , Masculino , Técnicas In Vitro , Eritrócitos/enzimologia , Glutationa/metabolismo , Kwashiorkor/metabolismo , Sódio/metabolismo , Antimetabólitos/farmacologia , Carmustina/farmacologia , Membrana Eritrocítica/metabolismo , Eritrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutationa/deficiência , Kwashiorkor/induzido quimicamente , Metionina Sulfoximina/análogos & derivados , Metionina Sulfoximina/farmacologia , Desnutrição Proteico-Calórica/metabolismo , Canais de Sódio/metabolismo , Kwashiorkor/sangue , Desnutrição Proteico-Calórica/sangue